0
0
Metodologías Gold Standard para proyectos
de estufas eficientes
27 March, 2014
1
Contents
• Target Population Profile - Colombia
• Summary of the Methodologies
• How to Select the Methodology?
• Simpli...
2
Colombia Target Population Profile
• Target Population Profile (Rural)
• Target 2.9 Million (25% of Colombia Population)...
3
GS Methodologies
• Gold Standard Methodologies Applicable to
Cookstove Activities
- Simplified Methodology for Efficient...
4
GS Methodologies
mCookstove Methodology TPDDTEC
Project Type Thermal Energy Consumption for
- Domestic Premises i.e.,
Ho...
5
- Baseline and project technology
- Project Scale
- Applicability conditions
- Monitoring requirements
- Carbon project ...
6
Simplified Efficient Cookstove Methodology
– Dispersed and remotely located end users
– Main baseline fuel - Firewood
– ...
7
Key Elements – Applicability Criteria
Criteria Details Colombia (Yes/No)
Baseline Fuel Fire-wood (Only) Yes
Baseline sto...
8
Key elements – Applicability Criteria
Criteria Details Colombia (Yes/No)
Project Boundary Physical, geographical site of...
9
Measuring Emission reduction(s)
Parameter Details Options
NP,y Number of project cookstoves of each age
group operationa...
10
Criteria Details Options
EFb,fuel,non_CO2 Non-CO2 emission factor of firewood that is
substituted or reduced. (Default ...
11
Quantity of firewood saved
Parameter Details Options
Bb,y Quantity of firewood consumed in baseline
scenario during yea...
12
Other parameters
Criteria Details Options
DFη Discount factor to account for efficiency loss of
project cookstove per y...
13
Monitoring requirements
A. Sales Record/ Project database
1. Frequency (Continuous)
• Date of sale and of installation
...
14
A. Monitoring Studies
• User Survey
– Frequency (Annual)
– Sample Size
• Project target population < 300: Minimum sampl...
15
Guidelines/Survey Template(s)
• Baseline, Project , Usage Survey
• How to assess the physical condition of Cookstove to...
16
The Gold Standard Foundation
Vikash Talyan
vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org
+41 22 788 70 80
www.goldstandard.org
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Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Metodologías GS Estufas eficientes por: Vikash Talyan

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Fundación Natura y The Gold Standard Foundation (GSF) llevaron a cabo el Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia sobre estándares, metodologías y experiencias nacionales en el desarrollo de estrategias y proyectos de Estufas Eficientes de Leña. Este evento contó con la presencia de expertos nacionales e internacionales. Compartimos una de las presentaciones.

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Transcript of "Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Metodologías GS Estufas eficientes por: Vikash Talyan"

