North West Australia: Creating A Waterwise Cottage Garden - Water Corporation
nORTH WeST creating a cottage garden The information in this brochure is tailored to the North West region. This covers the Kimberley and Pilbara region, from Onslow, Paraburdoo and Newman upwards.Cottage gardens are often informal in layout, and usually contain MULCHInga combination of annuals, perennials, brightly flowering shrubs bare soil encourages weeds, wastes water and increases stressand herbaceous plants. there are plenty of waterwise plants upon plants. A waterwise mulch spread to a depth of 5 to 10cmthat will fit into a cottage garden style. For your cottage garden will reduce evaporation from the soil surface.it will also preventto be successful and rewarding you will need to carry out soil erosion, reduce weeds, reduce temperature fluctuation in theimprovement prior to planting, mulch after planting, and install soil, slowly break down over time to feed the soil and improvean efficient irrigation system. the overall appearance of the garden. A good waterwise mulch is one that has large, chunky pieces that hold little, if any, water.SOIL IMPROVeMenT Always keep mulch just clear of stems and trunks and beSoil improvement should be carried out prior to planting. prepared to spread more mulch over the surface as the materialthe best soil improver is organic matter. it dramatically increases breaks down to feed the soil.the moisture and nutrient holding capacity of sandy soil andencourages the all important soil micro fauna that are vital for IRRIgATIOnhealthy plant growth. the most efficient irrigation systems are those that deliverimproving the soil is a simple process: the right amount of water to the right place, at the right time,● Dig a hole 25 to 30cm deep and, at a minimum, with minimal wastage. the simplest and most efficient system 3 times the width of the pot. the wider the better. available to the home gardener is known variously as sub- irrigation, integrated dripper or in-line dripper. it is simple to● replace half the soil with organic matter. install and delivers water directly to the root system with little or● mix thoroughly and replace in the hole in a shallow no evaporative loss. For further information and expert assistance saucer shape. with irrigation, contact either your local Waterwise Garden● take the plant out of the pot and place in the bottom irrigator or Waterwise irrigation Design Shop. to find your closest of the saucer. Waterwise Specialist check on www.watercorporation.com.au● Water in well, applying a wetting agent if necessary. or call the Waterwise Helpline on 13 10 39. organic matter can be purchased as compost, HYdROZOnIng● soil improver or soil conditioner. Hydrozoning is grouping plants with similar water needsin addition to organic matter, the following can also together in an effort to be more water efficient. this is onebe incorporated into the soil at planting time: of the most important tools to conserve water in the garden,● bentonite clay (sandy soils only). and help save you money.● Gypsum (reactive clay soils only). For information on your watering days visit our website.● Spongelite and zeolite (all soil types). there are many waterwise plants available that are suitable● Water storage polymers sold as granules or in sealed bags. for your region.When looking for products for outside the home, keep your Your local Waterwise Garden Centres can assist with planteye out for the Smart Approved Watermark label selection and water needs. to find your closest Waterwise(Australia’s water conservation label, Garden Centre, check on www.watercorporation.com.auidentifying and promoting products or call the Waterwise Helpline on 13 10 39.and services which help save water). Smart Approved WaterMark CMYK Logo
Legend Hydrozone 1 Creating a Hydrozone 2 Hydrozone 3 (including vegetables, herbs & fruit trees) Lawn cottage garden Gravel Residence Path Alfresco Dc Ef Swf Stepping stones Lawn Pel Herbs & vegetables Ma Bird bath Ru Rockery Cv Ch Aga Pit Cr Ipo Ed Ems El Designs provided by Josh Byrne & Associates PLANT SPECIES (www.joshbyrne.com.au) Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Ground covers Ems Spotted Emu Bush Eremophila maculata* Cr Wild Jack Bean Canavalia rosea* Ru Coral Bush Russelia equisetiformis* Ipo Beach Morning Glory Ipomoea pes-caprae* Pel Tall Mulla Mulla Ptilotus exaltatus* Swf Sturts Desert Pea Swainsona formosa* Grasses/Strappy Leaf Plants Shrubs Aga Agave Agave attenuata Ch Cuphea Cuphea hyssopifolia Dc Flax Lily ‘Cassa Blue’ Dianella caerula Ef Burra Eremophila fraseri Trees Cv Bottlebrush ‘Little John’ Callistemon viminalis Ma Silver Cadjeput or Melaleuca argentea* Ed Slender Fuchsia Eremophila decipiens* Silver Leaved Paperbark El Berrigan Eremophila longifolia* Pit Pittosporum Pittosporum angustifolium* * These species are endemic to WA Remember, that by investing in waterwise planning and preparation of your garden now, you will reap the savings in the cost of water in the future.For more waterwise plants go to the Waterwise Plants for WA database on watercorporation.com.au under ‘Being Waterwise’.www.watercorporation.com.auISBN 1 74043 483 8 June 2011This information is available in alternative formats on request.