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How to make compost: New life for old soil                                                                                ...
How to make a keyhole garden:                                                                               How to make a ...
How to make plant tea:                                                                                 Top 10 water saving...
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Natural Gardening: Sustainable Techniques From Africa to Try in Your Garden - Send A Cow


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Natural Gardening: Sustainable Techniques From Africa to Try in Your Garden - Send A Cow

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Natural Gardening: Sustainable Techniques From Africa to Try in Your Garden - Send A Cow

  1. 1. Want to know more? • Book a speaker for your gardening club, Skills for life horticultural show or any other group meeting or event by emailing: By using our natural resources wisely, we in the UK speakers@sendacow.org.uk can cut our contribution to climate change and ease or calling: 01225 874 222. the burden on African farmers. • Read our Foundation Series repo rts on the Get involved in our Save Our Soil campaign to find environmental impact of our work, and on out more, or get started right now by ordering a sustainable organic agriculture – call us Save Our Soil Gift Pack, including: for copies on 01225 874 222 • One Bag Garden Starter Kit for you to grow • Visit our website: www.sendacow.or your own veggies. g.uk Contains one hessian sack, full instructions, details of how you can help Save Our Soil, and packets of beetroot, mustard, and dwarf French beans seeds. Send a Cow, The Old Estate Yard, • One gift of two days’ training in Newton St Loe, Bath BA2 9BR. sustainable organic agriculture for Registered charity number 299717 families in Africa. You will receive a gift card, and an Printed on recycled paper information card to explain how your gift could help poor farmers in Africa grow enough to feed their families.order form Yes, I am interested in how I can help Save Our Soil I would like to receive _____ Gift Packs at £20 each I would like to donate £___________ to Send a Cow I would like more information about Save Our Soil I would like to sign up for the Send a Cow e-newsletter Name: ________________________________________________________________________________________ Address: __________________________________________________________ Postcode: ____________________ Telephone: _____________________________________________________________________________________ Natural Gardening Email address: ___________________________________________________________________________________ Please debit my Visa / Mastercard / Maestro / Switch / Solo card for £____________________________________ Please make cheques Card number: payable to ‘Send a Cow’ Start date: / Expiry date: / Issue no. (Switch / Solo only): Gift Aid For every £1 that you give us, we can get extra money from the Inland Revenue. Just sign below, it is that simple. Sustainable techniques from Africa to try in your garden I’d like all donations I have made to Send a Cow in the last six years and all future donations to qualify for Gift Aid. Signature ___________________________________________________Date_______________________________ To qualify for Gift Aid, what you pay in income/capital gains tax must equal or exceed the amount Send a Cow will reclaim in the tax year (currently 28p for every £1 donated). We value your support and respect your privacy. We never sell or pass on your details to other organisations. We would like to be able to contact you in the future with information about our work and fundraising activities. Please tick here if you would prefer not to receive our newsletters and other communications Please tick here if you would like to receive Please tick here if you would prefer not to be contacted by us by telephone information about us by email NG 2009 Tear off this order form and return to: Send a Cow, The Old Estate Yard, Newton St Loe, Bath BA2 9BR. You can also phone us on 01225 874 222 or visit www.sendacow.org.uk/saveoursoil
