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Apocrypha Apocrypha Document Transcript

  • THE RiseIsrael.com STUDY APOCRYPHA KING JAMES VERSION THE NAMES AND ORDER OF THE BOOKS CALLED THE APOCRYPHA WITH THE NUMBER OF THEIR CHAPTERS PageI Esdras (9 chapters) 2II Esdras (16) 22Tobit (14) 50Judith (16) 60The rest of Esther (6) 76The Wisdom of Solomon (19) 80Ecclesiasticus (51) 97Baruch, with the Epistle of Jeremiah (6) 142The Song of the Three Holy Children (1) 150The History of Susanna (1) 152Bel and the Dragon (1) 154The Prayer of Manasses (1) 156I Maccabees (16) 157II Maccabees (15) 189 1
  • 1st Esdras Also known as the 3rd Ezra calves.And Josias held the feast of the passover 10: And when these things were done, thein Jerusalem unto his Lord, and offered priests and Levites, having the unleavenedthe passover the fourteenth day of the bread, stood in very comely order accord-first month; ing to the kindreds,2: Having set the priests according to their 11: And according to the several dignitiesdaily courses, being arrayed in long gar- of the fathers, before the people, to offerments, in the temple of the Lord. to the Lord, as it is written in the book of3: And he spake unto the Levites, the holy Moses: and thus did they in the morning.ministers of Israel, that they should hallow 12: And they roasted the passover withthemselves unto the Lord, to set the holy fire, as appertaineth: as for the sacrifices,ark of the Lord in the house that king they sod them in brass pots and pans withSolomon the son of David had built: a good savour,4: And said, Ye shall no more bear the ark 13: And set them before all the people:upon your shoulders: now therefore serve and afterward they prepared for them-the Lord your God, and minister unto his selves, and for the priests their brethren,people Israel, and prepare you after your the sons of Aaron.families and kindreds, 14: For the priests offered the fat until5: According as David the king of Israel night: and the Levites prepared for them-prescribed, and according to the magnifi- selves, and the priests their brethren, thecence of Solomon his son: and standing in sons of Aaron.the temple according to the several dignity 15: The holy singers also, the sons of As-of the families of you the Levites, who aph, were in their order, according to theminister in the presence of your brethren appointment of David, to wit, Asaph,the children of Israel, Zacharias, and Jeduthun, who was of the6: Offer the passover in order, and make kings retinue.ready the sacrifices for your brethren, and 16: Moreover the porters were at everykeep the passover according to the com- gate; it was not lawful for any to go frommandment of the Lord, which was given his ordinary service: for their brethren theunto Moses. Levites prepared for them.7: And unto the people that was found 17: Thus were the things that belonged tothere Josias gave thirty thousand lambs the sacrifices of the Lord accomplished inand kids, and three thousand calves: these that day, that they might hold the pass-things were given of the kings allowance, over,according as he promised, to the people, 18: And offer sacrifices upon the altar ofto the priests, and to the Levites. the Lord, according to the commandment8: And Helkias, Zacharias, and Syelus, the of king Josias.governors of the temple, gave to the 19: So the children of Israel which werepriests for the passover two thousand and present held the passover at that time, andsix hundred sheep, and three hundred the feast of sweet bread seven days.calves. 20: And such a passover was not kept in9: And Jeconias, and Samaias, and Na- Israel since the time of the prophet Sam-thanael his brother, and Assabias, and uel.Ochiel, and Joram, captains over thou- 21: Yea, all the kings of Israel held notsands, gave to the Levites for the passover such a passover as Josias, and the priests,five thousand sheep, and seven hundred 2
  • and the Levites, and the Jews, held with all 33: These things are written in the book ofIsrael that were found dwelling at Jerusa- the stories of the kings of Judah, andlem. every one of the acts that Josias did, and22: In the eighteenth year of the reign of his glory, and his understanding in the lawJosias was this passover kept. of the Lord, and the things that he had23: And the works or Josias were upright done before, and the things now recited,before his Lord with an heart full of godli- are reported in the book of the kings ofness. Israel and Judea.24: As for the things that came to pass in 34: And the people took Joachaz the sonhis time, they were written in former of Josias, and made him king instead oftimes, concerning those that sinned, and Josias his father, when he was twenty anddid wickedly against the Lord above all three years old.people and kingdoms, and how they 35: And he reigned in Judea and in Jerusa-grieved him exceedingly, so that the words lem three months: and then the king ofof the Lord rose up against Israel. Egypt deposed him from reigning in Jeru-25: Now after all these acts of Josias it salem.came to pass, that Pharaoh the king of 36: And he set a tax upon the land of anEgypt came to raise war at Carchamis hundred talents of silver and one talent ofupon Euphrates: and Josias went out gold.against him. 37: The king of Egypt also made king26: But the king of Egypt sent to him, Joacim his brother king of Judea and Jeru-saying, What have I to do with thee, O salem.king of Judea? 38: And he bound Joacim and the nobles:27: I am not sent out from the Lord God but Zaraces his brother he apprehended,against thee; for my war is upon Euphra- and brought him out of Egypt.tes: and now the Lord is with me, yea, the 39: Five and twenty years old was JoacimLord is with me hasting me forward: de- when he was made king in the land ofpart from me, and be not against the Judea and Jerusalem; and he did evil be-Lord. fore the Lord.28: Howbeit Josias did not turn back his 40: Wherefore against him Nabucho-chariot from him, but undertook to fight donosor the king of Babylon came up,with him, not regarding the words of the and bound him with a chain of brass, andprophet Jeremy spoken by the mouth of carried him into Babylon.the Lord: 41: Nabuchodonosor also took of the holy29: But joined battle with him in the plain vessels of the Lord, and carried themof Magiddo, and the princes came against away, and set them in his own temple atking Josias. Babylon.30: Then said the king unto his servants, 42: But those things that are recorded ofCarry me away out of the battle; for I am him, and of his uncleaness and impiety,very weak. And immediately his servants are written in the chronicles of the kings.took him away out of the battle. 43: And Joacim his son reigned in his31: Then gat he up upon his second char- stead: he was made king being eighteeniot; and being brought back to Jerusalem years old;died, and was buried in his fathers sepul- 44: And reigned but three months and tenchre. days in Jerusalem; and did evil before the32: And in all Jewry they mourned for Lord.Josias, yea, Jeremy the prophet lamented 45: So after a year Nabuchodonosor sentfor Josias, and the chief men with the and caused him to be brought into Baby-women made lamentation for him unto lon with the holy vessels of the Lord;this day: and this was given out for an 46: And made Zedechias king of Judeaordinance to be done continually in all the and Jerusalem, when he was one andnation of Israel. twenty years old; and he reigned eleven 3
  • years: shall she rest, until the full term of seventy47: And he did evil also in the sight of the years.Lord, and cared not for the words thatwere spoken unto him by the prophetJeremy from the mouth of the Lord. CHAPTER 248: And after that king Nabuchodonosorhad made him to swear by the name of In the first year of Cyrus king of the Per-the Lord, he forswore himself, and re- sians, that the word of the Lord might bebelled; and hardening his neck, his heart, accomplished, that he had promised byhe transgressed the laws of the Lord God the mouth of Jeremy;of Israel. 2: The Lord raised up the spirit of Cyrus49: The governors also of the people and the king of the Persians, and he madeof the priests did many things against the proclamation through all his kingdom, andlaws, and passed all the pollutions of all also by writing,nations, and defiled the temple of the 3: Saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of theLord, which was sanctified in Jerusalem. Persians; The Lord of Israel, the most50: Nevertheless the God of their fathers high Lord, hath made me king of thesent by his messenger to call them back, whole world,because he spared them and his tabernacle 4: And commanded me to build him analso. house at Jerusalem in Jewry.51: But they had his messengers in deri- 5: If therefore there be any of you that aresion; and, look, when the Lord spake unto of his people, let the Lord, even his Lord,them, they made a sport of his prophets: be with him, and let him go up to Jerusa-52: So far forth, that he, being wroth with lem that is in Judea, and build the househis people for their great ungodliness, of the Lord of Israel: for he is the Lordcommanded the kings of the Chaldees to that dwelleth in Jerusalem.come up against them; 6: Whosoever then dwell in the places53: Who slew their young men with the about, let them help him, those, I say, thatsword, yea, even within the compass of are his neighbours, with gold, and withtheir holy temple, and spared neither silver,young man nor maid, old man nor child, 7: With gifts, with horses, and with cattle,among them; for he delivered all into their and other things, which have been sethands. forth by vow, for the temple of the Lord54: And they took all the holy vessels of at Jerusalem.the Lord, both great and small, with the 8: Then the chief of the families of Judeavessels of the ark of God, and the kings and of the tribe of Benjamin stood up; thetreasures, and carried them away into priests also, and the Levites, and all theyBabylon. whose mind the Lord had moved to go55: As for the house of the Lord, they up, and to build an house for the Lord atburnt it, and brake down the walls of Jeru- Jerusalem,salem, and set fire upon her towers: 9: And they that dwelt round about them,56: And as for her glorious things, they and helped them in all things with silvernever ceased till they had consumed and and gold, with horses and cattle, and withbrought them all to nought: and the peo- very many free gifts of a great numberple that were not slain with the sword he whose minds were stirred up thereto.carried unto Babylon: 10: King Cyrus also brought forth the57: Who became servants to him and his holy vessels, which Nabuchodonosor hadchildren, till the Persians reigned, to fulfil carried away from Jerusalem, and had setthe word of the Lord spoken by the up in his temple of idols.mouth of Jeremy: 11: Now when Cyrus king of the Persians58: Until the land had enjoyed her sab- had brought them forth, he deliveredbaths, the whole time of her desolation them to Mithridates his treasurer: 4
  • 12: And by him they were delivered to thee, O lord the king, that if this city beSanabassar the governor of Judea. built again, and the walls thereof set up13: And this was the number of them; A anew, thou shalt from henceforth have nothousand golden cups, and a thousand of passage into Celosyria and Phenice.silver, censers of silver twenty nine, vials 25: Then the king wrote back again toof gold thirty, and of silver two thousand Rathumus the storywriter, to Beeltethmus,four hundred and ten, and a thousand to Semellius the scribe, and to the rest thatother vessels. were in commission, and dwellers in14: So all the vessels of gold and of silver, Samaria and Syria and Phenice, after thiswhich were carried away, were five thou- manner;sand four hundred threescore and nine. 26: I have read the epistle which ye have15: These were brought back by Sanabas- sent unto me: therefore I commanded tosar, together with them of the captivity, make diligent search, and it hath beenfrom Babylon to Jerusalem. found that that city was from the begin-16: But in the time of Artexerxes king of ning practising against kings;the Persians Belemus, and Mithridates, 27: And the men therein were given toand Tabellius, and Rathumus, and rebellion and war: and that mighty kingsBeeltethmus, and Semellius the secretary, and fierce were in Jerusalem, who reignedwith others that were in commission with and exacted tributes in Celosyria andthem, dwelling in Samaria and other Phenice.places, wrote unto him against them that 28: Now therefore I have commanded todwelt in Judea and Jerusalem these letters hinder those men from building the city,following; and heed to be taken that there be no17: To king Artexerxes our lord, Thy ser- more done in it;vants, Rathumus the storywriter, and Se- 29: And that those wicked workers pro-mellius the scribe, and the rest of their ceed no further to the annoyance of kings,council, and the judges that are in Celo- 30: Then king Artexerxes his letters beingsyria and Phenice. read, Rathumus, and Semellius the scribe,18: Be it now known to the lord king, that and the rest that were in commission withthe Jews that are up from you to us, being them, removing in haste toward Jerusalemcome into Jerusalem, that rebellious and with a troop of horsemen and a multitudewicked city, do build the marketplaces, of people in battle array, began to hinderand repair the walls of it and do lay the the builders; and the building of the tem-foundation of the temple. ple in Jerusalem ceased until the second19: Now if this city and the walls thereof year of the reign of Darius king of thebe made up again, they will not only re- Persians.fuse to give tribute, but also rebel againstkings.20: And forasmuch as the things pertain- CHAPTER 3ing to the temple are now in hand, wethink it meet not to neglect such a matter, Now when Darius reigned, he made a21: But to speak unto our lord the king, to great feast unto all his subjects, and untothe intent that, if it be thy pleasure it may all his household, and unto all the princesbe sought out in the books of thy fathers: of Media and Persia,22: And thou shalt find in the chronicles 2: And to all the governors and captainswhat is written concerning these things, and lieutenants that were under him, fromand shalt understand that that city was India unto Ethiopia, of an hundred twentyrebellious, troubling both kings and cities: and seven provinces.23: And that the Jews were rebellious, and 3: And when they had eaten and drunken,raised always wars therein; for the which and being satisfied were gone home, thencause even this city was made desolate. Darius the king went into his bedchamber,24: Wherefore now we do declare unto and slept, and soon after awaked. 5
  • 4: Then three young men, that were of the bondman and of the freeman, of the poorguard that kept the kings body, spake one man and of the rich:to another; 20: It turneth also every thought into jol-5: Let every one of us speak a sentence: he lity and mirth, so that a man remembereththat shall overcome, and whose sentence neither sorrow nor debt:shall seem wiser than the others, unto him 21: And it maketh every heart rich, so thatshall the king Darius give great gifts, and a man remembereth neither king nor gov-great things in token of victory: ernor; and it maketh to speak all things by6: As, to be clothed in purple, to drink in talents:gold, and to sleep upon gold, and a chariot 22: And when they are in their cups, theywith bridles of gold, and an headtire of forget their love both to friends andfine linen, and a chain about his neck: brethren, and a little after draw out7: And he shall sit next to Darius because swords:of his wisdom, and shall be called Darius 23: But when they are from the wine, theyhis cousin. remember not what they have done.8: And then every one wrote his sentence, 24: O ye men, is not wine the strongest,sealed it, and laid it under king Darius his that enforceth to do thus? And when hepillow; had so spoken, he held his peace.9: And said that, when the king is risen,some will give him the writings; and ofwhose side the king and the three princes CHAPTER 4of Persia shall judge that his sentence isthe wisest, to him shall the victory be Then the second, that had spoken of thegiven, as was appointed. strength of the king, began to say,10: The first wrote, Wine is the strongest. 2: O ye men, do not men excel in strength11: The second wrote, The king is strong- that bear rule over sea and land and allest. things in them?12: The third wrote, Women are strongest: 3: But yet the king is more mighty: for hebut above all things Truth beareth away is lord of all these things, and hath domin-the victory. ion over them; and whatsoever he com-13: Now when the king was risen up, they mandeth them they do.took their writings, and delivered them 4: If he bid them make war the oneunto him, and so he read them: against the other, they do it: if he send14: And sending forth he called all the them out against the enemies, they go, andprinces of Persia and Media, and the gov- break down mountains walls and towers.ernors, and the captains, and the lieuten- 5: They slay and are slain, and transgressants, and the chief officers; not the kings commandment: if they get15: And sat him down in the royal seat of the victory, they bring all to the king, asjudgment; and the writings were read be- well the spoil, as all things else.fore them. 6: Likewise for those that are no soldiers,16: And he said, Call the young men, and and have not to do with wars, but usethey shall declare their own sentences. So husbundry, when they have reaped againthey were called, and came in. that which they had sown, they bring it to17: And he said unto them, Declare unto the king, and compel one another to payus your mind concerning the writings. tribute unto the king.Then began the first, who had spoken of 7: And yet he is but one man: if he com-the strength of wine; mand to kill, they kill; if he command to18: And he said thus, O ye men, how ex- spare, they spare;ceeding strong is wine! it causeth all men 8: If he command to smite, they smite; ifto err that drink it: he command to make desolate, they make19: It maketh the mind of the king and of desolate; if he command to build, theythe fatherless child to be all one; of the build; 6
  • 9: If he command to cut down, they cut spoiled, and robbed, he bringeth it to hisdown; if he command to plant, they plant. love.10: So all his people and his armies obey 25: Wherefore a man loveth his wife bet-him: furthermore he lieth down, he eateth ter than father or mother.and drinketh, and taketh his rest: 26: Yea, many there be that have run out11: And these keep watch round about of their wits for women, and become ser-him, neither may any one depart, and do vants for their sakes.his own business, neither disobey they 27: Many also have perished, have erred,him in any thing. and sinned, for women.12: O ye men, how should not the king be 28: And now do ye not believe me? is notmightiest, when in such sort he is obeyed? the king great in his power? do not allAnd he held his tongue. regions fear to touch him?13: Then the third, who had spoken of 29: Yet did I see him and Apame thewomen, and of the truth, (this was kings concubine, the daughter of the ad-Zorobabel) began to speak. mirable Bartacus, sitting at the right hand14: O ye men, it is not the great king, nor of the king,the multitude of men, neither is it wine, 30: And taking the crown from the kingsthat excelleth; who is it then that ruleth head, and setting it upon her own head;them, or hath the lordship over them? are she also struck the king with her left hand.they not women? 31: And yet for all this the king gaped and15: Women have borne the king and all gazed upon her with open mouth: if shethe people that bear rule by sea and land. laughed upon him, he laughed also: but if16: Even of them came they: and they she took any displeasure at him, the kingnourished them up that planted the vine- was fain to flatter, that she might be rec-yards, from whence the wine cometh. onciled to him again.17: These also make garments for men; 32: O ye men, how can it be but womenthese bring glory unto men; and without should be strong, seeing they do thus?women cannot men be. 33: Then the king and the princes looked18: Yea, and if men have gathered to- one upon another: so he began to speakgether gold and silver, or any other goodly of the truth.thing, do they not love a woman which is 34: O ye men, are not women strong?comely in favour and beauty? great is the earth, high is the heaven, swift19: And letting all those things go, do they is the sun in his course, for he compassethnot gape, and even with open mouth fix the heavens round about, and fetcheth histheir eyes fast on her; and have not all course again to his own place in one day.men more desire unto her than unto silver 35: Is he not great that maketh theseor gold, or any goodly thing whatsoever? things? therefore great is the truth, and20: A man leaveth his own father that stronger than all things.brought him up, and his own country, and 36: All the earth crieth upon the truth, andcleaveth unto his wife. the heaven blesseth it: all works shake and21: He sticketh not to spend his life with tremble at it, and with it is no unrighteoushis wife. and remembereth neither father, thing.nor mother, nor country. 37: Wine is wicked, the king is wicked,22: By this also ye must know that women women are wicked, all the children of menhave dominion over you: do ye not labour are wicked, and such are all their wickedand toil, and give and bring all to the works; and there is no truth in them; inwoman? their unrighteousness also they shall per-23: Yea, a man taketh his sword, and ish.goeth his way to rob and to steal, to sail 38: As for the truth, it endureth, and isupon the sea and upon rivers; always strong; it liveth and conquereth for24: And looketh upon a lion, and goeth in evermore.the darkness; and when he hath stolen, 39: With her there is no accepting of per- 7
  • sons or rewards; but she doeth the things should forcibly enter into their doors;that are just, and refraineth from all unjust 50: And that all the country which theyand wicked things; and all men do well hold should be free without tribute; andlike of her works. that the Edomites should give over the40: Neither in her judgment is any un- villages of the Jews which then they held:righteousness; and she is the strength, 51: Yea, that there should be yearly givenkingdom, power, and majesty, of all ages. twenty talents to the building of the tem-Blessed be the God of truth. ple, until the time that it were built;41: And with that he held his peace. And 52: And other ten talents yearly, to main-all the people then shouted, and said, tain the burnt offerings upon the altarGreat is Truth, and mighty above all every day, as they had a commandment tothings. offer seventeen:42: Then said the king unto him, Ask what 53: And that all they that went from Baby-thou wilt more than is appointed in the lon to build the city should have free lib-writing, and we will give it thee, because erty, as well they as their posterity, and allthou art found wisest; and thou shalt sit the priests that went away.next me, and shalt be called my cousin. 54: He wrote also concerning. the charges,43: Then said he unto the king, Remem- and the priests vestments wherein theyber thy vow, which thou hast vowed to minister;build Jerusalem, in the day when thou 55: And likewise for the charges of thecamest to thy kingdom, Levites, to be given them until the day44: And to send away all the vessels that that the house were finished, and Jerusa-were taken away out of Jerusalem, which lem builded up.Cyrus set apart, when he vowed to destroy 56: And he commanded to give to all thatBabylon, and to send them again thither. kept the city pensions and wages.45: Thou also hast vowed to build up the 57: He sent away also all the vessels fromtemple, which the Edomites burned when Babylon, that Cyrus had set apart; and allJudea was made desolate by the Chaldees. that Cyrus had given in commandment,46: And now, O lord the king, this is that the same charged he also to be done, andwhich I require, and which I desire of sent unto Jerusalem.thee, and this is the princely liberality pro- 58: Now when this young man was goneceeding from thyself: I desire therefore forth, he lifted up his face to heaven to-that thou make good the vow, the per- ward Jerusalem, and praised the King offormance whereof with thine own mouth heaven,thou hast vowed to the King of heaven. 59: And said, From thee cometh victory,47: Then Darius the king stood up, and from thee cometh wisdom, and thine iskissed him, and wrote letters for him unto the glory, and I am thy servant.all the treasurers and lieutenants and cap- 60: Blessed art thou, who hast given metains and governors, that they should wisdom: for to thee I give thanks, O Lordsafely convey on their way both him, and of our fathers.all those that go up with him to build Jeru- 61: And so he took the letters, and wentsalem. out, and came unto Babylon, and told it all48: He wrote letters also unto the lieuten- his brethren.ants that were in Celosyria and Phenice, 62: And they praised the God of theirand unto them in Libanus, that they fathers, because he had given them free-should bring cedar wood from Libanus dom and libertyunto Jerusalem, and that they should build 63: To go up, and to build Jerusalem, andthe city with him. the temple which is called by his name:49: Moreover he wrote for all the Jews and they feasted with instruments of mu-that went out of his realm up into Jewry, sick and gladness seven days.concerning their freedom, that no officer,no ruler, no lieutenant, nor treasurer, 8
  • CHAPTER 5 of Bani, six hundred forty and eight:After this were the principal men of the 13: The sons of Bebai, six hundred twenty and three: the sons of Sadas, three thou-families chosen according to their tribes, sand two hundred twenty and two:to go up with their wives and sons and 14: The sons of Adonikam, six hundreddaughters, with their menservants and sixty and seven: the sons of Bagoi, twomaidservants, and their cattle. thousand sixty and six: the sons of Adin,2: And Darius sent with them a thousand four hundred fifty and four:horsemen, till they had brought them back 15: The sons of Aterezias, ninety and two:to Jerusalem safely, and with musical the sons of Ceilan and Azetas threescore[instruments] tabrets and flutes. and seven: the sons of Azuran, four hun-3: And all their brethren played, and he dred thirty and two:made them go up together with them. 16: The sons of Ananias, an hundred and4: And these are the names of the men one: the sons of Arom, thirty two: and thewhich went up, according to their families sons of Bassa, three hundred twenty andamong their tribes, after their several three: the sons of Azephurith, an hundredheads. and two:5: The priests, the sons of Phinees the son 17: The sons of Meterus, three thousandof Aaron: Jesus the son of Josedec, the and five: the sons of Bethlomon, an hun-son of Saraias, and Joacim the son of dred twenty and three:Zorobabel, the son of Salathiel, of the 18: They of Netophah, fifty and five: theyhouse of David, out of the kindred of of Anathoth, an hundred fifty and eight:Phares, of the tribe of Judah; they of Bethsamos, forty and two:6: Who spake wise sentences before 19: They of Kiriathiarius, twenty and five:Darius the king of Persia in the second they of Caphira and Beroth, seven hun-year of his reign, in the month Nisan, dred forty and three: they of Pira, sevenwhich is the first month. hundred:7: And these are they of Jewry that came 20: They of Chadias and Ammidoi, fourup from the captivity, where they dwelt as hundred twenty and two: they of Ciramastrangers, whom Nabuchodonosor the and Gabdes, six hundred twenty and one:king of Babylon had carried away unto 21: They of Macalon, an hundred twentyBabylon. and two: they of Betolius, fifty and two:8: And they returned unto Jerusalem, and the sons of Nephis, an hundred fifty andto the other parts of Jewry, every man to six:his own city, who came with Zorobabel, 22: The sons of Calamolalus and Onus,with Jesus, Nehemias, and Zacharias, and seven hundred twenty and five: the sonsReesaias, Enenius, Mardocheus. Beelsarus, of Jerechus, two hundred forty and five:Aspharasus, Reelius, Roimus, and Baana, 23: The sons of Annas, three thousandtheir guides. three hundred and thirty.9: The number of them of the nation, and 24: The priests: the sons of Jeddu, the sontheir governors, sons of Phoros, two of Jesus among the sons of Sanasib, ninethousand an hundred seventy and two; the hundred seventy and two: the sons ofsons of Saphat, four hundred seventy and Meruth, a thousand fifty and two:two: 25: The sons of Phassaron, a thousand10: The sons of Ares, seven hundred fifty forty and seven: the sons of Carme, aand six: thousand and seventeen.11: The sons of Phaath Moab, two thou- 26: The Levites: the sons of Jessue, andsand eight hundred and twelve: Cadmiel, and Banuas, and Sudias, seventy12: The sons of Elam, a thousand two and four.hundred fifty and four: the sons of Zathul, 27: The holy singers: the sons of Asaph,nine hundred forty and five: the sons of an hundred twenty and eight.Corbe, seven hundred and five: the sons 28: The porters: the sons of Salum, the 9
  • sons of Jatal, the sons of Talmon, the sons and was named after his name.of Dacobi, the sons of Teta, the sons of 39: And when the description of the kin-Sami, in all an hundred thirty and nine. dred of these men was sought in the regis-29: The servants of the temple: the sons ter, and was not found, they were re-of Esau, the sons of Asipha, the sons of moved from executing the office of theTabaoth, the sons of Ceras, the sons of priesthood:Sud, the sons of Phaleas, the sons of La- 40: For unto them said Nehemias andbana, the sons of Graba, Atharias, that they should not be partakers30: The sons of Acua, the sons of Uta, the of the holy things, till there arose up ansons of Cetab, the sons of Agaba, the sons high priest clothed with doctrine andof Subai, the sons of Anan, the sons of truth.Cathua, the sons of Geddur, 41: So of Israel, from them of twelve years31: The sons of Airus, the sons of Daisan, old and upward, they were all in numberthe sons of Noeba, the sons of Chaseba, forty thousand, beside menservants andthe sons of Gazera, the sons of Azia, the womenservants two thousand three hun-sons of Phinees, the sons of Azare, the dred and sixty.sons of Bastai, the sons of Asana, the sons 42: Their menservants and handmaidsof Meani, the sons of Naphisi, the sons of were seven thousand three hundred fortyAcub, the sons of Acipha, the sons of and seven: the singing men and singingAssur, the sons of Pharacim, the sons of women, two hundred forty and five:Basaloth, 43: Four hundred thirty and five camels,32: The sons of Meeda, the sons of seven thousand thirty and six horses, twoCoutha, the sons of Charea, the sons of hundred forty and five mules, five thou-Charcus, the sons of Aserer, the sons of sand five hundred twenty and five beastsThomoi, the sons of Nasith, the sons of used to the yoke.Atipha. 44: And certain of the chief of their fami-33: The sons of the servants of Solomon: lies, when they came to the temple of Godthe sons of Azaphion, the sons of Pharira, that is in Jerusalem, vowed to set up thethe sons of Jeeli, the sons of Lozon, the house again in his own place according tosons of Israel, the sons of Sapheth, their ability,34: The sons of Hagia, the sons of Phara- 45: And to give into the holy treasury ofcareth, the sons of Sabi, the sons of the works a thousand pounds of gold, fiveSarothie, the sons of Masias, the sons of thousand of silver, and an hundredGar, the sons of Addus, the sons of Suba, priestly vestments.the sons of Apherra, the sons of Barodis, 46: And so dwelt the priests and the Le-the sons of Sabat, the sons of Allom. vites and the people in Jerusalem, and in35: All the ministers of the temple, and the country, the singers also and the por-the sons of the servants of Solomon, were ters; and all Israel in their villages.three hundred seventy and two. 47: But when the seventh month was at36: These came up from Thermeleth and hand, and when the children of IsraelThelersas, Charaathalar leading them, and were every man in his own place, theyAalar; came all together with one consent into37: Neither could they shew their families, the open place of the first gate which isnor their stock, how they were of Israel: toward the east.the sons of Ladan, the son of Ban, the 48: Then stood up Jesus the son ofsons of Necodan, six hundred fifty and Josedec, and his brethren the priests andtwo. Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and his38: And of the priests that usurped the brethren, and made ready the altar of theoffice of the priesthood, and were not God of Israel,found: the sons of Obdia, the sons of 49: To offer burnt sacrifices upon it, ac-Accoz, the sons of Addus, who married cording as it is expressly commanded inAugia one of the daughters of Barzelus, the book of Moses the man of God. 10
  • 50: And there were gathered unto them vestments with musical instruments andout of the other nations of the land, and trumpets; and the Levites the sons of As-they erected the altar upon his own place, aph had cymbals,because all the nations of the land were at 60: Singing songs of thanksgiving, andenmity with them, and oppressed them; praising the Lord, according as David theand they offered sacrifices according to king of Israel had ordained.the time, and burnt offerings to the Lord 61: And they sung with loud voices songsboth morning and evening. to the praise of the Lord, because his51: Also they held the feast of tabernacles, mercy and glory is for ever in all Israel.as it is commanded in the law, and offered 62: And all the people sounded trumpets,sacrifices daily, as was meet: and shouted with a loud voice, singing52: And after that, the continual oblations, songs of thanksgiving unto the Lord forand the sacrifice of the sabbaths, and of the rearing up of the house of the Lord.the new moons, and of all holy feasts. 63: Also of the priests and Levites, and of53: And all they that had made any vow to the chief of their families, the ancientsGod began to offer sacrifices to God who had seen the former house came tofrom the first day of the seventh month, the building of this with weeping andalthough the temple of the Lord was not great crying.yet built. 64: But many with trumpets and joy54: And they gave unto the masons and shouted with loud voice,carpenters money, meat, and drink, with 65: Insomuch that the trumpets might notcheerfulness. be heard for the weeping of the people:55: Unto them of Zidon also and Tyre yet the multitude sounded marvellously,they gave carrs, that they should bring so that it was heard afar off.cedar trees from Libanus, which should be 66: Wherefore when the enemies of thebrought by floats to the haven of Joppa, tribe of Judah and Benjamin heard it, theyaccording as it was commanded them by came to know what that noise of trumpetsCyrus king of the Persians. should mean.56: And in the second year and second 67: And they perceived that they that weremonth after his coming to the temple of of the captivity did build the temple untoGod at Jerusalem began Zorobabel the the Lord God of Israel.son of Salathiel, and Jesus the son of 68: So they went to Zorobabel and Jesus,Josedec, and their brethren, and the and to the chief of the families, and saidpriests, and the Levites, and all they that unto them, We will build together withwere come unto Jerusalem out of the cap- you.tivity: 69: For we likewise, as ye, do obey your57: And they laid the foundation of the Lord, and do sacrifice unto him from thehouse of God in the first day of the sec- days of Azbazareth the king of the Assyr-ond month, in the second year after they ians, who brought us hither.were come to Jewry and Jerusalem. 70: Then Zorobabel and Jesus and the58: And they appointed the Levites from chief of the families of Israel said untotwenty years old over the works of the them, It is not for us and you to buildLord. Then stood up Jesus, and his sons together an house unto the Lord our God.and brethren, and Cadmiel his brother, 71: We ourselves alone will build unto theand the sons of Madiabun, with the sons Lord of Israel, according as Cyrus the kingof Joda the son of Eliadun, with their sons of the Persians hath commanded us.and brethren, all Levites, with one accord 72: But the heathen of the land lyingsetters forward of the business, labouring heavy upon the inhabitants of Judea, andto advance the works in the house of holding them strait, hindered their build-God. So the workmen built the temple of ing;the Lord. 73: And by their secret plots, and popular59: And the priests stood arrayed in their persuasions and commotions, they hin- 11
  • dered the finishing of the building all the 11: Then asked we these elders, saying, Bytime that king Cyrus lived: so they were whose commandment build ye this house,hindered from building for the space of and lay the foundations of these works?two years, until the reign of Darius. 12: Therefore to the intent that we might give knowledge unto thee by writing, we demanded of them who were the chief CHAPTER 6 doers, and we required of them the namesNow in the second year of the reign of in writing of their principal men. 13: So they gave us this answer, We areDarius Aggeus and Zacharias the son of the servants of the Lord which madeAddo, the prophets, prophesied unto the heaven and earth.Jews in Jewry and Jerusalem in the name 14: And as for this house, it was buildedof the Lord God of Israel, which was many years ago by a king of Israel greatupon them. and strong, and was finished.2: Then stood up Zorobabel the son of 15: But when our fathers provoked GodSalatiel, and Jesus the son of Josedec, and unto wrath, and sinned against the Lordbegan to build the house of the Lord at of Israel which is in heaven, he gave themJerusalem, the prophets of the Lord being over into the power of Nabuchodonosorwith them, and helping them. king of Babylon, of the Chaldees;3: At the same time came unto them Sisin- 16: Who pulled down the house, andnes the governor of Syria and Phenice, burned it, and carried away the peoplewith Sathrabuzanes and his companions, captives unto Babylon.and said unto them, 17: But in the first year that king Cyrus4: By whose appointment do ye build this reigned over the country of Babylonhouse and this roof, and perform all the Cyrus the king wrote to build up thisother things? and who are the workmen house.that perform these things? 18: And the holy vessels of gold and of5: Nevertheless the elders of the Jews silver, that Nabuchodonosor had carriedobtained favour, because the Lord had away out of the house at Jerusalem, andvisited the captivity; had set them in his own temple those6: And they were not hindered from Cyrus the king brought forth again out ofbuilding, until such time as signification the temple at Babylon, and they were de-was given unto Darius concerning them, livered to Zorobabel and to Sanabassarusand an answer received. the ruler,7: The copy of the letters which Sisinnes, 19: With commandment that he shouldgovernor of Syria and Phenice, and carry away the same vessels, and put themSathrabuzanes, with their companions, in the temple at Jerusalem; and that therulers in Syria and Phenice, wrote and sent temple of the Lord should be built in hisunto Darius; To king Darius, greeting: place.8: Let all things be known unto our lord 20: Then the same Sanabassarus, beingthe king, that being come into the country come hither, laid the foundations of theof Judea, and entered into the city of Jeru- house of the Lord at Jerusalem; and fromsalem we found in the city of Jerusalem that time to this being still a building, it isthe ancients of the Jews that were of the not yet fully ended.captivity 21: Now therefore, if it seem good unto9: Building an house unto the Lord, great the king, let search be made among theand new, of hewn and costly stones, and records of king Cyrus:the timber already laid upon the walls. 22: And if it be found that the building of10: And those works are done with great the house of the Lord at Jerusalem hathspeed, and the work goeth on prosper- been done with the consent of king Cyrus,ously in their hands, and with all glory and and if our lord the king be so minded, letdiligence is it made. him signify unto us thereof. 12
  • 23: Then commanded king Darius to seek any thing afore spoken or written, out ofamong the records at Babylon: and so at his own house should a tree be taken, andEcbatane the palace, which is in the coun- he thereon be hanged, and all his goodstry of Media, there was found a roll seized for the king.wherein these things were recorded. 33: The Lord therefore, whose name is24: In the first year of the reign of Cyrus there called upon, utterly destroy everyking Cyrus commanded that the house of king and nation, that stretcheth out histhe Lord at Jerusalem should be built hand to hinder or endamage that house ofagain, where they do sacrifice with contin- the Lord in Jerusalem.ual fire: 34: I Darius the king have ordained that25: Whose height shall be sixty cubits and according unto these things it be donethe breadth sixty cubits, with three rows with diligence.of hewn stones, and one row of newwood of that country; and the expencesthereof to be given out of the house of CHAPTER 7king Cyrus:26: And that the holy vessels of the house Then Sisinnes the governor of Celosyriaof the Lord, both of gold and silver, that and Phenice, and Sathrabuzanes, withNabuchodonosor took out of the house at their companions following the com-Jerusalem, and brought to Babylon, mandments of king Darius,should be restored to the house at Jerusa- 2: Did very carefully oversee the holylem, and be set in the place where they works, assisting the ancients of the Jewswere before. and governors of the temple.27: And also he commanded that Sisinnes 3: And so the holy works prospered, whenthe governor of Syria and Phenice, and Aggeus and Zacharias the prophetsSathrabuzanes, and their companions, and prophesied.those which were appointed rulers in Syria 4: And they finished these things by theand Phenice, should be careful not to commandment of the Lord God of Israel,meddle with the place, but suffer Zoroba- and with the consent of Cyrus, Darius,bel, the servant of the Lord, and governor and Artexerxes, kings of Persia.of Judea, and the elders of the Jews, to 5: And thus was the holy house finished inbuild the house of the Lord in that place. the three and twentieth day of the month28: I have commanded also to have it built Adar, in the sixth year of Darius king ofup whole again; and that they look dili- the Persiansgently to help those that be of the captiv- 6: And the children of Israel, the priests,ity of the Jews, till the house of the Lord and the Levites, and others that were ofbe finished: the captivity, that were added unto them,29: And out of the tribute of Celosyria did according to the things written in theand Phenice a portion carefully to be book of Moses.given these men for the sacrifices of the 7: And to the dedication of the temple ofLord, that is, to Zorobabel the governor, the Lord they offered an hundred bullocksfor bullocks, and rams, and lambs; two hundred rams, four hundred lambs;30: And also corn, salt, wine, and oil, and 8: And twelve goats for the sin of all Is-that continually every year without further rael, according to the number of the chiefquestion, according as the priests that be of the tribes of Israel.in Jerusalem shall signify to be daily spent: 9: The priests also and the Levites stood31: That offerings may be made to the arrayed in their vestments, according tomost high God for the king and for his their kindreds, in the service of the Lordchildren, and that they may pray for their God of Israel, according to the book oflives. Moses: and the porters at every gate.32: And he commanded that whosoever 10: And the children of Israel that were ofshould transgress, yea, or make light of the captivity held the passover the four- 13
  • teenth day of the first month, after that 7: For Esdras had very great skill, so thatthe priests and the Levites were sanctified. he omitted nothing of the law and com-11: They that were of the captivity were mandments of the Lord, but taught allnot all sanctified together: but the Levites Israel the ordinances and judgments.were all sanctified together. 8: Now the copy of the commission,12: And so they offered the passover for which was written from Artexerxes theall them of the captivity, and for their king, and came to Esdras the priest andbrethren the priests, and for themselves. reader of the law of the Lord, is this that13: And the children of Israel that came followeth;out of the captivity did eat, even all they 9: King Artexerxes unto Esdras the priestthat had separated themselves from the and reader of the law of the Lord sendethabominations of the people of the land, greeting:and sought the Lord. 10: Having determined to deal graciously,14: And they kept the feast of unleavened I have given order, that such of the nationbread seven days, making merry before of the Jews, and of the priests and Levitesthe Lord, being within our realm, as are willing and15: For that he had turned the counsel of desirous should go with thee unto Jerusa-the king of Assyria toward them, to lem.strengthen their hands in the works of the 11: As many therefore as have a mindLord God of Israel. thereunto, let them depart with thee, as it hath seemed good both to me and my seven friends the counsellors; CHAPTER 8 12: That they may look unto the affairs ofAnd after these things, when Artexerxes Judea and Jerusalem, agreeably to that which is in the law of the Lord;the king of the Persians reigned came 13: And carry the gifts unto the Lord ofEsdras the son of Saraias, the son of Eze- Israel to Jerusalem, which I and myrias, the son of Helchiah, the son of friends have vowed, and all the gold andSalum, silver that in the country of Babylon can2: The son of Sadduc, the son of Achitob, be found, to the Lord in Jerusalem,the son of Amarias, the son of Ezias, the 14: With that also which is given of theson of Meremoth, the son of Zaraias, the people for the temple of the Lord theirson of Savias, the son of Boccas, the son God at Jerusalem: and that silver and goldof Abisum, the son of Phinees, the son of may be collected for bullocks, rams, andEleazar, the son of Aaron the chief priest. lambs, and things thereunto appertaining;3: This Esdras went up from Babylon, as a 15: To the end that they may offer sacri-scribe, being very ready in the law of fices unto the Lord upon the altar of theMoses, that was given by the God of Is- Lord their God, which is in Jerusalem.rael. 16: And whatsoever thou and thy brethren4: And the king did him honour: for he will do with the silver and gold, that do,found grace in his sight in all his requests. according to the will of thy God.5: There went up with him also certain of 17: And the holy vessels of the Lord,the children of Israel, of the priest of the which are given thee for the use of theLevites, of the holy singers, porters, and temple of thy God, which is in Jerusalem,ministers of the temple, unto Jerusalem, thou shalt set before thy God in Jerusa-6: In the seventh year of the reign of lem.Artexerxes, in the fifth month, this was 18: And whatsoever thing else thou shaltthe kings seventh year; for they went remember for the use of the temple of thyfrom Babylon in the first day of the first God, thou shalt give it out of the kingsmonth, and came to Jerusalem, according treasury.to the prosperous journey which the Lord 19: And I king Artexerxes have also com-gave them. manded the keepers of the treasures in 14
  • Syria and Phenice, that whatsoever Esdras Eliaonias, the son of Zaraias, and withthe priest and the reader of the law of the him two hundred men:most high God shall send for, they should 32: Of the sons of Zathoe, Sechenias thegive it him with speed, son of Jezelus, and with him three hun-20: To the sum of an hundred talents of dred men: of the sons of Adin, Obeth thesilver, likewise also of wheat even to an son of Jonathan, and with him two hun-hundred cors, and an hundred pieces of dred and fifty men:wine, and other things in abundance. 33: Of the sons of Elam, Josias son of21: Let all things be performed after the Gotholias, and with him seventy men:law of God diligently unto the most high 34: Of the sons of Saphatias, Zaraias sonGod, that wrath come not upon the king- of Michael, and with him threescore anddom of the king and his sons. ten men:22: I command you also, that ye require 35: Of the sons of Joab, Abadias son ofno tax, nor any other imposition, of any of Jezelus, and with him two hundred andthe priests, or Levites, or holy singers, or twelve men:porters, or ministers of the temple, or of 36: Of the sons of Banid, Assalimoth sonany that have doings in this temple, and of Josaphias, and with him an hundredthat no man have authority to impose any and threescore men:thing upon them. 37: Of the sons of Babi, Zacharias son of23: And thou, Esdras, according to the Bebai, and with him twenty and eightwisdom of God ordain judges and jus- men:tices, that they may judge in all Syria and 38: Of the sons of Astath, Johannes sonPhenice all those that know the law of thy of Acatan, and with him an hundred andGod; and those that know it not thou ten men:shalt teach. 39: Of the sons of Adonikam the last, and24: And whosoever shall transgress the these are the names of them, Eliphalet,law of thy God, and of the king, shall be Jewel, and Samaias, and with them seventypunished diligently, whether it be by men:death, or other punishment, by penalty of 40: Of the sons of Bago, Uthi the son ofmoney, or by imprisonment. Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.25: Then said Esdras the scribe, Blessed 41: And these I gathered together to thebe the only Lord God of my fathers, who river called Theras, where we pitched ourhath put these things into the heart of the tents three days: and then I surveyedking, to glorify his house that is in Jerusa- them.lem: 42: But when I had found there none of26: And hath honoured me in the sight of the priests and Levites,the king, and his counsellors, and all his 43: Then sent I unto Eleazar, and Iduel,friends and nobles. and Masman,27: Therefore was I encouraged by the 44: And Alnathan, and Mamaias, andhelp of the Lord my God, and gathered Joribas, and Nathan, Eunatan, Zacharias,together men of Israel to go up with me. and Mosollamon, principal men and28: And these are the chief according to learned.their families and several dignities, that 45: And I bade them that they should gowent up with me from Babylon in the unto Saddeus the captain, who was in thereign of king Artexerxes: place of the treasury:29: Of the sons of Phinees, Gerson: of the 46: And commanded them that theysons of Ithamar, Gamael: of the sons of should speak unto Daddeus, and to hisDavid, Lettus the son of Sechenias: brethren, and to the treasurers in that30: Of the sons of Pharez, Zacharias; and place, to send us such men as might exe-with him were counted an hundred and cute the priests office in the house of thefifty men: Lord.31: Of the sons of Pahath Moab, 47: And by the mighty hand of our Lord 15
  • they brought unto us skilful men of the had received the silver and the gold andsons of Moli the son of Levi, the son of the vessels, brought them unto Jerusalem,Israel, Asebebia, and his sons, and his into the temple of the Lord.brethren, who were eighteen. 61: And from the river Theras we de-48: And Asebia, and Annus, and Osaias parted the twelfth day of the first month,his brother, of the sons of Channuneus, and came to Jerusalem by the mighty handand their sons, were twenty men. of our Lord, which was with us: and from49: And of the servants of the temple the beginning of our journey the Lordwhom David had ordained, and the prin- delivered us from every enemy, and so wecipal men for the service of the Levites to came to Jerusalem.wit, the servants of the temple two hun- 62: And when we had been there threedred and twenty, the catalogue of whose days, the gold and silver that was weighednames were shewed. was delivered in the house of our Lord on50: And there I vowed a fast unto the the fourth day unto Marmoth the priestyoung men before our Lord, to desire of the son of Iri.him a prosperous journey both for us and 63: And with him was Eleazar the son ofthem that were with us, for our children, Phinees, and with them were Josabad theand for the cattle: son of Jesu and Moeth the son of Sabban,51: For I was ashamed to ask the king Levites: all was delivered them by numberfootmen, and horsemen, and conduct for and weight.safeguard against our adversaries. 64: And all the weight of them was written52: For we had said unto the king, that the up the same hour.power of the Lord our God should be 65: Moreover they that were come out ofwith them that seek him, to support them the captivity offered sacrifice unto thein all ways. Lord God of Israel, even twelve bullocks53: And again we besought our Lord as for all Israel, fourscore and sixteen rams,touching these things, and found him 66: Threescore and twelve lambs, goatsfavourable unto us. for a peace offering, twelve; all of them a54: Then I separated twelve of the chief of sacrifice to the Lord.the priests, Esebrias, and Assanias, and 67: And they delivered the kings com-ten men of their brethren with them: mandments unto the kings stewards and55: And I weighed them the gold, and the to the governors of Celosyria and Phenice;silver, and the holy vessels of the house of and they honoured the people and theour Lord, which the king, and his council, temple of God.and the princes, and all Israel, had given. 68: Now when these things were done, the56: And when I had weighed it, I delivered rulers came unto me, and said,unto them six hundred and fifty talents of 69: The nation of Israel, the princes, thesilver, and silver vessels of an hundred priests and Levites, have not put awaytalents, and an hundred talents of gold, from them the strange people of the land,57: And twenty golden vessels, and twelve nor the pollutions of the Gentiles to wit,vessels of brass, even of fine brass, glitter- of the Canaanites, Hittites, Pheresites,ing like gold. Jebusites, and the Moabites, Egyptians,58: And I said unto them, Both ye are and Edomites.holy unto the Lord, and the vessels are 70: For both they and their sons haveholy, and the gold and the silver is a vow married with their daughters, and the holyunto the Lord, the Lord of our fathers. seed is mixed with the strange people of59: Watch ye, and keep them till ye deliver the land; and from the beginning of thisthem to the chief of the priests and Le- matter the rulers and the great men havevites, and to the principal men of the been partakers of this iniquity.families of Israel, in Jerusalem, into the 71: And as soon as I had heard thesechambers of the house of our God. things, I rent my clothes, and the holy60: So the priests and the Levites, who garment, and pulled off the hair from off 16
  • my head and beard, and sat me down sad 85: Moreover ye shall never seek to haveand very heavy. peace with them, that ye may be strong,72: So all they that were then moved at and eat the good things of the land, andthe word of the Lord God of Israel as- that ye may leave the inheritance of thesembled unto me, whilst I mourned for land unto your children for evermore.the iniquity: but I sat still full of heaviness 86: And all that is befallen is done unto usuntil the evening sacrifice. for our wicked works and great sins; for73: Then rising up from the fast with my thou, O Lord, didst make our sins light,clothes and the holy garment rent, and 87: And didst give unto us such a root:bowing my knees, and stretching forth my but we have turned back again to trans-hands unto the Lord, gress thy law, and to mingle ourselves74: I said, O Lord, I am confounded and with the uncleanness of the nations of theashamed before thy face; land.75: For our sins are multiplied above our 88: Mightest not thou be angry with us toheads, and our ignorances have reached destroy us, till thou hadst left us neitherup unto heaven. root, seed, nor name?76: For ever since the time of our fathers 89: O Lord of Israel, thou art true: for wewe have been and are in great sin, even are left a root this day.unto this day. 90: Behold, now are we before thee in our77: And for our sins and our fathers we iniquities, for we cannot stand any longerwith our brethren and our kings and our by reason of these things before thee.priests were given up unto the kings of the 91: And as Esdras in his prayer made hisearth, to the sword, and to captivity, and confession, weeping, and lying flat uponfor a prey with shame, unto this day. the ground before the temple, there gath-78: And now in some measure hath mercy ered unto him from Jerusalem a very greatbeen shewed unto us from thee, O Lord, multitude of men and women and chil-that there should be left us a root and a dren: for there was great weeping amongname in the place of thy sanctuary; the multitude.79: And to discover unto us a light in the 92: Then Jechonias the son of Jeelus, onehouse of the Lord our God, and to give us of the sons of Israel, called out, and said,food in the time of our servitude. O Esdras, we have sinned against the80: Yea, when we were in bondage, we Lord God, we have married strangewere not forsaken of our Lord; but he women of the nations of the land, andmade us gracious before the kings of Per- now is all Israel aloft.sia, so that they gave us food; 93: Let us make an oath to the Lord, that81: Yea, and honoured the temple of our we will put away all our wives, which weLord, and raised up the desolate Sion, that have taken of the heathen, with their chil-they have given us a sure abiding in Jewry dren,and Jerusalem. 94: Like as thou hast decreed, and as many82: And now, O Lord, what shall we say, as do obey the law of the Lord.having these things? for we have trans- 95: Arise and put in execution: for to theegressed thy commandments, which thou doth this matter appertain, and we will begavest by the hand of thy servants the with thee: do valiantly.prophets, saying, 96: So Esdras arose, and took an oath of83: That the land, which ye enter into to the chief of the priests and Levites of allpossess as an heritage, is a land polluted Israel to do after these things; and so theywith the pollutions of the strangers of the sware.land, and they have filled it with their un-cleanness.84: Therefore now shall ye not join your CHAPTER 9daughters unto their sons, neither shall yetake their daughters unto your sons. And after these things, when Artexerxes 17
  • the king of the Persians reigned came 13: And carry the gifts unto the Lord ofEsdras the son of Saraias, the son of Eze- Israel to Jerusalem, which I and myrias, the son of Helchiah, the son of friends have vowed, and all the gold andSalum, silver that in the country of Babylon can2: The son of Sadduc, the son of Achitob, be found, to the Lord in Jerusalem,the son of Amarias, the son of Ezias, the 14: With that also which is given of theson of Meremoth, the son of Zaraias, the people for the temple of the Lord theirson of Savias, the son of Boccas, the son God at Jerusalem: and that silver and goldof Abisum, the son of Phinees, the son of may be collected for bullocks, rams, andEleazar, the son of Aaron the chief priest. lambs, and things thereunto appertaining;3: This Esdras went up from Babylon, as a 15: To the end that they may offer sacri-scribe, being very ready in the law of fices unto the Lord upon the altar of theMoses, that was given by the God of Is- Lord their God, which is in Jerusalem.rael. 16: And whatsoever thou and thy brethren4: And the king did him honour: for he will do with the silver and gold, that do,found grace in his sight in all his requests. according to the will of thy God.5: There went up with him also certain of 17: And the holy vessels of the Lord,the children of Israel, of the priest of the which are given thee for the use of theLevites, of the holy singers, porters, and temple of thy God, which is in Jerusalem,ministers of the temple, unto Jerusalem, thou shalt set before thy God in Jerusa-6: In the seventh year of the reign of lem.Artexerxes, in the fifth month, this was 18: And whatsoever thing else thou shaltthe kings seventh year; for they went remember for the use of the temple of thyfrom Babylon in the first day of the first God, thou shalt give it out of the kingsmonth, and came to Jerusalem, according treasury.to the prosperous journey which the Lord 19: And I king Artexerxes have also com-gave them. manded the keepers of the treasures in7: For Esdras had very great skill, so that Syria and Phenice, that whatsoever Esdrashe omitted nothing of the law and com- the priest and the reader of the law of themandments of the Lord, but taught all most high God shall send for, they shouldIsrael the ordinances and judgments. give it him with speed,8: Now the copy of the commission, 20: To the sum of an hundred talents ofwhich was written from Artexerxes the silver, likewise also of wheat even to anking, and came to Esdras the priest and hundred cors, and an hundred pieces ofreader of the law of the Lord, is this that wine, and other things in abundance.followeth; 21: Let all things be performed after the9: King Artexerxes unto Esdras the priest law of God diligently unto the most highand reader of the law of the Lord sendeth God, that wrath come not upon the king-greeting: dom of the king and his sons.10: Having determined to deal graciously, 22: I command you also, that ye requireI have given order, that such of the nation no tax, nor any other imposition, of any ofof the Jews, and of the priests and Levites the priests, or Levites, or holy singers, orbeing within our realm, as are willing and porters, or ministers of the temple, or ofdesirous should go with thee unto Jerusa- any that have doings in this temple, andlem. that no man have authority to impose any11: As many therefore as have a mind thing upon them.thereunto, let them depart with thee, as it 23: And thou, Esdras, according to thehath seemed good both to me and my wisdom of God ordain judges and jus-seven friends the counsellors; tices, that they may judge in all Syria and12: That they may look unto the affairs of Phenice all those that know the law of thyJudea and Jerusalem, agreeably to that God; and those that know it not thouwhich is in the law of the Lord; shalt teach. 18
  • 24: And whosoever shall transgress the these are the names of them, Eliphalet,law of thy God, and of the king, shall be Jewel, and Samaias, and with them seventypunished diligently, whether it be by men:death, or other punishment, by penalty of 40: Of the sons of Bago, Uthi the son ofmoney, or by imprisonment. Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.25: Then said Esdras the scribe, Blessed 41: And these I gathered together to thebe the only Lord God of my fathers, who river called Theras, where we pitched ourhath put these things into the heart of the tents three days: and then I surveyedking, to glorify his house that is in Jerusa- them.lem: 42: But when I had found there none of26: And hath honoured me in the sight of the priests and Levites,the king, and his counsellors, and all his 43: Then sent I unto Eleazar, and Iduel,friends and nobles. and Masman,27: Therefore was I encouraged by the 44: And Alnathan, and Mamaias, andhelp of the Lord my God, and gathered Joribas, and Nathan, Eunatan, Zacharias,together men of Israel to go up with me. and Mosollamon, principal men and28: And these are the chief according to learned.their families and several dignities, that 45: And I bade them that they should gowent up with me from Babylon in the unto Saddeus the captain, who was in thereign of king Artexerxes: place of the treasury:29: Of the sons of Phinees, Gerson: of the 46: And commanded them that theysons of Ithamar, Gamael: of the sons of should speak unto Daddeus, and to hisDavid, Lettus the son of Sechenias: brethren, and to the treasurers in that30: Of the sons of Pharez, Zacharias; and place, to send us such men as might exe-with him were counted an hundred and cute the priests office in the house of thefifty men: Lord.31: Of the sons of Pahath Moab, 47: And by the mighty hand of our LordEliaonias, the son of Zaraias, and with they brought unto us skilful men of thehim two hundred men: sons of Moli the son of Levi, the son of32: Of the sons of Zathoe, Sechenias the Israel, Asebebia, and his sons, and hisson of Jezelus, and with him three hun- brethren, who were eighteen.dred men: of the sons of Adin, Obeth the 48: And Asebia, and Annus, and Osaiasson of Jonathan, and with him two hun- his brother, of the sons of Channuneus,dred and fifty men: and their sons, were twenty men.33: Of the sons of Elam, Josias son of 49: And of the servants of the templeGotholias, and with him seventy men: whom David had ordained, and the prin-34: Of the sons of Saphatias, Zaraias son cipal men for the service of the Levites toof Michael, and with him threescore and wit, the servants of the temple two hun-ten men: dred and twenty, the catalogue of whose35: Of the sons of Joab, Abadias son of names were shewed.Jezelus, and with him two hundred and 50: And there I vowed a fast unto thetwelve men: young men before our Lord, to desire of36: Of the sons of Banid, Assalimoth son him a prosperous journey both for us andof Josaphias, and with him an hundred them that were with us, for our children,and threescore men: and for the cattle:37: Of the sons of Babi, Zacharias son of 51: For I was ashamed to ask the kingBebai, and with him twenty and eight footmen, and horsemen, and conduct formen: safeguard against our adversaries.38: Of the sons of Astath, Johannes son 52: For we had said unto the king, that theof Acatan, and with him an hundred and power of the Lord our God should beten men: with them that seek him, to support them39: Of the sons of Adonikam the last, and in all ways. 19
  • 53: And again we besought our Lord as for all Israel, fourscore and sixteen rams,touching these things, and found him 66: Threescore and twelve lambs, goatsfavourable unto us. for a peace offering, twelve; all of them a54: Then I separated twelve of the chief of sacrifice to the Lord.the priests, Esebrias, and Assanias, and 67: And they delivered the kings com-ten men of their brethren with them: mandments unto the kings stewards and55: And I weighed them the gold, and the to the governors of Celosyria and Phenice;silver, and the holy vessels of the house of and they honoured the people and theour Lord, which the king, and his council, temple of God.and the princes, and all Israel, had given. 68: Now when these things were done, the56: And when I had weighed it, I delivered rulers came unto me, and said,unto them six hundred and fifty talents of 69: The nation of Israel, the princes, thesilver, and silver vessels of an hundred priests and Levites, have not put awaytalents, and an hundred talents of gold, from them the strange people of the land,57: And twenty golden vessels, and twelve nor the pollutions of the Gentiles to wit,vessels of brass, even of fine brass, glitter- of the Canaanites, Hittites, Pheresites,ing like gold. Jebusites, and the Moabites, Egyptians,58: And I said unto them, Both ye are and Edomites.holy unto the Lord, and the vessels are 70: For both they and their sons haveholy, and the gold and the silver is a vow married with their daughters, and the holyunto the Lord, the Lord of our fathers. seed is mixed with the strange people of59: Watch ye, and keep them till ye deliver the land; and from the beginning of thisthem to the chief of the priests and Le- matter the rulers and the great men havevites, and to the principal men of the been partakers of this iniquity.families of Israel, in Jerusalem, into the 71: And as soon as I had heard thesechambers of the house of our God. things, I rent my clothes, and the holy60: So the priests and the Levites, who garment, and pulled off the hair from offhad received the silver and the gold and my head and beard, and sat me down sadthe vessels, brought them unto Jerusalem, and very heavy.into the temple of the Lord. 72: So all they that were then moved at61: And from the river Theras we de- the word of the Lord God of Israel as-parted the twelfth day of the first month, sembled unto me, whilst I mourned forand came to Jerusalem by the mighty hand the iniquity: but I sat still full of heavinessof our Lord, which was with us: and from until the evening sacrifice.the beginning of our journey the Lord 73: Then rising up from the fast with mydelivered us from every enemy, and so we clothes and the holy garment rent, andcame to Jerusalem. bowing my knees, and stretching forth my62: And when we had been there three hands unto the Lord,days, the gold and silver that was weighed 74: I said, O Lord, I am confounded andwas delivered in the house of our Lord on ashamed before thy face;the fourth day unto Marmoth the priest 75: For our sins are multiplied above ourthe son of Iri. heads, and our ignorances have reached63: And with him was Eleazar the son of up unto heaven.Phinees, and with them were Josabad the 76: For ever since the time of our fathersson of Jesu and Moeth the son of Sabban, we have been and are in great sin, evenLevites: all was delivered them by number unto this day.and weight. 77: And for our sins and our fathers we64: And all the weight of them was written with our brethren and our kings and ourup the same hour. priests were given up unto the kings of the65: Moreover they that were come out of earth, to the sword, and to captivity, andthe captivity offered sacrifice unto the for a prey with shame, unto this day.Lord God of Israel, even twelve bullocks 78: And now in some measure hath mercy 20
  • been shewed unto us from thee, O Lord, multitude of men and women and chil-that there should be left us a root and a dren: for there was great weeping amongname in the place of thy sanctuary; the multitude.79: And to discover unto us a light in the 92: Then Jechonias the son of Jeelus, onehouse of the Lord our God, and to give us of the sons of Israel, called out, and said,food in the time of our servitude. O Esdras, we have sinned against the80: Yea, when we were in bondage, we Lord God, we have married strangewere not forsaken of our Lord; but he women of the nations of the land, andmade us gracious before the kings of Per- now is all Israel aloft.sia, so that they gave us food; 93: Let us make an oath to the Lord, that81: Yea, and honoured the temple of our we will put away all our wives, which weLord, and raised up the desolate Sion, that have taken of the heathen, with their chil-they have given us a sure abiding in Jewry dren,and Jerusalem. 94: Like as thou hast decreed, and as many82: And now, O Lord, what shall we say, as do obey the law of the Lord.having these things? for we have trans- 95: Arise and put in execution: for to theegressed thy commandments, which thou doth this matter appertain, and we will begavest by the hand of thy servants the with thee: do valiantly.prophets, saying, 96: So Esdras arose, and took an oath of83: That the land, which ye enter into to the chief of the priests and Levites of allpossess as an heritage, is a land polluted Israel to do after these things; and so theywith the pollutions of the strangers of the sware.land, and they have filled it with their un-cleanness.84: Therefore now shall ye not join yourdaughters unto their sons, neither shall yetake their daughters unto your sons.85: Moreover ye shall never seek to havepeace with them, that ye may be strong,and eat the good things of the land, andthat ye may leave the inheritance of theland unto your children for evermore.86: And all that is befallen is done unto usfor our wicked works and great sins; forthou, O Lord, didst make our sins light,87: And didst give unto us such a root:but we have turned back again to trans-gress thy law, and to mingle ourselveswith the uncleanness of the nations of theland.88: Mightest not thou be angry with us todestroy us, till thou hadst left us neitherroot, seed, nor name?89: O Lord of Israel, thou art true: for weare left a root this day.90: Behold, now are we before thee in ouriniquities, for we cannot stand any longerby reason of these things before thee.91: And as Esdras in his prayer made hisconfession, weeping, and lying flat uponthe ground before the temple, there gath-ered unto him from Jerusalem a very great 21
  • 2nd Esdras Also known as the 4th EzraThe second book of the prophet Esdras, great wonders have I done among you; yet have ye forgotten me, saith the Lord.the son of Saraias, the son of Azarias, the 15: Thus saith the Almighty Lord, The quailsson of Helchias, the son of Sadamias, the were as a token to you; I gave you tents forsou of Sadoc, the son of Achitob, your safeguard: nevertheless ye murmured2: The son of Achias, the son of Phinees, there,the son of Heli, the son of Amarias, the son 16: And triumphed not in my name for theof Aziei, the son of Marimoth, the son of destruction of your enemies, but ever to thisAnd he spake unto the of Borith, the son of day do ye yet murmur.Abisei, the son of Phinees, the son of 17: Where are the benefits that I have doneEleazar, for you? when ye were hungry and thirsty in3: The son of Aaron, of the tribe of Levi; the wilderness, did ye not cry unto me,which was captive in the land of the Medes, 18: Saying, Why hast thou brought us intoin the reign of Artexerxes king of the Per- this wilderness to kill us? it had been bettersians. for us to have served the Egyptians, than to4: And the word of the Lord came unto me, die in this wilderness.saying, 19: Then had I pity upon your mournings,5: Go thy way, and shew my people their and gave you manna to eat; so ye did eatsinful deeds, and their children their wicked- angels bread.ness which they have done against me; that 20: When ye were thirsty, did I not cleavethey may tell their childrens children: the rock, and waters flowed out to your fill?6: Because the sins of their fathers are in- for the heat I covered you with the leaves ofcreased in them: for they have forgotten me, the trees.and have offered unto strange gods. 21: I divided among you a fruitful land, I7: Am not I even he that brought them out cast out the Canaanites, the Pherezites, andof the land of Egypt, from the house of the Philistines, before you: what shall I yetbondage? but they have provoked me unto do more for you? saith the Lord.wrath, and despised my counsels. 22: Thus saith the Almighty Lord, When ye8: Pull thou off then the hair of thy head, were in the wilderness, in the river of theand cast all evil upon them, for they have Amorites, being athirst, and blaspheming mynot been obedient unto my law, but it is a name,rebellious people. 23: I gave you not fire for your blasphemies,9: How long shall I forbear them, into but cast a tree in the water, and made thewhom I have done so much good? river sweet.10: Many kings have I destroyed for their 24: What shall I do unto thee, O Jacob?sakes; Pharaoh with his servants and all his thou, Juda, wouldest not obey me: I will turnpower have I smitten down. me to other nations, and unto those will I11: All the nations have I destroyed before give my name, that they may keep my stat-them, and in the east I have scattered the utes.people of two provinces, even of Tyrus and 25: Seeing ye have forsaken me, I will for-Sidon, and have slain all their enemies. sake you also; when ye desire me to be gra-12: Speak thou therefore unto them, saying, cious unto you, I shall have no mercy uponThus saith the Lord, you.13: I led you through the sea and in the be- 26: Whensoever ye shall call upon me, I willginning gave you a large and safe passage; I not hear you: for ye have defiled your handsgave you Moses for a leader, and Aaron for with blood, and your feet are swift to com-a priest. mit manslaughter.14: I gave you light in a pillar of fire, and 27: Ye have not as it were forsaken me, but 22
  • your own selves, saith the Lord. counsels.28: Thus saith the Almighty Lord, Have I 2: The mother that bare them saith untonot prayed you as a father his sons, as a them, Go your way, ye children; for I am amother her daughters, and a nurse her young widow and forsaken.babes, 3: I brought you up with gladness; but with29: That ye would be my people, and I sorrow and heaviness have I lost you: for yeshould be your God; that ye would be my have sinned before the Lord your God, andchildren, and I should be your father? done that thing that is evil before him.30: I gathered you together, as a hen gather- 4: But what shall I now do unto you? I am aeth her chickens under her wings: but now, widow and forsaken: go your way, O mywhat shall I do unto you? I will cast you out children, and ask mercy of the Lord.from my face. 5: As for me, O father, I call upon thee for a31: When ye offer unto me, I will turn my witness over the mother of these children,face from you: for your solemn feastdays, which would not keep my covenant,your new moons, and your circumcisions, 6: That thou bring them to confusion, andhave I forsaken. their mother to a spoil, that there may be no32: I sent unto you my servants the proph- offspring of them.ets, whom ye have taken and slain, and torn 7: Let them be scattered abroad among thetheir bodies in pieces, whose blood I will heathen, let their names be put out of therequire of your hands, saith the Lord. earth: for they have despised my covenant.33: Thus saith the Almighty Lord, Your 8: Woe be unto thee, Assur, thou that hidesthouse is desolate, I will cast you out as the the unrighteous in thee! O thou wicked peo-wind doth stubble. ple, remember what I did unto Sodom and34: And your children shall not be fruitful; Gomorrha;for they have despised my commandment, 9: Whose land lieth in clods of pitch andand done the thing that is an evil before me. heaps of ashes: even so also will I do unto35: Your houses will I give to a people that them that hear me not, saith the Almightyshall come; which not having heard of me Lord.yet shall believe me; to whom I have shewed 10: Thus saith the Lord unto Esdras, Tellno signs, yet they shall do that I have com- my people that I will give them the kingdommanded them. of Jerusalem, which I would have given unto36: They have seen no prophets, yet they Israel.shall call their sins to remembrance, and 11: Their glory also will I take unto me, andacknowledge them. give these the everlasting tabernacles, which37: I take to witness the grace of the people I had prepared for them.to come, whose little ones rejoice in glad- 12: They shall have the tree of life for anness: and though they have not seen me with ointment of sweet savour; they shall neitherbodily eyes, yet in spirit they believe the labour, nor be weary.thing that I say. 13: Go, and ye shall receive: pray for few38: And now, brother, behold what glory; days unto you, that they may be shortened:and see the people that come from the east: the kingdom is already prepared for you:39: Unto whom I will give for leaders, Abra- watch.ham, Isaac, and Jacob, Oseas, Amos, and 14: Take heaven and earth to witness; for IMicheas, Joel, Abdias, and Jonas, have broken the evil in pieces, and created40: Nahum, and Abacuc, Sophonias, Ag- the good: for I live, saith the Lord.geus, Zachary, and Malachy, which is called 15: Mother, embrace thy children, and bringalso an angel of the Lord. them up with gladness, make their feet as fast as a pillar: for I have chosen thee, saith the Lord. CHAPTER 2 16: And those that be dead will I raise upT hus saith the Lord, I brought this people again from their places, and bring them out of the graves: for I have known my name inout of bondage, and I gave them my com- Israel.mandments by menservants the prophets; 17: Fear not, thou mother of the children:whom they would not hear, but despised my for I have chosen thee, saith the Lord. 23
  • 18: For thy help will I send my servants for the everlasting light shall shine upon youEsau and Jeremy, after whose counsel I have for evermore.sanctified and prepared for thee twelve trees 36: Flee the shadow of this world, receiveladen with divers fruits, the joyfulness of your glory: I testify my19: And as many fountains flowing with Saviour openly.milk and honey, and seven mighty moun- 37: O receive the gift that is given you, andtains, whereupon there grow roses and lilies, be glad, giving thanks unto him that hath ledwhereby I will fill thy children with joy. you to the heavenly kingdom.20: Do right to the widow, judge for the 38: Arise up and stand, behold the numberfatherless, give to the poor, defend the or- of those that be sealed in the feast of thephan, clothe the naked, Lord;21: Heal the broken and the weak, laugh not 39: Which are departed from the shadow ofa lame man to scorn, defend the maimed, the world, and have received glorious gar-and let the blind man come into the sight of ments of the Lord.my clearness. 40: Take thy number, O Sion, and shut up22: Keep the old and young within thy walls. those of thine that are clothed in white,23: Wheresoever thou findest the dead, take which have fulfilled the law of the Lord.them and bury them, and I will give thee the 41: The number of thy children, whom thoufirst place in my resurrection. longedst for, is fulfilled: beseech the power24: Abide still, O my people, and take thy of the Lord, that thy people, which haverest, for thy quietness still come. been called from the beginning, may be25: Nourish thy children, O thou good hallowed.nurse; stablish their feet. 42: I Esdras saw upon the mount Sion a26: As for the servants whom I have given great people, whom I could not number, andthee, there shall not one of them perish; for they all praised the Lord with songs.I will require them from among thy number. 43: And in the midst of them there was a27: Be not weary: for when the day of trou- young man of a high stature, taller than allble and heaviness cometh, others shall weep the rest, and upon every one of their headsand be sorrowful, but thou shalt be merry he set crowns, and was more exalted; whichand have abundance. I marvelled at greatly.28: The heathen shall envy thee, but they 44: So I asked the angel, and said, Sir, whatshall be able to do nothing against thee, saith are these?the Lord. 45: He answered and said unto me, These be29: My hands shall cover thee, so that thy they that have put off the mortal clothing,children shall not see hell. and put on the immortal, and have con-30: Be joyful, O thou mother, with thy chil- fessed the name of God: now are theydren; for I will deliver thee, saith the Lord. crowned, and receive palms.31: Remember thy children that sleep, for I 46: Then said I unto the angel, What youngshall bring them out of the sides of the person is it that crowneth them, and givethearth, and shew mercy unto them: for I am them palms in their hands?merciful, saith the Lord Almighty. 47: So he answered and said unto me, It is32: Embrace thy children until I come and the Son of God, whom they have confessedshew mercy unto them: for my wells run in the world. Then began I greatly to com-over, and my grace shall not fail. mend them that stood so stiffly for the33: I Esdras received a charge of the Lord name of the Lord.upon the mount Oreb, that I should go unto 48: Then the angel said unto me, Go thyIsrael; but when I came unto them, they set way, and tell my people what manner ofme at nought, and despised the command- things, and how great wonders of the Lordment of the Lord. thy God, thou hast seen.34: And therefore I say unto you, O ye hea-then, that hear and understand, look foryour Shepherd, he shall give you everlasting CHAPTER 3rest; for he is nigh at hand, that shall comein the end of the world. I n the thirtieth year after the ruin of the city35: Be ready to the reward of the kingdom, I was in Babylon, and lay troubled upon my 24
  • bed, and my thoughts came up over my leadest his seed out of Egypt, thou brought-heart: est them up to the mount Sinai.2: For I saw the desolation of Sion, and the 18: And bowing the heavens, thou didst setwealth of them that dwelt at Babylon. fast the earth, movedst the whole world, and3: And my spirit was sore moved, so that I madest the depths to tremble, and trou-began to speak words full of fear to the bledst the men of that age.most High, and said, 19: And thy glory went through four gates,4: O Lord, who bearest rule, thou spakest at of fire, and of earthquake, and of wind, andthe beginning, when thou didst plant the of cold; that thou mightest give the law untoearth, and that thyself alone, and command- the seed of Jacob, and diligence unto theedst the people, generation of Israel.5: And gavest a body unto Adam without 20: And yet tookest thou not away fromsoul, which was the workmanship of thine them a wicked heart, that thy law mighthands, and didst breathe into him the breath bring forth fruit in them.of life, and he was made living before thee. 21: For the first Adam bearing a wicked6: And thou leadest him into paradise, which heart transgressed, and was overcome; andthy right hand had planted, before ever the so be all they that are born of him.earth came forward. 22: Thus infirmity was made permanent; and7: And unto him thou gavest commandment the law (also) in the heart of the people withto love thy way: which he transgressed, and the malignity of the root; so that the goodimmediately thou appointedst death in him departed away, and the evil abode still.and in his generations, of whom came na- 23: So the times passed away, and the yearstions, tribes, people, and kindreds, out of were brought to an end: then didst thounumber. raise thee up a servant, called David:8: And every people walked after their own 24: Whom thou commandedst to build a citywill, and did wonderful things before thee, unto thy name, and to offer incense andand despised thy commandments. oblations unto thee therein.9: And again in process of time thou 25: When this was done many years, thenbroughtest the flood upon those that dwelt they that inhabited the city forsook thee,in the world, and destroyedst them. 26: And in all things did even as Adam and10: And it came to pass in every of them, all his generations had done: for they alsothat as death was to Adam, so was the flood had a wicked heart:to these. 27: And so thou gavest thy city over into the11: Nevertheless one of them thou leftest, hands of thine enemies.namely, Noah with his household, of whom 28: Are their deeds then any better that in-came all righteous men. habit Babylon, that they should therefore12: And it happened, that when they that have the dominion over Sion?dwelt upon the earth began to multiply, and 29: For when I came thither, and had seenhad gotten them many children, and were a impieties without number, then my soul sawgreat people, they began again to be more many evildoers in this thirtieth year, so thatungodly than the first. my heart failed me.13: Now when they lived so wickedly before 30: For I have seen how thou sufferest themthee, thou didst choose thee a man from sinning, and hast spared wicked doers: andamong them, whose name was Abraham. hast destroyed thy people, and hast pre-14: Him thou lovedst, and unto him only served thine enemies, and hast not signifiedthou shewedst thy will: it.15: And madest an everlasting covenant with 31: I do not remember how this way may behim, promising him that thou wouldest left: Are they then of Babylon better thannever forsake his seed. they of Sion?16: And unto him thou gavest Isaac, and 32: Or is there any other people thatunto Isaac also thou gavest Jacob and Esau. knoweth thee beside Israel? or what genera-As for Jacob, thou didst choose him to thee, tion hath so believed thy covenants asand put by Esau: and so Jacob became a Jacob?great multitude. 33: And yet their reward appeareth not, and17: And it came to pass, that when thou their labour hath no fruit: for I have gone 25
