Vegetable Gardening Plant Combinations: Companion Planting No Dig - Word


Published on

Vegetable Gardening Plant Combinations: Companion Planting No Dig - Word

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Vegetable Gardening Plant Combinations: Companion Planting No Dig - Word

  1. 1. Vegetable Gardening Plant Combinations: Companion Planting NO DigCompanion planting and combining means growing plants together that like or benefit each other.Vegetable companion gardening can have a real impact on the health and yield of your plants.In nature everything interacts to create a whole life force. This is a basic understanding... thateverything organic and living has a mutual influence on every other living thing.Every plant has an effect on every other plant and every creature has an effect on every othercreature.Over time, gardeners have observed these interrelationships, and scientists have studied them.It‘s well worth while reading a little bit about how and why companion planting is so importantbefore we get into which specific plants go with what. . . .Plants, unlike many people, are not timid. They are always actively engaged in growing as fast andas strong as they can and re-populating their species. They do all this by sending out root hairs as farinto the soil as they can depending on their surroundings.They select and reject nutrients; they create in their structure and the environment, complex chemicalcompounds, such as perfumes, pollen, essential oils, growth inhibitors, hormones, enzymes and someminute trace elements.Different species accumulate certain substances that affect the surrounding ecology, often once theplant has died and the decaying tissue is carried away and re-deposited by insect droppings, or othergo-betweens.Natures Way of Companion PlantingThe companion effect happens naturally in the wild. Flora and fauna of fields, meadows, forests,swamps and deserts, all evolve for mutual benefit. It may seem like survival of the fittest, but thetruth is some species prefer to grow with specific others, balancing out their differences andproviding ideal conditions for optimising their unique traits.Plants dont like to fight for their food, so shallow rooted plants prefer to grow near deep rootedplants and each can get their nutrients from different levels. Some smaller plants like a bit of weatherprotection from bigger plants. Conversely, dry loving plants sulk if grown alongside plants thatthrive with wet feet.Just like us, lifes too short for putting up with bad conditions... so aim for the good life for yourplants too!
  2. 2. Uh oh... I hear you say...If it all sounds overly complex and high falutin, step back and observe. Thats what good gardenersare so good at... just observe what works for you in your patch, not what you read or what theJoneses do.Theres a good deal of debate on some of the mixes and matches of plant combining, and in one areaor climate certain twosomes or threesomes may get along particularly well... but change theconditions... and trouble brews.Often plants that seemingly dislike each other can successfully co-exist as long as theyre spacedfather enough away so their root zones dont overlap... therefore wider rows may work or maybehave some herbs planted amongst them.If your garden is a jumbled jungle and thrives, then no need to order your plants around. But ifperchance something isnt quite up to scratch, then practise a little plant companionship and see ifthat brings improvements.Home veggie gardeners of course usually like to grow their food on as much available space as theycan. They don‘t want weeds, pests or ornamentals occupying valuable real estate!But flowers for example make good companion plants as well as adding beauty. They can attractpredators to go after pests and they bring bees to your garden for pollinating your fruit.
  3. 3. Aromatic weeds and herbs help confuse hungry pests that might go after your crops. Their fragrancescan distract pests away or mask the odor from the pests‘ normal favorite plants.Intercropping or Interplanting goes hand in hand with companion planting.Crop Rotation is also an indispensable ally for gardeners, and is another way of plants benefitting other plants.The chart below lists the well-known basic veggie warm fuzzies... who loves who and who not and why. Companion Planting Chart for VegetablesVegetable Good Companions Bad CompanionsAsparagus Basil, tomato, Nasturtium, Onion, garlic, potato, parsley, basil, dill, coriander, marigold, aster flower (Parsley and marigolds repel asparagus beetles, solanine in tomatoes protect against asparagus beetles)Beans Carrot, cabbage, cauliflower, Chives, leek, garlic, onions, tomatoes, peppers cucumber, celery, corn, marigold. (Corn protects against wind, sun and provides climbing support. Squash has deep roots, beans are shallow and squash smothers weeds and provides a living mulch) Cucumber, strawberries (Particularly go well near dwarf beans)Broad Beans Brassicas, carrot, celery, Fennel corn, lettuce, potatoBeets Broccoli, lettuce, onion, sage Bean (pole and runner)Broccoli Celery, chamomile, mint, dill, Oregano, strawberry, tomato rosemary (Dill attracts beneficial wasps to help control pests including cabbageworms. Rosemary repels cabbage fly)Brussels Potato, thyme, dill Strawberry, tomatoSproutsCabbage Beetroot, bush beans, celery, Strawberry, tomato mint, onion, potato, oregano, (Although tomatoes and cabbages usually repel each dill, chamomile, sage other, the solanine in a few nearby tomatoes will help (Aromatic plants like onion, deter diamondback moth larva) celery and herbs help keep
  4. 4. cabbages pest free)Carrot Bush beans, pole beans, Dill, parsnip lettuce, onion, garlic etc, parsley, rosemary, pea, radish, tomato (Onion family plants, parsley and rosemary deter carrot rust fly)Cauliflower Peas, beans, celery, oregano Nasturtium, peas, potato, strawberry, tomato (Peas and beans help fix nitrogen to supply to cauliflowers)Celery Cabbage, cauliflower, leek, Parsnip, potato onion, spinach, tomato (Leeks like similar high potash growing conditions as Celery and celeriac)Chard Cabbage, endive(Swisschard,silverbeet)Corn Beans, cucumber, melon, Tomato peas, pumpkin, potato, radish (The same worm (tomato worm and corn earworm) (Peas and beans supply likes both plants) nitrogen)Cucumber Beans, peas, celery, lettuce, Cauliflower, potato, basil and any strong aromatic pea, radish, nasturtium, corn herbs (Nasturtium deters cucumber beetles and harbour beneficial spiders and beetles. Corn protects against bacterial wilt virus)Eggplant Beans, capsicum, potato, spinach, peppers (Beans repel Colorado potato beetle which attacks eggplant)kohlrabi Onions, beets, lettuce Strawberries, tomatoes, pole beans (Lettuce repels earth flies)Leek Carrot, celery, onions, strawberry (Carrots deter leek moth. Celery and celeriac like similar high potash growing conditions as leeks)Lettuce Carrots, radishes, strawberry, Beans, beetroot, parsley cucumberMelon Corn, radish PotatoOnion Broccoli, cabbage, carrots, Beans, peas lettuce, strawberry tomato, beets, tomatoes, summer savoryPea Beans, carrot, corn, Onion family
  5. 5. cucumber, radish, turnips, spinach, mint, potatoesPotato Horseradish, beans, corn, Cucumber, tomato, Jerusalem artichokes, pumpkin, cabbage, pea, eggplant squash, sunflower, raspberries (Beans repel Colorado potato (Cucumbers, tomatoes and raspberries attract potato beetle. Horseradish protects phytophthora blight) against potato bugs and stimulates growth)Pumpkin Corn, beans, peas, radish PotatoRadish Lettuce (Repels earth flies)Spinach Strawberry, celery, cauliflower, eggplant, radish (Leafminers prefer radish leaves rather than spinach)Tomato Asparagus, celery, NZ Corn, potato, kohlrabi, fennel, cabbage and other spinach, carrot, parsley, basil, brassicas marigold, garlic (Garlic protects against red spiders)Turnip PeasZucchini Nasturtium, flowering herbs (Flowers attract bees for pollination)Companion Planting Will Maximise Your Veggie CropsWhether you are planting a new garden or replanting one that has been growing for years,attention to companion planting is guaranteed to improve your homegrown crops.Its a simple concept based on the way nature works... naturally. For instance one plants enemy isanother plants food. Some bad bugs have pet hates, so by planting or introducing what they dontlike, you can protect the plants that they would otherwise feed on. And then there are plants that havesomething to offer other plants, be it shade, or some sort of nutrient they put into the soil. You willalso find that some plants provide other plants with specific nourishment.A Fatal Attraction for Bad BugsHere the trick is to plant whatever attracts the nasties. For instance, the tiny black aphids that chomptheir way through young cabbages, broccoli and other veggies provide a feast for nasturtiums. Theseeasy-growing herbs attract the aphids with their sticky juices that effectively end up smothering largenumbers of these damaging mini-bugs.Growing Plants that Deter Bugs
