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Bigger Hard Drive Jamie Lean

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We'll need a bigger hard drive! …

We'll need a bigger hard drive!
Jamie Lean
The New Zealand Film Archive

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. Film Archive headquarters, 84 Taranaki St, WellingtonWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 2. Film Archive cafe and receptionWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 3. Film Archive MedialibraryWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 4. The New Zealand Film Archive 120,000 titles 300,000 items 40 + staff Collect - acquisition, accessioning, cataloguing, research and commercial access Protect - storage, preservation, digitisation Connect - screenings, exhibitions and websiteWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 5. How will we store our films? How long will they last? Film Archive storage at PlimmertonWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 6. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 7. MWA Flashscan HD for 8mm, Super8mm and 9.5mmWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 8. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 9. First 1 GB hard drive, the IBM 3380 introduced June 1980 weight - 250kg, capacity 2.52GBWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 10. Film Archive data storage Generation total in TB LTO 3 164 LTO 4 889 LTO 5 189 Server 40 total 1282 LTO is the acronym for Linear Tape-Open, an open standard for digital data tapeWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 11. UNIVAC I, March 1951 stored data using liquid mercury, the next model used magnetic tapeWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 12. IBM729V from early 1960’sWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 13. Film was Easy (fear of the Black Box)Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 14. Last Film Search, Dunedin 1998Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 15. Videotape formats Analog tape formats Digital tape formats 1" Type B video tape (Robert Bosch GmbH) Betacam IMX (Sony) 1" Type C videotape (Ampex, Marconi and Sony) D-VHS (JVC) 2" Quadruplex videotape (Ampex) D-Theater 2" Helical Scan Videotape (Rank Cintel) D1 (Sony) Betacam (Sony) D2 (Sony) Betacam SP (Sony) D3 Betamax (Sony) D5 HD S-VHS (JVC) (1987) Digital-S D9 (JVC) W-VHS (JVC) (1994) Digital Betacam (Sony) U-matic 3/4" (Sony) Digital8 (Sony) VCR, VCR-LP, SVR DV VERA (BBC experimental format ca. 1958) HDV VHS (JVC) ProHD (JVC) VHS-C (JVC) MicroMV Video 2000 (Philips) MiniDVWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 16. Video codecs (from wikipedia) Lossless compression Alpary Lagarith - Lagarith Codec (VfW codec), Animation (qtrle) - QuickTime, FFmpeg FFmpeg ArithYuv LOCO - FFmpeg (decoder only) AVIzlib - LCL (VfW codec), FFmpeg LZO ! ! CamStudio GZIP/LZO MSU Lossless Video Codec Dirac lossless - libdirac, FFmpeg PNG - CorePNG, FFmpeg (decoder only) !! SheerVideo FastCodec Snow lossless - FFmpeg Fraps - FFmpeg (decoder only) TechSmith Screen Capture Codec (TSCC) FFV1 - FFmpeg - FFmpeg H264 lossless - x264 (encoder only), Ut Video[5] - FFmpeg (decoder only) FFmpeg YULS Huffyuv - FFmpeg ZMBV (Zip Motion Block Video) Codec JPEG 2000 lossless - FFmpeg ZRLE used by VNCWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 17. Lossy compression More video codecs Audio Video Standard (AVS) OpenAVS - FFmpeg FFmpeg InterVideo Video Decoder Blackbird FORscene video codec Ligos LSX MPEG-2 Cineform MainConcept MPEG-2 Cinepak - FFmpeg (decoder only) TMPGEnc Dirac - Schrödinger, dirac-research, FFmpeg !! H.263 - FFmpeg H.263 (libavcodec) DV - FFmpeg (decoder only) Firebird [1] Original FORscene video codec MPEG-4 Part 2 (MPEG-4 Advanced H.261 - FFmpeg H.261 (libavcodec) Simple Profile) MPEG-1 Part 2 (MPEG-1 Video) 3ivx Cinema Craft Encoder DivX Elecard MPEG-1 Decoder/Encoder Elecard MPEG-4 Decoder/Encoder FFmpeg libavcodec Ligos LSX MPEG-1 HDX4 MainConcept MPEG-1 Nero Digital TMPGEnc Xvid ! ! H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2 (MPEG-2 Video) Canopus ProCoder Cinema Craft Encoder Elecard MPEG-2 Video Decoder/EncoderWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 18. Lossy compression (continued) Indeo 3/4/5 - FFmpeg (decoder only) MJPEG FFmpeg Pixlet Morgan Multimedia M-JPEG Apple ProRes 422 - FFmpeg Pegasus PICVideo M-JPEG RealVideo - FFmpeg PICVideo Snow Wavelet Codec JPEG 2000 intra frame video codec Sorenson Video, Sorenson Spark - FFmpeg H.264/MPEG-4 AVC or MPEG-4 Part 10, Tarkin CoreAVC Theora - FFmpeg (decoding only), libtheora Elecard AVC Decoder/Encoder VC-1 (SMPTE standard, subset of Windows MainConcept Media Video) Nero Digital FFmpeg (decoder only) QuickTime H.264 VC-2 SMPTE standard (a.k.a. Dirac Pro) Sorenson AVC Pro codec, Schrödinger, dirac-research Vanguard Software Solutions VC-3 SMPTE standard - Avid DNxHD, x264 (encoder only) FFmpeg FFmpeg (decoder only Windows Media Video (WMV) WAX OMS Video On2 Technologies TrueMotion VP3/VP4, VP5, VP6, VP7, VP8; ! under the name The Duck Corporation: TrueMotion S, ! TrueMotion 2, FFmpeg (decoder only)Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 19. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 20. JPEG2000 Created in 2000 by the Joint Photographic Experts Group - Flexible codestream, scalable compression - provides for both Lossless and Lossy compression - complex encoders/decoders - ISO standard - Digital Cinema standard - initially slow to gain acceptance - licensed but coding system available freeWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 21. [New Zealand infantry] - 1914 recently scanned at Weta DigitalWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 22. Upstream, John Ford, 1928Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 23. IBM 1401 Data Processing System from 1959. From the left: 1402 Card Read-Punch, 1401 Processing Unit, 1403 Printer.Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 24. Risks earthquake fire tornado tsunami arson vandalism theft litigation ignorance war depression indifferenceWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 25. Technical Risks Obsolescence - hardware & software have a finite lifetime Data Integrity - latent errors, ingest errors, transfer errors Single Point Loss - single copy vulnerable to machine error, human error or natural disaster Mono Culture - singular technologies can suffer Compression - mathematically lossless, perceptually lossless, lossy compressionWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 26. Jedi Archives, Coruscant. Star Wars. Episode IIWednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 27. Keanu Reeves as Johnny Mnemonic 1995Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 28. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 29. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 30. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 31. Dreamtime (or how Goodbye Pork Pie becomes a legend)Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 32. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 33. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 34. Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 35. The Automated Archive no more boring tasks in your paperless office Digital deposit, accessioning and cataloguing through metadata and crowd sourcing But getting everything digitised is hard on humans The Distributed Archive safety in numbers Compact storage and many copies means less risk of loss More reliant on complex technology and material can still burn and drown The Everything for Everyone Archive quantity vs quality We can keep everything and have it instantly available We may lose control of the content and will that devalue it?Wednesday, 4 April 2012
  • 36. The Digital Archive promises a bright future We just have to keep up with it jamielean@nzfa.org.nz www.filmarchive.org.nzWednesday, 4 April 2012