  • here and there through the heathen, and I canst thou not know;see that they flow in wealth, and think not 11: How should thy vessel then be able toupon thy commandments. comprehend the way of the Highest, and,34: Weigh thou therefore our wickedness the world being now outwardly corrupted tonow in the balance, and theirs also that understand the corruption that is evident indwell the world; and so shall thy name no my sight?where be found but in Israel. 12: Then said I unto him, It were better that35: Or when was it that they which dwell we were not at all, than that we should liveupon the earth have not sinned in thy sight? still in wickedness, and to suffer, and not toor what people have so kept thy command- know wherefore.ments? 13: He answered me, and said, I went into a36: Thou shalt find that Israel by name hath forest into a plain, and the trees took coun-kept thy precepts; but not the heathen. sel, 14: And said, Come, let us go and make war against the sea that it may depart away be- CHAPTER 4 fore us, and that we may make us moreA nd the angel that was sent unto me, woods. 15: The floods of the sea also in like mannerwhose name was Uriel, gave me an answer, took counsel, and said, Come, let us go up2: And said, Thy heart hath gone to far in and subdue the woods of the plain, thatthis world, and thinkest thou to comprehend there also we may make us another country.the way of the most High? 16: The thought of the wood was in vain,3: Then said I, Yea, my lord. And he an- for the fire came and consumed it.swered me, and said, I am sent to shew thee 17: The thought of the floods of the seathree ways, and to set forth three similitudes came likewise to nought, for the sand stoodbefore thee: up and stopped them.4: Whereof if thou canst declare me one, I 18: If thou wert judge now betwixt thesewill shew thee also the way that thou desirest two, whom wouldest thou begin to justify?to see, and I shall shew thee from whence or whom wouldest thou condemn?the wicked heart cometh. 19: I answered and said, Verily it is a foolish5: And I said, Tell on, my lord. Then said he thought that they both have devised, for theunto me, Go thy way, weigh me the weight ground is given unto the wood, and the seaof the fire, or measure me the blast of the also hath his place to bear his floods.wind, or call me again the day that is past. 20: Then answered he me, and said, Thou6: Then answered I and said, What man is hast given a right judgment, but why judgestable to do that, that thou shouldest ask such thou not thyself also?things of me? 21: For like as the ground is given unto the7: And he said unto me, If I should ask thee wood, and the sea to his floods: even so theyhow great dwellings are in the midst of the that dwell upon the earth may understandsea, or how many springs are in the begin- nothing but that which is upon the earth:ning of the deep, or how many springs are and he that dwelleth above the heavens mayabove the firmament, or which are the out- only understand the things that are abovegoings of paradise: the height of the heavens.8: Peradventure thou wouldest say unto me, 22: Then answered I and said, I beseechI never went down into the deep, nor as yet thee, O Lord, let me have understanding:into hell, neither did I ever climb up into 23: For it was not my mind to be curious ofheaven. the high things, but of such as pass by us9: Nevertheless now have I asked thee but daily, namely, wherefore Israel is given up asonly of the fire and wind, and of the day a reproach to the heathen, and for whatwherethrough thou hast passed, and of cause the people whom thou hast loved isthings from which thou canst not be sepa- given over unto ungodly nations, and whyrated, and yet canst thou give me no answer the law of our forefathers is brought toof them. nought, and the written covenants come to10: He said moreover unto me, Thine own none effect,things, and such as are grown up with thee, 24: And we pass away out of the world as 26
  • grasshoppers, and our life is astonishment bearest rule, even we all are full of impiety.and fear, and we are not worthy to obtain 39: And for our sakes peradventure it is thatmercy. the floors of the righteous are not filled,25: What will he then do unto his name because of the sins of them that dwell uponwhereby we are called? of these things have the earth.I asked. 40: So he answered me, and said, Go thy26: Then answered he me, and said, The way to a woman with child, and ask of hermore thou searchest, the more thou shalt when she hath fulfilled her nine months, ifmarvel; for the world hasteth fast to pass her womb may keep the birth any longeraway, within her.27: And cannot comprehend the things that 41: Then said I, No, Lord, that can she not.are promised to the righteous in time to And he said unto me, In the grave the cham-come: for this world is full of unrighteous- bers of souls are like the womb of a woman:ness and infirmities. 42: For like as a woman that travaileth28: But as concerning the things whereof maketh haste to escape the necessity of thethou askest me, I will tell thee; for the evil is travail: even so do these places haste to de-sown, but the destruction thereof is not yet liver those things that are committed untocome. them.29: If therefore that which is sown be not 43: From the beginning, look, what thouturned upside down, and if the place where desirest to see, it shall be shewed thee.the evil is sown pass not away, then cannot 44: Then answered I and said, If I haveit come that is sown with good. found favour in thy sight, and if it be possi-30: For the grain of evil seed hath been ble, and if I be meet therefore,sown in the heart of Adam from the begin- 45: Shew me then whether there be more toning, and how much ungodliness hath it come than is past, or more past than is tobrought up unto this time? and how much come.shall it yet bring forth until the time of 46: What is past I know, but what is for tothreshing come? come I know not.31: Ponder now by thyself, how great fruit 47: And he said unto me, Stand up upon theof wickedness the grain of evil seed hath right side, and I shall expound the similitudebrought forth. unto thee.32: And when the ears shall be cut down, 48: So I stood, and saw, and, behold, an hotwhich are without number, how great a floor burning oven passed by before me: and itshall they fill? happened that when the flame was gone by I33: Then I answered and said, How, and looked, and, behold, the smoke remainedwhen shall these things come to pass? still.wherefore are our years few and evil? 49: After this there passed by before me a34: And he answered me, saying, Do not watery cloud, and sent down much rain withthou hasten above the most Highest: for thy a storm; and when the stormy rain was past,haste is in vain to be above him, for thou the drops remained still.hast much exceeded. 50: Then said he unto me, Consider with35: Did not the souls also of the righteous thyself; as the rain is more than the drops,ask question of these things in their cham- and as the fire is greater than the smoke; butbers, saying, How long shall I hope on this the drops and the smoke remain behind: sofashion? when cometh the fruit of the floor the quantity which is past did more exceed.of our reward? 51: Then I prayed, and said, May I live,36: And unto these things Uriel the archan- thinkest thou, until that time? or what shallgel gave them answer, and said, Even when happen in those days?the number of seeds is filled in you: for he 52: He answered me, and said, As for thehath weighed the world in the balance. tokens whereof thou askest me, I may tell37: By measure hath he measured the times; thee of them in part: but as touching thy life,and by number hath he numbered the times; I am not sent to shew thee; for I do notand he doth not move nor stir them, until know it.the said measure be fulfilled.38: Then answered I and said, O Lord that 27
  • CHAPTER 5 upon my feet.N evertheless as coming the tokens, be- 16: And in the second night it came to pass, that Salathiel the captain of the people camehold, the days shall come, that they which unto me, saying, Where hast thou been? anddwell upon earth shall be taken in a great why is thy countenance so heavy?number, and the way of truth shall be hid- 17: Knowest thou not that Israel is commit-den, and the land shall be barren of faith. ted unto thee in the land of their captivity?2: But iniquity shall be increased above that 18: Up then, and eat bread, and forsake uswhich now thou seest, or that thou hast not, as the shepherd that leaveth his flock inheard long ago. the hands of cruel wolves.3: And the land, that thou seest now to have 19: Then said I unto him, Go thy ways fromroot, shalt thou see wasted suddenly. me, and come not nigh me. And he heard4: But if the most High grant thee to live, what I said, and went from me.thou shalt see after the third trumpet that 20: And so I fasted seven days, mourningthe sun shall suddenly shine again in the and weeping, like as Uriel the angel com-night, and the moon thrice in the day: manded me.5: And blood shall drop out of wood, and 21: And after seven days so it was, that thethe stone shall give his voice, and the people thoughts of my heart were very grievousshall be troubled: unto me again,6: And even he shall rule, whom they look 22: And my soul recovered the spirit of un-not for that dwell upon the earth, and the derstanding, and I began to talk with thefowls shall take their flight away together: most High again,7: And the Sodomitish sea shall cast out fish, 23: And said, O Lord that bearest rule, ofand make a noise in the night, which many every wood of the earth, and of all the treeshave not known: but they shall all hear the thereof, thou hast chosen thee one onlyvoice thereof. vine:8: There shall be a confusion also in many 24: And of all lands of the whole world thouplaces, and the fire shall be oft sent out hast chosen thee one pit: and of all the flow-again, and the wild beasts shall change their ers thereof one lily:places, and menstruous women shall bring 25: And of all the depths of the sea thouforth monsters: hast filled thee one river: and of all builded9: And salt waters shall be found in the cities thou hast hallowed Sion unto thyself:sweet, and all friends shall destroy one an- 26: And of all the fowls that are created thouother; then shall wit hide itself, and under- hast named thee one dove: and of all thestanding withdraw itself into his secret cattle that are made thou hast provided theechamber, one sheep:10: And shall be sought of many, and yet not 27: And among all the multitudes of peoplebe found: then shall unrighteousness and thou hast gotten thee one people: and untoincontinency be multiplied upon earth. this people, whom thou lovedst, thou gavest11: One land also shall ask another, and say, a law that is approved of all.Is righteousness that maketh a man right- 28: And now, O Lord, why hast thou giveneous gone through thee? And it shall say, this one people over unto many? and uponNo. the one root hast thou prepared others, and12: At the same time shall men hope, but why hast thou scattered thy only one peoplenothing obtain: they shall labour, but their among many?ways shall not prosper. 29: And they which did gainsay thy prom-13: To shew thee such tokens I have leave; ises, and believed not thy covenants, haveand if thou wilt pray again, and weep as trodden them down.now, and fast even days, thou shalt hear yet 30: If thou didst so much hate thy people,greater things. yet shouldest thou punish them with thine14: Then I awaked, and an extreme fearful- own hands.ness went through all my body, and my 31: Now when I had spoken these words,mind was troubled, so that it fainted. the angel that came to me the night afore15: So the angel that was come to talk with was sent unto me,me held me, comforted me, and set me up 32: And said unto me, Hear me, and I will 28
  • instruct thee; hearken to the thing that I say, that shall be created therein.and I shall tell thee more. 45: And I said, As thou hast said unto thy33: And I said, Speak on, my Lord. Then servant, that thou, which givest life to all,said he unto me, Thou art sore troubled in hast given life at once to the creature thatmind for Israels sake: lovest thou that peo- thou hast created, and the creature bare it:ple better than he that made them? even so it might now also bear them that34: And I said, No, Lord: but of very grief now be present at once.have I spoken: for my reins pain me every 46: And he said unto me, Ask the womb ofhour, while I labour to comprehend the way a woman, and say unto her, If thou bringestof the most High, and to seek out part of his forth children, why dost thou it not to-judgment. gether, but one after another? pray her35: And he said unto me, Thou canst not. therefore to bring forth ten children at once.And I said, Wherefore, Lord? whereunto 47: And I said, She cannot: but must do it bywas I born then? or why was not my distance of time.mothers womb then my grave, that I might 48: Then said he unto me, Even so have Inot have seen the travail of Jacob, and the given the womb of the earth to those that bewearisome toil of the stock of Israel? sown in it in their times.36: And he said unto me, Number me the 49: For like as a young child may not bringthings that are not yet come, gather me to- forth the things that belong to the aged,gether the dross that are scattered abroad, even so have I disposed the world which Imake me the flowers green again that are created.withered, 50: And I asked, and said, Seeing thou hast37: Open me the places that are closed, and now given me the way, I will proceed tobring me forth the winds that in them are speak before thee: for our mother, of whomshut up, shew me the image of a voice: and thou hast told me that she is young, draweththen I will declare to thee the thing that thou now nigh unto age.labourest to know. 51: He answered me, and said, Ask a woman38: And I said, O Lord that bearest rule, that beareth children, and she shall tell thee.who may know these things, but he that 52: Say unto her, Wherefore are unto theyhath not his dwelling with men? whom thou hast now brought forth like39: As for me, I am unwise: how may I then those that were before, but less of stature?speak of these things whereof thou askest 53: And she shall answer thee, They that beme? born in the the strength of youth are of one40: Then said he unto me, Like as thou canst fashion, and they that are born in the time ofdo none of these things that I have spoken age, when the womb faileth, are otherwise.of, even so canst thou not find out my judg- 54: Consider thou therefore also, how thatment, or in the end the love that I have ye are less of stature than those that werepromised unto my people. before you.41: And I said, Behold, O Lord, yet art thou 55: And so are they that come after you lessnigh unto them that be reserved till the end: than ye, as the creatures which now begin toand what shall they do that have been before be old, and have passed over the strength ofme, or we that be now, or they that shall youth.come after us? 56: Then said I, Lord, I beseech thee, if I42: And he said unto me, I will liken my have found favour in thy sight, shew thyjudgment unto a ring: like as there is no servant by whom thou visitest thy creatureslackness of the last, even so there is noswiftness of the first.43: So I answered and said, Couldest thou CHAPTER 6not make those that have been made, and benow, and that are for to come, at once; that A nd he said unto me, In the beginning,thou mightest shew thy judgment the when the earth was made, before the bor-sooner? ders of the world stood, or ever the winds44: Then answered he me, and said, The blew,creature may not haste above the maker; 2: Before it thundered and lightened, or everneither may the world hold them at once the foundations of paradise were laid, 29
  • 3: Before the fair flowers were seen, or ever that dwell upon the earth,the moveable powers were established, be- 19: And will begin to make inquisition offore the innumerable multitude of angels them, what they be that have hurt unjustlywere gathered together, with their unrighteousness, and when the4: Or ever the heights of the air were lifted affliction of Sion shall be fulfilled;up, before the measures of the firmament 20: And when the world, that shall begin towere named, or ever the chimneys in Sion vanish away, shall be finished, then will Iwere hot, shew these tokens: the books shall be5: And ere the present years were sought opened before the firmament, and they shallout, and or ever the inventions of them that see all together:now sin were turned, before they were 21: And the children of a year old shallsealed that have gathered faith for a treasure: speak with their voices, the women with6: Then did I consider these things, and they child shall bring forth untimely children ofall were made through me alone, and three or four months old, and they shall live,through none other: by me also they shall be and be raised up.ended, and by none other. 22: And suddenly shall the sown places ap-7: Then answered I and said, What shall be pear unsown, the full storehouses shall sud-the parting asunder of the times? or when denly be found empty:shall be the end of the first, and the begin- 23: And tha trumpet shall give a sound,ning of it that followeth? which when every man heareth, they shall be8: And he said unto me, From Abraham suddenly afraid.unto Isaac, when Jacob and Esau were born 24: At that time shall friends fight oneof him, Jacobs hand held first the heel of against another like enemies, and the earthEsau. shall stand in fear with those that dwell9: For Esau is the end of the world, and therein, the springs of the fountains shallJacob is the beginning of it that followeth. stand still, and in three hours they shall not10: The hand of man is betwixt the heel and run.the hand: other question, Esdras, ask thou 25: Whosoever remaineth from all these thatnot. I have told thee shall escape, and see my11: I answered then and said, O Lord that salvation, and the end of your world.bearest rule, if I have found favour in thy 26: And the men that are received shall seesight, it, who have not tasted death from their12: I beseech thee, shew thy servant the end birth: and the heart of the inhabitants shallof thy tokens, whereof thou shewedst me be changed, and turned into another mean-part the last night. ing.13: So he answered and said unto me, Stand 27: For evil shall be put out, and deceit shallup upon thy feet, and hear a mighty sound- be quenched.ing voice. 28: As for faith, it shall flourish, corruption14: And it shall be as it were a great motion; shall be overcome, and the truth, which hathbut the place where thou standest shall not been so long without fruit, shall be declared.be moved. 29: And when he talked with me, behold, I15: And therefore when it speaketh be not looked by little and little upon him beforeafraid: for the word is of the end, and the whom I stood.foundation of the earth is understood. 30: And these words said he unto me; I am16: And why? because the speech of these come to shew thee the time of the night tothings trembleth and is moved: for it come.knoweth that the end of these things must 31: If thou wilt pray yet more, and fast sevenbe changed. days again, I shall tell thee greater things by17: And it happened, that when I had heard day than I have heard.it I stood up upon my feet, and hearkened, 32: For thy voice is heard before the mostand, behold, there was a voice that spake, High: for the Mighty hath seen thy righteousand the sound of it was like the sound of dealing, he hath seen also thy chastity, whichmany waters. thou hast had ever since thy youth.18: And it said, Behold, the days come, that 33: And therefore hath he sent me to shewI will begin to draw nigh, and to visit them thee all these things, and to say unto thee, 30
  • Be of good comfort and fear not thy wondrous works.34: And hasten not with the times that are 49: Then didst thou ordain two living crea-past, to think vain things, that thou mayest tures, the one thou calledst Enoch, and thenot hasten from the latter times. other Leviathan;35: And it came to pass after this, that I 50: And didst separate the one from thewept again, and fasted seven days in like other: for the seventh part, namely, wheremanner, that I might fulfil the three weeks the water was gathered together, might notwhich he told me. hold them both.36: And in the eighth night was my heart 51: Unto Enoch thou gavest one part, whichvexed within me again, and I began to speak was dried up the third day, that he shouldbefore the most High. dwell in the same part, wherein are a thou-37: For my spirit was greatly set on fire, and sand hills:my soul was in distress. 52: But unto Leviathan thou gavest the sev-38: And I said, O Lord, thou spakest from enth part, namely, the moist; and hast keptthe beginning of the creation, even the first him to be devoured of whom thou wilt, andday, and saidst thus; Let heaven and earth be when.made; and thy word was a perfect work. 53: Upon the sixth day thou gavest com-39: And then was the spirit, and darkness mandment unto the earth, that before thee itand silence were on every side; the sound of should bring forth beasts, cattle, and creep-mans voice was not yet formed. ing things:40: Then commandedst thou a fair light to 54: And after these, Adam also, whom thoucome forth of thy treasures, that thy work madest lord of all thy creatures: of him comemight appear. we all, and the people also whom thou hast41: Upon the second day thou madest the chosen.spirit of the firmament, and commandedst it 55: All this have I spoken before thee, Oto part asunder, and to make a division be- Lord, because thou madest the world fortwixt the waters, that the one part might go our sakesup, and the other remain beneath. 56: As for the other people, which also42: Upon the third day thou didst command come of Adam, thou hast said that they arethat the waters should be gathered in the nothing, but be like unto spittle: and hastseventh part of the earth: six pats hast thou likened the abundance of them unto a dropdried up, and kept them, to the intent that of that falleth from a vessel.these some being planted of God and tilled 57: And now, O Lord, behold, these hea-might serve thee. then, which have ever been reputed as noth-43: For as soon as thy word went forth the ing, have begun to be lords over us, and towork was made. devour us.44: For immediately there was great and 58: But we thy people, whom thou hastinnumerable fruit, and many and divers called thy firstborn, thy only begotten, andpleasures for the taste, and flowers of un- thy fervent lover, are given into their hands.changeable colour, and odours of wonderful 59: If the world now be made for our sakes,smell: and this was done the third day. why do we not possess an inheritance with45: Upon the fourth day thou commandedst the world? how long shall this endure?that the sun should shine, and the moongive her light, and the stars should be inorder: CHAPTER 746: And gavest them a charge to do serviceunto man, that was to be made. A nd when I had made an end of speaking47: Upon the fifth day thou saidst unto the these words, there was sent unto me theseventh part, where the waters were gath- angel which had been sent unto me theered that it should bring forth living crea- nights afore:tures, fowls and fishes: and so it came to 2: And he said unto me, Up, Esdras, andpass. hear the words that I am come to tell thee.48: For the dumb water and without life 3: And I said, Speak on, my God. Then saidbrought forth living things at the command- he unto me, The sea is set in a wide place,ment of God, that all people might praise that it might be deep and great. 31
  • 4: But put the case the entrance were nar- because they despise the law of God that isrow, and like a river; set before them.5: Who then could go into the sea to look 21: For God hath given strait command-upon it, and to rule it? if he went not ment to such as came, what they should dothrough the narrow, how could he come to live, even as they came, and what theyinto the broad? should observe to avoid punishment.6: There is also another thing; A city is 22: Nevertheless they were not obedientbuilded, and set upon a broad field, and is unto him; but spake against him, and imag-full of all good things: ined vain things;7: The entrance thereof is narrow, and is set 23: And deceived themselves by their wickedin a dangerous place to fall, like as if there deeds; and said of the most High, that he iswere a fire on the right hand, and on the left not; and knew not his ways:a deep water: 24: But his law have they despised, and de-8: And one only path between them both, nied his covenants; in his statutes have theyeven between the fire and the water, so not been faithful, and have not performedsmall that there could but one man go there his works.at once. 25: And therefore, Esdras, for the empty are9: If this city now were given unto a man for empty things, and for the full are the fullan inheritance, if he never shall pass the things.danger set before it, how shall he receive this 26: Behold, the time shall come, that theseinheritance? tokens which I have told thee shall come to10: And I said, It is so, Lord. Then said he pass, and the bride shall appear, and sheunto me, Even so also is Israels portion. coming forth shall be seen, that now is with-11: Because for their sakes I made the world: drawn from the earth.and when Adam transgressed my statutes, 27: And whosoever is delivered from thethen was decreed that now is done. foresaid evils shall see my wonders.12: Then were the entrances of this world 28: For my son Jesus shall be revealed withmade narrow, full of sorrow and travail: they those that be with him, and they that remainare but few and evil, full of perils,: and very shall rejoice within four hundred years.painful. 29: After these years shall my son Christ die,13: For the entrances of the elder world and all men that have life.were wide and sure, and brought immortal 30: And the world shall be turned into thefruit. old silence seven days, like as in the former14: If then they that live labour not to enter judgments: so that no man shall remain.these strait and vain things, they can never 31: And after seven days the world, that yetreceive those that are laid up for them. awaketh not, shall be raised up, and that15: Now therefore why disquietest thou shall die that is corruptthyself, seeing thou art but a corruptible 32: And the earth shall restore those that areman? and why art thou moved, whereas asleep in her, and so shall the dust those thatthou art but mortal? dwell in silence, and the secret places shall16: Why hast thou not considered in thy deliver those souls that were committedmind this thing that is to come, rather than unto them.that which is present? 33: And the most High shall appear upon17: Then answered I and said, O Lord that the seat of judgment, and misery shall passbearest rule, thou hast ordained in thy law, away, and the long suffering shall have anthat the righteous should inherit these end:things, but that the ungodly should perish. 34: But judgment only shall remain, truth18: Nevertheless the righteous shall suffer shall stand, and faith shall wax strong:strait things, and hope for wide: for they that 35: And the work shall follow, and the re-have done wickedly have suffered the strait ward shall be shewed, and the good deedsthings, and yet shall not see the wide. shall be of force, and wicked deeds shall19: And he said unto me. There is no judge bear no rule.above God, and none that hath understand- 36: Then said I, Abraham prayed first foring above the Highest. the Sodomites, and Moses for the fathers20: For there be many that perish in this life, that sinned in the wilderness: 32
  • 37: And Jesus after him for Israel in the time 54: (For we have walked in unpleasantof Achan: places.)38: And Samuel and David for the destruc- 55: And that the faces of them which havetion: and Solomon for them that should used abstinence shall shine above the stars,come to the sanctuary: whereas our faces shall be blacker than dark-39: And Helias for those that received rain; ness?and for the dead, that he might live: 56: For while we lived and committed iniq-40: And Ezechias for the people in the time uity, we considered not that we should beginof Sennacherib: and many for many. to suffer for it after death.41: Even so now, seeing corruption is grown 57: Then answered he me, and said, This isup, and wickedness increased, and the right- the condition of the battle, which man thateous have prayed for the ungodly: wherefore is born upon the earth shall fight;shall it not be so now also? 58: That, if he be overcome, he shall suffer42: He answered me, and said, This present as thou hast said: but if he get the victory, helife is not the end where much glory doth shall receive the thing that I say.abide; therefore have they prayed for the 59: For this is the life whereof Moses spakeweak. unto the people while he lived, saying,43: But the day of doom shall be the end of Choose thee life, that thou mayest live.this time, and the beginning of the immor- 60: Nevertheless they believed not him, nortality for to come, wherein corruption is yet the prophets after him, no nor me whichpast, have spoken unto them,44: Intemperance is at an end, infidelity is 61: That there should not be such heavinesscut off, righteousness is grown, and truth is in their destruction, as shall be joy oversprung up. them that are persuaded to salvation.45: Then shall no man be able to save him 62: I answered then, and said, I know, Lord,that is destroyed, nor to oppress him that that the most High is called merciful, in thathath gotten the victory. he hath mercy upon them which are not yet46: I answered then and said, This is my first come into the world,and last saying, that it had been better not to 63: And upon those also that turn to his law;have given the earth unto Adam: or else, 64: And that he is patient, and long sufferethwhen it was given him, to have restrained those that have sinned, as his creatures;him from sinning. 65: And that he is bountiful, for he is ready47: For what profit is it for men now in this to give where it needeth;present time to live in heaviness, and after 66: And that he is of great mercy, for hedeath to look for punishment? multiplieth more and more mercies to them48: O thou Adam, what hast thou done? for that are present, and that are past, and alsothough it was thou that sinned, thou art not to them which are to come.fallen alone, but we all that come of thee. 67: For if he shall not multiply his mercies,49: For what profit is it unto us, if there be the world would not continue with thempromised us an immortal time, whereas we that inherit therein.have done the works that bring death? 68: And he pardoneth; for if he did not so of50: And that there is promised us an ever- his goodness, that they which have commit-lasting hope, whereas ourselves being most ted iniquities might be eased of them, thewicked are made vain? ten thousandth part of men should not re-51: And that there are laid up for us dwell- main living.ings of health and safety, whereas we have 69: And being judge, if he should not forgivelived wickedly? them that are cured with his word, and put52: And that the glory of the most High is out the multitude of contentions,kept to defend them which have led a wary 70: There should be very few left peradven-life, whereas we have walked in the most ture in an innumerable multitude.wicked ways of all?53: And that there should be shewed a para-dise, whose fruit endureth for ever, wherein CHAPTER 8is security and medicine, since we shall notenter into it? And he answered me, saying, The most 33
  • High hath made this world for many, but the sorry;world to come for few. 16: And for thine inheritance, for whose2: I will tell thee a similitude, Esdras; As cause I mourn; and for Israel, for whom Iwhen thou askest the earth, it shall say unto am heavy; and for Jacob, for whose sake Ithee, that it giveth much mould whereof am troubled;earthen vessels are made, but little dust that 17: Therefore will I begin to pray beforegold cometh of: even so is the course of this thee for myself and for them: for I see thepresent world. falls of us that dwell in the land.3: There be many created, but few shall be 18: But I have heard the swiftness of thesaved. judge which is to come.4: So answered I and said, Swallow then 19: Therefore hear my voice, and understanddown, O my soul, understanding, and de- my words, and I shall speak before thee.vour wisdom. This is the beginning of the words of Es-5: For thou hast agreed to give ear, and art dras, before he was taken up: and I said,willing to prophesy: for thou hast no longer 20: O Lord, thou that dwellest in everlast-space than only to live. ingness which beholdest from above things6: O Lord, if thou suffer not thy servant, in the heaven and in the air;that we may pray before thee, and thou give 21: Whose throne is inestimable; whoseus seed unto our heart, and culture to our glory may not be comprehended; beforeunderstanding, that there may come fruit of whom the hosts of angels stand with trem-it; how shall each man live that is corrupt, bling,who beareth the place of a man? 22: Whose service is conversant in wind and7: For thou art alone, and we all one work- fire; whose word is true, and sayings con-manship of thine hands, like as thou hast stant; whose commandment is strong, andsaid. ordinance fearful;8: For when the body is fashioned now in 23: Whose look drieth up the depths, andthe mothers womb, and thou givest it mem- indignation maketh the mountains to meltbers, thy creature is preserved in fire and away; which the truth witnesseth:water, and nine months doth thy workman- 24: O hear the prayer of thy servant, andship endure thy creature which is created in give ear to the petition of thy creature.her. 25: For while I live I will speak, and so long9: But that which keepeth and is kept shall as I have understanding I will answer.both be preserved: and when the time 26: O look not upon the sins of thy people;cometh, the womb preserved delivereth up but on them which serve thee in truth.the things that grew in it. 27: Regard not the wicked inventions of the10: For thou hast commanded out of the heathen, but the desire of those that keepparts of the body, that is to say, out of the thy testimonies in afflictions.breasts, milk to be given, which is the fruit 28: Think not upon those that have walkedof the breasts, feignedly before thee: but remember them,11: That the thing which is fashioned may which according to thy will have known thybe nourished for a time, till thou disposest it fear.to thy mercy. 29: Let it not be thy will to destroy them12: Thou broughtest it up with thy right- which have lived like beasts; but to lookeousness, and nurturedst it in thy law, and upon them that have clearly taught thy law.reformedst it with thy judgment. 30: Take thou no indignation at them which13: And thou shalt mortify it as thy creature, are deemed worse than beasts; but loveand quicken it as thy work. them that always put their trust in thy right-14: If therefore thou shalt destroy him eousness and glory.which with so great labour was fashioned, it 31: For we and our fathers do languish ofis an easy thing to be ordained by thy com- such diseases: but because of us sinners thoumandment, that the thing which was made shalt be called merciful.might be preserved. 32: For if thou hast a desire to have mercy15: Now therefore, Lord, I will speak; touch- upon us, thou shalt be called merciful, to using man in general, thou knowest best; but namely, that have no works of righteous-touching thy people, for whose sake I am ness. 34
  • 33: For the just, which have many good than I: but I have ofttimes drawn nigh untoworks laid up with thee, shall out of their thee, and unto it, but never to the unrighte-own deeds receive reward. ous.34: For what is man, that thou shouldest 48: In this also thou art marvellous beforetake displeasure at him? or what is a cor- the most High:ruptible generation, that thou shouldest be 49: In that thou hast humbled thyself, as itso bitter toward it? becometh thee, and hast not judged thyself35: For in truth them is no man among them worthy to be much glorified among thethat be born, but he hath dealt wickedly; and righteous.among the faithful there is none which hath 50: For many great miseries shall be done tonot done amiss. them that in the latter time shall dwell in the36: For in this, O Lord, thy righteousness world, because they have walked in greatand thy goodness shall be declared, if thou pride.be merciful unto them which have not the 51: But understand thou for thyself, andconfidence of good works. seek out the glory for such as be like thee.37: Then answered he me, and said, Some 52: For unto you is paradise opened, the treethings hast thou spoken aright, and accord- of life is planted, the time to come is pre-ing unto thy words it shall be. pared, plenteousness is made ready, a city is38: For indeed I will not think on the dispo- builded, and rest is allowed, yea, perfectsition of them which have sinned before goodness and wisdom.death, before judgment, before destruction: 53: The root of evil is sealed up from you,39: But I will rejoice over the disposition of weakness and the moth is hid from you, andthe righteous, and I will remember also their corruption is fled into hell to be forgotten:pilgrimage, and the salvation, and the re- 54: Sorrows are passed, and in the end isward, that they shall have. shewed the treasure of immortality.40: Like as I have spoken now, so shall it 55: And therefore ask thou no more ques-come to pass. tions concerning the multitude of them that41: For as the husbandman soweth much perish.seed upon the ground, and planteth many 56: For when they had taken liberty, theytrees, and yet the thing that is sown good in despised the most High, thought scorn ofhis season cometh not up, neither doth all his law, and forsook his ways.that is planted take root: even so is it of 57: Moreover they have trodden down histhem that are sown in the world; they shall righteous,not all be saved. 58: And said in their heart, that there is no42: I answered then and said, If I have God; yea, and that knowing they must die.found grace, let me speak. 59: For as the things aforesaid shalt receive43: Like as the husbandmans seed perisheth, you, so thirst and pain are prepared forif it come not up, and receive not thy rain in them: for it was not his will that men shoulddue season; or if there come too much rain, come to nought:and corrupt it: 60: But they which be created have defiled44: Even so perisheth man also, which is the name of him that made them, and wereformed with thy hands, and is called thine unthankful unto him which prepared life forown image, because thou art like unto him, them.for whose sake thou hast made all things, 61: And therefore is my judgment now atand likened him unto the husbandmans hand.seed. 62: These things have I not shewed unto all45: Be not wroth with us but spare thy peo- men, but unto thee, and a few like thee.ple, and have mercy upon thine own inheri- Then answered I and said,tance: for thou art merciful unto thy crea- 63: Behold, O Lord, now hast thou shewedture. me the multitude of the wonders, which46: Then answered he me, and said, Things thou wilt begin to do in the last times: but atpresent are for the present, and things to what time, thou hast not shewed me.cometh for such as be to come.47: For thou comest far short that thoushouldest be able to love my creature more 35
  • CHAPTER 9 man is, such also is the work; and as theHe answered me then, and said, Measure husbandman ls himself, so is his husbandry also: for it was the time of the world.thou the time diligently in itself: and when 18: And now when I prepared the world,thou seest part of the signs past, which I which was not yet made, even for them tohave told thee before, dwell in that now live, no man spake against2: Then shalt thou understand, that it is the me.very same time, wherein the Highest will 19: For then every one obeyed: but now thebegin to visit the world which he made. manners of them which are created in this3: Therefore when there shall be seen earth- world that is made are corrupted by a per-quakes and uproars of the people in the petual seed, and by a law which is unsearch-world: able rid themselves.4: Then shalt thou well understand, that the 20: So I considered the world, and, behold,most High spake of those things from the there was peril because of the devices thatdays that were before thee, even from the were come into it.beginning. 21: And I saw, and spared it greatly, and5: For like as all that is made in the world have kept me a grape of the cluster, and ahath a beginning and an end, and the end is plant of a great people.manifest: 22: Let the multitude perish then, which was6: Even so the times also of the Highest born in vain; and let my grape be kept, andhave plain beginnings in wonder and power- my plant; for with great labour have I madeful works, and endings in effects and signs. it perfect.7: And every one that shall be saved, and 23: Nevertheless, if thou wilt cease yet sevenshall be able to escape by his works, and by days more, (but thou shalt not fast in them,faith, whereby ye have believed, 24: But go into a field of flowers, where no8: Shall be preserved from the said perils, house is builded, and eat only the flowers ofand shall see my salvation in my land, and the field; taste no flesh, drink no wine, butwithin my borders: for I have sanctified eat flowers only;)them for me from the beginning. 25: And pray unto the Highest continually,9: Then shall they be in pitiful case, which then will I come and talk with thee.now have abused my ways: and they that 26: So I went my way into the field which ishave cast them away despitefully shall dwell called Ardath, like as he commanded me;in torments. and there I sat among the flowers, and did10: For such as in their life have received eat of the herbs of the field, and the meat ofbenefits, and have not known me; the same satisfied me.11: And they that have loathed my law, 27: After seven days I sat upon the grass,while they had yet liberty, and, when as yet and my heart was vexed within me, like asplace of repentance was open unto them, before:understood not, but despised it; 28: And I opened my mouth, and began to12: The same must know it after death by talk before the most High, and said,pain. 29: O Lord, thou that shewest thyself unto13: And therefore be thou not curious how us, thou wast shewed unto our fathers in thethe ungodly shall be punished, and when: wilderness, in a place where no manbut enquire how the righteous shall be treadeth, in a barren place, when they camesaved, whose the world is, and for whom the out of Egypt.world is created. 30: And thou spakest saying, Hear me, O14: Then answered I and said, Israel; and mark my words, thou seed of15: I have said before, and now do speak, Jacob.and will speak it also hereafter, that there be 31: For, behold, I sow my law in you, and itmany more of them which perish, than of shall bring fruit in you, and ye shall be hon-them which shall be saved: oured in it for ever.16: Like as a wave is greater than a drop. 32: But our fathers, which received the law,17: And he answered me, saying, Like as the kept it not, and observed not thy ordinances:field is, so is also the seed; as the flowers be, and though the fruit of thy law did not per-such are the colours also; such as the work- ish, neither could it, for it was thine; 36
  • 33: Yet they that received it perished, be- 2: Then we all overthrew the lights, and allcause they kept not the thing that was sown my neighbours rose up to comfort me: so Iin them. took my rest unto the second day at night.34: And, lo, it ls a custom, when the ground 3: And it came to pass, when they had all lefthath received seed, or the sea a ship, or any off to comfort me, to the end I might bevessel meat or drink, that, that being per- quiet; then rose I up by night and fled, andished wherein it was sown or cast into, came hither into this field, as thou seest.35: That thing also which was sown, or cast 4: And I do now purpose not to return intotherein, or received, doth perish, and re- the city, but here to stay, and neither to eatmaineth not with us: but with us it hath not nor drink, but continually to mourn and tohappened so. fast until I die.36: For we that have received the law perish 5: Then left I the meditations wherein I was,by sin, and our heart also which received it and spake to her in anger, saying,37: Notwithstanding the law perisheth not, 6: Thou foolish woman above all other,but remaineth in his force. seest thou not our mourning, and what hap-38: And when I spake these things in my peneth unto us?heart, I looked back with mine eyes, and 7: How that Sion our mother is full of allupon the right side I saw a woman, and, heaviness, and much humbled, mourningbehold, she mourned and wept with a loud very sore?voice, and was much grieved in heart, and 8: And now, seeing we all mourn and areher clothes were rent, and she had ashes sad, for we are all in heaviness, art thouupon her head. grieved for one son?39: Then let I my thoughts go that I was in, 9: For ask the earth, and she shall tell thee,and turned me unto her, that it is she which ought to mourn for the40: And said unto her, Wherefore weepest fall of so many that grow upon her.thou? why art thou so grieved in thy mind? 10: For out of her came all at the first, and41: And she said unto me, Sir, let me alone, out of her shall all others come, and, behold,that I may bewail myself, and add unto my they walk almost all into destruction, and asorrow, for I am sore vexed in my mind, and multitude of them is utterly rooted out.brought very low. 11: Who then should make more mourning42: And I said unto her, What aileth thee? than she, that hath lost so great a multitude;tell me. and not thou, which art sorry but for one?43: She said unto me, I thy servant have 12: But if thou sayest unto me, My lamenta-been barren, and had no child, though I had tion is not like the earths, because I havean husband thirty years, lost the fruit of my womb, which I brought44: And those thirty years I did nothing else forth with pains, and bare with sorrows;day and night, and every hour, but make my, 13: But the earth not so: for the multitudeprayer to the Highest. present in it according to the course of the45: After thirty years God heard me thine earth is gone, as it came:handmaid, looked upon my misery, consid- 14: Then say I unto thee, Like as thou hastered my trouble, and gave me a son: and I brought forth with labour; even so the earthwas very glad of him, so was my husband also hath given her fruit, namely, man, everalso, and all my neighbours: and we gave since the beginning unto him that made her.great honour unto the Almighty. 15: Now therefore keep thy sorrow to thy-46: And I nourished him with great travail. self, and bear with a good courage that47: So when he grew up, and came to the which hath befallen thee.time that he should have a wife, I made a 16: For if thou shalt acknowledge the deter-feast. mination of God to be just, thou shalt both receive thy son in time, and shalt be com- mended among women. CHAPTER 10 17: Go thy way then into the city to thineA nd it so came to pass, that when my son husband. 18: And she said unto me, That will I notwas entered into his wedding chamber, he do: I will not go into the city, but here will Ifell down, and died. die. 37
  • 19: So I proceeded to speak further unto said unto me,her, and said, 31: What aileth thee? and why art thou so20: Do not so, but be counselled. by me: for disquieted? and why is thine understandinghow many are the adversities of Sion? be troubled, and the thoughts of thine heart?comforted in regard of the sorrow of Jerusa- 32: And I said, Because thou hast forsakenlem. me, and yet I did according to thy words,21: For thou seest that our sanctuary is laid and I went into the field, and, lo, I havewaste, our altar broken down, our temple seen, and yet see, that I am not able to ex-destroyed; press.22: Our psaltery is laid on the ground, our 33: And he said unto me, Stand up manfully,song is put to silence, our rejoicing is at an and I will advise thee.end, the light of our candlestick is put out, 34: Then said I, Speak on, my lord, in me;the ark of our covenant is spoiled, our holy only forsake me not, lest I die frustrate ofthings are defiled, and the name that is called my hope.upon us is almost profaned: our children are 35: For I have seen that I knew not, andput to shame, our priests are burnt, our Le- hear that I do not know.vites are gone into captivity, our virgins are 36: Or is my sense deceived, or my soul in adefiled, and our wives ravished; our right- dream?eous men carried away, our little ones de- 37: Now therefore I beseech thee that thoustroyed, our young men are brought in wilt shew thy servant of this vision.bondage, and our strong men are become 38: He answered me then, and said, Hearweak; me, and I shall inform thee, and tell thee23: And, which is the greatest of all, the seal wherefore thou art afraid: for the Highestof Sion hath now lost her honour; for she is will reveal many secret things unto thee.delivered into the hands of them that hate 39: He hath seen that thy way is right: forus. that thou sorrowest continually for thy peo-24: And therefore shake off thy great heavi- ple, and makest great lamentation for Sion.ness, and put away the multitude of sorrows, 40: This therefore is the meaning of thethat the Mighty may be merciful unto thee vision which thou lately sawest:again, and the Highest shall give thee rest 41: Thou sawest a woman mourning, andand ease from thy labour. thou begannest to comfort her:25: And it came to pass while I was talking 42: But now seest thou the likeness of thewith her, behold, her face upon a sudden woman no more, but there appeared untoshined exceedingly, and her countenance thee a city builded.glistered, so that I was afraid of her, and 43: And whereas she told thee of the deathmused what it might be. of her son, this is the solution:26: And, behold, suddenly she made a great 44: This woman, whom thou sawest is Sion:cry very fearful: so that the earth shook at and whereas she said unto thee, even shethe noise of the woman. whom thou seest as a city builded,27: And I looked, and, behold, the woman 45: Whereas, I say, she said unto thee, thatappeared unto me no more, but there was a she hath been thirty years barren: those arecity builded, and a large place shewed itself the thirty years wherein there was no offer-from the foundations: then was I afraid, and ing made in her.cried with a loud voice, and said, 46: But after thirty years Solomon builded28: Where is Uriel the angel, who came unto the city and offered offerings: and then bareme at the first? for he hath caused me to fall the barren a son.into many trances, and mine end is turned 47: And whereas she told thee that she nour-into corruption, and my prayer to rebuke. ished him with labour: that was the dwelling29: And as I was speaking these words be- in Jerusalem.hold, he came unto me, and looked upon 48: But whereas she said unto thee, That myme. son coming into his marriage chamber hap-30: And, lo, I lay as one that had been dead, pened to have a fail, and died: this was theand mine understanding was taken from me: destruction that came to Jerusalem.and he took me by the right hand, and com- 49: And, behold, thou sawest her likeness,forted me, and set me upon my feet, and and because she mourned for her son, thou 38
  • begannest to comfort her: and of these 6: And I saw that all things under heaventhings which have chanced, these are to be were subject unto her, and no man spakeopened unto thee. against her, no, not one creature upon earth.50: For now the most High seeth that thou 7: And I beheld, and, lo, the eagle rose uponart grieved unfeignedly, and sufferest from her talons, and spake to her feathers, saying,thy whole heart for her, so hath he shewed 8: Watch not all at once: sleep every one inthee the brightness of her glory, and the his own place, and watch by course:comeliness of her beauty: 9: But let the heads be preserved for the last.51: And therefore I bade thee remain in the 10: And I beheld, and, lo, the voice went notfield where no house was builded: out of her heads, but from the midst of her52: For I knew that the Highest would shew body.this unto thee. 11: And I numbered her contrary feathers,53: Therefore I commanded thee to go into and, behold, there were eight of them.the field, where no foundation of any build- 12: And I looked, and, behold, on the righting was. side there arose one feather, and reigned54: For in the place wherein the Highest over all the earth;beginneth to shew his city, there can no 13: And so it was, that when it reigned, themans building be able to stand. end of it came, and the place thereof ap-55: And therefore fear not, let not thine peared no more: so the next following stoodheart be affrighted, but go thy way in, and up. and reigned, and had a great time;see the beauty and greatness of the building, 14: And it happened, that when it reigned,as much as thine eyes be able to see: the end of it came also, like as the first, so56: And then shalt thou hear as much as that it appeared no more.thine ears may comprehend. 15: Then came there a voice unto it, and57: For thou art blessed above many other, said,and art called with the Highest; and so are 16: Hear thou that hast borne rule over thebut few. earth so long: this I say unto thee, before58: But to morrow at night thou shalt re- thou beginnest to appear no more,main here; 17: There shall none after thee attain unto59: And so shall the Highest shew thee vi- thy time, neither unto the half thereof.sions of the high things, which the most 18: Then arose the third, and reigned as theHigh will do unto them that dwell upon the other before, and appeared no more also.earth in the last days. So I slept that night 19: So went it with all the residue one afterand another, like as he commanded me. another, as that every one reigned, and then appeared no more. 20: Then I beheld, and, lo, in process of time the feathers that followed stood up CHAPTER 11 upon the right side, that they might rule also;Then saw I a dream, and, behold, there and some of them ruled, but within a while they appeared no more:came up from the sea an eagle, which had 21: For some of them were set up, but ruledtwelve feathered wings, and three heads. not.2: And I saw, and, behold, she spread her 22: After this I looked, and, behold, thewings over all the earth, and all the winds of twelve feathers appeared no more, nor thethe air blew on her, and were gathered to- two little feathers:gether. 23: And there was no more upon the eagles3: And I beheld, and out of her feathers body, but three heads that rested, and sixthere grew other contrary feathers; and they little wings.became little feathers and small. 24: Then saw I also that two little feathers4: But her heads were at rest: the head in the divided themselves from the six, and re-midst was greater than the other, yet rested mained under the head that was upon theit with the residue. right side: for the four continued in their5: Moreover I beheld, and, lo, the eagle flew place.with her feathers, and reigned upon earth, 25: And I beheld, and, lo, the feathers thatand over them that dwelt therein. were under the wing thought to set up them- 39
  • selves and to have the rule. brought forth fruit, and hast cast down the26: And I beheld, and, lo, there was one set walls of such as did thee no harm.up, but shortly it appeared no more. 43: Therefore is thy wrongful dealing come27: And the second was sooner away than up unto the Highest, and thy pride unto thethe first. Mighty.28: And I beheld, and, lo, the two that re- 44: The Highest also hath looked upon themained thought also in themselves to reign: proud times, and, behold, they are ended,29: And when they so thought, behold, there and his abominations are fulfilled.awaked one of the heads that were at rest, 45: And therefore appear no more, thounamely, it that was in the midst; for that was eagle, nor thy horrible wings, nor thy wickedgreater than the two other heads. feathers nor thy malicious heads, nor thy30: And then I saw that the two other heads hurtful claws, nor all thy vain body:were joined with it. 46: That all the earth may be refreshed, and31: And, behold, the head was turned with may return, being delivered from thy vio-them that were with it, and did eat up the lence, and that she may hope for the judg-two feathers under the wing that would have ment and mercy of him that made her.reigned.32: But this head put the whole earth in fear,and bare rule in it over all those that dwelt CHAPTER 12upon the earth with much oppression; and ithad the governance of the world more than A nd it came to pass, whiles the lion spakeall the wings that had been. these words unto the eagle, I saw,33: And after this I beheld, and, lo, the head 2: And, behold, the head that remained andthat was in the midst suddenly appeared no the four wings appeared no more, and themore, like as the wings. two went unto it and set themselves up to34: But there remained the two heads, which reign, and their kingdom was small, and fillalso in like sort ruled upon the earth, and of uproar.over those that dwelt therein. 3: And I saw, and, behold, they appeared no35: And I beheld, and, lo, the head upon the more, and the whole body of the eagle wasright side devoured it that was upon the left burnt so that the earth was in great fear:side. then awaked I out of the trouble and trance36: Then I head a voice, which said unto me, of my mind, and from great fear, and saidLook before thee, and consider the thing unto my spirit,that thou seest. 4: Lo, this hast thou done unto me, in that37: And I beheld, and lo, as it were a roaring thou searchest out the ways of the Highest.lion chased out of the wood: and I saw that 5: Lo, yet am I weary in my mind, and veryhe sent out a mans voice unto the eagle, and weak in my spirit; and little strength is theresaid, in me, for the great fear wherewith I was38: Hear thou, I will talk with thee, and the afflicted this night.Highest shall say unto thee, 6: Therefore will I now beseech the Highest,39: Art not thou it that remainest of the four that he will comfort me unto the end.beasts, whom I made to reign in my world, 7: And I said, Lord that bearest rule, if Ithat the end of their times might come have found grace before thy sight, and if Ithrough them? am justified with thee before many others,40: And the fourth came, and overcame all and if my prayer indeed be come up beforethe beasts that were past, and had power thy face;over the world with great fearfulness, and 8: Comfort me then, and shew me thy ser-over the whole compass of the earth with vant the interpretation and plain differencemuch wicked oppression; and so long time of this fearful vision, that thou mayest per-dwelt he upon the earth with deceit. fectly comfort my soul.41: For the earth hast thou not judged with 9: For thou hast judged me worthy to shewtruth. me the last times.42: For thou hast afflicted the meek, thou 10: And he said unto me, This is the inter-hast hurt the peaceable, thou hast loved liars, pretation of the vision:and destroyed the dwellings of them that 11: The eagle, whom thou sawest come up 40
  • from the sea, is the kingdom which was seen the sword himself.in the vision of thy brother Daniel. 29: And whereas thou sawest two feathers12: But it was not expounded unto him, under the wings passing over the head that istherefore now I declare it unto thee. on the right side;13: Behold, the days will come, that there 30: It signifieth that these are they, whomshall rise up a kingdom upon earth, and it the Highest hath kept unto their end: this isshall be feared above all the kingdoms that the small kingdom and full of trouble, aswere before it. thou sawest.14: In the same shall twelve kings reign, one 31: And the lion, whom thou sawest risingafter another: up out of the wood, and roaring, and speak-15: Whereof the second shall begin to reign, ing to the eagle, and rebuking her for herand shall have more time than any of the unrighteousness with all the words whichtwelve. thou hast heard;16: And this do the twelve wings signify, 32: This is the anointed, which the Highestwhich thou sawest. hath kept for them and for their wickedness17: As for the voice which thou heardest unto the end: he shall reprove them, andspeak, and that thou sawest not to go out shall upbraid them with their cruelty.from the heads but from the midst of the 33: For he shall set them before him alive inbody thereof, this is the interpretation: judgment, and shall rebuke them, and cor-18: That after the time of that kingdom rect them.there shall arise great strivings, and it shall 34: For the rest of my people shall he deliverstand in peril of failing: nevertheless it shall with mercy, those that have been pressednot then fall, but shall be restored again to upon my borders, and he shall make themhis beginning. joyful until the coming of the day of judg-19: And whereas thou sawest the eight small ment, whereof I have spoken unto theeunder feathers sticking to her wings, this is from the the beginning.the interpretation: 35: This is the dream that thou sawest, and20: That in him there shall arise eight kings, these are the interpretations.whose times shall be but small, and their 36: Thou only hast been meet to know thisyears swift. secret of the Highest.21: And two of them shall perish, the middle 37: Therefore write all these things that thoutime approaching: four shall be kept until hast seen in a book, and hide them:their end begin to approach: but two shall be 38: And teach them to the wise of the peo-kept unto the end. ple, whose hearts thou knowest may com-22: And whereas thou sawest three heads prehend and keep these secrets.resting, this is the interpretation: 39: But wait thou here thyself yet seven days23: In his last days shall the most High raise more, that it may be shewed thee, whatso-up three kingdoms, and renew many things ever it pleaseth the Highest to declare untotherein, and they shall have the dominion of thee. And with that he went his way.the earth, 40: And it came to pass, when all the people24: And of those that dwell therein, with saw that the seven days were past, and I notmuch oppression, above all those that were come again into the city, they gathered thembefore them: therefore are they called the all together, from the least unto the greatest,heads of the eagle. and came unto me, and said,25: For these are they that shall accomplish 41: What have we offended thee? and whathis wickedness, and that shall finish his last evil have we done against thee, that thouend. forsakest us, and sittest here in this place?26: And whereas thou sawest that the great 42: For of all the prophets thou only art lefthead appeared no more, it signifieth that one us, as a cluster of the vintage, and as a can-of them shall die upon his bed, and yet with dle in a dark place, and as a haven or shippain. preserved from the tempest.27: For the two that remain shall be slain 43: Are not the evils which are come to uswith the sword. sufficient?28: For the sword of the one shall devour 44: If thou shalt forsake us, how much bet-the other: but at the last shall he fall through ter had it been for us, if we also had been 41
  • burned in the midst of Sion? 10: But only I saw that he sent out of his45: For we are not better than they that died mouth as it had been a blast of fire, and outthere. And they wept with a loud voice. of his lips a flaming breath, and out of hisThen answered I them, and said, tongue he cast out sparks and tempests.46: Be of good comfort, O Israel; and be not 11: And they were all mixed together; theheavy, thou house of Jacob: blast of fire, the flaming breath, and the47: For the Highest hath you in remem- great tempest; and fell with violence uponbrance, and the Mighty hath not forgotten the multitude which was prepared to fight,you in temptation. and burned them up every one, so that upon48: As for me, I have not forsaken you, nei- a sudden of an innumerable multitude noth-ther am I departed from you: but am come ing was to be perceived, but only dust andinto this place, to pray for the desolation of smell of smoke: when I saw this I was afraid.Sion, and that I might seek mercy for the 12: Afterward saw I the same man comelow estate of your sanctuary. down from the mountain, and call unto him49: And now go your way home every man, another peaceable Multitude.and after these days will I come unto you. 13: And there came much people unto him,50: So the people went their way into the whereof some were glad, some were sorry,city, like as I commanded them: and some of them were bound, and other51: But I remained still in the field seven some brought of them that were offered:days, as the angel commanded me; and did then was I sick through great fear, and Ieat only in those days of the flowers of the awaked, and said,field, and had my meat of the herbs 14: Thou hast shewed thy servant these wonders from the beginning, and hast counted me worthy that thou shouldest CHAPTER 13 receive my prayer:A nd it came to pass after seven days, I 15: Shew me now yet the interpretation of this dream.dreamed a dream by night: 16: For as I conceive in mine understanding,2: And, lo, there arose a wind from the sea, woe unto them that shall be left in thosethat it moved all the waves thereof. days and much more woe unto them that are3: And I beheld, and, lo, that man waxed not left behind!strong with the thousands of heaven: and 17: For they that were not left were in heavi-when he turned his countenance to look, all ness.the things trembled that were seen under 18: Now understand I the things that are laidhim. up in the latter days, which shall happen4: And whensoever the voice went out of his unto them, and to those that are left behind.mouth, all they burned that heard his voice, 19: Therefore are they come into great perilslike as the earth faileth when it feeleth the and many necessities, like as these dreamsfire. declare.5: And after this I beheld, and, lo, there was 20: Yet is it easier for him that is in dangergathered together a multitude of men, out of to come into these things, than to pass awaynumber, from the four winds of the heaven, as a cloud out of the world, and not to seeto subdue the man that came out of the sea the things that happen in the last days. And6: But I beheld, and, lo, he had graved him- he answered unto me, and said,self a great mountain, and flew up upon it. 21: The interpretation of the vision shall I7: But I would have seen the region or place shew thee, and I will open unto thee thewhereout the hill was graven, and I could thing that thou hast required.not. 22: Whereas thou hast spoken of them that8: And after this I beheld, and, lo, all they are left behind, this is the interpretation:which were gathered together to subdue him 23: He that shall endure the peril in that timewere sore afraid, and yet durst fight. hath kept himself: they that be fallen into9: And, lo, as he saw the violence of the danger are such as have works, and faithmultitude that came, he neither lifted up his toward the Almighty.hand, nor held sword, nor any instrument of 24: Know this therefore, that they which bewar: left behind are more blessed than they that 42
  • be dead. carried away prisoners out of their own land25: This is the meaning of the vision: in the time of Osea the king, whom Salma-Whereas thou sawest a man coming up from nasar the king of Assyria led away captive,the midst of the sea: and he carried them over the waters, and so26: The same is he whom God the Highest came they into another land.hath kept a great season, which by his own 41: But they took this counsel among them-self shall deliver his creature: and he shall selves, that they would leave the multitudeorder them that are left behind. of the heathen, and go forth into a further27: And whereas thou sawest, that out of his country, where never mankind dwelt,mouth there came as a blast of wind, and 42: That they might there keep their statutes,fire, and storm; which they never kept in their own land.28: And that he held neither sword, nor any 43: And they entered into Euphrates by theinstrument of war, but that the rushing in of narrow places of the river.him destroyed the whole multitude that 44: For the most High then shewed signs forcame to subdue him; this is the interpreta- them, and held still the flood, till they weretion: passed over.29: Behold, the days come, when the most 45: For through that country there was aHigh will begin to deliver them that are great way to go, namely, of a year and a half:upon the earth. and the same region is called Arsareth.30: And he shall come to the astonishment 46: Then dwelt they there until the latterof them that dwell on the earth. time; and now when they shall begin to31: And one shall undertake to fight against come,another, one city against another, one place 47: The Highest shall stay the springs of theagainst another, one people against another, stream again, that they may go through:and one realm against another. therefore sawest thou the multitude with32: And the time shall be when these things peace.shall come to pass, and the signs shall hap- 48: But those that be left behind of thy peo-pen which I shewed thee before, and then ple are they that are found within my bor-shall my Son be declared, whom thou sawest ders.as a man ascending. 49: Now when he destroyeth the multitude33: And when all the people hear his voice, of the nations that are gathered together, heevery man shall in their own land leave the shall defend his people that remain.battle they have one against another. 50: And then shall he shew them great won-34: And an innumerable multitude shall be ders.gathered together, as thou sawest them, 51: Then said I, O Lord that bearest rule,willing to come, and to overcome him by shew me this: Wherefore have I seen thefighting. man coming up from the midst of the sea?35: But he shall stand upon the top of the 52: And he said unto me, Like as thou canstmount Sion. neither seek out nor know the things that36: And Sion shall come, and shall be are in the deep of the sea: even so can noshewed to all men, being prepared and man upon earth see my Son, or those that bebuilded, like as thou sawest the hill graven with him, but in the day time.without hands. 53: This is the interpretation of the dream37: And this my Son shall rebuke the wicked which thou sawest, and whereby thou onlyinventions of those nations, which for their art here lightened.wicked life are fallen into the tempest; 54: For thou hast forsaken thine own way,38: And shall lay before them their evil and applied thy diligence unto my law, andthoughts, and the torments wherewith they sought it.shall begin to be tormented, which are like 55: Thy life hast thou ordered in wisdom,unto a flame: and he shall destroy them and hast called understanding thy mother.without labour by the law which is like unto 56: And therefore have I shewed thee theme. treasures of the Highest: after other three39: And whereas thou sawest that he gath- days I will speak other things unto thee, andered another peaceable multitude unto him; declare unto thee mighty and wondrous40: Those are the ten tribes, which were things. 43
  • 57: Then went I forth into the field, giving these times.praise and thanks greatly unto the most 16: For yet greater evils than those whichHigh because of his wonders which he did thou hast seen happen shall be done hereaf-in time; ter.58: And because he governeth the same, and 17: For look how much the world shall besuch things as fall in their seasons: and there weaker through age, so much the more shallI sat three days. evils increase upon them that dwell therein. 18: For the time is fled far away, and leasing is hard at hand: for now hasteth the vision to come, which thou hast seen. CHAPTER 14 19: Then answered I before thee, and said,A nd it came to pass upon the third day, I 20: Behold, Lord, I will go, as thou hast commanded me, and reprove the peoplesat under an oak, and, behold, there came a which are present: but they that shall bevoice out of a bush over against me, and born afterward, who shall admonish them?said, Esdras, Esdras. thus the world is set in darkness, and they2: And I said, Here am I, Lord And I stood that dwell therein are without light.up upon my feet. 21: For thy law is burnt, therefore no man3: Then said he unto me, In the bush I did knoweth the things that are done of thee, ormanifestly reveal myself unto Moses, and the work that shall begin.talked with him, when my people served in 22: But if I have found grace before thee,Egypt: send the Holy Ghost into me, and I shall4: And I sent him and led my people out of write all that hath been done in the worldEgypt, and brought him up to the mount of since the beginning, which were written inwhere I held him by me a long season, thy law, that men may find thy path, and5: And told him many wondrous things, and that they which will live in the latter daysshewed him the secrets of the times, and the may live.end; and commanded him, saying, 23: And he answered me, saying, Go thy6: These words shalt thou declare, and these way, gather the people together, and sayshalt thou hide. unto them, that they seek thee not for forty7: And now I say unto thee, days.8: That thou lay up in thy heart the signs 24: But look thou prepare thee many boxthat I have shewed, and the dreams that trees, and take with thee Sarea, Dabria,thou hast seen, and the interpretations Selemia, Ecanus, and Asiel, these five whichwhich thou hast heard: are ready to write swiftly;9: For thou shalt be taken away from all, and 25: And come hither, and I shall light a can-from henceforth thou shalt remain with my dle of understanding in thine heart, whichSon, and with such as be like thee, until the shall not be put out, till the things be per-times be ended. formed which thou shalt begin to write.10: For the world hath lost his youth, and 26: And when thou hast done, some thingsthe times begin to wax old. shalt thou publish, and some things shalt11: For the world is divided into twelve thou shew secretly to the wise: to morrowparts, and the ten parts of it are gone al- this hour shalt thou begin to write.ready, and half of a tenth part: 27: Then went I forth, as he commanded,12: And there remaineth that which is after and gathered all the people together, andthe half of the tenth part. said,13: Now therefore set thine house in order, 28: Hear these words, O Israel.and reprove thy people, comfort such of 29: Our fathers at the beginning were strang-them as be in trouble, and now renounce ers in Egypt, from whence they were deliv-corruption, ered:14: Let go from thee mortal thoughts, cast 30: And received the law of life, which theyaway the burdens of man, put off now the kept not, which ye also have transgressedweak nature, after them.15: And set aside the thoughts that are most 31: Then was the land, even the land ofheavy unto thee, and haste thee to flee from Sion, parted among you by lot: but your 44
  • fathers, and ye yourselves, have done un- 48: And I did so.righteousness, and have not kept the wayswhich the Highest commanded you.32: And forasmuch as he is a righteous CHAPTER 15judge, he took from you in time the thingthat he had given you. B ehold, speak thou in the ears of my peo-33: And now are ye here, and your brethren ple the words of prophecy, which I will putamong you. in thy mouth, saith the Lord:34: Therefore if so be that ye will subdue 2: And cause them to be written in paper:your own understanding, and reform your for they are faithful and true.hearts, ye shall be kept alive and after death 3: Fear not the imaginations against thee, letye shall obtain mercy. not the incredulity of them trouble thee, that35: For after death shall the judgment come, speak against thee.when we shall live again: and then shall the 4: For all the unfaithful shall die in theirnames of the righteous be manifest, and the unfaithfulness.works of the ungodly shall be declared. 5: Behold, saith the Lord, I will bring36: Let no man therefore come unto me plagues upon the world; the sword, famine,now, nor seek after me these forty days. death, and destruction.37: So I took the five men, as he com- 6: For wickedness hath exceedingly pollutedmanded me, and we went into the field, and the whole earth, and their hurtful works areremained there. fulfilled.38: And the next day, behold, a voice called 7: Therefore saith the Lord,me, saying, Esdras, open thy mouth, and 8: I will hold my tongue no more as touch-drink that I give thee to drink. ing their wickedness, which they profanely39: Then opened I my mouth, and, behold, commit, neither will I suffer them in thosehe reached me a full cup, which was full as it things, in which they wickedly exercisewere with water, but the colour of it was like themselves: behold, the innocent and right-fire. eous blood crieth unto me, and the souls of40: And I took it, and drank: and when I had the just complain continually.drunk of it, my heart uttered understanding, 9: And therefore, saith the Lord, I will surelyand wisdom grew in my breast, for my spirit avenge them, and receive unto me all thestrengthened my memory: innocent blood from among them.41: And my mouth was opened, and shut no 10: Behold, my people is led as a flock to themore. slaughter: I will not suffer them now to42: The Highest gave understanding unto dwell in the land of Egypt:the five men, and they wrote the wonderful 11: But I will bring them with a mighty handvisions of the night that were told, which and a stretched out arm, and smite Egyptthey knew not: and they sat forty days, and with plagues, as before, and will destroy allthey wrote in the day, and at night they ate the land thereof.bread. 12: Egypt shall mourn, and the foundation43: As for me. I spake in the day, and I held of it shall be smitten with the plague andnot my tongue by night. punishment that God shall bring upon it.44: In forty days they wrote two hundred 13: They that till the ground shall mourn: forand four books. their seeds shall fail through the blasting and45: And it came to pass, when the forty days hail, and with a fearful constellation.were filled, that the Highest spake, saying, 14: Woe to the world and them that dwellThe first that thou hast written publish therein!openly, that the worthy and unworthy may 15: For the sword and their destructionread it: draweth nigh, and one people shall stand up46: But keep the seventy last, that thou may- and fight against another, and swords inest deliver them only to such as be wise their hands.among the people: 16: For there shall be sedition among men,47: For in them is the spring of understand- and invading one another; they shall noting, the fountain of wisdom, and the stream regard their kings nor princes, and theof knowledge. course of their actions shall stand in their 45
  • power. together in great power to persecute them,17: A man shall desire to go into a city, and 32: Then these shall be troubled bled, andshall not be able. keep silence through their power, and shall18: For because of their pride the cities shall flee.be troubled, the houses shall be destroyed, 33: And from the land of the Assyrians shalland men shall be afraid. the enemy besiege them, and consume some19: A man shall have no pity upon his of them, and in their host shall be fear andneighbour, but shall destroy their houses dread, and strife among their kings.with the sword, and spoil their goods, be- 34: Behold clouds from the east and fromcause of the lack of bread, and for great the north unto the south, and they are verytribulation. horrible to look upon, full of wrath and20: Behold, saith God, I will call together all storm.the kings of the earth to reverence me, 35: They shall smite one upon another, andwhich are from the rising of the sun, from they shall smite down a great multitude ofthe south, from the east, and Libanus; to stars upon the earth, even their own star;turn themselves one against another, and and blood shall be from the sword unto therepay the things that they have done to belly,them. 36: And dung of men unto the camels21: Like as they do yet this day unto my hough.chosen, so will I do also, and recompense in 37: And there shall be great fearfulness andtheir bosom. Thus saith the Lord God; trembling upon earth: and they that see the22: My right hand shall not spare the sinners, wrath shall be afraid, and trembling shalland my sword shall not cease over them that come upon them.shed innocent blood upon the earth. 38: And then shall there come great storms23: The fire is gone forth from his wrath, from the south, and from the north, andand hath consumed the foundations of the another part from the west.earth, and the sinners, like the straw that is 39: And strong winds shall arise from thekindled. east, and shall open it; and the cloud which24: Woe to them that sin, and keep not my he raised up in wrath, and the star stirred tocommandments! saith the Lord. cause fear toward the east and west wind,25: I will not spare them: go your way, ye shall be destroyed.children, from the power, defile not my 40: The great and mighty clouds shall besanctuary. puffed up full of wrath, and the star, that26: For the Lord knoweth all them that sin they may make all the earth afraid, and themagainst him, and therefore delivereth he that dwell therein; and they shall pour outthem unto death and destruction. over every high and eminent place an horri-27: For now are the plagues come upon the ble star,whole earth and ye shall remain in them: for 41: Fire, and hail, and flying swords, andGod shall not deliver you, because ye have many waters, that all fields may be full, andsinned against him. all rivers, with the abundance of great wa-28: Behold an horrible vision, and the ap- ters.pearance thereof from the east: 42: And they shall break down the cities and29: Where the nations of the dragons of walls, mountains and hills, trees of theArabia shall come out with many chariots, wood, and grass of the meadows, and theirand the multitude of them shall be carried as corn.the wind upon earth, that all they which hear 43: And they shall go stedfastly unto Baby-them may fear and tremble. lon, and make her afraid.30: Also the Carmanians raging in wrath 44: They shall come to her, and besiege her,shall go forth as the wild boars of the wood, the star and all wrath shall they pour outand with great power shall they come, and upon her: then shall the dust and smoke gojoin battle with them, and shall waste a por- up unto the heaven, and all they that betion of the land of the Assyrians. about her shall bewail her.31: And then shall the dragons have the 45: And they that remain under her shall doupper hand, remembering their nature; and service unto them that have put her in fear.if they shall turn themselves, conspiring 46: And thou, Asia, that art partaker of the 46
  • hope of Babylon, and art the glory of her 63: Thy children shall they carry away cap-person: tive, and, look, what thou hast, they shall47: Woe be unto thee, thou wretch, because spoil it, and mar the beauty of thy face.thou hast made thyself like unto her; andhast decked thy daughters in whoredom,that they might please and glory in thy lov- CHAPTER 16ers, which have always desired to commitwhoredom with thee. W oe be unto thee, Babylon, and Asia! woe48: Thou hast followed her that is hated in be unto thee, Egypt and Syria!all her works and inventions: therefore saith 2: Gird up yourselves with cloths of sackGod, and hair, bewail your children, and be sorry;49: I will send plagues upon thee; widow- for your destruction is at hand.hood, poverty, famine, sword, and pesti- 3: A sword is sent upon you, and who maylence, to waste thy houses with destruction turn it back?and death. 4: A fire is sent among you, and who may50: And the glory of thy Power shall be quench it?dried up as a flower, the heat shall arise that 5: Plagues are sent unto you, and what is heis sent over thee. that may drive them away?51: Thou shalt be weakened as a poor 6: May any man drive away an hungry lion inwoman with stripes, and as one chastised the wood? or may any one quench the fire inwith wounds, so that the mighty and lovers stubble, when it hath begun to burn?shall not be able to receive thee. 7: May one turn again the arrow that is shot52: Would I with jealousy have so proceeded of a strong archer?against thee, saith the Lord, 8: The mighty Lord sendeth the plagues and53: If thou hadst not always slain my chosen, who is he that can drive them away?exalting the stroke of thine hands, and say- 9: A fire shall go forth from his wrath, anding over their dead, when thou wast who is he that may quench it?drunken, 10: He shall cast lightnings, and who shall54: Set forth the beauty of thy countenance? not fear? he shall thunder, and who shall not55: The reward of thy whoredom shall be in be afraid?thy bosom, therefore shalt thou receive re- 11: The Lord shall threaten, and who shallcompence. not be utterly beaten to powder at his pres-56: Like as thou hast done unto my chosen, ence?saith the Lord, even so shall God do unto 12: The earth quaketh, and the foundationsthee, and shall deliver thee into mischief thereof; the sea ariseth up with waves from57: Thy children shall die of hunger, and the deep, and the waves of it are troubled,thou shalt fall through the sword: thy cities and the fishes thereof also, before the Lord,shall be broken down, and all thine shall and before the glory of his power:perish with the sword in the field. 13: For strong is his right hand that bendeth58: They that be in the mountains shall die the bow, his arrows that he shooteth areof hunger, and eat their own flesh, and drink sharp, and shall not miss, when they begintheir own blood, for very hunger of bread, to be shot into the ends of the world.and thirst of water. 14: Behold, the plagues are sent, and shall59: Thou as unhappy shalt come through the not return again, until they come upon thesea, and receive plagues again. earth.60: And in the passage they shall rush on the 15: The fire is kindled, and shall not be putidle city, and shall destroy some portion of out, till it consume the foundation of thethy land, and consume part of thy glory, and earth.shall return to Babylon that was destroyed. 16: Like as an arrow which is shot of a61: And thou shalt be cast down by them as mighty archer returneth not backward: evenstubble, and they shall be unto thee as fire; so the plagues that shall be sent upon earth62: And shall consume thee, and thy cities, shall not return again.thy land, and thy mountains; all thy woods 17: Woe is me! woe is me! who will deliverand thy fruitful trees shall they burn up with me in those days?fire. 18: The beginning of sorrows and great 47
