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Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Beneficios proyectos estufas mejoradas GS. Por:  Vikash Talyan
 

Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Beneficios proyectos estufas mejoradas GS. Por: Vikash Talyan

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Fundación Natura y The Gold Standard Foundation (GSF) llevaron a cabo el Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia sobre estándares, metodologías y experiencias nacionales en el desarrollo de ...

Fundación Natura y The Gold Standard Foundation (GSF) llevaron a cabo el Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia sobre estándares, metodologías y experiencias nacionales en el desarrollo de estrategias y proyectos de Estufas Eficientes de Leña. Este evento contó con la presencia de expertos nacionales e internacionales. Compartimos una de las presentaciones

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    Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Beneficios proyectos estufas mejoradas GS. Por:  Vikash Talyan Primer Taller Gold Standard en Colombia: Beneficios proyectos estufas mejoradas GS. Por: Vikash Talyan Presentation Transcript

    • 0 Beneficios de proyectos de estufas mejoradas: relaciones entre proyectos de estufas mejoradas y aspectos de género 27 March 2013
    • 1 Contents • Solid Fuel “The Silent Killer in the Kitchen” • Colombia Perspective • Role of Women • Why Women & Children ? • Women’s Invisible time and effort • Fuel Collection: Women health & Safety • Why gender perspective is relevant for Cookstove Sector? • Best Practice Examples
    • 2 Solid Fuel(s): “The Silent Killer in the Kitchen” • 3 billion people in more than 600 million of the world’s households still using solid fuels in inefficient cookstoves and open fires. • Approximately One life is lost every 8 second • More men, women, and children die each day from diseases that could be entirely prevented by using advanced or “clean” cookstoves and fuels than die from malaria or tuberculosis
    • 3 Why wood burning is Harmful? • If your Cookstove efficiency is 100%, the firewood shall convert to CO2 and H2O. • The traditional cookstoves like three stone fire, the efficiency is in the range of 7-15%. • Due to the poor combustion in traditional stove, around 20% of wood carbon is converted to toxic pollutants like CO, HC, PM etc. • Lack of ventilation, chimney makes the kitchen a smoke factory, which is being used or other purposes. Typical Cookstove releases 400 cigarettes per hour worth of smoke.
    • 4 Population (%) Cooking with Solid Fuel
    • 5 Why so many people are cooking using solid fuel? • Poverty • Access to cleaner fuel and modern technologies • Traditional practice • Lack of Awareness
    • 6 Colombia: Socio- Economic Profile • 2nd Most biodiverse in the world • Home of 45 million people • 75% Urban and 25% Rural – 11.6 Million urban Households – 2.9 Million rural households • 45% population lives under the National Poverty line 5% 66% 16% 33% 26% 1% 27% 0% 27% 0% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Urban Rural Highest High Medium Low Lowest
    • 7 • Fuel Consumption pattern • Over half of rural population still cook with solid fuel, mostly wood that they collect for themselves • Approximately 1.7 million (15% of total) Households are getting exposed to adverse impact of solid fuels Colombia: Fuel Consumption Pattern Natural Gas; 64,30% LPG; 26,60% Electricity; 4,50% Wood & Charcoal; 2,00% Other; 2,70% Coal ; 0,00% Urban Natural Gas; 4,60% LPG; 40,40% Electricity; 2,70% Wood & Charcoal; 49,30% Other; 1,90% Coal ; 0,90% Rural
    • 8 Colombia: Health Impacts • Around 1,100 - 1,900 annual deaths attributable to solid fuel use (Year 2007) • $193 million USD annual cost of health impacts of IAP (Indoor Air Pollution) associated with use of traditional fuels • Indoor/outdoor air pollution damages represent 1% of Colombia’s GDP Of which Acute respiratory illness (ARI); 47% Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; 28% Respiratory Mortality; 12% 87% Women and Children
    • 9 • Women and Children are most exposed to household Air Pollution – Women is primary cook and in charge of Kitchen – Women & children spend a lot of time in the kitchen – In 79% cases, kitchen also functions as a dining room or bedroom Mother 79% Moth er & Kid 18% Father & child 3% Father 0% Who is the Cook at home? 70% 48% 13% 9% 22% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Converse Get Warmth Watch TV or Radio Study Nothing Other activities done in the room with the wood stove? Why Women and Children ?
    • 10 Women’s Invisible Time and Effort • Women and girls are primary collector – Around 3.34 Hrs per trip – Time spent collecting fuel is wasted human capital time that could be better spent on • income generation, • education, • or other activities. – Women’s Invisible Time and Effort are • Unpaid, • Unrecorded and • Undervalued
    • 11 Fuel Collection: Women health & Safety Fuel Collectio n Head and Spinal Injuries Pregnancy Complications Rape & Assault Animal Attacks
