Permaculture Guilding and Companion Planting - Upisf

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Permaculture Guilding and Companion Planting - Upisf

  1. 1. Guilds and Companion PlantingAdvantages of companion planting:  Flavor enhancement: some plants, especially herbs, seem to subtly change the flavor of other plants around them. Such as Basil is known to enhance the flavor of tomatoes.  Hedged investment: multiple plants in the same space increase the odds of some yield being given, even if one category encounters catastrophic issues  Level interaction: plants which grow on different levels in the same space, perhaps providing ground cover or working as a trellis for another plant  Nitrogen fixation: plants which fix nitrogen in the ground, making it available to other plants  Pest suppression: plants which repel insects, plants, or other pests like nematodes or fungi, through chemical means  Positive hosting: attracts or is inhabited by insects or other organisms which benefit plants, as with ladybugs or some “good nematodes”  Protective shelter: one plant type of plant may serve as a wind break, or shade from noonday sun, for anotherPermaculture Guilding:  Each of the elements of a guild is performing functions  Each element performs multiple functions  Each function is supported by multiple elements  More diverse, more resilient, more effective designPlant Good Neighbors Bad Neighbors Miscellaneous NotesAsparagus Tomatoes, parsley, basil A substance called asparagin in asparagus repels certain tomato pests. * Alliums Stunt GrowthBroad Beans Broccoli. Brussel Sprouts, Fennel * Alliums Stunt Growth in Cabbage, Garlic some varieties Cauliflower, Corn, Lettuce, Onions Lovage Marjoram, Potatoes,Spinach Summer Savory - Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. Discourages cabbage moths.Bush Beans Sunflowers (beans like partial Onions Sunflowers attract birds keep shade; sunflowers attract birds this in mind if you have a and bees), cucumbers , crop such as berries that potatoes, corn, celery, Plant birds savor. Sunflowers also Summer savory with beans attract Aphids and onions to improve growth and flavor. Discourages cabbage moths.Beets Onions, kohlrabi Tomatoes Beets are good for adding minerals to the soil. The leaves are composed of 25%
  2. 2. magnesium. Pole beans are said to stunt growth of beetsBrassicas Potatoes, celery, dill, Rue, Strawberry Aromatic plants deter(Cabbage, chamomile, sage, thyme, mint, cabbage worms Interplantcauliflower, pennyroyal, rosemary, lavender, Thyme w. Brassicas as itkale, kohlrabi, beets, onions Chamomile - repels cabbagebroccoli) Improves flavor of cabbages and onions. wormClover interplantd with cabbage has been shown to reduce the native cabbage aphid and cabbageworm populations by interfering with the colonization of the pests and increasing the number of predator ground beetles Plant Chamomile with cabbage and onions. Improves growth and flavorCarrots Peas, lettuce, chives, onions, Pole beans, strawberries, Dill * Dill stunts growth Sage can leeks, rosemary, sage, be planted with cabbage, tomatoes, Bush beans, carrots, strawberries and Brussels sprouts, cabbage, tomatoes onions, peppers, red radishes. to enhance their growth.Celery Leeks,Tomatoes, bush Parsnip, Potatoes, Wheat beans, cauliflower, cabbageCorn Potatoes, peas, beans, Sweet corn in a heavy feeder cucumbers, pumpkin, squash, that takes nitrogen and other Planting sunflowers with corn nutrients from the soil. Plant is said by some to increase the some climbing beans at the yield base of each corn stalk. The stalk will support the beans, while the climbing beans’ roots will fix nitrogen from the air into the soil where its needed most.Cucumbers Sunflowers, Beans, Corn, Potato, Any Aromatic Herbs English Pea, Sunflowers, Radish ,Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Corn, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Radish, Marigold, Nasturtium, SavoryEggplant Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Fennel SpinachGooseberry Tansy, TomatoesHorseradish Potatoes (deters potato Plant in potato patch to keep beetles); around plum trees to away potato bugs. discourage curculiosLeek Onions, celery, carrotsLettuce Carrots and radishes (lettuce, Parsley carrots, and radishes make a good salad also) , strawberries, cucumbersOnion Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Peas. Do not plant onions or other Celery, Cucumber, Lettuce, members of the
  3. 3. Pepper, Squash, Strawberries, Amaryllidaceae family in Tomato the same soil for more than one season.. Rotate the crops to various sections of your garden space from season to season. Plant Chamomile with cabbage and onions. Improves growth and flavorPeas Squash (when squash follows Garlic, Gladiolis, Onions, * Alliums Stunt Growth peas up trellis) ShallotsPotato *Horseradish, beans, corn, Apple, Celery, Cherry, *Horseradish deters potato cabbage, marigold, limas, Cucumber, Pumpkin, bugs Raspberry Rosemary, Sunflower, TomatoPepper [Hot] Lovage, Marjoram, Parsnip, Chili peppers have root exudates that cucumbers, eggplant, escarole, tomato, prevent root rot and other Fusarium okra, Swiss chard and squash. Herbs to diseases. Plant anywhere you have plant near them include: basils, these problems. Teas made from hot oregano, parsley and rosemary peppers can be useful as insect sprays.Pepper tomatoes, parsley, onions,basil, fennel ,kohlrabi., apricot and[Sweet] and carrots. related fruit treesPumpkin Corn PotatoRadish Peas, nasturtium, lettuce, Hyssop Planting an early row of radishes may cucumbers; a general aid in lure flea beetles away from repelling insects susceptible plantsRaspberry Marigold, Rue, Tansy Potatoes Should not follow: eggplant, tomatoes, potatoes, or peppers and other raspberry varieties in the crop rotation. These crops are susceptible to verticillium wilt, to which most raspberries are susceptibleShallots Lovage, Marjoram Beans, peasSoybeans Grows with anything, helps everythingSpinach StrawberriesSquash Nasturtium, cornStrawberries Bush beans, spinach, borage, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Do not plant strawberries lettuce Cabbage where tomatoes, potatoes, Cauliflower, Gladiolis peppers or eggplant have been grown in the past four years, because these crops carry the root rot fungus Verticillium which also attacks strawberries Sage can be planted with cabbage, carrots, strawberries and tomatoes to enhance their growth.Tomato Chives, onion, parsley, Plant tomatoes away from Don’t plant tomatoes near nut asparagus, marigold, corn, potatoes, peppers, trees the roots of many of nasturtium, carrot, limas eggplant, fennell and kohlrabi these trees secrete a as they have too many pests in phytotoxin that is toxic to
  4. 4. common. tomatoes ..Walnuts for instance, will kill almost anything within reach of their roots. Sage can be planted with cabbage, carrots, strawberries and tomatoes to enhance their growth.Turnip Peas MustardHerbs/Spice Plants/Misc. See also Herbal Control of InsectsAnise Coriander WormwoodBasil Tomatoes ,Apricot, Rue Basil is said to repel tomato Asparagus, Cucumber, Fennel worm , flies and mosquitoes and to enhance the flavor of tomatoes as well as other plants.Borage Tomatoes ,squash, Borage attracts bees, deters strawberries tomato wormCatnip Plant in borders; protects against flea beetlesCeleriac Beans, Pole Beans, Broccoli,(Celery root) Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Lovage Marjoram, Pea, TomatoChamomile Cabbage, onionsChervil Radishes (improves growth and flavor)Chives Carrots; Improves growth and flavor of carrots and tomatoes . Plant chives around base of fruit trees to discourage insects from climbing trunkDill Cabbage (improves growth and health), carrotsFennel Most plants are supposed to dislike it.Flax Carrots, potatoesGarlic Roses ,Raspberries (deters Plant garlic around everything Accumulates sulfur: a Japanese beetle) but beans. naturally occurring fungicide which will help in the garden with disease prevention. Garlic discourages Aphids, Flea beetle, Japanese beetle, and spider mites as well as vampires and members of the opposite sex.Hyssop Cabbage, Grape Vine, Roses Cucumber, radish TomatoLovage Plant here and there in garden.Marjoram Plant here and there in garden.Mint Cabbage family, tomatoes Chamomile Deters cabbage moth
  5. 5. Mole plant Deters moles and mice if planted here and there throughout gardenNasturtium Tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers; plant under fruit trees; deters aphids and pests of CucumbersParsley Tomato, AsparagusPeppermint Repels white cabbage moths, aphids and flea beetles. It is the menthol content in mints that acts as an insect repellantPigweed Brings nutrients to topsoil; beneficial growing with potatoes, onions, and corn; keep well thinnedRosemary Carrots, beans, cabbage, sage; deters cabbage moth, bean beetles, and carrot flySage Rosemary, carrots, cabbage, peas, beans; deters some insectsSouthernwood Cabbage; plant here and there in gardenSummer Beans, onions; deters beansavory beetlesTansy Plant under fruit trees; deters * Tansy is TOXIC to pets & pests of roses and raspberries; Livestock deters flying insects, also Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, antsTarragon Good throughout gardenThyme Cabbage deters cabbage wormValerian Good anywhere in gardenWormwood As a border, keeps animals from gardenYarrow Plant along borders, near Host plant for ladybugs, paths, near aromatic herbs; predatory wasps enhances essential oil production of herbsFlowers/ OrnamentalsFoxglove Apple, Potatoes,TomatoMarigolds Marigolds are ideal Marigolds reduce the companions through out the number of nematodes in soil garden, as they’re reputed to ,If you are using beneficial attract hoverflies, which prey nematodes they will be on aphids, as well as reduce affected as well. the number of nematodes in the soilPetunia Protects beans; beneficial throughout garden
