The use of ICT on   H&S training at FLCJosé A. Viejo             LuxembourgTraining Manager   November 22nd, 2012         ...
The   LABOUR FOUNDATION   FOR THECONSTRUCTION  INDUSTRY               2                   2
ICT on H&S trainingBackground   The Foundation is a non-profit paritarian organization,   created by virtue of the Nationa...
ICT on H&S trainingOur goals        VET           OHS     E   VOCATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT   EDUCATION HEALTH & SAFE...
ICT on H&S trainingMain figures                  180.000                  158.094                  alumnos                ...
About our  FORMERH&S TRAINING               6
ICT on H&S trainingH&S training in Spain                                 EMPLOYEES                        COORDINATORS    ...
ICT on H&S trainingH&S training for employees    According to the National Collective    Agreement of the Construction Sec...
ICT on H&S training  Some mistakes       Employees & employers’ main goal: avoid fines.       Training with lack of peda...
ICT on H&S trainingOutcome                  Accidents                               Incidence rate 300.000                ...
Towards a    NEWH&S TRAINING               11
ICT on H&S trainingH&S training: all agents must be involved                         Designers               Employer     ...
ICT on H&S training How to go further in the long term?             Industrializing the construction process            De...
ICT on H&S training   New training approach                   Doing learning more engaging.                   Deployment...
A tip: integrate H&S and trade training    H&S training on its own is not fully powerful.    Operator’s training should ...
ICT atFOUNDATION             16
ICT on H&S training E-learning Vs distance learning. Online Campus even for in-classroom courses. Videoconferencing:      ...
ICT on H&S trainingInteractive multimedia teaching materialfor OHS in-classroom courses.                                  ...
ICT on H&S training     Case study                    Resources for online Campus                      Multimedia activiti...
ICT on H&S training      Hard simulators                   Online simulators    Augmented reality (AR)                    ...
ICT on H&S trainingComing soon      Mobile   Game Based Learning       Social Media Learning: towards learning 2.0      ...
AboutSIMULATORS   and H&S  TRAINING             22
What’s a training simulator?    A set made up of hardware & software     recreating:       Real working conditions of ma...
ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Training criterion        Optimize the resources in the classroom.        Motivate an...
ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Preventive criterion      Make feasible and affordable recreating breakdowns.      Le...
ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Economic criterion                               They are expensive, but real          ...
Regarding costs and profitability    Taking into account your goals regarding the simulator:       Erase unnecessary ele...
ICT on H&S trainingSimulators Vs Machinery  Can simulators substitute machinery? ABSOLUTELY NOT                           ...
Some ideas to waste money with simulators       Simulator used incidentally, like a curiosity       There is no follow-u...
Integrate the simulator in the training process      Part of the syllabus, specific time to use it.      Importance of t...
Summing up 1. Using simulators is a strategic decision: impact on    training quality and cost. 2. Simulators must be born...
Case study: ARapplied to safe maintenance                  32
Necessities:    High rate of accidents and breakdowns     in small machinery    Poor maintenance and safety ignorance  ...
Challenges faced by AR: 1. Making training more attractive and engaging:    tablets & smartphones. 2. Training in classroo...
José A. ViejoTraining managerjviejo@fundacionlaboral.org                    35
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The use of ICT on H&S training at FLC - José A. Viejo

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Ponencia de José A. Viejo, director de Formación de la Fundación Laboral de la Construcción, en la conferencia sobre 'Prevención ante los riesgos laborales: simulaciones, entrenamientos, formación y soluciones para el futuro' organizada por el Institut de Formation Sectoriel du Bâtiment y el Ministerio de Trabajo del Gobierno de Luxemburgo, celebrada el 22 de noviembre de 2012.

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The use of ICT on H&S training at FLC - José A. Viejo