  2. 2. How to make compost: New life for old soil Magic muck 1. Mark out an area 2m x 0.5m in“The principles of organic farming are “Feed the soil and the soil will feed a shady position. the same in the UK and Africa. It’s just you. Keep livestock and the livestock 2. Hammer 1.5m tall posts firmly into the some of the crops that are different.” will keep your crops.” ground at each corner. Timothy Njakasi, Agricultural Extension Officer, Patrick Fedrick Wangao, Tanzania. 3. Dig the earth about 8cm down, then till. Send a Cow Uganda. 4. Layer the following: Compost improves the structure and • Dry matter: to add carbon and imp About 70% of Africans depend for survival on rove water-holding capacity of the soil, and soil structure the food they can produce from their land. Yet average plot sizes are getting smaller, soil quality adds nutrients to it. It recycles household • Urine or water: to help the heap rot is deteriorating, and climate change is making and farmyard by-products – especially • Ash: to add potassium and aid brea kdown weather patterns less reliable. manure – and saves impoverished families • Animal droppings (fresh or dry): the expense of commercial fertiliser. to add As well as giving livestock, Send a Cow trains poor nutrients and improve structure rural families in natural farming methods that Andrew and Rose Odongo’s small patch of land in There are many ways to make compost: • Top soil: to introduce insects and worms enable them to grow more food without harming Uganda used to become parched in the dry season. this method (opposite) is taught in the • Green plant materials: for nutrient their land. The key principle is to integrate semi-arid region of eastern Uganda. In the s In the wet season, the rain would simply run off. 5. Keep layering until the heap is livestock and crops so nothing goes to waste – The family ate one meal a day. UK, make sure you keep it well covered to 1m high stop it becoming waterlogged. – the best height to achieve the perf whether that’s cow dung, vegetable peelings, or ect Since receiving Send a Cow training and a cow, composting temperature of 60°C . washing-up water. Simple – and cheap! Rose and Andrew (pictured above) use compost es a 6. Insert a long stick (a ‘stickometer The result: crop yields increase – sometimes four Enoch Pasire demonstrat ’!) to keep their soil moist. By incorporating it into diagonally through the heap, so it or five-fold – so families have more to eat and sell. stickometer, Uganda goes double dug beds, they get 13 baskets of tomatoes through all layers. They can grow new types of fruit and vegetables. a week instead of two, which they sell to pay for 7. Cover the heap so that importa Their improved land is less vulnerable to the spells school expenses and clothes. They have introduced nt gases and nutrients do not escape. of drought and flash flooding caused by climate other crops to their land to eat and sell – including change. They can save their soils, and gradually 8. Every week, pull out the stick . papaya, which they had previously thought If there is grow their way out of poverty for good. any white on the stick , this is fung impossible. us. Make a hole in the heap at the correspon These tried and tested techniques are based on ding Now the family eats three meals a day. They are all point, and pour in water. traditional organic methods updated with modern healthier, and the children no longer have to stay 9. After a few weeks, turn the heap scientific research. Why not adapt them for your home from school to work in the fields. . You no longer need to keep it in layers. Mak own garden? e sure Their plans for the future? “To widen our knowledge you turn it before the stickometer goes cool. of organic technology, ” says Rose. 10. Cover it again, and leave it unti l it looks like soil. The time needed depends on the Send a Cow is a Christian charity that enables poor farming families in sub- material you have used and the clim ate. Saharan Africa to become self-sufficient by providing them with livestock, training and advice. We work with some of the most vulnerable groups in Africa, including children orphaned by war, families affected by HIV/AIDS, and disabled people. www.sendacow.org.uk1 2
  3. 3. How to make a keyhole garden: How to make a bag garden: Unlocking the secrets Bags-for-life 1. Find a sunny area near your kitch 1. Put an empty tin with the two en. ends removed in “A keyhole garden has 2. Attach string to a wooden peg, “Now I have seen it is possible the bottom of a sack and fill the tin and place the peg with stones. revolutionised my vegetable where you want the centre of your to grow vegetables on my 2. Pack a mixture of soil and com garden to be. post (two parts production.” 3. Use the string to mark out two land I want to put bag gardens soil: one part compost) around the tin, then circles: an inner Nicola Hobbs, Suffolk, UK. one with a 0.5 metre radius, and an everywhere!” remove it. outer one with a 1.5 metre radius. Béatrice Baraminza, Rwanda. 3. Move the tin up, and repeat stag es one and two 4. Put posts approx 1.5m high in until your sack is filled with a central the ground around column of Keyhole (or kitchen) gardens Bag gardens are multi-storey vegetable stones surrounded by a soil-compost the inner circle and secure them with mix. are heaps of soil based around a string – this gardens in a sack, ideal for farmers is your compost basket. 