GRM 2013: What is CRP MAIZE?

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GRM 2013: What is CRP MAIZE?

  1. 1. What Is CRP MAIZE? GCP General Research Meeting Lisbon 27 September,2013
  2. 2. Alliance of ~350 Partners launched by CGIAR on July 6, 2011 MAIZE CRP: Global Alliance for Improving Food Security and Livelihoods of the Resource-Poor in the Developing World Products (novel tools technologies, ideas, knowledge, methodologies, policies Partners (CG centers, NARES, ARIs, private sector, SROs, NGOs, CBOs Strategic Initiatives (science based action)
  3. 3. Mission To double the [crop] productivity, and significantly increase the incomes and livelihood opportunities from more productive, resilient and sustainable maize-based farming systems on essentially the same land area, and as climates change and the costs of fertilizer, water, and labor increase. Sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat systems to ensure global food security and reduce poverty CIMMYT CRP
  4. 4. How was MAIZE developed? • Day-to-day feed-back from collaboration with > 220 / 340 institutions • 1:1 Consultations with major maize producing/consuming countries • Group consultations and collaborative planning in a large number of recent bilateral projects • Updated food demand, production and price predictions provided by IFPRI (March, 2010) • Maize systems analysis: focus is on areas in low and lower middle income countries not targeted by the private sector or alternative suppliers • Dissemination of draft strategies to >350 organizations from the public and private sector
  5. 5. Mission CRPs SIs Projects Conceptualization of MAIZE
  6. 6. The Menu Card: MAIZE Strategic Initiatives (SIs) and Targeting: 10 point agenda Focus 1.Technology and market-limited farmers in stress prone areas 2.Technology-limited smallholder farmers with capacity to strongly increase maize productivity 1. Socioeconomics and policies for maize futures 2. Sustainable intensification and income opportunities for the poor 3. Smallholder precision agriculture 4. Stress tolerant maize for the poorest 5. Towards doubling maize productivity 6. Integrated postharvest management 7. Nutritious maize (with CRP4) 8. Seeds of discovery – unlocking the black box of genetic diversity 9. New tools and methods for NARS and SMEs 1-9. Strengthening local capacities
  7. 7. SI 1: Socioeconomics, technology targeting, systems research, connecting farmers to markets Lead: CIMMYT-SEP
  8. 8. SI 2: Maize-based cropping systems Lead: CIMMYT-GCAP & SEP Projects: SIMLESA, SIMLEZA, MasAgro, CSISA Target: SSA; LA; S Asia
  9. 9. SI 3: Precision agriculture, especially for smallholders - Decision guides, Mechanization, Processing, Energy practices to conserve resources Lead: CIMMYT-GCAP
  10. 10. SI 4 (Abiotic): Drought, heat, water logging, acidity, cold, nutrient deficiencies Lead: CIMMYT-GMP Projects: DTMA-III, WEMA, IMAS, USAID-Heat, NSIMA-III, AAA, AMDROUT, ATMA, HTMA, DBT-GEO, Fenalce Target: SSA, Asia, LA
  11. 11. SI 4 (Biotic): leaf blights, MSV, GLS, DM, BLSB, PFSR, rust, insect pests Lead: CIMMYT-GMP Projects: IRMA-III, ISMA, HMRP
  12. 12. SI 5: Doubling maize yields in tropical environments Lead: CIMMYT-GMP Projects: IMIC-LA, IMIC-Asia Target: LA, Asia, SSA
  13. 13. SI 6: Integrated post-harvest management Lead: IITA + CIMMYT-GMP Projects: EGSP-II, IRMA-III Target: SSA
  14. 14. SI 7: Nutritious maize, bio-fortified maize varieties Lead: CIMMYT-GMP Projects: NuME, H+ Maize Target: SSA, LA
  15. 15. SI 8: Unlocking the genetic diversity in maize genetic resources Lead: CIMMYT-GRP Project: SeeD (Seeds of Discovery) Target: Global
  16. 16. SI 9: Precision phenotyping, DH, GS, Bioinformatics Lead: CIMMYT-GMP Projects: GS Project, DH-Africa, Limagrain-DH Target: Global
  17. 17. Funding for MAIZE CRP Window 1 • Least restricted • Fund Council sets overall priorities and allocates resources to specific CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs), to achieve the CGIAR mission Window 2 • Designated by Fund Donors to one or more specific CRPs. • Donors may allocate funds for each CRP. Funds for a given CRP, flow to the Lead Implementing Center. Window 3 • Most restricted • Fund Donors allocate money to specific Centers. Neither the Consortium nor the Fund Council makes decisions about the use of Window 3 funds.