  6. 6. An interesting fact about companion planting is that not all plants like - or dislike - the same bugs.Similarly, while some plants (like carrots) love tomatoes, some plants (like dill and asparagus) loathtomatoes.Some examples of plants that will deter bad bugs include:  pennyroyal that keeps worms and beetles away from strawberries,  asparagus and marigolds both help to protect tomatoes from harmful nematodes in the soil,  lemon verbena that will keep flies, aphids and midges away from all vegetables and fruit trees,  just about any plant that is related to garlic or onions, including chives (in particular garlic will chase off potato bugs).Plants that Have Other Benefits for Companion PlantsProviding shade is a biggie, but you need to be sure that the shade giver actually likes the plant youchoose to be its companion. Sweetcorn is an excellent provider of shade and works well with a lot ofother plants, including pumpkin that will creep around towering corn plants, producing fruit atground level. It can also be a support for some climbing flower plants.Fennel is one of the few plants that most other plants hate! But there are a couple of veggies that likefennel, including gem squash and spring onions (or green onions).There are many more plants that benefit from just about anything. Yarrow is a good example as itattracts ladybirds and wasps that both love to eat aphids. Most plants are fond of yarrow.Picking Plants that Deter BugsJust as we can use leaves and other parts of certain plants to make organic pesticides, or to rid ourenvironment of pests (scented geraniums are great for mosquitoes, freshly crushed tomato and basilleaves will usually get rid of flies, and sprigs of catnip will get rid of ants), there are similar steps wecan take within the garden itself. Here are two possibilities: 1. Dont rake up the leaves from oak trees. Instead use them to create a barrier around garden beds where lettuces are growing and theyll keep the snails and slugs away. 2. If youre a fan of grapefruit, cut them in half and scoop out the fruit, then use the skin "shells" to attract slugs. Simply place them upside down in any part of the garden where slugs are a problem and remove them, together with slug invaders, the next day.Ultimately you need to be aware of which plants do well together, and which dont. Probably one ofthe very best examples of companion planting is illustrated by the relationship between tomatoes andasparagus. They really are best friends because not only will the solanine contained in tomatoesprotect asparagus plants from insect attack, but it also encourages growth in the asparagus.
  7. 7. Intercropping, Polyculture or Relay Cropping in the vegetable GardenIntercropping is in! Whether you call it relay cropping, polyculture, double crop or multiplecropping... it’s a specifc form of companion planting and a fine way to increase the harvest fromyour garden.Bare soil is a no no.Nature... if left to be natural... rarely allows nudity and likes to cover up exposed bits.This stops the soil drying out or being washed away and keeps the soil organisms happy andprotected from the elements.So growing several or multiple crops of different plants in the same area, each allowing for their owngrowth patterns and needs, gives you greater returns and less work.Intercropping/Polyculture BenefitsNo doubt you‘ve heard of monoculture? Possibly you do have an idea... but I still have to say youhave no idea what a short-sighted folly it is follow the vast monoculture practices that we do in theworld today.
  8. 8. Monoculture — Mono means one. One crop, say corn, covering as far as the eye can see in everydirection! Or, one country with every farmer growing the same crop, say potatoes, on large and smallplots.Now can you see the specific corn pest or virus go giddy with excitement? Can you hear the potatopest or potato blight text their mates to come to the party?The same thing can happen in a mini way to your garden if you grow all one sort of plant, or largeblocks of one variety. The opposite of monoculture is polyculture — Poly means many. See howconfused the pests and diseases are now. There are no feasts to encourage them to get a firm footholdand cause problems.Often you can plant a crop of two or more different varieties of the same family, but checking thatthey each have different disease resistance.Intercropping ExamplesLet‘s take a large plant such as a cabbage. Although it starts small it grows a lot chunkier. Same withother brassicas such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts; and same as vines like zucchini or squash.In the meantime and in between — plant speedy crops like radish, rocket or leafy lettuce. By the timethe main plants grow into their surrounding space, you will have harvested and enjoyed a meal ormore of your intercrop plants.Even with rows you can intercrop, or doublecrop as it‘s often called. A common example is to sowslow parsnips with fast radishes together in rows. Parsnip seeds take forever and a day to germinate,but cheeky radishes will pop up, mark the rows for you, and you can crunch your way through themwhich will then leave space for the parsnips to grow.
  9. 9. End of season picture of chilli plant underplanted with vinesIntercropping can be described as undercropping when it comes to ‗vertically challenged‘ plants.Little shorties of the leafy varieties like lettuce which like some sun protection, can be grown in theshade of the tallest plants such as broad beans or corn.The short crop also acts as a living mulch for the roots of the tall plants.The classic “Three Sisters” combination planted by Native Americans is a perfect example ofintercropping or plant combining.The Three Sisters describes three indigenous plants grown together. Corn (maize) with their tallstalks provided support for beans and shade for squash. In turn the squash vines provided a livingmulch to control weeds and protect the roots of the corn and beans. The prickly squash vines deterpests as well.Makeup cropping (I made up that word) means filling up a bare patch, which we know nature abhors,with a makeup crop... usually a gaggle of fast salad plants like radish, lettuce, bok choy etc... that youcan make up a salad with!This takes care of that garden patch where you‘ve eaten the last skerricks of say a winter crop ofcauli and you want to plant some spuds there but it‘s too early; so use the patch for some quick,small plants that you‘ll be finished with in a month or so.Intercropping TipsStuffing your garden to the gunnels is not exactly the idea with polyculture. Cramming too much intoevery spare space can create problems with fungal diseases due to reduced air flow.Also an over-heavy layer of plants increases the need to water more often. It also makes harvestingdifficult.Any time you see that your main crop is being hampered by a second or third crop, take a step backand sort them all out... in fact pull a few plants out and restore some order to the melee. Peace mustreign in your garden for success. No fighting allowed!The Golden rule with intercropping is to use the available planting area to its maximum advantage toget maximum yields without compromising plant health.