  • mournings; the beginning of famine and 35: Hear now these things and understandgreat death; the beginning of wars, and the them, ye servants of the Lord.powers shall stand in fear; the beginning of 36: Behold, the word of the Lord, receive it:evils! what shall I do when these evils shall believe not the gods of whom the Lordcome? spake.19: Behold, famine and plague, tribulation 37: Behold, the plagues draw nigh, and areand anguish, are sent as scourges for amend- not slack.ment. 38: As when a woman with child in the20: But for all these things they shall not ninth month bringeth forth her son, withturn from their wickedness, nor be always two or three hours of her birth great painsmindful of the scourges. compass her womb, which pains, when the21: Behold, victuals shall be so good cheap child cometh forth, they slack not a mo-upon earth, that they shall think themselves ment:to be in good case, and even then shall evils 39: Even so shall not the plagues be slack togrow upon earth, sword, famine, and great come upon the earth, and the world shallconfusion. mourn, and sorrows shall come upon it on22: For many of them that dwell upon earth every side.shall perish of famine; and the other, that 40: O my people, hear my word: make youescape the hunger, shall the sword destroy. ready to thy battle, and in those evils be23: And the dead shall be cast out as dung, even as pilgrims upon the earth.and there shall be no man to comfort them: 41: He that selleth, let him be as he thatfor the earth shall be wasted, and the cities fleeth away: and he that buyeth, as one thatshall be cast down. will lose:24: There shall be no man left to till the 42: He that occupieth merchandise, as heearth, and to sow it that hath no profit by it: and he that25: The trees shall give fruit, and who shall buildeth, as he that shall not dwell therein:gather them? 43: He that soweth, as if he should not reap:26: The grapes shall ripen, and who shall so also he that planteth the vineyard, as hetread them? for all places shall be desolate of that shall not gather the grapes:men: 44: They that marry, as they that shall get no27: So that one man shall desire to see an- children; and they that marry not, as theother, and to hear his voice. widowers.28: For of a city there shall be ten left, and 45: And therefore they that labour labour intwo of the field, which shall hide themselves vain:in the thick groves, and in the clefts of the 46: For strangers shall reap their fruits, androcks. spoil their goods, overthrow their houses,29: As in an orchard of Olives upon every and take their children captives, for in cap-tree there are left three or four olives; tivity and famine shall they get children.30: Or as when a vineyard is gathered, there 47: And they that occupy their merchandiseare left some clusters of them that diligently with robbery, the more they deck their cities,seek through the vineyard: their houses, their possessions, and their31: Even so in those days there shall be own persons:three or four left by them that search their 48: The more will I be angry with them forhouses with the sword. their sin, saith the Lord.32: And the earth shall be laid waste, and the 49: Like as a whore envieth a right honestfields thereof shall wax old, and her ways and virtuous woman:and all her paths shall grow full of thorns, 50: So shall righteousness hate iniquity,because no man shall travel therethrough. when she decketh herself, and shall accuse33: The virgins shall mourn, having no her to her face, when he cometh that shallbridegrooms; the women shall mourn, hav- defend him that diligently searcheth outing no husbands; their daughters shall every sin upon earth.mourn, having no helpers. 51: And therefore be ye not like thereunto,34: In the wars shall their bridegrooms be nor to the works thereof.destroyed, and their husbands shall perish of 52: For yet a little, and iniquity shall be takenfamine. away out of the earth, and righteousness 48
  • shall reign among you. the next cities, a great insurrection upon53: Let not the sinner say that he hath not those that fear the Lord.sinned: for God shall burn coals of fire upon 71: They shall be like mad men, sparinghis head, which saith before the Lord God none, but still spoiling and destroying thoseand his glory, I have not sinned. that fear the Lord.54: Behold, the Lord knoweth all the works 72: For they shall waste and take away theirof men, their imaginations, their thoughts, goods, and cast them out of their houses.and their hearts: 73: Then shall they be known, who are my55: Which spake but the word, Let the earth chosen; and they shall be tried as the gold inbe made; and it was made: Let the heaven be the fire.made; and it was created. 74: Hear, O ye my beloved, saith the Lord:56: In his word were the stars made, and he behold, the days of trouble are at hand, but Iknoweth the number of them. will deliver you from the same.57: He searcheth the deep, and the treasures 75: Be ye not afraid neither doubt; for Godthereof; he hath measured the sea, and what is your guide,it containeth. 76: And the guide of them who keep my58: He hath shut the sea in the midst of the commandments and precepts, saith the Lordwaters, and with his word hath he hanged God: let not your sins weigh you down, andthe earth upon the waters. let not your iniquities lift up themselves.59: He spreadeth out the heavens like a 77: Woe be unto them that are bound withvault; upon the waters hath he founded it. their sins, and covered with their iniquities60: In the desert hath he made springs of like as a field is covered over with bushes,water, and pools upon the tops of the and the path thereof covered with thorns,mountains, that the floods might pour down that no man may travel through!from the high rocks to water the earth. 78: It is left undressed, and is cast into the61: He made man, and put his heart in the fire to be consumed therewith.midst of the body, and gave him breath, life,and understanding.62: Yea and the Spirit of Almighty God,which made all things, and searcheth out allhidden things in the secrets of the earth,63: Surely he knoweth your inventions, andwhat ye think in your hearts, even them thatsin, and would hide their sin.64: Therefore hath the Lord exactly searchedout all your works, and he will put you all toshame.65: And when your sins are brought forth,ye shall be ashamed before men, and yourown sins shall be your accusers in that day.66: What will ye do? or how will ye hideyour sins before God and his angels?67: Behold, God himself is the judge, fearhim: leave off from your sins, and forgetyour iniquities, to meddle no more withthem for ever: so shall God lead you forth,and deliver you from all trouble.68: For, behold, the burning wrath of a greatmultitude is kindled over you, and they shalltake away certain of you, and feed you, beingidle, with things offered unto idols.69: And they that consent unto them shallbe had in derision and in reproach, and trod-den under foot.70: For there shall be in every place, and in 49
  • TobitThe book of the words of Tobit, son of that were of my kindred did eat of the bread of the Gentiles.Tobiel, the son of Ananiel, the son of 11: But I kept myself from eating;Aduel, the son of Gabael, of the seed of 12: Because I remembered God with allAsael, of the tribe of Nephthali; my heart.2: Who in the time of Enemessar king of 13: And the most High gave me grace andthe Assyrians was led captive out of favour before Enemessar, so that I was hisThisbe, which is at the right hand of that purveyor.city, which is called properly Nephthali in 14: And I went into Media, and left in trustGalilee above Aser. with Gabael, the brother of Gabrias, at3: I Tobit have walked all the days of my Rages a city of Media ten talents of silver.life in the ways of truth and justice, and I 15: Now when Enemessar was dead, Sen-did many almsdeeds to my brethren, and nacherib his son reigned in his stead;my nation, who came with me to Nineve, whose estate was troubled, that I could notinto the land of the Assyrians. go into Media.4: And when I was in mine own country, 16: And in the time of Enemessar I gavein the land of Israel being but young, all many alms to my brethren, and gave mythe tribe of Nephthali my father fell from bread to the hungry,the house of Jerusalem, which was chosen 17: And my clothes to the naked: and if Iout of all the tribes of Israel, that all the saw any of my nation dead, or cast abouttribes should sacrifice there, where the the walls of Nineve, I buried him.temple of the habitation of the most High 18: And if the king Sennacherib had slainwas consecrated and built for all ages. any, when he was come, and fled from5: Now all the tribes which together re- Judea, I buried them privily; for in hisvolted, and the house of my father Neph- wrath he killed many; but the bodies werethali, sacrificed unto the heifer Baal. not found, when they were sought for of6: But I alone went often to Jerusalem at the king.the feasts, as it was ordained unto all the 19: And when one of the Ninevites wentpeople of Israel by an everlasting decree, and complained of me to the king, that Ihaving the firstfruits and tenths of in- buried them, and hid myself; understand-crease, with that which was first shorn; ing that I was sought for to be put toand them gave I at the altar to the priests death, I withdrew myself for fear.the children of Aaron. 20: Then all my goods were forcibly taken7: The first tenth part of all increase I gave away, neither was there any thing left me,to the sons of Aaron, who ministered at beside my wife Anna and my son Tobias.Jerusalem: another tenth part I sold away, 21: And there passed not five and fiftyand went, and spent it every year at Jerusa- days, before two of his sons killed him,lem: and they fled into the mountains of Ara-8: And the third I gave unto them to rath; and Sarchedonus his son reigned inwhom it was meet, as Debora my fathers his stead; who appointed over his fathersmother had commanded me, because I accounts, and over all his affairs, Achia-was left an orphan by my father. charus my brother Anaels son.9: Furthermore, when I was come to the 22: And Achiacharus intreating for me, Iage of a man, I married Anna of mine own returned to Nineve. Now Achiacharus waskindred, and of her I begat Tobias. cupbearer, and keeper of the signet, and10: And when we were carried away cap- steward, and overseer of the accounts: andtives to Nineve, all my brethren and those Sarchedonus appointed him next unto 50
  • him: and he was my brothers son. whence is this kid? is it not stolen? render it to the owners; for it is not lawful to eat any thing that is stolen. CHAPTER 2 14: But she replied upon me, It was givenNow when I was come home again, and for a gift more than the wages. Howbeit I did not believe her, but bade her render itmy wife Anna was restored unto me, with to the owners: and I was abashed at her.my son Tobias, in the feast of Pentecost, But she replied upon me, Where are thinewhich is the holy feast of the seven weeks, alms and thy righteous deeds? behold,there was a good dinner prepared me, in thou and all thy works are known.the which I sat down to eat.2: And when I saw abundance of meat, Isaid to my son, Go and bring what poor CHAPTER 3man soever thou shalt find out of ourbrethren, who is mindful of the Lord; and, T hen I being grieved did weep, and in mylo, I tarry for thee. sorrow prayed, saying,3: But he came again, and said, Father, one 2: O Lord, thou art just, and all thy worksof our nation is strangled, and is cast out and all thy ways are mercy and truth, andin the marketplace. thou judgest truly and justly for ever.4: Then before I had tasted of any meat, I 3: Remember me, and look on me, punishstarted up, and took him up into a room me not for my sins and ignorances, anduntil the going down of the sun. the sins of my fathers, who have sinned5: Then I returned, and washed myself, before thee:and ate my meat in heaviness, 4: For they obeyed not thy command-6: Remembering that prophecy of Amos, ments: wherefore thou hast delivered usas he said, Your feasts shall be turned into for a spoil, and unto captivity, and untomourning, and all your mirth into lamenta- death, and for a proverb of reproach to alltion. the nations among whom we are dis-7: Therefore I wept: and after the going persed.down of the sun I went and made a grave, 5: And now thy judgments are many andand buried him. true: deal with me according to my sins8: But my neighbours mocked me, and and my fathers: because we have not keptsaid, This man is not yet afraid to be put to thy commandments, neither have walkeddeath for this matter: who fled away; and in truth before thee.yet, lo, he burieth the dead again. 6: Now therefore deal with me as seemeth9: The same night also I returned from the best unto thee, and command my spirit toburial, and slept by the wall of my court- be taken from me, that I may be dissolved,yard, being polluted and my face was un- and become earth: for it is profitable forcovered: me to die rather than to live, because I10: And I knew not that there were spar- have heard false reproaches, and haverows in the wall, and mine eyes being much sorrow: command therefore that Iopen, the sparrows muted warm dung into may now be delivered out of this distress,mine eyes, and a whiteness came in mine and go into the everlasting place: turn noteyes: and I went to the physicians, but they thy face away from me.helped me not: moreover Achiacharus did 7: It came to pass the same day, that innourish me, until I went into Elymais. Ecbatane a city of Media Sara the daughter11: And my wife Anna did take womens of Raguel was also reproached by her fa-works to do. thers maids;12: And when she had sent them home to 8: Because that she had been married tothe owners, they paid her wages, and gave seven husbands, whom Asmodeus the evilher also besides a kid. spirit had killed, before they had lain with13: And when it was in my house, and her. Dost thou not know, said they, thatbegan to cry, I said unto her, From thou hast strangled thine husbands? thou 51
  • hast had already seven husbands, neither which he had committed to Gabael inwast thou named after any of them. Rages of Media,9: Wherefore dost thou beat us for them? 2: And said with himself, I have wished forif they be dead, go thy ways after them, let death; wherefore do I not call for my sonus never see of thee either son or daugh- Tobias that I may signify to him of theter. money before I die?10: Whe she heard these things, she was 3: And when he had called him, he said,very sorrowful, so that she thought to have My son, when I am dead, bury me; andstrangled herself; and she said, I am the despise not thy mother, but honour her allonly daughter of my father, and if I do the days of thy life, and do that which shallthis, it shall be a reproach unto him, and I please her, and grieve her not.shall bring his old age with sorrow unto 4: Remember, my son, that she saw manythe grave. dangers for thee, when thou wast in her11: Then she prayed toward the window, womb: and when she is dead, bury her byand said, Blessed art thou, O Lord my me in one grave.God, and thine holy and glorious name is 5: My son, be mindful of the Lord ourblessed and honourable for ever: let all thy God all thy days, and let not thy will be setworks praise thee for ever. to sin, or to transgress his commandments:12: And now, O Lord, I set I mine eyes do uprightly all thy life long, and followand my face toward thee, not the ways of unrighteousness.13: And say, Take me out of the earth, that 6: For if thou deal truly, thy doings shallI may hear no more the reproach. prosperously succeed to thee, and to all14: Thou knowest, Lord, that I am pure them that live justly.from all sin with man, 7: Give alms of thy substance; and when15: And that I never polluted my name, thou givest alms, let not thine eye be envi-nor the name of my father, in the land of ous, neither turn thy face from any poor,my captivity: I am the only daughter of my and the face of God shall not be turnedfather, neither hath he any child to be his away from thee.heir, neither any near kinsman, nor any 8: If thou hast abundance give alms ac-son of his alive, to whom I may keep my- cordingly: if thou have but a little, be notself for a wife: my seven husbands are afraid to give according to that little:already dead; and why should I live? but if 9: For thou layest up a good treasure forit please not thee that I should die, com- thyself against the day of necessity.mand some regard to be had of me, and 10: Because that alms do deliver frompity taken of me, that I hear no more re- death, and suffereth not to come intoproach. darkness.16: So the prayers of them both were 11: For alms is a good gift unto all thatheard before the majesty of the great God. give it in the sight of the most High.17: And Raphael was sent to heal them 12: Beware of all whoredom, my son, andboth, that is, to scale away the whiteness chiefly take a wife of the seed of thy fa-of Tobits eyes, and to give Sara the daugh- thers, and take not a strange woman toter of Raguel for a wife to Tobias the son wife, which is not of thy fathers tribe: forof Tobit; and to bind Asmodeus the evil we are the children of the prophets, Noe,spirit; because she belonged to Tobias by Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: remember, myright of inheritance. The selfsame time son, that our fathers from the beginning,came Tobit home, and entered into his even that they all married wives of theirhouse, and Sara the daughter of Raguel own kindred, and were blessed in theircame down from her upper chamber. children, and their seed shall inherit the land. 13: Now therefore, my son, love thy breth- CHAPTER 4 ren, and despise not in thy heart thy breth-In that day Tobit remembered the money ren, the sons and daughters of thy people, 52
  • in not taking a wife of them: for in pride is 4: Therefore when he went to seek a man,destruction and much trouble, and in he found Raphael that was an angel.lewdness is decay and great want: for lewd- 5: But he knew not; and he said unto him,ness is the mother of famine. Canst thou go with me to Rages? and14: Let not the wages of any man, which knowest thou those places well?hath wrought for thee, tarry with thee, but 6: To whom the angel said, I will go withgive him it out of hand: for if thou serve thee, and I know the way well: for I haveGod, he will also repay thee: be circum- lodged with our brother Gabael.spect my son, in all things thou doest, and 7: Then Tobias said unto him, Tarry forbe wise in all thy conversation. me, till I tell my father.15: Do that to no man which thou hatest: 8: Then he said unto him, Go and tarrydrink not wine to make thee drunken: nei- not. So he went in and said to his father,ther let drunkenness go with thee in thy Behold, I have found one which will gojourney. with me. Then he said, Call him unto me,16: Give of thy bread to the hungry, and that I may know of what tribe he is, andof thy garments to them that are naked; whether he be a trusty man to go withand according to thine abundance give thee.alms: and let not thine eye be envious, 9: So he called him, and he came in, andwhen thou givest alms. they saluted one another.17: Pour out thy bread on the burial of the 10: Then Tobit said unto him, Brother,just, but give nothing to the wicked. shew me of what tribe and family thou art.18: Ask counsel of all that are wise, and 11: To whom he said, Dost thou seek for adespise not any counsel that is profitable. tribe or family, or an hired man to go with19: Bless the Lord thy God always, and thy son? Then Tobit said unto him, Idesire of him that thy ways may be di- would know, brother, thy kindred andrected, and that all thy paths and counsels name.may prosper: for every nation hath not 12: Then he said, I am Azarias, the son ofcounsel; but the Lord himself giveth all Ananias the great, and of thy brethren.good things, and he humbleth whom he 13: Then Tobit said, Thou art welcome,will, as he will; now therefore, my son, brother; be not now angry with me, be-remember my commandments, neither let cause I have enquired to know thy tribethem be put out of thy mind. and thy family; for thou art my brother, of20: And now I signify this to they that I an honest and good stock: for I knowcommitted ten talents to Gabael the son of Ananias and Jonathas, sons of that greatGabrias at Rages in Media. Samaias, as we went together to Jerusalem21: And fear not, my son, that we are to worship, and offered the firstborn, andmade poor: for thou hast much wealth, if the tenths of the fruits; and they were notthou fear God, and depart from all sin, seduced with the error of our brethren: myand do that which is pleasing in his sight. brother, thou art of a good stock. 14: But tell me, what wages shall I give thee? wilt thou a drachm a day, and things CHAPTER 5 necessary, as to mine own son?T obias then answered and said, Father, I 15: Yea, moreover, if ye return safe, I will add something to thy wages.will do all things which thou hast com- 16: So they were well pleased. Then saidmanded me: he to Tobias, Prepare thyself for the jour-2: But how can I receive the money, seeing ney, and God send you a good journey.I know him not? And when his son had prepared all things3: Then he gave him the handwriting, and far the journey, his father said, Go thousaid unto him, Seek thee a man which may with this man, and God, which dwelleth ingo with thee, whiles I yet live, and I will heaven, prosper your journey, and thegive him wages: and go and receive the angel of God keep you company. So theymoney. 53
  • went forth both, and the young mans dog Brother, to day we shall lodge with Raguel,with them. who is thy cousin; he also hath one only17: But Anna his mother wept, and said to daughter, named Sara; I will speak for her,Tobit, Why hast thou sent away our son? that she may be given thee for a wife.is he not the staff of our hand, in going in 11: For to thee doth the right of her apper-and out before us? tain, seeing thou only art of her kindred.18: Be not greedy to add money to money: 12: And the maid is fair and wise: nowbut let it be as refuse in respect of our therefore hear me, and I will speak to herchild. father; and when we return from Rages we19: For that which the Lord hath given us will celebrate the marriage: for I know thatto live with doth suffice us. Raguel cannot marry her to another ac-20: Then said Tobit to her, Take no care, cording to the law of Moses, but he shallmy sister; he shall return in safety, and be guilty of death, because the right ofthine eyes shall see him. inheritance doth rather appertain to thee21: For the good angel will keep him com- than to any other.pany, and his journey shall be prosperous, 13: Then the young man answered theand he shall return safe. angel, I have heard, brother Azarias that22: Then she made an end of weeping. this maid hath been given to seven men, who all died in the marriage chamber. 14: And now I am the only son of my fa- CHAPTER 6 ther, and I am afraid, lest if I go in untoAnd as they went on their journey, they her, I die, as the other before: for a wicked spirit loveth her, which hurteth no body,came in the evening to the river Tigris, and but those which come unto her; whereforethey lodged there. I also fear lest I die, and bring my fathers2: And when the young man went down to and my mothers life because of me to thewash himself, a fish leaped out of the river, grave with sorrow: for they have no otherand would have devoured him. son to bury them.3: Then the angel said unto him, Take the 15: Then the angel said unto him, Dostfish. And the young man laid hold of the thou not remember the precepts which thyfish, and drew it to land. father gave thee, that thou shouldest marry4: To whom the angel said, Open the fish, a wife of thine own kindred? whereforeand take the heart and the liver and the hear me, O my brother; for she shall begall, and put them up safely. given thee to wife; and make thou no reck-5: So the young man did as the angel com- oning of the evil spirit; for this same nightmanded him; and when they had roasted shall she be given thee in marriage.the fish, they did eat it: then they both 16: And when thou shalt come into thewent on their way, till they drew near to marriage chamber, thou shalt take theEcbatane. ashes of perfume, and shalt lay upon them6: Then the young man said to the angel, some of the heart and liver of the fish, andBrother Azarias, to what use is the heart shalt make a smoke with it:and the liver and the gal of the fish? 17: And the devil shall smell it, and flee7: And he said unto him, Touching the away, and never come again any more: butheart and the liver, if a devil or an evil when thou shalt come to her, rise up bothspirit trouble any, we must make a smoke of you, and pray to God which is merciful,thereof before the man or the woman, and who will have pity on you, and save you:the party shall be no more vexed. fear not, for she is appointed unto thee8: As for the gall, it is good to anoint a from the beginning; and thou shalt pre-man that hath whiteness in his eyes, and serve her, and she shall go with thee.he shall be healed. Moreover I suppose that she shall bear9: And when they were come near to thee children. Now when Tobias hadRages, heard these things, he loved her, and his10: The angel said to the young man, 54
  • heart was effectually joined to her. she came to her father, and he took her by the hand, and gave her to be wife to To- bias, saying, Behold, take her after the law CHAPTER 7 of Moses, and lead her away to thy father.And when they were come to Ecbatane, And he blessed them; 14: And called Edna his wife, and tookthey came to the house of Raguel, and Sara paper, and did write an instrument ofmet them: and after they had saluted one covenants, and sealed it.another, she brought them into the house. 15: Then they began to eat.2: Then said Raguel to Edna his wife, How 16: After Raguel called his wife Edna, andlike is this young man to Tobit my cousin! said unto her, Sister, prepare another3: And Raguel asked them, From whence chamber, and bring her in thither.are ye, brethren? To whom they said, We 17: Which when she had done as he hadare of the sons of Nephthalim, which are bidden her, she brought her thither: andcaptives in Nineve. she wept, and she received the tears of her4: Then he said to them, Do ye know To- daughter, and said unto her,bit our kinsman? And they said, We know 18: Be of good comfort, my daughter; thehim. Then said he, Is he in good health? Lord of heaven and earth give thee joy for5: And they said, He is both alive, and in this thy sorrow: be of good comfort, mygood health: and Tobias said, He is my daughter.father.6: Then Raguel leaped up, and kissed him,and wept, CHAPTER 87: And blessed him, and said unto him,Thou art the son of an honest and good And when they had supped, they broughtman. But when he had heard that Tobit Tobias in unto her.was blind, he was sorrowful, and wept. 2: And as he went, he remembered the8: And likewise Edna his wife and Sara his words of Raphael, and took the ashes ofdaughter wept. Moreover they entertained the perfumes, and put the heart and thethem cheerfully; and after that they had liver of the fish thereupon, and made akilled a ram of the flock, they set store of smoke therewith.meat on the table. Then said Tobias to 3: The which smell when the evil spirit hadRaphael, Brother Azarias, speak of those smelled, he fled into the utmost parts ofthings of which thou didst talk in the way, Egypt, and the angel bound him.and let this business be dispatched. 4: And after that they were both shut in9: So he communicated the matter with together, Tobias rose out of the bed, andRaguel: and Raguel said to Tobias, Eat and said, Sister, arise, and let us pray that Goddrink, and make merry: would have pity on us.10: For it is meet that thou shouldest 5: Then began Tobias to say, Blessed artmarry my daughter: nevertheless I will thou, O God of our fathers, and blessed isdeclare unto thee the truth. thy holy and glorious name for ever; let11: I have given my daughter in marriage the heavens bless thee, and all thy crea-to seven men, who died that night they tures.came in unto her: nevertheless for the 6: Thou madest Adam, and gavest himpresent be merry. But Tobias said, I will Eve his wife for an helper and stay: ofeat nothing here, till we agree and swear them came mankind: thou hast said, It isone to another. not good that man should be alone; let us12: Raguel said, Then take her from hence- make unto him an aid like unto himself.forth according to the manner, for thou art 7: And now, O Lord, I take not this myher cousin, and she is thine, and the merci- sister for lush but uprightly: therefore mer-ful God give you good success in all cifully ordain that we may become agedthings. together.13: Then he called his daughter Sara, and 8: And she said with him, Amen. 55
  • 9: So they slept both that night. And Ra- 4: But my father counteth the days; and if Iguel arose, and went and made a grave, tarry long, he will be very sorry.10: Saying, I fear lest he also be dead. 5: So Raphael went out, and lodged with11: But when Raguel was come into his Gabael, and gave him the handwriting:house, who brought forth bags which were sealed12: He said unto his wife Edna. Send one up, and gave them to him.of the maids, and let her see whether he be 6: And early in the morning they wentalive: if he be not, that we may bury him, forth both together, and came to the wed-and no man know it. ding: and Tobias blessed his wife.13: So the maid opened the door, andwent in, and found them both asleep,14: And came forth, and told them that he CHAPTER 10was alive.15: Then Raguel praised God, and said, O Now Tobit his father counted every day:God, thou art worthy to be praised with all and when the days of the journey werepure and holy praise; therefore let thy expired, and they came not,saints praise thee with all thy creatures; 2: Then Tobit said, Are they detained? orand let all thine angels and thine elect is Gabael dead, and there is no man to givepraise thee for ever. him the money?16: Thou art to be praised, for thou hast 3: Therefore he was very sorry.made me joyful; and that is not come to 4: Then his wife said unto him, My son isme which I suspected; but thou hast dealt dead, seeing he stayeth long; and she be-with us according to thy great mercy. gan to wail him, and said,17: Thou art to be praised because thou 5: Now I care for nothing, my son, since Ihast had mercy of two that were the only have let thee go, the light of mine eyes.begotten children of their fathers: grant 6: To whom Tobit said, Hold thy peace,them mercy, O Lord, and finish their life take no care, for he is safe.in health with joy and mercy. 7: But she said, Hold thy peace, and de-18: Then Raguel bade his servants to fill ceive me not; my son is dead. And shethe grave. went out every day into the way which19: And he kept the wedding feast four- they went, and did eat no meat on theteen days. daytime, and ceased not whole nights to20: For before the days of the marriage bewail her son Tobias, until the fourteenwere finished, Raguel had said unto him by days of the wedding were expired, whichan oath, that he should not depart till the Raguel had sworn that he should spendfourteen days of the marriage were ex- there. Then Tobias said to Raguel, Let mepired; go, for my father and my mother look no21: And then he should take the half of his more to see me.goods, and go in safety to his father; and 8: But his father in law said unto him,should have the rest when I and my wife Tarry with me, and I will send to thy fa-be dead. ther, and they shall declare unto him how things go with thee. 9: But Tobias said, No; but let me go to CHAPTER 9 my father. 10: Then Raguel arose, and gave him SaraThen Tobias called Raphael, and said his wife, and half his goods, servants, andunto him, cattle, and money:2: Brother Azarias, take with thee a ser- 11: And he blessed them, and sent themvant, and two camels, and go to Rages of away, saying, The God of heaven give youMedia to Gabael, and bring me the money, a prosperous journey, my children.and bring him to the wedding. 12: And he said to his daughter, Honour3: For Raguel hath sworn that I shall not thy father and thy mother in law, whichdepart. are now thy parents, that I may hear good 56
  • report of thee. And he kissed her. Edna 15: For thou hast scourged, and hast takenalso said to Tobias, The Lord of heaven pity on me: for, behold, I see my son To-restore thee, my dear brother, and grant bias. And his son went in rejoicing, andthat I may see thy children of my daughter told his father the great things that hadSara before I die, that I may rejoice before happened to him in Media.the Lord: behold, I commit my daughter 16: Then Tobit went out to meet hisunto thee of special trust; where are do not daughter in law at the gate of Nineve, re-entreat her evil. joicing and praising God: and they which saw him go marvelled, because he had received his sight. CHAPTER 11 17: But Tobias gave thanks before them,After these things Tobias went his way, because God had mercy on him. And when he came near to Sara his daughter inpraising God that he had given him a pros- law, he blessed her, saying, Thou art wel-perous journey, and blessed Raguel and come, daughter: God be blessed, whichEdna his wife, and went on his way till hath brought thee unto us, and blessed bethey drew near unto Nineve. thy father and thy mother. And there was2: Then Raphael said to Tobias, Thou joy among all his brethren which were atknowest, brother, how thou didst leave thy Nineve.father: 18: And Achiacharus, and Nasbas his3: Let us haste before thy wife, and pre- brothers son, came:pare the house. 19: And Tobias wedding was kept seven4: And take in thine hand the gall of the days with great joy.fish. So they went their way, and the dogwent after them.5: Now Anna sat looking about toward the CHAPTER 12way for her son.6: And when she espied him coming, she T hen Tobit called his son Tobias, andsaid to his father, Behold, thy son cometh, said unto him, My son, see that the manand the man that went with him. have his wages, which went with thee, and7: Then said Raphael, I know, Tobias, that thou must give him more.thy father will open his eyes. 2: And Tobias said unto him, O father, it is8: Therefore anoint thou his eyes with the no harm to me to give him half of thosegall, and being pricked therewith, he shall things which I have brought:rub, and the whiteness shall fall away, and 3: For he hath brought me again to thee inhe shall see thee. safety, and made whole my wife, and9: Then Anna ran forth, and fell upon the brought me the money, and likewiseneck of her son, and said unto him, Seeing healed thee.I have seen thee, my son, from henceforth 4: Then the old man said, It is due untoI am content to die. And they wept both. him.10: Tobit also went forth toward the door, 5: So he called the angel, and he said untoand stumbled: but his son ran unto him, him, Take half of all that ye have brought11: And took hold of his father: and he and go away in safety.strake of the gall on his fathers eyes, say- 6: Then he took them both apart, and saiding, Be of good hope, my father. unto them, Bless God, praise him, and12: And when his eyes began to smart, he magnify him, and praise him for the thingsrubbed them; which he hath done unto you in the sight13: And the whiteness pilled away from of all that live. It is good to praise God,the corners of his eyes: and when he saw and exalt his name, and honourably tohis son, he fell upon his neck. shew forth the works of God; therefore be14: And he wept, and said, Blessed art not slack to praise him.thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for 7: It is good to keep close the secret of aever; and blessed are all thine holy angels: king, but it is honourable to reveal the 57
  • works of God. Do that which is good, and CHAPTER 13no evil shall touch you.8: Prayer is good with fasting and alms and T hen Tobit wrote a prayer of rejoicing,righteousness. A little with righteousness is and said, Blessed be God that liveth forbetter than much with unrighteousness. It ever, and blessed be his kingdom.is better to give alms than to lay up gold: 2: For he doth scourge, and hath mercy: he9: For alms doth deliver from death, and leadeth down to hell, and bringeth upshall purge away all sin. Those that exer- again: neither is there any that can avoidcise alms and righteousness shall be filled his hand.with life: 3: Confess him before the Gentiles, ye10: But they that sin are enemies to their children of Israel: for he hath scattered usown life. among them.11: Surely I will keep close nothing from 4: There declare his greatness, and extolyou. For I said, It was good to keep close him before all the living: for he is ourthe secret of a king, but that it was hon- Lord, and he is the God our Father forourable to reveal the works of God. ever.12: Now therefore, when thou didst pray, 5: And he will scourge us for our iniquities,and Sara thy daughter in law, I did bring and will have mercy again, and will gatherthe remembrance of your prayers before us out of all nations, among whom he haththe Holy One: and when thou didst bury scattered us.the dead, I was with thee likewise. 6: If ye turn to him with your whole heart,13: And when thou didst not delay to rise and with your whole mind, and deal up-up, and leave thy dinner, to go and cover rightly before him, then will he turn untothe dead, thy good deed was not hid from you, and will not hide his face from you.me: but I was with thee. Therefore see what he will do with you,14: And now God hath sent me to heal and confess him with your whole mouth,thee and Sara thy daughter in law. and praise the Lord of might, and extol the15: I am Raphael, one of the seven holy everlasting King. In the land of my captiv-angels, which present the prayers of the ity do I praise him, and declare his mightsaints, and which go in and out before the and majesty to a sinful nation. O ye sin-glory of the Holy One. ners, turn and do justice before him: who16: Then they were both troubled, and fell can tell if he will accept you, and haveupon their faces: for they feared. mercy on you?17: But he said unto them, Fear not, for it 7: I will extol my God, and my soul shallshall go well with you; praise God there- praise the King of heaven, and shall rejoicefore. in his greatness.18: For not of any favour of mine, but by 8: Let all men speak, and let all praise himthe will of our God I came; wherefore for his righteousness.praise him for ever. 9: O Jerusalem, the holy city, he will19: All these days I did appear unto you; scourge thee for thy childrens works, andbut I did neither eat nor drink, but ye did will have mercy again on the sons of thesee a vision. righteous.20: Now therefore give God thanks: for I 10: Give praise to the Lord, for he is good:go up to him that sent me; but write all and praise the everlasting King, that histhings which are done in a book. tabernacle may be builded in thee again21: And when they arose, they saw him no with joy, and let him make joyful there inmore. thee those that are captives, and love in22: Then they confessed the great and thee for ever those that are miserable.wonderful works of God, and how the 11: Many nations shall come from far toangel of the Lord had appeared unto them the name of the Lord God with gifts in their hands, even gifts to the King of heaven; all generations shall praise thee with great joy. 58
  • 12: Cursed are all they which hate thee, up Jerusalem gloriously, and the house ofand blessed shall all be which love thee for God shall be built in it for ever with a glo-ever. rious building, as the prophets have spo-13: Rejoice and be glad for the children of ken thereof.the just: for they shall be gathered to- 6: And all nations shall turn, and fear thegether, and shall bless the Lord of the just. Lord God truly, and shall bury their idols.14: O blessed are they which love thee, for 7: So shall all nations praise the Lord, andthey shall rejoice in thy peace: blessed are his people shall confess God, and the Lordthey which have been sorrowful for all thy shall exalt his people; and all those whichscourges; for they shall rejoice for thee, love the Lord God in truth and justicewhen they have seen all thy glory, and shall shall rejoice, shewing mercy to our breth-be glad for ever. ren.15: Let my soul bless God the great King. 8: And now, my son, depart out of Nineve,16: For Jerusalem shall be built up with because that those things which thesapphires and emeralds, and precious prophet Jonas spake shall surely come tostone: thy walls and towers and battle- pass.ments with pure gold. 9: But keep thou the law and the com-17: And the streets of Jerusalem shall be mandments, and shew thyself merciful andpaved with beryl and carbuncle and stones just, that it may go well with thee.of Ophir. 10: And bury me decently, and thy mother18: And all her streets shall say, Alleluia; with me; but tarry no longer at Nineve.and they shall praise him, saying, Blessed Remember, my son, how Aman handledbe God, which hath extolled it for ever. Achiacharus that brought him up, how out of light he brought him into darkness, and how he rewarded him again: yet Achiacha- CHAPTER 14 rus was saved, but the other had his re-So Tobit made an end of praising God. ward: for he went down into darkness. Manasses gave alms, and escaped the2: And he was eight and fifty years old snares of death which they had set forwhen he lost his sight, which was restored him: but Aman fell into the snare, andto him after eight years: and he gave alms, perished.and he increased in the fear of the Lord 11: Wherefore now, my son, consider whatGod, and praised him. alms doeth, and how righteousness doth3: And when he was very aged he called deliver. When he had said these things, hehis son, and the sons of his son, and said gave up the ghost in the bed, being anto him, My son, take thy children; for, hundred and eight and fifty years old; andbehold, I am aged, and am ready to depart he buried him honourably.out of this life. 12: And when Anna his mother was dead,4: Go into Media my son, for I surely be- he buried her with his father. But Tobiaslieve those things which Jonas the prophet departed with his wife and children tospake of Nineve, that it shall be over- Ecbatane to Raguel his father in law,thrown; and that for a time peace shall 13: Where he became old with honour,rather be in Media; and that our brethren and he buried his father and mother in lawshall lie scattered in the earth from that honourably, and he inherited their sub-good land: and Jerusalem shall be desolate, stance, and his father Tobits.and the house of God in it shall be 14: And he died at Ecbatane in Media,burned, and shall be desolate for a time; being an hundred and seven and twenty5: And that again God will have mercy on years old.them, and bring them again into the land, 15: But before he died he heard of thewhere they shall build a temple, but not destruction of Nineve, which was taken bylike to the first, until the time of that age Nabuchodonosor and Assuerus: and be-be fulfilled; and afterward they shall return fore his death he rejoiced over Nineve.from all places of their captivity, and build 59
  • Judith phis, and to all the inhabitants of Egypt,In the twelfth year of the reign of until ye come to the borders of Ethiopia.Nabuchodonosor, who reigned in Nineve, 11: But all the inhabitants of the land madethe great city; in the days of Arphaxad, light of the commandment of Nabucho-which reigned over the Medes in Ecbatane, donosor king of the Assyrians, neither2: And built in Ecbatane walls round about went they with him to the battle; for theyof stones hewn three cubits broad and six were not afraid of him: yea, he was beforecubits long, and made the height of the them as one man, and they sent away hiswall seventy cubits, and the breadth thereof ambassadors from them without effect,fifty cubits: and with disgrace.3: And set the towers thereof upon the 12: Therefore Nabuchodonosor was verygates of it an hundred cubits high, and the angry with all this country, and sware bybreadth thereof in the foundation three- his throne and kingdom, that he wouldscore cubits: surely be avenged upon all those coasts of4: And he made the gates thereof, even Cilicia, and Damascus, and Syria, and thatgates that were raised to the height of sev- he would slay with the sword all the inhabi-enty cubits, and the breadth of them was tants of the land of Moab, and the childrenforty cubits, for the going forth of his of Ammon, and all Judea, and all that weremighty armies, and for the setting in array in Egypt, till ye come to the borders of theof his footmen: two seas.5: Even in those days king Nabucho- 13: Then he marched in battle array withdonosor made war with king Arphaxad in his power against king Arphaxad in thethe great plain, which is the plain in the seventeenth year, and he prevailed in hisborders of Ragau. battle: for he overthrew all the power of6: And there came unto him all they that Arphaxad, and all his horsemen, and all hisdwelt in the hill country, and all that dwelt chariots,by Euphrates, and Tigris and Hydaspes, 14: And became lord of his cities, andand the plain of Arioch the king of the came unto Ecbatane, and took the towers,Elymeans, and very many nations of the and spoiled the streets thereof, and turnedsons of Chelod, assembled themselves to the beauty thereof into shame.the battle. 15: He took also Arphaxad in the moun-7: Then Nabuchodonosor king of the As- tains of Ragau, and smote him throughsyrians sent unto all that dwelt in Persia, with his darts, and destroyed him utterlyand to all that dwelt westward, and to those that day.that dwelt in Cilicia, and Damascus, and 16: So he returned afterward to Nineve,Libanus, and Antilibanus, and to all that both he and all his company of sundrydwelt upon the sea coast, nations being a very great multitude of men8: And to those among the nations that of war, and there he took his ease, andwere of Carmel, and Galaad, and the banqueted, both he and his army, an hun-higher Galilee, and the great plain of Es- dred and twenty days.drelom,9: And to all that were in Samaria and thecities thereof, and beyond Jordan untoJerusalem, and Betane, and Chelus, andKades, and the river of Egypt, and Taph- CHAPTER 2nes, and Ramesse, and all the land of Ge-sem, And in the eighteenth year, the two and10: Until ye come beyond Tanis and Mem- twentieth day of the first month, there was 60
  • talk in the house of Nabuchodonosor king them.of the Assyrians that he should, as he said, 14: Then Holofernes went forth from theavenge himself on all the earth. presence of his lord, and called ail the gov-2: So he called unto him all his officers, ernors and captains, and the officers of theand all his nobles, and communicated with army of Assur;them his secret counsel, and concluded the 15: And he mustered the chosen men forafflicting of the whole earth out of his own the battle, as his lord had commanded him,mouth. unto an hundred and twenty thousand, and3: Then they decreed to destroy all flesh, twelve thousand archers on horseback;that did not obey the commandment of his 16: And he ranged them, as a great army ismouth. ordered for the war.4: And when he had ended his counsel, 17: And he took camels and asses for theirNabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians carriages, a very great number; and sheepcalled Holofernes the chief captain of his and oxen and goats without number forarmy, which was next unto him, and said their provision:unto him. 18: And plenty of victual for every man of5: Thus saith the great king, the lord of the the army, and very much gold and silverwhole earth, Behold, thou shalt go forth out of the kings house.from my presence, and take with thee men 19: Then he went forth and all his power tothat trust in their own strength, of footmen go before king Nabuchodonosor in thean hundred and twenty thousand; and the voyage, and to cover all the face of thenumber of horses with their riders twelve earth westward with their chariots, andthousand. horsemen, and their chosen footmen.6: And thou shalt go against all the west 20: A great number also sundry countriescountry, because they disobeyed my com- came with them like locusts, and like themandment. sand of the earth: for the multitude was7: And thou shalt declare unto that they without number.prepare for me earth and water: for I will 21: And they went forth of Nineve threego forth in my wrath against them and will days journey toward the plain of Bectileth,cover the whole face of the earth with the and pitched from Bectileth near the moun-feet of mine army, and I will give them for tain which is at the left hand of the uppera spoil unto them: Cilicia.8: So that their slain shall fill their valleys 22: Then he took all his army, his footmen,and brooks and the river shall be filled with and horsemen and chariots, and went fromtheir dead, till it overflow: thence into the hill country;9: And I will lead them captives to the ut- 23: And destroyed Phud and Lud, andmost parts of all the earth. spoiled all the children of Rasses, and the10: Thou therefore shalt go forth. and take children of Israel, which were toward thebeforehand for me all their coasts: and if wilderness at the south of the land of thethey will yield themselves unto thee, thou Chellians.shalt reserve them for me till the day of 24: Then he went over Euphrates, andtheir punishment. went through Mesopotamia, and destroyed11: But concerning them that rebel, let not all the high cities that were upon the riverthine eye spare them; but put them to the Arbonai, till ye come to the sea.slaughter, and spoil them wheresoever 25: And he took the borders of Cilicia, andthou goest. killed all that resisted him, and came to the12: For as I live, and by the power of my borders of Japheth, which were toward thekingdom, whatsoever I have spoken, that south, over against Arabia.will I do by mine hand. 26: He compassed also all the children of13: And take thou heed that thou trans- Madian, and burned up their tabernacles,gress none of the commandments of thy and spoiled their sheepcotes.lord, but accomplish them fully, as I have 27: Then he went down into the plain ofcommanded thee, and defer not to do Damascus in the time of wheat harvest, 61
  • and burnt up all their fields, and destroyed CHAPTER 4their flocks and herds, also he spoiled theircities, and utterly wasted their countries, N ow the children of Israel, that dwelt inand smote all their young men with the Judea, heard all that Holofernes the chiefedge of the sword. captain of Nabuchodonosor king of the28: Therefore the fear and dread of him fell Assyrians had done to the nations, andupon all the inhabitants of the sea coasts, after what manner he had spoiled all theirwhich were in Sidon and Tyrus, and them temples, and brought them to nought.that dwelt in Sur and Ocina, and all that 2: Therefore they were exceedingly afraiddwelt in Jemnaan; and they that dwelt in of him, and were troubled for Jerusalem,Azotus and Ascalon feared him greatly. and for the temple of the Lord their God: 3: For they were newly returned from the captivity, and all the people of Judea were CHAPTER 3 lately gathered together: and the vessels, and the altar, and the house, were sancti-S o they sent ambassadors unto him to fied after the profanation.treat of peace, saying, 4: Therefore they sent into all the coasts of2: Behold, we the servants of Nabucho- Samaria, and the villages and to Bethoron,donosor the great king lie before thee; use and Belmen, and Jericho, and to Choba,us as shall be good in thy sight. and Esora, and to the valley of Salem:3: Behold, our houses, and all our places, 5: And possessed themselves beforehandand all our fields of wheat, and flocks, and of all the tops of the high mountains, andherds, and all the lodges of our tents lie fortified the villages that were in them, andbefore thy face; use them as it pleaseth laid up victuals for the provision of war:thee. for their fields were of late reaped.4: Behold, even our cities and the inhabi- 6: Also Joacim the high priest, which wastants thereof are thy servants; come and in those days in Jerusalem, wrote to themdeal with them as seemeth good unto thee. that dwelt in Bethulia, and Betomestham,5: So the men came to Holofernes, and which is over against Esdraelon toward thedeclared unto him after this manner. open country, near to Dothaim,6: Then came he down toward the sea 7: Charging them to keep the passages ofcoast, both he and his army, and set garri- the hill country: for by them there was ansons in the high cities, and took out of entrance into Judea, and it was easy to stopthem chosen men for aid. them that would come up, because the7: So they and all the country round about passage was straight, for two men at thereceived them with garlands, with dances, most.and with timbrels. 8: And the children of Israel did as Joacim8: Yet he did cast down their frontiers, and the high priest had commanded them, withcut down their groves: for he had decreed the ancients of all the people of Israel,to destroy all the gods of the land, that all which dwelt at Jerusalem.nations should worship Nabuchodonosor 9: Then every man of Israel cried to Godonly, and that all tongues and tribes should with great fervency, and with great vehe-call upon him as god. mency did they humble their souls:9: Also he came over against Esdraelon 10: Both they, and their wives and theirnear unto Judea, over against the great children, and their cattle, and everystrait of Judea. stranger and hireling, and their servants10: And he pitched between Geba and bought with money, put sackcloth uponScythopolis, and there he tarried a whole their loins.month, that he might gather together all 11: Thus every man and women, and thethe carriages of his army. little children, and the inhabitants of Jeru- salem, fell before the temple, and cast ashes upon their heads, and spread out their sackcloth before the face of the Lord: 62
  • also they put sackcloth about the altar, no lie come out of the mouth of thy ser-12: And cried to the God of Israel all with vant.one consent earnestly, that he would not 6: This people are descended of the Chal-give their children for a prey, and their deans:wives for a spoil, and the cities of their 7: And they sojourned heretofore in Meso-inheritance to destruction, and the sanctu- potamia, because they would not followary to profanation and reproach, and for the gods of their fathers, which were in thethe nations to rejoice at. land of Chaldea.13: So God heard their prayers, and looked 8: For they left the way of their ancestors,upon their afflictions: for the people fasted and worshipped the God of heaven, themany days in all Judea and Jerusalem be- God whom they knew: so they cast themfore the sanctuary of the Lord Almighty. out from the face of their gods, and they14: And Joacim the high priest, and all the fled into Mesopotamia, and sojournedpriests that stood before the Lord, and they there many days.which ministered unto the Lord, had their 9: Then their God commanded them toloins girt with sackcloth, and offered the depart from the place where they so-daily burnt offerings, with the vows and journed, and to go into the land offree gifts of the people, Chanaan: where they dwelt, and were in-15: And had ashes on their mitres, and creased with gold and silver, and with verycried unto the Lord with all their power, much cattle.that he would look upon all the house of 10: But when a famine covered all the landIsrael graciously. of Chanaan, they went down into Egypt, and sojourned there, while they were nour- ished, and became there a great multitude, CHAPTER 5 so that one could not number their nation. 11: Therefore the king of Egypt rose upThen was it declared to Holofernes, the against them, and dealt subtilly with them,chief captain of the army of Assur, that the and brought them low with labouring inchildren of Israel had prepared for war, brick, and made them slaves.and had shut up the passages of the hill 12: Then they cried unto their God, and hecountry, and had fortified all the tops of smote all the land of Egypt with incurablethe high hills and had laid impediments in plagues: so the Egyptians cast them out ofthe champaign countries: their sight.2: Wherewith he was very angry, and called 13: And God dried the Red sea beforeall the princes of Moab, and the captains of them,Ammon, and all the governors of the sea 14: And brought them to mount Sina, andcoast, Cades-Barne, and cast forth all that dwelt3: And he said unto them, Tell me now, ye in the wilderness.sons of Chanaan, who this people is, that 15: So they dwelt in the land of the Amo-dwelleth in the hill country, and what are rites, and they destroyed by their strengththe cities that they inhabit, and what is the all them of Esebon, and passing over Jor-multitude of their army, and wherein is dan they possessed all the hill country.their power and strength, and what king is 16: And they cast forth before them theset over them, or captain of their army; Chanaanite, the Pherezite, the Jebusite, and4: And why have they determined not to the Sychemite, and all the Gergesites, andcome and meet me, more than all the in- they dwelt in that country many days.habitants of the west. 17: And whilst they sinned not before their5: Then said Achior, the captain of all the God, they prospered, because the God thatsons of Ammon, Let my lord now hear a hateth iniquity was with them.word from the mouth of thy servant, and I 18: But when they departed from the waywill declare unto thee the truth concerning which he appointed them, they were de-this people, which dwelleth near thee, and stroyed in many battles very sore, and wereinhabiteth the hill countries: and there shall led captives into a land that was not theirs, 63
  • and the temple of their God was cast to the they are not able to sustain the power ofground, and their cities were taken by the our horses.enemies. 4: For with them we will tread them under19: But now are they returned to their foot, and their mountains shall be drunkenGod, and are come up from the places with their blood, and their fields shall bewhere they were scattered, and have pos- filled with their dead bodies, and theirsessed Jerusalem, where their sanctuary is, footsteps shall not be able to stand beforeand are seated in the hill country; for it was us, for they shall utterly perish, saith kingdesolate. Nabuchodonosor, lord of all the earth: for20: Now therefore, my lord and governor, he said, None of my words shall be in vain.if there be any error against this people, 5: And thou, Achior, an hireling of Am-and they sin against their God, let us con- mon, which hast spoken these words in thesider that this shall be their ruin, and let us day of thine iniquity, shalt see my face nogo up, and we shall overcome them. more from this day, until I take vengeance21: But if there be no iniquity in their na- of this nation that came out of Egypt.tion, let my lord now pass by, lest their 6: And then shall the sword of mine army,Lord defend them, and their God be for and the multitude of them that serve me,them, and we become a reproach before all pass through thy sides, and thou shalt fallthe world. among their slain, when I return.22: And when Achior had finished these 7: Now therefore my servants shall bringsayings, all the people standing round thee back into the hill country, and shall setabout the tent murmured, and the chief thee in one of the cities of the passages:men of Holofernes, and all that dwelt by 8: And thou shalt not perish, till thou bethe sea side, and in Moab, spake that he destroyed with them.should kill him. 9: And if thou persuade thyself in thy mind23: For, say they, we will not be afraid of that they shall be taken, let not thy counte-the face of the children of Israel: for, lo, it nance fall: I have spoken it, and none ofis a people that have no strength nor my words shall be in vain.power for a strong battle 10: Then Holofernes commanded his ser-24: Now therefore, lord Holofernes, we vants, that waited in his tent, to takewill go up, and they shall be a prey to be Achior, and bring him to Bethulia, anddevoured of all thine army. deliver him into the hands of the children of Israel. 11: So his servants took him, and brought him out of the camp into the plain, and they went from the midst of the plain into CHAPTER 6 the hill country, and came unto the foun- tains that were under Bethulia.And when the tumult of men that were 12: And when the men of the city sawabout the council was ceased, Holofernes them, they took up their weapons, andthe chief captain of the army of Assur said went out of the city to the top of the hill:unto Achior and all the Moabites before all and every man that used a sling kept themthe company of other nations, from coming up by casting of stones2: And who art thou, Achior, and the hire- against them.lings of Ephraim, that thou hast prophe- 13: Nevertheless having gotten privily un-sied against us as to day, and hast said, that der the hill, they bound Achior, and castwe should not make war with the people of him down, and left him at the foot of theIsrael, because their God will defend them? hill, and returned to their lord.and who is God but Nabuchodonosor? 14: But the Israelites descended from their3: He will send his power, and will destroy city, and came unto him, and loosed him,them from the face of the earth, and their and brought him to Bethulia, and pre-God shall not deliver them: but we his sented him to the governors of the city:servants will destroy them as one man; for 15: Which were in those days Ozias the 64
  • son of Micha, of the tribe of Simeon, and saw the multitude of them, were greatlyChabris the son of Gothoniel, and Charmis troubled, and said every one to histhe son of Melchiel. neighbour, Now will these men lick up the16: And they called together all the an- face of the earth; for neither the highcients of the city, and all their youth ran mountains, nor the valleys, nor the hills,together, and their women, to the assem- are able to bear their weight.bly, and they set Achior in the midst of all 5: Then every man took up his weapons oftheir people. Then Ozias asked him of that war, and when they had kindled fires uponwhich was done. their towers, they remained and watched all17: And he answered and declared unto that night.them the words of the council of Holofer- 6: But in the second day Holofernesnes, and all the words that he had spoken brought forth all his horsemen in the sightin the midst of the princes of Assur, and of the children of Israel which were inwhatsoever Holofernes had spoken Bethulia,proudly against the house of Israel. 7: And viewed the passages up to the city,18: Then the people fell down and wor- and came to the fountains of their waters,shipped God, and cried unto God. saying, and took them, and set garrisons of men of19: O Lord God of heaven, behold their war over them, and he himself removedpride, and pity the low estate of our nation, toward his people.and look upon the face of those that are 8: Then came unto him all the chief of thesanctified unto thee this day. children of Esau, and all the governors of20: Then they comforted Achior, and the people of Moab, and the captains ofpraised him greatly. the sea coast, and said,21: And Ozias took him out of the assem- 9: Let our lord now hear a word, that therebly unto his house, and made a feast to the be not an overthrow in thine army.elders; and they called on the God of Israel 10: For this people of the children of Israelall that night for help. do not trust in their spears, but in the height of the mountains wherein they dwell, because it is not easy to come up to the tops of their mountains. CHAPTER 7 11: Now therefore, my lord, fight not against them in battle array, and there shallThe next day Holofernes commanded all not so much as one man of thy peoplehis army, and all his people which were perish.come to take his part, that they should 12: Remain in thy camp, and keep all theremove their camp against Bethulia, to take men of thine army, and let thy servants getaforehand the ascents of the hill country, into their hands the fountain of water,and to make war against the children of which issueth forth of the foot of theIsrael. mountain:2: Then their strong men removed their 13: For all the inhabitants of Bethulia havecamps in that day, and the army of the men their water thence; so shall thirst kill them,of war was an hundred and seventy thou- and they shall give up their city, and wesand footmen, and twelve thousand horse- and our people shall go up to the tops ofmen, beside the baggage, and other men the mountains that are near, and will campthat were afoot among them, a very great upon them, to watch that none go out ofmultitude. the city.3: And they camped in the valley near unto 14: So they and their wives and their chil-Bethulia, by the fountain, and they spread dren shall be consumed with fire, and be-themselves in breadth over Dothaim even fore the sword come against them, theyto Belmaim, and in length from Bethulia shall be overthrown in the streets whereunto Cynamon, which is over against Es- they dwell.draelon. 15: Thus shalt thou render them an evil4: Now the children of Israel, when they reward; because they rebelled, and met not 65
  • thy person peaceably. 26: Now therefore call them unto you, and16: And these words pleased Holofernes deliver the whole city for a spoil to theand all his servants, and he appointed to do people of Holofernes, and to all his army.as they had spoken. 27: For it is better for us to be made a spoil17: So the camp of the children of Ammon unto them, than to die for thirst: for wedeparted, and with them five thousand of will be his servants, that our souls may live,the Assyrians, and they pitched in the val- and not see the death of our infants beforeley, and took the waters, and the fountains our eyes, nor our wives nor our children toof the waters of the children of Israel. die.18: Then the children of Esau went up 28: We take to witness against you thewith the children of Ammon, and camped heaven and the earth, and our God andin the hill country over against Dothaim: Lord of our fathers, which punisheth usand they sent some of them toward the according to our sins and the sins of oursouth, and toward the east over against fathers, that he do not according as weEkrebel, which is near unto Chusi, that is have said this day.upon the brook Mochmur; and the rest of 29: Then there was great weeping with onethe army of the Assyrians camped in the consent in the midst of the assembly; andplain, and covered the face of the whole they cried unto the Lord God with a loudland; and their tents and carriages were voice.pitched to a very great multitude. 30: Then said Ozias to them, Brethren, be19: Then the children of Israel cried unto of good courage, let us yet endure fivethe Lord their God, because their heart days, in the which space the Lord our Godfailed, for all their enemies had compassed may turn his mercy toward us; for he willthem round about, and there was no way not forsake us utterly.to escape out from among them. 31: And if these days pass, and there come20: Thus all the company of Assur re- no help unto us, I will do according to yourmained about them, both their footmen, word.chariots, and horsemen, four and thirty 32: And he dispersed the people, every onedays, so that all their vessels of water failed to their own charge; and they went untoall the inhibitants of Bethulia. the walls and towers of their city, and sent21: And the cisterns were emptied, and the women and children into their houses:they had not water to drink their fill for and they were very low brought in the city.one day; for they gave them drink by meas-ure.22: Therefore their young children were CHAPTER 8out of heart, and their women and youngmen fainted for thirst, and fell down in the Now at that time Judith heard thereof,streets of the city, and by the passages of which was the daughter of Merari, the sonthe gates, and there was no longer any of Ox, the son of Joseph, the son of Ozel,strength in them. the son of Elcia, the son of Ananias, the23: Then all the people assembled to Ozias, son of Gedeon, the son of Raphaim, theand to the chief of the city, both young son of Acitho, the son of Eliu, the son ofmen, and women, and children, and cried Eliab, the son of Nathanael, the son ofwith a loud voice, and said before all the Samael, the son of Salasadal, the son ofelders, Israel.24: God be judge between us and you: for 2: And Manasses was her husband, of herye have done us great injury, in that ye tribe and kindred, who died in the barleyhave not required peace of the children of harvest.Assur. 3: For as he stood overseeing them that25: For now we have no helper: but God bound sheaves in the field, the heat camehath sold us into their hands, that we upon his head, and he fell on his bed, andshould be thrown down before them with died in the city of Bethulia: and they buriedthirst and great destruction. him with his fathers in the field between 66
  • Dothaim and Balamo. five days, he hath power to defend us when4: So Judith was a widow in her house he will, even every day, or to destroy usthree years and four months. before our enemies.5: And she made her a tent upon the top of 16: Do not bind the counsels of the Lordher house, and put on sackcloth upon her our God: for God is not as man, that heloins and ware her widows apparel. may be threatened; neither is he as the son6: And she fasted all the days of her wid- of man, that he should be wavering.owhood, save the eves of the sabbaths, and 17: Therefore let us wait for salvation ofthe sabbaths, and the eves of the new him, and call upon him to help us, and hemoons, and the new moons and the feasts will hear our voice, if it please him.and solemn days of the house of Israel. 18: For there arose none in our age, neither7: She was also of a goodly countenance, is there any now in these days neither tribe,and very beautiful to behold: and her hus- nor family, nor people, nor city among us,band Manasses had left her gold, and sil- which worship gods made with hands, asver, and menservants and maidservants, hath been aforetime.and cattle, and lands; and she remained 19: For the which cause our fathers wereupon them. given to the sword, and for a spoil, and had8: And there was none that gave her an ill a great fall before our enemies.word; for she feared God greatly. 20: But we know none other god, therefore9: Now when she heard the evil words of we trust that he will not despise us, nor anythe people against the governor, that they of our nation.fainted for lack of water; for Judith had 21: For if we be taken so, all Judea shall lieheard all the words that Ozias had spoken waste, and our sanctuary shall be spoiled;unto them, and that he had sworn to de- and he will require the profanation thereofliver the city unto the Assyrians after five at our mouth.days; 22: And the slaughter of our brethren, and10: Then she sent her waitingwoman, that the captivity of the country, and the desola-had the government of all things that she tion of our inheritance, will he turn uponhad, to call Ozias and Chabris and Char- our heads among the Gentiles, whereso-mis, the ancients of the city. ever we shall be in bondage; and we shall11: And they came unto her, and she said be an offence and a reproach to all themunto them, Hear me now, O ye governors that possess us.of the inhabitants of Bethulia: for your 23: For our servitude shall not be directedwords that ye have spoken before the peo- to favour: but the Lord our God shall turnple this day are not right, touching this it to dishonour.oath which ye made and pronounced be- 24: Now therefore, O brethren, let us shewtween God and you, and have promised to an example to our brethren, because theirdeliver the city to our enemies, unless hearts depend upon us, and the sanctuary,within these days the Lord turn to help and the house, and the altar, rest upon us.you. 25: Moreover let us give thanks to the Lord12: And now who are ye that have tempted our God, which trieth us, even as he didGod this day, and stand instead of God our fathers.among the children of men? 26: Remember what things he did to Abra-13: And now try the Lord Almighty, but ye ham, and how he tried Isaac, and whatshall never know any thing. happened to Jacob in Mesopotamia of14: For ye cannot find the depth of the Syria, when he kept the sheep of Laban hisheart of man, neither can ye perceive the mothers brother.things that he thinketh: then how can ye 27: For he hath not tried us in the fire, assearch out God, that hath made all these he did them, for the examination of theirthings, and know his mind, or comprehend hearts, neither hath he taken vengeance onhis purpose? Nay, my brethren, provoke us: but the Lord doth scourge them thatnot the Lord our God to anger. come near unto him, to admonish them.15: For if he will not help us within these 28: Then said Ozias to her, All that thou 67
  • hast spoken hast thou spoken with a good 3: Wherefore thou gavest their rulers to beheart, and there is none that may gainsay slain, so that they dyed their bed in blood,thy words. being deceived, and smotest the servants29: For this is not the first day wherein thy with their lords, and the lords upon theirwisdom is manifested; but from the begin- thrones;ning of thy days all the people have known 4: And hast given their wives for a prey,thy understanding, because the disposition and their daughters to be captives, and allof thine heart is good. their spoils to be divided among thy dear30: But the people were very thirsty, and children; which were moved with thy zeal,compelled us to do unto them as we have and abhorred the pollution of their blood,spoken, and to bring an oath upon our- and called upon thee for aid: O God, O myselves, which we will not break. God, hear me also a widow.31: Therefore now pray thou for us, be- 5: For thou hast wrought not only thosecause thou art a godly woman, and the things, but also the things which fell outLord will send us rain to fill our cisterns, before, and which ensued after; thou hastand we shall faint no more. thought upon the things which are now,32: Then said Judith unto them, Hear me, and which are to come.and I will do a thing, which shall go 6: Yea, what things thou didst determinethroughout all generations to the children were ready at hand, and said, Lo, we areof our nation. here: for all thy ways are prepared, and thy33: Ye shall stand this night in the gate, and judgments are in thy foreknowledge.I will go forth with my waitingwoman: and 7: For, behold, the Assyrians are multipliedwithin the days that ye have promised to in their power; they are exalted with horsedeliver the city to our enemies the Lord and man; they glory in the strength of theirwill visit Israel by mine hand. footmen; they trust in shield, and spear,34: But enquire not ye of mine act: for I and bow, and sling; and know not thatwill not declare it unto you, till the things thou art the Lord that breakest the battles:be finished that I do. the Lord is thy name.35: Then said Ozias and the princes unto 8: Throw down their strength in thy power,her, Go in peace, and the Lord God be and bring down their force in thy wrath:before thee, to take vengeance on our ene- for they have purposed to defile thy sanc-mies. tuary, and to pollute the tabernacle where36: So they returned from the tent, and thy glorious name resteth and to cast downwent to their wards. with sword the horn of thy altar. 9: Behold their pride, and send thy wrath upon their heads: give into mine hand, CHAPTER 9 which am a widow, the power that I have conceived.J udith fell upon her face, and put ashes 10: Smite by the deceit of my lips the ser-upon her head, and uncovered the sack- vant with the prince, and the prince withcloth wherewith she was clothed; and the servant: break down their stateliness byabout the time that the incense of that the hand of a woman.evening was offered in Jerusalem in the 11: For thy power standeth not in multi-house of the Lord Judith cried with a loud tude nor thy might in strong men: for thouvoice, and said, art a God of the afflicted, an helper of the2: O Lord God of my father Simeon, to oppressed, an upholder of the weak, a pro-whom thou gavest a sword to take venge- tector of the forlorn, a saviour of them thatance of the strangers, who loosened the are without hope.girdle of a maid to defile her, and discov- 12: I pray thee, I pray thee, O God of myered the thigh to her shame, and polluted father, and God of the inheritance of Is-her virginity to her reproach; for thou rael, Lord of the heavens and earth, Crea-saidst, It shall not be so; and yet they did tor of the waters, king of every creature,so: hear thou my prayer: 68
  • 13: And make my speech and deceit to be and to the exaltation of Jerusalem. Thentheir wound and stripe, who have pur- they worshipped God.posed cruel things against thy covenant, 9: And she said unto them, Command theand thy hallowed house, and against the gates of the city to be opened unto me,top of Sion, and against the house of the that I may go forth to accomplish thepossession of thy children. things whereof ye have spoken with me. So14: And make every nation and tribe to they commanded the young men to openacknowledge that thou art the God of all unto her, as she had spoken.power and might, and that there is none 10: And when they had done so, Judithother that protecteth the people of Israel went out, she, and her maid with her; andbut thou. the men of the city looked after her, until she was gone down the mountain, and till she had passed the valley, and could see CHAPTER 10 her no more. 11: Thus they went straight forth in theN ow after that she had ceased to cry unto valley: and the first watch of the Assyriansthe God of Israel, and bad made an end of met her,all these words. 12: And took her, and asked her, Of what2: She rose where she had fallen down, and people art thou? and whence comest thou?called her maid, and went down into the and whither goest thou? And she said, I amhouse in the which she abode in the sab- a woman of the Hebrews, and am fledbath days, and in her feast days, from them: for they shall be given you to3: And pulled off the sackcloth which she be consumed:had on, and put off the garments of her 13: And I am coming before Holoferneswidowhood, and washed her body all over the chief captain of your army, to declarewith water, and anointed herself with pre- words of truth; and I will shew him a way,cious ointment, and braided the hair of her whereby he shall go, and win all the hillhead, and put on a tire upon it, and put on country, without losing the body or life ofher garments of gladness, wherewith she any one of his men.was clad during the life of Manasses her 14: Now when the men heard her words,husband. and beheld her countenance, they won-4: And she took sandals upon her feet, and dered greatly at her beauty, and said untoput about her her bracelets, and her chains, her,and her rings, and her earrings, and all her 15: Thou hast saved thy life, in that thouornaments, and decked herself bravely, to hast hasted to come down to the presenceallure the eyes of all men that should see of our lord: now therefore come to hisher. tent, and some of us shall conduct thee,5: Then she gave her maid a bottle of wine, until they have delivered thee to his hands.and a cruse of oil, and filled a bag with 16: And when thou standest before him, beparched corn, and lumps of figs, and with not afraid in thine heart, but shew untofine bread; so she folded all these things him according to thy word; and he willtogether, and laid them upon her. entreat thee well.6: Thus they went forth to the gate of the 17: Then they chose out of them an hun-city of Bethulia, and found standing there dred men to accompany her and her maid;Ozias and the ancients of the city, Chabris and they brought her to the tent ofand Charmis. Holofernes.7: And when they saw her, that her counte- 18: Then was there a concourse through-nance was altered, and her apparel was out all the camp: for her coming waschanged, they wondered at her beauty very noised among the tents, and they camegreatly, and said unto her. about her, as she stood without the tent of8: The God, the God of our fathers give Holofernes, till they told him of her.thee favour, and accomplish thine enter- 19: And they wondered at her beauty, andprizes to the glory of the children of Israel, admired the children of Israel because of 69
  • her, and every one said to his neighbour, living thing: for not only men shall serveWho would despise this people, that have him by thee, but also the beasts of theamong them such women? surely it is not field, and the cattle, and the fowls of thegood that one man of them be left who air, shall live by thy power under Nabucho-being let go might deceive the whole earth. donosor and all his house.20: And they that lay near Holofernes went 8: For we have heard of thy wisdom andout, and all his servants and they brought thy policies, and it is reported in all theher into the tent. earth, that thou only art excellent in all the21: Now Holofernes rested upon his bed kingdom, and mighty in knowledge, andunder a canopy, which was woven with wonderful in feats of war.purple, and gold, and emeralds, and pre- 9: Now as concerning the matter, whichcious stones. Achior did speak in thy council, we have22: So they shewed him of her; and he heard his words; for the men of Bethuliacame out before his tent with silver lamps saved him, and he declared unto them allgoing before him. that he had spoken unto thee.23: And when Judith was come before him 10: Therefore, O lord and governor, rejectand his servants they all marvelled at the not his word; but lay it up in thine heart,beauty of her countenance; and she fell for it is true: for our nation shall not bedown upon her face, and did reverence punished, neither can sword prevail againstunto him: and his servants took her up. them, except they sin against their God. 11: And now, that my lord be not defeated and frustrate of his purpose, even death is CHAPTER 11 now fallen upon them, and their sin hath overtaken them, wherewith they will pro-Then said Holofernes unto her, Woman, voke their God to anger whensoever theybe of good comfort, fear not in thine heart: shall do that which is not fit to be done:for I never hurt any that was willing to 12: For their victuals fail them, and all theirserve Nabuchodonosor, the king of all the water is scant, and they have determined toearth. lay hands upon their cattle, and purposed2: Now therefore, if thy people that dwel- to consume all those things, that God hathleth in the mountains had not set light by forbidden them to eat by his laws:me, I would not have lifted up my spear 13: And are resolved to spend theagainst them: but they have done these firstfruits of the the tenths of wine and oil,things to themselves. which they had sanctified, and reserved for3: But now tell me wherefore thou art fled the priests that serve in Jerusalem beforefrom them, and art come unto us: for thou the face of our God; the which things it isart come for safeguard; be of good com- not lawful for any of the people so muchfort, thou shalt live this night, and hereaf- as to touch with their hands.ter: 14: For they have sent some to Jerusalem,4: For none shall hurt thee, but entreat thee because they also that dwell there havewell, as they do the servants of king done the like, to bring them a licence fromNabuchodonosor my lord. the senate.5: Then Judith said unto him, Receive the 15: Now when they shall bring them word,words of thy servant, and suffer thine they will forthwith do it, and they shall behandmaid to speak in thy presence, and I given to thee to be destroyed the same day.will declare no lie to my lord this night. 16: Wherefore I thine handmaid, knowing6: And if thou wilt follow the words of all this, am fled from their presence; andthine handmaid, God will bring the thing God hath sent me to work things withperfectly to pass by thee; and my lord shall thee, whereat all the earth shall be aston-not fail of his purposes. ished, and whosoever shall hear it.7: As Nabuchodonosor king of all the 17: For thy servant is religious, and servethearth liveth, and as his power liveth, who the God of heaven day and night: nowhath sent thee for the upholding of every therefore, my lord, I will remain with thee, 70
  • and thy servant will go out by night into spend those things that I have, before thethe valley, and I will pray unto God, and he Lord work by mine hand the things that hewill tell me when they have committed hath determined.their sins: 5: Then the servants of Holofernes18: And I will come and shew it unto thee: brought her into the tent, and she slept tillthen thou shalt go forth with all thine midnight, and she arose when it was to-army, and there shall be none of them that ward the morning watch,shall resist thee. 6: And sent to Holofernes, saving, Let my19: And I will lead thee through the midst lord now command that thine handmaidof Judea, until thou come before Jerusalem; may go forth unto prayer.and I will set thy throne in the midst 7: Then Holofernes commanded his guardthereof; and thou shalt drive them as sheep that they should not stay her: thus shethat have no shepherd, and a dog shall not abode in the camp three days, and wentso much as open his mouth at thee: for out in the night into the valley of Bethulia,these things were told me according to my and washed herself in a fountain of waterforeknowledge, and they were declared by the camp.unto me, and I am sent to tell thee. 8: And when she came out, she besought20: Then her words pleased Holofernes the Lord God of Israel to direct her way toand all his servants; and they marvelled at the raising up of the children of her people.her wisdom, and said, 9: So she came in clean, and remained in21: There is not such a woman from one the tent, until she did eat her meat at eve-end of the earth to the other, both for ning.beauty of face, and wisdom of words. 10: And in the fourth day Holofernes made22: Likewise Holofernes said unto her. a feast to his own servants only, and calledGod hath done well to send thee before none of the officers to the banquet.the people, that strength might be in our 11: Then said he to Bagoas the eunuch,hands and destruction upon them that who had charge over all that he had, Golightly regard my lord. now, and persuade this Hebrew woman23: And now thou art both beautiful in thy which is with thee, that she come unto us,countenance, and witty in thy words: surely and eat and drink with us.if thou do as thou hast spoken thy God 12: For, lo, it will be a shame for our per-shall be my God, and thou shalt dwell in son, if we shall let such a woman go, notthe house of king Nabuchodonosor, and having had her company; for if we drawshalt be renowned through the whole her not unto us, she will laugh us to scorn.earth. 13: Then went Bagoas from the presence of Holofernes, and came to her, and he said, Let not this fair damsel fear to come CHAPTER 12 to my lord, and to be honoured in his pres- ence, and drink wine, and be merry with usThen he commanded to bring her in and be made this day as one of the daugh-where his plate was set; and bade that they ters of the Assyrians, which serve in theshould prepare for her of his own meats, house of Nabuchodonosor.and that she should drink of his own wine. 14: Then said Judith unto him, Who am I2: And Judith said, I will not eat thereof, now, that I should gainsay my lord? surelylest there be an offence: but provision shall whatsoever pleaseth him I will do speedily,be made for me of the things that I have and it shall be my joy unto the day of mybrought. death.3: Then Holofernes said unto her, If thy 15: So she arose, and decked herself withprovision should fail, how should we give her apparel and all her womans attire, andthee the like? for there be none with us of her maid went and laid soft skins on thethy nation. ground for her over against Holofernes,4: Then said Judith unto him As thy soul which she had received of Bagoas far herliveth, my lord, thine handmaid shall not daily use, that she might sit and eat upon 71
