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Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
Mills Chapter 05
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Mills Chapter 05

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  • 1. 5-1 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Action Research Geoffrey E. Mills Fifth Edition © 2014, 2011, 2007, 2003, 2000 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. A Guide for the Teacher Researcher
  • 2. 5-2 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 5 Data Collection Considerations
  • 3. 5-3 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Validity  Degree to which data collection methods measure what they are supposed to measure
  • 4. 5-4 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Quantitative Research  Internal validity  degree to which observed differences on the dependent variable are a direct result of manipulation of the independent variable, not some other variable (experimental research)  External validity  degree to which study results are applicable to groups and environments outside the research setting
  • 5. 5-5 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Qualitative Research  Measure of trustworthiness  Measure of understanding
  • 6. 5-6 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Guba’s Validity Criteria  Credibility  degree to which findings are believable  Transferability  degree to which results apply in other contexts  Dependability  stability/quality of data  Confirmability  neutrality/objectivity of data
  • 7. 5-7 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Wolcott’s Strategies  Talk little, listen a lot  Record accurately  Begin writing early  Let readers “see” for themselves  Report fully  Be candid  Seek feedback  Write accurately
  • 8. 5-8 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Reliability  Degree to which a test consistently measures whatever it measures  expressed numerically, usually as coefficient  high coefficient (near 1.00) indicates high reliability  no test is perfectly reliable
  • 9. 5-9 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Reliability in Qualitative Action Research  Degree to which data would be consistently collected  same techniques utilized repeatedly  same techniques used by different researchers
  • 10. 5-10 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Reliability and Validity  A valid test is always reliable  it will measure what it purports to measure consistently over time  A reliable test is not always valid  it will consistently measure the wrong thing!
  • 11. 5-11 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Generalizability  Degree to which behavior of one group can be used to explain the behavior of a wider group  Generalizability is not the goal of action research. Instead, it is to:  understand what is happening in your school or classroom  determine how to improve things in that context
  • 12. 5-12 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Confronting Personal Bias  Conduct research in a systematic, disciplined manner  Develop a list of propositions about the findings

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