  6. 6. Rue Roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetle; keep it away from basilRoses Marigolds Hyssop, Lavender, Lemon Balm, Nasturtiums, Parsley, Rue, Sage, Tansy, ThymeSunflower Cucumbers * Sunflower attracts aphids and other harmful insects, so although it may be a good companion in some instances, it is best kept at a distance from most vegetables, or used as a trap crop.Wallflower AppleSan Francisco Perennial Vegetables Resource SheetThe intent of this document it to list low/no maintenance, drought tolerant, fog tolerant, perennial (preferred) or re-seeding annual edibles and otherwise useful (fuel, fiber, medicinal) crops that could be propagated and prolificallyplanted in San Francisco (in backyards, front yards, empty lots, park plots, community gardens, in some cases,rooftops). This list is intended to focus on plants that would work in all areas of San Francisco, including fog-inundated west-side (exceptions noted). It is assumed that the value of this list could be enhanced significantly by thefollowing:  adding more support plants (e.g., nitrogen fixers, esp. perennial legume shrubs and trees)  inventorying existing backyard/park successes (SF Permaculture Guild has Joomla website to do this – http://www.permaculture-sf.org)  identifying successful companion strategies and polyculture opportunities (including animals)  identifying additional natives with simple/readily applicable edible uses  listing medicinals (the list as of now has few medicinals)  adding additional fowl forage plants (e.g., duck feed, chicken feed plants that require little/no processing)  identifying simple and tasty recipes that anyone can use to easily prepare tasty meals  NOT included on this sheet: Cane berries, many other berries, fruit/nut trees, many fruiting vines, perennial herbs 1. Brassica oleracea var. acephala – Tree Collards (also Palm Tree Cabbage and var. ramosa Thousand Headed Kale) 2. Reichardia picroides – French Scorzonera 3. Phaseolus coccineus – Scarlet Runner Beans 4. Oxalis tuberosa - Oca 5. Rumex acetosa - French Sorrel 6. Beta vulgaris – Perpetual Spinach 7. Allium cepa aggregatum - Potato Onions 8. Scorzonera hispanica 9. Brassica oleracea Italica group – Nine Star Broccoli 10. Polymnia sonchifolia - Yacon/Bolivian Sunroot 11. Hemerocallis sp. - Daylily 12. Bunias orientalis - Turkish Rocket 13. Elaeagnus x ebbingei (also E. angustafolia, E. umbellata, E multiflora) 14. Physalis peruviana - Cape Gooseberry 15. Viola odorata - Sweet Violet
  7. 7. 16. Cicorium intybus - Chicory17. Cynara scolymus - Artichoke18. Asparagus officinalis – Asparaus19. Nasturtium officinale - Watercress20. Dioscorea batatas -The Hardy Yam (also D. japonica)21. Fagopyrum dibotrys - Perennial Buckwheat22. Tetragonia tetragonioides - New Zealand Spinach23. Helianthus tuberosus - Sunchoke24. Pepino – Solanum muricatum25. Sechium edule - Chayote26. Stinging Nettles – Urtica dioica27. Phytolacca americana* - Pokeweed28. Chenopodium bonus-henricus Good King Henry29. Canna edulis – Achira30. Rheum rubarbarum - Rhubarb31. Agastache foeniculum - Anise hyssop32. Diplotaxis muralis - Sylvetta arugula33. Tropaeolum majus - Nasturtium34. Opuntia – Prickly Pear35. Crambe maritime - Sea kale36. Apios Americana - Groundnut37. Allium x proliferum - Egyptian walking onions -38. Golden bamboo - Phyllostachys aurea (runner)39. Hookers Evening Primrose - Oenothera elata hookeri40. Trifolium repens - White Clover41. Malva moschata - Musk Mallow42. Cynara cardunculus - Cardoon43. Typha latifolia – Cattail (pond culture)44. Ocimum kilimandscharicum - Perennial basil45. Comfrey - Symphytum officinale46. Sium sisarum - Skirret47. Tropaeolum tuberosum - Mashua48. Caragana aborescens - Pea Shrub49. Atriplex halimus50. Camassia quamash51. Perideridia gairdneri - Yampa52. Hippophae salicifolia - Willow-Leaved Sea Buckthorn53. Tilia cordata - Linden54. Cedrella sinensis - Toona55. Colocasia esculenta - Taro56. Basella alba (east side SF) – Malabar spinach57. Eleocharis dulcis – Water Chestnut58. Aralia cordata or A. nudicaulis59. Oxalis deppei – Iron Cross Plant60. Sasa kurilensis?61. Sagittaria sinensis - Chinese arrowhead62. Cyperus esculentus var. sativa - Chufa63. Decaisnea fargesii64. Allium tricoccum – Ramps65. Arracacia xanthorhiza66. Curcurbita ficifolia - Malabar gourd67. Dioscorea bulbifera68. Microseris scapigera - Yam Daisy69. Stachys affinis? – Chinese artichoke
  8. 8. 70. Psophocarpus tetragonobolus - Winged bean 71. Ullucus tuberosus - Ulluco 72. Gynura crepiodes 73. Cnidoscolus chayamansa – (dieback) Chaya 74. Sauropus androgynous –Katuk 75. Phaseolus polyanthus - BotilSeeds and Live Plant Resources:http://www.permacultureactivist.net/seeds/SeedResrcs.htmhttp://perennialvegetables.org/sources-of-plants-and-seeds/http://www.jlhudsonseeds.net/http://www.bountifulgardens.org/http://www.seedstrust.com/http://www.nativeseeds.org/catalog/index.php?cPath=1http://www.chilternseeds.co.uk/chilternseeds/211/index/http://www.ecoseeds.com/#anchor22007http://www.earthfuture.com/gardenpath/htdocs/vegetable.htmlhttp://www.amishlandseeds.com/http://www.theodorepayne.org/http://www.larnerseeds.com/http://www.justfruitsandexotics.com/FruitHome.htmhttp://www.bayflora.com/index.htmlhttp://www.ediblelandscaping.com/http://www.forestfarm.com/http://www.onegreenworld.com/http://www.nicholsgardennursery.com/newsandresources.htmhttp://www.raintreenursery.com/http://www.burntridgenursery.com/http://www.fruit-tree.com/www.perennialpleasures.net
  9. 9. Info about Plants:http://www.pfaf.org/index.phphttp://perennialvegetables.org/perennial-vegetables-for-each-climate-type/mediterranean-and-mild-subtropical/San Francisco Appropriate Fruit Tree CultivarsNormal 0AlmondsGarden Prince Genetic DwarfCompact, lushly foliated 10-12ft. tree. Soft shell, kernels especially sweet and tasty. Bears young and heavy. Large,light pink blossoms. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 5146. (Zaiger)Dave WilsonNonpareilNo. 1 commercial almond, the standard of quality. Interfruitful with Price, Mission, All-In-One, Carmel. (Neplus inNorthern California only.) 400 hours. Pollenizer required.Dave Wilson, http://www.sierragoldtrees.com/ , http://www.rollingrivernursery.comAll-In-One Genetic DwarfNo.1 almond for home orchards. Heavy crops of soft-shell nuts with sweet, flavorful kernels. Hot summer required toripen. 15 ft. tree, very winter & frost hardy. 500 hrs. Self-fruitful. Pat. No. 4304. (Zaiger)Dave Wilson, http://www.clausennursery.com, http://www.treesofantiquity.com ,http://www.rollingrivernursery.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comMissionNe Plus UltraPeerlessApples:Gordon (KB)
  10. 10. Fall: Medium to large, nearly globe-shaped fruit; skin green, blushed and striped with red; flesh near white, crisp,juicy, firm, quality good for dessert or cooking; ripens in midseason,. Tree vigorous, productive, bears regularly, self-fruitful, prolonged fruiting. Low chill requirement of about 400 hours.http://www.midcitynursery.com, http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.davewilson.comTropical Beauty (KB)Summer: Medium to large, roundish fruit skin rich, carmine red, flesh white, fairly crisp, juicy, with a smooth mildflavor; dessert quality very good; ripens early; resembles Rome Beauty. Tree small to medium; self-fruitful, bears atan early age; low chilling requirement. Originated in Maidstone, Sout Africa about 1930. G49, G65M, I68, I83MMichal (KB)Summer: Medium sized, roundish fruit; skin light golden-yellow, streaked with light red and orange; flesh juicy,firm, subacid, with good aroma and texture; flavor resembles Jonathan. Ripens mid-June to late July; Keeps at roomtemperature for at least two weeks, becoming sweeter. Tree precocious, bearing in third year; very productive. Lowchilling requirement. G17Maayan (KB)Summer: Round, medium-sized fruit, skin yellow, 50% covered with dark-red, attractive flesh, juicy, firm aromatic.Ripens June to late July. Keeps well. Compact tree. Pollinates with Elah and Michal. Low chilling requirement. G17Reverend Morgan (KB)Summer: Seedling of Granny Smith. Skin green, blushed with pinkish red. Good quality fruit. Superb flavor andtexture. Ripens in August, keeps well. Tree self-fruitful and disease resistant. Requires 400-500 hours of chill. A91(sC), C30M, G65M, I83M, J59, J93 (Sc), N20, http://www.davewilson.comAdina (KB)Summer: Large, round-conic fruit; skin red to purple-red with an occaisional overlaying stripe; flesh creamy white,firm, juicy, flavor sweet with a distinctive hint of cinnamon, ripens in mid-June. Tree precocious. Low chillingrequirement of 350 hours. Originated in Australia. A63, I68, I83M, L33Early Dawn (KB)Summer: Medium-sized fruit, about half a pound, skin yellow, blushed with red, flesh crisp, aromatic, suitable fordessert or cooking, ripens in August. Disease resistant, grows well under coastal conditions. Low chillingrequirement of under 250 hours. I83MBeverley Hills (KB)