  • them. Strengthen me, O Lord God of Israel, this16: Now when Judith came in and sat day.down, Holofernes his heart was ravished 8: And she smote twice upon his neck withwith her, and his mind was moved, and he all her might, and she took away his headdesired greatly her company; for he waited from him.a time to deceive her, from the day that he 9: And tumbled his body down from thehad seen her. bed, and pulled down the canopy from the17: Then said Holofernes unto her, Drink pillars; and anon after she went forth, andnow, and be merry with us. gave Holofernes his head to her maid;18: So Judith said, I will drink now, my 10: And she put it in her bag of meat: solord, because my life is magnified in me they twain went together according to theirthis day more than all the days since I was custom unto prayer: and when they passedborn. the camp, they compassed the valley, and19: Then she took and ate and drank be- went up the mountain of Bethulia, andfore him what her maid had prepared. came to the gates thereof.20: And Holofernes took great delight in 11: Then said Judith afar off, to the watch-her, and drank more wine than he had men at the gate, Open, open now the gate:drunk at any time in one day since he was God, even our God, is with us, to shew hisborn. power yet in Jerusalem, and his forces against the enemy, as he hath even done this day. CHAPTER 13 12: Now when the men of her city heard her voice, they made haste to go down toN ow when the evening was come, his the gate of their city, and they called theservants made haste to depart, and Bagoas elders of the city.shut his tent without, and dismissed the 13: And then they ran all together, bothwaiters from the presence of his lord; and small and great, for it was strange untothey went to their beds: for they were all them that she was come: so they openedweary, because the feast had been long. the gate, and received them, and made a2: And Judith was left along in the tent, fire for a light, and stood round aboutand Holofernes lying along upon his bed: them.for he was filled with wine. 14: Then she said to them with a loud3: Now Judith had commanded her maid voice, Praise, praise God, praise God, I say,to stand without her bedchamber, and to for he hath not taken away his mercy fromwait for her. coming forth, as she did daily: the house of Israel, but hath destroyed ourfor she said she would go forth to her enemies by mine hands this night.prayers, and she spake to Bagoas according 15: So she took the head out of the bag,to the same purpose. and shewed it, and said unto them, behold4: So all went forth and none was left in the head of Holofernes, the chief captainthe bedchamber, neither little nor great. of the army of Assur, and behold the can-Then Judith, standing by his bed, said in opy, wherein he did lie in his drunkenness;her heart, O Lord God of all power, look and the Lord hath smitten him by the handat this present upon the works of mine of a woman.hands for the exaltation of Jerusalem. 16: As the Lord liveth, who hath kept me5: For now is the time to help thine inheri- in my way that I went, my countenancetance, and to execute thine enterprizes to hath deceived him to his destruction, andthe destruction of the enemies which are yet hath he not committed sin with me, torisen against us. defile and shame me.6: Then she came to the pillar of the bed, 17: Then all the people were wonderfullywhich was at Holofernes head, and took astonished, and bowed themselves anddown his fauchion from thence, worshipped God, and said with one ac-7: And approached to his bed, and took cord, Blessed be thou, O our God, whichhold of the hair of his head, and said, hast this day brought to nought the ene- 72
  • mies of thy people. 7: But when they had recovered him, he18: Then said Ozias unto her, O daughter, fell at Judiths feet, and reverenced her, andblessed art thou of the most high God said, Blessed art thou in all the tabernaclesabove all the women upon the earth; and of Juda, and in all nations, which hearingblessed be the Lord God, which hath cre- thy name shall be astonished.ated the heavens and the earth, which hath 8: Now therefore tell me all the things thatdirected thee to the cutting off of the head thou hast done in these days. Then Judithof the chief of our enemies. declared unto him in the midst of the peo-19: For this thy confidence shall not depart ple all that she had done, from the day thatfrom the heart of men, which remember she went forth until that hour she spakethe power of God for ever. unto them.20: And God turn these things to thee for 9: And when she had left off speaking, thea perpetual praise, to visit thee in good people shouted with a loud voice, andthings because thou hast not spared thy life made a joyful noise in their city.for the affliction of our nation, but hast 10: And when Achior had seen all that therevenged our ruin, walking a straight way God of Israel had done, he believed inbefore our God. And all the people said; God greatly, and circumcised the flesh ofSo be it, so be it. his foreskin, and was joined unto the house of Israel unto this day. 11: And as soon as the morning arose, they CHAPTER 14 hanged the head of Holofernes upon the wall, and every man took his weapons, andThen said Judith unto them, Hear me they went forth by bands unto the straits ofnow, my brethren, and take this head, and the mountain.hang it upon the highest place of your 12: But when the Assyrians saw them, theywalls. sent to their leaders, which came to their2: And so soon as the morning shall ap- captains and tribunes, and to every one ofpear, and the sun shall come forth upon their rulers.the earth, take ye every one his weapons, 13: So they came to Holofernes tent, andand go forth every valiant man out of the said to him that had the charge of all hiscity, and set ye a captain over them, as things, Waken now our lord: for the slavesthough ye would go down into the field have been bold to come down against us totoward the watch of the Assyrians; but go battle, that they may be utterly destroyed.not down. 14: Then went in Bagoas, and knocked at3: Then they shall take their armour, and the door of the tent; for he thought that heshall go into their camp, and raise up the had slept with Judith.captains of the army of Assur, and shall 15: But because none answered, he openedrun to the tent of Holofernes, but shall not it, and went into the bedchamber, andfind him: then fear shall fall upon them, found him cast upon the floor dead, andand they shall flee before your face. his head was taken from him.4: So ye, and all that inhabit the coast of 16: Therefore he cried with a loud voice,Israel, shall pursue them, and overthrow with weeping, and sighing, and a mightythem as they go. cry, and rent his garments.5: But before ye do these things, call me 17: After he went into the tent where Ju-Achior the Ammonite, that he may see and dith lodged: and when he found her not, heknow him that despised the house of Is- leaped out to the people, and cried,rael, and that sent him to us as it were to 18: These slaves have dealt treacherously;his death. one woman of the Hebrews hath brought6: Then they called Achior out of the shame upon the house of king Nabucho-house of Ozias; and when he was come, donosor: for, behold, Holofernes liethand saw the head of Holofernes in a mans upon the ground without a head.hand in the assembly of the people, he fell 19: When the captains of the Assyriansdown on his face, and his spirit failed. army heard these words, they rent their 73
  • coats and their minds were wonderfully thou art the great glory of Israel, thou arttroubled, and there was a cry and a very the great rejoicing of our nation:great noise throughout the camp. 10: Thou hast done all these things by thine hand: thou hast done much good to Israel, and God is pleased therewith: CHAPTER 15 blessed be thou of the Almighty Lord for evermore. And all the people said, So be it.And when they that were in the tents 11: And the people spoiled the camp theheard, they were astonished at the thing space of thirty days: and they gave untothat was done. Judith Holofernes his tent, and all his plate,2: And fear and trembling fell upon them, and beds, and vessels, and all his stuff: andso that there was no man that durst abide she took it and laid it on her mule; andin the sight of his neighbour, but rushing made ready her carts, and laid themout all together, they fled into every way of thereon.the plain, and of the hill country. 12: Then all the women of Israel ran to-3: They also that had camped in the moun- gether to see her, and blessed her, andtains round about Bethulia fled away. Then made a dance among them for her: and shethe children of Israel, every one that was a took branches in her hand, and gave also towarrior among them, rushed out upon the women that were with her.them. 13: And they put a garland of olive upon4: Then sent Ozias to Betomasthem, and her and her maid that was with her, andto Bebai, and Chobai, and Cola and to all she went before all the people in the dance,the coasts of Israel, such as should tell the leading all the women: and all the men ofthings that were done, and that all should Israel followed in their armour with gar-rush forth upon their enemies to destroy lands, and with songs in their mouths.them.5: Now when the children of Israel heardit, they all fell upon them with one consent, CHAPTER 16and slew them unto Chobai: likewise alsothey that came from Jerusalem, and from Then Judith began to sing this thanksgiv-all the hill country, (for men had told them ing in all Israel, and all the people sangwhat things were done in the camp of their after her this song of praise.enemies) and they that were in Galaad, and 2: And Judith said, Begin unto my Godin Galilee, chased them with a great slaugh- with timbrels, sing unto my Lord withter, until they were past Damascus and the cymbals: tune unto him a new psalm: exaltborders thereof. him, and call upon his name.6: And the residue that dwelt at Bethulia, 3: For God breaketh the battles: for amongfell upon the camp of Assur, and spoiled the camps in the midst of the people hethem, and were greatly enriched. hath delivered me out of the hands of7: And the children of Israel that returned them that persecuted me.from the slaughter had that which re- 4: Assur came out of the mountains frommained; and the villages and the cities, that the north, he came with ten thousands ofwere in the mountains and in the plain, gat his army, the multitude whereof stoppedmany spoils: for the multitude was very the torrents, and their horsemen have cov-great. ered the hills.8: Then Joacim the high priest, and the 5: He bragged that he would burn up myancients of the children of Israel that dwelt borders, and kill my young men with thein Jerusalem, came to behold the good sword, and dash the sucking childrenthings that God had shewed to Israel, and against the ground, and make mine infantsto see Judith, and to salute her. as a prey, and my virgins as a spoil.9: And when they came unto her, they 6: But the Almighty Lord hath disap-blessed her with one accord, and said unto pointed them by the hand of a woman.her, Thou art the exaltation of Jerusalem, 7: For the mighty one did not fall by the 74
  • young men, neither did the sons of the taken out of his bedchamber, for a giftTitans smite him, nor high giants set upon unto the Lord.him: but Judith the daughter of Merari 20: So the people continued feasting inweakened him with the beauty of her coun- Jerusalem before the sanctuary for thetenance. space of three months and Judith remained8: For she put off the garment of her wid- with them.owhood for the exaltation of those that 21: After this time every one returned towere oppressed in Israel, and anointed her his own inheritance, and Judith went toface with ointment, and bound her hair in a Bethulia, and remained in her own posses-tire, and took a linen garment to deceive sion, and was in her time honourable in allhim. the country.9: Her sandals ravished his eyes, her beauty 22: And many desired her, but none knewtook his mind prisoner, and the fauchion her all the days of her life, after that Ma-passed through his neck. nasses her husband was dead, and was10: The Persians quaked at her boldness, gathered to his people.and the Medes were daunted at her hardi- 23: But she increased more and more inness. honour, and waxed old in her husbands11: Then my afflicted shouted for joy, and house, being an hundred and five years old,my weak ones cried aloud; but they were and made her maid free; so she died inastonished: these lifted up their voices, but Bethulia: and they buried her in the cave ofthey were overthrown. her husband Manasses.12: The sons of the damsels have pierced 24: And the house of Israel lamented herthem through, and wounded them as fuga- seven days: and before she died, she didtives children: they perished by the battle distribute her goods to all them that wereof the Lord. nearest of kindred to Manasses her hus-13: I will sing unto the Lord a new song: O band, and to them that were the nearest ofLord, thou art great and glorious, wonder- her kindred.ful in strength, and invincible. 25: And there was none that made the chil-14: Let all creatures serve thee: for thou dren of Israel any more afraid in the daysspakest, and they were made, thou didst of Judith, nor a long time after her death.send forth thy spirit, and it created them,and there is none that can resist thy voice.15: For the mountains shall be movedfrom their foundations with the waters, therocks shall melt as wax at thy presence: yetthou art merciful to them that fear thee.16: For all sacrifice is too little for a sweetsavour unto thee, and all the fat is not suf-ficient for thy burnt offering: but he thatfeareth the Lord is great at all times.17: Woe to the nations that rise up againstmy kindred! the Lord Almighty will takevengeance of them in the day of judgment,in putting fire and worms in their flesh;and they shall feel them, and weep for ever.18: Now as soon as they entered into Jeru-salem, they worshipped the Lord; and assoon as the people were purified, they of-fered their burnt offerings, and their freeofferings, and their gifts.19: Judith also dedicated all the stuff ofHolofernes, which the people had givenher, and gave the canopy, which she had 75
  • The Rest of the Chapters of the Book of EstherThen Mardocheus said, God hath done Susa, a great man, being a servitor in thethese things. kings court.5: For I remember a dream which I saw 4: He was also one of the captives, whichconcerning these matters, and nothing Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon car-thereof hath failed. ried from Jerusalem with Jechonias king of6: A little fountain became a river, and there Judea; and this was his dream:was light, and the sun, and much water: this 5: Behold a noise of a tumult, with thunder,river is Esther, whom the king married, and and earthquakes, and uproar in the land:made queen: 6: And, behold, two great dragons came7: And the two dragons are I and Aman. forth ready to fight, and their cry was great.8: And the nations were those that were 7: And at their cry all nations were pre-assembled to destroy the name of the Jews: pared to battle, that they might fight9: And my nation is this Israel, which cried against the righteous people.to God, and were saved: for the Lord hath 8: And lo a day of darkness and obscurity,saved his people, and the Lord hath deliv- tribulation and anguish, affliction and greatered us from all those evils, and God hath uproar, upon earth.wrought signs and great wonders, which 9: And the whole righteous nation washave not been done among the Gentiles. troubled, fearing their own evils, and were10: Therefore hath he made two lots, one ready to perish.for the people of God, and another for all 10: Then they cried unto God, and uponthe Gentiles. their cry, as it were from a little fountain,11: And these two lots came at the hour, and was made a great flood, even much water.time, and day of judgment, before God 11: The light and the sun rose up, and theamong all nations. lowly were exalted, and devoured the glori-12: So God remembered his people, and ous.justified his inheritance. 12: Now when Mardocheus, who had seen13: Therefore those days shall be unto them this dream, and what God had determinedin the month Adar, the fourteenth and fif- to do, was awake, he bare this dream inteenth day of the same month, with an as- mind, and until night by all means wassembly, and joy, and with gladness before desirous to know it.God, according to the generations for everamong his people. CHAPTER 12 CHAPTER 11 A nd Mardocheus took his rest in the court with Gabatha and Tharra, the twoIn the fourth year of the reign of Ptolemeus eunuchs of the king, and keepers of theand Cleopatra, Dositheus, who said he was a palace.priest and Levite, and Ptolemeus his son, 2: And he heard their devices, and searchedbrought this epistle of Phurim, which they out their purposes, and learned that theysaid was the same, and that Lysimachus the were about to lay hands upon Artexerxesson of Ptolemeus, that was in Jerusalem, had the king; and so he certified the king ofinterpreted it. them.2: In the second year of the reign of Artex- 3: Then the king examined the twoerxes the great, in the first day of the month eunuchs, and after that they had confessedNisan, Mardocheus the son of Jairus, the it, they were strangled.son of Semei, the son of Cisai, of the tribe 4: And the king made a record of theseof Benjamin, had a dream; things, and Mardocheus also wrote thereof.3: Who was a Jew, and dwelt in the city of 5: So the king commanded, Mardocheus to 76
  • serve in the court, and for this he rewarded our affairs to be well settled, and withouthim. trouble.6: Howbeit Aman the son of Amadathus the 8: Then Mardocheus thought upon all theAgagite, who was in great honour with the works of the Lord, and made his prayer untoking, sought to molest Mardocheus and his him,people because of the two eunuchs of the 9: Saying, O Lord, Lord, the King Almighty:king. for the whole world is in thy power, and if thou hast appointed to save Israel, there is no man that can gainsay thee: CHAPTER 13 10: For thou hast made heaven and earth,The copy of the letters was this: The great and all the wondrous things under the heaven.king Artexerxes writeth these things to the 11: Thou art Lord of all things, and andprinces and governours that are under him there is no man that can resist thee, whichfrom India unto Ethiopia in an hundred and art the Lord.seven and twenty provinces. 12: Thou knowest all things, and thou know-2: After that I became lord over many na- est, Lord, that it was neither in contempttions and had dominion over the whole nor pride, nor for any desire of glory, that Iworld, not lifted up with presumption of my did not bow down to proud Aman.authority, but carrying myself always with 13: For I could have been content with goodequity and mildness, I purposed to settle my will for the salvation of Israel to kiss thesubjects continually in a quiet life, and mak- soles of his feet.ing my kingdom peaceable, and open for 14: But I did this, that I might not prefer thepassage to the utmost coasts, to renew glory of man above the glory of God: nei-peace, which is desired of all men. ther will I worship any but thee, O God,3: Now when I asked my counsellors how neither will I do it in pride.this might be brought to pass, Aman, that 15: And now, O Lord God and King, spareexcelled in wisdom among us, and was ap- thy people: for their eyes are upon us toproved for his constant good will and stead- bring us to nought; yea, they desire to de-fast fidelity, and had the honour of the sec- stroy the inheritance, that hath been thineond place in the kingdom, from the beginning.4: Declared unto us, that in all nations 16: Despise not the portion, which thou hastthroughout the world there was scattered a delivered out of Egypt for thine own self.certain malicious people, that had laws con- 17: Hear my prayer, and be merciful untotrary to ail nations, and continually despised thine inheritance: turn our sorrow into joy,the commandments of kings, so as the unit- that we may live, O Lord, and praise thying of our kingdoms, honourably intended name: and destroy not the mouths of themby us cannot go forward. that praise thee, O Lord.5: Seeing then we understand that this peo- 18: All Israel in like manner cried most ear-ple alone is continually in opposition unto all nestly unto the Lord, because their deathmen, differing in the strange manner of their was before their eyes.laws, and evil affected to our state, workingall the mischief they can that our kingdommay not be firmly established: CHAPTER 146: Therefore have we commanded, that allthey that are signified in writing unto you by Queen Esther also, being in fear of death,Aman, who is ordained over the affairs, and resorted unto the Lord:is next unto us, shall all, with their wives and 2: And laid away her glorious apparel, andchildren, be utterly destroyed by the sword put on the garments of anguish and mourn-of their enemies, without all mercy and pity, ing: and instead of precious ointments, shethe fourteenth day of the twelfth month covered her head with ashes and dung, andAdar of this present year: she humbled her body greatly, and all the7: That they, who of old and now also are places of her joy she filled with her torn hair.malicious, may in one day with violence go 3: And she prayed unto the Lord God ofinto the grave, and so ever hereafter cause Israel, saying, O my Lord, thou only art our 77
  • King: help me, desolate woman, which have esteemed the kings feast, nor drunk theno helper but thee: wine of the drink offerings.4: For my danger is in mine hand. 18: Neither had thine handmaid any joy5: From my youth up I have heard in the since the day that I was brought hither totribe of my family that thou, O Lord, took- this present, but in thee, O Lord God ofest Israel from among all people, and our Abraham.fathers from all their predecessors, for a 19: O thou mighty God above all, hear theperpetual inheritance, and thou hast per- voice of the forlorn and deliver us out of theformed whatsoever thou didst promise hands of the mischievous, and deliver methem. out of my fear.6: And now we have sinned before thee:therefore hast thou given us into the handsof our enemies, CHAPTER 157: Because we worshipped their gods: OLord, thou art righteous. A nd upon the third day, when she had8: Nevertheless it satisfieth them not, that ended her prayers, she laid away her mourn-we are in bitter captivity: but they have ing garments, and put on her glorious ap-stricken hands with their idols, parel.9: That they will abolish the thing that thou 2: And being gloriously adorned, after shewith thy mouth hast ordained, and destroy had called upon God, who is the beholderthine inheritance, and stop the mouth of and saviour of all things, she took two maidsthem that praise thee, and quench the glory with her:of thy house, and of thine altar, 3: And upon the one she leaned, as carrying10: And open the mouths of the heathen to herself daintily;set forth the praises of the idols, and to mag- 4: And the other followed, bearing up hernify a fleshly king for ever. train.11: O Lord, give not thy sceptre unto them 5: And she was ruddy through the perfectionthat be nothing, and let them not laugh at of her beauty, and her countenance wasour fall; but turn their device upon them- cheerful and very amiable: but her heart wasselves, and make him an example, that hath in anguish for fear.begun this against us. 6: Then having passed through all the doors,12: Remember, O Lord, make thyself known she stood before the king, who sat upon hisin time of our affliction, and give me bold- royal throne, and was clothed with all hisness, O King of the nations, and Lord of all robes of majesty, all glittering with gold andpower. precious stones; and he was very dreadful.13: Give me eloquent speech in my mouth 7: Then lifting up his countenance thatbefore the lion: turn his heart to hate him shone with majesty, he looked very fiercelythat fighteth against us, that there may be an upon her: and the queen fell down, and wasend of him, and of all that are likeminded to pale, and fainted, and bowed herself uponhim: the head of the maid that went before her.14: But deliver us with thine hand, and help 8: Then God changed the spirit of the kingme that am desolate, and which have no into mildness, who in a fear leaped from hisother help but thee. throne, and took her in his arms, till she15: Thou knowest all things, O Lord; thou came to herself again, and comforted herknowest that I hate the glory of the un- with loving words and said unto her,righteous, and abhor the bed of the uncir- 9: Esther, what is the matter? I am thycumcised, and of all the heathen. brother, be of good cheer:16: Thou knowest my necessity: for I abhor 10: Thou shalt not die, though our our com-the sign of my high estate, which is upon mandment be general: come near.mine head in the days wherein I shew my- 11: And so be held up his golden sceptre,self, and that I abhor it as a menstruous rag, and laid it upon her neck,and that I wear it not when I am private by 12: And embraced her, and said, Speak untomyself. me.17: And that thine handmaid hath not eaten 13: Then said she unto him, I saw thee, myat Amans table, and that I have not greatly lord, as an angel of God, and my heart was 78
  • troubled for fear of thy majesty. went about to deprive us of our kingdom14: For wonderful art thou, lord, and thy and life:countenance is full of grace. 13: Having by manifold and cunning deceits15: And as she was speaking, she fell down sought of us the destruction, as well of Mar-for faintness. docheus, who saved our life, and continually16: Then the king was troubled, and ail his procured our good, as also of blamelessservants comforted her. Esther, partaker of our kingdom, with their whole nation. 14: For by these means he thought, finding CHAPTER 16 us destitute of friends to have translated theT he great king Artexerxes unto the princes kingdom of the Persians to the Macedoni- ans.and governors of an hundred and seven and 15: But we find that the Jews, whom thistwenty provinces from India unto Ethiopia, wicked wretch hath delivered to utter de-and unto all our faithful subjects, greeting. struction, are no evildoers, but live by most2: Many, the more often they are honoured just laws:with the great bounty of their gracious 16: And that they be children of the mostprinces, the more proud they are waxen, high and most mighty, living God, who hath3: And endeavour to hurt not our subjects ordered the kingdom both unto us and toonly, but not being able to bear abundance, our progenitors in the most excellent man-do take in hand to practise also against those ner.that do them good: 17: Wherefore ye shall do well not to put in4: And take not only thankfulness away execution the letters sent unto you by Amanfrom among men, but also lifted up with the the son of Amadatha.glorious words of lewd persons, that were 18: For he that was the worker of thesenever good, they think to escape the justice things, is hanged at the gates of Susa with allof God, that seeth all things and hateth evil. his family: God, who ruleth all things, speed-5: Oftentimes also fair speech of those, that ily rendering vengeance to him according toare put in trust to manage their friends af- his deserts.fairs, hath caused many that are in authority 19: Therefore ye shall publish the copy ofto be partakers of innocent blood, and hath this letter in all places, that the Jews mayenwrapped them in remediless calamities: freely live after their own laws.6: Beguiling with the falsehood and deceit of 20: And ye shall aid them, that even thetheir lewd disposition the innocency and same day, being the thirteenth day of thegoodness of princes. twelfth month Adar, they may be avenged7: Now ye may see this, as we have declared, on them, who in the time of their afflictionnot so much by ancient histories, as ye may, shall set upon them.if ye search what hath been wickedly done of 21: For Almighty God hath turned to joylate through the pestilent behaviour of them unto them the day, wherein the chosen peo-that are unworthily placed in authority. ple should have perished.8: And we must take care for the time to 22: Ye shall therefore among your solemncome, that our kingdom may be quiet and feasts keep it an high day with all feasting:peaceable for all men, 23: That both now and hereafter there may9: Both by changing our purposes, and al- be safety to us and the well affected Per-ways judging things that are evident with sians; but to those which do conspire againstmore equal proceeding. us a memorial of destruction.10: For Aman, a Macedonian, the son of 24: Therefore every city and country whatso-Amadatha, being indeed a stranger from the ever, which shall not do according to thesePersian blood, and far distant from our things, shall be destroyed without mercygoodness, and as a stranger received of us, with fire and sword, and shall be made not11: Had so far forth obtained the favour that only unpassable for men, but also most hate-we shew toward every nation, as that he was ful to wild beasts and fowls for ever.called our father, and was continually hon-oured of all the next person unto the king.12: But he, not bearing his great dignity, 79
  • The Wisdom of Solomon he pleasure in the destruction of the living.Love righteousness, ye that be judges of 14: For he created all things, that theythe earth: think of the Lord with a good might have their being: and the generations(heart,) and in simplicity of heart seek of the world were healthful; and there is nohim. poison of destruction in them, nor the2: For he will be found of them that tempt kingdom of death upon the earth:him not; and sheweth himself unto such 15: (For righteousness is immortal:)as do not distrust him. 16: But ungodly men with their works and3: For froward thoughts separate from words called it to them: for when theyGod: and his power, when it is tried, re- thought to have it their friend, they con-proveth the unwise. sumed to nought, and made a covenant4: For into a malicious soul wisdom shall with it, because they are worthy to take partnot enter; nor dwell in the body that is with it.subject unto sin.5: For the holy spirit of discipline will fleedeceit, and remove from thoughts that are CHAPTER 2without understanding, and will not abidewhen unrighteousness cometh in. For the ungodly said, reasoning with6: For wisdom is a loving spirit; and will themselves, but not aright, Our life is shortnot acquit a blasphemer of his words: for and tedious, and in the death of a manGod is witness of his reins, and a true there is no remedy: neither was there anybeholder of his heart, and a hearer of his man known to have returned from thetongue. grave.7: For the Spirit of the Lord filleth the 2: For we are born at all adventure: and weworld: and that which containeth all things shall be hereafter as though we had neverhath knowledge of the voice. been: for the breath in our nostrils is as8: Therefore he that speaketh unrighteous smoke, and a little spark in the moving ofthings cannot be hid: neither shall venge- our heart:ance, when it punisheth, pass by him. 3: Which being extinguished, our body shall9: For inquisition shall be made into the be turned into ashes, and our spirit shallcounsels of the ungodly: and the sound of vanish as the soft air,his words shall come unto the Lord for 4: And our name shall be forgotten in time,the manifestation of his wicked deeds. and no man shall have our works in re-10: For the ear of jealousy heareth all membrance, and our life shall pass away asthings: and the noise of murmurings is not the trace of a cloud, and shall be dispersedhid. as a mist, that is driven away with the11: Therefore beware of murmuring, beams of the sun, and overcome with thewhich is unprofitable; and refrain your heat thereof.tongue from backbiting: for there is no 5: For our time is a very shadow that pas-word so secret, that shall go for nought: seth away; and after our end there is noand the mouth that belieth slayeth the returning: for it is fast sealed, so that nosoul. man cometh again.12: Seek not death in the error of your life: 6: Come on therefore, let us enjoy the goodand pull not upon yourselves destruction things that are present: and let us speedilywith the works of your hands. use the creatures like as in youth.13: For God made not death: neither hath 7: Let us fill ourselves with costly wine and 80
  • ointments: and let no flower of the spring and made him to be an image of his ownpass by us: eternity.8: Let us crown ourselves with rosebuds, 24: Nevertheless through envy of the devilbefore they be withered: came death into the world: and they that9: Let none of us go without his part of do hold of his side do find it.our voluptuousness: let us leave tokens ofour joyfulness in every place: for this isour portion, and our lot is this. CHAPTER 310: Let us oppress the poor righteousman, let us not spare the widow, nor rev- But the souls of the righteous are in theerence the ancient gray hairs of the aged. hand of God, and there shall no torment11: Let our strength be the law of justice: touch them.for that which is feeble is found to be 2: In the sight of the unwise they seemednothing worth. to die: and their departure is taken for12: Therefore let us lie in wait for the misery,righteous; because he is not for our turn, 3: And their going from us to be utterand he is clean contrary to our doings: he destruction: but they are in peace.upbraideth us with our offending the law, 4: For though they be punished in theand objecteth to our infamy the trans- sight of men, yet is their hope full of im-gressings of our education. mortality.13: He professeth to have the knowledge 5: And having been a little chastised, theyof God: and he calleth himself the child of shall be greatly rewarded: for God provedthe Lord. them, and found them worthy for himself.14: He was made to reprove our thoughts. 6: As gold in the furnace hath he tried15: He is grievous unto us even to behold: them, and received them as a burnt offer-for his life is not like other mens, his ways ing.are of another fashion. 7: And in the time of their visitation they16: We are esteemed of him as counter- shall shine, and run to and fro like sparksfeits: he abstaineth from our ways as from among the stubble.filthiness: he pronounceth the end of the 8: They shall judge the nations, and havejust to be blessed, and maketh his boast dominion over the people, and their Lordthat God is his father. shall reign for ever.17: Let us see if his words be true: and let 9: They that put their trust in him shallus prove what shall happen in the end of understand the truth: and such as be faith-him. ful in love shall abide with him: for grace18: For if the just man be the son of God, and mercy is to his saints, and he hathhe will help him, and deliver him from the care for his elect.hand of his enemies. 10: But the ungodly shall be punished19: Let us examine him with despiteful- according to their own imaginations,ness and torture, that we may know his which have neglected the righteous, andmeekness, and prove his patience. forsaken the Lord.20: Let us condemn him with a shameful 11: For whoso despiseth wisdom and nur-death: for by his own saying he shall be ture, he is miserable, and their hope isrespected. vain, their labours unfruitful, and their21: Such things they did imagine, and were works unprofitable:deceived: for their own wickedness hath 12: Their wives are foolish, and their chil-blinded them. dren wicked:22: As for the mysteries of God, they 13: Their offspring is cursed. Whereforeknew them not: neither hoped they for the blessed is the barren that is undefiled,wages of righteousness, nor discerned a which hath not known the sinful bed: shereward for blameless souls. shall have fruit in the visitation of souls.23: For God created man to be immortal, 14: And blessed is the eunuch, which with 81
  • his hands hath wrought no iniquity, nor and an unspotted life is old age.imagined wicked things against God: for 10: He pleased God, and was beloved ofunto him shall be given the special gift of him: so that living among sinners he wasfaith, and an inheritance in the temple of translated.the Lord more acceptable to his mind. 11: Yea speedily was he taken away, lest15: For glorious is the fruit of good la- that wickedness should alter his under-bours: and the root of wisdom shall never standing, or deceit beguile his soul.fall away. 12: For the bewitching of naughtiness16: As for the children of adulterers, they doth obscure things that are honest; andshall not come to their perfection, and the the wandering of concupiscence dothseed of an unrighteous bed shall be rooted undermine the simple mind.out. 13: He, being made perfect in a short17: For though they live long, yet shall time, fulfilled a long time:they be nothing regarded: and their last 14: For his soul pleased the Lord: there-age shall be without honour. fore hasted he to take him away from18: Or, if they die quickly, they have no among the wicked.hope, neither comfort in the day of trial. 15: This the people saw, and understood it19: For horrible is the end of the unrighte- not, neither laid they up this in theirous generation. minds, That his grace and mercy is with his saints, and that he hath respect unto his chosen. CHAPTER 4 16: Thus the righteous that is dead shall condemn the ungodly which are living;Better it is to have no children, and to and youth that is soon perfected the manyhave virtue: for the memorial thereof is years and old age of the unrighteous.immortal: because it is known with God, 17: For they shall see the end of the wise,and with men. and shall not understand what God in his2: When it is present, men take example at counsel hath decreed of him, and to whatit; and when it is gone, they desire it: it end the Lord hath set him in safety.weareth a crown, and triumpheth for ever, 18: They shall see him, and despise him;having gotten the victory, striving for un- but God shall laugh them to scorn: anddefiled rewards. they shall hereafter be a vile carcase, and a3: But the multiplying brood of the un- reproach among the dead for evermore.godly shall not thrive, nor take deep root- 19: For he shall rend them, and cast theming from bastard slips, nor lay any fast down headlong, that they shall be speech-foundation. less; and he shall shake them from the4: For though they flourish in branches foundation; and they shall be utterly laidfor a time; yet standing not last, they shall waste, and be in sorrow; and their memo-be shaken with the wind, and through the rial shall perish.force of winds they shall be rooted out. 20: And when they cast up the accounts of5: The imperfect branches shall be broken their sins, they shall come with fear: andoff, their fruit unprofitable, not ripe to eat, their own iniquities shall convince them toyea, meet for nothing. their face.6: For children begotten of unlawful bedsare witnesses of wickedness against theirparents in their trial. CHAPTER 57: But though the righteous be preventedwith death, yet shall he be in rest. Then shall the righteous man stand in8: For honourable age is not that which great boldness before the face of such asstandeth in length of time, nor that is have afflicted him, and made no accountmeasured by number of years. of his labours.9: But wisdom is the gray hair unto men, 2: When they see it, they shall be troubled 82
  • with terrible fear, and shall be amazed at passeth away as the remembrance of athe strangeness of his salvation, so far guest that tarrieth but a day.beyond all that they looked for. 15: But the righteous live for evermore;3: And they repenting and groaning for their reward also is with the Lord, and theanguish of spirit shall say within them- care of them is with the most High.selves, This was he, whom we had some- 16: Therefore shall they receive a glorioustimes in derision, and a proverb of re- kingdom, and a beautiful crown from theproach: Lords hand: for with his right hand shall4: We fools accounted his life madness, he cover them, and with his arm shall heand his end to be without honour: protect them.5: How is he numbered among the chil- 17: He shall take to him his jealousy fordren of God, and his lot is among the complete armour, and make the creaturesaints! his weapon for the revenge of his ene-6: Therefore have we erred from the way mies.of truth, and the light of righteousness 18: He shall put on righteousness as ahath not shined unto us, and the sun of breastplate, and true judgment instead ofrighteousness rose not upon us. an helmet.7: We wearied ourselves in the way of 19: He shall take holiness for an invinciblewickedness and destruction: yea, we have shield.gone through deserts, where there lay no 20: His severe wrath shall he sharpen for away: but as for the way of the Lord, we sword, and the world shall fight with himhave not known it. against the unwise.8: What hath pride profited us? or what 21: Then shall the right aiming thunder-good hath riches with our vaunting bolts go abroad; and from the clouds, asbrought us? from a well drawn bow, shall they fly to9: All those things are passed away like a the mark.shadow, and as a post that hasted by; 22: And hailstones full of wrath shall be10: And as a ship that passeth over the cast as out of a stone bow, and the waterwaves of the water, which when it is gone of the sea shall rage against them, and theby, the trace thereof cannot be found, floods shall cruelly drown them.neither the pathway of the keel in the 23: Yea, a mighty wind shall stand upwaves; against them, and like a storm shall blow11: Or as when a bird hath flown through them away: thus iniquity shall lay wastethe air, there is no token of her way to be the whole earth, and ill dealing shall over-found, but the light air being beaten with throw the thrones of the mighty.the stroke of her wings and parted withthe violent noise and motion of them, ispassed through, and therein afterwards no CHAPTER 6sign where she went is to be found;12: Or like as when an arrow is shot at a Hear therefore, O ye kings, and under-mark, it parteth the air, which immediately stand; learn, ye that be judges of the endscometh together again, so that a man can- of the earth.not know where it went through: 2: Give ear, ye that rule the people, and13: Even so we in like manner, as soon as glory in the multitude of nations.we were born, began to draw to our end, 3: For power is given you of the Lord, andand had no sign of virtue to shew; but sovereignty from the Highest, who shallwere consumed in our own wickedness. try your works, and search out your coun-14: For the hope of the ungodly is like sels.dust that is blown away with the wind; like 4: Because, being ministers of his king-a thin froth that is driven away with the dom, ye have not judged aright, nor keptstorm; like as the smoke which is dis- the law, nor walked after the counsel ofpersed here and there with a tempest, and God; 83
  • 5: Horribly and speedily shall he come hide mysteries from you: but will seek herupon you: for a sharp judgment shall be to out from the beginning of her nativity,them that be in high places. and bring the knowledge of her into light,6: For mercy will soon pardon the mean- and will not pass over the truth.est: but mighty men shall be mightily tor- 23: Neither will I go with consuming envy;mented. for such a man shall have no fellowship7: For he which is Lord over all shall fear with wisdom.no mans person, neither shall he stand in 24: But the multitude of the wise is theawe of any mans greatness: for he hath welfare of the world: and a wise king is themade the small and great, and careth for upholding of the people.all alike. 25: Receive therefore instruction through8: But a sore trial shall come upon the my words, and it shall do you good.mighty.9: Unto you therefore, O kings, do Ispeak, that ye may learn wisdom, and not CHAPTER 7fall away.10: For they that keep holiness holily shall I myself also am a mortal man, like to all,be judged holy: and they that have learned and the offspring of him that was firstsuch things shall find what to answer. made of the earth,11: Wherefore set your affection upon my 2: And in my mothers womb was fash-words; desire them, and ye shall be in- ioned to be flesh in the time of tenstructed. months, being compacted in blood, of the12: Wisdom is glorious, and never fadeth seed of man, and the pleasure that cameaway: yea, she is easily seen of them that with sleep.love her, and found of such as seek her. 3: And when I was born, I drew in the13: She preventeth them that desire her, in common air, and fell upon the earth,making herself first known unto them. which is of like nature, and the first voice14: Whoso seeketh her early shall have no which I uttered was crying, as all othersgreat travail: for he shall find her sitting at do.his doors. 4: I was nursed in swaddling clothes, and15: To think therefore upon her is perfec- that with cares.tion of wisdom: and whoso watcheth for 5: For there is no king that had any otherher shall quickly be without care. beginning of birth.16: For she goeth about seeking such as 6: For all men have one entrance into life,are worthy of her, sheweth herself fa- and the like going out.vourably unto them in the ways, and 7: Wherefore I prayed, and understandingmeeteth them in every thought. was given me: I called upon God, and the17: For the very true beginning of her is spirit of wisdom came to me.the desire of discipline; and the care of 8: I preferred her before sceptres anddiscipline is love; thrones, and esteemed riches nothing in18: And love is the keeping of her laws; comparison of her.and the giving heed unto her laws is the 9: Neither compared I unto her any pre-assurance of incorruption; cious stone, because all gold in respect of19: And incorruption maketh us near unto her is as a little sand, and silver shall beGod: counted as clay before her.20: Therefore the desire of wisdom 10: I loved her above health and beauty,bringeth to a kingdom. and chose to have her instead of light: for21: If your delight be then in thrones and the light that cometh from her neversceptres, O ye kings of the people, honour goeth out.wisdom, that ye may reign for evermore. 11: All good things together came to me22: As for wisdom, what she is, and how with her, and innumerable riches in hershe came up, I will tell you, and will not hands. 84
  • 12: And I rejoiced in them all, because lasting light, the unspotted mirror of thewisdom goeth before them: and I knew power of God, and the image of his good-not that she was the mother of them. ness.13: I learned diligently, and do communi- 27: And being but one, she can do allcate her liberally: I do not hide her riches. things: and remaining in herself, she14: For she is a treasure unto men that maketh all things new: and in all ages en-never faileth: which they that use become tering into holy souls, she maketh themthe friends of God, being commended for friends of God, and prophets.the gifts that come from learning. 28: For God loveth none but him that15: God hath granted me to speak as I dwelleth with wisdom.would, and to conceive as is meet for the 29: For she is more beautiful than the sun,things that are given me: because it is he and above all the order of stars: beingthat leadeth unto wisdom, and directeth compared with the light, she is found be-the wise. fore it.16: For in his hand are both we and our 30: For after this cometh night: but vicewords; all wisdom also, and knowledge of shall not prevail against wisdom.workmanship.17: For he hath given me certain knowl-edge of the things that are, namely, to CHAPTER 8know how the world was made, and theoperation of the elements: Wisdom reacheth from one end to an-18: The beginning, ending, and midst of other mightily: and sweetly doth she orderthe times: the alterations of the turning of all things.the sun, and the change of seasons: 2: I loved her, and sought her out from19: The circuits of years, and the positions my youth, I desired to make her myof stars: spouse, and I was a lover of her beauty.20: The natures of living creatures, and 3: In that she is conversant with God, shethe furies of wild beasts: the violence of magnifieth her nobility: yea, the Lord ofwinds, and the reasonings of men: the all things himself loved her.diversities of plants and the virtues of 4: For she is privy to the mysteries of theroots: knowledge of God, and a lover of his21: And all such things as are either secret works.or manifest, them I know. 5: If riches be a possession to be desired22: For wisdom, which is the worker of all in this life; what is richer than wisdom,things, taught me: for in her is an under- that worketh all things?standing spirit holy, one only, manifold, 6: And if prudence work; who of all thatsubtil, lively, clear, undefiled, plain, not are is a more cunning workman than she?subject to hurt, loving the thing that is 7: And if a man love righteousness hergood quick, which cannot be letted, ready labours are virtues: for she teacheth tem-to do good, perance and prudence, justice and forti-23: Kind to man, steadfast, sure, free from tude: which are such things, as en cancare, having all power, overseeing all have nothing more profitable in their life.things, and going through all understand- 8: If a man desire much experience, sheing, pure, and most subtil, spirits. knoweth things of old, and conjectureth24: For wisdom is more moving than any aright what is to come: she knoweth themotion: she passeth and goeth through all subtilties of speeches, and can expoundthings by reason of her pureness. dark sentences: she foreseeth signs and25: For she is the breath of the power of wonders, and the events of seasons andGod, and a pure influence flowing from times.the glory of the Almighty: therefore can 9: Therefore I purposed to take her to meno defiled thing fall into her. to live with me, knowing that she would26: For she is the brightness of the ever- be a counsellor of good things, and a 85
  • comfort in cares and grief. mercy, who hast made all things with thy10: For her sake I shall have estimation word,among the multitude, and honour with the 2: And ordained man through thy wis-elders, though I be young. dom, that he should have dominion over11: I shall be found of a quick conceit in the creatures which thou hast made,judgment, and shall be admired in the 3: And order the world according to eq-sight of great men. uity and righteousness, and execute judg-12: When I hold my tongue, they shall ment with an upright heart:bide my leisure, and when I speak, they 4: Give me wisdom, that sitteth by thyshall give good ear unto me: if I talk throne; and reject me not from among thymuch, they shall lay their hands upon their children:mouth. 5: For I thy servant and son of thine13: Moreover by the means of her I shall handmaid am a feeble person, and of aobtain immortality, and leave behind me short time, and too young for the under-an everlasting memorial to them that standing of judgment and laws.come after me. 6: For though a man be never so perfect14: I shall set the people in order, and the among the children of men, yet if thy wis-nations shall be subject unto me. dom be not with him, he shall be nothing15: Horrible tyrants shall be afraid, when regarded.they do but hear of me; I shall be found 7: Thou hast chosen me to be a king ofgood among the multitude, and valiant in thy people, and a judge of thy sons andwar. daughters:16: After I am come into mine house, I 8: Thou hast commanded me to build awill repose myself with her: for her con- temple upon thy holy mount, and an altarversation hath no bitterness; and to live in the city wherein thou dwellest, a resem-with her hath no sorrow, but mirth and blance of the holy tabernacle, which thoujoy. hast prepared from the beginning.17: Now when I considered these things 9: And wisdom was with thee: whichin myself, and pondered them in my heart, knoweth thy works, and was present whenhow that to be allied unto wisdom is im- thou madest the world, and knew whatmortality; was acceptable in thy sight, and right in18: And great pleasure it is to have her thy commandments.friendship; and in the works of her hands 10: O send her out of thy holy heavens,are infinite riches; and in the exercise of and from the throne of thy glory, thatconference with her, prudence; and in being present she may labour with me,talking with her, a good report; I went that I may know what is pleasing untoabout seeking how to take her to me. thee.19: For I was a witty child, and had a good 11: For she knoweth and understandethspirit. all things, and she shall lead me soberly in20: Yea rather, being good, I came into a my doings, and preserve me in her power.body undefiled. 12: So shall my works be acceptable, and21: Nevertheless, when I perceived that I then shall I judge thy people righteously,could not otherwise obtain her, except and be worthy to sit in my fathers seat.God gave her me; and that was a point of 13: For what man is he that can know thewisdom also to know whose gift she was; counsel of God? or who can think whatI prayed unto the Lord, and besought the will of the Lord is?him, and with my whole heart I said, 14: For the thoughts of mortal men are miserable, and our devices are but uncer- tain. CHAPTER 9 15: For the corruptible body presseth down the soul, and the earthy tabernacleO God of my fathers, and Lord of weigheth down the mind that museth 86
  • upon many things. 9: Rut wisdom delivered from pain those16: And hardly do we guess aright at that attended upon her.things that are upon earth, and with la- 10: When the righteous fled from hisbour do we find the things that are before brothers wrath she guided him in rightus: but the things that are in heaven who paths, shewed him the kingdom of God,hath searched out? and gave him knowledge of holy things,17: And thy counsel who hath known, made him rich in his travels, and multi-except thou give wisdom, and send thy plied the fruit of his labours.Holy Spirit from above? 11: In the covetousness of such as op-18: For so the ways of them which lived pressed him she stood by him, and madeon the earth were reformed, and men him rich.were taught the things that are pleasing 12: She defended him from his enemies,unto thee, and were saved through wis- and kept him safe from those that lay indom. wait, and in a sore conflict she gave him the victory; that he might know that good- ness is stronger than all. CHAPTER 10 13: When the righteous was sold, she for-She preserved the first formed father of sook him not, but delivered him from sin: she went down with him into the pit,the world, that was created alone, and 14: And left him not in bonds, till shebrought him out of his fall, brought him the sceptre of the kingdom,2: And gave him power to rule all things. and power against those that oppressed3: But when the unrighteous went away him: as for them that had accused him,from her in his anger, he perished also in she shewed them to be liars, and gave himthe fury wherewith he murdered his perpetual glory.brother. 15: She delivered the righteous people and4: For whose cause the earth being blameless seed from the nation that op-drowned with the flood, wisdom again pressed them.preserved it, and directed the course of 16: She entered into the soul of the ser-the righteous in a piece of wood of small vant of the Lord, and withstood dreadfulvalue. kings in wonders and signs;5: Moreover, the nations in their wicked 17: Rendered to the righteous a reward ofconspiracy being confounded, she found their labours, guided them in a marvellousout the righteous, and preserved him way, and was unto them for a cover byblameless unto God, and kept him strong day, and a light of stars in the night sea-against his tender compassion toward his son;son. 18: Brought them through the Red sea,6: When the ungodly perished, she deliv- and led them through much water:ered the righteous man, who fled from the 19: But she drowned their enemies, andfire which fell down upon the five cities. cast them up out of the bottom of the7: Of whose wickedness even to this day deep.the waste land that smoketh is a testi- 20: Therefore the righteous spoiled themony, and plants bearing fruit that never ungodly, and praised thy holy name, Ocome to ripeness: and a standing pillar of Lord, and magnified with one accordsalt is a monument of an unbelieving soul. thine hand, that fought for them.8: For regarding not wisdom, they gat not 21: For wisdom opened the mouth of theonly this hurt, that they knew not the dumb, and made the tongues of them thatthings which were good; but also left be- cannot speak eloquent.hind them to the world a memorial oftheir foolishness: so that in the thingswherein they offended they could not somuch as be hid. 87
  • CHAPTER 11 16: That they might know, that where-She prospered their works in the hand of withal a man sinneth, by the same also shall he be punished.the holy prophet. 17: For thy Almighty hand, that made the2: They went through the wilderness that world of matter without form, wanted notwas not inhabited, and pitched tents in means to send among them a multitude ofplaces where there lay no way. bears or fierce lions,3: They stood against their enemies, and 18: Or unknown wild beasts, full of rage,were avenged of their adversaries. newly created, breathing out either a fiery4: When they were thirsty, they called vapour, or filthy scents of scatteredupon thee, and water was given them out smoke, or shooting horrible sparkles outof the flinty rock, and their thirst was of their eyes:quenched out of the hard stone. 19: Whereof not only the harm might5: For by what things their enemies were dispatch them at once, but also the terriblepunished, by the same they in their need sight utterly destroy them.were benefited. 20: Yea, and without these might they6: For instead of of a perpetual running have fallen down with one blast, beingriver troubled with foul blood, persecuted of vengeance, and scattered7: For a manifest reproof of that com- abroad through the breath of thy power:mandment, whereby the infants were but thou hast ordered all things in meas-slain, thou gavest unto them abundance of ure and number and weight.water by a means which they hoped not 21: For thou canst shew thy great strengthfor: at all times when thou wilt; and who may8: Declaring by that thirst then how thou withstand the power of thine arm?hadst punished their adversaries. 22: For the whole world before thee is as a9: For when they were tried albeit but in little grain of the balance, yea, as a drop ofmercy chastised, they knew how the un- the morning dew that falleth down upongodly were judged in wrath and tor- the earth.mented, thirsting in another manner than 23: But thou hast mercy upon all; for thouthe just. canst do all things, and winkest at the sins10: For these thou didst admonish and try, of men, because they should amend.as a father: but the other, as a severe king, 24: For thou lovest all the things that are,thou didst condemn and punish. and abhorrest nothing which thou hast11: Whether they were absent or present, made: for never wouldest thou have madethey were vexed alike. any thing, if thou hadst hated it.12: For a double grief came upon them, 25: And how could any thing have en-and a groaning for the remembrance of dured, if it had not been thy will? or beenthings past. preserved, if not called by thee?13: For when they heard by their own 26: But thou sparest all: for they are thine,punishments the other to be benefited, O Lord, thou lover of souls.they had some feeling of the Lord.14: For whom they respected with scorn,when he was long before thrown out at CHAPTER 12the casting forth of the infants, him in theend, when they saw what came to pass, For thine incorruptible Spirit is in allthey admired. things.15: But for the foolish devices of their 2: Therefore chastenest thou them by littlewickedness, wherewith being deceived and little that offend, and warnest them bythey worshipped serpents void of reason, putting them in remembrance whereinand vile beasts, thou didst send a multi- they have offended, that leaving theirtude of unreasonable beasts upon them wickedness they may believe on thee, Ofor vengeance; Lord. 88
  • 3: For it was thy will to destroy by the 16: For thy power is the beginning ofhands of our fathers both those old in- righteousness, and because thou art thehabitants of thy holy land, Lord of all, it maketh thee to be gracious4: Whom thou hatedst for doing most unto all.odious works of witchcrafts, and wicked 17: For when men will not believe thatsacrifices; thou art of a full power, thou shewest thy5: And also those merciless murderers of strength, and among them that know itchildren, and devourers of mans flesh, thou makest their boldness manifest.and the feasts of blood, 18: But thou, mastering thy power, judgest6: With their priests out of the midst of with equity, and orderest us with greattheir idolatrous crew, and the parents, that favour: for thou mayest use power whenkilled with their own hands souls destitute thou wilt.of help: 19: But by such works hast thou taught7: That the land, which thou esteemedst thy people that the just man should beabove all other, might receive a worthy merciful, and hast made thy children to becolony of Gods children. of a good hope that thou givest repen-8: Nevertheless even those thou sparedst tance for sins.as men, and didst send wasps, forerunners 20: For if thou didst punish the enemiesof thine host, to destroy them by little and of thy children, and the condemned tolittle. death, with such deliberation, giving them9: Not that thou wast unable to bring the time and place, whereby they might beungodly under the hand of the righteous delivered from their malice:in battle, or to destroy them at once with 21: With how great circumspection didstcruel beasts, or with one rough word: thou judge thine own sons, unto whose10: But executing thy judgments upon fathers thou hast sworn, and made cove-them by little and little, thou gavest them nants of good promises?place of repentance, not being ignorant 22: Therefore, whereas thou dost chastenthat they were a naughty generation, and us, thou scourgest our enemies a thousandthat their malice was bred in them, and times more, to the intent that, when wethat their cogitation would never be judge, we should carefully think of thychanged. goodness, and when we ourselves are11: For it was a cursed seed from the be- judged, we should look for mercy.ginning; neither didst thou for fear of any 23: Wherefore, whereas men have livedman give them pardon for those things dissolutely and unrighteously, thou hastwherein they sinned. tormented them with their own abomina-12: For who shall say, What hast thou tions.done? or who shall withstand thy judg- 24: For they went astray very far in thement? or who shall accuse thee for the ways of error, and held them for gods,nations that perish, whom thou made? or which even among the beasts of theirwho shall come to stand against thee, to enemies were despised, being deceived, asbe revenged for the unrighteous men? children of no understanding.13: For neither is there any God but thou 25: Therefore unto them, as to childrenthat careth for all, to whom thou mightest without the use of reason, thou didst sendshew that thy judgment is not unright. a judgment to mock them.14: Neither shall king or tyrant be able to 26: But they that would not be reformedset his face against thee for any whom by that correction, wherein he dallied withthou hast punished. them, shall feel a judgment worthy of15: Forsomuch then as thou art righteous God.thyself, thou orderest all things right- 27: For, look, for what things theyeously: thinking it not agreeable with thy grudged, when they were punished, that is,power to condemn him that hath not de- for them whom they thought to be gods;served to be punished. [now] being punished in them, when they 89
  • saw it, they acknowledged him to be the for the service of mans life;true God, whom before they denied to 12: And after spending the refuse of hisknow: and therefore came extreme dam- work to dress his meat, hath filled himself;nation upon them. 13: And taking the very refuse among those which served to no use, being a crooked piece of wood, and full of knots, CHAPTER 13 hath carved it diligently, when he hadSurely vain are all men by nature, who are nothing else to do, and formed it by the skill of his understanding, and fashioned itignorant of God, and could not out of the to the image of a man;good things that are seen know him that 14: Or made it like some vile beast, layingis: neither by considering the works did it over with vermilion, and with paint col-they acknowledge the workmaster; ouring it red, and covering every spot2: But deemed either fire, or wind, or the therein;swift air, or the circle of the stars, or the 15: And when he had made a convenientviolent water, or the lights of heaven, to room for it, set it in a wall, and made itbe the gods which govern the world. fast with iron:3: With whose beauty if they being de- 16: For he provided for it that it might notlighted took them to be gods; let them fall, knowing that it was unable to helpknow how much better the Lord of them itself; for it is an image, and hath need ofis: for the first author of beauty hath cre- help:ated them. 17: Then maketh he prayer for his goods,4: But if they were astonished at their for his wife and children, and is notpower and virtue, let them understand by ashamed to speak to that which hath nothem, how much mightier he is that made life.them. 18: For health he calleth upon that which5: For by the greatness and beauty of the is weak: for life prayeth to that which iscreatures proportionably the maker of dead; for aid humbly beseecheth thatthem is seen. which hath least means to help: and for a6: But yet for this they are the less to be good journey he asketh of that which can-blamed: for they peradventure err, seeking not set a foot forward:God, and desirous to find him. 19: And for gaining and getting, and for7: For being conversant in his works they good success of his hands, asketh abilitysearch him diligently, and believe their to do of him, that is most unable to dosight: because the things are beautiful that any thing.are seen.8: Howbeit neither are they to be par-doned. CHAPTER 149: For if they were able to know so much,that they could aim at the world; how did Again, one preparing himself to sail, andthey not sooner find out the Lord thereof? about to pass through the raging waves,10: But miserable are they, and in dead calleth upon a piece of wood more rottenthings is their hope, who call them gods, than the vessel that carrieth him.which are the works of mens hands, gold 2: For verily desire of gain devised that,and silver, to shew art in, and resem- and the workman built it by his skill.blances of beasts, or a stone good for 3: But thy providence, O Father, gover-nothing, the work of an ancient hand. neth it: for thou hast made a way in the11: Now a carpenter that felleth timber, sea, and a safe path in the waves;after he hath sawn down a tree meet for 4: Shewing that thou canst save from allthe purpose, and taken off all the bark danger: yea, though a man went to seaskillfully round about, and hath wrought it without art.handsomely, and made a vessel thereof fit 5: Nevertheless thou wouldest not that the 90
  • works of thy wisdom should be idle, and more superstition.therefore do men commit their lives to a 19: For he, peradventure willing to pleasesmall piece of wood, and passing the one in authority, forced all his skill torough sea in a weak vessel are saved. make the resemblance of the best fashion.6: For in the old time also, when the 20: And so the multitude, allured by theproud giants perished, the hope of the grace of the work, took him now for aworld governed by thy hand escaped in a god, which a little before was but hon-weak vessel, and left to all ages a seed of oured.generation. 21: And this was an occasion to deceive7: For blessed is the wood whereby right- the world: for men, serving either calamityeousness cometh. or tyranny, did ascribe unto stones and8: But that which is made with hands is stocks the incommunicable name.cursed, as well it, as he that made it: he, 22: Moreover this was not enough forbecause he made it; and it, because, being them, that they erred in the knowledge ofcorruptible, it was called god. God; but whereas they lived in the great9: For the ungodly and his ungodliness are war of ignorance, those so great plaguesboth alike hateful unto God. called they peace.10: For that which is made shall be pun- 23: For whilst they slew their children inished together with him that made it. sacrifices, or used secret ceremonies, or11: Therefore even upon the idols of the made revellings of strange rites;Gentiles shall there be a visitation: be- 24: They kept neither lives nor marriagescause in the creature of God they are be- any longer undefiled: but either one slewcome an abomination, and stum- another traiterously, or grieved him byblingblocks to the souls of men, and a adultery.snare to the feet of the unwise. 25: So that there reigned in all men with-12: For the devising of idols was the be- out exception blood, manslaughter, theft,ginning of spiritual fornication, and the and dissimulation, corruption, unfaithful-invention of them the corruption of life. ness, tumults, perjury,13: For neither were they from the begin- 26: Disquieting of good men, forgetful-ning, neither shall they be for ever. ness of good turns, defiling of souls,14: For by the vain glory of men they en- changing of kind, disorder in marriages,tered into the world, and therefore shall adultery, and shameless uncleanness.they come shortly to an end. 27: For the worshipping of idols not to be15: For a father afflicted with untimely named is the beginning, the cause, and themourning, when he hath made an image end, of all evil.of his child soon taken away, now hon- 28: For either they are mad when they beoured him as a god, which was then a merry, or prophesy lies, or live unjustly, ordead man, and delivered to those that else lightly forswear themselves.were under him ceremonies and sacrifices. 29: For insomuch as their trust is in idols,16: Thus in process of time an ungodly which have no life; though they swearcustom grown strong was kept as a law, falsely, yet they look not to be hurt.and graven images were worshipped by 30: Howbeit for both causes shall they bethe commandments of kings. justly punished: both because they17: Whom men could not honour in pres- thought not well of God, giving heed untoence, because they dwelt far off, they took idols, and also unjustly swore in deceit,the counterfeit of his visage from far, and despising holiness.made an express image of a king whom 31: For it is not the power of them bythey honoured, to the end that by this whom they swear: but it is the just venge-their forwardness they might flatter him ance of sinners, that punisheth always thethat was absent, as if he were present. offence of the ungodly.18: Also the singular diligence of the artifi-cer did help to set forward the ignorant to 91
  • CHAPTER 15 13: For this man, that of earthly matterBut thou, O God, art gracious and true, maketh brittle vessels and graven images, knoweth himself to offend above all oth-longsuffering, and in mercy ordering all ers.things, 14: And all the enemies of thy people, that2: For if we sin, we are thine, knowing thy hold them in subjection, are most foolish,power: but we will not sin, knowing that and are more miserable than very babes.we are counted thine. 15: For they counted all the idols of the3: For to know thee is perfect righteous- heathen to be gods: which neither haveness: yea, to know thy power is the root of the use of eyes to see, nor noses to drawimmortality. breath, nor ears to hear, nor fingers of4: For neither did the mischievous inven- hands to handle; and as for their feet, theytion of men deceive us, nor an image are slow to go.spotted with divers colours, the painters 16: For man made them, and he that bor-fruitless labour; rowed his own spirit fashioned them: but5: The sight whereof enticeth fools to lust no man can make a god like unto himself.after it, and so they desire the form of a 17: For being mortal, he worketh a deaddead image, that hath no breath. thing with wicked hands: for he himself is6: Both they that make them, they that better than the things which he worship-desire them, and they that worship them, peth: whereas he lived once, but theyare lovers of evil things, and are worthy to never.have such things to trust upon. 18: Yea, they worshipped those beasts also7: For the potter, tempering soft earth, that are most hateful: for being comparedfashioneth every vessel with much labour together, some are worse than others.for our service: yea, of the same clay he 19: Neither are they beautiful, so much asmaketh both the vessels that serve for to be desired in respect of beasts: but theyclean uses, and likewise also all such as went without the praise of God and hisserve to the contrary: but what is the use blessing.of either sort, the potter himself is thejudge.8: And employing his labours lewdly, he CHAPTER 16maketh a vain god of the same clay, evenhe which a little before was made of earth Therefore by the like were they punishedhimself, and within a little while after re- worthily, and by the multitude of beaststurneth to the same, out when his life tormented.which was lent him shall be demanded. 2: Instead of which punishment, dealing9: Notwithstanding his care is, not that he graciously with thine own people, thoushall have much labour, nor that his life is preparedst for them meat of a strangeshort: but striveth to excel goldsmiths and taste, even quails to stir up their appetite:silversmiths, and endeavoureth to do like 3: To the end that they, desiring food,the workers in brass, and counteth it his might for the ugly sight of the beasts sentglory to make counterfeit things. among them lothe even that, which they10: His heart is ashes, his hope is more must needs desire; but these, sufferingvile than earth, and his life of less value penury for a short space, might be madethan clay: partakers of a strange taste.11: Forasmuch as he knew not his Maker, 4: For it was requisite, that upon themand him that inspired into him an active exercising tyranny should come penury,soul, and breathed in a living spirit. which they could not avoid: but to these it12: But they counted our life a pastime, should only be shewed how their enemiesand our time here a market for gain: for, were tormented.say they, we must be getting every way, 5: For when the horrible fierceness ofthough it be by evil means. beasts came upon these, and they perished 92
  • with the stings of crooked serpents, thy were persecuted with the judgment ofwrath endured not for ever: God.6: But they were troubled for a small sea- 19: And at another time it burneth even inson, that they might be admonished, hav- the midst of water above the power ofing a sign of salvation, to put them in re- fire, that it might destroy the fruits of anmembrance of the commandment of thy unjust land.law. 20: Instead whereof thou feddest thine7: For he that turned himself toward it own people with angels food, and didstwas not saved by the thing that he saw, send them from heaven bread preparedbut by thee, that art the Saviour of all. without their labour, able to content every8: And in this thou madest thine enemies mans delight, and agreeing to every taste.confess, that it is thou who deliverest 21: For thy sustenance declared thy sweet-from all evil: ness unto thy children, and serving to the9: For them the bitings of grasshoppers appetite of the eater, tempered itself toand flies killed, neither was there found every mans liking.any remedy for their life: for they were 22: But snow and ice endured the fire, andworthy to be punished by such. melted not, that they might know that fire10: But thy sons not the very teeth of ven- burning in the hail, and sparkling in theomous dragons overcame: for thy mercy rain, did destroy the fruits of the enemies.was ever by them, and healed them. 23: But this again did even forget his own11: For they were pricked, that they strength, that the righteous might beshould remember thy words; and were nourished.quickly saved, that not falling into deep 24: For the creature that serveth thee, whoforgetfulness, they might be continually art the Maker increaseth his strengthmindful of thy goodness. against the unrighteous for their punish-12: For it was neither herb, nor mollifying ment, and abateth his strength for theplaister, that restored them to health: but benefit of such as put their trust in thee.thy word, O Lord, which healeth all 25: Therefore even then was it altered intothings. all fashions, and was obedient to thy13: For thou hast power of life and death: grace, that nourisheth all things, accordingthou leadest to the gates of hell, and to the desire of them that had need:bringest up again. 26: That thy children, O Lord, whom thou14: A man indeed killeth through his mal- lovest, might know, that it is not theice: and the spirit, when it is gone forth, growing of fruits that nourisheth man: butreturneth not; neither the soul received up that it is thy word, which preserveth themcometh again. that put their trust in thee.15: But it is not possible to escape thine 27: For that which was not destroyed ofhand. the fire, being warmed with a little sun-16: For the ungodly, that denied to know beam, soon melted away:thee, were scourged by the strength of 28: That it might be known, that we mustthine arm: with strange rains, hails, and prevent the sun to give thee thanks, and atshowers, were they persecuted, that they the dayspring pray unto thee.could not avoid, and through fire were 29: For the hope of the unthankful shallthey consumed. melt away as the winters hoar frost, and17: For, which is most to be wondered at, shall run away as unprofitable water.the fire had more force in the water, thatquencheth all things: for the worldfighteth for the righteous. CHAPTER 1718: For sometime the flame was mitigated,that it might not burn up the beasts that For great are thy judgments, and cannotwere sent against the ungodly; but them- be expressed: therefore unnurtured soulsselves might see and perceive that they have erred. 93
  • 2: For when unrighteous men thought to apparitions, and partly fainted, their heartoppress the holy nation; they being shut failing them: for a sudden fear, and notup in their houses, the prisoners of dark- looked for, came upon them.ness, and fettered with the bonds of a 16: So then whosoever there fell downlong night, lay [there] exiled from the eter- was straitly kept, shut up in a prison with-nal providence. out iron bars,3: For while they supposed to lie hid in 17: For whether he were husbandman, ortheir secret sins, they were scattered under shepherd, or a labourer in the field, he wasa dark veil of forgetfulness, being horribly overtaken, and endured that necessity,astonished, and troubled with [strange] which could not be avoided: for they wereapparitions. all bound with one chain of darkness.4: For neither might the corner that held 18: Whether it were a whistling wind, or athem keep them from fear: but noises [as melodious noise of birds among theof waters] falling down sounded about spreading branches, or a pleasing fall ofthem, and sad visions appeared unto them water running violently,with heavy countenances. 19: Or a terrible sound of stones cast5: No power of the fire might give them down, or a running that could not be seenlight: neither could the bright flames of of skipping beasts, or a roaring voice ofthe stars endure to lighten that horrible most savage wild beasts, or a reboundingnight. echo from the hollow mountains; these6: Only there appeared unto them a fire things made them to swoon for fear.kindled of itself, very dreadful: for being 20: For the whole world shined with clearmuch terrified, they thought the things light, and none were hindered in theirwhich they saw to be worse than the sight labour:they saw not. 21: Over them only was spread an heavy7: As for the illusions of art magick, they night, an image of that darkness whichwere put down, and their vaunting in wis- should afterward receive them: but yetdom was reproved with disgrace. were they unto themselves more grievous8: For they, that promised to drive away than the darkness.terrors and troubles from a sick soul, weresick themselves of fear, worthy to belaughed at. CHAPTER 189: For though no terrible thing did fearthem; yet being scared with beasts that Nevertheless thy saints had a very greatpassed by, and hissing of serpents, light, whose voice they hearing, and not10: They died for fear, denying that they seeing their shape, because they also hadsaw the air, which could of no side be not suffered the same things, they countedavoided. them happy.11: For wickedness, condemned by her 2: But for that they did not hurt themown witness, is very timorous, and being now, of whom they had been wrongedpressed with conscience, always fore- before, they thanked them, and besoughtcasteth grievous things. them pardon for that they had been ene-12: For fear is nothing else but a betraying mies.of the succours which reason offereth. 3: Instead whereof thou gavest them a13: And the expectation from within, be- burning pillar of fire, both to be a guide ofing less, counteth the ignorance more than the unknown journey, and an harmlessthe cause which bringeth the torment. sun to entertain them honourably.14: But they sleeping the same sleep that 4: For they were worthy to be deprived ofnight, which was indeed intolerable, and light and imprisoned in darkness, who hadwhich came upon them out of the bot- kept thy sons shut up, by whom the un-toms of inevitable hell, corrupt light of the law was to be given15: Were partly vexed with monstrous unto the world. 94
  • 5: And when they had determined to slay dreams troubled them sore, and terrorsthe babes of the saints, one child being came upon them unlooked for.cast forth, and saved, to reprove them, 18: And one thrown here, and anotherthou tookest away the multitude of their there, half dead, shewed the cause of hischildren, and destroyedst them altogether death.in a mighty water. 19: For the dreams that troubled them did6: Of that night were our fathers certified foreshew this, lest they should perish, andafore, that assuredly knowing unto what not know why they were afflicted.oaths they had given credence, they might 20: Yea, the tasting of death touched theafterwards be of good cheer. righteous also, and there was a destruction7: So of thy people was accepted both the of the multitude in the wilderness: but thesalvation of the righteous, and destruction wrath endured not long.of the enemies. 21: For then the blameless man made8: For wherewith thou didst punish our haste, and stood forth to defend them;adversaries, by the same thou didst glorify and bringing the shield of his proper min-us, whom thou hadst called. istry, even prayer, and the propitiation of9: For the righteous children of good men incense, set himself against the wrath, anddid sacrifice secretly, and with one con- so brought the calamity to an end, declar-sent made a holy law, that the saints ing that he was thy servant.should be like partakers of the same good 22: So he overcame the destroyer, notand evil, the fathers now singing out the with strength of body, nor force of arms,songs of praise. but with a word subdued him that pun-10: But on the other side there sounded ished, alleging the oaths and covenantsan ill according cry of the enemies, and a made with the fathers.lamentable noise was carried abroad for 23: For when the dead were now fallenchildren that were bewailed. down by heaps one upon another, stand-11: The master and the servant were pun- ing between, he stayed the wrath, andished after one manner; and like as the parted the way to the living.king, so suffered the common person. 24: For in the long garment was the whole12: So they all together had innumerable world, and in the four rows of the stonesdead with one kind of death; neither were was the glory of the fathers graven, andthe living sufficient to bury them: for in thy Majesty upon the daidem of his head.one moment the noblest offspring of 25: Unto these the destroyer gave place,them was destroyed. and was afraid of them: for it was enough13: For whereas they would not believe that they only tasted of the wrath.any thing by reason of the enchantments;upon the destruction of the firstborn, theyacknowledged this people to be the sons CHAPTER 19of God.14: For while all things were in quiet si- As for the ungodly, wrath came uponlence, and that night was in the midst of them without mercy unto the end: for heher swift course, knew before what they would do;15: Thine Almighty word leaped down 2: How that having given them leave tofrom heaven out of thy royal throne, as a depart, and sent them hastily away, theyfierce man of war into the midst of a land would repent and pursue them.of destruction, 3: For whilst they were yet mourning and16: And brought thine unfeigned com- making lamentation at the graves of themandment as a sharp sword, and standing dead, they added another foolish device,up filled all things with death; and it and pursued them as fugitives, whom theytouched the heaven, but it stood upon the had intreated to be gone.earth. 4: For the destiny, whereof they were wor-17: Then suddenly visions of horrible thy, drew them unto this end, and made 95
  • them forget the things that had already these stricken, as those were at the doorshappened, that they might fulfill the pun- of the righteous man: when, being com-ishment which was wanting to their tor- passed about with horrible great darkness,ments: every one sought the passage of his own5: And that thy people might pass a won- doors.derful way: but they might find a strange 18: For the elements were changed indeath. themselves by a kind of harmony, like as6: For the whole creature in his proper in a psaltery notes change the name of thekind was fashioned again anew, serving tune, and yet are always sounds; whichthe peculiar commandments that were may well be perceived by the sight of thegiven unto them, that thy children might things that have been done.be kept without hurt: 19: For earthly things were turned into7: As namely, a cloud shadowing the watery, and the things, that before swamcamp; and where water stood before, dry in the water, now went upon the ground.land appeared; and out of the Red sea a 20: The fire had power in the water, for-way without impediment; and out of the getting his own virtue: and the water for-violent stream a green field: gat his own quenching nature.8: Wherethrough all the people went that 21: On the other side, the flames wastedwere defended with thy hand, seeing thy not the flesh of the corruptible livingmarvellous strange wonders. things, though they walked therein; nei-9: For they went at large like horses, and ther melted they the icy kind of heavenlyleaped like lambs, praising thee, O Lord, meat that was of nature apt to melt.who hadst delivered them. 22: For in all things, O Lord, thou didst10: For they were yet mindful of the magnify thy people, and glorify them,things that were done while they so- neither didst thou lightly regard them: butjourned in the strange land, how the didst assist them in every time and place.ground brought forth flies instead of cat-tle, and how the river cast up a multitudeof frogs instead of fishes.11: But afterwards they saw a new genera-tion of fowls, when, being led with theirappetite, they asked delicate meats.12: For quails came up unto them fromthe sea for their contentment.13: And punishments came upon the sin-ners not without former signs by the forceof thunders: for they suffered justly ac-cording to their own wickedness, inso-much as they used a more hard and hate-ful behaviour toward strangers.14: For the Sodomites did not receivethose, whom they knew not when theycame: but these brought friends intobondage, that had well deserved of them.15: And not only so, but peradventuresome respect shall be had of those, be-cause they used strangers not friendly:16: But these very grievously afflictedthem, whom they had received with feast-ings, and were already made partakers ofthe same laws with them.17: Therefore even with blindness were 96