  10. 10. Crop Rotation All about Succesion Planting in yourVegetable GardenA key to successful gardening is crop rotation. It’s not the latest dinner party gossip, it’s old hat.So be a smart cookie and do what nature does (there I go about nature again)!Different plants take different nutrients out of the ground soil and add back other elements orenhance the soil in other ways. To prevent your garden from becoming less productive from seasonto season, crops are rotated.Importantly, crop rotation allows you to naturally interrupt the life cycle of pests and deseases sothey cannot become established.Of course, this applies only the to annual plantings, not the perennial plants, such as asparagus.Plant succession happens naturally, whether it be caused by a landslide, flood, or a freshly bulldozedarea. First onto the scarred soil grow the aggressive weeds which hold it together and stop wind andrain from denuding it further.Usually the next invaders lurking under the weed cover are matted rambling plants. They guard theground and may have thorns, as though to warn, ‖Sorry, you can‘t come in here now, but nevermind, have some berries!‖The next succession, under protection from the elements come the fast growing trees, followed bythe re-establishment of the full forest many decades later. It‘s a natural succession, each successionbenefitting from the previous plants.In our gardens we have a less elaborate but more specific plan. As with nature, which will quicklycover soil with plants, what we do is to choose the plants which will bring us the most benefits.Rather that letting weeds spring up, we plant either a fallow or cover crop to tide us over to the nextseason and replace lost nutrients that the previous crop took out, or we plant another useful vegetablecrop that utilises different nutrients and growing conditions than the previous crop.Here’s a story...Mamma Colorado beetle got blown over n over and landed down the street into.. wow, her wildestdelight, an eggplant patch. She laid lots of eggs and the baby larvae chomped on the leaves. Thebabies dropped into the soil to pupate, slept in and suddenly it was spring again. Time to get up, butwhere‘s breakfast? Why has Mum given us spinach? We don‘t like spinach, we want eggplants...waaa... keel over and die...
  11. 11. And of course, if you have the misfortune of getting blight in your spuds, onion worm in youronions, and other flapadoodle dandies dicing your veggies, then you simply must not grow thoseveggies in the same space again for many years.Its better to rotate veggies to prevent any trouble happening in the first place, but you can quicklystop any rogues in their tracks by careful management thereafter.Separate the garden into sections. Anything from 4-8 areas is ideal. They can be part of one bed, orthey can be a group of beds, it doesnt matter. Visualise it, draw it down, mark it out — or do whatyou need to get the picture of how it will work in your garden.Many gardens are higgledy piggledy plots of soil here and there, or odd shapes, so dont worry aboutdoing the perfect diagram.What does matter is that you rotate the crops around the beds systematically. The rule of thumb forcrop rotation is counterclockwise... don‘t ask me why... funny lot we gardeners!The suggestions here will be put in very broad terms. It is impossible to predict every combination ofvegetables that you will want to grow, but the principles are fairly straight forward.Plant RequirementsThere are roughly 3 main classes of plants when talking about their requirements. They are: 1. Heavy feeders: These need lots of fresh rich fertiliser (compost, reasonably aged manure and liquid manure etc ) and can be planted immediately into this fertilised soil. These heavy feeders are all leaf vegetables like head lettuce, spinach, brassicas such as cabbage and cauliflower, chard, endive, as well as celery, leeks, sweet corn and vines particularly cucumbers and squash. Rhubarb is a heavy feeder, but does not need to be rotated because it is a perennial.
  12. 12. Tomatoes, another heavy feeder, are decidedly odd in that they like to grow in the same spot each year and somehow build up resistance to problems. This is handy because you can utilise that nice warm spot by the fence for example, each season... but you must make sure you pile on plenty of fresh compost each year. 2. Soil conserving and improving: Legumes such as peas and beans, and cover crops, often called fallow crops are perfect to follow heavy feeders. These are plants give the soil a bit of a rest, as well as returning some nitrogen and fiber to the soil when they are incorporated into the ground by way of mulch or compost before the next crop. 3. Lighter feeders: They still love that compost, but it must not be fresh otherwise they will grow rank and coarse. So well aged fertiliser suits such plants as all bulb and root crops like carrots, radishes, beets etc. Parsley with its long tap root, and many herbs also fall into this aged compost feeding class.What about the families?Ah yes, like us they can wear each other out! Horticulturally, it‘s because plants from the samefamily tend to have the same nutritional needs and can exhaust the soil of particular elements ifcontinually planted in succession. They can also attract the same problems which can build upalarmingly unless the family members do a recommended split.Out of thousands of plant families, here are the most familiar ones:MonocotsGrasses (Gramineae), like cereals and corn.DicotsMustard Family (Cruciferae). Cold loving plants, such as brassicas like cabbage, kale, bok choy,collards like kohl rabi and turnip, etc. Also radish and cress.Pea Family (Leguminosae). These include peas, of course, and beans plus vetch, lentils and lupins.Carrot Family (Umbelliferae). Lots of long root crops here, like carrots, parsnips, parsley, celeriac,fennel, chervil, and the root herbs.Goosefoot Family (Chenopodiaceae). A mixture here, such as beets, swiss chard and spinach.Nightshade Family (Solanaceae). The well know potato and tomato plants. Also eggplant, chilliesand peppers.Gourd Family (Cucurbitaceae). Warm loving plants such as melons, pumpkins, squashes and othergourds.