  1. 1. 0 Metodologías Gold Standard para proyectos de estufas eficientes 27 March, 2014
  2. 2. 1 Contents • Target Population Profile - Colombia • Summary of the Methodologies • How to Select the Methodology? • Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstove – Key Applicability Criteria – Measuring of Emission reduction – Monitoring requirements – Guidelines/Survey Template(s) – Example Case Study
  3. 3. 2 Colombia Target Population Profile • Target Population Profile (Rural) • Target 2.9 Million (25% of Colombia Population) around 14% households Access to Natural Gas Andean region (hhs) Other regions (hhs) Disconnected 412,000 (4% population) 225,000 (2% Population) Connected 1,800,000 (15% population) 458,000 (4% Population) • Fuel and Baseline Cooking Device Disconnected Device: 3- brick fire variations Fuel: Firewood Device: 3- brick fire variations Fuel: Firewood Connected Device: 3 brick fire variations, LPG stove, some Lorena, electric stoves Fuel: Firewood, LPG sometime electricity
  4. 4. 3 GS Methodologies • Gold Standard Methodologies Applicable to Cookstove Activities - Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstove (mCookstove Methodology) - Technologies and Practices to Displace Decentralized Thermal Energy Consumption (TPDDTEC) - Thermal Energy from Plant Oil for the User of Cookstove
  5. 5. 4 GS Methodologies mCookstove Methodology TPDDTEC Project Type Thermal Energy Consumption for - Domestic Premises i.e., Household Cooking Thermal energy consumption for - Domestic premises such as Residential, Institutional, Schools, Hospitals, Hostels - and /or - Non-domestic premises such as Industrial or Commercial facilities Technology (ies) - Improved firewood Cookstove - Fuel Switching from non- renewable to renewable fuel - Improved biomass or fossil fuel cookstoves, solar cookers, bio-digesters - Ovens, Dryers, Space and Water Heaters (solar and otherwise), Heat retention cookers, - Safe Water Supply and Treatment Technologies that displace Water Boiling, - Thermal insulation in Cold Climates, etc.
  6. 6. 5 - Baseline and project technology - Project Scale - Applicability conditions - Monitoring requirements - Carbon project development cost Selection of Methodology mCookstove Methodology TPDDTEC methodology Project Scale Micro-scale (Less than 10000 ERs per annum) Micro-scale ERs (< 10000 Small Scale (180 GWh) Large Scale ( No Limit)
  7. 7. 6 Simplified Efficient Cookstove Methodology – Dispersed and remotely located end users – Main baseline fuel - Firewood – Baseline technology - Three Stone fire or other traditional device – Project Transaction cost – Monitoring requirements and alternatives – Options to choose between actual monitoring and default factors applicable to all activities – Simplified requirements with guidelines
  8. 8. 7 Key Elements – Applicability Criteria Criteria Details Colombia (Yes/No) Baseline Fuel Fire-wood (Only) Yes Baseline stove Three stone fire, or a conventional device without a grate or a chimney Yes Project stove A single pot or multi pot portable or an in-situ cookstove with a specified efficiency of at least 20%. Project Stove Selection No Double Counting The cookstoves counted in the proposed project activity are not included in any other voluntary market or CDM project activity. Project level Assessment Ownership rights to sell the emission reductions Units This must be communicated to the cookstoves producers, retailers and end users by contract or clear written documents. Project level measure Parallel use of baseline Stove It should be discouraged by providing incentives like discounted price for the improved Cookstove Project level measure
  9. 9. 8 Key elements – Applicability Criteria Criteria Details Colombia (Yes/No) Project Boundary Physical, geographical site of the baseline, project cookstoves and fuel collection area Project Level Assessment Target area - A village or a Group of Villages or - Municipalities, - Department or Country, or - Across multiple adjacent countries in a single sub-region Project Level Assessment Fuel production and collection area - The area within which this woody biomass can reasonably be expected to be produced, collected and supplied Project Level Assessment
  10. 10. 9 Measuring Emission reduction(s) Parameter Details Options NP,y Number of project cookstoves of each age group operational Actual Py Quantity of firewood that is saved per Household Calculated (eq-2) UP,y Usage rate for project cookstoves in year Survey fNRB,b,y Fraction of biomass used in the baseline scenario, which can be established as non- renewable Default or project level Assessment EFb,fuel,CO2 CO2 emission factor of firewood that is substituted or reduced Default
  11. 11. 10 Criteria Details Options EFb,fuel,non_CO2 Non-CO2 emission factor of firewood that is substituted or reduced. (Default value for wood fuel 0.455 tCO2/ton of wood) Default DFb,Stove,y Usage of baseline cookstove during the year y (fraction) in project scenario Survey
  12. 12. 11 Quantity of firewood saved Parameter Details Options Bb,y Quantity of firewood consumed in baseline scenario during year Survey/Literature/P erformance Test/Default ηp,y Efficiency of project cookstove in year y (fraction) Efficiency Test ηb Efficiency of the baseline cookstove being replaced (fraction). Default * A default value of 10% shall be used if the replaced cookstove is a three stone fire, or a conventional device without a grate or a chimney i.e. with no improved combustion air supply or flue gas ventilation
  13. 13. 12 Other parameters Criteria Details Options DFη Discount factor to account for efficiency loss of project cookstove per year of operation (Fraction) Default or Monitor Leakage Emissions Parameter Details Options Leakage - Applicable only for Micro-Scale Programm Default or Monitor
  14. 14. 13 Monitoring requirements A. Sales Record/ Project database 1. Frequency (Continuous) • Date of sale and of installation • Geographic area of sale • Model/type of project Cookstove(s) sold • Name and telephone number (if available), address: • Date of installation
  15. 15. 14 A. Monitoring Studies • User Survey – Frequency (Annual) – Sample Size • Project target population < 300: Minimum sample size 30 • Project target population 300 to 1000: Minimum sample size 10% of group size • Project target population > 1000 Minimum sample size 100 • Usage of baseline Cookstove during the year y (fraction) in project scenario • Physical conditions of the cookstoves Monitoring requirements
  16. 16. 15 Guidelines/Survey Template(s) • Baseline, Project , Usage Survey • How to assess the physical condition of Cookstove to ensure that it is usable or not? • Calculation tool
  17. 17. 16 The Gold Standard Foundation Vikash Talyan vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org +41 22 788 70 80 www.goldstandard.org
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