  11. 11. Summer: Pale, greenish-yellow skin with an orangish red flush and streaked dark red, russet dotes. Slightly tartflavor. Resembles McIntosh. Low chilling requirement. C54 (ES), D23M, G65M, I68, I83M, K88T, L47, N20,http://www.davewilson.comAshmeads Kernel (Tree)****Fall/Winter: Old late season apple of excellent flavor and highest quality. Bright green-yellow fruit flushed orangewith light cinnamon russeting. Sweet, slightly acid and highly aromatic flavor. Crisp, juicy flesh. December toFebruary. Bears irregularly. A53(PR), C34, F88G, G65M, I49M, J93(SC), L1, L12, M11M(PR), M99G, N20, O81,http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.com,http://www.onegreenworld.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comHudsons Golden Gem (Tree)Fall/Winter: Excellent eating apple. Large to very large conical and elongated fruit. Dull yellow russet skin. Crisp,sugary flesh with nutty flavor. vigorous tree. Ripens late October. Disease resistant, self fertile. 800-1000- chillhours. A53)PR), A91, B27M (SC), E84 (OR), I49M, J61M, J93(SC), L1, L12, M11M (PR), M22, M99Ghttp://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.com,http://www.onegreenworld.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comHunt Russet (Tree)Winter: Fruit medium sized, golden russet with broken patches of smooth bright red on the cheek. It is quite attractivefor a russet apple, excellent in quality and a good keeper. Known to keep in root cellars over a year. January to Aprilor later. Moderately productive. B27M (SC), C27T(SC), L12, M11M (PR), N38M (SC),http://www.treesofantiquity.comAmbrosia (Tree)Fall: Fruit is sweet, sub acid, crisp, juicy and aromatic. Ambrosia is a medium to large apple. Fruit from mature treesare uniform in size and symmetrical. The color is up to 75% to 80% total red color with a distinctive pink/red blushand faint broad stripes over a creamy white/yellow background. The shape is conic and angular with a wide deepcalyx.Suntan (Tree)Winter: Medium-large fruit, gold-yellow flushed and striped orange-red. Flesh yellowish-cream. Firm and fairlyjuicy. Flesh rather coarsely textured, crisp. Good cropper.http://www.treesofantiquity.com
  12. 12. Golden Russet (Tree)Fall/Winter: One of the great family orchard apples of 19th century America. Crisp, aromatic, subacid, creamyyellow flesh with great flavor and legendary sugary juice. Medium size. Used fresh and for cider, drying and cooking.Ripens about with Spitzenburg: late September/early October in Central California. Ripe fruit hangs on the tree untilfrost; fruit stored properly keeps til April. Skin partly to almost completely russeted, varying from grayish-green orgreenish-yellow to an attractive golden brown with orange highlights. Winter hardy, vigorous tree, bears mostly onthe tips of branches. Good disease resistance. Apparently originated in New York as a seedling of English Russetsometime in the 1700s. Estimated chilling requirement 800-1000 hours. Partly self-fruitful, biggest crops with cross-pollination. A39, A53(PR), A91, C58, E84(OR), F53, F88G, G79M(DW), H65, I49G, J93(SC), L1, L27M,M11M(PR0, N20http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.comApricot (Tree)Fall: Very unique new apple with distinctive, orange flesh. Medium sized fruits; skin yellow-orange, striped with red,solid-orange-colored flesh,. A delicious apple with distinctive apricot aftertaste. Ripens mid-fall in PacificNorthwest. I49M, N24MAdams Pearmain (Tree)Fall/Winter: Conical shaped fruit striped red on a yellow background with a thin brown russet. Creamy white flesh isfirm, crisp, tender, with a rich, nutty taste. The tree is hardy with some resistance to scab. Tends toward biennialbearing. C27T(SC), E84(OR), F88G, J93(SC), L12, M11M(SPR), M22, O81King David (Tree)Winter: Pale green overlaid with deep red and dark red stripes. Medium to large, rounded and often ribbed at the stemend; crisp, firm and juicy yellow flesh. A39, A53(PR), A91, A91(SC), B27M(SC), E84(OR), F43M, G8, G65M,I49G, L1, L12, M11M(PR), N33, http://www.treesofantiquity.comApricotBlenheim (Royal)All-purpose freestone, sweet, aromatic, flavorful. Long-time No.1 apricot in California. Early bloom. Late Juneharvest in Central Calif. 500 hours. Self-fruitfulDave Wilson
  13. 13. Canadian White BlenheimTaste test winner! One of the all-tim top-scoring apricots in Dave Wilson Nursery blind taste tests. Syrupy sweetwhite flesh with firm texture. 500 to 700 hours. Partly self-fruitful: biggest crops if cross-pollinated by anotherapricot.Dave WilsonAutumn GloLate season apricot with tremendous flavor. Ripens in the first two weeks of August. Fruit is medium sized with goodcolor. One of the highest-scoring apricot varieties at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings.Dave WilsonGold Kist (KB)Medium to large fruit. Tree large, upright vigorous bearer. Low chill, recommended for warm winter areas.Katy (KB)Large uniform fruit; withstands various temperatures during blooming season without dropping blossoms. Lowchilling requirement.Asian Pear:Kosui (KB, Tree)Summer: Very juicy, exceptionally sweet. This russeted selection is one of the best tasting. It is a realiable bearer ofmedium to large delicious fruit. However, in the wettest climates like Western Washington, it is susceptible toPseudomonas. A great choice in much of the nation. Needs a pollenizer. Ripens early August. B83, C34, D37, E4,G17, I49P, M11M(PR), J93(SC)RaintreeMeigetsu (KB)Fall: Medium to large sized fruit. Smooth, russet skin, Sweet white flesh with refined, perfumed, delicate flavor,.Ripens in mid to late September, Stores well. Very productive and fire blight resistant. Name translates as "BrightMoon" or "Full Moon."A39, D28J, J93(SC)
  14. 14. Tarusa Crimson (KB)Fall/Winter: An attractive Asian pear, with a pronounced red or orange bluish. Ripens later than other cultivars tospread the season. Crisp when first ripe, it eventually develops a smoother texture, more like a European pear. Red-hued leaves when young. A fine Garden fruit tee.Olympic (Tree)Fall/Winter:Also known as Korean Giant or Olympic, this very large and high quality fruit grows as large as agrapefruit, these sweet, crisp and juicy, light brown pears can weigh more than a pound. Large Korean bears abundantcrops of delicious and attractive fruit which ripen in early October. The vigorous winter hardy tree produces at ayoung age and bears a heavy crop of large, round olive green fruit that can weigh up to a pound each. The fruit can bekept in unrefrigerated storage until March. This highly touted pear blooms early in the season and ripens in mid-October. It is very crisp and juicy with a high sugar content. Does well in most of the nation but can ripen too late inmaritime summer climates. A5, D37, E4One Green World , http://www.rollingrivernursery.com, Raintree, http://www.burntridgenursery.com,http://www.raintreenursery.comHosui (Tree)Summer/Fall: High-scoring in taste tests: perhaps the tastiest Asian pear. Large, juicy, sweet, flavorful, refreshing,crisp like an apple. Brownish-orange russeted skin. Harvest early to mid-August in Central CA. 450 hours. Pollinatedby Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett, or 20th Century. From Japanese breeding program, introduced in 1972; (Kikusui xYakumo) x Yakumo. This is the the best-flavored of all the Asian pears! Sugar content usually 12 brix or higher butmore tart in the North. It is an early season, russet type with a round globular shape and yellow to brownish-yellowskin, heavily russeted. It has a long storage life. The tree is vigorous, willowy and spreading. Good resistance to pearscab disease. Susceptible to fire blight.A5, A88M, B83, E4, E87, I83M, L1, M11M(PR), M39M, N20Dave Wilson, http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.sierragoldtrees.com,http://www.rollingrivernursery.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comAvocadosEdranol (Tree, KB)Originated in Vista, California, by E.R. Mullen. Introduced in 1932. Season at Santa Barbara, Ca., from Mar. to Nov.;season at Vista, Ca., from Feb. to July. Frost resistant. Does better on coast. Skin russets badly in interior areas.Raised bumps on skin are a bright green. Skin is medium thin. Has excellent flavor.Average Fruit Weight oz: 9 to 18Gwen (Tree, KB)
  15. 15. Ready to pick from April through October (at South Coast Field Station, Orange County, Ca.). Tree is small. Fruit ispear/oval with stem tending to come out on one side.Average Fruit Weight oz: 6 to 15http://www.clausennursery.com/Whitsell (KB)Many fruit are spheriod. Skin has large, coarse pebbles. Small drooping tree with small leaves. Named after BobWhitsell who worked for Dr. Bergh in the avocado breeding program. Average Fruit Weight oz: 10 to 18Wertz (KB)Also called Minicado, Littlecado. Sometimes spelled Wurtz. Originated in Encinitas, California, by Roy Wertz.Introduced in 1948 from a chance seedling planted about 1935. Tree: production fair to good; distinctive weepinggrowth habit, with dense cover of leaves and small limbs. A dwarf tree sold for backyard use. Average Fruit Weightoz: 10 to 20http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comMexicola (KB)Mexican varieties have an anise smell to the leaves. This is a very typical Mexican variety.Average Fruit Weight oz: 4 to 6.5http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comHoliday* (Tree)Dwarf tree has very large fruit. Beautiful tree with spreading, umbrella shape that skirts the ground. Not extremelysmall, but certainly not a towering tree. Tree is smaller than Wertz. Fruit are attractive and have good flavor. Releasedfrom the breeding program for nursery propagation in 2001. Marketed by one nursery as the Holiday avocado.Average Fruit Weight oz: 18 to 24Pinkerton* (Tree)Harvest begins in January in some commercial areas. High oil content. Medium slightly spreading tree. Hardy to 30degrees. Average Fruit Weight oz: 9 to 18http://www.clausennursery.com/