  13. 13. Composite Family (Compositae). So called because of their complex composite flowers, theyinclude endive, witlof, sunlfower, Jerusalem and globe artichoke, salsify and some herbs likedandelion, yarrow and chamomile.A few of the many other plant families include the Buckwheat Family (Polygonaceae) which hasrhubarb; the Morning Glory Family (Convolvulaceae) which supplies us with yams, kumara andsweet potatoes; the Mallow Family (Malvaceae) supplying okra; the Carpet Weed Family(Aizoaceae) giving us New Zealand spinach; the Rose Family (Rosaceae) with most fruits andberries including strawberries: and the Mint Family (Labiatae) which include mint, sage, oregano,marjoram, thyme, rosemary, basil, lemon balm, savory, bergamot and many other herbs.Time for a tour of your garden to work all this out... or better still to sit down and write a plan. Itshelpful, especially if you are just starting out, to make notes and keep a record of what you do.It soon becomes natural for you to rotate your plants, making small adjustments to arrive atperfection (you wish!). I recommend you have a look at GrowVegs popular modern method forgarden planning, incorporating crop rotation.Briefly to start, plant like with like. Divide your plants into families because they need broadlysimilar conditions and they generally get along together. The odd exception is usually because ofpests and disease challenges, such as Potatoes and tomatoes, whereby tomatoes attract potato blight.Prepare each area for what it is expected to grow. Leafy heavy feeders like an early and continuousfeast; most root crops like an alkaline soil and hold back on the manure and fresh compost.Tomatoes and eggplants like a more acidic soil, with plenty of feeding and aged manure.Legume crops love well aged compost and a few light feedings to follow. They will leave the soilloaded with nitrogen which sets the bed up perfectly for brassicas and leafy greens to follow.For most home gardeners its nigh impossible to do crop rotation 100%. So be content withsuccession planting on a small scale and for generally watching out for potential hazards. Club rootin brassicas is one that comes to mind — its hard to avoid if you dont rotate those brassicas,especially if you buy in seedlings or accept some from a friend.Sample outline of crop rotationSo a typical sample 4 bed rotation might look like this:Bed 1: Root Crops, onionsBed 2: Legumes (peas, beans), brassicas (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, brussels sprouts)Bed 3: Tomatoes, eggplant, capsicum (peppers)Bed 4: Sweet corn, curcubits (cucumber, melons, pumpkin)A 6 bed rotation might look like this:Bed 1: LegumesBed 2: Brassicas
  14. 14. Bed 3: Root crops, carrots, parsnips, potatoesBed 4: Corn, curcubitsBed 5: Tomatoes, capsicums, eggplantBed 6: Green manure cropDont be too rigid in your classifications if you dont have enough room to make clear demarcations.Just make sure you keep it moving season after season or at least every 2-4 years. Decimating Your Veggie Garden?Has This Happened To You?Youve worked very hard, preparing the soil months in advance so you can nurtureyour seedlings in a beautiful loamy, moist mix, absolutely brimming withnutrients…Youve hand raised your seedlings, lovingly from seed, or purchased nice sturdyones from your local garden centre and gently planted them in rows into their lushnew home.You spend hours mulching, watering, feeding, staking and caring for them with all the love you can muster.And then….. … When you go out there to pick a beautiful tasty bunch of tomatoes for your lunch, you notice theyve got holes in them! Something has beaten you to them Or … Your crisp perfect lettuce leaves are full of holes – theyve been enjoyed by the thriving snail population Or … You discover your corn is not doing so well – its well, just not that healthy looking.What Has Happened To Your Beautiful Veggie Garden? Snails can quickly chomp through your precious veggiesAll your hard work has been in vain!You cant pick these mangled veggies and serve them up to your family!Youve not only wasted your efforts, but also the money youve shelled out for seeds, seedlings, fertiliser, soilconditioner, stakes, etc.You feel frustrated….. even angry!
  15. 15. So What Are Your Options?OPTION 1. Spray them with expensive pest control chemicals which will kill the varmints that have decimated yourcrops. Yep, this will work, BUT, the chemicals will be poisoning you and your family too. Plus chemicals leavepoisonous traces in your soil, drift with the wind and can potentially leach into your waterways and affect yourneighbours, pets, fish and wildlife.OPTION 2. Give up and buy your veggies at the local shop. Sure, this is the easy way, but not very satisfying northe best answer either. Most shops sell hybrid varieties which are bred for long shelf life at the expense of flavour,texture and taste, and who know what chemicals theyve been sprayed with.OPTION 3. Use safe home made pest remedies in conjunction with the age old practice of companion planting torestore your gardens health and the balance of nature.What is Companion Planting?Well, its absolutely fascinating. You see… some plants love each other, and others cant stand each other. A bit likehumans!Join us on our fascinating journey of discovery into the secret social lives of your vegetable garden.You‘ll be amazed at what‘s going on in your garden!By paying attention to the plants that do well together, as well as those that don‘t like one another, you will find thatyou are able to grow a much wider variety of plants in your veggie patch.You will also find that it is a lot easier to control pests and reduce the incidence of disease destroying your beautifulplants.Discover the Secret Socialising Behaviour of PlantsHere‘s just some of the fascinating socializing ―behaviours― or activities that your plants get up to. You can put theseinto place in your garden straight away….  Trap Cropping: How to use specific plants to attract pests away from your crop  Nitrogen Fixing: How to plant special cover crops which put nitrogen into the soil rather than take it out.  Biochemical Pest Suppression: Discover which flowering plant oozes a chemical into the soil to repel nasty pests that attack the roots of your tomatoes, sugar beets and soy beans.  Insectary: How to create habitats or environments to attract beneficial predatory insects that eat the nasty pests which devour your precious garden plants.  Nurse Cropping: Discover which tall plants with thick foliage protect more vulnerable species by shading them or shielding them from the wind.
  16. 16. Find Out Which Plants Love Each OtherSuccessful companion planting relies on good relationships, often between pairs. Usually one plant has the ability todo one thing, while the other offers something else. But sometimes it seems that certain plants simply do well together – like cheerful children who have special playmates. For example, parsley and asparagus generally both thrive when planted together. Most vegetables have a handful of favourites they love to be near. For example carrots love basil, lettuce, onions, peas, rosemary, sage and tomatoes. But did you know that cauliflower only has one favourite? And the sameLeeks and carrots protect each other from specific insect pests with broad beans. They‘re pretty fussy too!Other plants that are generally said to improve the quality of crops in the vegetable garden include elderberry trees(which are really large shrubs), buddleia, privet, golden rod, mustard and wild rose.What About Plants That Hate Each Other?Plant the wrong things next to each other and you‘ll have all sorts of problems!….. For example, forget about tomatoes and corn together. They just don‘t get on.And there‘s one veggie plant you should never grow near any other veggie plant, and a tree which will poisonanything you plant near it. Discover All the Different Ways You Can Control Pests Naturally It is in the realm of pest control that many companion plants excel. Some attract insects that would otherwise attack other plants,and some are attracted to trees and bushes that in turn attract birds that catch flying insects. Sometimes two different plants are able to repel different unwanted insects from each other – so they work in harmony together. See the example at left about how bush beans and potatoes work together.When bush beans are planted with potatoes, they will protectthem from the Colorado potato beetle, one of the most destructivebugs that attack potatoes. This is a mutually beneficial There are also many natural pesticides that you can make at home.relationship, as the potato in turn protects the beans from theMexican bean beetle. These range from soapy mixtures to wonderful brews that are made byboiling a range of very specific plants together. They are easy to make at home – in fact youll probably find youalready have most of the ingredients in your cupboard!You can also buy natural products that will kill pests that attack your veggies, which is what commercial organicfarmers do.