    • 12 Why Gender Perspective is relevant for Cookstove Programme? • Can we provide any solution to these problems by implementing the improved Cookstove ? • Can Improved Cookstove programme contribute to Women Empowerment and Gender Equality ? • Women and Girls are the core of Cooking sector.
    • 13 Benefits of Improved Cookstove Programme Improved Cookstove Women Empowerment + Environment (Indoor Air Quality) + Avoiding deforestation + Health + Poverty alleviation + Time and Fuel Saving
    • 14 How Women Can Contribute to Cookstove Value Chain ? 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services • Women’s input in Design is Critical – The Cookstove designed in collaboration with the women involvement are more likely to be accepted and used by the women • Best Practice Example – The Zoom Plancha was first introduced in Mexico through a pilot project – The local women participated in-home trials over a two-month period – The Zoom Plancha model underwent several changes to become La Mera Mera means “the all-knowing woman” – Reported Uptake is around 97%
    • 15 • Production related activities such as production, assembly, and installation may provide income generation opportunities for women • Best Practice Example – GERES, a French NGO began the Cambodian Fuelwood Saving Project in urban areas of Cambodia and developed and distributed the New Lao Stove (NLS). – Started production of different model for rural areas with the help of local women groups – Production and distribution rate is 8000 stove per month – Women income generation increased around 61% 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services
    • 16 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services • Clean cooking solutions are often too expensive for outright payment by end users but not expensive enough to be attractive to financial institutions. • Women has difficulty in accessing finance • Best Practice Example – Potential Energy launched Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) with the seed capital from GACC – Innovative financing mechanisms where Women Development Associations (WDAs) who serve as the retail partners selling cookstoves on installment basis to their women members
    • 17 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services • Women have direct and unique access to purchasers and users of the cooking devices • Women have opportunities to fully participate in order to truly impact as many households as possible. • Best Practice Example – GVEP International (Global Village Energy Partnership) an NGO is working to increase access to modern energy and reduce poverty in developing countries – GVEP involved women in the cookstove programme by recruiting women’s groups, and conducted door-to-door recruitment. – In Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania there are around 150 improved cookstove businesses groups led by women only.
    • 18 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services • Women can be the key to scaling distribution of cookstoves. • Women have access to hard-to-reach households, can utilize woman-to- woman marketing techniques, and are trusted promoters of household products among their peers. • Best Practice Example – The Paradigm Project is utilizing the wide reach of women as a trained and branded clean energy sales force in East Africa. – Paradigm aims to recruit a minimum of 50 percent female sales agents in Rwanda, Ethiopia, and Kenya over the next two years. The overall project goals are to deploy 5 million improved cookstoves over the next 10 years.
    • 19 1. Product design 2. Production 3. Consumer Finance 4. Supplier Finance 5. Distribution 6. After Sales Services • The women as primary users of clean cookstoves, it is logical that they are the ones who can become experts in their maintenance and encourage their long- term adoption. • Woman-to-woman communication can be very effective, particularly in rural and conservative areas, and can help in ensuring that cookstove are being used regularly and correctly. • Best Practice Example – Sakhi Unique Rural Enterprise (SURE), founded in India in 2009, engages rural women in the supply chain to bring improved cookstoves, to last mile consumers. – In partnership with over 400 Sakhis (women), SURE has already sold over 86,000 improved cookstoves. – 25% of these are well trained in after sale services.
    • 20 Summary • Women is core of cooking sector. • Along with other environment, social, health benefits, the cookstove programme can help in women empowerment by - engaging women in income-generating opportunities - especially in the marketing, distribution, sales, and after-sales servicing of cookstove programme.
    • 21 The Gold Standard Foundation Vikash Talyan vikash.talyan@goldstandard.org +41 22 788 70 80 www.goldstandard.org
    • 22 Colombia: Fuel Consumption Pattern 20% 19% 12% 16% 16% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Caribbean East Bogoto Central Pacific Amazons Overall % Using Solid Fuel , by Region