GRM 2011: Plant breeding at the West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI)
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GRM 2011: Plant breeding at the West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI)






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GRM 2011: Plant breeding at the West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI) GRM 2011: Plant breeding at the West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement (WACCI) Presentation Transcript

  • Training Plant Breeders at WACCI toaccelerate the Green Revolution inWest and Central AfricaEric. Y. DanquahDirector, 2011 General Research Meeting , 21-26 September 2011,Hyderabad, India(GCP Project Number: G40008.37)
  • The University of GhanaGhana’s Premier UniversityFounded 1948
  • Outline• Context–The challenge to a Green Revolution in SSA• The PromiseWACCI–Conception & Establishment–Programme Structure–Our Students & Facilities• Looking Ahead–Linkages, Networking & Sustainability
  • The Challenge to a GreenRevolution in SSA• No. of breeders belowcritical level• Poor Institutional Structures• Brain Drain• Low Yielding Varieties• High Cost of Production• Biotic & Abiotic stresses• Climate Change• Land & Cultural IssuesLow ProductivityFood InsecurityLow BreedingCapacity
  • Food Crops Development Project (2001-2007)Root and Tuber Improvement Programme (1999-2003)t/ha02468101214Start of projectEnd of projectYield increases in some food cropsin Ghana following investments
  • Sorghum Hybrid Quadruple Yields in MaliSorghum hybrids developed in Mali to quadrupleharvests following support from AGRA0.8454 0.8392 0.82621.03651.34333.5Local Variety(2005)Local Variety(2006)Local Variety(2007)Local Variety(2008)Local Variety(2009)Hybrid VarietySource: Yields of Sorghum in Mali (t/ha)
  • 41543012 13175 3501712221765811 13Ghana Burkina Faso Niger Nigeria Mali CameroonBSc MSc PhDNumber of Plant Breeders inselected countries in West AfricaSource: GIPB (
  • 0.70.93 0.79 0.71 0.79 0.59 0.530.750.5871.0240.494 0.4372.9950.7340.456 0.46Sorghum Maize Millet Rice Yam Groundnut Cowpea SoyabeanFarm Size (Ha) Average Yield (t/ha)Average farm size and yields of eight majorcrops in northern Ghana (Quaye, 2008)3648BSc MSc MPhil PhDHighest DegreeNumber of plant breeders at CSIR, GhanaSource: MIS, CSIR, 2011
  • A new generation of plant breederstrained in West & Central AfricaPlantBreederWell-trainedStrategicThinkerResultDrivenTeamPlayerFocusOn WACropsNew varieties
  • The Genesis of the PromiseRockefeller Foundation - Scoping Study, Dr.Eugene Terry, August 2006-to identify universities in West and Central Africa withpotentials to become the nucleus of an Africa-wide plantbreeding capacity program at the MSc. and PhD levels• Recommended a Centre for Plant Breeding at theUniversity of Ghana as the ACCI for W. & C. Africa
  • Rockefeller Assessment Mission(January 2007)- Dr. Eugene Terry, International Consultant- Prof. Ronnie Coffman, Cornell University- Prof. Vern Gracen, Cornell University- Prof. Mark Laing, ACCI, UKZN, SA- Mr. Stefan Einarson, Cornell University- Prof. Eric Danquah, University of Ghana- Prof. Samuel K. Offei, University of Ghana
  • The University of Ghana had the necessarycapacity to train a new generation of plantbreeders
  • West Africa Centre for CropImprovement• Established in June, 2007 to train 40 plant breedersover a 10-year period with AGRA-PASS grant• GCP grant to train 4 students (2008)Inauguration of WACCI, March 12, 2008 (First cohort, 8students from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Nigeria)UG
  • THE WACCI PROGRAMMEAn innovative 5-year PhD programmeFirst yearFoundation courses in plant breeding and relatedcourses at the University of Ghana
  • Pre- Enrollment English Proficiency Coursefor Francophone StudentsListening andSpeaking/Presentation skillsclassReading andAcademic Writingclass
  • 123 4671210 1391416151185Year 2 - Visiting Scientists(Advanced Modules)
  • Years III-V• Relocation of studentsto their homeinstitutions for PhDresearch work• Students return to theWACCI 3-6 months tothe end of 5th year tocomplete write-up,submit and defendthesis
  • Crop focus Cereals - Maize, Sorghum, Millet & Rice Roots and tubers - Cassava & Sweet potato Legumes - Cowpea & Groundnuts Vegetables - Tomato & PepperVegetablesLegumesRoots and tubersCereals
  • VisionTo become the foremost Centre forthe training of Plant Breeders forAfrica
  • Enrollment: 36 PhD students12 Female (33%)18 Francophone (50%)18 Anglophone (50%)Kenya8 students to enroll in Jan. 2012
  • GCP-sponsored studentsJoseph Adjabeng-DanquahDrought tolerance in cassava(SARI)Joseph BatienoDrought toleranceand M. phaseolinaresistance in cowpeaRuth N. A. ThompsonPost-harvest PhysiologicalDeterioration in Cassava(CRI)Sako DramaneQTL analysis of yieldcomponents & paniclearchitecture in sorghum (IER)
  • Partnership with 15 InstitutionsCSIR- PGRRI, GhanaCrop Services, GhanaGAEC – BNARI, GhanaCSIR – SARI, GhanaCSIR- CRI, GhanaINERA, Burkina FasoINRAN, NigerIER, MaliABU, NigeriaNRCRI, NigeriaIITA, NigeriaNIHORT, NigeriaIRAD, CameroonEmbu Agricultural Staff TrainingCollege, KenyaLAUT, Nigeria
  • Supervisory visits(Research supervision by in-country and WACCI supervisors)
  • MentoringDr. Jeffrey D. Ehlers,Cowpea Breeder/Geneticist,University of California, Riverside.Joseph BatienoGCP Sponsored Student, WACCIJefffrey and Joseph have met face-to-face at WACCIon two occasions
  • Platform for NetworkingMaxwell Asante ,Ghana(Rice)Mamadou Coulibaly(Maize)Oppong Allen,Ghana(Maize)Edgar Traore, Burkina Faso(Rice)2ndCohort1stCohort
  • Facilities• High speed internet access and a video conferencingfacility• Access to electronic resources (TEEAL & AGORA)and the Mann Library, Cornell University• Access to the Biotechnology Centre, CA&CS, UG• A maize breeding programme with irrigation facilities
  • A maize Breeding Programme• 1,750 hybrids underevaluation• Arrangement with Seed Co,Zimbabwe to test hybridvarieties in multi-locationaltrials
  • Looking AheadExploring opportunities for win-win linkagesNARIs & other AIs
  • A criticalmass ofplantbreedersworking with farmers and seedenterprises to develop improvedvarieties to spark a Green Revolution inWest and Central Africa
  • Thank youOur first cohort, March 12, 2008
  • Advisory Board31Dr. Eugene Terry, Senior Technical Advisor, TransFarmAfrica, Washington DC(Chairman)Prof. E.Y.DanquahMemberProf. S. K. OffeiMemberProf. V. GracenMemberDr. R. MadakadzeAGRA Rep.Prof. R. CoffmanMemberProf. M. LaingACCI Rep.