GRM 2013: Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) – H Leung

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GRM 2013: Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) – H Leung

  1. 1. Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) Research Program on Rice
  2. 2. 16 CGIAR Research Programs 1. Agriculture for Nutrition and Health 2. Aquatic Agricultural Systems 3. Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) 4. Dryland Cereals 5. Dryland Systems 6. Forests, Trees and Agroforestry 7. Grain Legumes 8. Humidtropics 9. Livestock and Fish 10.Policies, Institutions and Markets 11.Maize 12.Rice (GRiSP) 13.Roots, Tubers and Bananas 14.Water, Land and Ecosystems 15.Wheat 16.Genebanks
  3. 3. GRiSP: a global response • A global partnership led by IRRI • Coordinating and founding partners: IRRI, AfricaRice, CIAT, CIRAD, IRD, and JIRCAS (international mandate) • Shared vision, goals, objectives, R&D • For a value of 100 M $/year (CGIAR only) • Current phase: 2011-2015
  4. 4. GRiSP Objectives To increase rice productivity through development of improved varieties and other technologies along the value chain To foster more sustainable rice-based production systems that use resources more efficiently To improve the efficiency and equity of the rice sector through better and more accessible information and strengthened delivery mechanisms
  5. 5. Six research themes Genes Varieties Management Value adding Assessment Last-mile delivery Policy
  6. 6. GRiSP research themes 1. Conserving genetic diversity; gene discovery 2. Development of improved varieties 3. Sustainable management practices 4. Value adding (post harvest, new products) 5. Technology targeting and policy 6. Partnerships for large-scale impact, and capacity building (GCP Agenda)
  7. 7. Schematic Impact Pathway Product Pilot site farmer adopters, and benefits seen Large scale dissemination Large numbers of farmers adopt Increased productivity SLO (food security, poverty, sustainability, H&N) Collaborative partner adopters, and benefits seen GRiSP “Outside” Research outcome – Intermediate and end user Intermediate development Outcome (IDO) >> 3 years 3-6 years 6-9 years 9-12 years >> 12 years 100s 1000s 100,000s 1,000,000s Farmers Upscaling Pilot scale
  8. 8. GRiSP: what’s new? • First-time ever globally concerted action • Well-defined Impact-Pathway • Alignment of major R4AD international institutions and their partners spanning the ‘science-development’ continuum • Weighty impact/policy influence • Recognized importance of gender
  9. 9. What’s new? • Global exchange of knowledge, information, tools, germplasm, genes, methods, data,… • Global collaborative efforts (e.g., global phenotyping platform) • Linking platforms, networks, consortia
  10. 10. Program special features • Competitive New Frontier projects and new initiatives • Competitive Scholarships (GRISS) • Global Rice Forum • High-level Oversight Committee • Partnership development fund • Enhanced capacity building
  11. 11. Some highlights Product Line: 1.2. Characterizing genetic diversity and creating novel gene pools 3,000 genomes re-sequenced (~15x) (BGI, CAAS, IRRI) Plan to re-sequence 2,500 O. glaberrima (AA) AfricaRice, IRD, CIRAD Phylogenetic tree for 200K SNPs on 3k lines
  12. 12. Producing novel genetic resources NAM populations (CIAT, AfricaRice) MAGIC populations (IRRI) x IR64 SSD F7
  13. 13. Current status & perspectives on NAM • CIAT: 2,000 lines, 10 combinations, F7 harvested • AfricaRice: 2,000 lines, 10 combinations, F7 harvested • Seed exchange on going • Genotyping: • Low resolution WGS / imputation (IRIGIN project) • Genotyping By Sequencing (w S. Dellaporta, Yale Uty) • Phenotyping: • GRiSP Phenotyping Network • Tools for data analysis: MapDisto IR64 x WAB638-1 F4 PlantsM. Lorieux, CIAT/IRD
  14. 14. Theme 2: Accelerating Breeding • Identification of QTLs conferring tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses – Lines showing higher tolerance to salinity, Fe-toxicity, drought, enhanced anaerobic germination ability, and resistance to gall midge. • Nomination of ARICA – After 3 years evaluation under Breeding Task Force Trials, AfricaRice and NARS have named five breeding lines, 3 lowland and 2 upland as ARICA T. Kumashiro, AfricaRice
  15. 15. Global phenotyping platform CIRAD/IRRI/CIAT
  16. 16. GRiSP Partnership Development Project 1. Establishment of basket method setup at IRRI 2. Evaluation of IR64-dro1 NILs in the field at IRRI under lowland drought stress (ongoing) Genotype sets screened: • drought QTL and pup1 NILs • aus panel • IR64 x Dular RIL population 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1 8 15 22 29 36 43 50 57 64 71 78 85 92 99 106 113 120 127 134 141 148 155 162 169 176 183 190 197 204 211 218 225 Entry Aus panel basket study - % deep roots NIAS-IRRI H. Amelia, A. Kumar, Y. Uga, unpubl
  17. 17. GRiSP New Frontier research Project PLs Institutions Genotyping and phenotyping of African rice species and their pathogens for strategic disease resistance breeding (MENERGEP) 1.2. 1.3. 2.2. AfricaRice, IRD, JIRCAS, Cirad Increasing the yield potential in rice using genomic and physiological approaches 2.4. IRRI, AfricaRice, CIAT, Nagoya U. Phenomics of key adaptation and yield potential traits - GRiSP Global Rice Phenotyping Network (PRAY) 1.2. IRRI, AfricaRice, CIAT, Cirad, Embrapa, NIAES, U. Qsld., CAAS, PhilRice Enhancing the sustainable use of phosphorus through the development of varieties with reduced grain P 2.3. JIRCAS, IRRI, AfricaRice, Southern Cross U., FOFIFA, Yara Development of a cutting edge rice transformation platform for complex traits (TALENs) 1.3. 1.4. 2.2. IRRI, CIAT, U. Minnesota
  18. 18. Global Rice Science Scholarship Region Female Male Total Africa 3 6 9 Asia 9 8 17 Europe 1 1 South America 1 3 4 Grand Total 14 17 31 188 applicants from 40 countries 31 awarded for Themes 1-5
  19. 19. Perspectives GRiSP Theme 1 is very much aligned with GCP activities conducted for the last 9 years GCP Legacy • Genetic diversity—first SNP project • Novel genetic resources—MAGIC, NAM • Drought and trait packages for unfavourable environments – Large-effect QTL for drought tolerance – P-uptake gene, salinity tolerance
  20. 20. Thanks to Mathias Lorieux, CIAT/IRD Takashi Kumashiro, Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop, AfricaRice Yusaku Uga, NIAS, Japan Bas Bouman, GRiSP Director, IRRI Many colleagues involved in GRiSP

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