  18. 18. MAIZE Partners • 342 partners (179 funded/with formal agreements) • NARS: 130 (70) • Universities: 75 (38) • ROs and IOs: 18 (6) • ARIs: 21 (4) • Private sector: 46 (22) • NGOs and CBOs: 42 (4) • CG host countries: 11 (11) MAIZE is contracted by the Consortium Board to CIMMYT as the Lead Center. MAIZE MC Member Institutions: CIMMYT, IITA, KARI, SAGARPA, SFSA Criteria for MAIZE MC member institutions: Selected institutions which through their mission, skills, and resources provide major research contributions to MAIZE, dedicate significant staff and resources to the objectives of MAIZE, and contribute to the evolution of the MAIZE strategy.
  19. 19. Targeting Focus 1. Technology and market-limited farmers in stress prone areas 2. Technology-limited smallholder farmers with leverage to strongly increase maize productivity Areas not targeted by the private sector Estimated reach Based on Hyman et al (2008) 64% of the maize area in low and middle income countries 660-830 million (>90%) maize-dependent poor 62 million (1/3 of all) stunted children
  20. 20. • Uncontrolled area expansion threatens forests and hill slopes • FAO: 20% arable land expansion possible • Maize area grows at 2.2% annually • Need for sustainable intensification Specific challenges to MAIZE
  21. 21. Annual yield fluctuations FAOSTAT (2010) • >80% is grown under rainfed conditions • Farmers have very good reasons why they grow maize and why they grow it rainfed - productivity, labor, economics, multi-use. • Large annual yield fluctuation => Risk of price hikes, food insecurity Year 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Grainyield(tha -1 ) 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 Maize Rice Wheat USD 1-2 billion food aid annually Specific challenges to MAIZE
  22. 22. Projected Temperature Increases Up to 23% of South Asia’s maize crop could will be lost due to higher temperatures by 2050.
  23. 23. Demand for maize in the developing world will double by 2050 Population growth Livestock revolution: meat & dairy Use of maize for biofuel Maize imports for developing country will increase 24% by 2050 – equalling USD 30 billion World Market export prices for maize are expected to almost double over the next 20 years http://www.oxfam.org/sites/www.oxfam.org/files/rr- exploring-food-price-scenarios-010611-en.pdf Demand for Maize
  24. 24. Grand Challenge to MAIZE “In the next 50 years we will need to produce as much food as has been consumed over our entire human history.” Megan Clark, CEO of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Australia
  25. 25. MAIZE EXPECTED OUTCOMES 1. Maize productivity growth of 33% by 2030. 2. Enough maize for 600 million more maize consumers by 2030. 3. More productive, resilient and sustainable farming systems. Source: MAIZE proposal, and excerpt from ‘Update on CGIAR Research & Results’, F. Rijsberman, 2 November 2012
  26. 26. Opportunity for Maize Researches and Partners
  27. 27. Competitive Grants Initiative (MAIZE Partnership Strategy) -extend its current partnerships to capture a wider range of innovative ideas, increase the quality of the research, and integrate the skills of the most able and well-connected members towards the Vision of Success. -allow scientists world-wide to apply for funds to support research and capacity-building activities that will make a significant contribution to the vision of success of MAIZE. Real money is flowing-2.5M/yr. Year 1: Competitive Grants Initiative  37 partners Year 2: Competitive Grants Initiative  19 topics (on going review of Concept Notes.)
  28. 28. Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) Male parent severely affected Female parent stunted & premature drying Farmer’s field in Tanzania Farmer’s field in Bomet  Pathogen diagnosis jointly undertaken by CIMMYT-KARI- Ohio State University team as MLN (MCMV + SCMV)
  29. 29. MLN-resistant inbred lines
  30. 30.  Impact-oriented strategic and applied research  Prioritization of activities (Resources, Scope and Time)  Interacting and responding to our stakeholders much more than before  Interdisciplinary interaction to deliver defined outputs in the various SIs Jointly creating a path to success
  31. 31. Thank You! Contact: www.maize.org

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