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GRM 2013: CGIAR Research Program on wheat -- M van Ginkel
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GRM 2013: CGIAR Research Program on wheat -- M van Ginkel

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  • Map shows 620 cooperators, who send back data to CIMMYT or ICARDA. Not all nursery sites are shown, as some points are national coordinators, who distribute germplasm to further sites. Cooperators who receive WHEAT germplasm, but do not send back data, are not shown.
  • Map shows 620 cooperators, who send back data to CIMMYT or ICARDA. Not all nursery sites are shown, as some points are national coordinators, who distribute germplasm to further sites. Cooperators who receive WHEAT germplasm, but do not send back data, are not shown.
  • Release of a new variety is usually slow and subject to tough criteria that vary from country to countryFunded by the USAID Famine Fund, six countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nepal & Pakistan) embraced a quicker production method and sowed 52 hectares with 11 varieties, producing nearly 145 tons of Ug99 resistant seed in the 2008-09 crop cycleIn parallel, Iran planted 34,000 hectares and produced 80,000 tons of Ug99 resistant wheat seedAll countries repeated this in 2009-10. The 7 countries combined have sown over 47,000 hectares, yielding 118,000 tons of improved seedBangladesh, Egypt, and Iran had enough Ug99-resistant seed in 2012 to sow at least 5% of their national wheat area (1 ha of wheat produces enough seed to sow 20 hectares, so 5% is safeguard threshold for replacing susceptible varieties in case of a Ug99 outbreak)
  • *under 100% of the recommended levels of fertilizer use (kg/ha)
  • Transcript

    • 1. GCP, Lisbon, Portugal CRP WHEAT (CIMMYT & ICARDA) http://wheat.org/ Maarten van Ginkel
    • 2. WHEAT PRODUCTION
    • 3. WHEAT Strategic Initiatives (SI) 1. Technology targeting for greatest impact 2. Sustainable wheat-based systems 3. Nutrient- and water-use efficiency 4. Productive wheat varieties 5. Durable disease and pest resistance 6. Enhanced heat and drought tolerance 7. Breaking the yield barrier 8. More and better seed 9. Seeds of discovery – tackling the black box of genetic resources 10.Strengthening capacities, including strengthening innovation capacity Ten 10-12 Year Research Agenda
    • 4. Inter-linkages SI 5 – Durable Pest & Disease resistance SI 6 – Enhanced Heat & Drought Tolerance SI 7 – Breaking the Yield Barrier SI4ProductiveWheat Varieties SI9SeedsofDiscovery FARMERS SI 10 Strengthening Capacities SI 1 Technology Targeting for Greatest Impact Comprehensive Wheat Improvement Systems: on Field & Farm Adoption & Use SI 2 – Sustainable Wheat-based System SI 3 – Nutrient- and Water-use Efficiency SI 8 - More and better Seed Sustainably grow more with less for improved livelihoods Frontier genetic research: Novel diversity & break the yield barrier Improved varieties onto research & farmers fields
    • 5. WHEAT Impacts …  Added value of wheat produced = US$ 1.5 billion by 2020 to US$ 8 billion by 2030  Enough wheat to feed an additional 60 million consumers by 2020 & an additional 400 million by 2030  Breaking the wheat yield barrier by 50% Expected Impact (as stated in 2011 Proposal, excerpts)
    • 6. WHEAT is in demand - 620 cooperators want new WHEAT germplasm on an annual basis Partnership surveys demonstrate the value collaborators ascribe to this germplasm
    • 7. Impact pathways in action: Make 6 countries stem rust (Ug99) epidemic-proof 2006-2008: Genetic discovery & breeding for Ug99 resistance (faster thru shuttle breeding) 2009: Improved varieties available to NARS & first releases by NARS 2008-12: Seed multiplication (15 lines) in 6 vulnerable countries (CIMMYT & ICARDA): Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nepal & Pakistan – thanks to USAID Famine project 2012-13 season: 5% of national wheat area threshold to counter an epidemic reached Objective: Keep adding additional superior yielding varieties to enhance productivity and genetic diversity
    • 8. Africa can grow more wheat profitably Eight SSA countries could increase wheat production profitably to meet growing demand WHEAT for Africa conference African MoA have endorsed wheat as a strategic crop By 2014: Coalition for Wheat for Africa (W4A)
    • 9. Blue-Sky Research to Implementation
    • 10. The Measure of Success for WHEAT  Food and Environment: Farming systems are more sustainable and resilient, despite the impacts of climate change. Reduced dependence on irrigation and use of increasingly expensive fertilizers reduced.  Environment: Increased productivity in developing countries.  Poverty reduction and equity: Reduced poverty and malnutrition especially among women and children. Greater access to profitable and environmental friendly farming approaches for women and young adults.  Poverty reduction and equity: Better access to cutting-edge technologies through innovative partnerships with advanced research institutions and the private sector.  Capacity: A new generation of scientists and other professionals across the developing world working in partnership with the CGIAR.
    • 11. http://wheat.org/ Maarten van Ginkel • Wheat is the globally most widely-grown cereal crop • WHEAT: more than 300 partners • Open to working with other CRPs • Needs breeding/genetics inputs