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Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?
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Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin?

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Presentation by Daniel Cornélis at the symposium, "Innovative ways for conserving the ecosystem services provided by bushmeat" in the 51th Annual Meeting ATBC 2014 in Cairns, Australia.

Presentation by Daniel Cornélis at the symposium, "Innovative ways for conserving the ecosystem services provided by bushmeat" in the 51th Annual Meeting ATBC 2014 in Cairns, Australia.

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  • 1. Should African governments pull bushmeat trade out the shadows in the Congo Basin? ATBC Meeting, 20-24July 2014, Cairns, Australia. Daniel Cornélis(1), Nathalie van Vliet(2), Sébastien Le Bel(1) Robert Nasi(2), Alain Billand(1) (1) Cirad – Agricultural Research Center for Development (2) Cifor - Center for International Forestry Research
  • 2. Introduction Congo basin tropical forest block - covers around 2 million sq. km. - straddles over 6 countries - hotspot of biodiversity
  • 3. Introduction Congo basin population - Around 100 000 inhabitants - Main protein source : hunting
  • 4. Introduction Increasing human impacts - Logging - Road network expansion - Subsistence to commercial hunting
  • 5. Bushmeat crisis in Central Africa !!! www.bushmeat.net
  • 6. From “bushmeat” to “bush meats” recognition Strictly protected Partially protected UnprotectedSpecies protection status (Gabon) :
  • 7. Strictly protected Partially protected UnprotectedSpecies protection status (Gabon) : From “bushmeat” to “bush meats” recognition
  • 8. Urban consumption represents only 6% of the overall consumption of bushmeat X = Estimates of bushmeat consumption in the Congo Basin : 4 million tons / year Nasi, Taber & Van Vliet (2011) Empty forests, empty stomachs?
  • 9. PopulationsizeN Time T ProductionP Population size N Unsustainability remains a hypothesis for common species Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) 0.5 K Carrying capacity (K)
  • 10. PopulationsizeN Time T ProductionP Population size N $2100 per kg on the black market in Beijing, China by craftsmen or factory owners (Save The Elephants, 2014) Unsustainability remains a hypothesis for common species
  • 11. PopulationsizeN Time T ProductionP Population size N Economic threshold Unsustainability remains a hypothesis for common species ? ?
  • 12. What are the options ? 250,000 km2 Potential alternatives to hunting ? - Livestock breeding - Livestock importation - Mini-livestock ? ?
  • 13. • There is a need to break this “ideological straitjacket” according to which man is inherently bad for nature, particularly in Africa. • Hunt for food is a basic right, and the sale is a legally supervised practice worldwide Shifting the Paradigm ...
  • 14. 5 good reasons to legalize bushmeat trade of resilient species in village territories: • Food security (protein source) • Important source of income in rural areas • Informal activities are shortfalls for communities and Governments (tax revenues) • A legal production system is simpler to follow in terms of public health (zoonoses). • Organizing community-based hunting of common species paves the way for the implementation of practices favorable to the conservation of endangered species Shifting the Paradigm ...
  • 15. • Test new commercial approaches on common and resilient species • in village hunting territories • In forest concessions • Adapt the legal framework (currently inadequate and subject to interpretation): • Inadequate (Open periods, game species, hunting methods, etc.). • Subject to interpretation (eg not easy distinction between subsistence hunting and commercial hunting) Way(s) forward ?
  • 16. Source: World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the U.N. Secretariat http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Humandensity(perkm2) Humanpopulation(millions) Year Central Africa - Human population prospects High variant Medium variant Low variant Expected and unexpected trends
  • 17. Thank you for your attention!

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