Cummings Quantitative Research Methods

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Cummings Quantitative Research Methods

  1. 1.   Presentation to Dr. Glenn E Malone’s WSU Research Methods I Class By Pat Cummings, Director Research & Evaluation Tacoma Public Schools June 12th, 2014
  2. 2.   Quantitative vs Qualitative Research 2 Qualitative Data that relies on observation and interpretation as opposed to numbers Quantitative data Data that is data based strictly on numerical measurements
  3. 3.   Research Basics 3
  4. 4.   Validity 4
  5. 5.   Reliability 5
  6. 6.   Generalizability 6
  7. 7.   The “Average” Problem 7
  8. 8.   Understanding Educational Data and Impact of Poverty 8 Children growing up in poverty are less likely to do well at school. This can put them at a disadvantage in later life which, in turn, can affect their children.
  9. 9.   What are Poverty Rates by Age? Trends from1959-2009 Note: Shaded areas denote recession Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Historical Poverty Tables 9
  10. 10.   What Contributes to Poverty Average Family Wealth by Ethnicity 1983-2010 10Source: Urban Institute http://www.urban.org/changing-wealth-americans/lost-generations-interactive-race.cfm
  11. 11.   Percent Poverty by Ethnicity Tacoma Public Schools 2014 40% 21% 18% 28% 27% 12% 55% 60% 79% 82% 72% 73% 88% 45% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% FRL-Yes FRL-No 11
  12. 12.   How many of our students are homeless? • For the sixth year in a row, the number of homeless students in Washington state has increased • Last year, Tacoma had 1,489 homeless students • 1 out of 20 students in Tacoma are homeless (almost twice the state rate*) 12Source: OSPI McKinney Vento 2013 (Tacoma 5/1%, WA States 2.9%)
  13. 13.   What are Word Gaps By Age 3? From Betty Hart and Todd Risley Source: Adapted from Hart and Risley, Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experiences of Young American Children (Baltimore, MD: Paul; H. Brookes, 1995) 13
  14. 14.   What Contributes to Poverty? Unemployment & Earnings by Education Levels Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey 2009 14
  15. 15.   What Contributes to Poverty? US Incarceration Rates Stratified by Race Source: Bonczar, T. (2003). Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Washington, D.C. :Bureau of Justice Statistics 15
  16. 16.   What are Academic Poverty Gaps? Grade 4 Reading and Math MSP 2012-13 Reading Math (Gap = 24) (Gap = 22) 16
  17. 17.   What are Monthly Costs for Family of 4 in Tacoma? Source: Family Budget Calculator; Economic Policy Institute http://www.epi.org/resources/budget/ 17
  18. 18.   What are Guidelines for Poverty? Source: Department of Health and Human Services 18 Minimum Wage $9.19/Hour or $19,115/Year
  19. 19.   Homeless Student Count McKinney-Vento for Districts Enrollment > 10,000 Tacoma 1,489 Homeless 19
  20. 20.   Homeless Student Percent McKinney-Vento for Districts Enrollment > 10,000 Tacoma 5.1% Homeless State Average 2.9% 20
  21. 21.   What Contributes to Poverty? Lifetime Likelihood of Imprisonment Source: Bonczar, T. (2003). Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Washington, D.C. :Bureau of Justice Statistics 21
  22. 22.   WaKIDS http://tinyurl.com/TPSWaKIDS 22
  23. 23.   FRL-Assessment Trends http://tinyurl.com/TPSMotion 23
  24. 24.   Discipline Trends http://tinyurl.com/TPSDiscipline 24
  25. 25.   Graduation http://tinyurl.com/TPSGradResults 25

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