Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Shaun Hendy Innovation Ecosystem
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Shaun Hendy Innovation Ecosystem


New Zealand’s innovation ecosystem …

New Zealand’s innovation ecosystem
Shaun Hendy

Published in Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • Excellent and insightful presentation, key point is that we do need to find dramatically better ways to collaborate and 'act like a city of 4 million people'.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. New Zealand’s innovation ecosystem Shaun Hendy MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology @hendysh
  • 2. Sir Paul Callaghan (1947-2012) “Sir Paul Callaghan stands alongside Maurice Wilkins, Alan MacDiarmid, Ernest Rutherford and William Pickering as one of New Zealands greatest scientists" Deputy Prime Minister, Bill English
  • 3. Do we choose to be poor? Iceland New Zealand Japan USA Canada Switzerland Australia Greece Spain UK Ireland Sweden Finland Austria Italy Netherlands Germany Belgium France 2005
  • 4. Do we choose to be poor? $500,000Revenue per employee $400,000 Fonterra $300,000 Fisher and Paykel Healthcare NZ Manufacturing Exports Total NZ Manufacturing $200,000 Needed Food manufacturing for current per capita GDP $100,000 Wine Tourism 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 FTE of employment
  • 5. Innovate? Source: triadic patents, OECD Philip McCann, New Zealand Economic Papers, 43: 3, 279-314 (2009)
  • 6. My approach: data Applicant Patent Inventor Country Export Scientific Authors article
  • 7. The world is not flat: patents Bigger cities produce more patents per capita Source: OECD REGPAT database
  • 8. The world is not flat: scientific articlesInnovators are betterconnected in bigger cities
  • 9. Ecosystems Ecosystems are complex systems that contain a few large players and lots of small players Enquist, Brown & West, Nature 395, 163-165(1998)
  • 10. Innovation Ecosystems Ecosystems are complex systems that contain a few large players and lots of small players OECD REGPAT database
  • 11. Nokia’s inventor network 2006More than 1300 inventors in Nokia’s largest connectedcomponent
  • 12. Nokia’s applicant networkMore than 450 Finnish companies in Nokia’s patent network
  • 13. Innovation ecosystems Ecosystems contain a few large players and lots of small players
  • 14. Intuitive surgical is embedded inthe largest network we havefound• it has more than 20,000 individual inventors• it stretches from San Francisco to San Diego• it involves a large number of small to medium companies
  • 15. Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand • We released the Innovation Ecosystem Map in April• The map geo-locates inventors and the links between inventors in Google Earth
  • 16. Innovation Ecosystems: New Zealand NZs largest inventor network • 450 inventors • 14 NZ companies • 4 CRIs • 3 Universities
  • 17. Economic indicatorsUsing revealed comparative advantage we can identify New Zealand’sstrengths on the map of product space (black dots) Social sciences Plant, animal, agricultural and 5% 10%9% 6% 8% environmental science 5% 13% Physical sciences and engineering 30% 36% 33% Medical sciences 28% 17% Mathematics and computer science Biological sciences
  • 18. Innovation Ecosystems: Biomass BERD The biomass in an innovation ecosystem is R&D spending
  • 19. A City of Four Million People? • Economic geography 101: If New Zealand was a city of four million people, our GDP per capita would exceed that of Australia• Can we learn to act like a city of four million?
  • 20. A City of Four Million People? • The industrial revolution was driven by specialisation and increasing returns to scale in manufacturing• The knowledge revolution is being driven by similar effects in research and development• In the future, research and development will be undertaken by large multi-disciplinary teams of specialised researchers• As a small country, to build these teams we will need to drive down the spatial transaction costs in generating knowledge• New Zealand must embrace open research and data exchange, across Institutes, companies and regions
  • 21. A City of Four Million People: the CoREs
  • 22. A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute Auckland University Massey University Auckland GNS ScienceIndustrial Research Ltd Palmerston Nth Victoria University Wellington Christchurch Canterbury University Dunedin 300 km Otago University
  • 23. A City of Four Million People:the MacDiarmid Institute 2002-04 2007-09 Source: ISI Web of Science
  • 24. A City of Four Million People: my wishlist • Organisations will need to collaborate: We need to promote a culture of openness and information exchange • People need to find other people: We need better tools for identifying expertise and IP• Ideas need to find other ideas: We need better data management!
  • 25. Summary• Bibliometrics – S. C. Hendy “New Zealand’s bibliometric record in research and development: 1990-2008”, New Zealand Science Review 67 56-59 (2010)• Patents – S. C. Hendy and C. Sissons “Innovators, Innovation and Increasing Returns to Scale: Solving New Zealands Productivity Paradox”, New Zealand Science Review 68 28-32 (2011)• Products – D. O’Neale, X. Y. Zhang and S. C. Hendy, in preparation