TLI 2012: Progress in the Tropical Legumes II project (TLII)
TROPICAL LEGUMES II – PHASE IIICRISAT/IITA/CIAT/TL2-NARS PROGRESS Presented to the Annual Meeting Tropical Legumes I 7 – 11 May 2012, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Emmanuel Monyo TL II Project ICRISAT-Nairobi
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE:• Improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in drought- prone areas of Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia through enhanced grain legume production and productivity
Specifically the Project Aims to:• Enhance productivity by at least 20% for six legume crops in drought-prone areas of SSA and SA, through the availability and adoption of improved crop varieties and associated crop management practices – A partnership involving three CGIAR centers, 15 national programs, the private sector and other R&D organizations. – Organized into 9 objectives; 6 crop-specific (Obj 2-7), 2 (Obj 1 & 8) common across the crops, and one (Obj 9) on management.
PROJECT LIFE• 10 Years of Three Phases – Phase I: Sept 2007 – Aug 2011 – Phase II: Sept 2011 – Aug 2014 – Phase III: Sep 2014 – Aug 2017• Guided by the belief “Every life have equal value” the foundation focuses on improving peoples health and giving them a chance to lift themselves out of extreme hunger and poverty.
SEED PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION SEED CLASS (tons)Country Breeder Found Certified Other TotalEthiopia 22 7,813 3,351 178 11,365Malawi 47 158 3,188 - 3,393Kenya 16 953 13 314 1,296Mozambiq - 53 495 - 548Tanzania 22 194 263 82 561Total TL II 392 14 676 76 993 829 92 890 Chickpeas 55 756, Gnuts 25 968, Beans 9 030
Grain Yield (Kg/Ha) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 MOZ (SOY) ETH (CBN) IND (GNT)New variety KEN (PGP) GRAIN YIELDS TAN (CKP)Standard check MWI (PGP)National avg MLI (COP) NGR (GNT) NGA (COP)
Percentages 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 41 Senegal 36 Niger 31 India 27 Malawi 24 Kenya 20 Uganda 20Burkina Faso 20 Tanzania 16 Nigeria 13 Mali 11 Ethiopia 11Mozambique 11 Zimbabwe LEGUMES VS. CULTIVATED AREA 8 Ghana 2 Bangladesh
KEY LESSONS LEARNED• Regional diversity requires a country-specific approach• Institutional challenges are as important as technical challenges• Success will require institutional innovations not only in access to seed and markets, but in research collaboration, and in a systems approach
Lessons cont• we should aim to accelerate the successes we have had; deliberately targeting the drought- prone areas• explicitly address knowledge/gap or areas which hinder the design, implementation and scaling up of technologies - particularly effective seed systems
KEY ISSUES/PRIORITIES/OPPORTUNITIES• Increased Seed Availability – Improved access to breeder and Basic seed – Sustainable seed production and marketing – Increased awareness of improved varieties and their characteristics – Price information of improved seed• Crop Management – Use of improved crop management technologies – Moisture Conservation Technologies
• issues of: product identity (how to distribute and market the varieties and seed in ways which make them distinctive, but easily recognizable)• issues of moving lots of knowledge along with the seed (so as to a create a set of informed users)
• Affordable Equipment – Labor intensive activities eg shelling of gnuts• Capacity Building – training in quality seed production• Engaging Policy Makers – lengthy variety release process – lack of grading and standards for tropical legume grains – lack of incentive for private investment in seed production – decline in investment in agricultural research and development
we should aim to• accelerate the successes we have had; including use of tools from TL1 to speed up variety development.• explicitly address knowledge/gap areas which hinder the design, implementation and scaling up of technology adoption esp. effective seed systems