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IPv6 cross border communication challenges


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Presentation held at PreFIA Dublin May 2013 by Antonio Skarmeta (Universiy Murcia) …

Presentation held at PreFIA Dublin May 2013 by Antonio Skarmeta (Universiy Murcia)

Outlining specific challanges, the ongoing GEN6-project on cross border communication with IPv6 has to deal with.

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  • 1. Challenges in using IPv6 in Cross border scenarios Antonio Skarmeta Gómez Universidad de Murcia IPv6 going live. FIA Dublin, 7 May, 2013
  • 2. • Motivations • General objectives • Cross-border services • Cross-border safety • Conclusions Index
  • 3. Motivations
  • 4. Motivation • The development and deployment of new eGovernment cross-border services are going to be done in parallel with IPv6 Transition. • It is critical to ensure a seamless interoperability between MS in a foreseen uneven IPv6 Transition scenario. • GEN6 will validate different interoperability scenarios among MS and European Institutions, each of them with a different degree of IPv6 transition. • GEN6 pilot will be also open to an active collaboration with the European Commission (DIGIT) in order to evaluate the transition to IPv6 of the sTESTA network and provide in collaboration with them strategies for IPv6 support on the LSP (Large Scale Pilots).
  • 5. Expected Results • Identification of the needed technical arrangements for interoperability of the IPv6 transition for all domestic strategies. • Prepare different transition scenarios in a mixed environment of IPv4 and IPv6 clouds in the government tiers (national, regional, universities, …), • Test the interoperability scenarios and compile a troubleshooting manual, roadmap of actions developed and guidelines. • Define a clear and detailed transition plan of an IPv4-based public safety network and service to IPv6-based networks. • Evaluate the relevance of IPv6 in safety, security, and mobility aspects.
  • 6. General Objectives
  • 7. Cross-Border Objectives • IPv6-readiness for cross-border services – To establish the basis of a wider IPv6 readiness for eGovernment cross-border services in Europe. – Design and provide end to end IPv6 connectivity for e-goverment services considering the different situations that actually concur on the LSP STORK2.0, SEMIRAMIS, eCODEX, EUCARIS, etc).and operational services like the ones corresponding to ISA (Interoperability Solutions for Administrations), – This IPv6 readiness should be based in a set of interoperability networking scenarios taking into account scenarios based on sTESTA – Evaluate and collaborate with the national networks in order to make IPv6 enable the PEPs (Pan European Proxy Service) entities that are being used on STORK and STORK2.0 and that now are a key component of the end user authentication process based on national ID on several services around Europe (see for example the ECAS access system).
  • 8. Cross-Border Objectives • IPv6 Safety – To put in place and evaluate IPv6 in public safety networks and service could substantially improved interoperability and end-to-end security, which is especially crucial for cross- boarder public safety missions. – To provide more and advanced functionalities than existing ones based on IPv6, especially in a cross-border scenario.
  • 9. Cross-border Services
  • 10. Cross-Border Objectives • Enable national government networks access points to the external networks be IPv6 operationally either native but also for transition situation. • Define strategies IPv6 interconection between the networks over different possible alternatives like or connectivity either by tunnels or application gateways • Look for synergies with other projects from past calls (STORK, SEMIRAMIS, ISA Services) to define a portfolio of cross-border services. • Test existing e-gov services based on IPv6 connectivity • Provide guidelines and good practice experience to be used by other national networks for the IPv6 networks and cross-border services. • Test the interoperability scenarios and compile a troubleshooting manual, roadmap of actions developed and guidelines. • Incentive the usage of IPv6 on public administration by means of learning by examples based on the experience of other stakeholders. IPv6-readiness for cross-border services
  • 11. Gateway / tunnel endpoint Local Domain Clients and Services • Connectivity based on sTESTA • A Local Domain (LD) can either be directly connected to the EuroDomain via a TAP (Turnkey Access Point) located in its LDCP (Local Domain Connection Point) or be interconnected via another network (e.g. a national network) • It is important to define the TAP means of supporting IPv6. • There will be a relevant impact on the security box.
  • 12. sTESTA DOI Backbone DOI Gateway / VPN-Gateway SINA crypto gateway segment router data centre backbone application level gateway access area SINA crypto gateway access client PE router PE router IPv6 national gateway (BVA) ope- rator WAN operator IP protocol site system responsibility CitkommDOIoperator national gateway (BVA) sTESTA operator Citkommsite IPv6overIPv4(Tunnel) MPLS network 2A00:2000:40A0:2::/64 IPv6 2a02:100e:befc:87F0/60 VPN-Gateway
  • 13. Spanish Testbed
  • 14. IPv6 Layer of Trust MS A MS B ATDE SP SP SP SP SP VIDP VIDP VIDP VIDP VIDP PEPS IDP IDP IDP SP SP PEPS VIDP SP A PEPS connects its national eID infrastructure to foreign service providers, as well as its national service providers to foreign eID infrastructure. eID- Interoperability is achieved through central (PEPS) and decentral (V- IDP) components eID Cross-border and IPv6
  • 15. • EID Integration suporting IPv6 in PEPs provided by STORK • STORK ensures cross- border eID interoperability at European level • Integrating PEPs in the IPv6 national goverment services provided by GEN6 • Smoothly integration of IPv6 in goverment authenticated services in cross-border IPv6
  • 16. Cross-border Safety
  • 17. Activities • System setup – IPv6 as interconnect interface for cross border EU public safety response team collaboration • Fixed • Mobile/wireless – Integration of components for: • IPv6 sensor integration within the safety deployment network based on 6LoWPAN for personal and medical sensors • NEMO (Network Mobility) components to be integrated with the Mobile routers to allow MIPv6 services and different traffic management MCoA with security based on IKEv2 for IPsec. Backbone On-site network 1 Databases and information servers On-site network 2 Command control centre Camera Sensors Laptop Tablet Phone WAN links Mobile Router Mobile Router Mobile Router IPv6 interface voice data video
  • 18. (2001:720:1710:10::/60) CoAP Clinical Device YOAPY YOAPY Sensor 6LoWPAN (IEEE 802.15.4) 2001:720:1710:11::5/128 2001:720:1710:11::3/128 2001:720:1710:11::4/128 2001:720:1710:11::1/128 Clinical Device (2001:720:1710:11::/64) WLAN (IEEE 802.11bgn) 2001:720:1710:10::300:/128 (2001:720:1710:14::/64) IoT 6LoWPAN integration 2001:720:1710:14::1/128 2001:720:1710:14::123/128 2001:720:1710:14::db6:1afa:3e18:9178/128
  • 19. IPv6 as a mobile network • Several IPv6 nodes in a single mobile entity – Multiple IP subnets – Each node has an IPv6 address – Every IPv6 address contains a common IPv6 prefix – Different communication media (3G, M5, MM, WiFi, WiMax...) available due to multihoming support • IPv6 vs IPv4 provide solution for: – Security – NEMO – MCoA Mobile Router
  • 20. Session continuity architecture • IPv6 provide solutions to: • Manage multiple flows • Real mobility and integration with security • A complete scenario for ITS
  • 21. Mobility Support 802.11b/g and WiMaX at UMU
  • 22. Conclusions • Need to validate eGovernment cross-border services in parallel with IPv6 Transition. • Important to define Best Practice: – Connectivity scenarios – Possible requirements on transition mechanism – First design on border-services to be tested • Evaluate and analysis of existing proposal on other EU projects related to interoperability and testing IPv6 across borders – Possible synergies and inputs – Platforms or services to be integrated • IPv6 in ITS and Sensor area represent a good example of the advantages of IPv6