  • The Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach EcclesiasticusThis Jesus was the son of Sirach, and ing and wisdom; and whereof not only thegrandchild to Jesus of the same name with readers must needs become skillful them-him: this man therefore lived in the latter selves, but also they that desire to learn betimes, after the people had been led away able to profit them which are without,captive, and called home a again, and al- both by speaking and writing: my grandfa-most after all the prophets. Now his ther Jesus, when he had much given him-grandfather Jesus, as he himself witnes- self to the reading of the law, and theseth, was a man of great diligence and prophets, and other books of our fathers,wisdom among the Hebrews, who did not and had gotten therein good judgment,only gather the grave and short sentences was drawn on also himself to write some-of wise men, that had been before him, thing pertaining to learning and wisdom;but himself also uttered some of his own, to the intent that those which are desirousfull of much understanding and wisdom. to learn, and are addicted to these things,When as therefore the first Jesus died, might profit much more in living accord-leaving this book almost perfected, Sirach ing to the law. Wherefore let me intreathis son receiving it after him left it to his you to read it with favour and attention,own son Jesus, who, having gotten it into and to pardon us, wherein we may seemhis hands, compiled it all orderly into one to come short of some words, which wevolume, and called it Wisdom, intitulings have laboured to interpret. For the sameit both by his own name, his fathers things uttered in Hebrew, and translatedname, and his grandfathers; alluring the into another tongue, have not the samehearer by the very name of Wisdom to force in them: and not only these things,have a greater love to the study of this but the law itself, and the prophets, andbook. It containeth therefore wise sayings, the rest of the books, have no small differ-dark sentences, and parables, and certain ence, when they are spoken in their ownparticular ancient godly stories of men language. For in the eight and thirtieththat pleased God; also his prayer and year coming into Egypt, when Euergetessong; moreover, what benefits God had was king, and continuing there some time,vouchsafed his people, and what plagues I found a book of no small learning:he had heaped upon their enemies. This therefore I thought it most necessary forJesus did imitate Solomon, and was no me to bestow some diligence and travailless famous for wisdom and learning, both to interpret it; using great watchfulnessbeing indeed a man of great learning, and and skill in that space to bring the book toso reputed also. an end, and set it forth for them also, which in a strange country are willing to learn, being prepared before in manners toThe Prologue of the Wisdom of Jesus the live after the law.son of SirachWhereas many and great things have been CHAPTER 1delivered unto us by the law and theprophets, and by others that have fol- All wisdom cometh from the Lord, and islowed their steps, for the which things with him for ever.Israel ought to be commended for learn- 2: Who can number the sand of the sea, and the drops of rain, and the days of 97
  • eternity? 20: The root of wisdom is to fear the3: Who can find out the height of heaven, Lord, and the branches thereof are longand the breadth of the earth, and the life.deep, and wisdom? 21: The fear of the Lord driveth away sins:4: Wisdom hath been created before all and where it is present, it turneth awaythings, and the understanding of prudence wrath.from everlasting. 22: A furious man cannot be justified; for5: The word of God most high is the the sway of his fury shall be his destruc-fountain of wisdom; and her ways are tion.everlasting commandments. 23: A patient man will bear for a time, and6: To whom hath the root of wisdom afterward joy shall spring up unto him.been revealed? or who hath known her 24: He will hide his words for a time, andwise counsels? the lips of many shall declare his wisdom.7: [Unto whom hath the knowledge of 25: The parables of knowledge are in thewisdom been made manifest? and who treasures of wisdom: but godliness is anhath understood her great experience?] abomination to a sinner.8: There is one wise and greatly to be 26: If thou desire wisdom, keep the com-feared, the Lord sitting upon his throne. mandments, and the Lord shall give her9: He created her, and saw her, and num- unto thee.bered her, and poured her out upon all his 27: For the fear of the Lord is wisdomworks. and instruction: and faith and meekness10: She is with all flesh according to his are his delight.gift, and he hath given her to them that 28: Distrust not the fear of the Lord whenlove him. thou art poor: and come not unto him11: The fear of the Lord is honour, and with a double heart.glory, and gladness, and a crown of rejoic- 29: Be not an hypocrite in the sight ofing. men, and take good heed what thou12: The fear of the Lord maketh a merry speakest.heart, and giveth joy, and gladness, and a 30: Exalt not thyself, lest thou fall, andlong life. bring dishonour upon thy soul, and so13: Whoso feareth the Lord, it shall go God discover thy secrets, and cast theewell with him at the last, and he shall find down in the midst of the congregation,favour in the day of his death. because thou camest not in truth to the14: To fear the Lord is the beginning of fear of the Lord, but thy heart is full ofwisdom: and it was created with the faith- deceit.ful in the womb.15: She hath built an everlasting founda-tion with men, and she shall continue with CHAPTER 2their seed.16: To fear the Lord is fullness of wisdom, My son, if thou come to serve the Lord,and filleth men with her fruits. prepare thy soul for temptation.17: She filleth all their house with things 2: Set thy heart aright, and constantly en-desirable, and the garners with her in- dure, and make not haste in time of trou-crease. ble.18: The fear of the Lord is a crown of 3: Cleave unto him, and depart not away,wisdom, making peace and perfect health that thou mayest be increased at thy lastto flourish; both which are the gifts of end.God: and it enlargeth their rejoicing that 4: Whatsoever is brought upon thee takelove him. cheerfully, and be patient when thou art19: Wisdom raineth down skill and knowl- changed to a low estate.edge of understanding standing, and exal- 5: For gold is tried in the fire, and accept-teth them to honour that hold her fast. able men in the furnace of adversity. 98
  • 6: Believe in him, and he will help thee; maketh his prayer, he shall be heard.order thy way aright, and trust in him. 6: He that honoureth his father shall have7: Ye that fear the Lord, wait for his a long life; and he that is obedient untomercy; and go not aside, lest ye fall. the Lord shall be a comfort to his mother.8: Ye that fear the Lord, believe him; and 7: He that feareth the Lord will honour hisyour reward shall not fail. father, and will do service unto his par-9: Ye that fear the Lord, hope for good, ents, as to his masters.and for everlasting joy and mercy. 8: Honour thy father and mother both in10: Look at the generations of old, and word and deed, that a blessing may comesee; did ever any trust in the Lord, and upon thee from them.was confounded? or did any abide in his 9: For the blessing of the father estab-fear, and was forsaken? or whom did he lisheth the houses of children; but theever despise, that called upon him? curse of the mother rooteth out founda-11: For the Lord is full of compassion and tions.mercy, longsuffering, and very pitiful, and 10: Glory not in the dishonour of thy fa-forgiveth sins, and saveth in time of afflic- ther; for thy fathers dishonour is no glorytion. unto thee.12: Woe be to fearful hearts, and faint 11: For the glory of a man is from thehands, and the sinner that goeth two ways! honour of his father; and a mother in dis-13: Woe unto him that is fainthearted! for honour is a reproach to the children.he believeth not; therefore shall he not be 12: My son, help thy father in his age, anddefended. grieve him not as long as he liveth.14: Woe unto you that have lost patience! 13: And if his understanding fail, haveand what will ye do when the Lord shall patience with him; and despise him notvisit you? when thou art in thy full strength.15: They that fear the Lord will not dis- 14: For the relieving of thy father shall notobey his Word; and they that love him will be forgotten: and instead of sins it shall bekeep his ways. added to build thee up.16: They that fear the Lord will seek that 15: In the day of thine affliction it shall bewhich is well, pleasing unto him; and they remembered; thy sins also shall melt away,that love him shall be filled with the law. as the ice in the fair warm weather.17: They that fear the Lord will prepare 16: He that forsaketh his father is as atheir hearts, and humble their souls in his blasphemer; and he that angereth hissight, mother is cursed: of God.18: Saying, We will fall into the hands of 17: My son, go on with thy business inthe Lord, and not into the hands of men: meekness; so shalt thou be beloved of himfor as his majesty is, so is his mercy. that is approved. 18: The greater thou art, the more humble thyself, and thou shalt find favour before CHAPTER 3 the Lord. 19: Many are in high place, and of re-Hear me your father, O children, and do nown: but mysteries are revealed unto thethereafter, that ye may be safe. meek.2: For the Lord hath given the father hon- 20: For the power of the Lord is great,our over the children, and hath confirmed and he is honoured of the lowly.the authority of the mother over the sons. 21: Seek not out things that are too hard3: Whoso honoureth his father maketh an for thee, neither search the things that areatonement for his sins: above thy strength.4: And he that honoureth his mother is as 22: But what is commanded thee, thinkone that layeth up treasure. thereupon with reverence, for it is not5: Whoso honoureth his father shall have needful for thee to see with thine eyes thejoy of his own children; and when he things that are in secret. 99
  • 23: Be not curious in unnecessary matters: friendly answer with meekness.for more things are shewed unto thee than 9: Deliver him that suffereth wrong frommen understand. the hand of the oppressor; and be not24: For many are deceived by their own fainthearted when thou sittest in judg-vain opinion; and an evil suspicion hath ment.overthrown their judgment. 10: Be as a father unto the fatherless, and25: Without eyes thou shalt want light: instead of an husband unto their mother:profess not the knowledge therefore that so shalt thou be as the son of the mostthou hast not. High, and he shall love thee more than thy26: A stubborn heart shall fare evil at the mother doth.last; and he that loveth danger shall perish 11: Wisdom exalteth her children, andtherein. layeth hold of them that seek her.27: An obstinate heart shall be laden with 12: He that loveth her loveth life; and theysorrows; and the wicked man shall heap that seek to her early shall be filled withsin upon sin. joy.28: In the punishment of the proud there 13: He that holdeth her fast shall inheritis no remedy; for the plant of wickedness glory; and wheresoever she entereth, thehath taken root in him. Lord will bless.29: The heart of the prudent will under- 14: They that serve her shall minister tostand a parable; and an attentive ear is the the Holy One: and them that love her thedesire of a wise man. Lord doth love.30: Water will quench a flaming fire; and 15: Whoso giveth ear unto her shall judgealms maketh an atonement for sins. the nations: and he that attendeth unto31: And he that requiteth good turns is her shall dwell securely.mindful of that which may come hereaf- 16: If a man commit himself unto her, heter; and when he falleth, he shall find a shall inherit her; and his generation shallstay. hold her in possession. 17: For at the first she will walk with him by crooked ways, and bring fear and dread CHAPTER 4 upon him, and torment him with her dis- cipline, until she may trust his soul, andMy son, defraud not the poor of his try him by her laws.living, and make not the needy eyes to 18: Then will she return the straight waywait long. unto him, and comfort him, and shew him2: Make not an hungry soul sorrowful; her secrets.neither provoke a man in his distress. 19: But if he go wrong, she will forsake3: Add not more trouble to an heart that is him, and give him over to his own ruin.vexed; and defer not to give to him that is 20: Observe the opportunity, and bewarein need. of evil; and be not ashamed when it con-4: Reject not the supplication of the af- cerneth thy soul.flicted; neither turn away thy face from a 21: For there is a shame that bringeth sin;poor man. and there is a shame which is glory and5: Turn not away thine eye from the grace.needy, and give him none occasion to 22: Accept no person against thy soul, andcurse thee: let not the reverence of any man cause6: For if he curse thee in the bitterness of thee to fall.his soul, his prayer shall be heard of him 23: And refrain not to speak, when therethat made him. is occasion to do good, and hide not thy7: Get thyself the love of the congrega- wisdom in her beauty.tion, and bow thy head to a great man. 24: For by speech wisdom shall be known:8: Let it not grieve thee to bow down and learning by the word of the tongue.thine ear to the poor, and give him a 25: In no wise speak against the truth; but 100
  • be abashed of the error of thine igno- sincere; and with patience give answer.rance. 12: If thou hast understanding, answer thy26: Be not ashamed to confess thy sins; neighbour; if not, lay thy hand upon thyand force not the course of the river. mouth.27: Make not thyself an underling to a 13: Honour and shame is in talk: and thefoolish man; neither accept the person of tongue of man is his fall.the mighty. 14: Be not called a whisperer, and lie not28: Strive for the truth unto death, and the in wait with thy tongue: for a foul shameLord shall fight for thee. is upon the thief, and an evil condemna-29: Be not hasty in thy tongue, and in thy tion upon the double tongue.deeds slack and remiss. 15: Be not ignorant of any thing in a great30: Be not as a lion in thy house, nor fran- matter or a small.tick among thy servants.31: Let not thine hand be stretched out toreceive, and shut when thou shouldest CHAPTER 6repay. Instead of a friend become not an enemy; for [thereby] thou shalt inherit an ill name, CHAPTER 5 shame, and reproach: even so shall a sin- ner that hath a double tongue.Set thy heart upon thy goods; and say 2: Extol not thyself in the counsel of thinenot, I have enough for my life. own heart; that thy soul be not torn in2: Follow not thine own mind and thy pieces as a bull [straying alone.]strength, to walk in the ways of thy heart: 3: Thou shalt eat up thy leaves, and lose3: And say not, Who shall control me for thy fruit, and leave thyself as a dry tree.my works? for the Lord will surely re- 4: A wicked soul shall destroy him thatvenge thy pride. hath it, and shall make him to be laughed4: Say not, I have sinned, and what harm to scorn of his enemies.hath happened unto me? for the Lord is 5: Sweet language will multiply friends:longsuffering, he will in no wise let thee and a fairspeaking tongue will increasego. kind greetings.5: Concerning propitiation, be not without 6: Be in peace with many: neverthelessfear to add sin unto sin: have but one counsellor of a thousand.6: And say not His mercy is great; he will 7: If thou wouldest get a friend, prove himbe pacified for the multitude of my sins: first and be not hasty to credit him.for mercy and wrath come from him, and 8: For some man is a friend for his ownhis indignation resteth upon sinners. occasion, and will not abide in the day of7: Make no tarrying to turn to the Lord, thy trouble.and put not off from day to day: for sud- 9: And there is a friend, who being turneddenly shall the wrath of the Lord come to enmity, and strife will discover thy re-forth, and in thy security thou shalt be proach.destroyed, and perish in the day of venge- 10: Again, some friend is a companion atance. the table, and will not continue in the day8: Set not thine heart upon goods unjustly of thy affliction.gotten, for they shall not profit thee in the 11: But in thy prosperity he will be as thy-day of calamity. self, and will be bold over thy servants.9: Winnow not with every wind, and go 12: If thou be brought low, he will benot into every way: for so doth the sinner against thee, and will hide himself fromthat hath a double tongue. thy face.10: Be stedfast in thy understanding; and 13: Separate thyself from thine enemies,let thy word be the same. and take heed of thy friends.11: Be swift to hear; and let thy life be 14: A faithful friend is a strong defence: 101
  • and he that hath found such an one hath 34: Stand in the multitude of the elders;found a treasure. and cleave unto him that is wise.15: Nothing doth countervail a faithful 35: Be willing to hear every godly dis-friend, and his excellency is invaluable. course; and let not the parables of under-16: A faithful friend is the medicine of life; standing escape thee.and they that fear the Lord shall find him. 36: And if thou seest a man of under-17: Whoso feareth the Lord shall direct standing, get thee betimes unto him, andhis friendship aright: for as he is, so shall let thy foot wear the steps of his door.his neighbour be also. 37: Let thy mind be upon the ordinances18: My son, gather instruction from thy of the Lord and meditate continually inyouth up: so shalt thou find wisdom till his commandments: he shall establishthine old age. thine heart, and give thee wisdom at thine19: Come unto her as one that ploweth owns desire.and soweth, and wait for her good fruits:for thou shalt not toil much in labouringabout her, but thou shalt eat of her fruits CHAPTER 7right soon.20: She is very unpleasant to the Do no evil, so shall no harm come untounlearned: he that is without understand- thee.ing will not remain with her. 2: Depart from the unjust, and iniquity21: She will lie upon him as a mighty stone shall turn away from thee.of trial; and he will cast her from him ere 3: My son, sow not upon the furrows ofit be long. unrighteousness, and thou shalt not reap22: For wisdom is according to her name, them sevenfold.and she is not manifest unto many. 4: Seek not of the Lord preeminence, nei-23: Give ear, my son, receive my advice, ther of the king the seat of honour.and refuse not my counsel, 5: Justify not thyself before the Lord; and24: And put thy feet into her fetters, and boast not of thy wisdom before the king.thy neck into her chain. 6: Seek not to be judge, being not able to25: Bow down thy shoulder, and bear her, take away iniquity; lest at any time thouand be not grieved with her bonds. fear the person of the mighty, an stum-26: Come unto her with thy whole heart, blingblock in the way of thy uprightness.and keep her ways with all thy power. 7: Offend not against the multitude of a27: Search, and seek, and she shall be city, and then thou shalt not cast thyselfmade known unto thee: and when thou down among the people.hast got hold of her, let her not go. 8: Bind not one sin upon another; for in28: For at the last thou shalt find her rest, one thou shalt not be unpunished.and that shall be turned to thy joy. 9: Say not, God will look upon the multi-29: Then shall her fetters be a strong de- tude of my oblations, and when I offer tofence for thee, and her chains a robe of the most high God, he will accept it.glory. 10: Be not fainthearted when thou makest30: For there is a golden ornament upon thy prayer, and neglect not to give alms.her, and her bands are purple lace. 11: Laugh no man to scorn in the bitter-31: Thou shalt put her on as a robe of ness of his soul: for there is one whichhonour, and shalt put her about thee as a humbleth and exalteth.crown of joy. 12: Devise not a lie against thy brother;32: My son, if thou wilt, thou shalt be neither do the like to thy friend.taught: and if thou wilt apply thy mind, 13: Use not to make any manner of lie: forthou shalt be prudent. the custom thereof is not good.33: If thou love to hear, thou shalt receive 14: Use not many words in a multitude ofunderstanding: and if thou bow thine ear, elders, and make not much babbling whenthou shalt be wise, thou prayest. 102
  • 15: Hate not laborious work, neither hus- man living; and for the dead detain it not.bandry, which the most High hath or- 34: Fail not to be with them that weep,dained. and mourn with them that mourn.16: Number not thyself among the multi- 35: Be not slow to visit the sick: for thattude of sinners, but remember that wrath shall make thee to be beloved.will not tarry long. 36: Whatsoever thou takest in hand, re-17: Humble thyself greatly: for the venge- member the end, and thou shalt never doance of the ungodly is fire and worms. amiss.18: Change not a friend for any good byno means; neither a faithful brother forthe gold of Ophir. CHAPTER 819: Forego not a wise and good woman:for her grace is above gold. Strive not with a mighty man lest thou20: Whereas thy servant worketh truly, fall into his hands.entreat him not evil. nor the hireling that 2: Be not at variance with a rich man, lestbestoweth himself wholly for thee. he overweigh thee: for gold hath de-21: Let thy soul love a good servant, and stroyed many, and perverted the hearts ofdefraud him not of liberty. kings.22: Hast thou cattle? have an eye to them: 3: Strive not with a man that is full ofand if they be for thy profit, keep them tongue, and heap not wood upon his fire.with thee. 4: Jest not with a rude man, lest thy ances-23: Hast thou children? instruct them, and tors be disgraced.bow down their neck from their youth. 5: Reproach not a man that turneth from24: Hast thou daughters? have a care of sin, but remember that we are all worthytheir body, and shew not thyself cheerful of punishment.toward them. 6: Dishonour not a man in his old age: for25: Marry thy daughter, and so shalt thou even some of us wax old.have performed a weighty matter: but give 7: Rejoice not over thy greatest enemyher to a man of understanding. being dead, but remember that we die all.26: Hast thou a wife after thy mind? for- 8: Despise not the discourse of the wise,sake her not: but give not thyself over to a but acquaint thyself with their proverbs:light woman. for of them thou shalt learn instruction,27: Honour thy father with thy whole and how to serve great men with ease.heart, and forget not the sorrows of thy 9: Miss not the discourse of the elders: formother. they also learned of their fathers, and of28: Remember that thou wast begotten of them thou shalt learn understanding, andthem; and how canst thou recompense to give answer as need requireth.them the things that they have done for 10: Kindle not the coals of a sinner, lestthee? thou be burnt with the flame of his fire.29: Fear the Lord with all thy soul, and 11: Rise not up [in anger] at the presencereverence his priests. of an injurious person, lest he lie in wait to30: Love him that made thee with all thy entrap thee in thy wordsstrength, and forsake not his ministers. 12: Lend not unto him that is mightier31: Fear the Lord, and honor the priest; than thyself; for if thou lendest him, countand give him his portion, as it is com- it but lost.manded thee; the firstfruits, and the tres- 13: Be not surety above thy power: for ifpass offering, and the gift of the shoul- thou be surety, take care to pay it.ders, and the sacrifice of sanctification, 14: Go not to law with a judge; for theyand the firstfruits of the holy things. will judge for him according to his hon-32: And stretch thine hand unto the poor, our.that thy blessing may be perfected. 15: Travel not by the way with a bold fel-33: A gift hath grace in the sight of every low, lest he become grievous unto thee: 103
  • for he will do according to his own will, 12: Delight not in the thing that the un-and thou shalt perish with him through godly have pleasure in; but remember theyhis folly. shall not go unpunished unto their grave.16: Strive not with an angry man, and go 13: Keep thee far from the man that hathnot with him into a solitary place: for power to kill; so shalt thou not doubt theblood is as nothing in his sight, and where fear of death: and if thou come unto him,there is no help, he will overthrow thee. make no fault, lest he take away thy life17: Consult not with a fool; for he cannot presently: remember that thou goest in thekeep counsel. midst of snares, and that thou walkest18: Do no secret thing before a stranger; upon the battlements of the city.for thou knowest not what he will bring 14: As near as thou canst, guess at thyforth. neighbour, and consult with the wise.19: Open not thine heart to every man, 15: Let thy talk be with the wise, and alllest he requite thee with a shrewd turn. thy communication in the law of the most High. 16: And let just men eat and drink with CHAPTER 9 thee; and let thy glorying be in the fear ofBe not jealous over the wife of thy the Lord. 17: For the hand of the artificer the workbosom, and teach her not an evil lesson shall be commended: and the wise ruler ofagainst thyself. the people for his speech.2: Give not thy soul unto a woman to set 18: A man of an ill tongue is dangerous inher foot upon thy substance. his city; and he that is rash in his talk shall3: Meet not with an harlot, lest thou fall be hated.into her snares.4: Use not much the company of awoman that is a singer, lest thou be taken CHAPTER 10with her attempts.5: Gaze not on a maid, that thou fall not A wise judge will instruct his people; andby those things that are precious in her. the government of a prudent man is well6: Give not thy soul unto harlots, that ordered.thou lose not thine inheritance. 2: As the judge of the people is himself, so7: Look not round about thee in the are his officers; and what manner of manstreets of the city, neither wander thou in the ruler of the city is, such are all theythe solitary place thereof. that dwell therein.8: Turn away thine eye from a beautiful 3: An unwise king destroyeth his people;woman, and look not upon anothers but through the prudence of them whichbeauty; for many have been deceived by are in authority the city shall be inhabited.the beauty of a woman; for herewith love 4: The power of the earth is in the hand ofis kindled as a fire. the Lord, and in due time he will set over9: Sit not at all with another mans wife, it one that is profitable.nor sit down with her in thine arms, and 5: In the hand of God is the prosperity ofspend not thy money with her at the wine; man: and upon the person of the scribelest thine heart incline unto her, and so shall he lay his honour.through thy desire thou fall into destruc- 6: Bear not hatred to thy neighbour fortion. every wrong; and do nothing at all by inju-10: Forsake not an old friend; for the new rious practices.is not comparable to him: a new friend is 7: Pride is hateful before God and man:as new wine; when it is old, thou shalt and by both doth one commit iniquity.drink it with pleasure. 8: Because of unrighteous dealings, inju-11: Envy not the glory of a sinner: for ries, and riches got by deceit, the kingdomthou knowest not what shall be his end. is translated from one people to another. 104
  • 9: Why is earth and ashes proud? There is Lord.not a more wicked thing than a covetous 25: Unto the servant that is wise shall theyman: for such an one setteth his own soul that are free do service: and he that hathto sale; because while he liveth he casteth knowledge will not grudge when he isaway his bowels. reformed.10: The physician cutteth off a long dis- 26: Be not overwise in doing thy business;ease; and he that is to day a king to mor- and boast not thyself in the time of thyrow shall die. distress.11: For when a man is dead, he shall in- 27: Better is he that laboureth, and aboun-herit creeping things, beasts, and worms. deth in all things, than he that boasteth12: The beginning of pride is when one himself, and wanteth bread.departeth from God, and his heart is 28: My son, glorify thy soul in meekness,turned away from his Maker. and give it honour according to the dig-13: For pride is the beginning of sin, and nity thereof.he that hath it shall pour out abomination: 29: Who will justify him that sinnethand therefore the Lord brought upon against his own soul? and who will honourthem strange calamities, and overthrew him that dishonoureth his own life?them utterly. 30: The poor man is honoured for his14: The Lord hath cast down the thrones skill, and the rich man is honoured for hisof proud princes, and set up the meek in riches.their stead. 31: He that is honoured in poverty, how15: The Lord hath plucked up the roots of much more in riches? and he that is dis-the proud nations, and planted the lowly honourable in riches, how much more inin their place. poverty?16: The Lord overthrew countries of theheathen, and destroyed them to the foun-dations of the earth. CHAPTER 1117: He took some of them away, and de-stroyed them, and hath made their memo- Wisdom lifteth up the head of him thatrial to cease from the earth. is of low degree, and maketh him to sit18: Pride was not made for men, nor furi- among great men.ous anger for them that are born of a 2: Commend not a man for his beauty;woman. neither abhor a man for his outward ap-19: They that fear the Lord are a sure pearance.seed, and they that love him an honour- 3: The bee is little among such as fly; butable plant: they that regard not the law are her fruit is the chief of sweet things.a dishonourable seed; they that transgress 4: Boast not of thy clothing and raiment,the commandments are a deceivable seed. and exalt not thyself in the day of honour:20: Among brethren he that is chief is for the works of the Lord are wonderful,honorable; so are they that fear the Lord and his works among men are hidden.in his eyes. 5: Many kings have sat down upon the21: The fear of the Lord goeth before the ground; and one that was never thoughtobtaining of authority: but roughness and of hath worn the crown.pride is the losing thereof. 6: Many mighty men have been greatly22: Whether he be rich, noble, or poor, disgraced; and the honourable deliveredtheir glory is the fear of the Lord. into other mens hands.23: It is not meet to despise the poor man 7: Blame not before thou hast examinedthat hath understanding; neither is it con- the truth: understand first, and then re-venient to magnify a sinful man. buke.24: Great men, and judges, and potentates, 8: Answer not before thou hast heard theshall be honoured; yet is there none of cause: neither interrupt men in the midstthem greater than he that feareth the of their talk. 105
  • 9: Strive not in a matter that concerneth hereafter?thee not; and sit not in judgment with 24: Again, say not, I have enough, andsinners. possess many things, and what evil shall I10: My son, meddle not with many mat- have hereafter?ters: for if thou meddle much, thou shalt 25: In the day of prosperity there is a for-not be innocent; and if thou follow after, getfulness of affliction: and in the day ofthou shalt not obtain, neither shalt thou affliction there is no more remembranceescape by fleeing. of prosperity.11: There is one that laboureth, and taketh 26: For it is an easy thing unto the Lord inpains, and maketh haste, and is so much the day of death to reward a man accord-the more behind. ing to his ways.12: Again, there is another that is slow, 27: The affliction of an hour maketh aand hath need of help, wanting ability, and man forget pleasure: and in his end hisfull of poverty; yet the eye of the Lord deeds shall be discovered.looked upon him for good, and set him up 28: Judge none blessed before his death:from his low estate, for a man shall be known in his children.13: And lifted up his head from misery; so 29: Bring not every man into thine house:that many that saw from him is peace over for the deceitful man hath many trains.all the 30: Like as a partridge taken [and kept] in14: Prosperity and adversity, life and a cage, so is the heart of the proud; anddeath, poverty and riches, come of the like as a spy, watcheth he for thy fall:Lord. 31: For he lieth in wait, and turneth good15: Wisdom, knowledge, and understand- into evil, and in things worthy praise willing of the law, are of the Lord: love, and lay blame upon thee.the way of good works, are from him. 32: Of a spark of fire a heap of coals is16: Error and darkness had their begin- kindled: and a sinful man layeth wait forning together with sinners: and evil shall blood.wax old with them that glory therein. 33: Take heed of a mischievous man, for17: The gift of the Lord remaineth with he worketh wickedness; lest he bring uponthe ungodly, and his favour bringeth pros- thee a perpetual blot.perity for ever. 34: Receive a stranger into thine house,18: There is that waxeth rich by his wari- and he will disturb thee, and turn thee outness and pinching, and this his the portion of thine own.of his reward:19: Whereas he saith, I have found rest,and now will eat continually of my goods; CHAPTER 12and yet he knoweth not what time shallcome upon him, and that he must leave When thou wilt do good know to whomthose things to others, and die. thou doest it; so shalt thou be thanked for20: Be stedfast in thy covenant, and be thy benefits.conversant therein, and wax old in thy 2: Do good to the godly man, and thouwork. shalt find a recompence; and if not from21: Marvel not at the works of sinners; but him, yet from the most High.trust in the Lord, and abide in thy labour: 3: There can no good come to him that isfor it is an easy thing in the sight of the always occupied in evil, nor to him thatLord on the sudden to make a poor man giveth no alms.rich. 4: Give to the godly man, and help not a22: The blessing of the Lord is in the re- sinner.ward of the godly, and suddenly he 5: Do well unto him that is lowly, but givemaketh his blessing flourish. not to the ungodly: hold back thy bread,23: Say not, What profit is there of my and give it not unto him, lest he overmas-service? and what good things shall I have ter thee thereby: for [else] thou shalt re- 106
  • ceive twice as much evil for all the good therewith; and he that hath fellowshipthou shalt have done unto him. with a proud man shall be like unto him.6: For the most High hateth sinners, and 2: Burden not thyself above thy powerwill repay vengeance unto the ungodly, while thou livest; and have no fellowshipand keepeth them against the mighty day with one that is mightier and richer thanof their punishment. thyself: for how agree the kettle and the7: Give unto the good, and help not the earthen pot together? for if the one besinner. smitten against the other, it shall be bro-8: A friend cannot be known in prosper- ken.ity: and an enemy cannot be hidden in 3: The rich man hath done wrong, and yetadversity. he threateneth withal: the poor is9: In the prosperity of a man enemies will wronged, and he must intreat also.be grieved: but in his adversity even a 4: If thou be for his profit, he will usefriend will depart. thee: but if thou have nothing, he will10: Never trust thine enemy: for like as forsake thee.iron rusteth, so is his wickedness. 5: If thou have any thing, he will live with11: Though he humble himself, and go thee: yea, he will make thee bare, and willcrouching, yet take good heed and beware not be sorry for it.of him, and thou shalt be unto him as if 6: If he have need of thee, he will deceivethou hadst wiped a lookingglass, and thou thee, and smile upon thee, and put thee inshalt know that his rust hath not been hope; he will speak thee fair, and say,altogether wiped away. What wantest thou?12: Set him not by thee, lest, when he hath 7: And he will shame thee by his meats,overthrown thee, he stand up in thy place; until he have drawn thee dry twice orneither let him sit at thy right hand, lest he thrice, and at the last he will laugh thee toseek to take thy seat, and thou at the last scorn afterward, when he seeth thee, heremember my words, and be pricked will forsake thee, and shake his head attherewith. thee.13: Who will pity a charmer that is bitten 8: Beware that thou be not deceived andwith a serpent, or any such as come nigh brought down in thy jollity.wild beasts? 9: If thou be invited of a mighty man,14: So one that goeth to a sinner, and is withdraw thyself, and so much the moredefiled with him in his sins, who will pity? will he invite thee.15: For a while he will abide with thee, but 10: Press thou not upon him, lest thou beif thou begin to fall, he will not tarry. put back; stand not far off, lest thou be16: An enemy speaketh sweetly with his forgotten.lips, but in his heart he imagineth how to 11: Affect not to be made equal unto himthrow thee into a pit: he will weep with his in talk, and believe not his many words:eyes, but if he find opportunity, he will for with much communication will henot be satisfied with blood. tempt thee, and smiling upon thee will get17: If adversity come upon thee, thou out thy secrets:shalt find him there first; and though he 12: But cruelly he will lay up thy words,pretend to help thee, yet shall he under- and will not spare to do thee hurt, and tomine thee. put thee in prison.18: He will shake his head, and clap his 13: Observe, and take good heed, for thouhands, and whisper much, and change his walkest in peril of thy overthrowing: whencountenance. thou hearest these things, awake in thy sleep. 14: Love the Lord all thy life, and call CHAPTER 13 upon him for thy salvation. 15: Every beast loveth his like, and everyHe that toucheth pitch shall be defiled man loveth his neighbor. 107
  • 16: All flesh consorteth according to kind, spend his goods riotously.and a man will cleave to his like. 5: He that is evil to himself, to whom will17: What fellowship hath the wolf with he be good? he shall not take pleasure inthe lamb? so the sinner with the godly. his goods.18: What agreement is there between the 6: There is none worse than he that en-hyena and a dog? and what peace between vieth himself; and this is a recompence ofthe rich and the poor? his wickedness.19: As the wild ass is the lions prey in the 7: And if he doeth good, he doeth it un-wilderness: so the rich eat up the poor. willingly; and at the last he will declare his20: As the proud hate humility: so doth wickedness.the rich abhor the poor. 8: The envious man hath a wicked eye; he21: A rich man beginning to fall is held up turneth away his face, and despiseth men.of his friends: but a poor man being down 9: A covetous mans eye is not satisfiedis thrust away by his friends. with his portion; and the iniquity of the22: When a rich man is fallen, he hath wicked drieth up his soul.many helpers: he speaketh things not to 10: A wicked eye envieth [his] bread, andbe spoken, and yet men justify him: the he is a niggard at his table.poor man slipped, and yet they rebuked 11: My son, according to thy ability dohim too; he spake wisely, and could have good to thyself, and give the Lord his dueno place. offering.23: When a rich man speaketh, every man 12: Remember that death will not be longholdeth his tongue, and, look, what he in coming, and that the covenant of thesaith, they extol it to the clouds: but if the grave is not shewed unto thee.poor man speak, they say, What fellow is 13: Do good unto thy friend before thouthis? and if he stumble, they will help to die, and according to thy ability stretchoverthrow him. out thy hand and give to him.24: Riches are good unto him that hath no 14: Defraud not thyself of the good day,sin, and poverty is evil in the mouth of the and let not the part of a good desire over-ungodly. pass thee.25: The heart of a man changeth his coun- 15: Shalt thou not leave thy travails untotenance, whether it be for good or evil: another? and thy labours to be divided byand a merry heart maketh a cheerful coun- lot?tenance. 16: Give, and take, and sanctify thy soul;26: A cheerful countenance is a token of a for there is no seeking of dainties in theheart that is in prosperity; and the finding grave.out of parables is a wearisome labour of 17: All flesh waxeth old as a garment: forthe mind. the covenant from the beginning is, Thou shalt die the death. 18: As of the green leaves on a thick tree, CHAPTER 14 some fall, and some grow; so is the gen- eration of flesh and blood, one cometh toBlessed is the man that hath not slipped an end, and another is born.with his mouth, and is not pricked with 19: Every work rotteth and consumeththe multitude of sins. away, and the worker thereof shall go2: Blessed is he whose conscience hath withal.not condemned him, and who is not fallen 20: Blessed is the man that doth meditatefrom his hope in the Lord. good things in wisdom, and that reasoneth3: Riches are not comely for a niggard: of holy things by his understanding.and what should an envious man do with 21: He that considereth her ways in hismoney? heart shall also have understanding in her4: He that gathereth by defrauding his secrets.own soul gathereth for others, that shall 22: Go after her as one that traceth, and 108
  • lie in wait in her ways. ning, and left him in the hand of his coun-23: He that prieth in at her windows shall sel;also hearken at her doors. 15: If thou wilt, to keep the command-24: He that doth lodge near her house ments, and to perform acceptable faithful-shall also fasten a pin in her walls. ness.25: He shall pitch his tent nigh unto her, 16: He hath set fire and water before thee:and shall lodge in a lodging where good stretch forth thy hand unto whether thouthings are. wilt.26: He shall set his children under her 17: Before man is life and death; andshelter, and shall lodge under her whether him liketh shall be given him.branches. 18: For the wisdom of the Lord is great,27: By her he shall be covered from heat, and he is mighty in power, and beholdethand in her glory shall he dwell. all things: 19: And his eyes are upon them that fear him, and he knoweth every work of man. CHAPTER 15 20: He hath commanded no man to do wickedly, neither hath he given any manHe that feareth the Lord will do good, licence to sin.and he that hath the knowledge of the lawshall obtain her.2: And as a mother shall she meet him, CHAPTER 16and receive him as a wife married of avirgin. Desire not a multitude of unprofitable3: With the bread of understanding shall children, neither delight in ungodly sons.she feed him, and give him the water of 2: Though they multiply, rejoice not inwisdom to drink. them, except the fear of the Lord be with4: He shall be stayed upon her, and shall them.not be moved; and shall rely upon her, 3: Trust not thou in their life, neither re-and shall not be confounded. spect their multitude: for one that is just is5: She shall exalt him above his better than a thousand; and better it is toneighbours, and in the midst of the con- die without children, than to have themgregation shall she open his mouth. that are ungodly.6: He shall find joy and a crown of glad- 4: For by one that hath understandingness, and she shall cause him to inherit an shall the city be replenished: but the kin-everlasting name. dred of the wicked shall speedily become7: But foolish men shall not attain unto desolate.her, and sinners shall not see her. 5: Many such things have I seen with mine8: For she is far from pride, and men that eyes, and mine ear hath heard greaterare liars cannot remember her. things than these.9: Praise is not seemly in the mouth of a 6: In the congregation of the ungodly shallsinner, for it was not sent him of the a fire be kindled; and in a rebellious nationLord. wrath is set on fire.10: For praise shall be uttered in wisdom, 7: He was not pacified toward the oldand the Lord will prosper it. giants, who fell away in the strength of11: Say not thou, It is through the Lord their foolishness.that I fell away: for thou oughtest not to 8: Neither spared he the place where Lotdo the things that he hateth. sojourned, but abhorred them for their12: Say not thou, He hath caused me to pride.err: for he hath no need of the sinful man. 9: He pitied not the people of perdition,13: The Lord hateth all abomination; and who were taken away in their sins:they that fear God love it not. 10: Nor the six hundred thousand foot-14: He himself made man from the begin- men, who were gathered together in the 109
  • hardness of their hearts. judgment from the beginning: and from11: And if there be one stiffnecked among the time he made them he disposed thethe people, it is marvel if he escape un- parts thereof.punished: for mercy and wrath are with 27: He garnished his works for ever, andhim; he is mighty to forgive, and to pour in his hand are the chief of them unto allout displeasure. generations: they neither labour, nor are12: As his mercy is great, so is his correc- weary, nor cease from their works.tion also: he judgeth a man according to 28: None of them hindereth another, andhis works they shall never disobey his word.13: The sinner shall not escape with his 29: After this the Lord looked upon thespoils: and the patience of the godly shall earth, and filled it with his blessings.not be frustrate. 30: With all manner of living things hath14: Make way for every work of mercy: he covered the face thereof; and they shallfor every man shall find according to his return into it again.works.15: The Lord hardened Pharaoh, that heshould not know him, that his powerful CHAPTER 17works might be known to the world.16: His mercy is manifest to every crea- The Lord created man of the earth, andture; and he hath separated his light from turned him into it again.the darkness with an adamant. 2: He gave them few days, and a short17: Say not thou, I will hide myself from time, and power also over the thingsthe Lord: shall any remember me from therein.above? I shall not be remembered among 3: He endued them with strength byso many people: for what is my soul themselves, and made them according toamong such an infinite number of crea- his image,tures? 4: And put the fear of man upon all flesh,18: Behold, the heaven, and the heaven of and gave him dominion over beasts andheavens, the deep, and the earth, and all fowls.that therein is, shall be moved when he 5: They received the use of the five opera-shall visit. tions of the Lord, and in the sixth place he19: The mountains also and foundations imparted them understanding, and in theof the earth be shaken with trembling, seventh speech, an interpreter of the cogi-when the Lord looketh upon them. tations thereof.]20: No heart can think upon these things 6: Counsel, and a tongue, and eyes, ears,worthily: and who is able to conceive his and a heart, gave he them to understand.ways? 7: Withal he filled them with the knowl-21: It is a tempest which no man can see: edge of understanding, and shewed themfor the most part of his works are hid. good and evil.22: Who can declare the works of his jus- 8: He set his eye upon their hearts, that hetice? or who can endure them? for his might shew them the greatness of hiscovenant is afar off, and the trial of all works.things is in the end. 9: He gave them to glory in his marvellous23: He that wanteth understanding will acts for ever, that they might declare histhink upon vain things: and a foolish man works with understanding.erring imagineth follies. 10: And the elect shall praise his holy24: by son, hearken unto me, and learn name.knowledge, and mark my words with thy 11: Beside this he gave them knowledge,heart. and the law of life for an heritage.25: I will shew forth doctrine in weight, 12: He made an everlasting covenant withand declare his knowledge exactly. them, and shewed them his judgments.26: The works of the Lord are done in 13: Their eyes saw the majesty of his glory, 110
  • and their ears heard his glorious voice. 31: What is brighter than the sun? yet the14: And he said unto them, Beware of all light thereof faileth; and flesh and bloodunrighteousness; and he gave every man will imagine evil.commandment concerning his neighbour. 32: He vieweth the power of the height of15: Their ways are ever before him, and heaven; and all men are but earth andshall not be hid from his eyes. ashes.16: Every man from his youth is given toevil; neither could they make to them-selves fleshy hearts for stony. CHAPTER 1817: For in the division of the nations ofthe whole earth he set a ruler over every He that liveth for ever Hath created allpeople; but Israel is the Lords portion: things in general.18: Whom, being his firstborn, he nour- 2: The Lord only is righteous, and there isisheth with discipline, and giving him the none other but he,light of his love doth not forsake him. 3: Who governeth the world with the19: Therefore all their works are as the palm of his hand, and all things obey hissun before him, and his eyes are continu- will: for he is the King of all, by his powerally upon their ways. dividing holy things among them from20: None of their unrighteous deeds are profane.hid from him, but all their sins are before 4: To whom hath he given power to de-the Lord clare his works? and who shall find out his21: But the Lord being gracious and noble acts?knowing his workmanship, neither left nor 5: Who shall number the strength of hisforsook them, but spared them. majesty? and who shall also tell out his22: The alms of a man is as a signet with mercies?him, and he will keep the good deeds of 6: As for the wondrous works of theman as the apple of the eye, and give re- Lord, there may nothing be taken frompentance to his sons and daughters. them, neither may any thing be put unto23: Afterwards he will rise up and reward them, neither can the ground of them bethem, and render their recompence upon found out.their heads. 7: When a man hath done, then he begin-24: But unto them that repent, he granted neth; and when he leaveth off, then hethem return, and comforted those that shall be doubtful.failed in patience. 8: What is man, and whereto serveth he?25: Return unto the Lord, and forsake thy what is his good, and what is his evil?sins, make thy prayer before his face, and 9: The number of a mans days at the mostoffend less. are an hundred years.26: Turn again to the most High, and turn 10: As a drop of water unto the sea, and aaway from iniquity: for he will lead thee gravelstone in comparison of the sand; soout of darkness into the light of health, are a thousand years to the days of eter-and hate thou abomination vehemently. nity.27: Who shall praise the most High in the 11: Therefore is God patient with them,grave, instead of them which live and give and poureth forth his mercy upon them.thanks? 12: He saw and perceived their end to be28: Thanksgiving perisheth from the dead, evil; therefore he multiplied his compas-as from one that is not: the living and sion.sound in heart shall praise the Lord. 13: The mercy of man is toward his29: How great is the lovingkindness of the neighbour; but the mercy of the Lord isLord our God, and his compassion unto upon all flesh: he reproveth, and nur-such as turn unto him in holiness! tureth, and teacheth and bringeth again, as30: For all things cannot be in men, be- a shepherd his flock.cause the son of man is not immortal. 14: He hath mercy on them that receive 111
  • discipline, and that diligently seek after hisjudgments.15: My son, blemish not thy good deeds, CHAPTER 19neither use uncomfortable words whenthou givest any thing. A labouring man that A is given to16: Shall not the dew asswage the heat? so drunkenness shall not be rich: and he thatis a word better than a gift. contemneth small things shall fall by little17: Lo, is not a word better than a gift? and little.but both are with a gracious man. 2: Wine and women will make men of18: A fool will upbraid churlishly, and a understanding to fall away: and he thatgift of the envious consumeth the eyes. cleaveth to harlots will become impudent.19: Learn before thou speak, and use 3: Moths and worms shall have him tophysick or ever thou be sick. heritage, and a bold man shall be taken20: Before judgment examine thyself, and away.in the day of visitation thou shalt find 4: He that is hasty to give credit is light-mercy. minded; and he that sinneth shall offend21: Humble thyself before thou be sick, against his own soul.and in the time of sins shew repentance. 5: Whoso taketh pleasure in wickedness22: Let nothing hinder thee to pay thy shall be condemned: but he that resistethvow in due time, and defer not until death pleasures crowneth his life.to be justified. 6: He that can rule his tongue shall live23: Before thou prayest, prepare thyself; without strife; and he that hateth babblingand be not as one that tempteth the Lord. shall have less evil.24: Think upon the wrath that shall be at 7: Rehearse not unto another that which isthe end, and the time of vengeance, when told unto thee, and thou shalt fare neverhe shall turn away his face. the worse.25: When thou hast enough, remember 8: Whether it be to friend or foe, talk notthe time of hunger: and when thou art of other mens lives; and if thou canstrich, think upon poverty and need. without offence, reveal them not.26: From the morning until the evening 9: For he heard and observed thee, andthe time is changed, and all things are when time cometh he will hate thee.soon done before the Lord. 10: If thou hast heard a word, let it die27: A wise man will fear in every thing, with thee; and be bold, it will not burstand in the day of sinning he will beware of thee.offence: but a fool will not observe time. 11: A fool travaileth with a word, as a28: Every man of understanding knoweth woman in labour of a child.wisdom, and will give praise unto him that 12: As an arrow that sticketh in a mansfound her. thigh, so is a word within a fools belly.29: They that were of understanding in 13: Admonish a friend, it may be he hathsayings became also wise themselves, and not done it: and if he have done it, that hepoured forth exquisite parables. do it no more.30: Go not after thy lusts, but refrain thy- 14: Admonish thy friend, it may be heself from thine appetites. hath not said it: and if he have, that he31: If thou givest thy soul the desires that speak it not again.please her, she will make thee a laughing- 15: Admonish a friend: for many times itstock to thine enemies that malign thee. is a slander, and believe not every tale.32: Take not pleasure in much good cheer, 16: There is one that slippeth in hisneither be tied to the expence thereof. speech, but not from his heart; and who is33: Be not made a beggar by banqueting he that hath not offended with hisupon borrowing, when thou hast nothing tongue?in thy purse: for thou shalt lie in wait for 17: Admonish thy neighbour before thouthine own life, and be talked on. threaten him; and not being angry, give 112
  • place to the law of the most High. angry secretly: and he that confesseth his18: The fear of the Lord is the first step to fault shall be preserved from hurt.be accepted [of him,] and wisdom ob- 3: How good is it, when thou art re-taineth his love. proved, to shew repentance! for so shalt19: The knowledge of the commandments thou escape wilful sin.of the Lord is the doctrine of life: and 4: As is the lust of an eunuch to deflowerthey that do things that please him shall a virgin; so is he that executeth judgmentreceive the fruit of the tree of immortality. with violence.20: The fear of the Lord is all wisdom; 5: There is one that keepeth silence, and isand in all wisdom is the performance of found wise: and another by much bab-the law, and the knowledge of his om- bling becometh hateful.nipotency. 6: Some man holdeth his tongue, because21: If a servant say to his master, I will not he hath not to answer: and some keepethdo as it pleaseth thee; though afterward he silence, knowing his time.do it, he angereth him that nourisheth 7: A wise man will hold his tongue till hehim. see opportunity: but a babbler and a fool22: The knowledge of wickedness is not will regard no time.wisdom, neither at any time the counsel of 8: He that useth many words shall be ab-sinners prudence. horred; and he that taketh to himself au-23: There is a wickedness, and the same thority therein shall be hated.an abomination; and there is a fool want- 9: There is a sinner that hath good successing in wisdom. in evil things; and there is a gain that tur-24: He that hath small understanding, and neth to loss.feareth God, is better than one that hath 10: There is a gift that shall not profitmuch wisdom, and transgresseth the law thee; and there is a gift whose recompenceof the most High. is double.25: There is an exquisite subtilty, and the 11: There is an abasement because ofsame is unjust; and there is one that tur- glory; and there is that lifteth up his headneth aside to make judgment appear; and from a low estate.there is a wise man that justifieth in judg- 12: There is that buyeth much for a little,ment. and repayeth it sevenfold.26: There is a wicked man that hangeth 13: A wise man by his words maketh himdown his head sadly; but inwardly he is beloved: but the graces of fools shall befull of deceit, poured out.27: Casting down his countenance, and 14: The gift of a fool shall do thee nomaking as if he heard not: where he is not good when thou hast it; neither yet of theknown, he will do thee a mischief before envious for his necessity: for he looketh tothou be aware. receive many things for one.28: And if for want of power he be hin- 15: He giveth little, and upbraideth much;dered from sinning, yet when he findeth he openeth his mouth like a crier; to dayopportunity he will do evil. he lendeth, and to morrow will he ask it29: A man may be known by his look, and again: such an one is to be hated of Godone that hath understanding by his coun- and man.tenance, when thou meetest him. 16: The fool saith, I have no friends, I30: A mans attire, and excessive laughter, have no thank for all my good deeds, andand gait, shew what he is. they that eat my bread speak evil of me. CHAPTER 20 17: How oft, and of how many shall he beThere is a reproof that is not comely: laughed to scorn! for he knoweth not aright what it is to have; and it is all oneagain, some man holdeth his tongue, and unto him as if he had it not.he is wise. 18: To slip upon a pavement is better than2: It is much better to reprove, than to be to slip with the tongue: so the fall of the 113
  • wicked shall come speedily. riches: thus the house of proud men shall19: An unseasonable tale will always be in be made desolate.the mouth of the unwise. 5: A prayer out of a poor mans mouth20: A wise sentence shall be rejected when reacheth to the ears of God, and his judg-it cometh out of a fools mouth; for he ment cometh speedily.will not speak it in due season. 6: He that hateth to be reproved is in the21: There is that is hindered from sinning way of sinners: but he that feareth thethrough want: and when he taketh rest, he Lord will repent from his heart.shall not be troubled. 7: An eloquent man is known far and22: There is that destroyeth his own soul near; but a man of understanding knoweththrough bashfulness, and by accepting of when he slippeth.persons overthroweth himself. 8: He that buildeth his house with other23: There is that for bashfulness pro- mens money is like one that gatherethmiseth to his friend, and maketh him his himself stones for the tomb of his burial.enemy for nothing. 9: The congregation of the wicked is like24: A lie is a foul blot in a man, yet it is tow wrapped together: and the end ofcontinually in the mouth of the untaught. them is a flame of fire to destroy them.25: A thief is better than a man that is 10: The way of sinners is made plain withaccustomed to lie: but they both shall have stones, but at the end thereof is the pit ofdestruction to heritage. hell.26: The disposition of a liar is dishonour- 11: He that keepeth the law of the Lordable, and his shame is ever with him. getteth the understanding thereof: and the27: A wise man shall promote himself to perfection of the fear of the Lord is wis-honour with his words: and he that hath dom.understanding will please great men. 12: He that is not wise will not be taught:28: He that tilleth his land shall increase but there is a wisdom which multipliethhis heap: and he that pleaseth great men bitterness.shall get pardon for iniquity. 13: The knowledge of a wise man shall29: Presents and gifts blind the eyes of the abound like a flood: and his counsel is likewise, and stop up his mouth that he can- a pure fountain of life.not reprove. 14: The inner parts of a fool are like a30: Wisdom that is hid, and treasure that broken vessel, and he will hold no knowl-is hoarded up, what profit is in them edge as long as he liveth.both? 15: If a skilful man hear a wise word, he31: Better is he that hideth his folly than a will commend it, and add unto it: but asman that hideth his wisdom. soon as one of no understanding heareth32: Necessary patience in seeking the Lord it, it displeaseth him, and he casteth itis better than he that leadeth his life with- behind his back.out a guide. 16: The talking of a fool is like a burden in the way: but grace shall be found in the lips of the wise. CHAPTER 21 17: They enquire at the mouth of the wise man in the congregation, and they shallMy son, hast thou sinned? do so no ponder his words in their heart.more, but ask pardon for thy former sins. 18: As is a house that is destroyed, so is2: Flee from sin as from the face of a ser- wisdom to a fool: and the knowledge ofpent: for if thou comest too near it, it will the unwise is as talk without sense.bite thee: the teeth thereof are as the teeth 19: Doctrine unto fools is as fetters on theof a lion, slaying the souls of men. feet, and like manacles on the right hand.3: All iniquity is as a two edged sword, the 20: A fool lifteth up his voice with laugh-wounds whereof cannot be healed. ter; but a wise man doth scarce smile a4: To terrify and do wrong will waste little. 114
  • 21: Learning is unto a wise man as an or- of their parents.nament of gold, and like a bracelet upon 10: But children, being haughty, throughhis right arm. disdain and want of nurture do stain the22: A foolish mans foot is soon in his nobility of their kindred.[neighbours] house: but a man of experi- 11: Weep for the dead, for he hath lost theence is ashamed of him. light: and weep for the fool, for he23: A fool will peep in at the door into the wanteth understanding: make little weep-house: but he that is well nurtured will ing for the dead, for he is at rest: but thestand without. life of the fool is worse than death.24: It is the rudeness of a man to hearken 12: Seven days do men mourn for himat the door: but a wise man will be grieved that is dead; but for a fool and an ungodlywith the disgrace. man all the days of his life.25: The lips of talkers will be telling such 13: Talk not much with a fool, and go notthings as pertain not unto them: but the to him that hath no understanding: be-words of such as have understanding are ware of him, lest thou have trouble, andweighed in the balance. thou shalt never be defiled with his fooler-26: The heart of fools is in their mouth: ies: depart from him, and thou shalt findbut the mouth of the wise is in their heart. rest, and never be disquieted with mad-27: When the ungodly curseth Satan, he ness.curseth his own soul. 14: What is heavier than lead? and what is28: A whisperer defileth his own soul, and the name thereof, but a fool?is hated wheresoever he dwelleth. 15: Sand, and salt, and a mass of iron, is easier to bear, than a man without under- standing. CHAPTER 22 16: As timber girt and bound together in aA slothful man is compared to a filthy building cannot be loosed with shaking: so the heart that is stablished by advisedstone, and every one will hiss him out to counsel shall fear at no time.his disgrace. 17: A heart settled upon a thought of un-2: A slothful man is compared to the filth derstanding is as a fair plaistering on theof a dunghill: every man that takes it up wall of a gallery.will shake his hand. 18: Pales set on an high place will never3: An evilnurtured man is the dishonour stand against the wind: so a fearful heartof his father that begat him: and a in the imagination of a fool cannot stand[foolish] daughter is born to his loss. against any fear.4: A wise daughter shall bring an inheri- 19: He that pricketh the eye will maketance to her husband: but she that liveth tears to fall: and he that pricketh the heartdishonestly is her fathers heaviness. maketh it to shew her knowledge.5: She that is bold dishonoureth both her 20: Whoso casteth a stone at the birdsfather and her husband, but they both frayeth them away: and he that upbraidethshall despise her. his friend breaketh friendship.6: A tale out of season [is as] musick in 21: Though thou drewest a sword at thymourning: but stripes and correction of friend, yet despair not: for there may be awisdom are never out of time. returning [to favour.]7: Whoso teacheth a fool is as one that 22: If thou hast opened thy mouth againstglueth a potsherd together, and as he that thy friend, fear not; for there may be awaketh one from a sound sleep. reconciliation: except for upbraiding, or8: He that telleth a tale to a fool speaketh pride, or disclosing of secrets, or a treach-to one in a slumber: when he hath told his erous wound: for for these things everytale, he will say, What is the matter? friend will depart.9: If children live honestly, and have 23: Be faithful to thy neighbour in hiswherewithal, they shall cover the baseness poverty, that thou mayest rejoice in his 115
  • prosperity: abide stedfast unto him in the 9: Accustom not thy mouth to swearing;time of his trouble, that thou mayest be neither use thyself to the naming of theheir with him in his heritage: for a mean Holy One.estate is not always to be contemned: nor 10: For as a servant that is continuallythe rich that is foolish to be had in admi- beaten shall not be without a blue mark:ration. so he that sweareth and nameth God con-24: As the vapour and smoke of a furnace tinually shall not be faultless.goeth before the fire; so reviling before 11: A man that useth much swearing shallblood. be filled with iniquity, and the plague shall25: I will not be ashamed to defend a never depart from his house: if he shallfriend; neither will I hide myself from offend, his sin shall be upon him: and ifhim. he acknowledge not his sin, he maketh a26: And if any evil happen unto me by double offence: and if he swear in vain, hehim, every one that heareth it will beware shall not be innocent, but his house shallof him. be full of calamities.27: Who shall set a watch before my 12: There is a word that is clothed aboutmouth, and a seal of wisdom upon my with death: God grant that it be not foundlips, that I fall not suddenly by them, and in the heritage of Jacob; for all such thingsthat my tongue destroy me not? shall be far from the godly, and they shall not wallow in their sins. 13: Use not thy mouth to intemperate CHAPTER 23 swearing, for therein is the word of sin. 14: Remember thy father and thy mother,O Lord, Father and Governor of all my when thou sittest among great men. Bewhole life, leave me not to their counsels, not forgetful before them, and so thou byand let me not fall by them. thy custom become a fool, and wish that2: Who will set scourges over my thou hadst not been born, and curse theythoughts, and the discipline of wisdom day of thy nativity.over mine heart? that they spare me not 15: The man that is accustomed to oppro-for mine ignorances, and it pass not by my brious words will never be reformed allsins: the days of his life.3: Lest mine ignorances increase, and my 16: Two sorts of men multiply sin, and thesins abound to my destruction, and I fall third will bring wrath: a hot mind is as abefore mine adversaries, and mine enemy burning fire, it will never be quenched tillrejoice over me, whose hope is far from it be consumed: a fornicator in the bodythy mercy. of his flesh will never cease till he hath4: O Lord, Father and God of my life, kindled a fire.give me not a proud look, but turn away 17: All bread is sweet to a whoremonger,from thy servants always a haughty mind. he will not leave off till he die.5: Turn away from me vain hopes and 18: A man that breaketh wedlock, sayingconcupiscence, and thou shalt hold him thus in his heart, Who seeth me? I amup that is desirous always to serve thee. compassed about with darkness, the walls6: Let not the greediness of the belly nor cover me, and no body seeth me; whatlust of the flesh take hold of me; and give need I to fear? the most High will notnot over me thy servant into an impudent remember my sins:mind. 19: Such a man only feareth the eyes of7: Hear, O ye children, the discipline of men, and knoweth not that the eyes of thethe mouth: he that keepeth it shall never Lord are ten thousand times brighter thanbe taken in his lips. the sun, beholding all the ways of men,8: The sinner shall be left in his foolish- and considering the most secret parts.ness: both the evil speaker and the proud 20: He knew all things ere ever they wereshall fall thereby. created; so also after they were perfected 116
  • he looked upon them all. thy dwelling be in Jacob, and thine inheri-21: This man shall be punished in the tance in Israel.streets of the city, and where he suspec- 9: He created me from the beginning be-teth not he shall be taken. fore the world, and I shall never fail.22: Thus shall it go also with the wife that 10: In the holy tabernacle I served beforeleaveth her husband, and bringeth in an him; and so was I established in Sion.heir by another. 11: Likewise in the beloved city he gave23: For first, she hath disobeyed the law me rest, and in Jerusalem was my power.of the most High; and secondly, she hath 12: And I took root in an honourable peo-trespassed against her own husband; and ple, even in the portion of the Lords in-thirdly, she hath played the whore in adul- heritance.tery, and brought children by another 13: I was exalted like a cedar in Libanus,man. and as a cypress tree upon the mountains24: She shall be brought out into the con- of Hermon.gregation, and inquisition shall be made of 14: I was exalted like a palm tree in En-her children. gaddi, and as a rose plant in Jericho, as a25: Her children shall not take root, and fair olive tree in a pleasant field, and grewher branches shall bring forth no fruit. up as a plane tree by the water.26: She shall leave her memory to be 15: I gave a sweet smell like cinnamon andcursed, and her reproach shall not be blot- aspalathus, and I yielded a pleasant odourted out. like the best myrrh, as galbanum, and27: And they that remain shall know that onyx, and sweet storax, and as the fume ofthere is nothing better than the fear of the frankincense in the tabernacle.Lord, and that there is nothing sweeter 16: As the turpentine tree I stretched outthan to take heed unto the command- my branches, and my branches are thements of the Lord. branches of honour and grace.28: It is great glory to follow the Lord, and 17: As the vine brought I forth pleasantto be received of him is long life. savour, and my flowers are the fruit of honour and riches. 18: I am the mother of fair love, and fear, CHAPTER 24 and knowledge, and holy hope: I there-Wisdom shall praise herself, and shall fore, being eternal, am given to all my children which are named of him.glory in the midst of her people. 19: Come unto me, all ye that be desirous2: In the congregation of the most High of me, and fill yourselves with my fruits.shall she open her mouth, and triumph 20: For my memorial is sweeter thanbefore his power. honey, and mine inheritance than the hon-3: I came out of the mouth of the most eycomb.High, and covered the earth as a cloud. 21: They that eat me shall yet be hungry,4: I dwelt in high places, and my throne is and they that drink me shall yet be thirsty.in a cloudy pillar. 22: He that obeyeth me shall never be5: I alone compassed the circuit of confounded, and they that work by meheaven, and walked in the bottom of the shall not do amiss.deep. 23: All these things are the book of the6: In the waves of the sea and in all the covenant of the most high God, even theearth, and in every people and nation, I law which Moses commanded for an heri-got a possession. tage unto the congregations of Jacob.7: With all these I sought rest: and in 24: Faint not to be strong in the Lord; thatwhose inheritance shall I abide? he may confirm you, cleave unto him: for8: So the Creator of all things gave me a the Lord Almighty is God alone, and be-commandment, and he that made me side him there is no other Saviour.caused my tabernacle to rest, and said, Let 25: He filleth all things with his wisdom, 117
  • as Phison and as Tigris in the time of the judged in mine heart to be happy, and thenew fruits. tenth I will utter with my tongue: A man26: He maketh the understanding to that hath joy of his children; and he thatabound like Euphrates, and as Jordan in liveth to see the fall of his enemy:the time of the harvest. 8: Well is him that dwelleth with a wife of27: He maketh the doctrine of knowledge understanding, and that hath not slippedappear as the light, and as Geon in the with his tongue, and that hath not servedtime of vintage. a man more unworthy than himself:28: The first man knew her not perfectly: 9: Well is him that hath found prudence,no more shall the last find her out. and he that speaketh in the ears of them29: For her thoughts are more than the that will hear:sea, and her counsels profounder than the 10: O how great is he that findeth wis-great deep. dom! yet is there none above him that30: I also came out as a brook from a feareth the Lord.river, and as a conduit into a garden. 11: But the love of the Lord passeth all31: I said, I will water my best garden, and things for illumination: he that holdeth it,will water abundantly my garden bed: and, whereto shall he be likened?lo, my brook became a river, and my river 12: The fear of the Lord is the beginningbecame a sea. of his love: and faith is the beginning of32: I will yet make doctrine to shine as the cleaving unto him.morning, and will send forth her light afar 13: [Give me] any plague, but the plagueoff. of the heart: and any wickedness, but the33: I will yet pour out doctrine as proph- wickedness of a woman:ecy, and leave it to all ages for ever. 14: And any affliction, but the affliction34: Behold that I have not laboured for from them that hate me: and any revenge,myself only, but for all them that seek but the revenge of enemies.wisdom. 15: There is no head above the head of a serpent; and there is no wrath above the wrath of an enemy. CHAPTER 25 16: I had rather dwell with a lion and a dragon, than to keep house with a wickedIn three things I was beautified, and woman.stood up beautiful both before God and 17: The wickedness of a woman changethmen: the unity of brethren, the love of her face, and darkeneth her countenanceneighbours, a man and a wife that agree like sackcloth.together. 18: Her husband shall sit among his2: Three sorts of men my soul hateth, and neighbours; and when he heareth it shallI am greatly offended at their life: a poor sigh bitterly.man that is proud, a rich man that is a liar, 19: All wickedness is but little to the wick-and an old adulterer that doateth. edness of a woman: let the portion of a3: If thou hast gathered nothing in thy sinner fall upon her.youth, how canst thou find any thing in 20: As the climbing up a sandy way is tothine age? the feet of the aged, so is a wife full of4: O how comely a thing is judgment for words to a quiet man.gray hairs, and for ancient men to know 21: Stumble not at the beauty of a woman,counsel! and desire her not for pleasure.5: O how comely is the wisdom of old 22: A woman, if she maintain her hus-men, and understanding and counsel to band, is full of anger, impudence, andmen of honour. much reproach.6: Much experience is the crown of old 23: A wicked woman abateth the courage,men, and the fear of God is their glory. maketh an heavy countenance and a7: There be nine things which I have wounded heart: a woman that will not 118
  • comfort her husband in distress maketh every hedge will she sit down, and openweak hands and feeble knees. her quiver against every arrow.24: Of the woman came the beginning of 13: The grace of a wife delighteth her hus-sin, and through her we all die. band, and her discretion will fatten his25: Give the water no passage; neither a bones.wicked woman liberty to gad abroad. 14: A silent and loving woman is a gift of26: If she go not as thou wouldest have the Lord; and there is nothing so muchher, cut her off from thy flesh, and give worth as a mind well instructed.her a bill of divorce, and let her go. 15: A shamefaced and faithful woman is a double grace, and her continent mind cannot be valued. CHAPTER 26 16: As the sun when it ariseth in the high heaven; so is the beauty of a good wife inBlessed is the man that hath a virtuous the ordering of her house.wife, for the number of his days shall be 17: As the clear light is upon the holy can-double. dlestick; so is the beauty of the face in ripe2: A virtuous woman rejoiceth her hus- age.band, and he shall fulfill the years of his 18: As the golden pillars are upon thelife in peace. sockets of silver; so are the fair feet with a3: A good wife is a good portion, which constant heart.shall be given in the portion of them that 19: My son, keep the flower of thine agefear the Lord. sound; and give not thy strength to strang-4: Whether a man be rich or poor, if he ers.have a good heart toward the Lord, he 20: When thou hast gotten a fruitful pos-shall at all times rejoice with a cheerful session through all the field, sow it withcountenance. thine own seed, trusting in the goodness5: There be three things that mine heart of thy stock.feareth; and for the fourth I was sore 21: So thy race which thou leavest shall beafraid: the slander of a city, the gathering magnified, having the confidence of theirtogether of an unruly multitude, and a good descent.false accusation: all these are worse than 22: An harlot shall be accounted as spittle;death. but a married woman is a tower against6: But a grief of heart and sorrow is a death to her husband.woman that is jealous over another 23: A wicked woman is given as a portionwoman, and a scourge of the tongue to a wicked man: but a godly woman iswhich communicateth with all. given to him that feareth the Lord.7: An evil wife is a yoke shaken to and fro: 24: A dishonest woman contemnethhe that hath hold of her is as though he shame: but an honest woman will rever-held a scorpion. ence her husband.8: A drunken woman and a gadder abroad 25: A shameless woman shall be countedcauseth great anger, and she will not cover as a dog; but she that is shamefaced willher own shame. fear the Lord.9: The whoredom of a woman may be 26: A woman that honoureth her husbandknown in her haughty looks and eyelids. shall be judged wise of all; but she that10: If thy daughter be shameless, keep her dishonoureth him in her pride shall bein straitly, lest she abuse herself through counted ungodly of all.overmuch liberty. 27: A loud crying woman and a scold shall11: Watch over an impudent eye: and mar- be sought out to drive away the enemies.vel not if she trespass against thee. 28: There be two things that grieve my12: She will open her mouth, as a thirsty heart; and the third maketh me angry: atraveller when he hath found a fountain, man of war that suffereth poverty; andand drink of every water near her: by men of understanding that are not set by; 119
  • and one that returneth from righteousness credit; and shall never find friend to histo sin; the Lord prepareth such an one for mind.the sword. 17: Love thy friend, and be faithful unto29: A merchant shall hardly keep himself him: but if thou betrayest his secrets, fol-from doing wrong; and an huckster shall low no more after him.not be freed from sin. 18: For as a man hath destroyed his en- emy; so hast thou lost the love of thy neighbor. CHAPTER 27 19: As one that letteth a bird go out of hisMany have sinned for a small matter; hand, so hast thou let thy neighbour go, and shalt not get him againand he that seeketh for abundance will 20: Follow after him no more, for he isturn his eyes away. too far off; he is as a roe escaped out of2: As a nail sticketh fast between the join- the snare.ings of the stones; so doth sin stick close 21: As for a wound, it may be bound up;between buying and selling. and after reviling there may be reconcile-3: Unless a man hold himself diligently in ment: but he that betrayeth secrets is with-the fear of the Lord, his house shall soon out hope.be overthrown. 22: He that winketh with the eyes worketh4: As when one sifteth with a sieve, the evil: and he that knoweth him will departrefuse remaineth; so the filth of man in his from him.talk. 23: When thou art present, he will speak5: The furnace proveth the potters ves- sweetly, and will admire thy words: but atsels; so the trial of man is in his reasoning. the last he will writhe his mouth, and slan-6: The fruit declareth if the tree have been der thy sayings.dressed; so is the utterance of a conceit in 24: I have hated many things, but nothingthe heart of man. like him; for the Lord will hate him.7: Praise no man before thou hearest him 25: Whoso casteth a stone on high castethspeak; for this is the trial of men. it on his own head; and a deceitful stroke8: If thou followest righteousness, thou shall make wounds.shalt obtain her, and put her on, as a glori- 26: Whoso diggeth a pit shall fall therein:ous long robe. and he that setteth a trap shall be taken9: The birds will resort unto their like; so therein.will truth return unto them that practise in 27: He that worketh mischief, it shall fallher. upon him, and he shall not know whence10: As the lion lieth in wait for the prey; it cometh.so sin for them that work iniquity. 28: Mockery and reproach are from the11: The discourse of a godly man is always proud; but vengeance, as a lion, shall lie inwith wisdom; but a fool changeth as the wait for them.moon. 29: They that rejoice at the fall of the12: If thou be among the indiscreet, ob- righteous shall be taken in the snare; andserve the time; but be continually among anguish shall consume them before theymen of understanding. die.13: The discourse of fools is irksome, and 30: Malice and wrath, even these aretheir sport is the wantonness of sin. abominations; and the sinful man shall14: The talk of him that sweareth much have them both.maketh the hair stand upright; and their CHAPTER 28brawls make one stop his ears.15: The strife of the proud is bloodshed- He that revengeth shall find vengeanceding, and their revilings are grievous to the from the Lord, and he will surely keep hisear. sins [in remembrance.]16: Whoso discovereth secrets loseth his 2: Forgive thy neighbour the hurt that he 120
  • hath done unto thee, so shall thy sins also venom thereof; who hath not drawn thebe forgiven when thou prayest. yoke thereof, nor hath been bound in her3: One man beareth hatred against an- bands.other, and doth he seek pardon from the 20: For the yoke thereof is a yoke of iron,Lord? and the bands thereof are bands of brass.4: He sheweth no mercy to a man, which 21: The death thereof is an evil death, theis like himself: and doth he ask forgive- grave were better than it.ness of his own sins? 22: It shall not have rule over them that5: If he that is but flesh nourish hatred, fear God, neither shall they be burnedwho will intreat for pardon of his sins? with the flame thereof.6: Remember thy end, and let enmity 23: Such as forsake the Lord shall fall intocease; [remember] corruption and death, it; and it shall burn in them, and not beand abide in the commandments. quenched; it shall be sent upon them as a7: Remember the commandments, and lion, and devour them as a leopard.bear no malice to thy neighbour: 24: Look that thou hedge thy possession[remember] the covenant of the Highest, about with thorns, and bind up thy silverand wink at ignorance. and gold,8: Abstain from strife, and thou shalt di- 25: And weigh thy words in a balance, andminish thy sins: for a furious man will make a door and bar for thy mouth.kindle strife, 26: Beware thou slide not by it, lest thou9: A sinful man disquieteth friends, and fall before him that lieth in wait.maketh debate among them that be atpeace.10: As the matter of the fire is, so it bur- CHAPTER 29neth: and as a mans strength is, so is hiswrath; and according to his riches his an- He that is merciful will lend unto hisger riseth; and the stronger they are which neighbour; and he that strengtheneth hiscontend, the more they will be inflamed. hand keepeth the commandments.11: An hasty contention kindleth a fire: 2: Lend to thy neighbour in time of hisand an hasty fighting sheddeth blood. need, and pay thou thy neighbour again in12: If thou blow the spark, it shall burn: if due season.thou spit upon it, it shall be quenched: 3: Keep thy word, and deal faithfully withand both these come out of thy mouth. him, and thou shalt always find the thing13: Curse the whisperer and double- that is necessary for thee.tongued: for such have destroyed many 4: Many, when a thing was lent them,that were at peace. reckoned it to be found, and put them to14: A backbiting tongue hath disquieted trouble that helped them.many, and driven them from nation to 5: Till he hath received, he will kiss anation: strong cities hath it pulled down, mans hand; and for his neighboursand overthrown the houses of great men. money he will speak submissly: but when15: A backbiting tongue hath cast out he should repay, he will prolong the time,virtuous women, and deprived them of and return words of grief, and complaintheir labours. of the time.16: Whoso hearkeneth unto it shall never 6: If he prevail, he shall hardly receive thefind rest, and never dwell quietly. half, and he will count as if he had found17: The stroke of the whip maketh marks it: if not, he hath deprived him of hisin the flesh: but the stroke of the tongue money, and he hath gotten him an enemybreaketh the bones. without cause: he payeth him with curs-18: Many have fallen by the edge of the ings and railings; and for honour he willsword: but not so many as have fallen by pay him disgrace.the tongue. 7: Many therefore have refused to lend for19: Well is he that is defended through the other mens ill dealing, fearing to be de- 121