  17. 17. How to Get All the Answers NowNow it‘s easy to get all the answers to companion planting and pest control.Keen gardener Annette Welsford has done all the hard work for you in her book Companion Planting for Veggies.(Annettes other high quality gardening books are best sellers in 85 countries.This wonderful ebook contains everything you’ll ever need to know to integrate companion planting in your veggiegarden.Take a tour of the contents….
  18. 18. Get Companion Planting for Veggies Now A fantastic resource to help you create a garden where your plants grow happily with each other, working in harmony to support each other and keep away harmful pests.This comprehensive beautifully illustrate guide, valued at $29.95 is available now for instant download to your computer. By identifying useful plants that play an active role in improving soil and pest control, you can ensure that you always have a ready supply of companion plants to help you get the most out of your gardening.BOOK:Companion Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsford your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant growth.SoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM)
  19. 19. ~Companion Planting INCREASES Food Production by 250 PercentOne of the goals of research in South Africa is to look at ways to boost food production with thepractice of intercropping (companion planting, or growing crops together) a cereal grain crop, likesorghum, with bean crops. We have been intercropping sorghum with legumes planted in row of zaipits.Why grow beans? Being legumes, bean crops can improve soils by converting nitrogen from the airinto forms that crops can use.The crops we are working with are quite tolerant of dry conditions and produce vines that cover theground, protect6ing it from the intense tropical sun and creating an environments in which soilmicroorganisms, can thrive.Moreover, the legumes provide the farmer with a harvest of dried, edible beans.What are zai holes? The zai system originated in West Africa as a way to cope with drought and hardencrusted soil. Drought tolerant grain crops such as sorghum or millet are planted in pits about 12inches, 6 inches deep.With the excavated soil thrown to the downhill side, the pits act as tiny water catchment basins,making maximum use of what little rainfall is received. Several handfuls of manure are traditionallyplaced in each pit, concentrating nutrients near the crop roots.Have we seen any benefits? The results we have so far are from year one of a sorghum-legumesintercropping strategy within the zai system. Most of the legumes we have tried have grown verywell, but cowpea produced the most dried beans.It increases total grain production by 1,000 kilograms (250%) from 400 kilograms per hectarewhen grown sorghum alone to about 1,400 kilograms per hectare when grown together withcowpeas.It also increased soil nitrogen as well as nitrogen taken up by the sorghum plants.All of this is very encouraging from the perspective of the smallholder farmer, because it means theyhave a way to improve their soils while greatly increasing food production.
  20. 20. ~NATURAL SOLUTIONS in Africa by Using Companion PlantingAcross East Africa, thousands of farmers are planting weeds in their maize fields (CompanionPlanting). Bizarre as it sounds, their technique is actually raising yields by giving the insect pestssomething else to chew on besides maize.It is better than pesticides and a lot cheaper, said Ziadin Khan, whose idea it is.And it has raised farm yields by 60-70 Percents.In East Africa, maize fields face two major pests, and Khan has a solution to both. The first is aninsect called the stem borer. True to its name, it s larvae eat their way through a third of the regionsmaize most years.But Khan discovered that the borer in even fonder of a local weed, napier grass. By planting napiergrass in their fields , farmers can lure the stem borers away from the maize and into a honey trap. Forthe grass produces a sticky substance that traps and kills stem borer larvae.The second major pest is Striga, a parasitic plant that wrecks 10 billion dollars worth damage onmaize crops every year, threating the livelihoods of one hundred million Africans.Weeding Striga is one of the most time consuming activities for millions of African women farmers,says Khan.But he has an antidote: another weed, called Desmodium. It seems to release some sort of chemicalthat Striga does not like. At any rate, where farmers plant Desmodium between rows of maize, Strigawill not grow.Khans cheap fixes for Striga and stem borer are spreading like wildfire through the fields of EastAfrica.Trials on more than 2,000 farms are finished. It is out of our hands now, says Khans boss HansHerren , who is the director of the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology in Nairobi.The ideas are being taken up by framers in countries such as Ethiopia where we have never worked.Khans novel way of fighting pests is one of the host of Low-Tech Innovations boostingproduction by 100 percent or more on millions of poor Thirds World farms in the pastdecade.This Sustainable Agriculture just happens to be the biggest movement in Third World Farmingtoday, dwarfing the tentative forays in genetic manipulation. It seems peasant farmers have a longway to go before they exhaust the possibilities of traditional agriculture
  21. 21. ~COMPANION PLANTING BOOKS(Intercropping Gardening, Mixed Vegetables Gardening, Polycultures Gardening):Carrots Love Tomatoes and Roses Love Garlic: Secrets of Companion Planting for SuccessfulGardening; by Louise Riotte booksprice.comA-Z of Companion Planting; by Pamela Allardice booksprice.comA Crash Course on Companion Planting; by Ralph Cummings~ Nook book yahoo.comBobs Basics Companion Planting; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comBiological Pest Control, including: Bird, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Predation, Companion Planting,Disease Resistance In Fruit And Vegetables, Biocide, Parasitoid, Pyrethrum, Beetle Bank, Scoliidae,Pyrethrin, Fire Ant, Integrated Pest Management, Tansy; by Hephaestus Books Gardening in New Zealand: Working with Mother Nature; by Judith Collins Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardener
  22. 22. ~Companion Planting; by Margaret Roberts Planting; by Richard Bird booksprice.comCompanion Planting and Intensive Cultivation; by Nancy Lee Maffia booksprice.comCompanion Planting Boost Your Gardens Health, Secure It From Pests And Grow More Vegetables ;by Ephraim Acre Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Australian Gardens; by Kelly Morris Planting For Beginners; by Wendi Eaton~ Kindle book yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Successful Gardening; by Louise Riotte Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsford Planting Guide; by Julie Villani
