Biodiversity Information Networks: Dataflows for interdisciplinary sciences
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Biodiversity Information Networks: Dataflows for interdisciplinary sciences

on

  • 244 views

Danis and Parsons, presentation given at the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen, September 2011....

Danis and Parsons, presentation given at the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen, September 2011.
ANSTRACT: In this paper, we present SCAR’s Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR-MarBIN, www.scarmarbin.be), introduce the new Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF, www.biodiversity.aq) and argue that it has become vital and practicable to support an international mechanism for the exchange of scientific data. This approach allows to integrate large data volumes, and helps modern biologists to face a “data deluge” using new techniques and technologies currently developed in the field of biodiversity informatics. Biodiversity is an example of data-intensive science, and certainly requires an interdisciplinary, scalable approach to address complex systemic problems such as environmental change and its impact on marine ecosystems. This paper discusses the experience of data scientists seeking to collect, curate, and provide data during the timeframe of the International Polar Year. The data content of the SCAR-MarBIN and ANTABIF holdings has been explored, and recent published analyses are used to illustrate concrete examples. We find that while technology is a critical factor to address this dimension, the greater challenges are more socio-cultural than technical. We describe a vision of discoverable, open, linked, useful, and safe data and suggest the need for a rapid socio-technical evolution in the overall science data ecosystem.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
244
Views on SlideShare
244
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Apple Keynote

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • So starting with “Open”. I like this definition from wikipedia\n
  • OK. Linked. Again Wikipedia provides a good definition. The point is that data are more relevant and useful if they are associated and explicitly linked with other data, especially when they are linked in a way that computers can readily interpret.\n\n
  • Useful. I don’t define useful, because it depends on your perspective.\n\n
  • So if we think of interoperability of the actual data not just the metadata, there are two general approaches: A geospatial or map-based approach and a semantic approach that relies on common, well-defined concepts and relationships. Semantic work is really still in its infancy. There has been some work in specific domains and IPY has an agreement on basic terms, but major challenges remain. There has been progress in the geospatial realm.\n\n
  • \n
  • No data = no science = no knowledge\n
  • \n

Biodiversity Information Networks: Dataflows for interdisciplinary sciences Biodiversity Information Networks: Dataflows for interdisciplinary sciences Presentation Transcript

  • Biodiversity Information Networks Dataflows for interdisciplinary sciences Bruno Danis & Mark Parsons Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences National Snow & Ice Data Center www.scarmarbin.be www.biodiversity.aq
  • Layout• Background• Our vision• Achievements and products• Uptake of GBIF tools• The Future: Technological and Cultural challenges
  • Background
and
vision 3
  • Antarctic Treaty (our inspiration) « In order to promote international cooperation in scientificinvestigation in Antarctica, as provided for in Article III (1c) of the Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable: […] Scientific observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available. »
  • Special
things
about
Antarc8ca • Antarc8c
Treaty
system
(no
government) • The
Scien8fic
Community
on
Antarc8c
Research • Very
ac8ve
community • Logis8cs • Biodiversity – Highly
adapted – Mostly
marine – Probably
extremely
sensi8ve 5
  • SCAR‐MarBIN
&
AntaBIF• www.scarmarbin.be:
marine
biodiversity
informa8on
network• www.biodiversity.aq:
biodiversity
informa8on
facility• Core
funding:
BELSPO.be
(un8l
June
2012)• Interna8onal
Polar
Year
2007/08• Census
of
Antarc8c
Marine
Life• Ocean
Biogeographic
Informa8on
System• Global
Biodiversity
Informa8on
Facility