  16. 16. Lamb Haas* (Tree)Originally named BL122. Usually is a shouldered pear shape and is normally black with green spots. It is a substantialappearing fruit. Tree grows upright. Is starting to be grown commercially in California. Matures later than Hass.Average Fruit Weight oz: 10 to 18Reed (Tree)Originated in Carlsbad, California, by James Reed. Introduced in 1960 from a chance seedling planted in 1948. Fruitsripe May to September according to most literature. At South Coast Field Station (Orange County, Ca) we have foundit to be better later in the year. Sets fruit yearly. Fruit may remain on tree for a relatively long time after reachingmaturity. Resistant to salt burn. Cold tender. Average Fruit Weight oz: 17 to 24http://www.clausennursery.comJim (Tree)Was commercial at one time. Color when immature is a very light avocado green. Some fruit has a rosy blush thatdoes not appear to be caused by thrips.Average Fruit Weight oz: 6 to 16Bacon (Tree)Originated in Buena Park, California, by James Bacon. Introduced in 1951. Flesh has an unusually pale yellow/greencolor. Oil content high. Matures Nov. to Jan. in Orange County and Dec. to Mar. in Ventura County, Ca.Consistant,heavy producer; frost tolerance excellent. Bacon has a commercial background. Large trees. Average FruitWeight oz: 10 to 18http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comBananaIce Cream?Misi Luki?Mysore?Pisang Raja? - Tolerates wind and cold very wellRajapuri - Vigorous dessert cultivar from India which withstands wind cold, and adverse conditions. Produces smallto medium bunches of sweet, fine flavored fruit of high quality. Mature height of 8-10 feet
  17. 17. Dwarf Orinoco (cooking banana)Saba (cooking banana)Black WalnutCookseyKwik KropMintleBlueberryAvonblueONealSunshine BlueAliceblueBaldwinChaucerDeliteHomebellPowderblueTifblueCherimoyaBaysChaffeySaborSpain
  18. 18. CherrySour CherryDwarfrichMontmorencyKansas SweetNorth StarSweet CherryEarly RubyStellaMinnie RoyalRoyal AnnChestnutAlachuaCarolinaCitrus- cara cara- lane late- newhall- trovitaDogwoodsCornus MasCornus capitataCornus kousa
  19. 19. FigsBlack Mission The favorite. Purplish-black skin, strawberry- colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived,large tree. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hours. Self-fruitful. favorite fig. Purplish-black skin, strawberry-colored flesh, rich flavor. Heavy bearing, long-lived, large tree. Coast or inland. Fresh/dry/can. 100 hrs. Self-fruitful.Dave Wilson, Bay Laurel, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comBlack JackLarge, long, purple fig with strawberry-colored flesh is juicy with sweet flavor. Tree is a natural dwarf; easily keptunder 6-8 ft. Very heavy producer. Ripens Aug. to Oct. 100 hrs. NOTE: Due to their sensitivity, figs are NOTguaranteed.Bay Laurel, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comKing (Desert King)Light green white skin, strawberry colored pulp. Rich flavor, excellent fresh-eating quality. Large breba (spring)crop. Later crop is light in hot climates, heavier in coastal climates. Prune only lightly, occasionally. (Heavy winterpruning removes breba crop.) 100 hours. Self-fruitful. One of the best varieties for the Northwest, Desert Kingwithstands fruit damaging, late spring frosts better than any other fig we grow. Desert King is very productive andreliable, producing abundant, yellowish-green figs with sweet and richly flavorful, strawberry colored flesh. Becauseit ripens in mid-summer, Desert King is a great variety for gardeners in coastal, high elevation, and other cool regions.Dave Wilson, Bay Laurel, One Green World, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.com,http://www.burntridgenursery.com, http://www.onegreenworld.comBrogiotto Negro (Barnissotte) (KB)NegronneIschiaJanice Seedless KadotaPetite NegriVenturaViolette de BordeauxWhite Marseilles (Lattarula)Conadria
  20. 20. Osborne ProlificOlympianFilbertNut WasherRed AvelineTonda di GiffoniWhiteskinGrapeAmericaBlack Spanish (Lenoir)California ConcordChampanelLomantoNiabell**Price**StoverEinsetMuller ThurgauGrapefruitSmooth SevilleKiwi Fruit
  21. 21. VincentWell-regarded, tasty, medium-sized, fuzzy-skinned kiwi. Low chilling requirement; adapted to so. Calif. 100 hrs.Pollinated by Tomuri maleBay Laurel, Dave WilsonTomuriPrice: $ 21.95Pollenizer for Vincent female kiwi. Does not produce fruit. One male can pollinate up to eight Vincent females. 100hrs.Bay Laurel, Dave WilsonDexterKoryokuTewiMatua (Male)BlakeJumboRosyKiev (Male)Male (Imale)Pacific (Male)IssaiPautskePozdnayaSentyabraskayaUrozhainayaAll Purpose (Male)Canton
  22. 22. First EmperorLoquat*Gold Nugget:Spring: Medium sized, orange, sweet, juicy, orange flesh. Self-fertile.Lavern Nursery, http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comAdvanceBenlehrPremierVista WhiteBessell Brown*Big JimMacBethOliverTanakaStrawberryFletcher WhiteMrs. CookseyChampagneKankoArgelinoMulberryWeeping Mulberry:
  23. 23. A beautiful accent plant for your yard or in a pot on your deck or patio. This exotic ornamental and fruiting plant willgrow to only 6-8 ft. in height. Weeping Mulberry bears small, sweet and tasty, jet black fruit. Weeping Mulberry ishardy to minus 25°F.One Green World, http://www.burntridgenursery.com, http://www.onegreenworld.comPakistan Fruiting MulberryLong (3 inches), firm, red to black, sweet syncarpous (like a blackberry) fruit. Non-staining juice. Month-long earlysummer harvest. Fruit used fresh and for pies, jams and jellies. Large, vigorous, disease-resistant tree.Dave Wilson, http://www.rollingrivernursery.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.comContorted MulberryThis very rare and unique Mulberry grows only 6-8 ft. tall with gnarled and twisted branches. Enjoy this beautiful andunusual effect especially after leaves fall. An added benefit is the small, tasty, sweet black fruit. Contorted Mulberryshould be hardy to minus 25°F.http://www.onegreenworld.comBachuus NoirBeautiful DayCollierDowningHunza SeedlessIllinois EverbearingNoire of SpainParadiseTehamaNectarineSnow Queen
  24. 24. Sweet, juicy, early season white freestone. Late June harvest in Central CA., 2-3 weeks ahead of Babcock peach.Estimated chilling: 250-300 hours. Self-fruitful. Not peach leaf curl resistantDave Wilson, http://solman.com/trees.htm, http://www.treesofantiquity.comFlamekistGarden DelightPeentoPalmsSharmahd Butia Palm (Jelly Palm) The man I met who grows them said he has seen them growing in Seattle.Paw PawOverleeseProlificSweet AlicePeachCompact FlavoretteGenetic Semi-Dwarf Naturally small tree, to about 10 feet high. Delicious freestone fruit:red-streaked orange fleshwith delicious tangy flavor - high-scoring in taste tests. Harvest late July to early August in Central California. Idealfor home orchard. 600 to 700 hours chilling. Self-fruitful. Patent No. 8071. (Zaiger)Dave WilsonEvas PrideDelicious, fine-flavored peach with very low-chilling requirement ripens 2-3 weeks before Mid-Pride. Medium tolarge-sized yellow freestone - also recommended as early season peach for moderate climates - harvest 3 weeksbefore July Elberta. 1-200 hours. Self- fruitful. Pat. No. 7751. (Zaiger)Dave Wilson, http://www.clausennursery.comSummerset
  25. 25. Fine late season yellow freestone, ripens approx. Sept. lst in Central Calif. Large, sweet and flavorful. Used fresh,canned, and for freezing. 700 hours. Self-fruitful.http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comPear:June Sugar (KB)Summer: Green skinned. Fruit of excellent quality, ripens very early. Good to eat out of hand. Resistant to fireblight.Blooms late, somewhat slow to bear. E84, G65MPackhams Triumph (KB)Winter: Distinctive medium to large totally light yellow green pear. Flesh fine grained, very juicy, melting, flavorparticularly rich and pleasing. Ready late february/march. Chilling requirement low 250-500 hours. A91, A91(SC),B83, D81M(PO), E4, L1, M22, 081, R83, http://www.raintreenursery.comHood (KB)Summer: Large, golden yellow fruit; flesh creamy white, crisp, juicy, sweet, very good for fresh eating; ripens lateJuly to mid-August. Resistant to blight. Low chilling requirement of 150 hours or less. A63, A88M, C54, E45, G17,I53M, I83M, J59, K76, N20, Q93http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.davewilson.comPineapple (KB)Fall: Large, yellow pear blushed with red. Crisp flesh with unusual pineapple flavor. Great for canning, preserving, oreating fresh. Large crop at early age. Requires less than 150 hrs of chilling. Self-fertile, good storage, fireblightresistant. A85M, C54, C75M, E45, G8, G17, H63M, K76, L90, M83, http://www.clausennursery.com/,http://www.treesofantiquity.comSeckel (Tree, KB)Fall: A must for the home orchard. Hardy and self-fertile. Hardiest bloom in the spring. Resistant to fire blight; itsreported that if any trees survive, Seckels do. Fruit small, reddish-brown russet over yellow or greenish-brown. Bestflavor. Flesh creamy white and sweet. Good for preserving, spicing. Thinning produces better size fruit. Tree isnaturally semi-dwarf. Self-fertile. Resistant to fire blight. http://www.clausennursery.com/,http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.com,http://www.raintreenursery.comHarrow Delight (Tree)Summer: The fruit, smaller than Bartlett, are greenish yellow in color with a red blush. The cultivar ripens 2 weeksbefore Bartlett and is resistant to fire blight. Pick fruit while still green; otherwise, it drops heavily. Harrow Delight is
