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  • 1. Plosive Consonants• Plosives: Oral stops– The air is stopped completely in the oralcavity for a brief period.– Then it explodes with the release of theclosure, producing loud-enough noise tobe heard.– English plosives:• Bilabials: /p, b/• Alveolars: /t, d/• Velars: /k, g/
  • 2. Plosive Consonants• Bilabials: /p, b/• /p/ is Voiceless, Bilabial, Plosive.Party → /ˈpɑˈ.ti/speak → /spiˈk/lip → /lɪp/• /b/ is Voiced, Bilabial, Plosive.bird → /bɜˈd/abandon → /əˈbæn.dən/cab → /kæb/
  • 3. Plosive Consonants• Alveolars: /t, d/• /t/ is Voiceless, Alveolar, Plosive.tea → /tiˈ/heater → /ˈhiˈ.tə/cut → /kʌt/• /d/ is Voiced, Alveolar, Plosive.drive → /draɪv/edit → /ˈed.ɪt/bed → /bed/
  • 4. Plosive Consonants• Velars: /k, g/• /k/ is Voiceless, Velar, Plosive.cat → /kæt/action → /ˈæk.ʃən/book → /bʊk/• /g/ is Voiced, Velar, Plosive.gift → /gɪft/eagle → /ˈiˈ.gl̩/egg → /eg/
  • 5. Plosive ConsonantsDifferencesGroup A Group B/p/ /b//t/ /d//k/ /g/
  • 6. Plosive Consonants1- Voicing- G.A → V. Cords → Open → no vibration → voiceless.- G.B → V. Cords → Closed gently → vibration → Voiced.2- Production:-- G.A is difficult to produce. We need effort.- G.B is easy.- Perception:- G.A is difficult to be heard.G.B is easy to be heard.
  • 7. Plosive Consonants3- Length:-- Voiceless plosives Shorten the preceding Vowel.For example:- heart [hɑ•t ] , hard [ha:d].4- Aspiration:-- G.A has aspiration. For example:- pet [phet].- G.B has no aspiration. For example:- bet [bet].
  • 8. Plosive ConsonantsAspirationThe phenomenon in which a small“puff of air” escapes through the vocalfolds after the release phase. It istranscribed as [ Ch].
  • 9. Plosive ConsonantsRules of Aspiration1- Voiceless plosive + a vowel sound → aspirated./p/ pen → /pen/ → [phen]/t/ ten → /ten/ → [then]/k/ cat → /kæt/ → [khæt]
  • 10. Plosive ConsonantsRules of Aspiration2- /s/ + Voiceless plosive → unaspirated./p/ spy → /spaı/ → [spaı]/t/ stay → /steı/ → [steı]/k/ sky → /skaı/ → [skaı]
  • 11. Plosive ConsonantsRules of Aspiration3- Voiceless plosives in final position →unaspirated./p/ stop → /stɒp/ → [stɒp]/t/ start → /start/ → [start]/k/ take → /teık/ → [teık]
  • 12. Thanks for listeningDone byFarhad Ahmad