Online  Learning In  Washington  State  School  Districts
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Online Learning In Washington State School Districts Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Online Learning in Washington State School Districts August 18, 2009
  • 2. The Problem
    • Washington State has little centralized data and it is limited in scope.
    • Most meaningful policy and practices regarding online learning have been set at the district level, with no consistent reporting mechanism.
  • 3. The Question
    • What are Washington State school district policies and practices related to online learning?
  • 4. The Definition
    • Online courses are defined as fully online, delivered entirely via the Internet, with no face-to-face component.
  • 5. The Report
    • Based on an online survey of 20 questions sent to each district in the state
    • 45% completion rate
  • 6. The Issues
    • District policies regarding student access to online courses, such as restrictions and policies to handle student requests to take one or more online course for credit
    • Perception of barriers to online courses and how students receive information about online courses
    • Types of course providers from which students take online courses for credit and which types of courses are likely to be approved for credit
    • Funding and tracking of online courses taken for credit
    • Practices to ensure online course quality
  • 7. National Trends Districts reporting students enrolled in online learning
  • 8. National Trends Number of students enrolled in online learning
  • 9. National Trends
    • In 2007-08, 665,871 students were enrolled in fully online courses
    • In 2005-06, 73% of online students were in grades 9-12. This percentage dropped to 64% by 2007-08.
  • 10. National Trends
    • Major barriers/issues in national surveys:
    • Concerns about course quality
    • Course development and/or purchasing costs
    • Concerns about FTE funding issues with online students
    • Need for teacher training
  • 11. State Trends
    • Student enrollment in 2007-08:
    • 14,266 students taking at least one course
    • 6,766 took just one
    • 3,630 took two or more (but not full time)
    • 3,827 took all courses online
  • 12. State Trends
    • In 2007-08:
    • 301 schools had one or more secondary students enrolled in online courses
    • 26 schools had 100 or more students enrolled in at least one online course
  • 13. State Trends
    • Three largest online schools in 2007-08:
    • WAVA in Steilacoom – 2,513 students
    • Insight School of Washington in Quillayute Valley – 991 students
    • Internet Academy in Federal Way – 609 students
  • 14. Online Schools in Washington Advanced Academics Kent Full-time and part-time 8-12 Kent School District Kent Virtual High School www.highschoolontheweb.com/kent / Kaplan Virtual Education Statewide Full-time 7-12 Stevenson-Carson School District Kaplan Academy of Washington kaplanacademywa.com KC Distance Learning Statewide Full-time 7-12 Evergreen School District (Vancouver) iQ Academy Washington iqacademywa.net Insight Schools Statewide Full-time 9-12 Quillayute Valley School District Insight School of Washington www.insightwa.net Developed in-house Statewide Full-time and part-time K-12 Federal Way School District Federal Way Internet Academy iacademy.org / Digital Learning Commons, Apex Learning, Global Student Network, Calvert 10 member districts Full-time and part-time K-12 Valley School District Columbia Virtual Academy. www.columbiavirtualacademy.org Achieve Online Worldwide Full-time and part-time K-12 Private (located in Yakima) Christa McAuliffe Academy www.cmacademy.org Course Provider(s) Area Model Grades District School
  • 15. Online Schools in Washington K12 Inc. Statewide Full-time K-8 Steilacoom Historical School District Washington Virtual Academy www.k12.com/wava/ Advanced Academics Centralia and Chehalis Full-time and part-time 7-12 Centralia School District and Chehalis School District Twin Cities Virtual Academy www.highschoolontheweb.com/twincities / Developed in-house Spokane Part-time 9-12 Spokane School District Spokane Virtual Learning www.spokaneschools.org/onlinelearning / In-house development, Apex Learning, Class.com Everett Full-time and part-time 9-12 Everett Public Schools OnlineHS online.everett.k12.wa.us OdysseyWare Statewide Full-time 6-12 Onalaska School District Onalaska Virtual School http://www.ov-school.com / Advanced Academics Statewide Full-time and part-time 9-12 Okanogan School District Okanogan Regional Learning Academy www.highschoolontheweb.com/okanogan / Advanced Academics Statewide Full-time and part-time 7-12 Marysville School District MOVE UP www.iwanttograduate.com / Course Provider(s) Area Model Grades District School
  • 16. Survey Findings – March 2009
    • Purpose: Determine school district policies and practices related to online courses
    • Part 1 – Respondent characteristics
    • Part 2 – Survey findings – Policies and Practices
      • Students taking courses for credit
      • Online course providers, at-risk students, funding
      • Tracking and quality assurance
      • Access issues
      • General comments
  • 17. Respondent Characteristics
    • 133 schools districts = 45% response
    • WA State School for the Blind
    • WA State School for the Deaf
    • Total enrollment = 495,509 = 48.4%
    • 3 anonymous districts
    • Representative sample, based on
      • District enrollment
      • Online course enrollment
      • Urban and rural
  • 18. Policies – Students Taking Online Courses for Credit
  • 19. District Size Variation
    • Small (< 1,000)
    • Medium (1,000 – 9,999)
    • Large (> 10,000)
    • None permitted
      • All small districts (15) making up 25% of small districts
      • 11 of 15 are rural
      • 11 of 15 don’t have a high school
      • No medium/large districts gave this response
    • Most common response – only HS students permitted
    • 64% have no restriction on number of courses taken at a time
    • Those with restrictions: 1, 2, 3, 6 courses most common
  • 20. Who decides whether/how much credit is granted?