  26. 26. pollen-compatible with Bartlett, Bosc, Anjou and Harvest Queen. Medium sized, slightly smaller than Bartlett. Fleshis high quality and very smooth with no grit cells. Very productive tree even at a young age. Ripens in mid-August.800 chill hours. A39, A91, C45M, E84, M11M(PR), 081Peaceful Valley (3 in 1), http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comWarren (Tree)Sumemr: Medium to large fruit. Skin dull green, flesh melting, juicy, sweet, flavor and quality good, stores verywell. Extremely fire blight resistant. Medium to large, long-necked, drop-shaped fruit is faded green with anoccasional red blush in full sun. Varies in size and shape. Flavor is rated equal to Magness by many. Sweet, veryjuicy, buttery, smooth flesh with no grit. Pyramidal tree shape. Fire blight resistant. A39, G8, H4, I53M, L90, N20Peaceful Valley (3 in 1), http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.davewilson.com,http://www.burntridgenursery.com, http://www.raintreenursery.comBlakes Pride (Tree)Summer/Fall: Bartlett shape, large fruit, deep calyx, light tan russet on skin, more russet on stem top, juicy, willowytree, excellent fire blight resistancePeaceful Valley (3 in 1), http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.com,http://www.raintreenursery.comKeiffer (Tree)Strictly a canning pear of poor quality and a poor pollenizer for major pear cultivars grown in the province. Althoughit is highly fireblight resistantPeaceful Valley (3 in 1), http://www.davewilson.comPineapple guavaRobert (Tree)A new self-fertile variety from New Zealand, Robert bears profuse flowers and tasty fruit. Somewhat more dwarfingthan other varieties, Robert makes a fine plant for the yard and is also easy to grow as a potted plant on the patio ordeck.5970one green worldNikita (Tree)
  27. 27. We found this attractive and early-ripening variety at the Nikita Botanic Garden in Yalta, Ukraine. It is prized for itslarge, tasty fruit and its dwarfing growth habit.one green worldBeechwood (KB)Edenvale Improved Coolidge (KB)Smilax (KB)Plum:Methley (KB)Summer: An early plum with fine quality and appearance. The fruit is purple with red, sweet flesh, very juicy with adistinctive flavor. Ripening in early to mid-July, Methley is self-fruitful and a good pollinizer for Shiro. Droughttolerant. Low chilling requirement 200 or less hours. A85M, B53, B74, C75M, F93, I9M, I83M, J61M, M11M(PR),N33http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.davewilson.com, http://www.burntridgenursery.comValor (KB)Summer/Fall: A medium to large, violet-blue, semi-freestone plum of excellent quality. Valor ripens just ahead ofItalian but is larger, much more productive and comes into bearing earlier than Italian. Low chilling requirement.C76M, F88G, J61M, M11M(PR), P59MSalsberry (KB)Spring/Summer: Small to medium sized fruit. Skin maroon to dull reddish, flesh dark-maroon, sweet and juicy.Excellent for dessert. Ripens early mid-May. Genetic dwarf mature at 6-8 feet. Self-fertile and low chill.T49M(SC)Beauty (KB)Summer: Sweet, flavorful plum, more widely adapted than Santa Rosa (more productive in coastal climates). Redoveryellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Ripens June in Central Calif. 250 hours. Self-fruitful. A88M, B74, C54,I49M, I68, I83M, J61M, K88T, N20http://www.midcitynursery.com, http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.davewilson.com,http://www.burntridgenursery.comInca (KB)Summer: Oval, handsome fruit. Skin golden yellow tinged, with crimson, bloom lavender; flesh orange, juicy, firm,sweet and flavorful, ripens mid-season, Luther Burbank. D57(OR)
  28. 28. Wade (KB)Spring/Summer: Large, oblate fruit, skin deep red, flesh yellow-streaked with red, very juicy, tender, sweet; ripenslate May to mid-June. Requires a pollinator. Low chill. C75M, E99M, G8, G17, J93(SC)Weeping Santa Rosa (KB)Summer: Large fruit, skin purple-red with numerous small yellow dots, covered with blue-gray bloom, flech pale-yellow, juicy, firm, flavor mild, quality good, semi-freestone, ripens midseason. Tree ornamental, low chill. A88M,C54, G17, H89M, I49M, I68, I83M, J61M, L1, N20, http://www.treesofantiquity.comElephant Heart (Tree)Summer/Fall: Home-orchard favorite-large, heart-shaped fruit with sweet, juicy, richly flavored, firm red flesh. Darkreddish-purple mottled skin. Long harvest season-September in Central Calif. Hardy, heavy bearing. 500 hours.Pollinate with Beauty or Santa Rosa.Dave Wilson, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comSanta Rosa (Tree)Summer: Most popular plum in California & Arizona. Juicy, tangy, flavorful. Reddish-purple skin, amber flesh tingedred. Late June in Central Calif. 300 hours. Self-fruitful.Dave Wilson, http://www.clausennursery.com/, http://www.treesofantiquity.com, http://www.rollingrivernursery.comEmerald Beaut (Tree)Summer/Fall: One of the highest-rated plums in blind fruit tastings at Dave Wilson Nursery. Light green skin,greenish-yellow to orange freestone flesh. Harvest begins late August in Central Calif. Ripe fruit continues tosweeten, becoming exceptionally sweet, but remaining crisp and crunchy. Ripe fruit holds on tree longer than anyother stone fruit - two months or more! 6-700 hours. Pollenizer required: Beauty, Burgundy, Late Santa Rosa,Nubiana, Flavor King PluotPluotsFlavor King Pluot® interspecificTaste test winner. Unique plum-apricot hybrid. Remarkable, spicy bouquet and flavor. Reddish-purple skin, sweet redflesh. Harvest mid August in Central Calif. Naturally small tree. 5-600 hours. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme, SantaRosa or Late Santa Rosa. Pat. No. 8026.(Zaiger)
  29. 29. Dave Wilson, http://www.treesofantiquity.comDapple Dandy Pluot® interspecific Taste test winner. Ranks with Flavor King and Flavor Supreme Pluot® as best-flavored fruit at Dave Wilson Nursery tastings. Creamy white and red-fleshed freestone with wonderful plum-apricotflavor. Skin greenish-yellow with red spots, turning to a maroon and yellow dapple. August harvest in Central Calif.4-500 hours. Pollenized by Flavor Supreme Pluot®, Santa Rosa or Burgundy Plum. Pat. No. 9254. (Zaiger)Dave Wilson, http://www.treesofantiquity.comFlavor grenadeA pluot with a long hang time even into November, lowest chill factor, best adaptability. Use Burgundy plum forpollinating. I tasted it and it was delicious. elongated green fruit with a red blush. Crisp texture and explosive flavor.Taste-test winner. Hangs on the tree for 4 to 6 weeks. Pollinize with a Japanese plum. Estimated chilling requirement:400 to 500 hours. Patent No. 12097. (Zaiger)http://www.davewilson.comPersimmonsFuyu - Jiro ("Apple Persimmon")Medium size, flat shape, still hard when ripe, non-astringent. Cool or hot climate. Hardy, attractive tree, practicallypest free. Fall harvest. 200 hours. Self-fruitful.Dave WilsonIzu Very sweet, tasty, non-astringent fruit ripens about three weeks before Fuyu. Medium to large size, round shape.Relatively small tree, good choice for backyard persimmon. Sometimes difficult to start from bareroot. 100 hours.Self-fruitful.Dave WilsonSurugaPomegranateAmbrosiaSweet
  30. 30. PommeloOroblancoSapoteSuebelleEverbearing: Medium-sized fruits have a rich, sweet, creamy yellow flesh. Attractive, large, tree is semi-everbearingin coastal areas. Self-fertile.Lavern Nursery, http://www.clausennursery.comMcDillFall/Winter: A great-tasting, large round fruit, that ripens 6-9 months from bloom. Tall evergreen trees that do well,wherever oranges grow. Self Fertile.Other Lists:http://www.scribd.com/doc/2029243/West-Coast-Food-Forestryhttp://www.nafex.orghttp://www.primalseeds.org/OTHERSTUFF/new/grain.htmhttp://www.ildis.org/http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/faminefoods/ff_indices/ff_genus_ab.htmlhttp://plantfinder.sunset.com/sunset/plant-home.jsphttp://www.crfg.org/chapters/golden_gate/Grapes%20in%20cooler%20climate.pdfhttp://www.crfg.org/chapters/golden_gate/Figs,%20Jujube%20for%20cool.pdfhttp://www.crfg.org/chapters/golden_gate/images/Bay_Area.pdfhttp://www.fruit-tree.com/chileplants.shtmlhttp://pickyourown.org/unusualfruits.htmhttp://www.winrock.org/fnrm/factnet/factnet.htmhttp://food-security.info/Crops.htm (TROPICS)http://www.californianativebulbs.com/http://www.pfaf.orghttp://www.abc.net.au/gardening/stories/s824308.htmhttp://piw.openpermaculture.org/facet_browser2.php?u=Root&b=g+w+u+thttp://www.leafforlife.org/PAGES/cd_lib_frameset.htmhttp://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309049903http://homeorchard.ucdavis.edu/8261.pdfhttp://homeorchard.ucdavis.edu/varieties.pdf
  31. 31. ~Companion Planting INCREASES Food Production by 250 PercentOne of the goals of research in South Africa is to look at ways to boost food production with thepractice of intercropping (companion planting, or growing crops together) a cereal grain crop, likesorghum, with bean crops. We have been intercropping sorghum with legumes planted in row of zaipits.Why grow beans? Being legumes, bean crops can improve soils by converting nitrogen from the airinto forms that crops can use.The crops we are working with are quite tolerant of dry conditions and produce vines that cover theground, protect6ing it from the intense tropical sun and creating an environments in which soilmicroorganisms, can thrive.Moreover, the legumes provide the farmer with a harvest of dried, edible beans.What are zai holes? The zai system originated in West Africa as a way to cope with drought and hardencrusted soil. Drought tolerant grain crops such as sorghum or millet are planted in pits about 12inches, 6 inches deep.With the excavated soil thrown to the downhill side, the pits act as tiny water catchment basins,making maximum use of what little rainfall is received. Several handfuls of manure are traditionallyplaced in each pit, concentrating nutrients near the crop roots.Have we seen any benefits? The results we have so far are from year one of a sorghum-legumesintercropping strategy within the zai system. Most of the legumes we have tried have grown verywell, but cowpea produced the most dried beans.It increases total grain production by 1,000 kilograms (250%) from 400 kilograms per hectarewhen grown sorghum alone to about 1,400 kilograms per hectare when grown together withcowpeas.It also increased soil nitrogen as well as nitrogen taken up by the sorghum plants.All of this is very encouraging from the perspective of the smallholder farmer, because it means theyhave a way to improve their soils while greatly increasing food production.