  1. 1. The use of ICT on H&S training at FLCJosé A. Viejo LuxembourgTraining Manager November 22nd, 2012 1
  2. 2. The LABOUR FOUNDATION FOR THECONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY 2 2
  3. 3. ICT on H&S trainingBackground The Foundation is a non-profit paritarian organization, created by virtue of the National Collective Agreement in 1992. Its board is composed of:  26 members on behalf of the employers’ organizations.  26 members on behalf of the trade unions. 3
  4. 4. ICT on H&S trainingOur goals VET OHS E VOCATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT EDUCATION HEALTH & SAFETY &TRAINING 4
  5. 5. ICT on H&S trainingMain figures 180.000 158.094 alumnos 42 training workers +400 training centers across formados en trained in 2009 courses the country 2011 Quality: 21 OHS ISO 9001:2008 practice More than More than 140 1.700 trainers ISO 14001:2004 centres own textbooks EFQM: +300 Management Trades Health & Safety 5
  6. 6. About our FORMERH&S TRAINING 6
  7. 7. ICT on H&S trainingH&S training in Spain EMPLOYEES COORDINATORS 7
  8. 8. ICT on H&S trainingH&S training for employees According to the National Collective Agreement of the Construction Sector: 1st level of OHS training: to identify the most frequent risks at the worksite and to implement the preventive measures that must be taken. 2nd level of OHS training: training focused on the specific job/occupation of each worker. Construction Professional Card: +640,000 8
  9. 9. ICT on H&S training Some mistakes  Employees & employers’ main goal: avoid fines.  Training with lack of pedagogical competencies:  OHS training based on knowledge.  Focus on the law and rules.  Very theoretical classes.  Low participation and interaction.  Trainees’ features and background were not analyzed.  Learning transfer to the job? 9
  10. 10. ICT on H&S trainingOutcome Accidents Incidence rate 300.000 16.000 250.000 14.000 12.000 200.000 10.000 150.000 8.000 100.000 6.000 4.000 50.000 2.000 0 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010… so, what’s the next step? 10
  11. 11. Towards a NEWH&S TRAINING 11
  12. 12. ICT on H&S trainingH&S training: all agents must be involved Designers Employer Employees Coordinators Constructors 12
  13. 13. ICT on H&S training How to go further in the long term? Industrializing the construction process Designing safety projects since the early stages: focus on architects, engineers, promoters, constructors... Promoting R&D on S&H in the construction sector, and creating ways to spread the outcomes This is challenging, but nowadays it’s a little bit out of my scope! 13
  14. 14. ICT on H&S training New training approach  Doing learning more engaging.  Deployment of inductive methodologies.  Changing attitudes and motivation.  Integrating H&S in the trade training.  Hands-on training, in the worksite if possible.  Guaranteeing the learning transfer to the job. And here it is when ICT come to FLC By the way, any other suggestions? Please, let me know: jviejo@fundacionlaboral.org 14
  15. 15. A tip: integrate H&S and trade training  H&S training on its own is not fully powerful.  Operator’s training should include safe work procedures for every condition & circumstance.  Trainees must be capable to react properly to whatever breakdown, emergency or incident.  Assessment system should punish the lack of prevention, even when no accident happens.  All above is universally applicable, even for simulators. 15
  16. 16. ICT atFOUNDATION 16
  17. 17. ICT on H&S training E-learning Vs distance learning. Online Campus even for in-classroom courses. Videoconferencing: 17
  18. 18. ICT on H&S trainingInteractive multimedia teaching materialfor OHS in-classroom courses. 18
  19. 19. ICT on H&S training Case study Resources for online Campus Multimedia activities Real examples Resources for classrooms Plan execution and 3D modelling DVD: History of trades 19
  20. 20. ICT on H&S training Hard simulators Online simulators Augmented reality (AR) It is a live view of a real-world environment (on a screen), whose elements are augmented by computer-generated sensory input, such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data.
  21. 21. ICT on H&S trainingComing soon  Mobile Game Based Learning  Social Media Learning: towards learning 2.0 21
  22. 22. AboutSIMULATORS and H&S TRAINING 22
  23. 23. What’s a training simulator?  A set made up of hardware & software recreating:  Real working conditions of machinery, equipment, etc.  Its labour environment.  An instructional design.  An assessment system. 23
  24. 24. ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Training criterion  Optimize the resources in the classroom.  Motivate and sensitize.  Make easy to get fond of machinery’s procedures.  Make possible progressive sequences of exercises.  Allow the debriefing and trace of the trainee 24
  25. 25. ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Preventive criterion  Make feasible and affordable recreating breakdowns.  Let train under dangerous conditions with NO RISK for:  trainee,  classmates,  machinery, and  environment.  Allow to recreate risks due to interaction between different machinery and equipment..  Offer the chance to stop simulation when no respecting procedures. 25
  26. 26. ICT on H&S trainingWhy simulators? Economic criterion They are expensive, but real machinery is even more: Machinery per classroom Vs simulator per trainee  1 trainer per 15 trainees  1 machine per 5 trainees  Efficiency? Control level?Additional machinery costs (besides renting/depreciation):  Breakdowns  Fuel/electricity  Maintenance  Classes cancelled by weather conditions, etc. 26
  27. 27. Regarding costs and profitability  Taking into account your goals regarding the simulator:  Erase unnecessary elements.  Think about the quality level required.  Consider the system portability.  Remember the maintenance cost: updating SW, spare. Vs  Key factor: amortization (no unit price):  Number of trainees per year?  Training budget for the course? 27
  28. 28. ICT on H&S trainingSimulators Vs Machinery Can simulators substitute machinery? ABSOLUTELY NOT Vs But they can:  Make easy the initial contact with real machinery.  Reduce the training time with real machinery.  Complement the acquisition of competencies.  Enrich the training.  Show and experiment non-standard situations. 28
  29. 29. Some ideas to waste money with simulators  Simulator used incidentally, like a curiosity  There is no follow-up system  No correction.  Simulator for self-learning  Simulator as a videogame  Trainers not well trained and engaged. This is a timid approach that not allow high impact learning 29
  30. 30. Integrate the simulator in the training process  Part of the syllabus, specific time to use it.  Importance of trainee performance tracing system.  Exercise’s parameters for every trainee.  Automatic and enriched assessment: screech of brakes, useless movements...  It’s a requisite prior to operate real machinery. Rigorous training approach for real work!!! 30
  31. 31. Summing up 1. Using simulators is a strategic decision: impact on training quality and cost. 2. Simulators must be born from real training needs and goals. 3. Sometimes, less is more. 4. Its development should be a collaborative process: H&S experts, operators, trainers, computer engineers. 5. Simulator are beneficial for unexplored aspects about trade training and OHS training. 6. Simulator’s homologation for official VET? 31
  32. 32. Case study: ARapplied to safe maintenance 32
  33. 33. Necessities:  High rate of accidents and breakdowns in small machinery  Poor maintenance and safety ignorance  Low weight of safe maintenance in operators’ training  Lack of interest in these topics by traineesCourse goal: Increasing more than 30 safe maintenance basic skills related to the backhoe in its mini version: 1CX JCB backhoe 33
  34. 34. Challenges faced by AR: 1. Making training more attractive and engaging: tablets & smartphones. 2. Training in classroom and at worksite: AR works with both pictures and real machinery. 3. Integrating safe maintenance in the operator training. 4. Transferring learning to real work. 5. Reducing training costs by using mobile devices.Demo: Video 34
  35. 35. José A. ViejoTraining managerjviejo@fundacionlaboral.org 35

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