  • 21. Determining Whether Course Can Be Taken for Credit
    • 29% consider all 5 factors
    • 17% consider 4 of 5 factors
    • 51% consider >3 factors
  • 22. Online Courses Likely Approved
    • 98% selected at least 2 course types
  • 23. Other Credit Granting Policies and Procedures
    • 34 districts
      • 17 urban/17 rural
      • 7 large/16 medium/11 small)
    • Must be from accredited institutions
    • Follow ALE policies and procedures
    • Considers FTE status of student
    • Who is involved / How approval process happens
    • Student eligibility
  • 24. Online Course Providers
    • Note: 17 wrote in DLC, though it was meant to be in “Nonprofit or Commercial Provider” category
    From which course providers do students take online courses for credit?
  • 25. Districts Providing Own Courses
    • 37 districts (27%)
    • 8 provide internal courses exclusively
    • Rest have at least one other provider
    • 76% - medium/large
    • 46% urban
  • 26. Online Courses Helping At-Risk
    • 74% of districts use as a tool
    • Themes:
      • Credit recovery/retrieval
      • Alternative high schools/ALE programs
  • 27. Funding for Online
    • Who pays?
    Other responses: It depends, Grant, State, District 66 25 Courses beyond 1.0 FTE 54 71 Credit recovery 51 61 Electives 45 76 Required for graduation 38 58 College credit 47 61 Advanced Placement Student School Circumstance
  • 28. Tracking Summary
  • 29. Quality Assurance
    • Question: What actions, if any, do you take to ensure that online courses are aligned with WA GLEs and or CBAs?
      • 71% take some action
      • 9% take no action
      • Remainder – don’t know, NA
  • 30. What Actions?
    • Review course curriculum, description, syllabus
    • Assured alignment by DLC
    • Same as with traditional courses
    • Assuring accreditation
    • Researching programs and providers
    • Making sure instructor is Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT)
  • 31. Who is Responsible?
    • Course provider
    • Teacher
    • Curriculum department
    • Counselor and principal
    • High school curriculum team
    • High school department
    • Curriculum advisory committee
  • 32. Assuring Quality: Teacher PD
    • Question: What kind of PD, if any, do you require for a teacher to be qualified to be an online instructor?
    • 41% provided info on PD
      • Online course provider
      • DLC
      • Online learning conferences
      • In-house supervisor
      • Orientation for teacher mentor
      • Online program coordinator
  • 33. Access Barriers
    • 64% cited more than one barrier
    • Others: student characteristics, misalignment of need and fit, district policies
  • 34. Info Provided to Students about Online Courses
  • 35. General Comments
    • Students who have been schooled with online classes and then enroll at our school are usually behind our students.
    • My main concern is that someday most students will take their high school courses online and teachers will no longer be needed.
    • Completion rates drop off without a face-to-face component built in. I wonder how effective the funds used to support online classes are in terms of completion rates for courses without that support system built in.
    • I would love to see the state provide funding opportunities for online courses
  • 36. General Comments
    • Not for everyone. Only certain kinds of students are successful in this type of learning.
    • Online course participation should be a graduation requirement for all students in preparation for the work world or higher education.
    • Some regulation of all these online course providers and the basic education funding attached to various models seems like a good idea for the near future!
  • 37. Variations in Policies
    • 64% of districts do not restrict the number of online courses a student can take at a time.
    • Districts reported using 50 different kinds of online course providers.
    • Districts listed 54 unique factors that are considered in determining if an online course can be granted credit.