  32. 32. ~NATURAL SOLUTIONS in Africa by Using Companion PlantingAcross East Africa, thousands of farmers are planting weeds in their maize fields (CompanionPlanting). Bizarre as it sounds, their technique is actually raising yields by giving the insect pestssomething else to chew on besides maize.It is better than pesticides and a lot cheaper, said Ziadin Khan, whose idea it is.And it has raised farm yields by 60-70 Percents.In East Africa, maize fields face two major pests, and Khan has a solution to both. The first is aninsect called the stem borer. True to its name, it s larvae eat their way through a third of the regionsmaize most years.But Khan discovered that the borer in even fonder of a local weed, napier grass. By planting napiergrass in their fields , farmers can lure the stem borers away from the maize and into a honey trap. Forthe grass produces a sticky substance that traps and kills stem borer larvae.The second major pest is Striga, a parasitic plant that wrecks 10 billion dollars worth damage onmaize crops every year, threating the livelihoods of one hundred million Africans.Weeding Striga is one of the most time consuming activities for millions of African women farmers,says Khan.But he has an antidote: another weed, called Desmodium. It seems to release some sort of chemicalthat Striga does not like. At any rate, where farmers plant Desmodium between rows of maize, Strigawill not grow.Khans cheap fixes for Striga and stem borer are spreading like wildfire through the fields of EastAfrica.Trials on more than 2,000 farms are finished. It is out of our hands now, says Khans boss HansHerren , who is the director of the International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology in Nairobi.The ideas are being taken up by framers in countries such as Ethiopia where we have never worked.Khans novel way of fighting pests is one of the host of Low-Tech Innovations boostingproduction by 100 percent or more on millions of poor Thirds World farms in the pastdecade.This Sustainable Agriculture just happens to be the biggest movement in Third World Farmingtoday, dwarfing the tentative forays in genetic manipulation. It seems peasant farmers have a longway to go before they exhaust the possibilities of traditional agriculture
  33. 33. ~COMPANION PLANTING BOOKS(Intercropping Gardening, Mixed Vegetables Gardening, Polycultures Gardening):Carrots Love Tomatoes and Roses Love Garlic: Secrets of Companion Planting for SuccessfulGardening; by Louise Riottehttp://www.librarything.com/work/141405http://books.google.com/books?id=MtFvQnYDy_sChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37688263 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comA-Z of Companion Planting; by Pamela Allardicehttp://www.librarything.com/work/10584295http://books.google.com/books?id=OD4iHQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29456594 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comA Crash Course on Companion Planting; by Ralph Cummings~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comBobs Basics Companion Planting; by Bob Flowerdewhttp://www.librarything.com/work/12593858http://books.google.com/books?id=LyWr_nVIKNYChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/755704762 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBiological Pest Control, including: Bird, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Predation, Companion Planting,Disease Resistance In Fruit And Vegetables, Biocide, Parasitoid, Pyrethrum, Beetle Bank, Scoliidae,Pyrethrin, Fire Ant, Integrated Pest Management, Tansy; by Hephaestus Bookshttp://books.google.com/books?id=OGmQSQAACAAJCompanion Gardening in New Zealand: Working with Mother Nature; by Judith Collinshttp://books.google.com/books?id=gvJIHQAACAAJCompanion Planting; by Jeannine Davidoff - South African Organic Gardenerhttp://www.blurb.com http://www.yahoo.com http://www.google.com
  34. 34. ~Companion Planting; by Margaret Robertshttp://books.google.com/books?id=U4FZAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/139975988Companion Planting; by Richard Birdhttp://www.librarything.com/work/729518http://books.google.com/books?id=5xsGAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23667555 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Planting and Intensive Cultivation; by Nancy Lee Maffiahttp://www.librarything.com/work/4993593http://books.google.com/books?id=cQfatgAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43414392 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Planting Boost Your Gardens Health, Secure It From Pests And Grow More Vegetables;by Ephraim Acre http://www.amazon.co.uk http://www.dealzilla.co.ukhttp://www.yahoo.com http://www.google.com http://www.bing.com~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Australian Gardens; by Kelly Morrishttp://books.google.com/books?id=OXicOO4HMFUCCompanion Planting For Beginners; by Wendi Eaton~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comCompanion Planting for Successful Gardening; by Louise Riottehttp://www.librarything.com/work/4821536Companion Planting for Veggies; by Annette Welsfordhttp://www.companionplantingguide.com http://www.librarything.com/work/8981096http://www.yahoo.com http://www.google.com http://www.bing.comCompanion Planting Guide; by Julie Villanihttp://www.yahoo.com http://www.google.com http://www.bing.com
  35. 35. ~Companion Planting In Australia; by Brenda Littlehttp://www.librarything.com/work/424991http://books.google.com/books?id=WcV0PQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/154645816 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Planting in New Zealand; by Brenda Littlehttp://www.librarything.com/work/4174999http://books.google.com/books?id=y0EtOAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/154585972 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Planting Made Easy; by Editors of Organic Gardening Magazinehttp://www.librarything.com/work/3406736google.com bing.com bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Planting: Successful Gardening the Organic Way; by Gertrud Franckhttp://www.librarything.com/work/4820831http://books.google.com/books?id=C7M4AQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11197884 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompanion Plants and How to Use Them: A Guide to Planting the Right Plants to Ward off PlantDiseases; by Helen Louise Porter Philbrickhttp://www.librarything.com/work/940350http://books.google.com/books?id=GqyMAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2323470 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comComplete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/10080769http://books.google.com/books?id=32xpkvpXyvIChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/316834155 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comGarden Companion to Native Plants. Selecting, Planting and Caring for over 400 Australian NativePlants; by Allan Sealehttp://www.librarything.com/work/4264765http://books.google.com/books?id=mW_gPAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38406971 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  36. 36. ~Good Companions: A Guide to Gardening with Plants that Help Each Other; by Bob Flowerdewhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1177805http://books.google.com/books?id=AnF5qClHJqsChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/24246840 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comGood Neighbors: Companion Planting for Gardeners; by Anna Carrhttp://www.librarything.com/work/819899http://books.google.com/books?id=2yNIAAAAYAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11397323 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comGreat Garden Companions: A Companion-Planting System for a Beautiful, Chemical-Free VegetableGarden; by Sally Jean Cunninghamhttp://www.librarything.com/work/392320http://books.google.com/books?id=bYOPlJt6SfAChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37792416 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comGrowing Together: the A to Z of Companion Planting; by Susan Tomnayhttp://www.librarything.com/work/10090519http://books.google.com/books?id=zJafPQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/219996984 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comHow to Grow World Record Tomatoes: a Guinness World Record Holder, Reveals HisAll-Organic Secrets. His organic methods work with other crops; by Charles Wilberhttp://librarything.com/work/1752882http://books.google.com/books?id=hQdIAAAAYAAJhttp://worldcat.org/oclc/40948283 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comIntercropping: A Step Towards Sustainability; by Haseeb ur Rehmanhttp://books.google.com/books?id=0a8RTwEACAAJJackie Frenchs Guide to Companion Planting in Australia and New Zealand; by Jackie Frenchhttp://www.librarything.com/work/2209675http://books.google.com/books?id=aAvWAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/25753761 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  37. 37. ~List of Companion Plants; by Frederic P Millerhttp://www.alibris.comhttp://books.google.com/books?id=y1EzygAACAAJMy Garden Companion: A Complete Guide for the Beginner, With a Special Emphasis on UsefulPlants and Intensive Planting in the Wayside, Dooryard, Patio, Rooftop, and Vacant Lot; by JamieJobbhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1129726http://books.google.com/books?id=MbhFAAAAYAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2681054 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comOrganic Gardening Books, Eco Farming Books, DVDs, Newsletter and Much Morehttp://www.acresusa.comPlanting The Future: Saving Our Medicinal Herbs; by Rosemary Gladstarhttp://www.librarything.com/work/4402479http://books.google.com/books?id=ndk42wxMBzUChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43894470 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comPrimer of Companion Planting: Herbs and Their Part in Good Gardening; by Richard B. Gregghttp://www.librarything.com/work/10966145http://books.google.com/books?id=ZtXIMAEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/153273738 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comPrinciples and Practice of Plant Conservation; by David R. Givenhttp://www.librarything.com/work/8843936http://books.google.com/books?id=tHvwAAAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28338097 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comRodales Successful Organic Gardening: Companion Planting; by Susan McClurehttp://www.librarything.com/work/204704http://books.google.com/books?id=nRdVNgAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29388690 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  38. 38. ~Sharing the Harvest: A Citizens Guide to Community Supported Agriculture; by Elizabeth Hendersonlibrarything.com/4557502 books.google.com/13sDbCIz0ooC worldcat.org/oclc/144328213http://localharvest.orgSecrets of Companion Planting: Plants That Help, Plants That Hurt; by Brenda Littlehttp://www.librarything.com/work/2596731http://books.google.com/books?id=byjoAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/148670035 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comSoil Mates: Companion Plants for Your Vegetable Garden; by Sara Alwayhttp://www.librarything.com/work/10746015http://books.google.com/books?id=TV_wRQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/690917742 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comSouth African Planting and Companion Planting Guide; by Jeannine Davidoffhttp://www.yahoo.com http://www.google.com http://www.bing.comSustainable Gardening, including: Raised Bed Gardening, Energy-efficient Landscaping,Permaculture, Masanobu Fukuoka, Companion Planting, Biological Pest Control, Leaf Mold, SpentMushroom Compost, Green Roof, Agroecology, Wildlife Garden, Mulch; by Hephaestus Bookshttp://books.google.com/books?id=qhaLtgAACAAJTending The Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of Californias NaturalResources; by M. Kat Andersonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1300650http://books.google.com/books?id=WM--vVFtnvkChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56103978 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comThe A-Z of Companion Planting; by Jayne Nevillehttp://www.librarything.com/work/10584295http://books.google.com/books?id=f80bQwAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/495273643 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  39. 