  23. 23. ~Companion Planting In Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Little booksprice.comCompanion Planting Made Easy; by Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompanion Planting: Successful Gardening the Organic Way; by Gertrud Franck booksprice.comCompanion Plants and How to Use Them: A Guide to Planting the Right Plants to Ward off PlantDiseases; by Helen Louise Porter Philbrick booksprice.comComplete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comGarden Companion to Native Plants. Selecting, Planting and Caring for over 400 Australian NativePlants; by Allan Seale
  24. 24. ~Good Companions: A Guide to Gardening with Plants that Help Each Other; by Bob Flowerdew booksprice.comGood Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carr booksprice.comGreat Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free VegetableGarden; by Sally Jean Cunningham booksprice.comGrowing Together: the A to Z of Companion Planting; by Susan Tomnay booksprice.comHow to Grow World Record Tomatoes: a Guinness World Record Holder, Reveals HisAll-Organic Secrets. His organic methods work with other crops; by Charles Wilber booksprice.comIntercropping: A Step Towards Sustainability; by Haseeb ur Rehman Frenchs Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand; by Jackie French
  25. 25. ~List of Companion Plants; by Frederic P Millerhttp://www.alibris.com Garden Companion: A Complete Guide for the Beginner, With a Special Emphasis on UsefulPlants and Intensive Planting in the Wayside, Dooryard, Patio, Rooftop, and Vacant Lot ; by JamieJobb booksprice.comOrganic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books, DVDs, Newsletter and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal Herbs; by Rosemary Gladstar booksprice.comPrimer of Companion Planting: Herbs and Their Part in Good Gardening ; by Richard B. Gregg booksprice.comPrinciples and Practice of Plant Conservation; by David R. Given booksprice.comRodales Successful Organic Gardening: Companion Planting; by Susan McClure
  26. 26. ~Sharing the Harvest: A Citizens Guide to Community Supported Agriculture; by Elizabeth of Companion Planting: Plants That Help, Plants That Hurt; by Brenda Little booksprice.comSoil Mates: Companion Plants for Your Vegetable Garden; by Sara Alway booksprice.comSouth African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoff Gardening, including: Raised Bed Gardening, Energy-efficient Landscaping,Permaculture, Masanobu Fukuoka, Companion Planting, Biological Pest Control, Leaf Mold, SpentMushroom Compost, Green Roof, Agroecology, Wildlife Garden, Mulch; by Hephaestus Books The Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of Californias NaturalResources; by M. Kat Anderson booksprice.comThe A-Z of Companion Planting; by Jayne Neville
  27. 27. ~The Best Gardening Ideas I Know: Foolproof way to start any seed, Compost piles that work,Practical companion planting, More vegetables in less space, Succession planting chart, Naturalweed controls, Mulching with weeds, Midsummer feeding; by Robert Rodale booksprice.comClimate Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms ; by Eric Lichtfouse And The Scientific Basis Of Traditional Agriculture; by Donald Quayle Innis Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With MoreThan 50 Herbs; by Emma Callery booksprice.comThe Complete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayer booksprice.comThe Cook and the Gardener: A Year of Recipes and Writings for the French Countryside; by AmandaHesser
  28. 28. ~The Ecology of Intercropping; by John H. Vandermeer booksprice.comThe Huge Book of Organic Gardening and Companion Planting; by Billie Rex Natural Garden: A New Zealanders Guide to Companion Gardening, Natural Pest Control andSoil Health; by Michael Crooks Backyard Herb Garden: A Gardeners Guide to Growing Over 50 Herbs Plus How to Use Themin Cooking, Crafts, Companion Planting and More; by Miranda Smith booksprice.comSWAP your Books with Other People
  29. 29. ~ORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENT your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dust Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.Compost Tea Making: For Organic Healthier Vegetables, Flowers, Orchards, Vineyards, Lawns; byMarc Worm Tea Primer: how to make and use worm tea for a vibrant organic garden; by CassandraTruax~ Kindle book yahoo.comhttp://vermico.comSoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM) Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism
  30. 30. ~ORGANIC GARDENING and Eco Gardening~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy PeopleAdvanced Aeroponics; by Chad Peterson~ Kindle book yahoo.com20 Best Small Gardens: Innovative Designs for every Site and Situation ; by Tim Newbury booksprice.com101 Ideas for Veg from Small Spaces: Delicious Crops from Tiny Plots; by Jane Moore booksprice.com101 Organic Gardening Tips; by Sheri Ann Richerson Kindle book yahoo.com300 of the Most Asked Questions About Organic Gardening; by Charles Gerras; Rodale OrganicGardening Magazine booksprice.com365 Down-To-Earth Gardening Hints and Tips; by Susan McClure,001 Old-Time Garden Tips: Timeless Bits of Wisdom on How to Grow Everything Organically,from the Good Old Days When Everyone Did; by Roger Yepsen
  31. 31. ~A Beginners Guide to Organic Vegetable Gardening: Introduction to Composting, Worm Farming,No Dig Raised and Wicking Gardens Plus More; by Mel Jeffreys Kindle book yahoo.comA Brief Guide to Organic Gardening; by Irish Seed Savers Associationhttp://www.irishseedsavers.ie Childs Organic Garden: Grow Your Own Delicious Nutritious Foods, Australia; by Lee Fryer booksprice.comA Guide to Organic Gardening in Australia; by Michael J. Roads Patch of Eden: Americas Inner-City Gardeners; by H. Patricia Hynes booksprice.comA Treatise on the Management of Peach and Nectarine Trees: Either in Forcing-Houses, or on Hotand Common Walls. Containing an Effectual and Easy Process for Preventing Them from BeingInfected with Any Species of Insects; by Thomas Kyle Year on the Garden Path: A 52-Week Organic Gardening Guide; by Carolyn Herriot
  32. 32. ~Adobe and Rammed Earth Buildings: Design and Construction; by Paul G. McHenry booksprice.comAdvanced Organic Gardening (Rodales Grow-It Guides); by Anna Carr booksprice.comAdvancing Biological Farming: Practicing Mineralized, Balanced Agriculture to Improve Soils andCrops; by Gary F. Zimmer in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba; by Maria Caridad Cruz booksprice.comAgricultural Options of the Poor: A Handbook for Those Who Serve Them; by Timothy N. Motts Best Gardening Secrets; by the Editors of Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comAllergy-Free Gardening: The Revolutionary Guide to Healthy Landscaping; by Thomas Leo Ogren
  33. 33. ~Allotment Gardening: An Organic Guide For Beginners; by Susan Berger, the Organic Centre, Ireland Kindle book yahoo.comAlternatives to Peat; by Pauline Pears to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions; by Laura S. Meitzner booksprice.comAn Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganism booksprice.comAny Size, Anywhere Edible Gardening: The No Yard, No Time, No Problem Way to Grow YourOwn Food; by William Moss Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAnything Grows: Ingenious Ways To Grow More Food In Front Yards, Backyards, Side Yards, InThe Suburbs, In The City, On Rooftops, Even Parking Lots; by Sheryl London