  • frauded. stranger, thou darest not open thy mouth.8: Yet have thou patience with a man in 25: Thou shalt entertain, and feast, andpoor estate, and delay not to shew him have no thanks: moreover thou shalt hearmercy. bitter words:9: Help the poor for the commandments 26: Come, thou stranger, and furnish asake, and turn him not away because of table, and feed me of that thou hast ready.his poverty. 27: Give place, thou stranger, to an hon-10: Lose thy money for thy brother and ourable man; my brother cometh to bethy friend, and let it not rust under a stone lodged, and I have need of mine house.to be lost. 28: These things are grievous to a man of11: Lay up thy treasure according to the understanding; the upbraiding of house-commandments of the most High, and it room, and reproaching of the lender.shall bring thee more profit than gold.12: Shut up alms in thy storehouses: and itshall deliver thee from all affliction. CHAPTER 3013: It shall fight for thee against thineenemies better than a mighty shield and He that loveth his son causeth him oftstrong spear. to feel the rod, that he may have joy of14: An honest man is surety for his him in the end.neighbour: but he that is impudent will 2: He that chastiseth his son shall have joyforsake him. in him, and shall rejoice of him among his15: Forget not the friendship of thy surety, acquaintance.for he hath given his life for thee. 3: He that teacheth his son grieveth the16: A sinner will overthrow the good es- enemy: and before his friends he shalltate of his surety: rejoice of him.17: And he that is of an unthankful mind 4: Though his father die, yet he is aswill leave him [in danger] that delivered though he were not dead: for he hath lefthim. one behind him that is like himself.18: Suretiship hath undone many of good 5: While he lived, he saw and rejoiced inestate, and shaken them as a wave of the him: and when he died, he was not sor-sea: mighty men hath it driven from their rowful.houses, so that they wandered among 6: He left behind him an avenger againststrange nations. his enemies, and one that shall requite19: A wicked man transgressing the com- kindness to his friends.mandments of the Lord shall fall into 7: He that maketh too much of his sonsuretiship: and he that undertaketh and shall bind up his wounds; and his bowelsfolloweth other mens business for gain will be troubled at every cry.shall fall into suits. 8: An horse not broken becometh head-20: Help thy neighbour according to thy strong: and a child left to himself will bepower, and beware that thou thyself fall wilful.not into the same. 9: Cocker thy child, and he shall make21: The chief thing for life is water, and thee afraid: play with him, and he willbread, and clothing, and an house to cover bring thee to heaviness.shame. 10: Laugh not with him, lest thou have22: Better is the life of a poor man in a sorrow with him, and lest thou gnash thymean cottage, than delicate fare in another teeth in the end.mans house. 11: Give him no liberty in his youth, and23: Be it little or much, hold thee con- wink not at his follies.tented, that thou hear not the reproach of 12: Bow down his neck while he is young,thy house. and beat him on the sides while he is a24: For it is a miserable life to go from child, lest he wax stubborn, and be dis-house to house: for where thou art a obedient unto thee, and so bring sorrow 122
  • to thine heart. shall have enough thereof.13: Chastise thy son, and hold him to la- 6: Gold hath been the ruin of many, andbour, lest his lewd behaviour be an of- their destruction was present.fence unto thee. 7: It is a stumblingblock unto them that14: Better is the poor, being sound and sacrifice unto it, and every fool shall bestrong of constitution, than a rich man taken therewith.that is afflicted in his body. 8: Blessed is the rich that is found without15: Health and good estate of body are blemish, and hath not gone after gold.above all gold, and a strong body above 9: Who is he? and we will call him blessed:infinite wealth. for wonderful things hath he done among16: There is no riches above a sound his people.body, and no joy above the joy of the 10: Who hath been tried thereby, andheart. found perfect? then let him glory. Who17: Death is better than a bitter life or might offend, and hath not offended? orcontinual sickness. done evil, and hath not done it?18: Delicates poured upon a mouth shut 11: His goods shall be established, and theup are as messes of meat set upon a grave. congregation shall declare his alms.19: What good doeth the offering unto an 12: If thou sit at a bountiful table, be notidol? for neither can it eat nor smell: so is greedy upon it, and say not, There is muchhe that is persecuted of the Lord. meat on it.20: He seeth with his eyes and groaneth, 13: Remember that a wicked eye is an evilas an eunuch that embraceth a virgin and thing: and what is created more wickedsigheth. than an eye? therefore it weepeth upon21: Give not over thy mind to heaviness, every occasion.and afflict not thyself in thine own coun- 14: Stretch not thine hand whithersoeversel. it looketh, and thrust it not with him into22: The gladness of the heart is the life of the dish.man, and the joyfulness of a man prolon- 15: Judge not thy neighbour by thyself:geth his days. and be discreet in every point.23: Love thine own soul, and comfort thy 16: Eat as it becometh a man, those thingsheart, remove sorrow far from thee: for which are set before thee; and devoursorrow hath killed many, and there is no note, lest thou be hated.profit therein. 17: Leave off first for manners sake; and24: Envy and wrath shorten the life, and be not unsatiable, lest thou offend.carefulness bringeth age before the time. 18: When thou sittest among many, reach25: A cheerful and good heart will have a not thine hand out first of all.care of his meat and diet. 19: A very little is sufficient for a man well nurtured, and he fetcheth not his wind short upon his bed. CHAPTER 31 20: Sound sleep cometh of moderate eat- ing: he riseth early, and his wits are withWatching for riches consumeth the flesh, him: but the pain of watching, and choler,and the care thereof driveth away sleep. and pangs of the belly, are with an unsa-2: Watching care will not let a man slum- tiable man.ber, as a sore disease breaketh sleep, 21: And if thou hast been forced to eat,3: The rich hath great labour in gathering arise, go forth, vomit, and thou shalt haveriches together; and when he resteth, he is rest.filled with his delicates. 22: My son, hear me, and despise me not,4: The poor laboureth in his poor estate; and at the last thou shalt find as I toldand when he leaveth off, he is still needy. thee: in all thy works be quick, so shall5: He that loveth gold shall not be justi- there no sickness come unto thee.fied, and he that followeth corruption 23: Whoso is liberal of his meat, men shall 123
  • speak well of him; and the report of his thee: and yet scarcely when thou art twicegood housekeeping will be believed. asked.24: But against him that is a niggard of his 8: Let thy speech be short, comprehend-meat the whole city shall murmur; and the ing much in few words; be as one thattestimonies of his niggardness shall not be knoweth and yet holdeth his tongue.doubted of. 9: If thou be among great men, make not25: Shew not thy valiantness in wine; for thyself equal with them; and when ancientwine hath destroyed many. men are in place, use not many words.26: The furnace proveth the edge by dip- 10: Before the thunder goeth lightning;ping: so doth wine the hearts of the proud and before a shamefaced man shall goby drunkeness. favour.27: Wine is as good as life to a man, if it 11: Rise up betimes, and be not the last;be drunk moderately: what life is then to a but get thee home without delay.man that is without wine? for it was made 12: There take thy pastime, and do whatto make men glad. thou wilt: but sin not by proud speech.28: Wine measurably drunk and in season 13: And for these things bless him thatbringeth gladness of the heart, and cheer- made thee, and hath replenished thee withfulness of the mind: his good things.29: But wine drunken with excess maketh 14: Whoso feareth the Lord will receivebitterness of the mind, with brawling and his discipline; and they that seek him earlyquarrelling. shall find favour.30: Drunkenness increaseth the rage of a 15: He that seeketh the law shall be filledfool till he offend: it diminisheth strength, therewith: but the hypocrite will be of-and maketh wounds. fended thereat.31: Rebuke not thy neighbour at the wine, 16: They that fear the Lord shall find judg-and despise him not in his mirth: give him ment, and shall kindle justice as a light.no despiteful words, and press not upon 17: A sinful man will not be reproved, buthim with urging him [to drink.] findeth an excuse according to his will. 18: A man of counsel will be considerate; but a strange and proud man is not CHAPTER 32 daunted with fear, even when of himselfIf thou be made the master [of a feast,] he hath done without counsel. 19: Do nothing without advice; and whenlift not thyself up, but be among them as thou hast once done, repent not.one of the rest; take diligent care for them, 20: Go not in a way wherein thou mayestand so sit down. fall, and stumble not among the stones.2: And when thou hast done all thy office, 21: Be not confident in a plain way.take thy place, that thou mayest be merry 22: And beware of thine own children.with them, and receive a crown for thy 23: In every good work trust thy own soul;well ordering of the feast. for this is the keeping of the command-3: Speak, thou that art the elder, for it ments.becometh thee, but with sound judgment; 24: He that believeth in the Lord takethand hinder not musick. heed to the commandment; and he that4: Pour not out words where there is a trusteth in him shall fare never the worse.musician, and shew not forth wisdom outof time.5: A concert of musick in a banquet of CHAPTER 33wine is as a signet of carbuncle set in gold.6: As a signet of an emerald set in a work There shall no evil happen unto him thatof gold, so is the melody of musick with feareth the Lord; but in temptation evenpleasant wine. again he will deliver him.7: Speak, young man, if there be need of 2: A wise man hateth not the law; but he 124
  • that is an hypocrite therein is as a ship in a of the congregation.storm. 19: Give not thy son and wife, thy brother3: A man of understanding trusteth in the and friend, power over thee while thoulaw; and the law is faithful unto him, as an livest, and give not thy goods to another:oracle. lest it repent thee, and thou intreat for the4: Prepare what to say, and so thou shalt same again.be heard: and bind up instruction, and 20: As long as thou livest and hast breaththen make answer. in thee, give not thyself over to any.5: The heart of the foolish is like a cart- 21: For better it is that thy children shouldwheel; and his thoughts are like a rolling seek to thee, than that thou shouldestaxletree. stand to their courtesy.6: A stallion horse is as a mocking friend, 22: In all thy works keep to thyself thehe neigheth under every one that sitteth preeminence; leave not a stain in thineupon him. honour.7: Why doth one day excel another, when 23: At the time when thou shalt end thyas all the light of every day in the year is of days, and finish thy life, distribute thinethe sun? inheritance.8: By the knowledge of the Lord they 24: Fodder, a wand, and burdens, are forwere distinguished: and he altered seasons the ass; and bread, correction, and work,and feasts. for a servant. .9: Some of them hath he made high days, 25: If thou set thy servant to labour, thouand hallowed them, and some of them shalt find rest: but if thou let him go idle,hath he made ordinary days. he shall seek liberty.10: And all men are from the ground, and 26: A yoke and a collar do bow the neck:Adam was created of earth: so are tortures and torments for an evil11: In much knowledge the Lord hath servant.divided them, and made their ways di- 27: Send him to labour, that he be notverse. idle; for idleness teacheth much evil.12: Some of them hath he blessed and 28: Set him to work, as is fit for him: if heexalted and some of them he sanctified, be not obedient, put on more heavy fet-and set near himself: but some of them ters.hath he cursed and brought low, and 29: But be not excessive toward any; andturned out of their places. without discretion do nothing.13: As the clay is in the potters hand, to 30: If thou have a servant, let him be untofashion it at his pleasure: so man is in the thee as thyself, because thou hast boughthand of him that made him, to render to him with a price.them as liketh him best. 31: If thou have a servant, entreat him as a14: Good is set against evil, and life brother: for thou hast need of him, as ofagainst death: so is the godly against the thine own soul: if thou entreat him evil,sinner, and the sinner against the godly. and he run from thee, which way wilt thou15: So look upon all the works of the go to seek him?most High; and there are two and two,one against another.16: I awaked up last of all, as one that CHAPTER 34gathereth after the grapegatherers: by theblessing of the Lord I profited, and tred The hopes of a man void of understand-my winepress like a gatherer of grapes. ing are vain and false: and dreams lift up17: Consider that I laboured not for my- fools.self only, but for all them that seek learn- 2: Whoso regardeth dreams is like himing. that catcheth at a shadow, and followeth18: Hear me, O ye great men of the peo- after the wind.ple, and hearken with your ears, ye rulers 3: The vision of dreams is the resemblance 125
  • of one thing to another, even as the like- leth the son before his fathers eyes.ness of a face to a face. 21: The bread of the needy is their life: he4: Of an unclean thing what can be that defraudeth him thereof is a man ofcleansed? and from that thing which is blood.false what truth can come? 22: He that taketh away his neighbours5: Divinations, and soothsayings, and living slayeth him; and he that defraudethdreams, are vain: and the heart fancieth, as the labourer of his hire is a bloodshedder.a womans heart in travail. 23: When one buildeth, and another pul-6: If they be not sent from the most High leth down, what profit have they then butin thy visitation, set not thy heart upon labour?them. 24: When one prayeth, and another7: For dreams have deceived many, and curseth, whose voice will the Lord hear?they have failed that put their trust in 25: He that washeth himself after thethem. touching of a dead body, if he touch it8: The law shall be found perfect without again, what availeth his washing?lies: and wisdom is perfection to a faithful 26: So is it with a man that fasteth for hismouth. sins, and goeth again, and doeth the same:9: A man that hath travelled knoweth who will hear his prayer? or what doth hismany things; and he that hath much ex- humbling profit him.perience will declare wisdom.10: He that hath no experience knowethlittle: but he that hath travelled is full of CHAPTER 35prudence.11: When I travelled, I saw many things; He that keepeth the law bringeth offer-and I understand more than I can express. ings enough: he that taketh heed to the12: I was ofttimes in danger of death: yet I commandment offereth a peace offering.was delivered because of these things. 2: He that requiteth a goodturn offereth13: The spirit of those that fear the Lord fine flour; and he that giveth alms sacri-shall live; for their hope is in him that ficeth praise.saveth them. 3: To depart from wickedness is a thing14: Whoso feareth the Lord shall not fear pleasing to the Lord; and to forsake un-nor be afraid; for he is his hope. righteousness is a propitiation.15: Blessed is the soul of him that feareth 4: Thou shalt not appear empty before thethe Lord: to whom doth he look? and Lord.who is his strength? 5: For all these things [are to be done]16: For the eyes of the Lord are upon because of the commandment.them that love him, he is their mighty 6: The offering of the righteous makethprotection and strong stay, a defence from the altar fat, and the sweet savour thereofheat, and a cover from the sun at noon, a is before the most High.preservation from stumbling, and an help 7: The sacrifice of a just man is acceptable.from falling. and the memorial thereof shall never be17: He raiseth up the soul, and lighteneth forgotten.the eyes: he giveth health, life, and bless- 8: Give the Lord his honour with a gooding. eye, and diminish not the firstfruits of18: He that sacrificeth of a thing wrong- thine hands.fully gotten, his offering is ridiculous; and 9: In all thy gifts shew a cheerful counte-the gifts of unjust men are not accepted. nance, and dedicate thy tithes with glad-19: The most High is not pleased with the ness.offerings of the wicked; neither is he paci- 10: Give unto the most High according asfied for sin by the multitude of sacrifices. he hath enriched thee; and as thou hast20: Whoso bringeth an offering of the gotten, give with a cheerful eye.goods of the poor doeth as one that kil- 11: For the Lord recompenseth, and will 126
  • give thee seven times as much. known thee, that there is no God but only12: Do not think to corrupt with gifts; for thou, O God.such he will not receive: and trust not to 6: Shew new signs, and make otherunrighteous sacrifices; for the Lord is strange wonders: glorify thy hand and thyjudge, and with him is no respect of per- right arm, that they may set forth thysons. wondrous works.13: He will not accept any person against a 7: Raise up indignation, and pour outpoor man, but will hear the prayer of the wrath: take away the adversary, and de-oppressed. stroy the enemy.14: He will not despise the supplication of 8: Sake the time short, remember thethe fatherless; nor the widow, when she covenant, and let them declare thy won-poureth out her complaint. derful works.15: Do not the tears run down the 9: Let him that escapeth be consumed bywidows cheeks? and is not her cry against the rage of the fire; and let them perishhim that causeth them to fall? that oppress the people.16: He that serveth the Lord shall be ac- 10: Smite in sunder the heads of the rulerscepted with favour, and his prayer shall of the heathen, that say, There is nonereach unto the clouds. other but we.17: The prayer of the humble pierceth the 11: Gather all the tribes of Jacob together,clouds: and till it come nigh, he will not be and inherit thou them, as from the begin-comforted; and will not depart, till the ning.most High shall behold to judge right- 12: O Lord, have mercy upon the peopleeously, and execute judgment. that is called by thy name, and upon Israel,18: For the Lord will not be slack, neither whom thou hast named thy firstborn.will the Mighty be patient toward them, 13: O be merciful unto Jerusalem, thy holytill he have smitten in sunder the loins of city, the place of thy rest.the unmerciful, and repayed vengeance to 14: Fill Sion with thine unspeakable ora-the heathen; till he have taken away the cles, and thy people with thy glory:multitude of the proud, and broken the 15: Give testimony unto those that thousceptre of the unrighteous; hast possessed from the beginning, and19: Till he have rendered to every man raise up prophets that have been in thyaccording to his deeds, and to the works name.of men according to their devices; till he 16: Reward them that wait for thee, andhave judged the cause of his people, and let thy prophets be found faithful.made them to rejoice in his mercy. 17: O Lord, hear the prayer of thy ser-20: Mercy is seasonable in the time of vants, according to the blessing of Aaronaffliction, as clouds of rain in the time of over thy people, that all they which dwelldrought. upon the earth may know that thou art the Lord, the eternal God. 18: The belly devoureth all meats, yet is CHAPTER 36 one meat better than another.Have mercy upon us, O Lord God of all, 19: As the palate tasteth divers kinds of venison: so doth an heart of understand-and behold us: ing false speeches.2: And send thy fear upon all the nations 20: A froward heart causeth heaviness: butthat seek not after thee. a man of experience will recompense him.3: Lift up thy hand against the strange 21: A woman will receive every man, yet isnations, and let them see thy power. one daughter better than another.4: As thou wast sanctified in us before 22: The beauty of a woman cheereth thethem: so be thou magnified among them countenance, and a man loveth nothingbefore us. better.5: And let them know thee, as we have 23: If there be kindness, meekness, and 127
  • comfort, in her tongue, then is not her 12: But be continually with a godly man,husband like other men. whom thou knowest to keep the com-24: He that getteth a wife beginneth a mandments of the Lord, whose, mind ispossession, a help like unto himself, and a according to thy mind, and will sorrowpillar of rest. with thee, if thou shalt miscarry.25: Where no hedge is, there the posses- 13: And let the counsel of thine own heartsion is spoiled: and he that hath no wife ] stand: for there is no man more faithfula man that hath no house, and lodgeth unto thee than it.wheresoever the night taketh him? 14: For a mans mind is sometime wont to tell him more than seven watchmen, that sit above in an high tower. CHAPTER 37 15: And above all this pray to the most High, that he will direct thy way in truth.Every friend saith, I am his friend also: 16: Let reason go before every enterprize,but there is a friend, which is only a friend and counsel before every action.in name. 17: The countenance is a sign of changing2: Is it not a grief unto death, when a of the heart.companion and friend is turned to an en- 18: Four manner of things appear: goodemy? and evil, life and death: but the tongue3: O wicked imagination, whence camest ruleth over them continually.thou in to cover the earth with deceit? 19: There is one that is wise and teacheth4: There is a companion, which rejoiceth many, and yet is unprofitable to himself.in the prosperity of a friend, but in the 20: There is one that sheweth wisdom intime of trouble will be against him. words, and is hated: he shall be destitute5: There is a companion, which helpeth of all food.his friend for the belly, and taketh up the 21: For grace is not given, him from thebuckler against the enemy. Lord, because he is deprived of all wis-6: Forget not thy friend in thy mind, and dom.be not unmindful of him in thy riches. 22: Another is wise to himself; and the7: Every counsellor extolleth counsel; but fruits of understanding are commendablethere is some that counselleth for himself. in his mouth.8: Beware of a counsellor, and know be- 23: A wise man instructeth his people; andfore what need he hath; for he will coun- the fruits of his understanding fail not.sel for himself; lest he cast the lot upon 24: A wise man shall be filled with bless-thee, ing; and all they that see him shall count9: And say unto thee, Thy way is good: him happy.and afterward he stand on the other side, 25: The days of the life of man may beto see what shall befall thee. numbered: but the days of Israel are innu-10: Consult not with one that suspecteth merable.thee: and hide thy counsel from such as 26: A wise man shall inherit glory amongenvy thee. his people, and his name shall be perpet-11: Neither consult with a woman touch- ual.ing her of whom she is jealous; neither 27: My son, prove thy soul in thy life, andwith a coward in matters of war; nor with see what is evil for it, and give not thata merchant concerning exchange; nor with unto it.a buyer of selling; nor with an envious 28: For all things are not profitable for allman of thankfulness; nor with an unmer- men, neither hath every soul pleasure inciful man touching kindness; nor with the every thing.slothful for any work; nor with an hireling 29: Be not unsatiable in any dainty thing,for a year of finishing work; nor with an nor too greedy upon meats:idle servant of much business: hearken 30: For excess of meats bringeth sickness,not unto these in any matter of counsel. and surfeiting will turn into choler. 128
  • 31: By surfeiting have many perished; but and neglect not his burial.he that taketh heed prolongeth his life. 17: Weep bitterly, and make great moan, and use lamentation, as he is worthy, and that a day or two, lest thou be evil spoken CHAPTER 38 of: and then comfort thyself for thy heavi-Honour a physician with the honour due ness. 18: For of heaviness cometh death, andunto him for the uses which ye may have the heaviness of the heart breakethof him: for the Lord hath created him. strength.2: For of the most High cometh healing, 19: In affliction also sorrow remaineth:and he shall receive honour of the king. and the life of the poor is the curse of the3: The skill of the physician shall lift up heart.his head: and in the sight of great men he 20: Take no heaviness to heart: drive itshall be in admiration. away, and member the last end.4: The Lord hath created medicines out of 21: Forget it not, for there is no turningthe earth; and he that is wise will not ab- again: thou shalt not do him good, buthor them. hurt thyself.5: Was not the water made sweet with 22: Remember my judgment: for thinewood, that the virtue thereof might be also shall be so; yesterday for me, and toknown? day for thee.6: And he hath given men skill, that he 23: When the dead is at rest, let his re-might be honoured in his marvellous membrance rest; and be comforted forworks. him, when his Spirit is departed from him.7: With such doth he heal [men,] and ta- 24: The wisdom of a learned man comethketh away their pains. by opportunity of leisure: and he that hath8: Of such doth the apothecary make a little business shall become wise.confection; and of his works there is no 25: How can he get wisdom that holdethend; and from him is peace over all the the plough, and that glorieth in the goad,earth, that driveth oxen, and is occupied in their9: My son, in thy sickness be not negli- labours, and whose talk is of bullocks?gent: but pray unto the Lord, and he will 26: He giveth his mind to make furrows;make thee whole. and is diligent to give the kine fodder.10: Leave off from sin, and order thine 27: So every carpenter and workmaster,hands aright, and cleanse thy heart from that laboureth night and day: and they thatall wickedness. cut and grave seals, and are diligent to11: Give a sweet savour, and a memorial make great variety, and give themselves toof fine flour; and make a fat offering, as counterfeit imagery, and watch to finish anot being. work:12: Then give place to the physician, for 28: The smith also sitting by the anvil, andthe Lord hath created him: let him not go considering the iron work, the vapour offrom thee, for thou hast need of him. the fire wasteth his flesh, and he fighteth13: There is a time when in their hands with the heat of the furnace: the noise ofthere is good success. the hammer and the anvil is ever in his14: For they shall also pray unto the Lord, ears, and his eyes look still upon the pat-that he would prosper that, which they tern of the thing that he maketh; he set-give for ease and remedy to prolong life. teth his mind to finish his work, and15: He that sinneth before his Maker, let watcheth to polish it perfectly:him fall into the hand of the physician. 29: So doth the potter sitting at his work,16: My son, let tears fall down over the and turning the wheel about with his feet,dead, and begin to lament, as if thou hadst who is always carefully set at his work, andsuffered great harm thyself; and then maketh all his work by number;cover his body according to the custom, 30: He fashioneth the clay with his arm, 129
  • and boweth down his strength before his 9: Many shall commend his understand-feet; he applieth himself to lead it over; ing; and so long as the world endureth, itand he is diligent to make clean the fur- shall not be blotted out; his memorial shallnace: not depart away, and his name shall live31: All these trust to their hands: and from generation to generation.every one is wise in his work. 10: Nations shall shew forth his wisdom,32: Without these cannot a city be inhab- and the congregation shall declare hisited: and they shall not dwell where they praise.will, nor go up and down: 11: If he die, he shall leave a greater name33: They shall not be sought for in publick than a thousand: and if he live, he shallcounsel, nor sit high in the congregation: increase it.they shall not sit on the judges seat, nor 12: Yet have I more to say, which I haveunderstand the sentence of judgment: they thought upon; for I am filled as the mooncannot declare justice and judgment; and at the full.they shall not be found where parables are 13: Hearken unto me, ye holy children,spoken. and bud forth as a rose growing by the34: But they will maintain the state of the brook of the field:world, and [all] their desire is in the work 14: And give ye a sweet savour as frankin-of their craft. cense, and flourish as a lily, send forth a smell, and sing a song of praise, bless the Lord in all his works. CHAPTER 39 15: Magnify his name, and shew forth his praise with the songs of your lips, andBut he that giveth his mind to the law of with harps, and in praising him ye shall saythe most High, and is occupied in the after this manner:meditation thereof, will seek out the wis- 16: All the works of the Lord are exceed-dom of all the ancient, and be occupied in ing good, and whatsoever he commandethprophecies. shall be accomplished in due season.2: He will keep the sayings of the re- 17: And none may say, What is this?nowned men: and where subtil parables wherefore is that? for at time convenientare, he will be there also. they shall all be sought out: at his com-3: He will seek out the secrets of grave mandment the waters stood as an heap,sentences, and be conversant in dark par- and at the words of his mouth the recep-ables. tacles of waters.4: He shall serve among great men, and 18: At his commandment is done whatso-appear before princes: he will travel ever pleaseth him; and none can hinder,through strange countries; for he hath when he will save.tried the good and the evil among men. 19: The works of all flesh are before him,5: He will give his heart to resort early to and nothing can be hid from his eyes.the Lord that made him, and will pray 20: He seeth from everlasting to everlast-before the most High, and will open his ing; and there is nothing wonderful beforemouth in prayer, and make supplication him.for his sins. 21: A man need not to say, What is this?6: When the great Lord will, he shall be wherefore is that? for he hath made allfilled with the spirit of understanding: he things for their uses.shall pour out wise sentences, and give 22: His blessing covered the dry land as athanks unto the Lord in his prayer. river, and watered it as a flood.7: He shall direct his counsel and knowl- 23: As he hath turned the waters into salt-edge, and in his secrets shall he meditate. ness: so shall the heathen inherit his8: He shall shew forth that which he hath wrath.learned, and shall glory in the law of the 24: As his ways are plain unto the holy; socovenant of the Lord. are they stumblingblocks unto the wicked. 130
  • 25: For the good are good things created crown, unto him that is clothed with afrom the beginning: so evil things for sin- linen frock.ners. 5: Wrath, and envy, trouble, and unquiet-26: The principal things for the whole use ness, fear of death, and anger, and strife,of mans life are water, fire, iron, and salt, and in the time of rest upon his bed hisflour of wheat, honey, milk, and the blood night sleep, do change his knowledge.of the grape, and oil, and clothing. 6: A little or nothing is his rest, and after-27: All these things are for good to the ward he is in his sleep, as in a day of keep-godly: so to the sinners they are turned ing watch, troubled in the vision of hisinto evil. heart, as if he were escaped out of a battle.28: There be spirits that are created for 7: When all is safe, he awaketh, and mar-vengeance, which in their fury lay on sore velleth that the fear was nothing.strokes; in the time of destruction they 8: [Such things happen] unto all flesh,pour out their force, and appease the both man and beast, and that is sevenfoldwrath of him that made them. more upon sinners.29: Fire, and hail, and famine, and death, 9: Death, and bloodshed, strife, andall these were created for vengeance; sword, calamities, famine, tribulation, and30: Teeth of wild beasts, and scorpions, the scourge;serpents, and the sword punishing the 10: These things are created for thewicked to destruction. wicked, and for their sakes came the31: They shall rejoice in his command- flood.ment, and they shall be ready upon earth, 11: All things that are of the earth shallwhen need is; and when their time is turn to the earth again: and that which iscome, they shall not transgress his word. of the waters doth return into the sea.32: Therefore from the beginning I was 12: All bribery and injustice shall be blot-resolved, and thought upon these things, ted out: but true dealing shall endure forand have left them in writing. ever.33: All the works of the Lord are good: 13: The goods of the unjust shall be driedand he will give every needful thing in due up like a river, and shall vanish with noise,season. like a great thunder in rain.34: So that a man cannot say, This is 14: While he openeth his hand he shallworse than that: for in time they shall all rejoice: so shall transgressors come tobe well approved. nought.35: And therefore praise ye the Lord with 15: The children of the ungodly shall notthe whole heart and mouth, and bless the bring forth many branches: but are asname of the Lord. unclean roots upon a hard rock. 16: The weed growing upon every water and bank of a river shall be pulled up be- CHAPTER 40 fore all grass.Great travail is created for every man, 17: Bountifulness is as a most fruitful gar- den, and mercifulness endureth for ever.and an heavy yoke is upon the sons of 18: To labour, and to be content with thatAdam, from the day that they go out of a man hath, is a sweet life: but he thattheir mothers womb, till the day that they findeth a treasure is above them both.return to the mother of all things. 19: Children and the building of a city2: Their imagination of things to come, continue a mans name: but a blamelessand the day of death, [trouble] their wife is counted above them both.thoughts, and [cause] fear of heart; 20: Wine and musick rejoice the heart: but3: From him that sitteth on a throne of the love of wisdom is above them both.glory, unto him that is humbled in earth 21: The pipe and the psaltery make sweetand ashes; melody: but a pleasant tongue is above4: From him that weareth purple and a them both. 131
  • 22: Thine eye desireth favour and beauty: the dwelling of the ungodly.but more than both corn while it is green. 6: The inheritance of sinners children23: A friend and companion never meet shall perish, and their posterity shall haveamiss: but above both is a wife with her a perpetual reproach.husband. 7: The children will complain of an un-24: Brethren and help are against time of godly father, because they shall be re-trouble: but alms shall deliver more than proached for his sake.them both. 8: Woe be unto you, ungodly men, which25: Gold and silver make the foot stand have forsaken the law of the most highsure: but counsel is esteemed above them God! for if ye increase, it shall be to yourboth. destruction:26: Riches and strength lift up the heart: 9: And if ye be born, ye shall be born to abut the fear of the Lord is above them curse: and if ye die, a curse shall be yourboth: there is no want in the fear of the portion.Lord, and it needeth not to seek help. 10: All that are of the earth shall turn to27: The fear of the Lord is a fruitful gar- earth again: so the ungodly shall go from aden, and covereth him above all glory. curse to destruction.28: My son, lead not a beggars life; for 11: The mourning of men is about theirbetter it is to die than to beg. bodies: but an ill name of sinners shall be29: The life of him that dependeth on blotted out.another mans table is not to be counted 12: Have regard to thy name; for that shallfor a life; for he polluteth himself with continue with thee above a thousand greatother mens meat: but a wise man well treasures of gold.nurtured will beware thereof. 13: A good life hath but few days: but a30: Begging is sweet in the mouth of the good name endureth for ever.shameless: but in his belly there shall burn 14: My children, keep discipline in peace:a fire. for wisdom that is hid, and a treasure that is not seen, what profit is in them both? 15: A man that hideth his foolishness is CHAPTER 41 better than a man that hideth his wisdom. 16: Therefore be shamefaced according toO death, how bitter is the remembrance my word: for it is not good to retain allof thee to a man that liveth at rest in his shamefacedness; neither is it altogetherpossessions, unto the man that hath noth- approved in every thing.ing to vex him, and that hath prosperity in 17: Be ashamed of whoredom before fa-all things: yea, unto him that is yet able to ther and mother: and of a lie before areceive meat! prince and a mighty man;2: O death, acceptable is thy sentence 18: Of an offence before a judge andunto the needy, and unto him whose ruler; of iniquity before a congregationstrength faileth, that is now in the last age, and people; of unjust dealing before thyand is vexed with all things, and to him partner and friend;that despaireth, and hath lost patience! 19: And of theft in regard of the place3: Fear not the sentence of death, remem- where thou sojournest, and in regard ofber them that have been before thee, and the truth of God and his covenant; and tothat come after; for this is the sentence of lean with thine elbow upon the meat; andthe Lord over all flesh. of scorning to give and take;4: And why art thou against the pleasure 20: And of silence before them that saluteof the most High? there is no inquisition thee; and to look upon an harlot;in the grave, whether thou have lived ten, 21: And to turn away thy face from thyor an hundred, or a thousand years. kinsman; or to take away a portion or a5: The children of sinners are abominable gift; or to gaze upon another mans wife.children, and they that are conversant in 22: Or to be overbusy with his maid, and 132
  • come not near her bed; or of upbraiding 12: Behold not every bodys beauty, andspeeches before friends; and after thou sit not in the midst of women.hast given, upbraid not; 13: For from garments cometh a moth,23: Or of iterating and speaking again that and from women wickedness.which thou hast heard; and of revealing of 14: Better is the churlishness of a mansecrets. than a courteous woman, a woman, I say,24: So shalt thou be truly shamefaced and which bringeth shame and reproach.find favour before all men. 15: I will now remember the works of the Lord, and declare the things that I have seen: In the words of the Lord are his CHAPTER 42 works.Of these things be not thou ashamed, 16: The sun that giveth light looketh upon all things, and the work thereof is full ofand accept no person to sin thereby: the glory of the Lord.2: Of the law of the most High, and his 17: The Lord hath not given power to thecovenant; and of judgment to justify the saints to declare all his marvellous works,ungodly; which the Almighty Lord firmly settled,3: Of reckoning with thy partners and that whatsoever is might be establishedtravellers; or of the gift of the heritage of for his glory.friends; 18: He seeketh out the deep, and the4: Of exactness of balance and weights; or heart, and considereth their crafty devices:of getting much or little; for the Lord knoweth all that may be5: And of merchants indifferent selling; of known, and he beholdeth the signs of themuch correction of children; and to make world.the side of an evil servant to bleed. 19: He declareth the things that are past,6: Sure keeping is good, where an evil wife and for to come, and revealeth the stepsis; and shut up, where many hands are. of hidden things.7: Deliver all things in number and weight; 20: No thought escapeth him, neither anyand put all in writing that thou givest out, word is hidden from him.or receivest in. 21: He hath garnished the excellent works8: Be not ashamed to inform the unwise of his wisdom, and he is from everlastingand foolish, and the extreme aged that to everlasting: unto him may nothing becontendeth with those that are young: added, neither can he be diminished, andthus shalt thou be truly learned, and ap- he hath no need of any counsellor.proved of all men living. 22: Oh how desirable are all his works!9: The father waketh for the daughter, and that a man may see even to a spark.when no man knoweth; and the care for 23: All these things live and remain forher taketh away sleep: when she is young, ever for all uses, and they are all obedient.lest she pass away the flower of her age; 24: All things are double one against an-and being married, lest she should be other: and he hath made nothing imper-hated: fect.10: In her virginity, lest she should be 25: One thing establisheth the good ordefiled and gotten with child in her fa- another: and who shall be filled with be-thers house; and having an husband, lest holding his glory?she should misbehave herself; and whenshe is married, lest she should be barren.11: Keep a sure watch over a shameless CHAPTER 43daughter, lest she make thee a laughing-stock to thine enemies, and a byword in The pride of the height, the clear firma-the city, and a reproach among the people, ment, the beauty of heaven, with his glori-and make thee ashamed before the multi- ous shew;tude. 2: The sun when it appeareth, declaring at 133
  • his rising a marvellous instrument, the on the earth, and being congealed, it liethwork of the most High: on the top of sharp stakes.3: At noon it parcheth the country, and 20: When the cold north wind bloweth,who can abide the burning heat thereof? and the water is congealed into ice, it abi-4: A man blowing a furnace is in works of deth upon every gathering together ofheat, but the sun burneth the mountains water, and clotheth the water as with athree times more; breathing out fiery va- breastplate.pours, and sending forth bright beams, it 21: It devoureth the mountains, and bur-dimmeth the eyes. neth the wilderness, and consumeth the5: Great is the Lord that made it; and at grass as fire.his commandment runneth hastily. 22: A present remedy of all is a mist com-6: He made the moon also to serve in her ing speedily, a dew coming after heat re-season for a declaration of times, and a fresheth.sign of the world. 23: By his counsel he appeaseth the deep,7: From the moon is the sign of feasts, a and planteth islands therein.light that decreaseth in her perfection. 24: They that sail on the sea tell of the8: The month is called after her name, danger thereof; and when we hear it withincreasing wonderfully in her changing, our ears, we marvel thereat.being an instrument of the armies above, 25: For therein be strange and wondrousshining in the firmament of heaven; works, variety of all kinds of beasts and9: The beauty of heaven, the glory of the whales created.stars, an ornament giving light in the high- 26: By him the end of them hath prosper-est places of the Lord. ous success, and by his word all things10: At the commandment of the Holy consist.One they will stand in their order, and 27: We may speak much, and yet comenever faint in their watches. short: wherefore in sum, he is all.11: Look upon the rainbow, and praise 28: How shall we be able to magnify him?him that made it; very beautiful it is in the for he is great above all his works.brightness thereof. 29: The Lord is terrible and very great,12: It compasseth the heaven about with a and marvellous is his power.glorious circle, and the hands of the most 30: When ye glorify the Lord, exalt him asHigh have bended it. much as ye can; for even yet will he far13: By his commandment he maketh the exceed: and when ye exalt him, put forthsnow to fall aplace, and sendeth swiftly all your strength, and be not weary; for yethe lightnings of his judgment. can never go far enough.14: Through this the treasures are opened: 31: Who hath seen him, that he might telland clouds fly forth as fowls. us? and who can magnify him as he is?15: By his great power he maketh the 32: There are yet hid greater things thanclouds firm, and the hailstones are broken these be, for we have seen but a few of hissmall. works.16: At his sight the mountains are shaken, 33: For the Lord hath made all things; andand at his will the south wind bloweth. to the godly hath he given wisdom.17: The noise of the thunder maketh theearth to tremble: so doth the northernstorm and the whirlwind: as birds flyinghe scattereth the snow, and the fallingdown thereof is as the lighting of grass- CHAPTER 44hoppers:18: The eye marvelleth at the beauty of the Let us now praise famous men, and ourwhiteness thereof, and the heart is aston- fathers that begat us.ished at the raining of it. 2: The Lord hath wrought great glory by19: The hoarfrost also as salt he poureth them through his great power from the 134
  • beginning. and was in covenant with him: he estab-3: Such as did bear rule in their kingdoms, lished the covenant in his flesh; and whenmen renowned for their power, giving he was proved, he was found faithful.counsel by their understanding, and de- 21: Therefore he assured him by an oath,claring prophecies: that he would bless the nations in his seed,4: Leaders of the people by their counsels, and that he would multiply him as theand by their knowledge of learning meet dust of the earth, and exalt his seed as thefor the people, wise and eloquent are their stars, and cause them to inherit from seainstructions: to sea, and from the river unto the utmost5: Such as found out musical tunes, and part of the land.recited verses in writing: 22: With Isaac did he establish likewise6: Rich men furnished with ability, living [for Abraham his fathers sake] the bless-peaceably in their habitations: ing of all men, and the covenant, And7: All these were honoured in their gen- made it rest upon the head of Jacob. Heerations, and were the glory of their times. acknowledged him in his blessing, and8: There be of them, that have left a name gave him an heritage, and divided his por-behind them, that their praises might be tions; among the twelve tribes did he partreported. them.9: And some there be, which have no me-morial; who are perished, as though theyhad never been; and are become as CHAPTER 45though they had never been born; andtheir children after them. And he brought out of him a merciful10: But these were merciful men, whose man, which found favour in the sight ofrighteousness hath not been forgotten. all flesh, even Moses, beloved of God and11: With their seed shall continually re- men, whose memorial is blessed.main a good inheritance, and their chil- 2: He made him like to the glorious saints,dren are within the covenant. and magnified him, so that his enemies12: Their seed standeth fast, and their stood in fear of him.children for their sakes. 3: By his words he caused the wonders to13: Their seed shall remain for ever, and cease, and he made him glorious in thetheir glory shall not be blotted out. sight of kings, and gave him a command-14: Their bodies are buried in peace; but ment for his people, and shewed him parttheir name liveth for evermore. of his glory.15: The people will tell of their wisdom, 4: He sanctified him in his faithfuless andand the congregation will shew forth their meekness, and chose him out of all men.praise. 5: He made him to hear his voice, and16: Enoch pleased the Lord, and was brought him into the dark cloud, and gavetranslated, being an example of repentance him commandments before his face, evento all generations. the law of life and knowledge, that he17: Noah was found perfect and right- might teach Jacob his covenants, and Is-eous; in the time of wrath he was taken in rael his judgments.exchange [for the world;] therefore was he 6: He exalted Aaron, an holy man likeleft as a remnant unto the earth, when the unto him, even his brother, of the tribe offlood came. Levi.18: An everlasting covenant was made 7: An everlasting covenant he made withwith him, that all flesh should perish no him and gave him the priesthood amongmore by the flood. the people; he beautified him with comely19: Abraham was a great father of many ornaments, and clothed him with a robepeople: in glory was there none like unto of glory.him; 8: He put upon him perfect glory; and20: Who kept the law of the most High, strengthened him with rich garments, with 135
  • breeches, with a long robe, and the ephod. 20: But he made Aaron more honourable,9: And he compassed him with pomegran- and gave him an heritage, and dividedates, and with many golden bells round unto him the firstfruits of the increase;about, that as he went there might be a especially he prepared bread in abun-sound, and a noise made that might be dance:heard in the temple, for a memorial to the 21: For they eat of the sacrifices of thechildren of his people; Lord, which he gave unto him and his10: With an holy garment, with gold, and seed.blue silk, and purple, the work of the em- 22: Howbeit in the land of the people hebroiderer, with a breastplate of judgment, had no inheritance, neither had he anyand with Urim and Thummim; portion among the people: for the Lord11: With twisted scarlet, the work of the himself is his portion and inheritance.cunning workman, with precious stones 23: The third in glory is Phinees the songraven like seals, and set in gold, the work of Eleazar, because he had zeal in the fearof the jeweller, with a writing engraved for of the Lord, and stood up with good cour-a memorial, after the number of the tribes age of heart: when the people were turnedof Israel. back, and made reconciliation for Israel.12: He set a crown of gold upon the mitre, 24: Therefore was there a covenant ofwherein was engraved Holiness, an orna- peace made with him, that he should bement of honour, a costly work, the desires the chief of the sanctuary and of his peo-of the eyes, goodly and beautiful. ple, and that he and his posterity should13: Before him there were none such, have the dignity of the priesthood forneither did ever any stranger put them on, ever:but only his children and his childrens 25: According to the covenant made withchildren perpetually. David son of Jesse, of the tribe of Juda,14: Their sacrifices shall be wholly con- that the inheritance of the king should besumed every day twice continually. to his posterity alone: so the inheritance of15: Moses consecrated him, and anointed Aaron should also be unto his seed.him with holy oil: this was appointed unto 26: God give you wisdom in your heart tohim by an everlasting covenant, and to his judge his people in righteousness, thatseed, so long as the heavens should re- their good things be not abolished, andmain, that they should minister unto him, that their glory may endure for ever.and execute the office of the priesthood,and bless the people in his name.16: He chose him out of all men living to CHAPTER 46offer sacrifices to the Lord, incense, and asweet savour, for a memorial, to make Jesus the son a Nave was valiant in thereconciliation for his people. wars, and was the successor of Moses in17: He gave unto him his commandments, prophecies, who according to his nameand authority in the statutes of judgments, was made great for the saving of the electthat he should teach Jacob the testimo- of God, and taking vengeance of the ene-nies, and inform Israel in his laws. mies that rose up against them, that he18: Strangers conspired together against might set Israel in their inheritance.him, and maligned him in the wilderness, 2: How great glory gat he, when he did lifteven the men that were of Dathans and up his hands, and stretched out his swordAbirons side, and the congregation of against the cities!Core, with fury and wrath. 3: Who before him so stood to it? for the19: This the Lord saw, and it displeased Lord himself brought his enemies untohim, and in his wrathful indignation were him.they consumed: he did wonders upon 4: Did not the sun go back by his means?them, to consume them with the fiery and was not one day as long as two?flame. 5: He called upon the most high Lord, 136
  • when the enemies pressed upon him on 19: And before his long sleep he madeevery side; and the great Lord heard him. protestations in the sight of the Lord and6: And with hailstones of mighty power he his anointed, I have not taken any mansmade the battle to fall violently upon the goods, so much as a shoe: and no man didnations, and in the descent [of Beth- accuse him.horon] he destroyed them that resisted, 20: And after his death he prophesied, andthat the nations might know all their shewed the king his end, and lifted up hisstrength, because he fought in the sight of voice from the earth in prophecy, to blotthe Lord, and he followed the Mighty out the wickedness of the people.One.7: In the time of Moses also he did a workof mercy, he and Caleb the son of CHAPTER 47Jephunne, in that they withstood the con-gregation, and withheld the people from And after him rose up Nathan to proph-sin, and appeased the wicked murmuring. esy in the time of David.8: And of six hundred thousand people on 2: As is the fat taken away from the peacefoot, they two were preserved to bring offering, so was David chosen out of thethem in to the heritage, even unto the land children of Israel.that floweth with milk and honey. 3: He played with lions as with kids, and9: The Lord gave strength also unto with bears as with lambs.Caleb, which remained with him unto his 4: Slew he not a giant, when he was yetold age: so that he entered upon the high but young? and did he not take away re-places of the land, and his seed obtained it proach from the people, when he lifted upfor an heritage: his hand with the stone in the sling, and10: That all the children of Israel might beat down the boasting of Goliath?see that it is good to follow the Lord. 5: For he called upon the most high Lord;11: And concerning the judges, every one and he gave him strength in his right handby name, whose heart went not a whoring, to slay that mighty warrior, and set up thenor departed from the Lord, let their horn of his people.memory be blessed. 6: So the people honoured him with ten12: Let their bones flourish out of their thousands, and praised him in the bless-place, and let the name of them that were ings of the Lord, in that he gave him ahonoured be continued upon their chil- crown of glory.dren. 7: For he destroyed the enemies on every13: Samuel, the prophet of the Lord, be- side, and brought to nought the Philistinesloved of his Lord, established a kingdom, his adversaries, and brake their horn inand anointed princes over his people. sunder unto this day.14: By the law of the Lord he judged the 8: In all his works he praised the Holycongregation, and the Lord had respect One most high with words of glory; withunto Jacob. his whole heart he sung songs, and loved15: By his faithfulness he was found a true him that made him.prophet, and by his word he was known 9: He set singers also before the altar, thatto be faithful in vision. by their voices they might make sweet16: He called upon the mighty Lord, when melody, and daily sing praises in theirhis enemies pressed upon him on every songs.side, when he offered the sucking lamb. 10: He beautified their feasts, and set in17: And the Lord thundered from heaven, order the solemn times until the end, thatand with a great noise made his voice to they might praise his holy name, and thatbe heard. the temple might sound from morning.18: And he destroyed the rulers of the 11: The Lord took away his sins, and ex-Tyrians, and all the princes cf the Philis- alted his horn for ever: he gave him atines. covenant of kings, and a throne of glory in 137
  • Israel. CHAPTER 4812: After him rose up a wise son, and forhis sake he dwelt at large. Then stood up Elias the prophet as fire,13: Solomon reigned in a peaceable time, and his word burned like a lamp.and was honoured; for God made all quiet 2: He brought a sore famine upon them,round about him, that he might build an and by his zeal he diminished their num-house in his name, and prepare his sanctu- ber.ary for ever. 3: By the word of the Lord he shut up the14: How wise wast thou in thy youth and, heaven, and also three times broughtas a flood, filled with understanding! down fire.15: Thy soul covered the whole earth, and 4: O Elias, how wast thou honoured inthou filledst it with dark parables. thy wondrous deeds! and who may glory16: Thy name went far unto the islands; like unto thee!and for thy peace thou wast beloved. 5: Who didst raise up a dead man from17: The countries marvelled at thee for thy death, and his soul from the place of thesongs, and proverbs, and parables, and dead, by the word of the most High:interpretations. 6: Who broughtest kings to destruction,18: By the name of the Lord God, which and honorable men from their bed:is called the Lord God of Israel, thou 7: Who heardest the rebuke of the Lord indidst gather gold as tin and didst multiply Sinai, and in Horeb the judgment ofsilver as lead. vengeance:19: Thou didst bow thy loins unto 8: Who annointedst kings to take revenge,women, and by thy body thou wast and prophets to succeed after him:brought into subjection. 9: Who was taken up in a whirlwind of20: Thou didst stain thy honour, and pol- fire, and in a chariot of fiery horses:lute thy seed: so that thou broughtest 10: Who wast ordained for reproofs inwrath upon thy children, and wast grieved their times, to pacify the wrath of thefor thy folly. Lords judgment, before it brake forth into21: So the kingdom was divided, and out fury, and to turn the heart of the fatherof Ephraim ruled a rebellious kingdom. unto the son, and to restore the tribes of22: But the Lord will never leave off his Jacob.mercy, neither shall any of his works per- 11: Blessed are they that saw thee, andish, neither will he abolish the posterity of slept in love; for we shall surely live.his elect, and the seed of him that loveth 12: Elias it was, who was covered with ahim he will not take away: wherefore he whirlwind: and Eliseus was filled with hisgave a remnant unto Jacob, and out of spirit: whilst he lived, he was not movedhim a root unto David. with the presence of any prince, neither23: Thus rested Solomon with his fathers, could any bring him into subjection.and of his seed he left behind him Ro- 13: No word could overcome him; andboam, even the foolishness of the people, after his death his body prophesied.and one that had no understanding, who 14: He did wonders in his life, and at histurned away the people through his coun- death were his works marvellous.sel. There was also Jeroboam the son of 15: For all this the people repented not,Nebat, who caused Israel to sin, and neither departed they from their sins, tillshewed Ephraim the way of sin: they were spoiled and carried out of their24: And their sins were multiplied exceed- land, and were scattered through all theingly, that they were driven out of the earth: yet there remained a small people,land. and a ruler in the house of David:25: For they sought out all wickedness, till 16: Of whom some did that which wasthe vengeance came upon them. pleasing to God, and some multiplied sins. 17: Ezekias fortified his city, and brought in water into the midst thereof: he digged 138
  • the hard rock with iron, and made wells theless was a prophet, sanctified in hisfor waters. mothers womb, that he might root out,18: In his time Sennacherib came up, and and afflict, and destroy; and that he mightsent Rabsaces, and lifted up his hand build up also, and plant.against Sion, and boasted proudly. 8: It was Ezekiel who saw the glorious19: Then trembled their hearts and hands, vision, which was shewed him upon theand they were in pain, as women in travail. chariot of the cherubims.20: But they called upon the Lord which is 9: For he made mention of the enemiesmerciful, and stretched out their hands under the figure of the rain, and directedtoward him: and immediately the Holy them that went right.One heard them out of heaven, and deliv- 10: And of the twelve prophets let theered them by the ministry of Esay. memorial be blessed, and let their bones21: He smote the host of the Assyrians, flourish again out of their place: for theyand his angel destroyed them. comforted Jacob, and delivered them by22: For Ezekias had done the thing that assured hope.pleased the Lord, and was strong in the 11: How shall we magnify Zorobabel?ways of David his father, as Esay the even he was as a signet on the right hand:prophet, who was great and faithful in his 12: So was Jesus the son of Josedec: whovision, had commanded him. in their time builded the house, and set up23: In his time the sun went backward, an holy temple to the Lord, which wasand he lengthened the kings life. prepared for everlasting glory.24: He saw by an excellent spirit what 13: And among the elect was Neemias,should come to pass at the last, and he whose renown is great, who raised up forcomforted them that mourned in Sion. us the walls that were fallen, and set up25: He shewed what should come to pass the gates and the bars, and raised up ourfor ever, and secret things or ever they ruins again.came. 14: But upon the earth was no man cre- ated like Enoch; for he was taken from the earth. CHAPTER 49 15: Neither was there a young man born like Joseph, a governor of his brethren, aThe remembrance of Josias is like the stay of the people, whose bones were re-composition of the perfume that is made garded of the Lord.by the art of the apothecary: it is sweet as 16: Sem and Seth were in great honourhoney in all mouths, and as musick at a among men, and so was Adam abovebanquet of wine. every living thing in creation.2: He behaved himself uprightly in theconversion of the people, and took awaythe abominations of iniquity. CHAPTER 503: He directed his heart unto the Lord,and in the time of the ungodly he estab- Simon the high priest, the son of Onias,lished the worship of God. who in his life repaired the house again,4: All, except David and Ezekias and and in his days fortified the temple:Josias, were defective: for they forsook the 2: And by him was built from the founda-law of the most High, even the kings of tion the double height, the high fortress ofJuda failed. the wall about the temple:5: Therefore he gave their power unto 3: In his days the cistern to receive water,others, and their glory to a strange nation. being in compass as the sea, was covered6: They burnt the chosen city of the sanc- with plates of brass:tuary, and made the streets desolate, ac- 4: He took care of the temple that itcording to the prophecy of Jeremias. should not fall, and fortified the city7: For they entreated him evil, who never- against besieging: 139
  • 5: How was he honoured in the midst of most High, by prayer before him that isthe people in his coming out of the sanc- merciful, till the solemnity of the Lord wastuary! ended, and they had finished his service.6: He was as the morning star in the midst 20: Then he went down, and lifted up hisof a cloud, and as the moon at the full: hands over the whole congregation of the7: As the sun shining upon the temple of children of Israel, to give the blessing ofthe most High, and as the rainbow giving the Lord with his lips, and to rejoice in hislight in the bright clouds: name.8: And as the flower of roses in the spring 21: And they bowed themselves down toof the year, as lilies by the rivers of waters, worship the second time, that they mightand as the branches of the frankincense receive a blessing from the most High.tree in the time of summer: 22: Now therefore bless ye the God of all,9: As fire and incense in the censer, and as which only doeth wondrous things everya vessel of beaten gold set with all manner where, which exalteth our days from theof precious stones: womb, and dealeth with us according to10: And as a fair olive tree budding forth his mercy.fruit, and as a cypress tree which groweth 23: He grant us joyfulness of heart, andup to the clouds. that peace may be in our days in Israel for11: When he put on the robe of honour, ever:and was clothed with the perfection of 24: That he would confirm his mercy withglory, when he went up to the holy altar, us, and deliver us at his time!he made the garment of holiness honour- 25: There be two manner of nationsable. which my heart abhorreth, and the third is12: When he took the portions out of the no nation:priests hands, he himself stood by the 26: They that sit upon the mountain ofhearth of the altar, compassed about, as a Samaria, and they that dwell among theyoung cedar in Libanus; and as palm trees Philistines, and that foolish people thatcompassed they him round about. dwell in Sichem.13: So were all the sons of Aaron in their 27: Jesus the son of Sirach of Jerusalemglory, and the oblations of the Lord in hath written in this book the instructiontheir hands, before all the congregation of of understanding and knowledge, who outIsrael. of his heart poured forth wisdom.14: And finishing the service at the altar, 28: Blessed is he that shall be exercised inthat he might adorn the offering of the these things; and he that layeth them up inmost high Almighty, his heart shall become wise.15: He stretched out his hand to the cup, 29: For if he do them, he shall be strongand poured of the blood of the grape, he to all things: for the light of the Lordpoured out at the foot of the altar a leadeth him, who giveth wisdom to thesweetsmelling savour unto the most high godly. Blessed be the name of the LordKing of all. for ever. Amen, Amen.16: Then shouted the sons of Aaron, andsounded the silver trumpets, and made agreat noise to be heard, for a remem- CHAPTER 51brance before the most High.17: Then all the people together hasted, I will thank thee, O Lord and King, andand fell down to the earth upon their faces praise thee, O God my Saviour: I do giveto worship their Lord God Almighty, the praise unto thy name:most High. 2: For thou art my defender and helper,18: The singers also sang praises with their and has preserved my body from destruc-voices, with great variety of sounds was tion, and from the snare of the slanderousthere made sweet melody. tongue, and from the lips that forge lies,19: And the people besought the Lord, the and has been mine helper against mine 140
  • adversaries: 18: For I purposed to do after her, and3: And hast delivered me, according to the earnestly I followed that which is good; somultitude of they mercies and greatness of shall I not be confounded.thy name, from the teeth of them that 19: My soul hath wrestled with her, and inwere ready to devour me, and out of the my doings I was exact: I stretched forthhands of such as sought after my life, and my hands to the heaven above, and be-from the manifold afflictions which I had; wailed my ignorances of her.4: From the choking of fire on every side, 20: I directed my soul unto her, and Iand from the midst of the fire which I found her in pureness: I have had mykindled not; heart joined with her from the beginning,5: From the depth of the belly of hell, therefore shall I not be foresaken.from an unclean tongue, and from lying 21: My heart was troubled in seeking her:words. therefore have I gotten a good possession.6: By an accusation to the king from an 22: The Lord hath given me a tongue forunrighteous tongue my soul drew near my reward, and I will praise himeven unto death, my life was near to the therewith.hell beneath. 23: Draw near unto me, ye unlearned, and7: They compassed me on every side, and dwell in the house of learning.there was no man to help me: I looked for 24: Wherefore are ye slow, and what saythe succour of men, but there was none. ye to these things, seeing your souls are8: Then thought I upon thy mercy, O very thirsty?Lord, and upon thy acts of old, how thou 25: I opened my mouth, and said, Buy herdeliverest such as wait for thee, and savest for yourselves without money.them out of the hands of the enemies. 26: Put your neck under the yoke, and let9: Then lifted I up my supplications from your soul receive instruction: she is hard atthe earth, and prayed for deliverance from hand to find.death. 27: Behold with your eyes, how that I10: I called upon the Lord, the Father of have but little labour, and have gottenmy Lord, that he would not leave me in unto me much rest.the days of my trouble, and in the time of 28: Get learning with a great sum ofthe proud, when there was no help. money, and get much gold by her.11: I will praise thy name continually, and 29: Let your soul rejoice in his mercy, andwill sing praises with thanksgiving; and so be not ashamed of his praise.my prayer was heard: 30: Work your work betimes, and in his12: For thou savedst me from destruction, time he will give you your reward.and deliveredst me from the evil time:therefore will I give thanks, and praisethee, and bless they name, O Lord.13: When I was yet young, or ever I wentabroad, I desired wisdom openly in myprayer.14: I prayed for her before the temple, andwill seek her out even to the end.15: Even from the flower till the grapewas ripe hath my heart delighted in her:my foot went the right way, from myyouth up sought I after her.16: I bowed down mine ear a little, andreceived her, and gat much learning.17: I profited therein, therefore will I as-cribe glory unto him that giveth me wis-dom. 141
  • Baruch, With the Epistle of Jeremiah donosor king of Babylon, and for the lifeAnd these are the words of the book, of Balthasar his son, that their days maywhich Baruch the son of Nerias, the son be upon earth as the days of heaven:of Maasias, the son of Sedecias, the son of 12: And the Lord will give us strength,Asadias, the son of Chelcias, wrote in and lighten our eyes, and we shall liveBabylon, under the shadow of Nabuchodonosor2: In the fifth year, and in the seventh day king of Babylon, and under the shadow ofof the month, what time as the Chaldeans Balthasar his son, and we shall serve themtook Jerusalem, and burnt it with fire. many days, and find favour in their sight.3: And Baruch did read the words of this 13: Pray for us also unto the Lord ourbook in the hearing of Jechonias the son God, for we have sinned against the Lordof Joachim king of Juda, and in the ears of our God; and unto this day the fury of theall the people that came to hear the book, Lord and his wrath is not turned from us.4: And in the hearing of the nobles, and of 14: And ye shall read this book which wethe kings sons, and in the hearing of the have sent unto you, to make confession inelders, and of all the people, from the the house of the Lord, upon the feasts andlowest unto the highest, even of all them solemn days.that dwelt at Babylon by the river Sud. 15: And ye shall say, To the Lord our God5: Whereupon they wept, fasted, and belongeth righteousness, but unto us theprayed before the Lord. confusion of faces, as it is come to pass6: They made also a collection of money this day, unto them of Juda, and to theaccording to every mans power: inhabitants of Jerusalem,7: And they sent it to Jerusalem unto 16: And to our kings, and to our princes,Joachim the high priest, the son of Chel- and to our priests, and to our prophets,cias, son of Salom, and to the priests, and and to our fathers:to all the people which were found with 17: For we have sinned before the Lord,him at Jerusalem, 18: And disobeyed him, and have not8: At the same time when he received the hearkened unto the voice of the Lord ourvessels of the house of the Lord, that were God, to walk in the commandments thatcarried out of the temple, to return them he gave us openly:into the land of Juda, the tenth day of the 19: Since the day that the Lord broughtmonth Sivan, namely, silver vessels, which our forefathers out of the land of Egypt,Sedecias the son of Josias king of Jada had unto this present day, we have been dis-made, obedient unto the Lord our God, and we9: After that Nabuchodonosor king of have been negligent in not hearing hisBabylon had carried away Jechonias, and voice.the princes, and the captives, and the 20: Wherefore the evils cleaved unto us,mighty men, and the people of the land, and the curse, which the Lord appointedfrom Jerusalem, and brought them unto by Moses his servant at the time that heBabylon. brought our fathers out of the land of10: And they said, Behold, we have sent Egypt, to give us a land that floweth withyou money to buy you burnt offerings, milk and honey, like as it is to see this day.and sin offerings, and incense, and pre- 21: Nevertheless we have not hearkenedpare ye manna, and offer upon the altar of unto the voice of the Lord our God, ac-the Lord our God; cording unto all the words of the proph-11: And pray for the life of Nabucho- 142
  • ets, whom he sent unto us: and with signs, and with wonders, and22: But every man followed the imagina- with great power, and hast gotten thyself ation of his own wicked heart, to serve name, as appeareth this day:strange gods, and to do evil in the sight of 12: O Lord our God, we have sinned, wethe Lord our God. have done ungodly, we have dealt unright- eously in all thine ordinances. 13: Let thy wrath turn from us: for we are CHAPTER 2 but a few left among the heathen, where thou hast scattered us.Therefore the Lord hath made good his 14: Hear our prayers, O Lord, and ourword, which he pronounced against us, petitions, and deliver us for thine ownand against our judges that judged Israel, sake, and give us favour in the sight ofand against our kings, and against our them which have led us away:princes, and against the men of Israel and 15: That all the earth may know that thouJuda, art the Lord our God, because Israel and2: To bring upon us great plagues, such as his posterity is called by thy name.never happened under the whole heaven, 16: O Lord, look down from thine holyas it came to pass in Jerusalem, according house, and consider us: bow down thineto the things that were written in the law ear, O Lord, to hear us.of Moses; 17: Open thine eyes, and behold; for the3: That a man should eat the flesh of his dead that are in the graves, whose soulsown son, and the flesh of his own daugh- are taken from their bodies, will give untoter. the Lord neither praise nor righteousness:4: Moreover he hath delivered them to be 18: But the soul that is greatly vexed,in subjection to all the kingdoms that are which goeth stooping and feeble, and theround about us, to be as a reproach and eyes that fail, and the hungry soul, willdesolation among all the people round give thee praise and righteousness, Oabout, where the Lord hath scattered Lord.them. 19: Therefore we do not make our humble5: Thus we were cast down, and not ex- supplication before thee, O Lord ouralted, because we have sinned against the God, for the righteousness of our fathers,Lord our God, and have not been obedi- and of our kings.ent unto his voice. 20: For thou hast sent out thy wrath and6: To the Lord our God appertaineth indignation upon us, as thou hast spokenrighteousness: but unto us and to our fa- by thy servants the prophets, saying,thers open shame, as appeareth this day. 21: Thus saith the Lord, Bow down your7: For all these plagues are come upon us, shoulders to serve the king of Babylon: sowhich the Lord hath pronounced against shall ye remain in the land that I gave untous your fathers.8: Yet have we not prayed before the 22: But if ye will not hear the voice of theLord, that we might turn every one from Lord, to serve the king of Babylon,the imaginations of his wicked heart. 23: I will cause to cease out of the cites of9: Wherefore the Lord watched over us Judah, and from without Jerusalem, thefor evil, and the Lord hath brought it voice of mirth, and the voice of joy, theupon us: for the Lord is righteous in all voice of the bridegroom, and the voice ofhis works which he hath commanded us. the bride: and the whole land shall be10: Yet we have not hearkened unto his desolate of inhabitants.voice, to walk in the commandments of 24: But we would not hearken unto thythe Lord, that he hath set before us. voice, to serve the king of Babylon: there-11: And now, O Lord God of Israel, that fore hast thou made good the words thathast brought thy people out of the land of thou spakest by thy servants the prophets,Egypt with a mighty hand, and high arm, namely, that the bones of our kings, and 143
  • the bones of our fathers, should be taken 2: Hear, O Lord, and have mercy; for thouout of their place. art merciful: and have pity upon us, be-25: And, lo, they are cast out to the heat cause we have sinned before thee.of the day, and to the frost of the night, 3: For thou endurest for ever, and weand they died in great miseries by famine, perish utterly.by sword, and by pestilence. 4: O Lord Almighty, thou God of Israel,26: And the house which is called by thy hear now the prayers of the dead Israel-name hast thou laid waste, as it is to be ites, and of their children, which haveseen this day, for the wickedness of the sinned before thee, and not hearkenedhouse of Israel and the house of Juda. unto the voice of thee their God: for the27: O Lord our God, thou hast dealt with which cause these plagues cleave unto us.us after all thy goodness, and according to 5: Remember not the iniquities of ourall that great mercy of thine, forefathers: but think upon thy power and28: As thou spakest by thy servant Moses thy name now at this time.in the day when thou didst command him 6: For thou art the Lord our God, andto write the law before the children of thee, O Lord, will we praise.Israel, saying, 7: And for this cause thou hast put thy29: If ye will not hear my voice, surely this fear in our hearts, to the intent that wevery great multitude shall be turned into a should call upon thy name, and praise theesmall number among the nations, where I in our captivity: for we have called towill scatter them. mind all the iniquity of our forefathers,30: For I knew that they would not hear that sinned before thee.me, because it is a stiffnecked people: but 8: Behold, we are yet this day in our cap-in the land of their captivities they shall tivity, where thou hast scattered us, for aremember themselves. reproach and a curse, and to be subject to31: And shall know that I am the Lord payments, according to all the iniquities oftheir God: for I will give them an heart, our fathers, which departed from the Lordand ears to hear: our God.32: And they shall praise me in the land of 9: Hear, Israel, the commandments of life:their captivity, and think upon my name, give ear to understand wisdom.33: And return from their stiff neck, and 10: How happeneth it Israel, that thou artfrom their wicked deeds: for they shall in thine enemies land, that thou art waxenremember the way of their fathers, which old in a strange country, that thou art de-sinned before the Lord. filed with the dead,34: And I will bring them again into the 11: That thou art counted with them thatland which I promised with an oath unto go down into the grave?their fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, 12: Thou hast forsaken the fountain ofand they shall be lords of it: and I will wisdom.increase them, and they shall not be di- 13: For if thou hadst walked in the way ofminished. God, thou shouldest have dwelled in35: And I will make an everlasting cove- peace for ever.nant with them to be their God, and they 14: Learn where is wisdom, where isshall be my people: and I will no more strength, where is understanding; thatdrive my people of Israel out of the land thou mayest know also where is length ofthat I have given them. days, and life, where is the light of the eyes, and peace. 15: Who hath found out her place? or CHAPTER 3 who hath come into her treasures ? 16: Where are the princes of the heathenO Lord Almighty, God of Israel, the soul become, and such as ruled the beastsin anguish the troubled spirit, crieth unto upon the earth;thee. 17: They that had their pastime with the 144
  • fowls of the air, and they that hoarded up with fear.silver and gold, wherein men trust, and 34: The stars shined in their watches, andmade no end of their getting? rejoiced: when he calleth them, they say,18: For they that wrought in silver, and Here we be; and so with cheerfulness theywere so careful, and whose works are un- shewed light unto him that made them.searchable, 35: This is our God, and there shall none19: They are vanished and gone down to other be accounted of in comparison ofthe grave, and others are come up in their himsteads. 36: He hath found out all the way of20: Young men have seen light, and dwelt knowledge, and hath given it unto Jacobupon the earth: but the way of knowledge his servant, and to Israel his beloved.have they not known, 37: Afterward did he shew himself upon21: Nor understood the paths thereof, nor earth, and conversed with men.laid hold of it: their children were far offfrom that way.22: It hath not been heard of in Chanaan, CHAPTER 4neither hath it been seen in Theman.23: The Agarenes that seek wisdom upon This is the book of the commandmentsearth, the merchants of Meran and of of God, and the law that endureth forTheman, the authors of fables, and ever: all they that keep it shall come to life;searchers out of understanding; none of but such as leave it shall die.these have known the way of wisdom, or 2: Turn thee, O Jacob, and take hold of it:remember her paths. walk in the presence of the light thereof,24: O Israel, how great is the house of that thou mayest be illuminated.God! and how large is the place of his 3: Give not thine honour to another, norpossession! the things that are profitable unto thee to25: Great, and hath none end; high, and a strange nation.unmeasurable. 4: O Israel, happy are we: for things that26: There were the giants famous from the are pleasing to God are made known untobeginning, that were of so great stature, us.and so expert in war. 5: Be of good cheer, my people, the me-27: Those did not the Lord choose, nei- morial of Israel.ther gave he the way of knowledge unto 6: Ye were sold to the nations, not forthem: [your] destruction: but because ye moved28: But they were destroyed, because they God to wrath, ye were delivered unto thehad no wisdom, and perished through enemies.their own foolishness. 7: For ye provoked him that made you by29: Who hath gone up into heaven, and sacrificing unto devils, and not to God.taken her, and brought her down from the 8: Ye have forgotten the everlasting God,clouds? that brought you up; and ye have grieved30: Who hath gone over the sea, and Jerusalem, that nursed you.found her, and will bring her for pure 9: For when she saw the wrath of Godgold? coming upon you, she said, Hearken, O ye31: No man knoweth her way, nor thin- that dwell about Sion: God hath broughtketh of her path. upon me great mourning;32: But he that knoweth all things 10: For I saw the captivity of my sons andknoweth her, and hath found her out with daughters, which the Everlasting broughthis understanding: he that prepared the upon them.earth for evermore hath filled it with four- 11: With joy did I nourish them; but sentfooted beasts: them away with weeping and mourning.33: He that sendeth forth light, and it 12: Let no man rejoice over me, a widow,goeth, calleth it again, and it obeyeth him and forsaken of many, who for the sins of 145
  • my children am left desolate; because they and cry unto God: for ye shall be remem-departed from the law of God. bered of him that brought these things13: They knew not his statutes, nor walked upon you.in the ways of his commandments, nor 28: For as it was your mind to go astraytrod in the paths of discipline in his right- from God: so, being returned, seek himeousness. ten times more.14: Let them that dwell about Sion come, 29: For he that hath brought these plaguesand remember ye the captivity of my sons upon you shall bring you everlasting joyand daughters, which the Everlasting hath with your salvation.brought upon them. 30: Take a good heart, O Jerusalem: for he15: For he hath brought a nation upon that gave thee that name will comfortthem from far, a shameless nation, and of thee.a strange language, who neither rever- 31: Miserable are they that afflicted thee,enced old man, nor pitied child. and rejoiced at thy fall.16: These have carried away the dear be- 32: Miserable are the cities which thy chil-loved children of the widow, and left her dren served: miserable is she that receivedthat was alone desolate without daughters. thy sons.17: But what can I help you? 33: For as she rejoiced at thy ruin, and was18: For he that brought these plagues glad of thy fall: so shall she be grieved forupon you will deliver you from the hands her own desolation.of your enemies. 34: For I will take away the rejoicing of19: Go your way, O my children, go your her great multitude, and her pride shall beway: for I am left desolate. turned into mourning.20: I have put off the clothing of peace, 35: For fire shall come upon her from theand put upon me the sackcloth of my Everlasting, long to endure; and she shallprayer: I will cry unto the Everlasting in be inhabited of devils for a great time.my days. 36: O Jerusalem, look about thee toward21: Be of good cheer, O my children, cry the east, and behold the joy that comethunto the Lord, and he will deliver you unto thee from God.from the power and hand of the enemies. 37: Lo, thy sons come, whom thou sentest22: For my hope is in the Everlasting, that away, they come gathered together fromhe will save you; and joy is come unto me the east to the west by the word of thefrom the Holy One, because of the mercy Holy One, rejoicing in the glory of God.which shall soon come unto you from theEverlasting our Saviour.23: For I sent you out with mourning and CHAPTER 5weeping: but God will give you to meagain with joy and gladness for ever. Put off, O Jerusalem, the garment of24: Like as now the neighbours of Sion mourning and affliction, and put on thehave seen your captivity: so shall they see comeliness of the glory that cometh fromshortly your salvation from our God God for ever.which shall come upon you with great 2: Cast about thee a double garment of theglory, and brightness of the Everlasting. righteousness which cometh from God;25: My children, suffer patiently the wrath and set a diadem on thine head of thethat is come upon you from God: for glory of the Everlasting.thine enemy hath persecuted thee; but 3: For God will shew thy brightness untoshortly thou shalt see his destruction, and every country under heaven.shalt tread upon his neck. 4: For thy name shall be called of God for26: My delicate ones have gone rough ever The peace of righteousness, and Theways, and were taken away as a flock glory of Gods worship.caught of the enemies. 5: Arise, O Jerusalem, and stand on high,27: Be of good comfort, O my children, and look about toward the east, and be- 146