39. ~The Best Gardening Ideas I Know: Foolproof way to start any seed, Compost piles that work,Practical companion planting, More vegetables in less space, Succession planting chart, Naturalweed controls, Mulching with weeds, Midsummer feeding; by Robert Rodalehttp://www.librarything.com/work/767913http://books.google.com/books?id=H3esPwAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6449670 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comClimate Change, Intercropping, Pest Control and Beneficial Microorganisms; by Eric Lichtfousehttp://books.google.com/books?id=RNsyKTwTfgYhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/489218897Intercropping And The Scientific Basis Of Traditional Agriculture; by Donald Quayle Innishttp://books.google.com/books?id=pPk4AQAAIAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37454497The Complete Book of Herbs: A Practical Guide to Cultivating, Drying, and Cooking With MoreThan 50 Herbs; by Emma Calleryhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1420424http://books.google.com/books?id=GehUsea2PqcChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30264455 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comThe Complete Guide to Companion Planting: Everything You Need to Know to Make Your GardenSuccessful; by Dale Mayerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/10080769http://books.google.com/books?id=32xpkvpXyvIChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/316834155 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comThe Cook and the Gardener: A Year of Recipes and Writings for the French Countryside; by AmandaHesserhttp://www.librarything.com/work/150161http://books.google.com/books?id=7mYoAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40354856 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  40. 40. ~The Ecology of Intercropping; by John H. Vandermeerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/12183339http://books.google.com/books?id=CvyyTVq_o70Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17202869 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comThe Huge Book of Organic Gardening and Companion Planting; by Billie Rexhttp://books.google.com/books?id=ZuKIZwEACAAJThe Natural Garden: A New Zealanders Guide to Companion Gardening, Natural Pest Control andSoil Health; by Michael Crookshttp://books.google.com/books?id=0oS6AQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/154277336Your Backyard Herb Garden: A Gardeners Guide to Growing Over 50 Herbs Plus How to Use Themin Cooking, Crafts, Companion Planting and More; by Miranda Smithhttp://www.librarything.com/work/217099http://books.google.com/books?id=Zxxm0awYC3QChttp://www.worldcat.or/oclc/34722846 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comSWAP your Books with Other Peoplehttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81071919http://www.calameo.com/books/00115999712e89ac6bda5
  41. 41. ~ORGANIC GARDENING TECHNOLOGIESINCREASING Plant Yields by over 400 PERCENThttp://www.scribd.com/doc/75160339http://www.calameo.com/books/0010511867e619fa5b018Remineralize your Soil ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://remineralize.orgSoil Regeneration with Volcanic Rock Dusthttp://calameo.com/books/00062163120384c54b373http://scribd.com/doc/30402511Volcanic Rock Dust added to soil can double plant or lawn growth.Compost Tea Making: For Organic Healthier Vegetables, Flowers, Orchards, Vineyards, Lawns; byMarc Remillardlibrarything.com/11197572 books.google.com/PZHObwAACAAJ worldcat.org/oclc/744677817A Worm Tea Primer: how to make and use worm tea for a vibrant organic garden; by CassandraTruax~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comhttp://vermico.comSoilSoup Compost Tea ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://soilsoup.comSoilSoup Compost Tea is an excellent soil builder and organic fertilizer.Soil Soup is very easy to handle and use.Growing Solutions ~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy Peoplehttp://www.growingsolutions.comZing Bokashi: Recycling Organic Waste with Effective Microorganisms (EM)http://www.zingbokashi.co.nzAn Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganismhttp://www.librarything.com/work/5162954http://books.google.com/books?id=drOMQQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54830842 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  42. 42. ~ORGANIC GARDENING and Eco Gardening~ Healthy Soil, Healthy Plants, Healthy PeopleAdvanced Aeroponics; by Chad Peterson~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.com20 Best Small Gardens: Innovative Designs for every Site and Situation ; by Tim Newburyhttp://www.librarything.com/work/2326033http://books.google.com/books?id=2i2qQgAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41925845 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com101 Ideas for Veg from Small Spaces: Delicious Crops from Tiny Plots; by Jane Moorehttp://www.librarything.com/work/8553786http://books.google.com/books?id=VcYUOgAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/288986247 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com101 Organic Gardening Tips; by Sheri Ann Richersonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/13168242http://books.google.com/books?id=UDI-YgEACAAJ~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.com300 of the Most Asked Questions About Organic Gardening; by Charles Gerras; Rodale OrganicGardening Magazinehttp://www.librarything.com/work/2720602http://books.google.com/books?id=94VFAQAAIAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/532445 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com365 Down-To-Earth Gardening Hints and Tips; by Susan McClurehttp://books.google.com/books?id=EvJL7JsrCq8Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/404439461,001 Old-Time Garden Tips: Timeless Bits of Wisdom on How to Grow Everything Organically,from the Good Old Days When Everyone Did; by Roger Yepsenhttp://www.librarything.com/work/368884http://books.google.com/books?id=UzQHAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53912298 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  43. 43. ~A Beginners Guide to Organic Vegetable Gardening: Introduction to Composting, Worm Farming,No Dig Raised and Wicking Gardens Plus More; by Mel Jeffreyshttp://www.librarything.com/work/13508623~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comA Brief Guide to Organic Gardening; by Irish Seed Savers Associationhttp://www.irishseedsavers.iehttp://www.google.com http://www.bing.comA Childs Organic Garden: Grow Your Own Delicious Nutritious Foods, Australia; by Lee Fryerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/3612052http://books.google.com/books?id=QFPfAQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20295655 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comA Guide to Organic Gardening in Australia; by Michael J. Roadshttp://books.google.com/books?id=ZNGaAQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27616780A Patch of Eden: Americas Inner-City Gardeners; by H. Patricia Hyneshttp://www.librarything.com/work/173800http://books.google.com/books?id=QqBHAAAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34410093 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comA Treatise on the Management of Peach and Nectarine Trees: Either in Forcing-Houses, or on Hotand Common Walls. Containing an Effectual and Easy Process for Preventing Them from BeingInfected with Any Species of Insects; by Thomas Kylehttp://books.google.com/books?id=kTREAAAAYAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/642622210http://www.echobooks.orgA Year on the Garden Path: A 52-Week Organic Gardening Guide; by Carolyn Herriothttp://www.librarything.com/work/5305327http://books.google.com/books?id=5y9VYgEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/60318976
  44. 44. ~Adobe and Rammed Earth Buildings: Design and Construction; by Paul G. McHenryhttp://www.librarything.com/work/984947http://books.google.com/books?id=q4GU71IMn3kChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9645321 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAdvanced Organic Gardening (Rodales Grow-It Guides); by Anna Carrhttp://www.librarything.com/work/2314163http://books.google.com/books?id=nhrSAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7925730 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAdvancing Biological Farming: Practicing Mineralized, Balanced Agriculture to Improve Soils andCrops; by Gary F. Zimmerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/11126192http://books.google.com/books?id=nifUZwEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/710981889Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba; by Maria Caridad Cruzhttp://www.librarything.com/work/2562094http://books.google.com/books?id=qySx0yq9Jd4Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53356977 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAgricultural Options of the Poor: A Handbook for Those Who Serve Them; by Timothy N. Mottshttp://www.echobooks.org http://www.google.com http://www.bing.comAll-Time Best Gardening Secrets; by the Editors of Organic Gardening Magazinehttp://www.librarything.com/work/1608013http://books.google.com/books?id=jpFHYAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23728857 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAllergy-Free Gardening: The Revolutionary Guide to Healthy Landscaping; by Thomas Leo Ogrenhttp://www.librarything.com/work/881332http://books.google.com/books?id=UnAlAQAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43919603 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  45. 45. ~Allotment Gardening: An Organic Guide For Beginners; by Susan Berger, the Organic Centre, Irelandhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1387210http://books.google.com/books?id=gtlYoks42I4Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/58456384~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comAlternatives to Peat; by Pauline Pearshttp://books.google.com/books?id=O6KaXwAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/316533298http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/223261303Amaranth to Zai Holes: Ideas for Growing Food Under Difficult Conditions; by Laura S. Meitznerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/4512527http://books.google.com/books?id=__RHAAAAYAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36561933 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAn Earth Saving Revolution (Volume 2) EM: Amazing Applications to Agricultural,Environmental, and Medical Problems; by Dr. Teruo Higa ~ EM = Effective Microorganismhttp://www.librarything.com/work/5162954http://books.google.com/books?id=drOMQQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54830842 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAny Size, Anywhere Edible Gardening: The No Yard, No Time, No Problem Way to Grow YourOwn Food; by William Mosshttp://books.google.com/books?id=G2D8TmIR_agChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/738347398~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comAnything Grows: Ingenious Ways To Grow More Food In Front Yards, Backyards, Side Yards, InThe Suburbs, In The City, On Rooftops, Even Parking Lots; by Sheryl Londonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1112076http://books.google.com/books?id=je44AQAAIAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10208434 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  46. 46. ~Apartment Gardening: Plants, Projects, and Recipes for Growing Food in Your Urban Home; byAmy Penningtonlibrarything.com/11367320 books.google.com/UNa9bwAACAAJ worldcat.org/oclc/759838812~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comAquaponic Gardening: A Step-By-Step Guide to Raising Vegetables; by Sylvia Bernsteinhttp://www.librarything.com/work/11672554http://books.google.com/books?isbn=1550924893http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/709681564~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comAsphalt to Ecosystems: Design Ideas for Schoolyard Transformation; by Sharon Gamson Dankshttp://www.librarything.com/work/9587254http://books.google.com/books?id=GzhxmxBsn5oChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/216936727 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comAttracting Native Pollinators: The Xerces Society Guide Protecting North Americas Bees andButterflieshttp://www.librarything.com/work/10501685http://books.google.com/books?id=iTwPEDL3nvMChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/535495615~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comAustralia and New Zealand Guide to Compost Gardening: A Guide to Gardening Without Digging:by David Hornblowhttp://www.librarything.com/work/8412440http://books.google.com/books?id=QyanAQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6910861 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBackyard Farming: Growing Your Own Fresh Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs in a Small Space; by LeeFosterhttp://www.librarything.com/work/8602055http://books.google.com/books?id=ZINjAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7307268 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBack to Eden; by Jethro Kloss - he was curing cancer in the 1930slibrarything.com/86035 books.google.com/blIQgUVUy_8C worldcat.org/28157353~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com
