Spanish experience of a sectoral training fund: Fundación Laboral de la Construcción
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Spanish experience of a sectoral training fund: Fundación Laboral de la Construcción

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Fundación Laboral de la Construcción

Fundación Laboral de la Construcción
Thessaloniki, septiembre de 2008

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Spanish experience of a sectoral training fund: Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Spanish experience of a sectoral training fund: Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Presentation Transcript

  • Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Spanish experience of a sectoral training fund:
  • Index
    • Context of the construction industry
    • Fundación Laboral de la Construcción
    • Training programmes
    • Resources
    • Research & Development
    • Advantages of the sectoral approach in the construction industry in Spain
    • Drawbacks
  • 1. Context of the construction industry
  • Sectoral context Construction: a significant industry in Spain % GDP (2007) EU: 10,7 % Spain: 18 % 448.408 enterprises more than 14.6% of total Year 2007 Economic data
  • Sectoral context Economic data Construction: a significant industry in Spain % GDP (2007) EU: 10,7 % Spain: 18 % 448.408 enterprises more than 14.6% of total Year 2007 Labour data % Labour force (2007) EU: 7,2 % Spain: 13% Year 2007
  • Construction process and its consequences for skills formation Sectoral context Cyclical fluctuation Workforce mobility Labour risks Poor image Temporary work High percentage of SMEs
  • Sectoral context Cyclical fluctuation Workforce mobility Labour risks Poor image Temporary work High percentage of SMEs Difficulty to accumulate human capital within the industry: quantitative (workforce needed) and qualitative (qualified workers) Construction process and its consequences for skills formation
  • Sectoral context Need for a sustainable industry Skills deficit Poor working conditions S&H risks Encouraging skill formation and retaining workers Improving both employment and working conditions “ Traditional approaches” - Company level - National policy “ New approach” - From a sectoral perspective - FLC
  • Sectoral context Skills and training in the construction industry: back in 1992 Skills acquired through experience at worksite, with no accreditation Greater provision of training for higher technical professions Workforce with low level of education and training Education and training system did not meet the needs of the construction sector No attention at S&H training
  • 2. The “ Fundación Laboral de la Construcción” 2. Fundación Laboral de la Construcción
  • Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Promotion of occupational training Aims of Fundación Promotion of safety and health at work Promotion of employment and craftsmanship
  • Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Non-profit bipartite organization (employers confederation + trade unions) Financial resources: industry contribution and public subsidies (FTFE) Nationwide (regional councils)
  • Board (Representatives of employers and trade unions) CEO Regional Boards Regional Managing Directors Finance Director Human Resources Director Training Director S&H Director Decentralized management at regional level, and national coordination (FLC headquarters) Fundación Laboral de la Construcción Organization chart
  • 3. Training programmes
  • Growth in the number of participants in vocational training in the construction industry The number of trainees has risen 121% in the last five years 30.168 trainees 2002 66.644 trainees 2007 Training programmes
  • Formación impartida Continuing training Training programmes evolution 2003 / 2007 Programmes Occupational training Initial training Total Most of workers participate in Continuing Vocational Training programmes Training programmes
  • Number of participants in CVT (FLC) by training area Making efforts to encourage specific training to meet the needs of the construction industry Training programmes
  • Making efforts to encourage specific training to meet the needs of the construction industry Training programmes Number of participants in CVT (FLC) by training area
  • Percentage of participants in CVT (FLC) by occupation (2002-2007) Greater participation of low level and skilled workers occupations Training programmes
  • Percentage of participants in CVT (FLC) by nationality (2002-2007) Adapting to the changes in the labour force: Increasing number of foreign trainees Training programmes
  • 4. Resources
  • Over 1.800 Trainers Training centres 40 Resources
  • Development of pedagogical resources Types of training: classroom, distance learning and online training  higher participation. Collaboration of experts in the field of training  better training and learning. Adaptation to the characteristics of different occupational groups  broader target of workers. Resources
    • Over 100 text books
    • 18 new books in 2007
    Resources
    • ICT Training system
      • Quality
      • New training methods
      • Improved communication in distance learning
      • Better access to CVT
    4.832 on-line trainees (30% of total participants in distance learning programmes 2007) Resources On-line learning system
  • 5. Research & Development
  • Survey on training needs and occupations (2006 - 2007) Evaluation of training courses Research & Development Creation of monitoring systems
    • VOCATIONAL TRAINING RESEARCH PROJECTS
    • Workshops on accreditation and recognition of competencies acquired through non-formal learning process
    • Specialized trainers training
    • Workshop on the present and future of the vocational training in the field of building and civil engineering
    Studies & Research projects Research & Development
    • EUROPEAN PROJECTS
    • Q.CA.S.E: “La Qualitá nei Cantieri Scuala Europei”
    • TRAVEL-Q: “TRAVEL and Experimentation Land with Quality”
    • “ Pathways for skills transfer”
    • Website on career counselling for young people
    • Definition and validation of qualifications within the national system
    • Accreditation and recognition of competencies acquired through non-formal and informal learning
    Research & Development Cooperation with the Ministry of Education
    • Card issued by Fundación Laboral de la Construcción with the aim to demonstrate:
      • Training in S&H
      • Work experience and occupational level
      • Any other vocational training
      • Compulsory medical check- ups
    Accreditation of Safety and Health competencies Research & Development
  • 6. Advantages of the sectoral approach in the construction industry in Spain
  • Provision of training adapted to qualification requirements of the industry Qualifications and training courses recognised across the sector Higher quality of training courses Better management of resources This sectoral approach meets the qualification needs of the industry… Advantages of the sectoral approach
  • ICT and new pedagogical resources Free training (public funds and industry levy): facilitating the access for SMEs and disadvantaged workers Meeting the labour market needs: close contact with companies and workers This Breaking barriers: a ccess to CVT for all level of occupations thanks to... Advantages of the sectoral approach
  • Improving workers S&H Collective Bargaining process emphasizes the importance of S&H training Integration of S&H into craft training programmes Advantages of the sectoral approach
  • Improving workers S&H Collective Bargaining process emphasizes the importance of S&H training Integration of S&H into craft training programmes Specific S&H training for different occupations and accreditation through “ Tarjeta Profesional de la Construcción” TPC Advantages of the sectoral approach
  • 7. Drawbacks
  • Actions require consensus between the social partners Difficulties to match nationwide approach with local needs Drawbacks are rooted in its characteristics… Drawbacks “ Formal” instability of the CVT system in Spain ...and in the requirements of the “Vocational Training State Fund” Inflexibility of the economic module scheme Excessive “red tape” procedures and economic audit orientation
  • Conclusion The sectoral approach of “Fundación Laboral de la Construcción”, has made it possible to meet the true needs of the construction sector:
    • Training provision for qualifications in construction.
    • Better access to vocational training for all groups of workers.
    • Improvement of working conditions
    • Retaining skilled workforce
  •