  34. 34. ~Apartment Gardening: Plants, Projects, and Recipes for Growing Food in Your Urban Home; byAmy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAquaponic Gardening: A Step-By-Step Guide to Raising Vegetables; by Sylvia Bernstein Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAsphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation; by Sharon Gamson Danks booksprice.comAttracting Native Pollinators: The Xerces Society Guide Protecting North Americas Bees andButterflies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comAustralia and New Zealand Guide to Compost Gardening: A Guide to Gardening Without Digging:by David Hornblow booksprice.comBackyard Farming: Growing Your Own Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in a Small Space; by LeeFoster booksprice.comBack to Eden; by Jethro Kloss - he was curing cancer in the Kindle book ~ Nook book
  35. 35. ~Backyard Organic Gardening in Australia; by Brenda Little booksprice.comBackyard Bounty: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Organic Gardening in the Pacific Northwest;by Linda A Gilkeson Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comBalcony Gardening : Growing Herbs and Vegetables in a Small Urban Space; by Jeff Haase Kindle book yahoo.comBasic Book of Cloche and Frame Gardening; by W E Shewell-Cooper Book of Natural Gardening; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper booksprice.comBasic Vegetable Gardening: Small-Scale Vegetable Production in Tropical Climates; by E.D. Adams Ideas for Organic Vegetable Growing; by Glenn F. Johns
  36. 36. ~Best Methods for Growing Fruits and Berries; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comBetter Vegetable Gardens the Chinese Way: Peter Chans Raised-Bed System; by Peter Chan Plants for American Gardens; by Eleanor Anthony King booksprice.comBig Ideas for Northwest Small Gardens; by Marty Wingate booksprice.comBiodynamics for the Home Garden, New Zealand; by Peter Proctor booksprice.comBiofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture; by Arun K. Sharma Transmutations; by C. Louis Kervran booksprice.comBioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm; by Darrell Kindle book ~ Nook book
  37. 37. ~Botanicas Organic Gardening: The Healthy Way to Live and Grow; by Judyth McLeond. booksprice.comBreaking Through Concrete: Building an Urban Farm Revival; by David Hanson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding and Using Cold Frames; by Charles Siegchrist Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comBuilding Soils Naturally: Innovative Methods for Organic Gardeners; by Phil Nauta With Cob: A Step-by-step Guide; by Adam Weismann Kindle book bookfinder.comBush-Fruits: A Horticultural Monograph of Raspberries, Blackberries, Dewberries, Currants,Gooseberries, and Other Shrub-Like Fruits; by Fred W. Card Nook book yahoo.comCharles Dowdings Vegetable Course; by Charles Dowding
  38. 38. ~Chicos Organic Gardening and Natural Living; by Frank Bucaro booksprice.comCity Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America; by Laura J. Lawson booksprice.comCity Peoples Book of Raising Food; by Helga Olkowski booksprice.comCity Permaculture, Volume 1: Sustainable Living in Small Spaces; by Earth Garden Publication Permaculture, Volume 2; by Earth Garden Publication Soil Gardening - Australasian Edition; by Michael Carr~ Kindle book yahoo.comCold-Climate Gardening; by Lewis Hill booksprice.comComfrey: Fodder, Food and Remedy, United Kingdom; by Lawrence Donegan Hills
  39. 39. ~Comfrey Report: The Story of the Worlds Fastest Protein Builder and Herbal Healer; by Lawrence D.Hills booksprice.comCommonsense Gardening in Australia: Organic Growing for All Gardeners ; by Panorama Books booksprice.comCommon Sense Organic Gardening; by Warner Fremont Bower Gardening, New Zealand; by Stephen Trinder Organic Gardening: A Comprehensive Guide to Better Gardening and Increased SelfSufficiency; by Jonathan Sturm booksprice.comCompost and Mulch Gardening; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comCompost Gardening: A New Time-Saving System for More Flavorful Vegetables, Bountiful Blooms,and the Richest Soil Youve Ever Seen; by by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  40. 40. ~Compost, Vermicompost, and Compost Tea; by Grace Gershuny Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comComposting: The Ultimate Organic Guide to Recycling Your Garden, Australia; by Tim Marshall booksprice.comComposting for Manure Management; by The Staff of BioCycle Inside And Out: The Comprehensive Guide To Reusing Trash, Saving Money AndEnjoying The Benefits Of Organic Gardening; by Stephanie Davies Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCountry Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need To Know to Live Off the Land; by StoreyPublishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comContour Farming with Living Barriers; by World Neighbors to Organic Farming; by Nicolas Lampkin
  41. 41. ~Converting to Organic Farming; by David Younie to Organic Farming; by Hartmut Vogtmann Sustainable Gardening for the Twenty-First Century, New Zealand; by Diana Anthony Vegetable Gardening; by Joy Larkcom booksprice.comCrop Rotation and Cover Cropping: Soil Resiliency and Health on the Organic Farm; by Seth Kroeck Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comCultivating Community: Principles and Practices for Community Gardening as a Community-Building Tool; by Karen Payne booksprice.comDesert Gardening for Beginners: How to Grow Vegetables, Flowers and Herbs in an Arid Climate; byCathy Cromell
  42. 42. ~Desert Gardening: Fruits and Vegetables; by George Brookbank booksprice.comDesert Harvest: A Guide to Vegetable Gardening in Arid Lands; by Jane Nyhuis booksprice.comDigging Deeper: Integrating Youth Gardens into Schools and Communities, A ComprehensiveGuide; by Joseph Kiefer booksprice.comDont Throw It, Grow It: 68 Windowsill Plants From Kitchen Scraps; by Millicent Selsam Kindle book ~ Nook book booksprice.comDown to Earth: The Absolute Beginners Guide to Growing Organic Vegetables, New Zealand; byDavid Prosser booksprice.comDr. Shewell-Coopers Basic Book of Fruit Growing, United Kingdom; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooper
  43. 43. ~Drip Irrigation for Every Landscape and All Climates: Helping Your Garden Flourish, WhileConserving Water; by Robert Kourik booksprice.comEarthbag Building: The Tools, Tricks and Techniques; by Kaki Hunter Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEasy Garden Projects to Make, Build, and Grow: 200 Do-It-Yourself Ideas to Help You Grow YourBest Garden Ever, by Barbara Pleasant booksprice.comEasy Organic Gardening and Moon Planting; Lyn Bagnall Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEat More Dirt: Diverting and Instructive Tips for Growing and Tending an Organic Garden; by EllenSandbeck booksprice.comEat the Weeds; by Ben Charles Harris