  47. 47. ~Backyard Organic Gardening in Australia; by Brenda Littlehttp://www.librarything.com/work/1004810http://books.google.com/books?id=KpGlYgEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/221117836 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBackyard Bounty: The Complete Guide to Year-Round Organic Gardening in the Pacific Northwest;by Linda A Gilkesonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/11026821http://books.google.com/books?id=xSOTCeV_m4gChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/669755016~ Kindle book ~ Nook book bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBalcony Gardening : Growing Herbs and Vegetables in a Small Urban Space; by Jeff Haasehttp://books.google.com/books?id=DrJ-lwEACAAJ~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comBasic Book of Cloche and Frame Gardening; by W E Shewell-Cooperhttp://books.google.com/books?id=YYmbAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4578165Basic Book of Natural Gardening; by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooperhttp://www.librarything.com/work/13211130http://books.google.com/books?id=oqTpRwAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6358555 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBasic Vegetable Gardening: Small-Scale Vegetable Production in Tropical Climates; by E.D. Adamshttp://www.google.comhttp://www.bing.comBest Ideas for Organic Vegetable Growing; by Glenn F. Johnshttp://www.librarything.com/work/368890http://books.google.com/books?id=p_V-ntrP768Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/54881 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  48. 48. ~Best Methods for Growing Fruits and Berries; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazinehttp://www.librarything.com/work/1608026http://books.google.com/books?id=SFwrlAEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6403713 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBetter Vegetable Gardens the Chinese Way: Peter Chans Raised-Bed System; by Peter Chanhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1361317http://books.google.com/books?id=TVsjAQAAMAAJBible Plants for American Gardens; by Eleanor Anthony Kinghttp://www.librarything.com/work/482448http://books.google.com/books?id=M1FfDLxT_DoChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1186027 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBig Ideas for Northwest Small Gardens; by Marty Wingatehttp://www.librarything.com/work/907983http://books.google.com/books?id=66yNsFIpGNoChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50252055 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBiodynamics for the Home Garden, New Zealand; by Peter Proctorhttp://www.librarything.com/work/9783978http://books.google.com/books?id=NQtlLwEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/819421004 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBiofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture; by Arun K. Sharmahttp://books.google.com/books?id=d7WOAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50390257Biological Transmutations; by C. Louis Kervranhttp://www.librarything.com/work/3248374http://books.google.com/books?id=FFoGAAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/560595 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBioshelter Market Garden: A Permaculture Farm; by Darrell Freylibrarything.com/10703491 books.google.com/Vx8enVBW5jwC worldcat.org/oclc/601130383~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com
  49. 49. ~Botanicas Organic Gardening: The Healthy Way to Live and Grow; by Judyth McLeond.http://www.librarything.com/work/157977http://books.google.com/books?id=5N1yjCNM8fIChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50730815 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comBreaking Through Concrete: Building an Urban Farm Revival; by David Hansonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/12241103http://books.google.com/books?id=pW1r0u95OLEChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/712114151~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comBuilding and Using Cold Frames; by Charles Siegchristhttp://www.librarything.com/work/44477http://books.google.com/books?id=_YZgFQ4fwSUChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6993581~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comBuilding Soils Naturally: Innovative Methods for Organic Gardeners; by Phil Nautahttp://books.google.com/books?id=aJdtMAEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/807332486Building With Cob: A Step-by-step Guide; by Adam Weismannhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1103587http://books.google.com/books?id=ri45AQAAIAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/66901843~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comBush-Fruits: A Horticultural Monograph of Raspberries, Blackberries, Dewberries, Currants,Gooseberries, and Other Shrub-Like Fruits; by Fred W. Cardhttp://books.google.com/books?id=NHP3f3W2hH0Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3547720~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comCharles Dowdings Vegetable Course; by Charles Dowdinghttp://www.librarything.com/work/12309906http://books.google.com/books?id=IPeNZwEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/762989736 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  50. 50. ~Chicos Organic Gardening and Natural Living; by Frank Bucarohttp://www.librarything.com/work/9228498http://books.google.com/books?id=G9axOAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/235155 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCity Bountiful: A Century of Community Gardening in America; by Laura J. Lawsonhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1327706http://books.google.com/books?id=lgopAQAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/58728578 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCity Peoples Book of Raising Food; by Helga Olkowskihttp://www.librarything.com/work/3501360http://books.google.com/books?id=t04WPwAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1177811 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCity Permaculture, Volume 1: Sustainable Living in Small Spaces; by Earth Garden Publicationhttp://www.google.comhttp://www.bing.comCity Permaculture, Volume 2; by Earth Garden Publicationhttp://www.google.comhttp://www.bing.comClay Soil Gardening - Australasian Edition; by Michael Carr~ Kindle book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.com yahoo.comCold-Climate Gardening; by Lewis Hillhttp://www.librarything.com/work/800344http://books.google.com/books?id=YYac91iUGr8Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14413823 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comComfrey: Fodder, Food and Remedy, United Kingdom; by Lawrence Donegan Hillshttp://www.librarything.com/work/6954118http://books.google.com/books?id=VfQ4AQAAIAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2212835 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  51. 51. ~Comfrey Report: The Story of the Worlds Fastest Protein Builder and Herbal Healer; by Lawrence D.Hillshttp://www.librarything.com/work/2404463http://books.google.com/books?id=BGc4RAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507087 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCommonsense Gardening in Australia: Organic Growing for All Gardeners ; by Panorama Bookshttp://www.librarything.com/work/4948078http://books.google.com/books?id=MtkAuAAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/27624021 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCommon Sense Organic Gardening; by Warner Fremont Bowerhttp://www.librarything.com/work/232881http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/796985Community Gardening, New Zealand; by Stephen Trinderhttp://books.google.com/books?id=WYrpLQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/156371596Complete Organic Gardening: A Comprehensive Guide to Better Gardening and Increased SelfSufficiency; by Jonathan Sturmhttp://www.librarything.com/work/6278906http://books.google.com/books?id=pFsAAQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28473558 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompost and Mulch Gardening; by Rodale Organic Gardening Magazinehttp://www.librarything.com/work/9660918http://books.google.com/books?id=0lrWAAAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/17358150 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comCompost Gardening: A New Time-Saving System for More Flavorful Vegetables, Bountiful Blooms,and the Richest Soil Youve Ever Seen; by by Wilfred Edward Shewell-Cooperhttp://www.librarything.com/work/1410958http://books.google.com/books?id=oHJlNQAACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1046147 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.com
  52. 52. ~Compost, Vermicompost, and Compost Tea; by Grace Gershunyhttp://www.librarything.com/work/9379681http://books.google.com/books?id=Xub8aChfFsIChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/676727212~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comComposting: The Ultimate Organic Guide to Recycling Your Garden, Australia; by Tim Marshallhttp://www.librarything.com/work/7930606http://books.google.com/books?id=lGpz4mFf6-QChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/252764840 bookfinder.com addall.com booksprice.comComposting for Manure Management; by The Staff of BioCyclehttp://books.google.com/books?id=U44dAQAAMAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41095726Composting Inside And Out: The Comprehensive Guide To Reusing Trash, Saving Money AndEnjoying The Benefits Of Organic Gardening; by Stephanie Davieshttp://www.librarything.com/work/10782998http://books.google.com/books?id=ITTfPbwXyNkChttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/661181266~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comCountry Wisdom and Know-How: Everything You Need To Know to Live Off the Land; by StoreyPublishinghttp://www.librarything.com/work/635434http://books.google.com/books?id=x1wezh3aP34Chttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/56513771~ Kindle book ~ Nook book allbookstores.com bing.com bookfinder.comContour Farming with Living Barriers; by World Neighborshttp://books.google.com/books?id=5sXdlAEACAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43935008http://www.echobooks.orgConverting to Organic Farming; by Nicolas Lampkinhttp://books.google.com/books?id=CPZHAAAAYAAJhttp://www.worldcat.org/oclc/23362983

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