  • hold thy children gathered from the west and laid over with silver; yet are they butunto the east by the word of the Holy false, and cannot speak.One, rejoicing in the remembrance of 8: And taking gold, as it were for a virginGod. that loveth to go gay, they make crowns6: For they departed from thee on foot, for the heads of their gods.and were led away of their enemies: but 9: Sometimes also the priests convey fromGod bringeth them unto thee exalted with their gods gold and silver, and bestow itglory, as children of the kingdom. upon themselves.7: For God hath appointed that every high 10: Yea, they will give thereof to the com-hill, and banks of long continuance, mon harlots, and deck them as men withshould be cast down, and valleys filled up, garments, [being] gods of silver, and godsto make even the ground, that Israel may of gold, and wood.go safely in the glory of God, 11: Yet cannot these gods save themselves8: Moreover even the woods and every from rust and moth, though they be cov-sweetsmelling tree shall overshadow Israel ered with purple raiment.by the commandment of God. 12: They wipe their faces because of the9: For God shall lead Israel with joy in the dust of the temple, when there is muchlight of his glory with the mercy and right- upon them.eousness that cometh from him. 13: And he that cannot put to death one that offendeth him holdeth a sceptre, as though he were a judge of the country. THE EPISTLE OF JEREMY 14: He hath also in his right hand a dagger CHAPTER 6 and an ax: but cannot deliver himself fromA copy of an epistle, which Jeremy sent unto them war and thieves.which were to be led captives into Babylon by the 15: Whereby they are known not to beking of the Babylonians, to certify them, as it was gods: therefore fear them not.commanded him of God. 16: For like as a vessel that a man useth isBecause of the sins which ye have com- nothing worth when it is broken; even so it is with their gods: when they be set upmitted before God, ye shall be led away in the temple, their eyes be full of dustcaptives into Babylon by Nabucho- through the feet of them that come in.donosor king of the Babylonians. 17: And as the doors are made sure on2: So when ye be come unto Babylon, ye every side upon him that offendeth theshall remain there many years, and for a king, as being committed to suffer death:long season, namely, seven generations: even so the priests make fast their templesand after that I will bring you away peace- with doors, with locks, and bars, lest theirably from thence. gods be spoiled with robbers.3: Now shall ye see in Babylon gods of 18: They light them candles, yea, moresilver, and of gold, and of wood, borne than for themselves, whereof they cannotupon shoulders, which cause the nations see one.to fear. 19: They are as one of the beams of the4: Beware therefore that ye in no wise be temple, yet they say their hearts arelike to strangers, neither be ye and of gnawed upon by things creeping out ofthem, when ye see the multitude before the earth; and when they eat them andthem and behind them, worshipping their clothes, they feel it not.them. 20: Their faces are blacked through the5: But say ye in your hearts, O Lord, we smoke that cometh out of the temple.must worship thee. 21: Upon their bodies and heads sit bats,6: For mine angel is with you, and I myself swallows, and birds, and the cats also.caring for your souls. 22: By this ye may know that they are no7: As for their tongue, it is polished by the gods: therefore fear them not.workman, and they themselves are gilded 23: Notwithstanding the gold that is about 147
  • them to make them beautiful, except they 38: Their gods of wood, and which arewipe off the rust, they will not shine: for overlaid with gold and silver, are like theneither when they were molten did they stones that be hewn out of the mountain:feel it. they that worship them shall be con-24: The things wherein there is no breath founded.are bought for a most high price. 39: How should a man then think and say25: They are borne upon shoulders, hav- that they are gods, when even the Chal-ing no feet whereby they declare unto deans themselves dishonour them?men that they be nothing worth. 40: Who if they shall see one dumb that26: They also that serve them are cannot speak, they bring him, and intreatashamed: for if they fall to the ground at Bel that he may speak, as though he wereany time, they cannot rise up again of able to understand.themselves: neither, if one set them up- 41: Yet they cannot understand this them-right, can they move of themselves: nei- selves, and leave them: for they have nother, if they be bowed down, can they knowledge.make themselves straight: but they set 42: The women also with cords aboutgifts before them as unto dead men. them, sitting in the ways, burn bran for27: As for the things that are sacrificed perfume: but if any of them, drawn byunto them, their priests sell and abuse; in some that passeth by, lie with him, shelike manner their wives lay up part thereof reproacheth her fellow, that she was notin salt; but unto the poor and impotent thought as worthy as herself, nor her cordthey give nothing of it. broken.28: Menstruous women and women in 43: Whatsoever is done among them ischildbed eat their sacrifices: by these false: how may it then be thought or saidthings ye may know that they are no gods: that they are gods?fear them not. 44: They are made of carpenters and gold-29: For how can they be called gods? be- smiths: they can be nothing else than thecause women set meat before the gods of workmen will have them to be.silver, gold, and wood. 45: And they themselves that made them30: And the priests sit in their temples, can never continue long; how should thenhaving their clothes rent, and their heads the things that are made of them be gods?and beards shaven, and nothing upon 46: For they left lies and reproaches totheir heads. them that come after.31: They roar and cry before their gods, as 47: For when there cometh any war ormen do at the feast when one is dead. plague upon them, the priests consult with32: The priests also take off their gar- themselves, where they may be hiddenments, and clothe their wives and chil- with them.dren. 48: How then cannot men perceive that33: Whether it be evil that one doeth unto they be no gods, which can neither savethem, or good, they are not able to recom- themselves from war, nor from plague?pense it: they can neither set up a king, 49: For seeing they be but of wood, andnor put him down. overlaid with silver and gold, it shall be34: In like manner, they can neither give known hereafter that they are false:riches nor money: though a man make a 50: And it shall manifestly appear to allvow unto them, and keep it not, they will nations and kings that they are no gods,not require it. but the works of mens hands, and that35: They can save no man from death, there is no work of God in them.neither deliver the weak from the mighty. 51: Who then may not know that they are36: They cannot restore a blind man to his no gods?sight, nor help any man in his distress. 52: For neither can they set up a king in37: They can shew no mercy to the the land, nor give rain unto men.widow, nor do good to the fatherless. 53: Neither can they judge their own 148
  • cause, nor redress a wrong, being unable: 68: It is then by no means manifest untofor they are as crows between heaven and us that they are gods: therefore fear themearth. not.54: Whereupon when fire falleth upon the 69: For as a scarecrow in a garden of cu-house of gods of wood, or laid over with cumbers keepeth nothing: so are theirgold or silver, their priests will flee away, gods of wood, and laid over with silverand escape; but they themselves shall be and gold.burned asunder like beams. 70: And likewise their gods of wood, and55: Moreover they cannot withstand any laid over with silver and gold, are like to aking or enemies: how can it then be white thorn in an orchard, that every birdthought or said that they be gods? sitteth upon; as also to a dead body, that is56: Neither are those gods of wood, and east into the dark.laid over with silver or gold, able to escape 71: And ye shall know them to be no godseither from thieves or robbers. by the bright purple that rotteth upon57: Whose gold, and silver, and garments them: and they themselves afterward shallwherewith they are clothed, they that are be eaten, and shall be a reproach in thestrong take, and go away withal: neither country.are they able to help themselves. 72: Better therefore is the just man that58: Therefore it is better to be a king that hath none idols: for he shall be far fromsheweth his power, or else a profitable reproach.vessel in an house, which the owner shallhave use of, than such false gods; or to bea door in an house, to keep such thingstherein, than such false gods. or a pillar ofwood in a a palace, than such false gods.59: For sun, moon, and stars, being brightand sent to do their offices, are obedient.60: In like manner the lightning when itbreaketh forth is easy to be seen; and afterthe same manner the wind bloweth inevery country.61: And when God commandeth theclouds to go over the whole world, theydo as they are bidden.62: And the fire sent from above to con-sume hills and woods doeth as it is com-manded: but these are like unto them nei-ther in shew nor power.63: Wherefore it is neither to be supposednor said that they are gods, seeing, theyare able neither to judge causes, nor to dogood unto men.64: Knowing therefore that they are nogods, fear them not,65: For they can neither curse nor blesskings:66: Neither can they shew signs in theheavens among the heathen, nor shine asthe sun, nor give light as the moon.67: The beasts are better than they: forthey can get under a cover and help them-selves. 149
  • The Song of the Three Holy ChildrenAnd they walked in the midst of the fire, the world because of our sins. 15: Neither is there at this time prince, orpraising God, and blessing the Lord. prophet, or leader, or burnt offering, or2: Then Azarias stood up, and prayed on sacrifice, or oblation, or incense, or place tothis manner; and opening his mouth in the sacrifice before thee, and to find mercy.midst of the fire said, 16: Nevertheless in a contrite heart and an3: Blessed art thou, O Lord God of our humble spirit let us be accepted.fathers: thy name is worthy to be praised 17: Like as in the burnt offerings of ramsand glorified for evermore: and bullocks, and like as in ten thousands of4: For thou art righteous in all the things fat lambs: so let our sacrifice be in thy sightthat thou hast done to us: yea, true are all this day, and grant that we may wholly gothy works, thy ways are right, and all thy after thee: for they shall not be confoundedjudgments truth. that put their trust in thee.5: In all the things that thou hast brought 18: And now we follow thee with all ourupon us, and upon the holy city of our fa- heart, we fear thee, and seek thy face.thers, even Jerusalem, thou hast executed 19: Put us not to shame: but deal with ustrue judgment: for according to truth and after thy lovingkindness, and according tojudgment didst thou bring all these things the multitude of thy mercies.upon us because of our sins. 20: Deliver us also according to thy marvel-6: For we have sinned and committed iniq- lous works, and give glory to thy name, Ouity, departing from thee. Lord: and let all them that do thy servants7: In all things have we trespassed, and not hurt be ashamed;obeyed thy commandments, nor kept them, 21: And let them be confounded in all theirneither done as thou hast commanded us, power and might, and let their strength bethat it might go well with us. broken;8: Wherefore all that thou hast brought 22: And let them know that thou art God,upon us, and every thing that thou hast the only God, and glorious over the wholedone to us, thou hast done in true judg- world.ment. 23: And the kings servants, that put them9: And thou didst deliver us into the hands in, ceased not to make the oven hot withof lawless enemies, most hateful forsakers rosin, pitch, tow, and small wood;of God, and to an unjust king, and the most 24: So that the flame streamed forth abovewicked in all the world. the furnace forty and nine cubits.10: And now we cannot open our mouths, 25: And it passed through, and burnedwe are become a shame and reproach to thy those Chaldeans it found about the furnace.servants; and to them that worship thee. 26: But the angel of the Lord came down11: Yet deliver us not up wholly, for thy into the oven together with Azarias and hisnames sake, neither disannul thou thy cove- fellows, and smote the flame of the fire outnant: of the oven;12: And cause not thy mercy to depart from 27: And made the midst of the furnace as itus, for thy beloved Abrahams sake, for thy had been a moist whistling wind, so that theservant Issacs sake, and for thy holy Israels fire touched them not at all, neither hurt norsake; troubled them.13: To whom thou hast spoken and prom- 28: Then the three, as out of one mouth,ised, that thou wouldest multiply their seed praised, glorified, and blessed, God in theas the stars of heaven, and as the sand that furnace, saying,lieth upon the seashore. 29: Blessed art thou, O Lord God of our14: For we, O Lord, are become less than fathers: and to be praised and exalted aboveany nation, and be kept under this day in all all for ever. 150
  • 30: And blessed is thy glorious and holy praise and exalt him above all for ever.name: and to be praised and exalted above 51: O ye lightnings and clouds, bless ye theall for ever. Lord: praise and exalt him above all for31: Blessed art thou in the temple of thine ever.holy glory: and to be praised and glorified 52: O let the earth bless the Lord: praiseabove all for ever. and exalt him above all for ever.32: Blessed art thou that beholdest the 53: O ye mountains and little hills, bless yedepths, and sittest upon the cherubims: and the Lord: praise and exalt him above all forto be praised and exalted above all for ever. ever.33: Blessed art thou on the glorious throne 54: O all ye things that grow in the earth,of thy kingdom: and to be praised and glori- bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt himfied above all for ever. above all for ever.34: Blessed art thou in the firmament of 55: O ye mountains, bless ye the Lord:heaven: and above ail to be praised and Praise and exalt him above all for ever.glorified for ever. 56: O ye seas and rivers, bless ye the Lord:35: O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye the praise and exalt him above all for ever.Lord : praise and exalt him above all for 57: O ye whales, and all that move in theever, waters, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt36: O ye heavens, bless ye the Lord : praise him above all for ever.and exalt him above all for ever. 58: O all ye fowls of the air, bless ye the37: O ye angels of the Lord, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt him above all forLord: praise and exalt him above all for ever.ever. 59: O all ye beasts and cattle, bless ye the38: O all ye waters that be above the Lord: praise and exalt him above all forheaven, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt ever.him above all for ever. 60: O ye children of men, bless ye the Lord:39: O all ye powers of the Lord, bless ye the praise and exalt him above all for ever.Lord: praise and exalt him above all for 61: O Israel, bless ye the Lord: praise andever. exalt him above all for ever.40: O ye sun and moon, bless ye the Lord: 62: O ye priests of the Lord, bless ye thepraise and exalt him above all for ever. Lord: praise and exalt him above all for41: O ye stars of heaven, bless ye the Lord: ever.praise and exalt him above all for ever. 63: O ye servants of the Lord, bless ye the42: O every shower and dew, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt him above all forLord: praise and exalt him above all for ever.ever. 64: O ye spirits and souls of the righteous,43: O all ye winds, bless ye the Lord: praise bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt himand exalt him above all for ever, above all for ever.44: O ye fire and heat, bless ye the Lord: 65: O ye holy and humble men of heart,praise and exalt him above all for ever. bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt him45: O ye winter and summer, bless ye the above all for ever.Lord: praise and exalt him above all for 66: O Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, bless yeever. the Lord: praise and exalt him above all for46: 0 ye dews and storms of snow, bless ye ever: far he hath delivered us from hell, andthe Lord: praise and exalt him above all for saved us from the hand of death, and deliv-ever. ered us out of the midst of the furnace and47: O ye nights and days, bless ye the Lord: burning flame: even out of the midst of thebless and exalt him above all for ever. fire hath he delivered us.48: O ye light and darkness, bless ye the 67: O give thanks unto the Lord, because heLord: praise and exalt him above all for is gracious: for his mercy endureth for ever.ever. 68: O all ye that worship the Lord, bless the49: O ye ice and cold, bless ye the Lord: God of gods, praise him, and give himpraise and exalt him above all for ever. thanks: for his mercy endureth for ever.50: O ye frost and snow, bless ye the Lord: 151
  • The History of Susanna elders, that had hid themselves, and watchedThere dwelt a man in Babylon, called her.Joacim: 17: Then she said to her maids, Bring me oil2: And he took a wife, whose name was and washing balls, and shut the garden doors,Susanna, the daughter of Chelcias, a very fair that I may wash me.woman, and one that feared the Lord. 18: And they did as she bade them, and shut3: Her parents also were righteous, and the garden doors, and went out themselves attaught their daughter according to the law of privy doors to fetch the things that she hadMoses. commanded them: but they saw not the eld-4: Now Joacim was a great rich man, and had ers, because they were hid.a fair garden joining unto his house: and to 19: Now when the maids were gone forth,him resorted the Jews; because he was more the two elders rose up, and ran unto her,honourable than all others. saying,5: The same year were appointed two of the 20: Behold, the garden doors are shut, that noancients of the people to be judges, such as man can see us, and we are in love with thee;the Lord spake of, that wickedness came therefore consent unto us, and lie with us.from Babylon from ancient judges, who 21: If thou wilt not, we will bear witnessseemed to govern the people. against thee, that a young man was with thee:6: These kept much at Joacims house: and all and therefore thou didst send away thy maidsthat had any suits in law came unto them. from thee.7: Now when the people departed away at 22: Then Susanna sighed, and said, I amnoon, Susanna went into her husbands gar- straitened on every side: for if I do this thing,den to walk. it is death unto me: and if I do it not I cannot8: And the two elders saw her going in every escape your hands.day, and walking; so that their lust was in- 23: It is better for me to fall into your hands,flamed toward her. and not do it, than to sin in the sight of the9: And they perverted their own mind, and Lord.turned away their eyes, that they might not 24: With that Susanna cried with a loud voice:look unto heaven, nor remember just judg- and the two elders cried out against her.ments. 25: Then ran the one, and opened the garden10: And albeit they both were wounded with door.her love, yet durst not one shew another his 26: So when the servants of the house heardgrief. the cry in the garden, they rushed in at the11: For they were ashamed to declare their privy door, to see what was done unto her.lust, that they desired to have to do with her. 27: But when the elders had declared their12: Yet they watched diligently from day to matter, the servants were greatly ashamed: forday to see her. there was never such a report made of13: And the one said to the other, Let us now Susanna.go home: for it is dinner time. 28: And it came to pass the next day, when14: So when they were gone out, they parted the people were assembled to her husbandthe one from the other, and turning back Joacim, the two elders came also full of mis-again they came to the same place; and after chievous imagination against Susanna to putthat they had asked one another the cause, her to death;they acknowledged their lust: then appointed 29: And said before the people, Send forthey a time both together, when they might Susanna, the daughter of Chelcias, Joacimsfind her alone. wife. And so they sent.15: And it fell out, as they watched a fit time, 30: So she came with her father and mother,she went in as before with two maids only, her children, and all her kindred.and she was desirous to wash herself in the 31: Now Susanna was a very delicate woman,garden: for it was hot. and beauteous to behold.16: And there was no body there save the two 32: And these wicked men commanded to 152
  • uncover her face, (for she was covered) that examine them.they might be filled with her beauty. 52: So when they were put asunder one from33: Therefore her friends and all that saw her another, he called one of them, and said untowept. him, O thou that art waxen old in wicked-34: Then the two elders stood up in the midst ness, now thy sins which thou hast commit-of the people, and laid their hands upon her ted aforetime are come to light.head. 53: For thou hast pronounced false judgment35: And she weeping looked up toward and hast condemned the innocent and hastheaven: for her heart trusted in the Lord. let the guilty go free; albeit the Lord saith,36: And the elders said, As we walked in the The innocent and righteous shalt thou notgarden alone, this woman came in with two slay.maids, and shut the garden doors, and sent 54: Now then, if thou hast seen her, tell me,the maids away. Under what tree sawest thou them company-37: Then a young man, who there was hid, ing together? Who answered, Under a mas-came unto her, and lay with her. tick tree.38: Then we that stood in a corner of the 55: And Daniel said, Very well; thou hast liedgarden, seeing this wickedness, ran unto against thine own head; for even now thethem. angel of God hath received the sentence of39: And when we saw them together, the God to cut thee in two.man we could not hold: for he was stronger 56: So he put him aside, and commanded tothan we, and opened the door, and leaped bring the other, and said unto him, O thouout. seed of Chanaan, and not of Juda, beauty40: But having taken this woman, we asked hath deceived thee, and lust hath pervertedwho the young man was, but she would not thine heart.tell us: these things do we testify. 57: Thus have ye dealt with the daughters of41: Then the assembly believed them as those Israel, and they for fear companied with you:that were the elders and judges of the people: but the daughter of Juda would not abideso they condemned her to death. your wickedness.42: Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, 58: Now therefore tell me, Under what treeand said, O everlasting God, that knowest the didst thou take them companying together?secrets, and knowest all things before they be: Who answered, Under an holm tree.43: Thou knowest that they have borne false 59: Then said Daniel unto him, Well; thouwitness against me, and, behold, I must die; hast also lied against thine own head: for thewhereas I never did such things as these men angel of God waiteth with the sword to cuthave maliciously invented against me. thee in two, that he may destroy you.44: And the Lord heard her voice. 60: With that all the assembly cried out with a45: Therefore when she was led to be put to loud voice, and praised God, who savethdeath, the Lord raised up the holy spirit of a them that trust in him.young youth whose name was Daniel: 61: And they arose against the two elders, for46: Who cried with a loud voice, I am clear Daniel had convicted them of false witnessfrom the blood of this woman. by their own mouth:47: Then all the people turned them toward 62: And according to the law of Moses theyhim, and said, What mean these words that did unto them in such sort as they maliciouslythou hast spoken? intended to do to their neighbour: and they48: So he standing in the midst of them said, put them to death. Thus the innocent bloodAre ye such fools, ye sons of Israel, that with- was saved the same day.out examination or knowledge of the truth ye 63: Therefore Chelcias and his wife praisedhave condemned a daughter of Israel? God for their daughter Susanna, with Joacim49: Return again to the place of judgment: for her husband, and all the kindred, becausethey have borne false witness against her. there was no dishonesty found in her.50: Wherefore all the people turned again in 64: From that day forth was Daniel had inhaste, and the elders said unto him, Come, sit great reputation in the sight of the people.down among us, and shew it us, seeing Godhath given thee the honour of an elder.51: Then said Daniel unto them, Put thesetwo aside one far from another, and I will 153
  • The History of the Destruction of Bel and the DragonAnd king Astyages was gathered to his if thou findest not that Bel hath eaten upfathers, and Cyrus of Persia received his all, we will suffer death: or else Daniel,kingdom. that speaketh falsely against us.2: And Daniel conversed with the king, 13: And they little regarded it: for underand was honoured above all his friends. the table they had made a privy entrance,3: Now the Babylons had an idol, called whereby they entered in continually, andBel, and there were spent upon him every consumed those things.day twelve great measures of fine flour, 14: So when they were gone forth, theand forty sheep, and six vessels of wine. king set meats before Bel. Now Daniel4: And the king worshipped it and went had commanded his servants to bringdaily to adore it: but Daniel worshipped ashes, and those they strewed throughouthis own God. And the king said unto him, all the temple in the presence of the kingWhy dost not thou worship Bel? alone: then went they out, and shut the5: Who answered and said, Because I may door, and sealed it with the kings signet,not worship idols made with hands, but and so departed.the living God, who hath created the 15: Now in the night came the priests withheaven and the earth, and hath sover- their wives and children, as they wereeignty over all flesh. wont to do, and did eat and drinck up all.6: Then said the king unto him, Thinkest 16: In the morning betime the king arose,thou not that Bel is a living God? seest and Daniel with him.thou not how much he eateth and drin- 17: And the king said, Daniel, are the sealsketh every day? whole? And he said, Yea, O king, they be7: Then Daniel smiled, and said, O king, whole.be not deceived: for this is but clay within, 18: And as soon as he had opened theand brass without, and did never eat or dour, the king looked upon the table, anddrink any thing. cried with a loud voice, Great art thou, O8: So the king was wroth, and called for Bel, and with thee is no deceit at all.his priests, and said unto them, If ye tell 19: Then laughed Daniel, and held theme not who this is that devoureth these king that he should not go in, and said,expences, ye shall die. Behold now the pavement, and mark well9: But if ye can certify me that Bel de- whose footsteps are these.voureth them, then Daniel shall die: for he 20: And the king said, I see the footstepshath spoken blasphemy against Bel. And of men, women, and children. And thenDaniel said unto the king, Let it be ac- the king was angry,cording to thy word. 21: And took the priests with their wives10: Now the priests of Bel were threescore and children, who shewed him the privyand ten, beside their wives and children. doors, where they came in, and consumedAnd the king went with Daniel into the such things as were upon the table.temple of Bel. 22: Therefore the king slew them, and11: So Bels priests said, Lo, we go out: delivered Bel into Daniels power, whobut thou, O king, set on the meat, and destroyed him and his temple.make ready the wine, and shut the door 23: And in that same place there was afast and seal it with thine own signet; great dragon, which they of Babylon wor-12: And to morrow when thou comest in, shipped. 24: And the king said unto Daniel, Wilt 154
  • thou also say that this is of brass? lo, he Daniel, Daniel, take the dinner which Godliveth, he eateth and drinketh; thou canst hath sent thee.not say that he is no living god: therefore 38: And Daniel said, Thou hast remem-worship him. bered me, O God: neither hast thou for-25: Then said Daniel unto the king, I will saken them that seek thee and love thee.worship the Lord my God: for he is the 39: So Daniel arose, and did eat: and theliving God. angel of the Lord set Habbacuc in his own26: But give me leave, O king, and I shall place again immediately.slay this dragon without sword or staff. 40: Upon the seventh day the king went toThe king said, I give thee leave. bewail Daniel: and when he came to the27: Then Daniel took pitch, and fat, and den, he looked in, and behold, Daniel washair, and did seethe them together, and sitting.made lumps thereof: this he put in the 41: Then cried the king with a loud voice,dragons mouth, and so the dragon burst saying, Great art Lord God of Daniel, andin sunder : and Daniel said, Lo, these are there is none other beside thee.the gods ye worship. 42: And he drew him out, and cast those28: When they of Babylon heard that, they that were the cause of his destruction intotook great indignation, and conspired the den: and they were devoured in a mo-against the king, saying, The king is be- ment before his face.come a Jew, and he hath destroyed Bel, hehath slain the dragon, and put the prieststo death.29: So they came to the king, and said,Deliver us Daniel, or else we will destroythee and thine house.30: Now when the king saw that theypressed him sore, being constrained, hedelivered Daniel unto them:31: Who cast him into the lions den:where he was six days.32: And in the den there were seven lions,and they had given them every day twocarcases, and two sheep: which then werenot given to them, to the intent theymight devour Daniel.33: Now there was in Jewry a prophet,called Habbacuc, who had made pottage,and had broken bread in a bowl, and wasgoing into the field, for to bring it to thereapers.34: But the angel of the Lord said untoHabbacuc, Go, carry the dinner that thouhast into Babylon unto Daniel, who is inthe lions den.35: And Habbacuc said, Lord, I never sawBabylon; neither do I know where the denis.36: Then the angel of the Lord took himby the crown, and bare him by the hair ofhis head, and through the vehemency ofhis spirit set him in Babylon over the den.37: And Habbacuc cried, saying, O 155
  • The Prayer of Manasses King of Judah ties. Be not angry with me for ever, byO Lord, Almighty God of our fathers, reserving evil for me; neither condemn meAbraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and of their to the lower parts of the earth. For thourighteous seed; who hast made heaven and art the God, even the God of them thatearth, with all the ornament thereof; who repent; and in me thou wilt shew all thyhast bound the sea by the word of thy goodness: for thou wilt save me, that amcommandment; who hast shut up the unworthy, according to thy great mercy.deep, and sealed it by thy terrible and glo- Therefore I will praise thee for ever all therious name; whom all men fear, and trem- days of my life: for all the powers of theble before thy power; for the majesty of heavens do praise thee, and thine is thethy glory cannot be borne, and thine angry glory for ever and ever. Amen.threatening toward sinners is importable:but thy merciful promise is unmeasurableand unsearchable; for thou art the mosthigh Lord, of great compassion, longsuf-fering, very merciful, and repentest of theevils of men. Thou, O Lord, according tothy great goodness hast promised repen-tance and forgiveness to them that havesinned against thee: and of thine infinitemercies hast appointed repentance untosinners, that they may be saved. Thoutherefore, O Lord, that art the God of thejust, hast not appointed repentance to thejust, as to Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob,which have not sinned against thee; butthou hast appointed repentance unto methat am a sinner: for I have sinned abovethe number of the sands of the sea. Mytransgressions, O Lord, are multiplied: mytransgressions are multiplied, and I am notworthy to behold and see the height ofheaven for the multitude of mine iniqui-ties. I am bowed down with many ironbands, that I cannot life up mine head,neither have any release: for I have pro-voked thy wrath, and done evil beforethee: I did not thy will, neither kept I thycommandments: I have set up abomina-tions, and have multiplied offences. Nowtherefore I bow the knee of mine heart,beseeching thee of grace. I have sinned, OLord, I have sinned, and I acknowledgemine iniquities: wherefore, I humbly be-seech thee, forgive me, O Lord, forgiveme, and destroy me not with mine iniqui- 156
  • The First Book of the MaccabeesAnd it happened, after that Alexander son 14: Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem according to the customs of theof Philip, the Macedonian, who came out of heathen:the land of Chettiim, had smitten Darius 15: And made themselves uncircumcised,king of the Persians and Medes, that he and forsook the holy covenant, and joinedreigned in his stead, the first over Greece, themselves to the heathen, and were sold to2: And made many wars, and won many do mischief.strong holds, and slew the kings of the earth, 16: Now when the kingdom was established3: And went through to the ends of the before Antiochus, he thought to reign overearth, and took spoils of many nations, inso- Egypt that he might have the dominion ofmuch that the earth was quiet before him; two realms.whereupon he was exalted and his heart was 17: Wherefore he entered into Egypt with alifted up. great multitude, with chariots, and elephants,4: And he gathered a mighty strong host and and horsemen, and a great navy,ruled over countries, and nations, and kings, 18: And made war against Ptolemee king ofwho became tributaries unto him. Egypt: but Ptolemee was afraid of him, and5: And after these things he fell sick, and fled; and many were wounded to death.perceived that he should die. 19: Thus they got the strong cities in the6: Wherefore he called his servants, such as land of Egypt and he took the spoils thereof.were honourable, and had been brought up 20: And after that Antiochus had smittenwith him from his youth, and parted his Egypt, he returned again in the hundredkingdom among them, while he was yet forty and third year, and went up againstalive. Israel and Jerusalem with a great multitude,7: So Alexander reigned twelves years, and 21: And entered proudly into the sanctuary,then died. and took away the golden altar, and the can-8: And his servants bare rule every one in his dlestick of light, and all the vessels thereof,place. 22: And the table of the shewbread, and the9: And after his death they all put crowns pouring vessels, and the vials. and the cen-upon themselves; so did their sons after sers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, andthem many years: and evils were multiplied the golden ornaments that were before thein the earth. temple, all which he pulled off.10: And there came out of them a wicked 23: He took also the silver and the gold, androot Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of the precious vessels: also he took the hiddenAntiochus the king, who had been an hos- treasures which he found.tage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred 24: And when he had taken all away, heand thirty and seventh year of the kingdom went into his own land, having made a greatof the Greeks. massacre, and spoken very proudly.11: In those days went there out of Israel 25: Therefore there was a great mourning inwicked men, who persuaded many, saying, Israel, in every place where they were;Let us go and make a covenant with the 26: So that the princes and elders mourned,heathen that are round about us: for since the virgins and young men were made fee-we departed from them we have had much ble, and the beauty of women was changed.sorrow. 27: Every bridegroom took up lamentation,12: So this device pleased them well. and she that sat in the marriage chamber was13: Then certain of the people were so for- in heaviness,ward herein, that they went to the king, who 28: The land also was moved for the inhabi-gave them licence to do after the ordinances tants thereof, and all the house of Jacob wasof the heathen: covered with confusion. 157
  • 29: And after two years fully expired the they should profane the sabbaths and festi-king sent his chief collector of tribute unto val days:the cities of Juda, who came unto Jerusalem 46: And pollute the sanctuary and holy peo-with a great multitude, ple:30: And spake peaceable words unto them, 47: Set up altars, and groves, and chapels ofbut all was deceit: for when they had given idols, and sacrifice swines flesh, and uncleanhim credence, he fell suddenly upon the city, beasts:and smote it very sore, and destroyed much 48: That they should also leave their childrenpeople of Israel. uncircumcised, and make their souls abomi-31: And when he had taken the spoils of the nable with all manner of uncleanness andcity, he set it on fire, and pulled down the profanation:houses and walls thereof on every side. 49: To the end they might forget the law,32: But the women and children took they and change all the ordinances.captive, and possessed the cattle. 50: And whosoever would not do according33: Then builded they the city of David with to the commandment of the king, he said, hea great and strong wall, and with mighty should die.towers, and made it a strong hold for them. 51: In the selfsame manner wrote he to his34: And they put therein a sinful nation, whole kingdom, and appointed overseerswicked men, and fortified themselves over all the people, commanding the citiestherein. of Juda to sacrifice, city by city.35: They stored it also with armour and 52: Then many of the people were gatheredvictuals, and when they had gathered to- unto them, to wit every one that forsook thegether the spoils of Jerusalem, they laid them law; and so they committed evils in the land;up there, and so they became a sore snare: 53: And drove the Israelites into secret36: For it was a place to lie in wait against places, even wheresoever they could flee forthe sanctuary, and an evil adversary to Israel. succour.37: Thus they shed innocent blood on every 54: Now the fifteenth day of the monthside of the sanctuary, and defiled it: Casleu, in the hundred forty and fifth year,38: Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jerusa- they set up the abomination of desolationlem fled because of them: whereupon the upon the altar, and builded idol altarscity was made an habitation of strangers, and throughout the cities of Juda on every side;became strange to those that were born in 55: And burnt incense at the doors of theirher; and her own children left her. houses, and in the streets.39: Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wil- 56: And when they had rent in pieces thederness, her feasts were turned into mourn- books of the law which they found, theying, her sabbaths into reproach her honour burnt them with fire.into contempt. 57: And whosoever was found with any the40: As had been her glory, so was her dis- book of the testament, or if any committedhonour increased, and her excellency was to the law, the kings commandment was,turned into mourning. that they should put him to death.41: Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his 58: Thus did they by their authority unto thewhole kingdom, that all should be one peo- Israelites every month, to as many as wereple, found in the cities.42: And every one should leave his laws: so 59: Now the five and twentieth day of theall the heathen agreed according to the com- month they did sacrifice upon the idol altar,mandment of the king. which was upon the altar of God.43: Yea, many also of the Israelites con- 60: At which time according to the com-sented to his religion, and sacrificed unto mandment they put to death certain women,idols, and profaned the sabbath. that had caused their children to be circum-44: For the king had sent letters by messen- cised.gers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda 61: And they hanged the infants about theirthat they should follow the strange laws of necks, and rifled their houses, and slew themthe land, that had circumcised them.45: And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, 62: Howbeit many in Israel were fully re-and drink offerings, in the temple; and that solved and confirmed in themselves not to 158
  • eat any unclean thing. this city, and strengthened with sons and63: Wherefore the rather to die, that they brethren:might not be defiled with meats, and that 18: Now therefore come thou first, and fulfilthey might not profane the holy covenant: the kings commandment, like as all the hea-so then they died. then have done, yea, and the men of Juda64: And there was very great wrath upon also, and such as remain at Jerusalem: soIsrael. shalt thou and thy house be in the number of the kings friends, and thou and thy chil- dren shall be honoured with silver and gold, CHAPTER 2 and many rewards.I n those days arose Mattathias the son of 19: Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the nationsJohn, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons that are under the kings dominion obeyof Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt in him, and fall away every one from the relig-Modin. ion of their fathers, and give consent to his2: And he had five sons, Joannan, called commandments:Caddis: 20: Yet will I and my sons and my brethren3: Simon; called Thassi: walk in the covenant of our fathers.4: Judas, who was called Maccabeus: 21: God forbid that we should forsake the5: Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, law and the ordinances.whose surname was Apphus. 22: We will not hearken to the kings words,6: And when he saw the blasphemies that to go from our religion, either on the rightwere committed in Juda and Jerusalem, hand, or the left.7: He said, Woe is me! wherefore was I born 23: Now when he had left speaking theseto see this misery of my people, and of the words, there came one of the Jews in theholy city, and to dwell there, when it was sight of all to sacrifice on the altar whichdelivered into the hand of the enemy, and was at Modin, according to the kings com-the sanctuary into the hand of strangers? mandment.8: Her temple is become as a man without 24: Which thing when Mattathias saw, heglory. was inflamed with zeal, and his reins trem-9: Her glorious vessels are carried away into bled, neither could he forbear to shew hiscaptivity, her infants are slain in the streets, anger according to judgment: wherefore heher young men with the sword of the en- ran, and slew him upon the altar.emy. 25: Also the kings commissioner, who com-10: What nation hath not had a part in her pelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that time,kingdom and gotten of her spoils? and the altar he pulled down.11: All her ornaments are taken away; of a 26: Thus dealt he zealously for the law offree woman she is become a bondslave. God like as Phinees did unto Zambri the12: And, behold, our sanctuary, even our son of Salom.beauty and our glory, is laid waste, and the 27: And Mattathias cried throughout the cityGentiles have profaned it. with a loud voice, saying, Whosoever is zeal-13: To what end therefore shall we live any ous of the law, and maintaineth the cove-longer? nant, let him follow me.14: Then Mattathias and his sons rent their 28: So he and his sons fled into the moun-clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned tains, and left all that ever they had in thevery sore. city.15: In the mean while the kings officers, 29: Then many that sought after justice andsuch as compelled the people to revolt, came judgment went down into the wilderness, tointo the city Modin, to make them sacrifice. dwell there:16: And when many of Israel came unto 30: Both they, and their children, and theirthem, Mattathias also and his sons came wives; and their cattle; because afflictionstogether. increased sore upon them.17: Then answered the kings officers, and 31: Now when it was told the kings ser-said to Mattathias on this wise, Thou art a vants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, inruler, and an honourable and great man in the city of David, that certain men, who had 159
  • broken the kings commandment, were gone those they circumcised valiantly.down into the secret places in the wilder- 47: They pursued also after the proud men,ness, and the work prospered in their hand.32: They pursued after them a great number, 48: So they recovered the law out of theand having overtaken them, they camped hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hand ofagainst them, and made war against them on kings, neither suffered they the sinner tothe sabbath day. triumph.33: And they said unto them, Let that which 49: Now when the time drew near that Mat-ye have done hitherto suffice; come forth, tathias should die, he said unto his sons,and do according to the commandment of Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength,the king, and ye shall live. and the time of destruction, and the wrath34: But they said, We will not come forth, of indignation:neither will we do the kings commandment, 50: Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealousto profane the sabbath day. for the law, and give your lives for the cove-35: So then they gave them the battle with nant of your fathers.all speed. 51: Call to remembrance what acts our fa-36: Howbeit they answered them not, nei- thers did in their time; so shall ye receivether cast they a stone at them, nor stopped great honour and an everlasting name.the places where they lay hid; 52: Was not Abraham found faithful in37: But said, Let us die all in our innocency: temptation, and it was imputed unto him forheaven and earth will testify for us, that ye righteousness?put us to death wrongfully. 53: Joseph in the time of his distress kept38: So they rose up against them in battle on the commandment and was made lord ofthe sabbath, and they slew them, with their Egypt.wives and children and their cattle, to the 54: Phinees our father in being zealous andnumber of a thousand people. fervent obtained the covenant of an everlast-39: Now when Mattathias and his friends ing priesthood.understood hereof, they mourned for them 55: Jesus for fulfilling the word was made aright sore. judge in Israel.40: And one of them said to another, If we 56: Caleb for bearing witness before theall do as our brethren have done, and fight congregation received the heritage of thenot for our lives and laws against the hea- land.then, they will now quickly root us out of 57: David for being merciful possessed thethe earth. throne of an everlasting kingdom.41: At that time therefore they decreed, say- 58: Elias for being zealous and fervent foring, Whosoever shall come to make battle the law was taken up into heaven.with us on the sabbath day, we will fight 59: Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believ-against him; neither will we die all, as our ing were saved out of the flame.brethren that were murdered in the secret 60: Daniel for his innocency was deliveredplaces. from the mouth of lions.42: Then came there unto him a company of 61: And thus consider ye throughout allAssideans who were mighty men of Israel, ages, that none that put their trust in himeven all such as were voluntarily devoted shall be overcome.unto the law. 62: Fear not then the words of a sinful man:43: Also all they that fled for persecution for his glory shall be dung and worms.joined themselves unto them, and were a 63: To day he shall be lifted up and to mor-stay unto them. row he shall not be found, because he is44: So they joined their forces, and smote returned into his dust, and his thought issinful men in their anger, and wicked men in come to nothing.their wrath: but the rest fled to the heathen 64: Wherefore, ye my sons, be valiant andfor succour. shew yourselves men in the behalf of the45: Then Mattathias and his friends went law; for by it shall ye obtain glory.round about, and pulled down the altars: 65: And behold, I know that your brother46: And what children soever they found Simon is a man of counsel, give ear untowithin the coast of Israel uncircumcised, him alway: he shall be a father unto you. 160
  • 66: As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been Apollonius sword also, and therewith hemighty and strong, even from his youth up: fought all his life long.let him be your captain, and fight the battle 13: Now when Seron, a prince of the armyof the people. of Syria, heard say that Judas had gathered67: Take also unto you all those that observe unto him a multitude and company of thethe law, and avenge ye the wrong of your faithful to go out with him to war;people. 14: He said, I will get me a name and honour68: Recompense fully the heathen, and take in the kingdom; for I will go fight with Judasheed to the commandments of the law. and them that are with him, who despise the69: So he blessed them, and was gathered to kings commandment.his fathers. 15: So he made him ready to go up, and70: And he died in the hundred forty and there went with him a mighty host of thesixth year, and his sons buried him in the ungodly to help him, and to be avenged ofsepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all the children of Israel.Israel made great lamentation for him. 16: And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went forth to meet him with a small company: CHAPTER 3 17: Who, when they saw the host coming toThen his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose meet them, said unto Judas, How shall we be able, being so few, to fight against soup in his stead. great a multitude and so strong, seeing we2: And all his brethren helped him, and so are ready to faint with fasting all this day?did all they that held with his father, and 18: Unto whom Judas answered, It is nothey fought with cheerfulness the battle of hard matter for many to be shut up in theIsrael. hands of a few; and with the God of heaven3: So he gat his people great honour, and put it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude,on a breastplate as a giant, and girt his war- or a small company:like harness about him, and he made battles, 19: For the victory of battle standeth not inprotecting the host with his sword. the multitude of an host; but strength4: In his acts he was like a lion, and like a cometh from heaven.lions whelp roaring for his prey. 20: They come against us in much pride and5: For He pursued the wicked, and sought iniquity to destroy us, and our wives andthem out, and burnt up those that vexed his children, and to spoil us:people. 21: But we fight for our lives and our laws.6: Wherefore the wicked shrunk for fear of 22: Wherefore the Lord himself will over-him, and all the workers of iniquity were throw them before our face: and as for you,troubled, because salvation prospered in his be ye not afraid of them.hand. 23: Now as soon as he had left off speaking,7: He grieved also many kings, and made he leapt suddenly upon them, and so SeronJacob glad with his acts, and his memorial is and his host was overthrown before him.blessed for ever. 24: And they pursued them from the going8: Moreover he went through the cities of down of Bethhoron unto the plain, whereJuda, destroying the ungodly out of them, were slain about eight hundred men ofand turning away wrath from Israel: them; and the residue fled into the land of9: So that he was renowned unto the utmost the Philistines.part of the earth, and he received unto him 25: Then began the fear of Judas and hissuch as were ready to perish. brethren, and an exceeding great dread, to10: Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles fall upon the nations round about them:together, and a great host out of Samaria, to 26: Insomuch as his fame came unto thefight against Israel. king, and all nations talked of the battles of11: Which thing when Judas perceived, he Judas.went forth to meet him, and so he smote 27: Now when king Antiochus heard thesehim, and slew him: many also fell down things, he was full of indignation: whereforeslain, but the rest fled. he sent and gathered together all the forces12: Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and of his realm, even a very strong army. 161
  • 28: He opened also his treasure, and gave his a power also of Syria and of the land of thesoldiers pay for a year, commanding them to Philistines joined themselves unto them.be ready whensoever he should need them. 42: Now when Judas and his brethren saw29: Nevertheless, when he saw that the that miseries were multiplied, and that themoney of his treasures failed and that the forces did encamp themselves in their bor-tributes in the country were small, because ders: for they knew how the king had givenof the dissension and plague, which he had commandment to destroy the people, andbrought upon the land in taking away the utterly abolish them;laws which had been of old time; 43: They said one to another, Let us restore30: He feared that he should not be able to the decayed fortune of our people, and let usbear the charges any longer, nor to have fight for our people and the sanctuary.such gifts to give so liberally as he did be- 44: Then was the congregation gatheredfore: for he had abounded above the kings together, that they might be ready for battle,that were before him. and that they might pray, and ask mercy and31: Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his compassion.mind, he determined to go into Persia, there 45: Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness,to take the tributes of the countries, and to there was none of her children that went ingather much money. or out: the sanctuary also was trodden down,32: So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathenthe blood royal, to oversee the affairs of the had their habitation in that place; and joyking from the river Euphrates unto the bor- was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with theders of Egypt: harp ceased.33: And to bring up his son Antiochus, until 46: Wherefore the Israelites assembledhe came again. themselves together, and came to Maspha,34: Moreover he delivered unto him the half over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha wasof his forces, and the elephants, and gave the place where they prayed aforetime inhim charge of all things that he would have Israel.done, as also concerning them that dwelt in 47: Then they fasted that day, and put onJuda and Jerusalem: sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads,35: To wit, that he should send an army and rent their clothes,against them, to destroy and root out the 48: And laid open the book of the law,strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jeru- wherein the heathen had sought to paint thesalem, and to take away their memorial from likeness of their images.that place; 49: They brought also the priests garments,36: And that he should place strangers in all and the firstfruits, and the tithes: and thetheir quarters, and divide their land by lot. Nazarites they stirred up, who had accom-37: So the king took the half of the forces plished their days.that remained, and departed from Antioch, 50: Then cried they with a loud voice towardhis royal city, the hundred forty and seventh heaven, saying, What shall we do with these,year; and having passed the river Euphrates, and whither shall we carry them away?he went through the high countries. 51: For thy sanctuary is trodden down and38: Then Lysias chose Ptolemee the son of profaned, and thy priests are in heaviness,Dorymenes, Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty and brought low.men of the kings friends: 52: And lo, the heathen are assembled to-39: And with them he sent forty thousand gether against us to destroy us: what thingsfootmen, and seven thousand horsemen, to they imagine against us, thou knowest.go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, as 53: How shall we be able to stand againstthe king commanded. them, except thou, O God, be our help?40: So they went forth with all their power, 54: Then sounded they with trumpets, andand came and pitched by Emmaus in the cried with a loud voice.plain country. 55: And after this Judas ordained captains41: And the merchants of the country, hear- over the people, even captains over thou-ing the fame of them, took silver and gold sands, and over hundreds, and over fifties,very much, with servants, and came into the and over tens.camp to buy the children of Israel for slaves: 56: But as for such as were building houses, 162
  • or had betrothed wives, or were planting this day:vineyards, or were fearful, those he com- 11: That so all the heathen may know thatmanded that they should return, every man there is one who delivereth and saveth Is-to his own house, according to the law. rael.57: So the camp removed, and pitched upon 12: Then the strangers lifted up their eyes,the south side of Emmaus. and saw them coming over against them.58: And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be 13: Wherefore they went out of the camp tovaliant men, and see that ye be in readiness battle; but they that were with Judasagainst the morning, that ye may fight with sounded their trumpets.these nations, that are assembled together 14: So they joined battle, and the heathenagainst us to destroy us and our sanctuary: being discomfited fled into the plain.59: For it is better for us to die in battle, 15: Howbeit all the hindmost of them werethan to behold the calamities of our people slain with the sword: for they pursued themand our sanctuary. unto Gazera, and unto the plains of Idumea,60: Nevertheless, as the will of God is in and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that there wereheaven, so let him do. slain of them upon a three thousand men. 16: This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing them, CHAPTER 4 17: And said to the people, Be not greedy ofT hen took Gorgias five thousand footmen, the spoil inasmuch as there is a battle before us,and a thousand of the best horsemen, and 18: And Gorgias and his host are here by usremoved out of the camp by night; in the mountain: but stand ye now against2: To the end he might rush in upon the our enemies, and overcome them, and aftercamp of the Jews, and smite them suddenly. this ye may boldly take the spoils.And the men of the fortress were his guides. 19: As Judas was yet speaking these words,3: Now when Judas heard thereof he himself there appeared a part of them looking out ofremoved, and the valiant men with him, that the mountain:he might smite the kings army which was at 20: Who when they perceived that the JewsEmmaus, had put their host to flight and were burning4: While as yet the forces were dispersed the tents; for the smoke that was seen de-from the camp. clared what was done:5: In the mean season came Gorgias by 21: When therefore they perceived thesenight into the camp of Judas: and when he things, they were sore afraid, and seeing alsofound no man there, he sought them in the the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight,mountains: for said he, These fellows flee 22: They fled every one into the land offrom us strangers.6: But as soon as it was day, Judas shewed 23: Then Judas returned to spoil the tents,himself in the plain with three thousand where they got much gold, and silver, andmen, who nevertheless had neither armour blue silk, and purple of the sea, and greatnor swords to their minds. riches.7: And they saw the camp of the heathen, 24: After this they went home, and sung athat it was strong and well harnessed, and song of thanksgiving, and praised the Lordcompassed round about with horsemen; and in heaven: because it is good, because histhese were expert of war. mercy endureth forever.8: Then said Judas to the men that were with 25: Thus Israel had a great deliverance thathim, Fear ye not their multitude, neither be day.ye afraid of their assault. 26: Now all the strangers that had escaped9: Remember how our fathers were deliv- came and told Lysias what had happened:ered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh pursued 27: Who, when he heard thereof, was con-them with an army. founded and discouraged, because neither10: Now therefore let us cry unto heaven, if such things as he would were done untoperadventure the Lord will have mercy upon Israel, nor such things as the king com-us, and remember the covenant of our fa- manded him were come to pass.thers, and destroy this host before our face 28: The next year therefore following Lysias 163
  • gathered together threescore thousand 43: Who cleansed the sanctuary, and barechoice men of foot, and five thousand out the defiled stones into an unclean place.horsemen, that he might subdue them. 44: And when as they consulted what to do29: So they came into Idumea, and pitched with the altar of burnt offerings, which wastheir tents at Bethsura, and Judas met them profaned;with ten thousand men. 45: They thought it best to pull it down, lest30: And when he saw that mighty army, he it should be a reproach to them, because theprayed and said, Blessed art thou, O Saviour heathen had defiled it: wherefore they pulledof Israel, who didst quell the violence of the it down,mighty man by the hand of thy servant 46: And laid up the stones in the mountainDavid, and gavest the host of strangers into of the temple in a convenient place, untilthe hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and there should come a prophet to shew whathis armourbearer; should be done with them.31: Shut up this army in the hand of thy 47: Then they took whole stones accordingpeople Israel, and let them be confounded in to the law, and built a new altar according totheir power and horsemen: the former;32: Make them to be of no courage, and 48: And made up the sanctuary, and thecause the boldness of their strength to fall things that were within the temple, and hal-away, and let them quake at their destruc- lowed the courts.tion: 49: They made also new holy vessels, and33: Cast them down with the sword of them into the temple they brought the candlestick,that love thee, and let all those that know and the altar of burnt offerings, and of in-thy name praise thee with thanksgiving. cense, and the table.34: So they joined battle; and there were 50: And upon the altar they burned incense,slain of the host of Lysias about five thou- and the lamps that were upon the candle-sand men, even before them were they slain. stick they lighted, that they might give light35: Now when Lysias saw his army put to in the temple.flight, and the manliness of Judas soldiers, 51: Furthermore they set the loaves uponand how they were ready either to live or die the table, and spread out the veils, and fin-valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gath- ished all the works which they had begun toered together a company of strangers, and make.having made his army greater than it was, he 52: Now on the five and twentieth day ofpurposed to come again into Judea. the ninth month, which is called the month36: Then said Judas and his brethren, Be- Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year,hold, our enemies are discomfited: let us go they rose up betimes in the morning,up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary. 53: And offered sacrifice according to the37: Upon this all the host assembled them- law upon the new altar of burnt offerings,selves together, and went up into mount which they had made.Sion. 54: Look, at what time and what day the38: And when they saw the sanctuary deso- heathen had profaned it, even in that was itlate, and the altar profaned, and the gates dedicated with songs, and citherns, andburned up, and shrubs growing in the courts harps, and cymbals.as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, 55: Then all the people fell upon their faces,yea, and the priests chambers pulled down; worshipping and praising the God of39: They rent their clothes, and made great heaven, who had given them good success.lamentation, and cast ashes upon their 56: And so they kept the dedication of theheads, altar eight days and offered burnt offerings40: And fell down flat to the ground upon with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice oftheir faces, and blew an alarm with the trum- deliverance and praise.pets, and cried toward heaven. 57: They decked also the forefront of the41: Then Judas appointed certain men to temple with crowns of gold, and withfight against those that were in the fortress, shields; and the gates and the chambers theyuntil he had cleansed the sanctuary. renewed, and hanged doors upon them.42: So he chose priests of blameless conver- 58: Thus was there very great gladnesssation, such as had pleasure in the law: among the people, for that the reproach of 164
  • the heathen was put away. Dathema.59: Moreover Judas and his brethren with 10: And sent letters unto Judas and histhe whole congregation of Israel ordained, brethren, The heathen that are round aboutthat the days of the dedication of the altar us are assembled together against us to de-should be kept in their season from year to stroy us:year by the space of eight days, from the five 11: And they are preparing to come and takeand twentieth day of the month Casleu, with the fortress whereunto we are fled,mirth and gladness. Timotheus being captain of their host.60: At that time also they builded up the 12: Come now therefore, and deliver usmount Sion with high walls and strong tow- from their hands, for many of us are slain:ers round about, lest the Gentiles should 13: Yea, all our brethren that were in thecome and tread it down as they had done places of Tobie are put to death: their wivesbefore. and their children also they have carried61: And they set there a garrison to keep it, away captives, and borne away their stuff;and fortified Bethsura to preserve it; that the and they have destroyed there about a thou-people might have a defence against Idumea. sand men. 14: While these letters were yet reading, behold, there came other messengers from CHAPTER 5 Galilee with their clothes rent, who reportedN ow when the nations round about heard on this wise, 15: And said, They of Ptolemais, and ofthat the altar was built and the sanctuary Tyrus, and Sidon, and all Galilee of the Gen-renewed as before, it displeased them very tiles, are assembled together against us tomuch. consume us.2: Wherefore they thought to destroy the 16: Now when Judas and the people heardgeneration of Jacob that was among them, these words, there assembled a great congre-and thereupon they began to slay and de- gation together, to consult what they shouldstroy the people. do for their brethren, that were in trouble,3: Then Judas fought against the children of and assaulted of them.Esau in Idumea at Arabattine, because they 17: Then said Judas unto Simon his brother,besieged Gael: and he gave them a great Choose thee out men, and go and deliver thyoverthrow, and abated their courage, and brethren that are in Galilee, for I and Jona-took their spoils. than my brother will go into the country of4: Also he remembered the injury of the Galaad.children of Bean, who had been a snare and 18: So he left Joseph the son of Zacharias,an offence unto the people, in that they lay and Azarias, captains of the people, with thein wait for them in the ways. remnant of the host in Judea to keep it.5: He shut them up therefore in the towers, 19: Unto whom he gave commandment,and encamped against them, and destroyed saying, Take ye the charge of this people,them utterly, and burned the towers of that and see that ye make not war against theplace with fire, and all that were therein. heathen until the time that we come again.6: Afterward he passed over to the children 20: Now unto Simon were given three thou-of Ammon, where he found a mighty power, sand men to go into Galilee, and unto Judasand much people, with Timotheus their eight thousand men for the country ofcaptain. Galaad.7: So he fought many battles with them, till 21: Then went Simon into Galilee, where heat length they were discomfited before him; fought many battles with the heathen, soand he smote them. that the heathen were discomfited by him.8: And when he had taken Jazar, with the 22: And he pursued them unto the gate oftowns belonging thereto, he returned into Ptolemais; and there were slain of the hea-Judea. then about three thousand men, whose9: Then the heathen that were at Galaad spoils he took.assembled themselves together against the 23: And those that were in Galilee, and inIsraelites that were in their quarters, to de- Arbattis, with their wives and their children,stroy them; but they fled to the fortress of and all that they had, took he away with him, 165
  • and brought them into Judea with great joy. 38: So Judas sent men to espy the host, who24: Judas Maccabeus also and his brother brought him word, saying, All the heathenJonathan went over Jordan, and travelled that be round about us are assembled untothree days journey in the wilderness, them, even a very great host.25: Where they met with the Nabathites, 39: He hath also hired the Arabians to helpwho came unto them in a peaceable manner, them and they have pitched their tents be-and told them every thing that had hap- yond the brook, ready to come and fightpened to their brethren in the land of against thee. Upon this Judas went to meetGalaad: them.26: And how that many of them were shut 40: Then Timotheus said unto the captainsup in Bosora, and Bosor, and Alema, Cas- of his host, When Judas and his host comephor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these cities near the brook, if he pass over first unto us,are strong and great: we shall not be able to withstand him; for he27: And that they were shut up in the rest of will mightily prevail against us:the cities of the country of Galaad, and that 41: But if he be afraid, and camp beyond theagainst to morrow they had appointed to river, we shall go over unto him, and prevailbring their host against the forts, and to take against him.them, and to destroy them all in one day. 42: Now when Judas came near the brook,28: Hereupon Judas and his host turned he caused the scribes of the people to re-suddenly by the way of the wilderness unto main by the brook: unto whom he gaveBosora; and when he had won the city, he commandment, saying, Suffer no man toslew all the males with the edge of the remain in the camp, but let all come to thesword, and took all their spoils, and burned battle.the city with fire, 43: So he went first over unto them, and all29: From whence he removed by night, and the people after him: then all the heathen,went till he came to the fortress. being discomfited before him, cast away30: And betimes in the morning they looked their weapons, and fled unto the temple thatup, and, behold, there was an innumerable was at Carnaim.people bearing ladders and other engines of 44: But they took the city, and burned thewar, to take the fortress: for they assaulted temple with all that were therein. Thus wasthem. Carnaim subdued, neither could they stand31: When Judas therefore saw that the battle any longer before Judas.was begun, and that the cry of the city went 45: Then Judas gathered together all theup to heaven, with trumpets, and a great Israelites that were in the country of Galaad,sound, from the least unto the greatest, even their32: He said unto his host, Fight this day for wives, and their children, and their stuff, ayour brethren. very great host, to the end they might come33: So he went forth behind them in three into the land of Judea.companies, who sounded their trumpets, 46: Now when they came unto Ephron, (thisand cried with prayer. was a great city in the way as they should go,34: Then the host of Timotheus, knowing very well fortified) they could not turn fromthat it was Maccabeus, fled from him: it, either on the right hand or the left, butwherefore he smote them with a great must needs pass through the midst of it.slaughter; so that there were killed of them 47: Then they of the city shut them out, andthat day about eight thousand men. stopped up the gates with stones.35: This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; 48: Whereupon Judas sent unto them inand after he had assaulted it he took and peaceable manner, saying, Let us passslew all the males therein, and received the through your land to go into our own coun-spoils thereof and and burnt it with fire. try, and none shall do you any hurt; we will36: From thence went he, and took Cas- only pass through on foot: howbeit theyphon, Maged, Bosor, and the other cities of would not open unto him.the country of Galaad. 49: Wherefore Judas commanded a procla-37: After these things gathered Timotheus mation to be made throughout the host, thatanother host and encamped against Raphon every man should pitch his tent in the placebeyond the brook. where he was. 166
  • 50: So the soldiers pitched, and assaulted the the towers thereof round about.city all that day and all that night, till at the 66: From thence he removed to go into thelength the city was delivered into his hands: land of the Philistines, and passed through51: Who then slew all the males with the Samaria.edge of the sword, and rased the city, and 67: At that time certain priests, desirous totook the spoils thereof, and passed through shew their valour, were slain in battle, forthe city over them that were slain. that they went out to fight unadvisedly.52: After this went they over Jordan into the 68: So Judas turned to Azotus in the land ofgreat plain before Bethsan. the Philistines, and when he had pulled53: And Judas gathered together those that down their altars, and burned their carvedcame behind, and exhorted the people all images with fire, and spoiled their cities, hethe way through, till they came into the land returned into the land of Judea.of Judea.54: So they went up to mount Sion with joyand gladness, where they offered burnt of- CHAPTER 6ferings, because not one of them were slainuntil they had returned in peace. A bout that time king Antiochus travelling55: Now what time as Judas and Jonathan through the high countries heard say, thatwere in the land of Galaad, and Simon his Elymais in the country of Persia was a citybrother in Galilee before Ptolemais, greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;56: Joseph the son of Zacharias, and 2: And that there was in it a very rich tem-Azarias, captains of the garrisons, heard of ple, wherein were coverings of gold, andthe valiant acts and warlike deeds which they breastplates, and shields, which Alexander,had done. son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who57: Wherefore they said, Let us also get us a reigned first among the Grecians, had leftname, and go fight against the heathen that there.are round about us. 3: Wherefore he came and sought to take58: So when they had given charge unto the the city, and to spoil it; but he was not able,garrison that was with them, they went to- because they of the city, having had warningward Jamnia. thereof,59: Then came Gorgias and his men out of 4: Rose up against him in battle: so he fled,the city to fight against them. and departed thence with great heaviness,60: And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras and returned to Babylon.were put to flight, and pursued unto the 5: Moreover there came one who broughtborders of Judea: and there were slain that him tidings into Persia, that the armies,day of the people of Israel about two thou- which went against the land of Judea, weresand men. put to flight:61: Thus was there a great overthrow among 6: And that Lysias, who went forth first withthe children of Israel, because they were not a great power was driven away of the Jews;obedient unto Judas and his brethren, but and that they were made strong by the ar-thought to do some valiant act. mour, and power, and store of spoils, which62: Moreover these men came not of the they had gotten of the armies, whom theyseed of those, by whose hand deliverance had destroyed:was given unto Israel. 7: Also that they had pulled down the63: Howbeit the man Judas and his brethren abomination, which he had set up upon thewere greatly renowned in the sight of all altar in Jerusalem, and that they had com-Israel, and of all the heathen, wheresoever passed about the sanctuary with high walls,their name was heard of; as before, and his city Bethsura.64: Insomuch as the the people assembled 8: Now when the king heard these words, heunto them with joyful acclamations. was astonished and sore moved: whereupon65: Afterward went Judas forth with his he laid him down upon his bed, and fell sickbrethren, and fought against the children of for grief, because it had not befallen him asEsau in the land toward the south, where he he looked for.smote Hebron, and the towns thereof, and 9: And there he continued many days: forpulled down the fortress of it, and burned his grief was ever more and more, and he 167
  • made account that he should die. 25: Neither have they stretched out their10: Wherefore he called for all his friends, hand against us only, but also against theirand said unto them, The sleep is gone from borders.mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very care. 26: And, behold, this day are they besieging11: And I thought with myself, Into what the tower at Jerusalem, to take it: the sanctu-tribulation am I come, and how great a flood ary also and Bethsura have they fortified.of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was 27: Wherefore if thou dost not prevent thembountiful and beloved in my power. quickly, they will do the greater things than12: But now I remember the evils that I did these, neither shalt thou be able to ruleat Jerusalem, and that I took all the vessels them.of gold and silver that were therein, and sent 28: Now when the king heard this, he wasto destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a angry, and gathered together all his friends,cause. and the captains of his army, and those that13: I perceive therefore that for this cause had charge of the horse.these troubles are come upon me, and, be- 29: There came also unto him from otherhold, I perish through great grief in a strange kingdoms, and from isles of the sea, bandsland. of hired soldiers.14: Then called he for Philip, one of his 30: So that the number of his army was anfriends, who he made ruler over all his hundred thousand footmen, and twentyrealm, thousand horsemen, and two and thirty15: And gave him the crown, and his robe, elephants exercised in battle.and his signet, to the end he should bring up 31: These went through Idumea, andhis son Antiochus, and nourish him up for pitched against Bethsura, which they as-the kingdom. saulted many days, making engines of war;16: So king Antiochus died there in the hun- but they of Bethsura came out, and burneddred forty and ninth year. them with fire, and fought valiantly.17: Now when Lysias knew that the king 32: Upon this Judas removed from thewas dead, he set up Antiochus his son, tower, and pitched in Bathzacharias, overwhom he had brought up being young, to against the kings camp.reign in his stead, and his name he called 33: Then the king rising very early marchedEupator. fiercely with his host toward Bathzacharias,18: About this time they that were in the where his armies made them ready to battle,tower shut up the Israelites round about the and sounded the trumpets.sanctuary, and sought always their hurt, and 34: And to the end they might provoke thethe strengthening of the heathen. elephants to fight, they shewed them the19: Wherefore Judas, purposing to destroy blood of grapes and mulberries.them, called all the people together to be- 35: Moreover they divided the beasts amongsiege them. the armies, and for every elephant they ap-20: So they came together, and besieged pointed a thousand men, armed with coatsthem in the hundred and fiftieth year, and he of mail, and with helmets of brass on theirmade mounts for shot against them, and heads; and beside this, for every beast wereother engines. ordained five hundred horsemen of the best.21: Howbeit certain of them that were be- 36: These were ready at every occasion:sieged got forth, unto whom some ungodly wheresoever the beast was, and whitherso-men of Israel joined themselves: ever the beast went, they went also, neither22: And they went unto the king, and said, departed they from him.How long will it be ere thou execute judg- 37: And upon the beasts were there strongment, and avenge our brethren? towers of wood, which covered every one of23: We have been willing to serve thy father, them, and were girt fast unto them withand to do as he would have us, and to obey devices: there were also upon every one twohis commandments; and thirty strong men, that fought upon24: For which cause they of our nation be- them, beside the Indian that ruled him.siege the tower, and are alienated from us: 38: As for the remnant of the horsemen,moreover as many of us as they could light they set them on this side and that side aton they slew, and spoiled our inheritance. the two parts of the host giving them signs 168
  • what to do, and being harnessed all over and they in Judea that were delivered fromamidst the ranks. the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the39: Now when the sun shone upon the store;)shields of gold and brass, the mountains 54: There were but a few left in the sanctu-glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of ary, because the famine did so prevail againstfire. them, that they were fain to disperse them-40: So part of the kings army being spread selves, every man to his own place.upon the high mountains, and part on the 55: At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip,valleys below, they marched on safely and in whom Antiochus the king, whiles he lived,order. had appointed to bring up his son Antio-41: Wherefore all that heard the noise of chus, that he might be king,their multitude, and the marching of the 56: Was returned out of Persia and Media,company, and the rattling of the harness, and the kings host also that went with him,were moved: for the army was very great and that he sought to take unto him theand mighty. ruling of the affairs.42: Then Judas and his host drew near, and 57: Wherefore he went in all haste, and saidentered into battle, and there were slain of to the king and the captains of the host andthe kings army six hundred men. the company, We decay daily, and our vict-43: Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiv- uals are but small, and the place we lay siegeing that one of the beasts, armed with royal unto is strong, and the affairs of the king-harness, was higher than all the rest, and dom lie upon us:supposing that the king was upon him, 58: Now therefore let us be friends with44: Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he these men, and make peace with them, andmight deliver his people, and get him a per- with all their nation;petual name: 59: And covenant with them, that they shall45: Wherefore he ran upon him coura- live after their laws, as they did before: forgeously through the midst of the battle, they are therefore displeased, and have doneslaying on the right hand and on the left, so all these things, because we abolished theirthat they were divided from him on both laws.sides. 60: So the king and the princes were con-46: Which done, he crept under the ele- tent: wherefore he sent unto them to makephant, and thrust him under, and slew him: peace; and they accepted thereof.whereupon the elephant fell down upon 61: Also the king and the princes made anhim, and there he died. oath unto them: whereupon they went out47: Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the of the strong hold.strength of the king, and the violence of his 62: Then the king entered into mount Sion;forces, turned away from them. but when he saw the strength of the place,48: Then the kings army went up to Jerusa- he broke his oath that he had made, andlem to meet them, and the king pitched his gave commandment to pull down the walltents against Judea, and against mount Sion. round about.49: But with them that were in Bethsura he 63: Afterward departed he in all haste, andmade peace: for they came out of the city, returned unto Antiochia, where he foundbecause they had no victuals there to endure Philip to be master of the city: so he foughtthe siege, it being a year of rest to the land. against him, and took the city by force.50: So the king took Bethsura, and set agarrison there to keep it.51: As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many CHAPTER 7days: and set there artillery with engines andinstruments to cast fire and stones, and I n the hundred and one and fiftieth yearpieces to cast darts and slings. Demetrius the son of Seleucus departed52: Whereupon they also made engines from Rome, and came up with a few menagainst their engines, and held them battle a unto a city of the sea coast, and reignedlong season. there.53: Yet at the last, their vessels being with- 2: And as he entered into the palace of hisout victuals, (for that it was the seventh year, ancestors, so it was, that his forces had taken 169
  • Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them unto 18: Wherefore the fear and dread of themhim. fell upon all the people, who said, There is3: Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let neither truth nor righteousness in them; forme not see their faces. they have broken the covenant and oath that4: So his host slew them. Now when De- they made.metrius was set upon the throne of his king- 19: After this, removed Bacchides fromdom, Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bezeth,5: There came unto him all the wicked and where he sent and took many of the menungodly men of Israel, having Alcimus, who that had forsaken him, and certain of thewas desirous to be high priest, for their cap- people also, and when he had slain them, hetain: cast them into the great pit.6: And they accused the people to the king, 20: Then committed he the country to Al-saying, Judas and his brethren have slain all cimus, and left with him a power to aid him:thy friends, and driven us out of our own so Bacchides went to the king.land. 21: But Alcimus contended for the high7: Now therefore send some man whom priesthood.thou trustest, and let him go and see what 22: And unto him resorted all such as trou-havock he hath made among us, and in the bled the people, who, after they had gottenkings land, and let him punish them with all the land of Juda into their power, did muchthem that aid them. hurt in Israel.8: Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend 23: Now when Judas saw all the mischiefof the king, who ruled beyond the flood, and that Alcimus and his company had donewas a great man in the kingdom, and faithful among the Israelites, even above the hea-to the king, then,9: And him he sent with that wicked Al- 24: He went out into all the coasts of Judeacimus, whom he made high priest, and com- round about, and took vengeance of themmanded that he should take vengeance of that had revolted from him, so that theythe children of Israel. durst no more go forth into the country.10: So they departed, and came with a great 25: On the other side, when Alcimus sawpower into the land of Judea, where they that Judas and his company had gotten thesent messengers to Judas and his brethren upper hand, and knew that he was not ablewith peaceable words deceitfully. to abide their force, he went again to the11: But they gave no heed to their words; for king, and said all the worst of them that hethey saw that they were come with a great could.power. 26: Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his12: Then did there assemble unto Alcimus honourable princes, a man that bare deadlyand Bacchides a company of scribes, to re- hate unto Israel, with commandment toquire justice. destroy the people.13: Now the Assideans were the first among 27: So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with athe children of Israel that sought peace of great force; and sent unto Judas and histhem: brethren deceitfully with friendly words,14: For said they, One that is a priest of the saying,seed of Aaron is come with this army, and 28: Let there be no battle between me andhe will do us no wrong. you; I will come with a few men, that I may15: So he spake unto them, peaceably, and see you in peace.sware unto them, saying, we will procure the 29: He came therefore to Judas, and theyharm neither of you nor your friends. saluted one another peaceably. Howbeit the16: Whereupon they believed him: howbeit enemies were prepared to take away Judashe took of them threescore men, and slew by violence.them in one day, according to the words 30: Which thing after it was known to Judas,which he wrote, to wit, that he came unto him with deceit, he17: The flesh of thy saints have they cast was sore afraid of him, and would see hisout, and their blood have they shed round face no more.about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury 31: Nicanor also, when he saw that his coun-them. sel was discovered, went out to fight against 170