  44. 44. ~Eat Your Garden: Organic Gardening for Home and Schools; Leonie Shanahan Appropriate Technologies Book; by ECHOhttp://www.echobooks.orgEco-Farm, An Acres U.S.A. Primer: The definitive guide to managing farm and ranch soil fertility,crops, fertilizers, weeds and insects while avoiding dangerous chemicals; by Jr. Charles Gardening: Your Path to a Healthy Garden; by Marjorie Harris Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flower Garden; by Rosalind Creasy Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comEdible Flowers Hydroponic Kit; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comEdible Forest Gardens; by Dave Jacke Nook book yahoo.comEdible Landscaping in the Desert Southwest: Wheelbarrow to Plate; by Catherine Crowley Nook book
  45. 45. ~Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening; by Pauline Pears, UK Garden Organic, Henry DoubledayResearch Assoc. booksprice.comEnhanced Composting for Cold-Climate Biodegradation of Organic Contaminated in Soil; by JamesD. Berg booksprice.comEssiac: A Native Herbal Cancer Remedy; by Cynthia B. Olsen Kindle book booksprice.comExtreme Gardening: How To Grow Organic In The Hostile Deserts; by David Owens Kindle book booksprice.comFall and Winter Gardening: 25 Organic Vegetables to Plant and Grow for Late Season Food; by R.J.Ruppenthal Kindle book yahoo.comFall and Winter Vegetable Gardening in the Pacific Northwest; by Oregon State University City: The Education of an Urban Farmer; by Novella Kindle book ~ Nook book
  46. 46. ~Farmers of Forty Centuries: Organic Farming in China, Korea, and Japan; by F. H. King Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFarming Gods Way, Trainers Reference Guide; by Grant W. Drydenhttp://www.echobooks.org Me Right: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy booksprice.comFeed Me Right Teachers Resource: Nutritional Know-How and Body Science; by Dee Pigneguy without Fertilizers: A Basic Approach to Organic Garden; by Lawrence D. Hills booksprice.comFletcher Sims Compost; by Charles Walters booksprice.comFood, Not Lawns: How to Turn Your Yard into a Garden And Your Neighborhood into aCommunity; by Heather Coburn Flores Kindle book ~ Nook book
  47. 47. ~Food From Dryland Gardens: An Ecological, Nutritional, and Social Approach to Small-ScaleHousehold Food Production; by David Arthur Cleveland booksprice.comFood Growing without Poisons; by Meta Strandberg booksprice.comFoods Jesus Ate and How to Grow Them; by Allan A. Swenson Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFour-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long; by Eliot Coleman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Food from Small Gardens, United Kingdom; by Brian George Furner Food from Small Spaces; by R.J. Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFresh Start Kit for Simple Hydroponics; by Institue of Simplified yahoo.comFruit and Vegetables for Scotland: What to Grow and How to Grow It; by Kenneth Cox
  48. 48. ~Fruits and Vegetables Under Glass; Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Figs, Grapes, Melons, Peaches andNectarines, Pears, Pineapples, Plums, Strawberries; by William Turner Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comFruit for Australian Gardens: A Practical Guide to Growing Fruit at Home, Organic MethodsIncluded; by Paul Baxter booksprice.comFruits of Warm Climates; by Julia Frances Morton booksprice.comFruit Trees in Small Spaces: Abundant Harvests from Your Own Backyard ; by Colby Eierman Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGaias Garden: A Guide To Home-Scale Permaculture; by Toby Hemenway Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGarden Anywhere: How to Grow Gorgeous Container Gardens, Herb Gardens, Kitchen Gardens; byAlys Fowler
  49. 49. ~Garden My Heart: Organic Strategies for Backyard Sustainability; by Cecil Bothwell Kindle book yahoo.comGarden Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need to Know to Plant, Grow, and Harvest; byEditors of Rodale Books booksprice.comGardening Answers (Storey Country Wisdom Bulletin, Vol. A-49); by Storey Publishing Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening by the Foot: Mini Grow-Boxes for Maxi Yields; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGardening Down-Under: A Guide to Healthier Soils and Plants; by Kevin Handreck booksprice.comGardening for Health and Nutrition; by John Philbrick Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening for Planet Earth, New Zealand; by Dee Pigneguy
  50. 50. ~Gardening for the Faint of Heart; by Robin Wheeler, Canadian Organic Growers booksprice.comGardening in Clay Soil; by Sara Pitzer Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening Naturally: Getting The Most from Your Organic Garden, Australia; by Ann Reilly booksprice.comGardening the Organic Way: A Central Minnesota Truck Gardener Offers Ideas and Observations ; byDavid J. Schonberg Under Cover: A Northwest Guide to Solar Greenhouses, Cold Frames, and Cloches; byWilliam Head booksprice.comGardening When It Counts: Growing Food in Hard Times; by Steve Solomon Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGardening with Cloches, United Kingdom; by Louis N Flawn
  51. 51. ~Gardening with Earthworms: A Manual for New Zealanders; by John Stemmer with Green Manures; by Pauline M. Pears With SPROUTS: A How-to Guide to Understanding Organic Gardening and Design; byDaniel A Atlas without Peat: The Friends of the Earth Guide to Peat Alternatives ; by Graham Howell Without Chemicals: Grow Untreated Natural Vegetables And Fresh Garden Produce AllYear Round In Your Own Organic Garden Using These Homemade Recipes For Organic FertilizerAnd Natural Pesticides; by Henry Q. Wilson~ Nook book yahoo.comGardener to Gardener: 1,001 Greatest Gardening Tips Ever, the Best Hints and Techniques from thePages of Organic Magazine booksprice.comGaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World; by Alan Weisman Kindle book ~ Nook book
  52. 52. ~Getting the Most from Your Garden: Using Advanced Intensive Gardening Techniques; by DanWallace, Rodale Organic Gardening Magazine booksprice.comGetting Started in Permaculture: 50 Practical Projects to Build and Design Productive Gardens ; byRoss Mars Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGolden Gate Gardening: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Food Gardening in the San FranciscoBay Area and Coastal California; by Pam Peirce Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.comGreat Garden Gadgets: Make-It-Yourself Gizmos and Projects; by Fern Marshall Bradley booksprice.comGreen Harvest: A History of Organic Farming and Gardening in Australia; by Rebecca Jones, Cloches and Frames; by Peter McHoy Gardeners Companion; by Shane Smith Kindle book ~ Nook book
  53. 53. ~Greening of the Revolution: Cubas Experiment with Organic Agriculture; by Peter Rossett booksprice.comGrow Anything Anywhere with the Garden Doctor; by Jacob R. Mittleider booksprice.comGrow Fruit Naturally: A Hands-On Guide to Luscious, Homegrown Fruit; by Lee Reich booksprice.comGrow Great Grub: Organic Food from Small Spaces; by Gayla Trail booksprice.comGrow It, Eat it: Simple Gardening Projects and Delicious Recipes; by Royal Horticultural Society booksprice.comGrow Organic: Fruit and Vegetables Fresh from Your Garden; by Nick Hamilton booksprice.comGrow Organic: A Simple Guide to Nova Scotia Vegetable Gardening; by Elizabeth Peirce