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  • 1. BAYANApril 2013
  • 2. Organizational Strategy isOrganizational strategy is the discipline and expertisethat converts strategic intent into organizationalcapability, commitment and performance.
  • 3. The Effective Strategist• Looks at what is happening now in context ofwhere he/she wants to go.• Balances short and Long term needs.• Reacts positively to problems.• Team Player: Inspires and motivates people.• Communicates well.3
  • 4. SESSION 1• Strategy Steps• Generic & Corporate Strategies• Business & Functional Strategies• Dumb Strategy
  • 5. Strategy STEPS• Step 1 – Strategy Alternatives• Step 2 - Barriers to Implementation• Risk and Uncertainty Analysis• Step 3 – Implementation Details• Select & Adopt Strategies• Managerial Perceptions
  • 6. Generic StrategiesGeneric StrategiesDefender ReactorAnalyzerProspector
  • 7. Corporate StrategiesCorporate StrategiesRetrenchment CombinationsStabilityGrowth
  • 8. Business StrategiesBusiness Level StrategiesFocusDifferentiationCost Leadership Stuck in the Middle
  • 9. Functional Strategies
  • 10. • Marketing• Sales• Finance• Operations & Logistics• Procurement & Sourcing• Human Resources• Information Systems• Research and Development• And othersREAD ONLY
  • 11. • FOLLOW THE LEADER• LET’s DO IT AGAIN• WAR RACE• DO EVERYTHING• LOSING HANDDumb Strategies
  • 12. SESSION 2• Organizational Mechanism (External & Internal)• Organizational Culture• Organizational Behaviour• Organizational Challenges
  • 13. Organizational MechanismExternal Mechanism• Merge• Acquisition• Join Venture• Strategic Alliance
  • 14. Internal Mechanisma) Ownership Structure• Sole Property• Partnership• Corporation14
  • 15. b) Corporate Structure• Organizational structure is the way in which the interrelatedgroups of an organization are constructed.• It mainly contains:– Organizational Chart– Organizational Flow– Policies & Procedures– Performance Indicators15
  • 16. Organizational Chart Types1. Hierarchical organizationa. Functional16
  • 17. 1. Hierarchical organizationb) Matrix17
  • 18. 2. Business Units (Divisional)18
  • 19. 3. Flat organization (horizontal organization) :4) In addition to Hybrid Structure that mixes more than one of theprevious structures.19
  • 20. Organizational Chart Challenges• It only shows formal relationships and tells nothing of thepattern of social relationships which develop.• It shows nothing about the managerial style adopted andwork flow (e.g. autocratic)• It can quickly become out-of-date, especially in largeorganizations which change their staff regularly• It may be tailored on the current Employees.20
  • 21. Organizational Culture• Organizational culture is the personality of the organization.• Culture is comprised of the assumptions, values, norms and tangiblesigns of organization members and their behaviours.• Culture can be:• Strong culture• Weak culture• Or group Think.• Culture Evolution happens on:• Individual level• To Group level• To Organizational level21
  • 22. Forms of Organizational Culture• The Blame culture• Multi-directional culture• Live and let live culture• Brand Harmony Culture• Leadership Enriched Culture22
  • 23. Organizational Behaviour(OB) is the study & application of knowledge about how people,individuals, & groups act in organizations.Organizational behavior encompasses a wide range of topics,such as human behavior, change, leadership, teams, etc.• MODELS:• Autocratic• Custodial• Supportive• Collegial23
  • 24. Organizational Challenges• Founder Syndrome• Downsizing vs. Rightsizing• Future Challengeso Strong employee involvemento Organic Natureo Authority based on capabilityo Flatter, decentralized organizationso Self Directed Teamso New Structures (Networks, Fishnet)
  • 25. Thank YouDr.Mohamed Alywww.mohaly.com25