  • Judas beside Capharsalama: them that pursued them, were all slain with32: Where there were slain of Nicanors side the sword, and not one of them was left.about five thousand men, and the rest fled 47: Afterwards they took the spoils, and theinto the city of David. prey, and smote off Nicanors head, and his33: After this went Nicanor up to mount right hand, which he stretched out soSion, and there came out of the sanctuary proudly, and brought them away, andcertain of the priests and certain of the eld- hanged them up toward Jerusalem.ers of the people, to salute him peaceably, 48: For this cause the people rejoicedand to shew him the burnt sacrifice that was greatly, and they kept that day a day of greatoffered for the king. gladness.34: But he mocked them, and laughed at 49: Moreover they ordained to keep yearlythem, and abused them shamefully, and this day, being the thirteenth of Adar.spake proudly, 50: Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little35: And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless while.Judas and his host be now delivered into myhands, if ever I come again in safety, I willburn up this house: and with that he went CHAPTER 8out in a great rage.36: Then the priests entered in, and stood Now Judas had heard of the the Romans,before the altar and the temple, weeping, that they were mighty and valiant men, andand saying, such as would lovingly accept all that joined37: Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house themselves unto them, and make a league ofto be called by thy name, and to be a house amity with all that came unto them;of prayer and petition for thy people: 2: And that they were men of great valour. It38: Be avenged of this man and his host, and was told him also of their wars and noblelet them fall by the sword: remember their acts which they had done among the Gala-blasphemies, and suffer them not to con- tians, and how they had conquered them,tinue any longer. and brought them under tribute;39: So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and 3: And what they had done in the country ofpitched his tents in Bethhoron, where an Spain, for the winning of the mines of thehost out of Syria met him. silver and gold which is there;40: But Judas pitched in Adasa with three 4: And that by their policy and patience theythousand men, and there he prayed, saying, had conquered all the place, though it were41: O Lord, when they that were sent from very far from them; and the kings also thatthe king of the Assyrians blasphemed, thine came against them from the uttermost partangel went out, and smote an hundred four- of the earth, till they had discomfited them,score and five thousand of them. and given them a great overthrow, so that42: Even so destroy thou this host before us the rest did give them tribute every year:this day, that the rest may know that he hath 5: Beside this, how they had discomfited inspoken blasphemously against thy sanctuary, battle Philip, and Perseus, king of theand judge thou him according to his wicked- Citims, with others that lifted up themselvesness. against them, and had overcome them:43: So the thirteenth day of the month Adar 6: How also Antiochus the great king ofthe hosts joined battle: but Nicanors host Asia, that came against them in battle, hav-was discomfited, and he himself was first ing an hundred and twenty elephants, withslain in the battle. horsemen, and chariots, and a very great44: Now when Nicanors host saw that he army, was discomfited by them;was slain, they cast away their weapons, and 7: And how they took him alive, and cove-fled. nanted that he and such as reigned after him45: Then they pursued after them a days should pay a great tribute, and give hostages,journey, from Adasa unto Gazera, sounding and that which was agreed upon,an alarm after them with their trumpets. 8: And the country of India, and Media and46: Whereupon they came forth out of all Lydia and of the goodliest countries, whichthe towns of Judea round about, and closed they took of him, and gave to king Eume-them in; so that they, turning back upon nes: 171
  • 9: Moreover how the Grecians had deter- the senate wrote back again in tables ofmined to come and destroy them; brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there they10: And that they, having knowledge thereof might have by them a memorial of peacesent against them a certain captain, and and confederacy:fighting with them slew many of them, and 23: Good success be to the Romans, and tocarried away captives their wives and their the people of the Jews, by sea and by landchildren, and spoiled them, and took posses- for ever: the sword also and enemy be farsion of their lands, and pulled down their from them,strong holds, and brought them to be their 24: If there come first any war upon theservants unto this day: Romans or any of their confederates11: It was told him besides, how they de- throughout all their dominion,stroyed and brought under their dominion 25: The people of the Jews shall help them,all other kingdoms and isles that at any time as the time shall be appointed, with all theirresisted them; heart:12: But with their friends and such as relied 26: Neither shall they give any thing untoupon them they kept amity: and that they them that make war upon them, or aid themhad conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as itinsomuch as all that heard of their name hath seemed good unto the Romans; butwere afraid of them: they shall keep their covenants without tak-13: Also that, whom they would help to a ing any thing therefore.kingdom, those reign; and whom again they 27: In the same manner also, if war comewould, they displace: finally, that they were first upon the nation of the Jews, the Ro-greatly exalted: mans shall help them with all their heart,14: Yet for all this none of them wore a according as the time shall be appointedcrown or was clothed in purple, to be mag- them:nified thereby: 28: Neither shall victuals be given to them15: Moreover how they had made for them- that take part against them, or weapons, orselves a senate house, wherein three hundred money, or ships, as it hath seemed good toand twenty men sat in council daily, consult- the Romans; but they shall keep their cove-ing alway for the people, to the end they nants, and that without deceit.might be well ordered: 29: According to these articles did the Ro-16: And that they committed their govern- mans make a covenant with the people ofment to one man every year, who ruled over the Jews.all their country, and that all were obedient 30: Howbeit if hereafter the one party or theto that one, and that there was neither envy other shall think to meet to add or diminishnor emmulation among them. any thing, they may do it at their pleasures,17: In consideration of these things, Judas and whatsoever they shall add or take awaychose Eupolemus the son of John, the son shall be ratified.of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and 31: And as touching the evils that Demetriussent them to Rome, to make a league of doeth to the Jews, we have written untoamity and confederacy with them, him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke18: And to intreat them that they would take heavy upon our friends and confederates thethe yoke from them; for they saw that the Jews?kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel 32: If therefore they complain any morewith servitude. against thee, we will do them justice, and19: They went therefore to Rome, which fight with thee by sea and by land.was a very great journey, and came into thesenate, where they spake and said.20: Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and CHAPTER 9the people of the Jews, have sent us untoyou, to make a confederacy and peace with F urthermore, when Demetrius heard theyou, and that we might be registered your Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, heconfederates and friends. sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of21: So that matter pleased the Romans well. Judea the second time, and with them the22: And this is the copy of the epistle which chief strength of his host: 172
  • 2: Who went forth by the way that leadeth 16: But when they of the left wing saw thatto Galgala, and pitched their tents before they of the right wing were discomfited, theyMasaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they followed upon Judas and those that werehad won it, they slew much people. with him hard at the heels from behind:3: Also the first month of the hundred fifty 17: Whereupon there was a sore battle, inso-and second year they encamped before Jeru- much as many were slain on both parts.salem: 18: Judas also was killed, and the remnant4: From whence they removed, and went to fled.Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and 19: Then Jonathan and Simon took Judastwo thousand horsemen. their brother, and buried him in the sepul-5: Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, chre of his fathers in Modin.and three thousand chosen men with him: 20: Moreover they bewailed him, and all6: Who seeing the multitude of the other Israel made great lamentation for him, andarmy to he so great were sore afraid; where- mourned many days, saying,upon many conveyed themselves out of the 21: How is the valiant man fallen, that deliv-host, insomuch as abode of them no more ered Israel!but eight hundred men. 22: As for the other things concerning Judas7: When Judas therefore saw that his host and his wars, and the noble acts which heslipt away, and that the battle pressed upon did, and his greatness, they are not written:him, he was sore troubled in mind, and for they were very many.much distressed, for that he had no time to 23: Now after the death of Judas the wickedgather them together. began to put forth their heads in all the8: Nevertheless unto them that remained he coasts of Israel, and there arose up all suchsaid, Let us arise and go up against our ene- as wrought iniquity.mies, if peradventure we may be able to 24: In those days also was there a very greatfight with them. famine, by reason whereof the country re-9: But they dehorted him, saying, We shall volted, and went with them.never be able: let us now rather save our 25: Then Bacchides chose the wicked men,lives, and hereafter we will return with our and made them lords of the country.brethren, and fight against them: for we are 26: And they made enquiry and search forbut few. Judas friends, and brought them unto Bac-10: Then Judas said, God forbid that I chides, who took vengeance of them, andshould do this thing, and flee away from used them despitefully.them: if our time be come, let us die man- 27: So was there a great affliction in Israel,fully for our brethren, and let us not stain the like whereof was not since the time thatour honour. a prophet was not seen among them.11: With that the host of Bacchides removed 28: For this cause all Judas friends cameout of their tents, and stood over against together, and said unto Jonathan,them, their horsemen being divided into two 29: Since thy brother Judas died, we have notroops, and their slingers and archers going man like him to go forth against our ene-before the host and they that marched in the mies, and Bacchides, and against them offoreward were all mighty men. our nation that are adversaries to us.12: As for Bacchides, he was in the right 30: Now therefore we have chosen thee thiswing: so the host drew near on the two day to be our prince and captain in his stead,parts, and sounded their trumpets. that thou mayest fight our battles.13: They also of Judas side, even they 31: Upon this Jonathan took the governancesounded their trumpets also, so that the upon him at that time, and rose up insteadearth shook at the noise of the armies, and of his brother Judas.the battle continued from morning till night. 32: But when Bacchides gat knowledge14: Now when Judas perceived that Bac- thereof, he sought for to slay himchides and the strength of his army were on 33: Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother,the right side, he took with him all the hardy and all that were with him, perceiving that,men, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and15: Who discomfited the right wing, and pitched their tents by the water of the poolpursued them unto the mount Azotus. Asphar. 173
  • 34: Which when Bacchides understood, he him leapt into Jordan, and swam over untocame near to Jordan with all his host upon the other bank: howbeit the other passedthe sabbath day. not over Jordan unto them.35: Now Jonathan had sent his brother 49: So there were slain of Bacchides sideJohn, a captain of the people, to pray his that day about a thousand men.friends the Nabathites, that they might leave 50: Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusa-with them their carriage, which was much. lem and repaired the strong cites in Judea;36: But the children of Jambri came out of the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Beth-Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, horon, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Phara-and went their way with it. thoni, and Taphon, these did he strengthen37: After this came word to Jonathan and with high walls, with gates and with bars.Simon his brother, that the children of Jam- 51: And in them he set a garrison, that theybri made a great marriage, and were bringing might work malice upon Israel.the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, 52: He fortified also the city Bethsura, andas being the daughter of one of the great Gazera, and the tower, and put forces inprinces of Chanaan. them, and provision of victuals.38: Therefore they remembered John their 53: Besides, he took the chief mens sons inbrother, and went up, and hid themselves the country for hostages, and put them intounder the covert of the mountain: the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.39: Where they lifted up their eyes, and 54: Moreover in the hundred fifty and thirdlooked, and, behold, there was much ado year, in the second month, Alcimus com-and great carriage: and the bridegroom came manded that the wall of the inner court offorth, and his friends and brethren, to meet the sanctuary should be pulled down; hethem with drums, and instruments of mu- pulled down also the works of the prophetssick, and many weapons. 55: And as he began to pull down, even at40: Then Jonathan and they that were with that time was Alcimus plagued, and his en-him rose up against them from the place terprizes hindered: for his mouth waswhere they lay in ambush, and made a stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, soslaughter of them in such sort, as many fell that he could no more speak any thing, nordown dead, and the remnant fled into the give order concerning his house.mountain, and they took all their spoils. 56: So Alcimus died at that time with great41: Thus was the marriage turned into torment.mourning, and the noise of their melody 57: Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimusinto lamentation. was dead, he returned to the king: where-42: So when they had avenged fully the upon the land of Judea was in rest two years.blood of their brother, they turned again to 58: Then all the ungodly men held a council,the marsh of Jordan. saying, Behold, Jonathan and his company43: Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he are at ease, and dwell without care: nowcame on the sabbath day unto the banks of therefore we will bring Bacchides hither,Jordan with a great power. who shall take them all in one night.44: Then Jonathan said to his company, Let 59: So they went and consulted with him.us go up now and fight for our lives, for it 60: Then removed he, and came with a greatstandeth not with us to day, as in time past: host, and sent letters privily to his adherents45: For, behold, the battle is before us and in Judea, that they should take Jonathan andbehind us, and the water of Jordan on this those that were with him: howbeit theyside and that side, the marsh likewise and could not, because their counsel was knownwood, neither is there place for us to turn unto them.aside. 61: Wherefore they took of the men of the46: Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that country, that were authors of that mischief,ye may be delivered from the hand of your about fifty persons, and slew them.enemies. 62: Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and47: With that they joined battle, and Jona- they that were with him, got them away tothan stretched forth his hand to smite Bac- Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, andchides, but he turned back from him. they repaired the decays thereof, and made it48: Then Jonathan and they that were with strong. 174
  • 63: Which thing when Bacchides knew, he Jonathan with loving words, so as he magni-gathered together all his host, and sent word fied him.to them that were of Judea. 4: For said he, Let us first make peace with64: Then went he and laid siege against him, before he join with Alexander againstBethbasi; and they fought against it a long us:season and made engines of war. 5: Else he will remember all the evils that we65: But Jonathan left his brother Simon in have done against him, and against histhe city, and went forth himself into the brethren and his people.country, and with a certain number went he 6: Wherefore he gave him authority toforth. gather together an host, and to provide66: And he smote Odonarkes and his breth- weapons, that he might aid him in battle: heren, and the children of Phasiron in their commanded also that the hostages that weretent. in the tower should be delivered him.67: And when he began to smite them, and 7: Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, andcame up with his forces, Simon and his read the letters in the audience of all thecompany went out of the city, and burned people, and of them that were in the tower:up the engines of war, 8: Who were sore afraid, when they heard68: And fought against Bacchides, who was that the king had given him authority todiscomfited by them, and they afflicted him gather together an host.sore: for his counsel and travail was in vain. 9: Whereupon they of the tower delivered69: Wherefore he was very wroth at the their hostages unto Jonathan, and he deliv-wicked men that gave him counsel to come ered them unto their parents.into the country, inasmuch as he slew many 10: This done, Jonathan settled himself inof them, and purposed to return into his Jerusalem, and began to build and repair theown country. city.70: Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, 11: And he commanded the workmen tohe sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he build the walls and the mount Sion andshould make peace with him, and deliver about with square stones for fortification;them the prisoners. and they did so.71: Which thing he accepted, and did ac- 12: Then the strangers, that were in the for-cording to his demands, and sware unto him tresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;that he would never do him harm all the 13: Insomuch as every man left his place,days of his life. and went into his own country.72: When therefore he had restored unto 14: Only at Bethsura certain of those thathim the prisoners that he had taken afore- had forsaken the law and the command-time out of the land of Judea, he returned ments remained still: for it was their place ofand went his way into his own land, neither refuge.came he any more into their borders. 15: Now when king Alexander had heard73: Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but what promises Demetrius had sent untoJonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to Jonathan: when also it was told him of thegovern the people; and he destroyed the battles and noble acts which he and hisungodly men out of Israel. brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured, 16: He said, Shall we find such another man? CHAPTER 10 now therefore we will make him our friendI n the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, and confederate. 17: Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent itthe son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, unto him, according to these words, saying,went up and took Ptolemais: for the people 18: King Alexander to his brother Jonathanhad received him, by means whereof he sendeth greeting:reigned there, 19: We have heard of thee, that thou art a2: Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, man of great power, and meet to be ourhe gathered together an exceeding great friend.host, and went forth against him to fight. 20: Wherefore now this day we ordain thee3: Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto to be the high priest of thy nation, and to be 175
  • called the kings friend; (and therewithal he and the three days before the feast, and thesent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) three days after the feast shall be all of im-and require thee to take our part, and keep munity and freedom for all the Jews in myfriendship with us. realm.21: So in the seventh month of the hundred 35: Also no man shall have authority toand sixtieth year, at the feast of the taberna- meddle with or to molest any of them in anycles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and matter.gathered together forces, and provided 36: I will further, that there be enrolledmuch armour. among the kings forces about thirty thou-22: Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was sand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shallvery sorry, and said, be given, as belongeth to all kings forces.23: What have we done, that Alexander hath 37: And of them some shall be placed in theprevented us in making amity with the Jews kings strong holds, of whom also some shallto strengthen himself? be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which24: I also will write unto them words of are of trust: and I will that their overseersencouragement, and promise them dignities and governors be of themselves, and thatand gifts, that I may have their aid. they live after their own laws, even as the25: He sent unto them therefore to this ef- king hath commanded in the land of Judea.fect: King Demetrius unto the people of the 38: And concerning the three governmentsJews sendeth greeting: that are added to Judea from the country of26: Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, thatand continued in our friendship, not joining they may be reckoned to be under one, noryourselves with our enemies, we have heard bound to obey other authority than the highhereof, and are glad. priests.27: Wherefore now continue ye still to be 39: As for Ptolemais, and the land pertainingfaithful unto us, and we will well recom- thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanctu-pense you for the things ye do in our behalf, ary at Jerusalem for the necessary expences28: And will grant you many immunities, and of the sanctuary.give you rewards. 40: Moreover I give every year fifteen thou-29: And now do I free you, and for your sand shekels of silver out of the kings ac-sake I release all the Jews, from tributes, and counts from the places appertaining.from the customs of salt, and from crown 41: And all the overplus, which the officerstaxes, payed not in as in former time, from hence-30: And from that which appertaineth unto forth shall be given toward the works of theme to receive for the third part or the seed, temple.and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release 42: And beside this, the five thousand shek-it from this day forth, so that they shall not els of silver, which they took from the usesbe taken of the land of Judea, nor of the of the temple out of the accounts year bythree governments which are added there- year, even those things shall be released,unto out of the country of Samaria and Gali- because they appertain to the priests thatlee, from this day forth for evermore. minister.31: Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with 43: And whosoever they be that flee untothe borders thereof, both from tenths and the temple at Jerusalem, or be within thetributes. liberties hereof, being indebted unto the32: And as for the tower which is at Jerusa- king, or for any other matter, let them be atlem, I yield up authority over it, and give the liberty, and all that they have in my realm.high priest, that he may set in it such men as 44: For the building also and repairing of thehe shall choose to keep it. works of the sanctuary expences shall be33: Moreover I freely set at liberty every one given of the kings accounts.of the Jews, that were carried captives out of 45: Yea, and for the building of the walls ofthe land of Judea into any part of my king- Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof rounddom, and I will that all my officers remit the about, expences shall be given out of thetributes even of their cattle. kings accounts, as also for the building of34: Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and the walls in Judea.sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, 46: Now when Jonathan and the people 176
  • heard these words, they gave no credit unto and many presents, and found favour inthem, nor received them, because they re- their sight.membered the great evil that he had done in 61: At that time certain pestilent fellows ofIsrael; for he had afflicted them very sore. Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled47: But with Alexander they were well themselves against him, to accuse him: butpleased, because he was the first that en- the king would not hear them.treated of true peace with them, and they 62: Yea more than that, the king com-were confederate with him always. manded to take off his garments, and clothe48: Then gathered king Alexander great him in purple: and they did so.forces, and camped over against Demetrius. 63: And he made him sit by himself, and49: And after the two kings had joined bat- said into his princes, Go with him into thetle, Demetrius host fled: but Alexander midst of the city, and make proclamation,followed after him, and prevailed against that no man complain against him of anythem. matter, and that no man trouble him for any50: And he continued the battle very sore manner of cause.until the sun went down: and that day was 64: Now when his accusers saw that he wasDemetrius slain. honored according to the proclamation, and51: Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors clothed in purple, they fled all away.to Ptolemee king of Egypt with a message to 65: So the king honoured him, and wrotethis effect: him among his chief friends, and made him52: Forasmuch as I am come again to my a duke, and partaker of his dominion.realm, and am set in the throne of my pro- 66: Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusa-genitors, and have gotten the dominion, and lem with peace and gladness.overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our 67: Furthermore in the; hundred threescorecountry; and fifth year came Demetrius son of De-53: For after I had joined battle with him, metrius out of Crete into the land of hisboth he and his host was discomfited by us, fathers:so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom: 68: Whereof when king Alexander heard tell,54: Now therefore let us make a league of he was right sorry, and returned into An-amity together, and give me now thy daugh- tioch.ter to wife: and I will be thy son in law, and 69: Then Demetrius made Apollonius thewill give both thee and her as according to governor of Celosyria his general, who gath-thy dignity. ered together a great host, and camped in55: Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the highsaying, Happy be the day wherein thou didst priest, saying,return into the land of thy fathers, and satest 70: Thou alone liftest up thyself against us,in the throne of their kingdom. and I am laughed to scorn for thy sake, and56: And now will I do to thee, as thou hast reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thywritten: meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that power against us in the mountains?we may see one another; for I will marry my 71: Now therefore, if thou trustest in thinedaughter to thee according to thy desire. own strength, come down to us into the57: So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his plain field, and there let us try the matterdaughter Cleopatra, and they came unto together: for with me is the power of thePtolemais in the hundred threescore and cities.second year: 72: Ask and learn who I am, and the rest58: Where king Alexander meeting him, he that take our part, and they shall tell theegave unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and that thy foot is not able to to flight in theircelebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with own land.great glory, as the manner of kings is. 73: Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to59: Now king Alexander had written unto abide the horsemen and so great a power inJonathan, that he should come and meet the plain, where is neither stone nor flint,him. nor place to flee unto.60: Who thereupon went honourably to 74: So when Jonathan heard these words ofPtolemais, where he met the two kings, and Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, andgave them and their friends silver and gold, choosing ten thousand men he went out of 177
  • Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him CHAPTER 11for to help him.75: And he pitched his tents against Joppa: A nd the king of Egypt gathered together abut; they of Joppa shut him out of the city, great host, like the sand that lieth upon thebecause Apollonius had a garrison there. sea shore, and many ships, and went about76: Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: where- through deceit to get Alexanders kingdom,upon they of the city let him in for fear: and and join it to his own.so Jonathan won Joppa. 2: Whereupon he took his journey into77: Whereof when Apollonius heard, he Spain in peaceable manner, so as they of thetook three thousand horsemen, with a great cities opened unto him, and met him: forhost of footmen, and went to Azotus as one king Alexander had commanded them so tothat journeyed, and therewithal drew him do, because he was his brother in law.forth into the plain. because he had a great 3: Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities,number of horsemen, in whom he put his he set in every one of them a garrison oftrust. soldiers to keep it.78: Then Jonathan followed after him to 4: And when he came near to Azotus, theyAzotus, where the armies joined battle. shewed him the temple of Dagon that was79: Now Apollonius had left a thousand burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereofhorsemen in ambush. that were destroyed, and the bodies that80: And Jonathan knew that there was an were cast abroad and them that he had burntambushment behind him; for they had com- in the battle; for they had made heaps ofpassed in his host, and cast darts at the peo- them by the way where he should pass.ple, from morning till evening. 5: Also they told the king whatsoever Jona-81: But the people stood still, as Jonathan than had done, to the intent he might blamehad commanded them: and so the enemies him: but the king held his peace.horses were tired. 6: Then Jonathan met the king with great82: Then brought Simon forth his host, and pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one an-set them against the footmen, (for the horse- other, and lodged.men were spent) who were discomfited by 7: Afterward Jonathan, when he had gonehim, and fled. with the king to the river called Eleutherus,83: The horsemen also, being scattered in returned again to Jerusalem.the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Beth- 8: King Ptolemee therefore, having gottendagon, their idols temple, for safety. the dominion of the cities by the sea unto84: But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the Seleucia upon the sea coast, imaginedcities round about it, and took their spoils; wicked counsels against Alexander.and the temple of Dagon, with them that 9: Whereupon he sent ambasadors unto kingwere fled into it, he burned with fire. Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a85: Thus there were burned and slain with league betwixt us, and I will give thee mythe sword well nigh eight thousand men. daughter whom Alexander hath, and thou86: And from thence Jonathan removed his shalt reign in thy fathers kingdom:host, and camped against Ascalon, where the 10: For I repent that I gave my daughtermen of the city came forth, and met him unto him, for he sought to slay me.with great pomp. 11: Thus did he slander him, because he was87: After this returned Jonathan and his host desirous of his kingdom.unto Jerusalem, having any spoils. 12: Wherefore he took his daughter from88: Now when king Alexander heard these him, and gave her to Demetrius, and for-things, he honoured Jonathan yet more. sook Alexander, so that their hatred was89: And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use openly known.is to be given to such as are of the kings 13: Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch,blood: he gave him also Accaron with the where he set two crowns upon his head, theborders thereof in possession. crown of Asia, and of Egypt. 14: In the mean season was king Alexander in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those parts had revolted from him. 15: But when Alexander heard of this, he 178
  • came to war against him: whereupon king which we did write unto our cousin Lasthe-Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met nes concerning you, that ye might see it.him with a mighty power, and put him to 32: King Demetrius unto his father Lasthe-flight. nes sendeth greeting:16: So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be 33: We are determined to do good to thedefended; but king Ptolemee was exalted: people of the Jews, who are our friends, and17: For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alex- keep covenants with us, because of theiranders head, and sent it unto Ptolemee. good will toward us.18: King Ptolemee also died the third day 34: Wherefore we have ratified unto themafter, and they that were in the strong holds the borders of Judea, with the three govern-were slain one of another. ments of Apherema and Lydda and19: By this means Demetrius reigned in the Ramathem, that are added unto Judea fromhundred threescore and seventh year. the country of Samaria, and all things apper-20: At the same time Jonathan gathered taining unto them, for all such as do sacrificetogether them that were in Judea to take the in Jerusalem, instead of the payments whichtower that was in Jerusalem: and he made the king received of them yearly aforetimemany engines of war against it. out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.21: Then came ungodly persons, who hated 35: And as for other things that belong untotheir own people, went unto the king, and us, of the tithes and customs pertaining untotold him that Jonathan besieged the tower, us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes,22: Whereof when he heard, he was angry, which are due unto us, we discharge them ofand immediately removing, he came to Ptol- them all for their relief.emais, and wrote unto Jonathan, that he 36: And nothing hereof shall be revokedshould not lay siege to the tower, but come from this time forth for ever.and speak with him at Ptolemais in great 37: Now therefore see that thou make ahaste. copy of these things, and let it be delivered23: Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard unto Jonathan, and set upon the holy mountthis, commanded to besiege it still: and he in a conspicuous place.chose certain of the elders of Israel and the 38: After this, when king Demetrius saw thatpriests, and put himself in peril; the land was quiet before him, and that no24: And took silver and gold, and raiment, resistance was made against him, he sentand divers presents besides, and went to away all his forces, every one to his ownPtolemais unto the king, where he found place, except certain bands of strangers,favour in his sight. whom he had gathered from the isles of the25: And though certain ungodly men of the heathen: wherefore all the forces of his fa-people had made complaints against him, thers hated him.26: Yet the king entreated him as his prede- 39: Moreover there was one Tryphon, thatcessors had done before, and promoted him had been of Alexanders part afore, who,in the sight of all his friends, seeing that all the host murmured against27: And confirmed him in the high priest- Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabianhood, and in all the honours that he had that brought up Antiochus the young son ofbefore, and gave him preeminence among Alexander,his chief friends. 40: And lay sore upon him to deliver him28: Then Jonathan desired the king, that he this young Antiochus, that he might reign inwould make Judea free from tribute, as also his fathers stead: he told him therefore allthe three governments, with the country of that Demetrius had done, and how his menSamaria; and he promised him three hun- of war were at enmity with him, and there hedred talents. remained a long season.29: So the king consented, and wrote letters 41: In the mean time Jonathan sent untounto Jonathan of all these things after this king Demetrius, that he would cast those ofmanner: the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in30: King Demetrius unto his brother Jona- the fortresses: for they fought against Israel.than, and unto the nation of the Jews, sen- 42: So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, say-deth greeting: ing, I will not only do this for thee and thy31: We send you here a copy of the letter people, but I will greatly honour thee and 179
  • thy nation, if opportunity serve. kings friends.43: Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou 58: Upon this he sent him golden vessels tosend me men to help me; for all my forces be served in, and gave him leave to drink inare gone from me. gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to44: Upon this Jonathan sent him three thou- wear a golden buckle.sand strong men unto Antioch: and when 59: His brother Simon also he made captainthey came to the king, the king was very glad from the place called The ladder of Tyrusof their coming. unto the borders of Egypt.45: Howbeit they that were of the city gath- 60: Then Jonathan went forth, and passedered themselves together into the midst of through the cities beyond the water, and allthe city, to the number of an hundred and the forces of Syria gathered themselves untotwenty thousand men, and would have slain him for to help him: and when he came tothe king. Ascalon, they of the city met him honoura-46: Wherefore the king fled into the court, bly.but they of the city kept the passages of the 61: From whence he went to Gaza, but theycity, and began to fight. of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he laid47: Then the king called to the Jews for help, siege unto it, and burned the suburbswho came unto him all at once, and dispers- thereof with fire, and spoiled them.ing themselves through the city slew that day 62: Afterward, when they of Gaza madein the city to the number of an hundred supplication unto Jonathan, he made peacethousand. with them, and took the sons of their chief48: Also they set fire on the city, and gat men for hostages, and sent them to Jerusa-many spoils that day, and delivered the king. lem, and passed through the country unto49: So when they of the city saw that the Damascus.Jews had got the city as they would, their 63: Now when Jonathan heard that De-courage was abated: wherefore they made metrius princes were come to Cades, whichsupplication to the king, and cried, saying, is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing50: Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease to remove him out of the country,from assaulting us and the city. 64: He went to meet them, and left Simon51: With that they cast away their weapons, his brother in the country.and made peace; and the Jews were hon- 65: Then Simon encamped against Bethsuraoured in the sight of the king, and in the and fought against it a long season, and shutsight of all that were in his realm; and they it up:returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils. 66: But they desired to have peace with him,52: So king Demetrius sat on the throne of which he granted them, and then put themhis kingdom, and the land was quiet before out from thence, and took the city, and set ahim. garrison in it.53: Nevertheless he dissembled in all that 67: As for Jonathan and his host, theyever he spake, and estranged himself from pitched at the water of Gennesar, fromJonathan, neither rewarded he him accord- whence betimes in the morning they gating to the benefits which he had received of them to the plain of Nasor.him, but troubled him very sore. 68: And, behold, the host of strangers met54: After this returned Tryphon, and with them in the plain, who, having laid men inhim the young child Antiochus, who ambush for him in the mountains, camereigned, and was crowned. themselves over against him.55: Then there gathered unto him all the 69: So when they that lay in ambush rose outmen of war, whom Demetrius had put away, of their places and joined battle, all that wereand they fought against Demetrius, who of Jonathans side fled;turned his back and fled. 70: Insomuch as there was not one of them56: Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, left, except Mattathias the son of Absalom,and won Antioch. and Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of57: At that time young Antiochus wrote the host.unto Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the 71: Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and casthigh priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over earth upon his head, and prayed.the four governments, and to be one of the 72: Afterwards turning again to battle, he 180
  • put them to flight, and so they ran away. is, and as it becometh us to think upon our73: Now when his own men that were fled brethren:saw this, they turned again unto him, and 12: And we are right glad of your honour.with him pursued them to Cades, even unto 13: As for ourselves, we have had great trou-their own tents, and there they camped. bles and wars on every side, forsomuch as74: So there were slain of the heathen that the kings that are round about us haveday about three thousand men: but Jonathan fought against us.returned to Jerusalem. 14: Howbeit we would not be troublesome unto you, nor to others of our confederates and friends, in these wars: CHAPTER 12 15: For we have help from heaven that suc-N ow when Jonathan saw that time served coureth us, so as we are delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought underhim, he chose certain men, and sent them to foot.Rome, for to confirm and renew the friend- 16: For this cause we chose Numenius theship that they had with them. son of Antiochus, and Antipater he son of2: He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, Jason, and sent them unto the Romans, toand to other places, for the same purpose. renew the amity that we had with them, and3: So they went unto Rome, and entered into the former league.the senate, and said, Jonathan the high 17: We commanded them also to go untopriest, and the people of the Jews, sent us you, and to salute and to deliver you ourunto you, to the end ye should renew the letters concerning the renewing of ourfriendship, which ye had with them, and brotherhood.league, as in former time. 18: Wherefore now ye shall do well to give4: Upon this the Romans gave them letters us an answer thereto.unto the governors of every place that they 19: And this is the copy of the letters whichshould bring them into the land of Judea Oniares sent.peaceably. 20: Areus king of the Lacedemonians to5: And this is the copy of the letters which Onias the high priest, greeting:Jonathan wrote to the Lacedemonians: 21: It is found in writing, that the Lacede-6: Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of monians and Jews are brethren, and thatthe nation, and the priests, and the other of they are of the stock of Abraham:the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their 22: Now therefore, since this is come to ourbrethren send greeting: knowledge, ye shall do well to write unto us7: There were letters sent in times past unto of your prosperity.Onias the high priest from Darius, who 23: We do write back again to you, that yourreigned then among you, to signify that ye cattle and goods are ours, and ours areare our brethren, as the copy here underwrit- yours We do command therefore our am-ten doth specify. bassadors to make report unto you on this8: At which time Onias entreated the ambas- wise.sador that was sent honourably, and received 24: Now when Jonathan heard that Deme-the letters, wherein declaration was made of bius princes were come to fight against himthe league and friendship. with a greater host than afore,9: Therefore we also, albeit we need none of 25: He removed from Jerusalem, and metthese things, that we have the holy books of them in the land of Amathis: for he gavescripture in our hands to comfort us, them no respite to enter his country.10: Have nevertheless attempted to send 26: He sent spies also unto their tents, whounto you for the renewing of brotherhood came again, and told him that they wereand friendship, lest we should become appointed to come upon them in the nightstrangers unto you altogether: for there is a season.long time passed since ye sent unto us. 27: Wherefore so soon as the sun was down,11: We therefore at all times without ceasing, Jonathan commanded his men to watch, andboth in our feasts, and other convenient to be in arms, that all the night long theydays, do remember you in the sacrifices might be ready to fight: also he sent forthwhich we offer, and in our prayers, as reason centinels round about the host. 181
  • 28: But when the adversaries heard that 43: But received him honourably, and com-Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, mended him unto all his friends, and gavethey feared, and trembled in their hearts, and him gifts, and commanded his men of warthey kindled fires in their camp. to be as obedient unto him, as to himself.29: Howbeit Jonathan and his company 44: Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hastknew it not till the morning: for they saw the thou brought all this people to so great trou-lights burning. ble, seeing there is no war betwixt us?30: Then Jonathan pursued after them, but 45: Therefore send them now home again,overtook them not: for they were gone over and choose a few men to wait on thee, andthe river Eleutherus. come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will31: Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Arabi- give it thee, and the rest of the strong holdsans, who were called Zabadeans, and smote and forces, and all that have any charge: asthem, and took their spoils. for me, I will return and depart: for this is32: And removing thence, he came to Da- the cause of my coming.mascus, and so passed through all the coun- 46: So Jonathan believing him did as he badetry, him, and sent away his host, who went into33: Simon also went forth, and passed the land of Judea.through the country unto Ascalon, and the 47: And with himself he retained but threeholds there adjoining, from whence he thousand men, of whom he sent two thou-turned aside to Joppa, and won it. sand into Galilee, and one thousand went34: For he had heard that they would deliver with him.the hold unto them that took Demetrius 48: Now as soon as Jonathan entered intopart; wherefore he set a garrison there to Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the gateskeep it. and took him, and all them that came with35: After this came Jonathan home again, him they slew with the sword.and calling the elders of the people together, 49: Then sent Tryphon an host of footmenhe consulted with them about building and horsemen into Galilee, and into thestrong holds in Judea, great plain, to destroy all Jonathans com-36: And making the walls of Jerusalem pany.higher, and raising a great mount between 50: But when they knew that Jonathan andthe tower and the city, for to separate it they that were with him were taken andfrom the city, that so it might be alone, that slain, they encouraged one another; andmen might neither sell nor buy in it. went close together, prepared to fight.37: Upon this they came together to build 51: They therefore that followed upon them,up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall perceiving that they were ready to fight fortoward the brook on the east side was fallen their lives, turned back again.down, and they repaired that which was 52: Whereupon they all came into the landcalled Caphenatha. of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed38: Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and Jonathan, and them that were with him, andmade it strong with gates and bars. they were sore afraid; wherefore all Israel39: Now Tryphon went about to get the made great lamentation.kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the 53: Then all the heathen that were roundking, that he might set the crown upon his about then sought to destroy them: for saidown head. they, They have no captain, nor any to help40: Howbeit he was afraid that Jonathan them: now therefore let us make war uponwould not suffer him, and that he would them, and take away their memorial fromfight against him; wherefore he sought a way among men.how to take Jonathan, that he might kill him.So he removed, and came to Bethsan.41: Then Jonathan went out to meet him CHAPTER 13with forty thousand men chosen for thebattle, and came to Bethsan. N ow when Simon heard that Tryphon had42: Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan came gathered together a great host to invade thewith so great a force, he durst not stretch his land of Judea, and destroy it,hand against him; 2: And saw that the people was in great 182
  • trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, fore is Jonathan dead.and gathered the people together, 19: So he sent them the children and the3: And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye hundred talents: howbeit Tryphon dissem-yourselves know what great things I, and my bled neither would he let Jonathan go.brethren, and my fathers house, have done 20: And after this came Tryphon to invadefor the laws and the sanctuary, the battles the land, and destroy it, going round aboutalso and troubles which we have seen. by the way that leadeth unto Adora: but4: By reason whereof all my brethren are Simon and his host marched against him inslain for Israels sake, and I am left alone. every place, wheresoever he went.5: Now therefore be it far from me, that I 21: Now they that were in the tower sentshould spare mine own life in any time of messengers unto Tryphon, to the end thattrouble: for I am no better than my breth- he should hasten his coming unto them byren. the wilderness, and send them victuals.6: Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and 22: Wherefore Tryphon made ready all histhe sanctuary, and our wives, and our chil- horsemen to come that night: but there fell adren: for all the heathen are gathered to very great snow, by reason whereof he camedestroy us of very malice. not. So he departed, and came into the7: Now as soon as the people heard these country of Galaad.words, their spirit revived. 23: And when he came near to Bascama he8: And they answered with a loud voice, slew Jonathan, who was buried there.saying, Thou shalt be our leader instead of 24: Afterward Tryphon returned and wentJudas and Jonathan thy brother. into his own land.9: Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever, 25: Then sent Simon, and took the bones ofthou commandest us, that will we do. Jonathan his brother, and buried them in10: So then he gathered together all the men Modin, the city of his fathers.of war, and made haste to finish the walls of 26: And all Israel made great lamentation forJerusalem, and he fortified it round about. him, and bewailed him many days.11: Also he sent Jonathan the son of Ab- 27: Simon also built a monument upon thesolom, and with him a great power, to sepulchre of his father and his brethren, andJoppa: who casting out them that were raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stonetherein remained there in it. behind and before.12: So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus 28: Moreover he set up seven pyramids, onewith a great power to invade the land of against another, for his father, and hisJudea, and Jonathan was with him in ward. mother, and his four brethren.13: But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, 29: And in these he made cunning devices,over against the plain. about the which he set great pillars, and14: Now when Tryphon knew that Simon upon the pillars he made all their armour forwas risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, a perpetual memory, and by the armourand meant to join battle with him, he sent ships carved, that they might be seen of allmessengers unto him, saying, that sail on the sea.15: Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother 30: This is the sepulchre which he made atin hold, it is for money that he is owing unto Modin, and it standeth yet unto this day.the kings treasure, concerning the business 31: Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with thethat was committed unto him. young king Antiochus, and slew him.16: Wherefore now send an hundred talents 32: And he reigned in his stead, andof silver, and two of his sons for hostages, crowned himself king of Asia, and brought athat when he is at liberty he may not revolt great calamity upon the land.from us, and we will let him go. 33: Then Simon built up the strong holds in17: Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived Judea, and fenced them about with highthat they spake deceitfully unto him yet sent towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars,he the money and the children, lest perad- and laid up victuals therein.venture he should procure to himself great 34: Moreover Simon chose men, and sent tohatred of the people: king Demetrius, to the end he should give18: Who might have said, Because I sent the land an immunity, because all that Try-him not the money and the children, there- phon did was to spoil. 183
  • 35: Unto whom king Demetrius answered 49: They also of the tower in Jerusalem wereand wrote after this manner: kept so strait, that they could neither come36: King Demetrius unto Simon the high forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, norpriest, and friend of kings, as also unto the sell: wherefore they were in great distress forelders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greet- want of victuals, and a great number of theming: perished through famine.37: The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, 50: Then cried they to Simon, beseechingwhich ye sent unto us, we have received: and him to be at one with them: which thing hewe are ready to make a stedfast peace with granted them; and when he had put themyou, yea, and to write unto our officers, to out from thence, he cleansed the tower fromconfirm the immunities which we have pollutions:granted. 51: And entered into it the three and twenti-38: And whatsoever covenants we have eth day of the second month in the hundredmade with you shall stand; and the strong seventy and first year, with thanksgiving, andholds, which ye have builded, shall be your branches of palm trees, and with harps, andown. cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and39: As for any oversight or fault committed songs: because there was destroyed a greatunto this day, we forgive it, and the crown enemy out of Israel.tax also, which ye owe us: and if there were 52: He ordained also that that day should beany other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall kept every year with gladness. Moreover theno more be paid. hill of the temple that was by the tower he40: And look who are meet among you to be made stronger than it was, and there hein our court, let then be enrolled, and let dwelt himself with his company.there be peace betwixt us. 53: And when Simon saw that John his son41: Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken was a valiant man, he made him captain ofaway from Israel in the hundred and seventi- all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.eth year.42: Then the people of Israel began to writein their instruments and contracts, In the CHAPTER 14first year of Simon the high priest, the gov-ernor and leader of the Jews. Now in the hundred threescore and43: In those days Simon camped against twelfth year king Demetrius gathered hisGaza and besieged it round about; he made forces together, and went into Media to getalso an engine of war, and set it by the city, him help to fight against Tryphone.and battered a certain tower, and took it. 2: But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and44: And they that were in the engine leaped Media, heard that Demetrius was enteredinto the city; whereupon there was a great within his borders, he sent one of his princesuproar in the city: to take him alive:45: Insomuch as the people of the city rent 3: Who went and smote the host of De-their clothes, and climbed upon the walls metrius, and took him, and brought him towith their wives and children, and cried with Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant 4: As for the land of Judea, that was quiet allthem peace. the days of Simon; for he sought the good46: And they said, Deal not with us accord- of his nation in such wise, as that evermoreing to our wickedness, but according to thy his authority and honour pleased them well.mercy. 5: And as he was honourable in all his acts,47: So Simon was appeased toward them, so in this, that he took Joppa for an haven,and fought no more against them, but put and made an entrance to the isles of the sea,them out of the city, and cleansed the 6: And enlarged the bounds of his nation,houses wherein the idols were, and so en- and recovered the country,tered into it with songs and thanksgiving. 7: And gathered together a great number of48: Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, and captives, and had the dominion of Gazera,placed such men there as would keep the and Bethsura, and the tower, out of thelaw, and made it stronger than it was before, which he took all uncleaness, neither wasand built therein a dwellingplace for himself. there any that resisted him. 184
  • 8: Then did they till their ground in peace, their ambassage in publick records, to theand the earth gave her increase, and the trees end the people of the Lacedemonians mightof the field their fruit. have a memorial thereof: furthermore we9: The ancient men sat all in the streets, have written a copy thereof unto Simon thecommuning together of good things, and the high priest.young men put on glorious and warlike ap- 24: After this Simon sent Numenius toparel. Rome with a great shield of gold of a thou-10: He provided victuals for the cities, and sand pound weight to confirm the leagueset in them all manner of munition, so that with them.his honourable name was renowned unto 25: Whereof when the people heard, theythe end of the world. said, What thanks shall we give to Simon11: He made peace in the land, and Israel and his sons?rejoiced with great joy: 26: For he and his brethren and the house of12: For every man sat under his vine and his his father have established Israel, and chasedfig tree, and there was none to fray them: away in fight their enemies from them, and13: Neither was there any left in the land to confirmed their liberty.fight against them: yea, the kings themselves 27: So then they wrote it in tables of brass,were overthrown in those days. which they set upon pillars in mount Sion:14: Moreover he strengthened all those of and this is the copy of the writing; Thehis people that were brought low: the law he eighteenth day of the month Elul, in thesearched out; and every contemner of the hundred threescore and twelfth year, beinglaw and wicked person he took away. the third year of Simon the high priest,15: He beautified the sanctuary, and multi- 28: At Saramel in the great congregation ofplied vessels of the temple. the priests, and people, and rulers of the16: Now when it was heard at Rome, and as nation, and elders of the country, were thesefar as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead, they things notified unto us.were very sorry. 29: Forasmuch as oftentimes there have17: But as soon as they heard that his been wars in the country, wherein for thebrother Simon was made high priest in his maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law,stead, and ruled the country, and the cities Simon the son of Mattathias, of the posteritytherein: of Jarib, together with his brethren, put18: They wrote unto him in tables of brass, themselves in jeopardy, and resisting theto renew the friendship and league which enemies of their nation did their nation greatthey had made with Judas and Jonathan his honour:brethren: 30: (For after that Jonathan, having gathered19: Which writings were read before the his nation together, and been their highcongregation at Jerusalem. priest, was added to his people,20: And this is the copy of the letters that 31: Their enemies prepared to invade theirthe Lacedemonians sent; The rulers of the country, that they might destroy it, and layLacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon hands on the sanctuary:the high priest, and the elders, and priests, 32: At which time Simon rose up, andand residue of the people of the Jews, our fought for his nation, and spent much of hisbrethren, send greeting: own substance, and armed the valiant men21: The ambassadors that were sent unto of his nation and gave them wages,our people certified us of your glory and 33: And fortified the cities of Judea, togetherhonour: wherefore we were glad of their with Bethsura, that lieth upon the borders ofcoming, Judea, where the armour of the enemies had22: And did register the things that they been before; but he set a garrison of Jewsspake in the council of the people in this there:manner; Numenius son of Antiochus, and 34: Moreover he fortified Joppa, which liethAntipater son of Jason, the Jews ambassa- upon the sea, and Gazera, that borderethdors, came unto us to renew the friendship upon Azotus, where the enemies had dweltthey had with us. before: but he placed Jews there, and fur-23: And it pleased the people to entertain nished them with all things convenient forthe men honourably, and to put the copy of the reparation thereof.) 185
  • 35: The people therefore sang the acts of and governor of the Jews and priests, and toSimon, and unto what glory he thought to defend them all.bring his nation, made him their governor 48: So they commanded that this writingand chief priest, because he had done all should be put in tables of brass, and thatthese things, and for the justice and faith they should be set up within the compass ofwhich he kept to his nation, and for that he the sanctuary in a conspicuous place;sought by all means to exalt his people. 49: Also that the copies thereof should be36: For in his time things prospered in his laid up in the treasury, to the end that Simonhands, so that the heathen were taken out of and his sons might have them.their country, and they also that were in thecity of David in Jerusalem, who had madethemselves a tower, out of which they is- CHAPTER 15sued, and polluted all about the sanctuary,and did much hurt in the holy place: Moreover Antiochus son of Demetrius the37: But he placed Jews therein. and fortified king sent letters from the isles of the seait for the safety of the country and the city, unto Simon the priest and prince of theand raised up the walls of Jerusalem. Jews, and to all the people;38: King Demetrius also confirmed him in 2: The contents whereof were these: Kingthe high priesthood according to those Antiochus to Simon the high priest andthings, prince of his nation, and to the people of the39: And made him one of his friends, and Jews, greeting:honoured him with great honour. 3: Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have40: For he had heard say, that the Romans usurped the kingdom of our fathers, and myhad called the Jews their friends and confed- purpose is to challenge it again, that I mayerates and brethren; and that they had enter- restore it to the old estate, and to that endtained the ambassadors of Simon honoura- have gathered a multitude of foreign soldiersbly; together, and prepared ships of war;41: Also that the Jews and priests were well 4: My meaning also being to go through thepleased that Simon should be their governor country, that I may be avenged of them thatand high priest for ever, until there should have destroyed it, and made many cities inarise a faithful prophet; the kingdom desolate:42: Moreover that he should be their cap- 5: Now therefore I confirm unto thee all thetain, and should take charge of the sanctu- oblations which the kings before me grantedary, to set them over their works, and over thee, and whatsoever gifts besides theythe country, and over the armour, and over granted.the fortresses, that, I say, he should take 6: I give thee leave also to coin money forcharge of the sanctuary; thy country with thine own stamp.43: Beside this, that he should be obeyed of 7: And as concerning Jerusalem and theevery man, and that all the writings in the sanctuary, let them be free; and all the ar-country should be made in his name, and mour that thou hast made, and fortressesthat he should be clothed in purple, and that thou hast built, and keepest in thinewear gold: hands, let them remain unto thee.44: Also that it should be lawful for none of 8: And if anything be, or shall be, owing tothe people or priests to break any of these the king, let it be forgiven thee from thisthings, or to gainsay his words, or to gather time forth for evermore.an assembly in the country without him, or 9: Furthermore, when we have obtained ourto be clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of kingdom, we will honour thee, and thy na-gold; tion, and thy temple, with great honour, so45: And whosoever should do otherwise, or that your honour shall be known throughoutbreak any of these things, he should be pun- the world.ished. 10: In the hundred threescore and four-46: Thus it liked all the people to deal with teenth year went Antiochus into the land ofSimon, and to do as hath been said. his fathers: at which time all the forces came47: Then Simon accepted hereof, and was together unto him, so that few were left withwell pleased to be high priest, and captain Tryphon. 186
  • 11: Wherefore being pursued by king Antio- shut up Tryphon, that he could neither gochus, he fled unto Dora, which lieth by the out nor in.sea side: 26: At that time Simon sent him two thou-12: For he saw that troubles came upon him sand chosen men to aid him; silver also, andall at once, and that his forces had forsaken gold, and much armour.him. 27: Nevertheless he would not receive them,13: Then camped Antiochus against Dora, but brake all the covenants which he hadhaving with him an hundred and twenty made with him afore, and became strangethousand men of war, and eight thousand unto him.horsemen. 28: Furthermore he sent unto him Atheno-14: And when he had compassed the city bius, one of his friends, to commune withround about, and joined ships close to the him, and say, Ye withhold Joppa and Gaz-town on the sea side, he vexed the city by era; with the tower that is in Jerusalem,land and by sea, neither suffered he any to which are cities of my realm.go out or in. 29: The borders thereof ye have wasted, and15: In the mean season came Numenius and done great hurt in the land, and got the do-his company from Rome, having letters to minion of many places within my kingdom.the kings and countries; wherein were writ- 30: Now therefore deliver the cities which yeten these things: have taken, and the tributes of the places,16: Lucius, consul of the Romans unto king whereof ye have gotten dominion withoutPtolemee, greeting: the borders of Judea:17: The Jews ambassadors, our friends and 31: Or else give me for them five hundredconfederates, came unto us to renew the old talents of silver; and for the harm that yefriendship and league, being sent from have done, and the tributes of the cities,Simon the high priest, and from the people other five hundred talents: if not, we willof the Jews: come and fight against you18: And they brought a shield of gold of a 32: So Athenobius the kings friend came tothousand pound. Jerusalem: and when he saw the glory of19: We thought it good therefore to write Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silverunto the kings and countries, that they plate, and his great attendance, he was aston-should do them no harm, nor fight against ished, and told him the kings message.them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid 33: Then answered Simon, and said untotheir enemies against them. him, We have neither taken other mens20: It seemed also good to us to receive the land, nor holden that which appertaineth toshield of them. others, but the inheritance of our fathers,21: If therefore there be any pestilent fel- which our enemies had wrongfully in pos-lows, that have fled from their country unto session a certain time.you, deliver them unto Simon the high 34: Wherefore we, having opportunity, holdpriest, that he may punish them according to the inheritance of our fathers.their own law. 35: And whereas thou demandest Joppa and22: The same things wrote he likewise unto Gazera, albeit they did great harm unto theDemetrius the king, and Attalus, to people in our country, yet will we give theeAriarathes, and Arsaces, an hundred talents for them. Hereunto23: And to all the countries and to Sampsa- Athenobius answered him not a word;mes, and the Lacedemonians, and to Delus, 36: But returned in a rage to the king, andand Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and made report unto him of these speeches,Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Hali- and of the glory of Simon, and of all that hecarnassus, and Rhodus, and Aradus, and had seen: whereupon the king was exceedingCos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, wroth.and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene. 37: In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship24: And the copy hereof they wrote to unto Orthosias.Simon the high priest. 38: Then the king made Cendebeus captain25: So Antiochus the king camped against of the sea coast, and gave him an host ofDora the second day, assaulting it continu- footmen and horsemen,ally, and making engines, by which means he 39: And commanded him to remove his 187
  • host toward Judea; also he commanded him 10: So they fled even unto the towers in theto build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, fields of Azotus; wherefore he burned it withand to war against the people; but as for the fire: so that there were slain of them aboutking himself, he pursued Tryphon. two thousand men. Afterward he returned40: So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began into the land of Judea in peace.to provoke the people and to invade Judea, 11: Moreover in the plain of Jericho wasand to take the people prisoners, and slay Ptolemeus the son of Abubus made captain,them. and he had abundance of silver and gold:41: And when he had built up Cedrou, he set 12: For he was the high priests son in law.horsemen there, and an host of footmen, to 13: Wherefore his heart being lifted up, hethe end that issuing out they might make thought to get the country to himself, andoutroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king thereupon consulted deceitfully againsthad commanded him. Simon and his sons to destroy them. 14: Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country, and taking care for the CHAPTER 16 good ordering of them; at which time he came down himself to Jericho with his sons,T hen came up John from Gazera, and told Mattathias and Judas, in the hundred three-Simon his father what Cendebeus had done. score and seventeenth year, in the eleventh2: Wherefore Simon called his two eldest month, called Sabat:sons, Judas and John, and said unto them, I, 15: Where the son of Abubus receiving themand my brethren, and my fathers house, have deceitfully into a little hold, called Docus,ever from my youth unto this day fought which he had built, made them a great ban-against the enemies of Israel; and things have quet: howbeit he had hid men there.prospered so well in our hands, that we have 16: So when Simon and his sons had drunkdelivered Israel oftentimes. largely, Ptolemee and his men rose up, and3: But now I am old, and ye, by Gods mercy, took their weapons, and came upon Simonare of a sufficient age: be ye instead of me into the banqueting place, and slew him, andand my brother, and go and fight for our his two sons, and certain of his servants.nation, and the help from heaven be with 17: In which doing he committed a greatyou. treachery, and recompensed evil for good.4: So he chose out of the country twenty 18: Then Ptolemee wrote these things, andthousand men of war with horsemen, who sent to the king, that he should send him anwent out against Cendebeus, and rested that host to aid him, and he would deliver him thenight at Modin. country and cities.5: And when as they rose in the morning, and 19: He sent others also to Gazera to kill John:went into the plain, behold, a mighty great and unto the tribunes he sent letters to comehost both of footmen and horsemen came unto him, that he might give them silver, andagainst them: howbeit there was a water gold, and rewards.brook betwixt them. 20: And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and6: So he and his people pitched over against the mountain of the temple.them: and when he saw that the people were 21: Now one had run afore to Gazera andafraid to go over the water brook, he went told John that his father and brethren werefirst over himself, and then the men seeing slain, and, quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent tohim passed through after him. slay thee also.7: That done, he divided his men, and set the 22: Hereof when he heard, he was sore aston-horsemen in the midst of the footmen: for ished: so he laid hands on them that werethe enemies horsemen were very many. come to destroy him, and slew them; for he8: Then sounded they with the holy trumpets: knew that they sought to make him away.whereupon Cendebeus and his host were put 23: As concerning the rest of the acts ofto flight, so that many of them were slain, John, and his wars, and worthy deeds whichand the remnant gat them to the strong hold. he did, and the building of the walls which he9: At that time was Judas Johns brother made, and his doings,wounded; but John still followed after them, 24: Behold, these are written in the chroniclesuntil he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus of his priesthood, from the time he was madehad built. high priest after his father. 188
  • The Second Book of the Maccabees forth, and he was entered with a small com-The brethren, the Jews that be at Jerusalem pany into the compass of the temple, theyand in the land of Judea, wish unto the breth- shut the temple as soon as Antiochus wasren, the Jews that are throughout Egypt come in:health and peace: 16: And opening a privy door of the roof,2: God be gracious unto you, and remember they threw stones like thunderbolts, andhis covenant that he made with Abraham, struck down the captain, hewed them inIsaac, and Jacob, his faithful servants; pieces, smote off their heads and cast them to3: And give you all an heart to serve him, and those that were without.to do his will, with a good courage and a 17: Blessed be our God in all things, whowilling mind; hath delivered up the ungodly.4: And open your hearts in his law and com- 18: Therefore whereas we are now purposedmandments, and send you peace, to keep the purification of the temple upon5: And hear your prayers, and be at one with the five and twentieth day of the monthyou, and never forsake you in time of trouble. Casleu, we thought it necessary to certify you6: And now we be here praying for you. thereof, that ye also might keep it, as the feast7: What time as Demetrius reigned, in the of the tabernacles, and of the fire, which washundred threescore and ninth year, we the given us when Neemias offered sacrifice,Jews wrote unto you in the extremity of trou- after that he had builded the temple and theble that came upon us in those years, from altar.the time that Jason and his company revolted 19: For when our fathers were led into Persia,from the holy land and kingdom, the priests that were then devout took the fire8: And burned the porch, and shed innocent of the altar privily, and hid it in an hollowblood: then we prayed unto the Lord, and place of a pit without water, where they keptwere heard; we offered also sacrifices and it sure, so that the place was unknown to allfine flour, and lighted the lamps, and set men.forth the loaves. 20: Now after many years, when it pleased9: And now see that ye keep the feast of tab- God, Neemias, being sent from the king ofernacles in the month Casleu. Persia, did send of the posterity of those10: In the hundred fourscore and eighth year, priests that had hid it to the fire: but whenthe people that were at Jerusalem and in they told us they found no fire, but thickJudea, and the council, and Judas, sent greet- water;ing and health unto Aristobulus, king Ptole- 21: Then commanded he them to draw it up,meus master, who was of the stock of the and to bring it; and when the sacrifices wereanointed priests, and to the Jews that were in laid on, Neemias commanded the priests toEgypt: sprinkle the wood and the things laid there-11: Insomuch as God hath delivered us from upon with the water.great perils, we thank him highly, as having 22: When this was done, and the time camebeen in battle against a king. that the sun shone, which afore was hid in12: For he cast them out that fought within the cloud, there was a great fire kindled, sothe holy city. that every man marvelled.13: For when the leader was come into Per- 23: And the priests made a prayer whilst thesia, and the army with him that seemed invin- sacrifice was consuming, I say, both thecible, they were slain in the temple of Nanea priests, and all the rest, Jonathan beginning,by the deceit of Naneas priests. and the rest answering thereunto, as Neemias14: For Antiochus, as though he would marry did.her, came into the place, and his friends that 24: And the prayer was after this manner; Owere with him, to receive money in name of a Lord, Lord God, Creator of all things, whodowry. art fearful and strong, and righteous, and15: Which when the priests of Nanea had set 189
  • merciful, and the only and gracious King, that the prophet, being warned of God, com-25: The only giver of all things, the only just, manded the tabernacle and the ark to go withalmighty, and everlasting, thou that deliverest him, as he went forth into the mountain,Israel from all trouble, and didst choose the where Moses climbed up, and saw the heri-fathers, and sanctify them: tage of God.26: Receive the sacrifice for thy whole people 5: And when Jeremy came thither, he foundIsrael, and preserve thine own portion, and an hollow cave, wherein he laid the taberna-sanctify it. cle, and the ark, and the altar of incense, and27: Gather those together that are scattered so stopped the door.from us, deliver them that serve among the 6: And some of those that followed him cameheathen, look upon them that are despised to mark the way, but they could not find it.and abhorred, and let the heathen know that 7: Which when Jeremy perceived, he blamedthou art our God. them, saying, As for that place, it shall be28: Punish them that oppress us, and with unknown until the time that God gather hispride do us wrong. people again together, and receive them unto29: Plant thy people again in thy holy place, mercy.as Moses hath spoken. 8: Then shall the Lord shew them these30: And the priests sung psalms of thanksgiv- things, and the glory of the Lord shall appear,ing. and the cloud also, as it was shewed under31: Now when the sacrifice was consumed, Moses, and as when Solomon desired that theNeemias commanded the water that was left place might be honourably sanctified.to be poured on the great stones. 9: It was also declared, that he being wise32: When this was done, there was kindled a offered the sacrifice of dedication, and of theflame: but it was consumed by the light that finishing of the temple.shined from the altar. 10: And as when Moses prayed unto the33: So when this matter was known, it was Lord, the fire came down from heaven, andtold the king of Persia, that in the place, consumed the sacrifices: even so prayed Solo-where the priests that were led away had hid mon also, and the fire came down fromthe fire, there appeared water, and that heaven, and consumed the burnt offerings.Neemias had purified the sacrifices therewith. 11: And Moses said, Because the sin offering34: Then the king, inclosing the place, made was not to be eaten, it was consumed.it holy, after he had tried the matter. 12: So Solomon kept those eight days.35: And the king took many gifts, and be- 13: The same things also were reported in thestowed thereof on those whom he would writings and commentaries of Neemias; andgratify. how he founding a library gathered together36: And Neemias called this thing Naphthar, the acts of the kings, and the prophets, andwhich is as much as to say, a cleansing: but of David, and the epistles of the kings con-many men call it Nephi. cerning the holy gifts. 14: In like manner also Judas gathered to- gether all those things that were lost by rea- CHAPTER 2 son of the war we had, and they remain withI t is also found in the records, that Jeremy us, 15: Wherefore if ye have need thereof, sendthe prophet commanded them that were some to fetch them unto you.carried away to take of the fire, as it hath 16: Whereas we then are about to celebratebeen signified: the purification, we have written unto you,2: And how that the prophet, having given and ye shall do well, if ye keep the same days.them the law, charged them not to forget the 17: We hope also, that the God, that deliv-commandments of the Lord, and that they ered all his people, and gave them all an heri-should not err in their minds, when they see tage, and the kingdom, and the priesthood,images of silver and gold, with their orna- and the sanctuary,ments. 18: As he promised in the law, will shortly3: And with other such speeches exhorted he have mercy upon us, and gather us togetherthem, that the law should not depart from out of every land under heaven into the holytheir hearts. place: for he hath delivered us out of great4: It was also contained in the same writing, troubles, and hath purified the place. 190
  • 19: Now as concerning Judas Maccabeus, andhis brethren, and the purification of the great Now when the holy city was inhabited withtemple, and the dedication of the altar, all peace, and the laws were kept very well,20: And the wars against Antiochus because of the godliness of Onias the highEpiphanes, and Eupator his son, priest, and his hatred of wickedness,21: And the manifest signs that came from 2: It came to pass that even the kings them-heaven unto those that behaved themselves selves did honour the place, and magnify themanfully to their honour for Judaism: so that, temple with their best gifts;being but a few, they overcame the whole 3: Insomuch that Seleucus of Asia of his owncountry, and chased barbarous multitudes, revenues bare all the costs belonging to the22: And recovered again the temple re- service of the sacrifices.nowned all the world over, and freed the city, 4: But one Simon of the tribe of Benjamin,and upheld the laws which were going down, who was made governor of the temple, fellthe Lord being gracious unto them with all out with the high priest about disorder in thefavour: city.23: All these things, I say, being declared by 5: And when he could not overcome Onias,Jason of Cyrene in five books, we will assay he gat him to Apollonius the son of Thraseas,to abridge in one volume. who then was governor of Celosyria and24: For considering the infinite number, and Phenice,the difficulty which they find that desire to 6: And told him that the treasury in Jerusalemlook into the narrations of the story, for the was full of infinite sums of money, so thatvariety of the matter, the multitude of their riches, which did not25: We have been careful, that they that will pertain to the account of the sacrifices, wasread may have delight, and that they that are innumerable, and that it was possible to bringdesirous to commit to memory might have all into the kings hand.ease, and that all into whose hands it comes 7: Now when Apollonius came to the king,might have profit. and had shewed him of the money whereof26: Therefore to us, that have taken upon us he was told, the king chose out Heliodorusthis painful labour of abridging, it was not his treasurer, and sent him with a command-easy, but a matter of sweat and watching; ment to bring him the foresaid money.27: Even as it is no ease unto him that pre- 8: So forthwith Heliodorus took his journey;pareth a banquet, and seeketh the benefit of under a colour of visiting the cities of Celo-others: yet for the pleasuring of many we will syria and Phenice, but indeed to fulfil theundertake gladly this great pains; kings purpose.28: Leaving to the author the exact handling 9: And when he was come to Jerusalem, andof every particular, and labouring to follow had been courteously received of the highthe rules of an abridgement. priest of the city, he told him what intelli-29: For as the master builder of a new house gence was given of the money, and declaredmust care for the whole building; but he that wherefore he came, and asked if these thingsundertaketh to set it out, and paint it, must were so indeed.seek out fit things for the adorning thereof: 10: Then the high priest told him that thereeven so I think it is with us. was such money laid up for the relief of wid-30: To stand upon every point, and go over ows and fatherless children:things at large, and to be curious in particu- 11: And that some of it belonged to Hircanuslars, belongeth to the first author of the story: son of Tobias, a man of great dignity, and not31: But to use brevity, and avoid much la- as that wicked Simon had misinformed: thebouring of the work, is to be granted to him sum whereof in all was four hundred talentsthat will make an abridgment. of silver, and two hundred of gold:32: Here then will we begin the story: only 12: And that it was altogether impossible thatadding thus much to that which hath been such wrongs should be done unto them, thatsaid, t