Today: Traditional sublimation inks (any printing technique)
Inkjet sublimation inks
Inkjet pigmented inks for textile
Sublimation Transfer printing
Sublimation printing history
Invention by SUBLISTATIC in France, mid sixties
Development starts in fashion goods
Penetration in home furnishing in the mid eighties
Non-textile applications in development
Sublimation transfer printing: how it works
Sublimation transfer printing process (SIT-Specialty Inks’ specialty for more than 20 years, as well in traditional as in inkjet printing processes)
Phase 2 210°C, 30s Phase 1 Phase 3
Sublimation transfer printing (2) Paper: before transfer Transferred fabric Paper: after transfer
Sublimation transfer printing: A to Z
Selected disperse dyes can sublimate and have affinity for
(polyamide (PA 6.6))
coated or laminated materials polymers
Dye selection = Sensient core expertise
Only certain dyes are suitable for the production of heat transfer paper
Shade (Core range)
Dye selection: sublimation curve
Dye selection: Fastnesses and shade
Selection according to the “weakest link in the chain”
Independent on the printing technique
A minimum of number of dyes must give the maximum number of shades
Such a selection is called a core range
Result of a time-consuming screening of the sublimation dyes
Subli Inks - Fastnesses The light fastnesses have been measured at the maximal recommended dye concentration and a dilution of 1:9 (B: bluer). All other fastnesses have been measured at the maximal recommended dye concentration
Examples of application
Applications of transfer printing :
Skis and snowboards
… any polyester coated substrate.
Cotton, Silk : No
Examples of application: Textile
Examples of application: hard substrates
Examples of application: 3D
Sensient sublimation ink ranges
Sensient offer sublimation inks for all types of printing techniques
Traditional printing Inkjet printing Rotary screen Flatbed Offset
Inkjet Sublimation: a viable production process Average run length per colour way [in meters]   Stork report, 2002 Market Trend : Mass customization
Economics: IJ vs Traditional Digital vs. traditional printing square meter cost comparison
Sensient sublimation Inkjet ink ranges
S4 Subli Epson, Mimaki, Roland, Mutoh
S4 Fluo Epson, Mimaki, Roland, Mutoh
S4 IWS7 Epson, Mimaki, Roland, Mutoh
Elvajet SE 100 Epson, Mimaki, Roland, Mutoh
S4 Subli inks = standard sublimation inks
S4 Subli Yellow 781 = Y
S4 Subli Orange 765
S4 Subli Red 770 = M
S4 Subli Red 770 light = Lm
S4 Subli Blue 770 = C
S4 Subli Blue 770 light = Lc
S4 Subli Blue 774
S4 Subli Black 774 = K for textile
S4 Subli Black 795 = K for flags, banners and sportswear
S4 Subli inks – Complementors chart Coldenhove Qualimage Beaver Georg Otto Friedrich Berger 3P Textiles Monti Transmatic Klieverik Lemaire Wasatch Ergosoft Onyx Scanvec Caldera Epson Roland Mimaki Mutoh Ink Paper Printer RIP Fabric Press
The color on the paper is not right.
We can judge a color only after transfer.
Standard transfer condition
Temperature: 210°C, Time: 30s
These settings are standard for 100% PES fabrics. Depending on the substrate (fabric or hard substrate), other conditions may be more appropriate. In case of fragile substrate, it is indeed possible to reduce the temperature and still obtain an optimal transfer by increasing the transfer time.
Release is bad.
Control paper side. The rough side is usually to be used.
Control press or calendar temperature.
Suitability for outdoor application
The light fastness reachable by the dye-sub inks is in general limited. Thus a UV-protector is recommended and it is in any case necessary to test whether the end product fulfils the requirements of the application. No extrapolation for outdoor fastness should be drawn from the light fastness rating performed according to the ISO105-B02 norm, which attempts to reproduce indoor light conditions.
Which substrates are suitable for transfer?
100% PES fabric is the optimal substrate for sublimation transfer printing. However other synthetic materials (Polyamide, Polyacryl …) can be applied as long as testing has shown their suitability.