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Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
Document And  Artifacts 1
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Document And Artifacts 1

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  • 1. METHODS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH 3 primary forms of qualitative data collection 1. Interview 2. Observation 3. Document Analysis
  • 2. Document Analysis documents, artifacts, photography
  • 3. Purpose <ul><li>Documents can provide qualitative data. </li></ul>This is one of the three primary techniques of data collection
  • 4. KINDS OF DOCUMENTS <ul><li>1. Official Program Records </li></ul><ul><li>2. Official Documents </li></ul><ul><li>3. Outside Reports </li></ul><ul><li>4. Personal Records </li></ul><ul><li>5. Audio-visual Material </li></ul><ul><li>6. Electronic </li></ul>
  • 5. Documents as Data <ul><li>Distinguish documents as data from the Literature Review </li></ul>
  • 6. Advantages <ul><li>Check and balance </li></ul><ul><li>Retrospective data </li></ul><ul><li>Chronology of events </li></ul><ul><li>Data not gathered during interviews or observations </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient method to collect certain kinds of data </li></ul><ul><li>Formal, stated goals of program </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient </li></ul>
  • 7. Disadvantages <ul><li>May be misleading </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly written by poor observer </li></ul><ul><li>You can’t probe deeper </li></ul><ul><li>Documents may not contain data needed </li></ul>
  • 8. Document Summary Form <ul><li>*Name or description of document </li></ul><ul><li>*Event or contact, if any, with which document is associated </li></ul><ul><li>*Significance or importance of document </li></ul><ul><li>*Brief summary of contents </li></ul><ul><li>Include: site, date received/picked up </li></ul><ul><li>(see Miles &amp; Huberman) </li></ul>
  • 9. Documents can be sole source of data collection.
  • 10. If not the sole source of data collection … document analysis is triangulated with other data collection methods
  • 11. Documentation <ul><li>What is the Nature of the Relationship Between Neighborhood Organizations and Schools? </li></ul>Can you think of documents that might be helpful?
  • 12. What Do Documents Add? <ul><li>Factual information census data </li></ul><ul><li>Different points of view newspaper articles </li></ul><ul><li>Detail minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance understanding books dissertations </li></ul><ul><li> e-mails </li></ul><ul><li>correspondence </li></ul><ul><li>History newspaper archives </li></ul>
  • 13. What I planned to Use <ul><li>By-laws : structure </li></ul><ul><li>Agendas : issues </li></ul><ul><li>Minutes: issues, relationships, history </li></ul><ul><li>Newsletters: issues, history </li></ul><ul><li>News articles : relationships, issues, history </li></ul><ul><li>Websites: Additional information </li></ul><ul><li>Census data: comparisons of demographics </li></ul><ul><li>School data comparisons of achievement </li></ul>
  • 14. Additions During the Study <ul><li>Dissertation on School Desegregation in the County </li></ul><ul><li>Book written about the neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>E-mails </li></ul><ul><li>Letters between the school board and the association </li></ul>
  • 15. Document Summary Form <ul><li>Name of document Date Received/Picked Up </li></ul><ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Summary of Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Which case study or area it belongs to </li></ul>Adapted from Miles M.B. and Hubermann, M.A. (1994). Qualitative Case Analysis . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

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