4. Support your bag with two sturd compost basket that continually with a limited supply of water and y sticks either 5. Mark out the outer circle with large side to prevent it slumping. feeds the garden as it grows. rocks – this only a small plot of land. The central They’re a great way to get the most is the border of your keyhole garden. column of stones provides drainage and 5. Cut holes in the sides of the sack Add more . out of kitchen waste. They grow lots layers of rocks to raise the garden aeration. African families put them near 6. Plant your seeds or seedlings in (good for older the holes and on of vegetables in a small area, people or those with disabilities). their homes, where they can easily be the top. all year round. 6. Leave a ‘v’ shaped path approx. maintained by children. 7. Water your garden regularly from 0.5m wide for the top, directly access to the compost basket. onto the column of stones. This filte To order your own bag garden starter rs water 7. Fill the basket with a 1m high throughout the bag garden. pile of compost. kit, see back page. 8. Mix one part compost to two part 8. Harvest a regular supply of vege s top soil, and tables! heap around the basket so it slopes Béatrice Baraminza and her husband down in a dome shape towards the border. display one of their bag gardens 9. Plant up one section at a time to give yourself a continuous supply of vegetables.Keyhole gardens enable families in themountains of Lesotho to grow lush vegetables 10. Add kitchen waste to the compost basket, and water regularly when dry. The keyhole garden at Send a Cow’ s UK office, before planting 3 4
  4. 4. How to make plant tea: Top 10 water saving tips Survival of the fittest Every drop counts 1. Chop up a mix of soft, hairy and 1. Use compost in keyhole gardens, “I have never bought fertiliser for my “During the dry periods I used to buy double leguminous leaves (eg docks, comfrey dug trenches (see over), or just dug farm. I cannot afford it, and I know and clover). vegetables. These days I don’t buy into your soil. how bad it can be.” 2. Put into a bucket until the bucket vegetables even in the dry period. is 2. Use rainwater by creating a vege The kitchen garden is fertile because I table bed Helen Kongai, Uganda. three-quarters full. directly underneath an overhanging use compost with animal droppings.” roof (if Plant tea makes crops more resistant to disease, 3. Cover leaves with a mixture of one you don’t have a gutter), or by colle cting it is easy to make – and it’s free! Natural pesticides part animal urine to two parts wate Anastasia Awuor, Kenya. in a water butt. r mean fewer crops for pests, and more for the family. (or just water). 3. Mulch your plants with a layer of dried Remember, bugs can be good for your garden, so 4. Add a pinch of ash, and stir. grasses or leaves to stop the water only use pesticide as a last resort. 5. Cover and leave. evaporating. 6. Stir regularly until the leaves have 4. Set up a drip irrigation system by suspending plastic bottles or bagsHow to make natural pesticide: rotted down, which may take a few thirsty plants. Make tiny holes in the over pest.) weeks. Remove the leaves and put(Ingredients vary depending on the bottom so they release water grad them on your compost heap. ually,1. Crush up: letting it seep into the soil rather than 7. Cover the liquid, and leave in the (to kill ants, shade evaporate. • Seven cups of marigold leaves for 14 days. caterpillars, and nematod es) or 5. Dig trenches along the contours 8. Dilute the tea (one part tea to two of sloping aphids, land. This traps rainfall to prevent it • One cup of chilli (to kill ants, parts water) and pour one cup onto flowing beetles) or away and eroding the soil. caterpillars, and plant roots. c (to kill ants, 6. Use ‘grey’ water, such as washing • Seven bulbs or onions or garli -up or bath water. aphids, and caterpillars) or kill caterpillars). 7. Make a bag garden or a mandala • Six cups of tomato leaves (to Helen Kongai weeds onions watered by garden, which consists of double dug vege 2. Add five litres of water. rainfall from an overhanging roof, Uganda table beds in a ring around a central pit, der, a few with a 3. Add three spoons of baking pow trench to channel in rainwater. spoons of para ffin (optional), a piece of for sucking 8. Plant crops which need little wate biodegradeable soap, and wood ash as carrots and beetroot. r – such . insects (such as aphids and whitefly) want it 9. Shade your seedlings – by intercrop If you 4. Leave it for several days to soak. them with taller plants, or by mak ping it more quickly, boil everything up, and leave covered seed nursery. ing a for a day. 10. Make hollows around larger, pere Is this natural pesticide ‘organic’? nnial plants to trap rainwater. g practices are Views differ about which gardenin oach, and ‘organic’. We take a pragmatic appr locally available encourage farmers in Africa to use on commercial resources rather than spend money l amount of pesticides. Many farmers find a smal tive – but leave paraffin makes pesticides more effec it out if you are concerned. Bernard Osbutey makes plant tea, Ghana mandala garden, Uganda 5 Nuliat Chanda with her 6