Mills Chapter 02

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  • 1. 2-1 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Action Research Geoffrey E. Mills Fifth Edition © 2014, 2011, 2007, 2003, 2000 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. A Guide for the Teacher Researcher
  • 2. Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 2 Ethics
  • 3. 2-3 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Codes of Ethical Conduct  Professional standards  American Psychological Association (APA) http:// www.apa.org/ethics/code.html  American Educational Research Association (AERA) (2011)  National guidelines  National Research Act of 1974  Institutional standards  IRB
  • 4. 2-4 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The IRB and Action Researchers  Action researchers should provide the IRB with  clear data collection plans  assurance that the research is not coercive  cover letters that explain the studies and the role of the teacher researcher  parental permission forms, copies of data collection instruments include questions that allow student to opt out while appearing to participate  any other institution-specific materials
  • 5. 2-5 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Informed Consent  Ensures that research participants  enter the research of their free will  understand the study  are aware of any possible dangers  Intended to reduce the likelihood that participants will be exploited  Ongoing dialogue between participants and teacher-researcher  Written permissions if necessary
  • 6. 2-6 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Freedom from Harm  Students must not be exposed to risk  anonymity: researcher does not know identity of participants  confidentiality: researcher does not release personally identifiable information  There is no place for deception in action research!
  • 7. 2-7 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Parental Permission  Required if  students are underage  data identify students  Not required if  school personnel have “legitimate educational interest”  records are anonymous  Request must specify  what data may be disclosed  for what purposes  to whom
  • 8. 2-8 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Personal Ethical Perspective  Some research data challenge personal ethics  disclosures by students or colleagues  Clarify your perspective before you begin  based on personal beliefs, social principles  Ensure accuracy  data collection, analysis, interpretation should be unbiased
  • 9. 2-9 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Guidelines Checklist  Determine whether you require approval & obtain if necessary.  If necessary, seek written consent / permission.  Consider confidentiality, anonymity and avoidance of harm.  Deception is unacceptable.  Develop an ethical research perspective.  Determine the broader social principles that affect your ethical stance.  Ensure that you record data accurately.
  • 10. 2-9 Mills Action Research: A Guide for the Teacher Researcher, 5e © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Guidelines Checklist  Determine whether you require approval & obtain if necessary.  If necessary, seek written consent / permission.  Consider confidentiality, anonymity and avoidance of harm.  Deception is unacceptable.  Develop an ethical research perspective.  Determine the broader social principles that affect your ethical stance.  Ensure that you record data accurately.