Hiv Hbv Review

791 views
711 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
791
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hiv Hbv Review

  1. 1. HIV/HEPATITIS B Review for Staff Audrie Shagren MS,RN Puyallup School District Nurses 05/06
  2. 2. BACKGROUND INFORMATION <ul><li>AIDS omnibus bill and OSHA require training for all new employees and yearly review for those in “higher risk” settings for both AIDS and Hepatitis B </li></ul><ul><li>In the US AIDS was first reported in 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>There are approximately 40,000 new cases of HIV/AIDS yearly and 200,000 new cases of HBV yearly in US </li></ul>
  3. 3. KEY REVIEW POINTS <ul><li>HIV and HBV are blood borne viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Found in blood, semen and vaginal fluids </li></ul><ul><li>HIV attacks the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>HBV attacks the liver </li></ul><ul><li>Need to enter the blood stream of another person to be transmitted and to constitute an exposure </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOW TO PREVENT TRANSMISSION OF HIV/AIDS <ul><li>Avoid sharing of needles </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid unprotected sex </li></ul><ul><li>Use universal precautions </li></ul>
  5. 5. HOW TO PREVENT TRANSMISSION OF Hepatitis B <ul><li>Vaccine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended for those at risk of exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of three vaccines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required of students in grades K-8 so they are protected </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immune Globulin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Given following exposure for temporary protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid sharing needles and unprotected sex </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Precautions </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS? <ul><li>Universal precautions refers to a method of infection control in which all human blood and other potentially infectious secretions are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV and HBV. Secretions (sputum, tears, urine, feces or vomitus) are not infectious for HIV or HBV unless they contain visible blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of universal precautions include handwashing, gloving, mask, gown, goggles </li></ul>
  7. 7. REMEMBER <ul><li>ALL BODY SECRETIONS HAVE POTENTIAL FOR INFECTION SO: </li></ul><ul><li>IF IT’S WET AND NOT YOURS, </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T TOUCH IT!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. CONFIDENTIALITY IS PARAMOUNT <ul><li>Parents are not legally required to disclose HIV/HBV status of their child </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of information can only be done with written permission </li></ul><ul><li>It is a misdemeanor to share information regarding HIV/HBV status of another without written permission </li></ul>
  9. 9. HOWEVER: <ul><li>KNOWING THE HIV/HBV STATUS OF ANY STUDENT IS NOT IMPORTANT IF UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS ARE USED </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS USE UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS </li></ul>

×