  • General philosophy• Build
an
electronic
ecosystem• Offer
free
and
open
access
to
data
and
technology• Expose
all
the
(biodiversity)
data
and
metadata,
in
mul8ple
contexts• Remain
community‐driven,
and
collabora8ve• Adopt
strong
standardiza8on• Work
for
science,
conserva8on,
management 7
  • Achievements 8
  • Taxonomy • The
first
RAMS • Board
of
60+
editors • Feeds
WoRMS,
CoL
and
EoL • 17,098
taxa
(RAMS) • Building
a
dynamic
RAS • 24,248
taxa
(RAS) 9
  • Geospa8al
data • 1,288,441
records • 198
datasets • 119
geodatasets • 5,235
taxa • Feeds
OBIS,
GBIF • Downloadable • WebGIS • Webservices 10
  • Webportals • Up since Oct 2005 • taxonomy, occurrence, metadata • vizualisation • open access • 909,915 visitors • 8,093,774 hits • >50,000,000 dld records • ANTABIF proto up 11
  • Data
products • Antarc8c
Field
Guides • Biogeography
Atlas
of
the
Southern
 Ocean • Community
projects • Incen8ves
for
publishing/reviewing
 data 12
  • Antarc8c
Field
Guides afg.biodiversity.aq• Iden8fica8on
aid• Best
available
pictures• Descrip8ons• Publica8on/sharing
plahorm
for
customized
FGs• Many
contributors• Dynamically
built
from
various
sources 13
  • Antarctic Field Guides
  • Biodiversity
Atlas
of
the
SO atlas.biodiversity.aq• Paper
and
digital
versions• Publish
thema8c
maps
• Publish
predic8ve
maps• Build
an
interac8ve
plahorm• Dynamic
genera8on
of
the
content• Capacity
building• Fill
in
gaps• 60
contributors
from
36
ins8tu8ons
in
16
countries 20
  • Gaps
in
our
knowledge BENTHOS PLANKTON
  • Gaps
in
our
knowledge 22
  • Hedgpeth
1969’s
Folio
  • (near)
Future• Beker
documenta8on• Many
data
portals• (much)
Enhanced
data
flow• The
community
feels
responsibility• Conserva8on/Management
are
factual• Op8miza8on
of
Biodiversity
research
efforts/resources 25
  • Future
Future• Expor8ng
the
model
to
other
disciplines
sounds
like
a
plan – SCADM:
Standing
Commikee
on
Antarc8c
Data
Management – SOOS:
Southern
Ocean
Observing
System• SCAR/IASC:
Going
bipolar• (much)
Enhanced
interoperability• Integra8ve,
connected
science 26
  • The
Polar
Informa8on
Commons www.polarcommons.org• Drama8c
environmental
changes• Emergency
solu8on• Setup
of
a
commons – IT

cloud – Set
of
norms• All
polar
data
(IPY)• Simple
procedure:
 – badge
dataset(s)
(describe,
choose
a
CC
Licence) – throw
it
in
the
cloud – done 27
  • Radical
openness:Data
are
discoverable,
open,
 linked,
useful,
and
safe 28
  • DiscoverableData
should
be
accessible
soon
amer
collec8on
(online
wherever
possible)
in
a
discovery
portal
such
as
the
Global
Change
Master
Directory.
  • OpenOpen
Data
is
a
philosophy
and
prac8ce
requiring
that
certain
data
are
freely
available
to
everyone,
without
restric8ons
from
copyright,
patents
or
other
mechanisms
of
control.—WikipediaAnything
else
than
Open
slows
down
processes
and
science
(and
we
don’t
have
8me).
  • LinkedThe
term
Linked
Data
is
used
to
describe
a
method
of
exposing,
sharing,
and
connec8ng
data
[using]
the
Web.—WikipediaWeb2.0
philosophy.
  • UsefulData
from
different
projects,
disciplines,
and
data
centers
should
be
 easily
understood
and
used
in
conjunc8on
with
each
other
in
 standard
tools
and
analysis
frameworksData
should
be
well
described
so
to
be
useful
for
a
broad
audience.
  • InteroperableMetadata
and
data
should
be
readily
interchangeable
between
different
polar
data
systems
to
enable
data
discovery
across
mul8ple
portals.So
we
stop
reinven8ng
the
wheel
all
the
8me...
  • SafeSafe
from
hackers,
from
obsolescence,
from
undocumented
change,
from
loss,
and
from
the
ravages
of
8me.
  • The
biggest
challenge
is
C U L T U R A L
  • Thanks www.biodiversity.aq www.polarcommons.org image
©
NY
Times
 36