INTERVIEW Learning By Asking
3 primary forms of qualitative data collection <ul><li>1.  Interview </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Observation </li></ul><ul><li>3...
Definition of an Interview <ul><li>purposeful conversation  </li></ul><ul><li>aim is to get information </li></ul><ul><li>...
Qualitative Interview <ul><li>In-depth, detailed descriptive data in interviewee’s own words </li></ul><ul><li>Intent is t...
Asking Permission <ul><li>When you ask permission to interview someone for a qualitative study, it is just that…gaining th...
PURPOSE OF INTERVIEWING <ul><li>… IS TO FIND OUT WHAT IS IN AND ON  SOMEONE ELSE’S MIND...WE INTERVIEW PEOPLE TO FIND OUT ...
Listening for…. <ul><li>Experience of participants </li></ul><ul><li>What experience looks like, feels like to participant...
TYPES OF QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS <ul><li>1.  INFORMAL CONVERSATIONAL  </li></ul><ul><li>2.  INTERVIEW GUIDE </li></ul><ul><...
WHEN DEVELOPING INTERVIEW PROTOCOL CONSIDER <ul><li>WORDING </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>SEQUENCE </li></ul...
Wording of Questions <ul><li>Ask open-ended questions </li></ul>
CONTENT OF INTERVIEWS:  WHAT QUESTIONS TO ASK <ul><li>1.  EXPERIENCE/BEHAVIOR QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>2.  OPINION/BELI...
Interviewer’s Job <ul><li>Maintain control </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Be non-judgmental </li></ul><ul...
STANDARD TEMPLATE FOR  INTERVIEW PROTOCOL <ul><li>Working Title of Study </li></ul><ul><li>Name of Interviewer (if there a...
Research Teams    Develop Interview Protocols   <ul><li>Use standardized format  -- works well when there are multiple res...
INTERVIEW SIMULATIONS pilot test of  interview protocol  During Class #5 <ul><li>Present your 2 research questions & sampl...
Professor Approval of Instrument <ul><li>Each group must get professor approval before conducting any interviews </li></ul>
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Interviewing Updated Summer 09 Mah1

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Interviewing Updated Summer 09 Mah1

  1. 1. INTERVIEW Learning By Asking
  2. 2. 3 primary forms of qualitative data collection <ul><li>1. Interview </li></ul><ul><li>2. Observation </li></ul><ul><li>3. Document Analysis </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of an Interview <ul><li>purposeful conversation </li></ul><ul><li>aim is to get information </li></ul><ul><li>2 people: interviewer and interviewee </li></ul><ul><li>2+ interviewees may become focus group </li></ul>
  4. 4. Qualitative Interview <ul><li>In-depth, detailed descriptive data in interviewee’s own words </li></ul><ul><li>Intent is to understand the interviewee’s perspective </li></ul>
  5. 5. Asking Permission <ul><li>When you ask permission to interview someone for a qualitative study, it is just that…gaining their permission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be very polite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure them this is for classroom purposes only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information received will not be shared outside the classroom and pseudonyms will be used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure the time and location arranged is good for them first, you second </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PURPOSE OF INTERVIEWING <ul><li>… IS TO FIND OUT WHAT IS IN AND ON SOMEONE ELSE’S MIND...WE INTERVIEW PEOPLE TO FIND OUT FROM THEM THOSE THINGS WE CANNOT DIRECTLY OBSERVE...THE PURPOSE OF INTERVIEWING, THEN, IS TO ALLOW US TO ENTER INTO THE OTHER PERSON’S PERSPECTIVE. THE ASSUMPTION IS THAT PERSPECTIVE IS MEANINGFUL, KNOWABLE, AND ABLE TO BE MADE EXPLICIT. (Patton) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Listening for…. <ul><li>Experience of participants </li></ul><ul><li>What experience looks like, feels like to participants </li></ul><ul><li>How people think about something </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>How people perceive change </li></ul>
  8. 8. TYPES OF QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWS <ul><li>1. INFORMAL CONVERSATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>2. INTERVIEW GUIDE </li></ul><ul><li>3. STANDARDIZED OPEN-ENDED </li></ul>
  9. 9. WHEN DEVELOPING INTERVIEW PROTOCOL CONSIDER <ul><li>WORDING </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>SEQUENCE </li></ul><ul><li>FOLLOW UP (PROBES) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Wording of Questions <ul><li>Ask open-ended questions </li></ul>
  11. 11. CONTENT OF INTERVIEWS: WHAT QUESTIONS TO ASK <ul><li>1. EXPERIENCE/BEHAVIOR QUESTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>2. OPINION/BELIEF </li></ul><ul><li>3. FEELING </li></ul><ul><li>4. SENSORY </li></ul><ul><li>5. KNOWLEDGE </li></ul><ul><li>6. BACKGROUND/DEMOGRAPHIC </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patton </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Interviewer’s Job <ul><li>Maintain control </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Be non-judgmental </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes, Audio tape </li></ul><ul><li>Pay close attention to your OWN non-verbal communication and remember it will play a role in how the interview proceeds. </li></ul>
  13. 13. STANDARD TEMPLATE FOR INTERVIEW PROTOCOL <ul><li>Working Title of Study </li></ul><ul><li>Name of Interviewer (if there are multiple researchers): </li></ul><ul><li>Name of Interviewee and Position: </li></ul><ul><li>Place: Date: Starting Time: Ending Time: </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction: Write your opening statements. Thank person for participating. Even if you have discussed study purpose when setting up the interview, repeat it. Give succinct overview of study, promise confidentiality, get consent form signed, ask for permission to audio tape the interview. Confirm time interview will end. </li></ul><ul><li>Interview Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Closing: Thank the person for their time and contribution to your study. Mention again that this is a confidential interview. If you have plans to provide participants with copies of your study say so and how here. You might keep door open for follow up questions. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Research Teams Develop Interview Protocols <ul><li>Use standardized format -- works well when there are multiple researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about wording of questions and what you hope to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Construct open-ended questions. Show no bias. Ask one question at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider sequence of questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider opening and closing of interview. </li></ul>
  15. 15. INTERVIEW SIMULATIONS pilot test of interview protocol During Class #5 <ul><li>Present your 2 research questions & sampling criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Find member of class who meets criteria-that person becomes interviewee </li></ul><ul><li>Choose 1 member of group to conduct the pilot interview </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot interview conducted in front of class for immediate feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Groups meet to revise based on what is learned from pilot </li></ul>
  16. 16. Professor Approval of Instrument <ul><li>Each group must get professor approval before conducting any interviews </li></ul>

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