Electronic journals and digital preservation

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This presentation will look at some of the threats to continuing access to electronic journal articles and how digital preservation schemes like LOCKSS can help librarians look after the content on which universities rely.

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Electronic journals and digital preservation

  1. 1. Electronic Journals and Digital Preservation at DMU<br />Aim: Update people on the challenges involved in the digital preservation of electronic journals and the steps DMU Library is taking to meet them.<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br /> By the end of the session, participants should have some idea of:<br />the preservation issues associated with print and electronic holdings.<br />the requirements that DMU may have for the digital preservation of electronic journals.<br />the differences between some of the current Digital Preservation schemes on offer.<br />the advantages and disadvantages of relying on LOCKSS for electronic journal digital preservation.<br />
  3. 3. Ah, the good old days..<br />
  4. 4. Holdings of printed journals.<br />Once added to stock, never discarded.<br />Catalogue as finding tool, if a little basic.<br />Only ever a small proportion of total research output.<br />Inter Library Loans an essential, but slow back-up service.<br />Researchers happy to travel to visit other libraries.<br />Articles torn out, issues never received, volumes sent for binding, etc. etc.<br />
  5. 5. Preservation of print holdings<br />Redundancy of international holdings across many libraries;<br />National Library for research and document supply service;<br />UK Research Reserve to locate the last 3 runs of any journal.<br />
  6. 6. O brave new world..<br />
  7. 7. DMU subscriptions to electronic journals<br />19,000 electronic journal subscriptions;<br />50,000 journals listed in A-Z list;<br />£480,000 spent on e-journals in 2008-9;<br />750,000 articles downloaded in 2008-9;<br />£3,000 spent on digital preservation initiatives in 2008-9.<br />
  8. 8. What are the threats?<br />Can we still have access to subscribed articles if we stop paying the subscription?<br />What happens if a publisher goes bust?<br />What happens if a publisher decides not to maintain a journal in their service?<br />Will we still be able to view current formats in the long-term?<br />
  9. 9. What does DMU require from a digital preservation service?<br />Teacher: I want to be able to rely on essential articles being available to support my teaching.<br />Researcher: I want to be able to look back on the recorded knowledge of the past.<br />Administrator: I want to ensure that the record of our research achievements is preserved.<br />Librarian: Where is that stuff we paid for?<br />
  10. 10. Digital Preservation requirements?<br />Hold a copy or subscribe to an insurance scheme?<br />Instant access or wait for response to a ‘trigger event’?<br />Rely on co-operative shared effort or outsource to a provider?<br />Concern mainly for expensive subscribed journals or vulnerable open-access/small publications?<br />Preserve everything we can or everything we need?<br />
  11. 11. Digital Preservation Schemes<br />Portico: An insurance scheme.<br />British Library: A national legal deposit scheme (legislation not enacted yet).<br />KB (KoninklijkeBibliotheek): Dutch national scheme, includes Elsevier.<br />CLOCKSS: publisher-friendly scheme for public benefit.<br />LOCKSS: Libraries share responsibility for preservation.<br />
  12. 12. Digital Preservation support services<br />PEPRS: Piloting An E-Journals Preservation Registry Service. <br />http://edina.ac.uk/projects/peprs/<br />PECAN: Pilot for Ensuring Continuity of Access via NESLi2 http://edina.ac.uk/projects/pecan/<br />
  13. 13. More about LOCKSS<br />‘Lots Of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe’.<br />http://lockss.stanford.edu/lockss/Home<br />UK LOCKSS Alliance<br />http://edina.ac.uk/lockss/<br />Archival Units preserved at DMU<br />http://slate.blue.dmu.ac.uk:8080/<br />
  14. 14. LOCKSS<br />Looking after stuff the library cares about.<br />Open-source software.<br />Library community effort.<br />Development and technical support from UK helpdesk.<br />UK LOCKSS Alliance membership cooperative.<br />DMU participated in original pilot project.<br />DMU staff member on UK LOCKSS Alliance Steering Committee.<br />
  15. 15. Advantages of LOCKSS<br />Archive held inside DMU.<br />Cooperative verification to ensure integrity.<br />Collection Development decisions taken by librarians.<br />Open source software development.<br />Integrates with OpenURL Resolver or University Proxy.<br />Preserves content direct from Internet.<br />
  16. 16. Example of preserved content in LOCKSS<br />
  17. 17. Sage Journals<br />Journal Downloads(2009) LOCKSS vols.<br />Probation Journal 1187 52-55*<br />Criminology and Criminal Justice 319 5-9 <br />Critical Social Policy 273 25-29 <br />Media, Culture & Society 266 27-31* <br />Urban Studies 232 None<br />Work, Employment & Society 208 19, 21-23*<br />Journal of Social Work 187 5-9<br />Youth Justice 179 5-9* <br />Journal of Health Psychology 166 10-14*<br />Child Language Teaching and Therapy 159 23-25*<br />* Still being collected 27/05/2010 <br />
  18. 18. Disadvantages of LOCKSS<br />Limited range of publishers support it.<br />Not every journal or volume can be archived.<br />Link to OpenURL Resolver still being developed.<br />Link to University Proxy difficult to achieve.<br />Library staff time and effort put into collection development and technical maintenance.<br />Just the one basket for all our eggs?<br />
  19. 19. What would have been lost?<br />LOCKSS Program Preserves the Journal Series "Pain Reviews“ October 2009<br />Continuing Online Access to Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention Available through LOCKSS and CLOCKSS April 2009<br />Graft and Auto/Biography preserved and made accessible by CLOCKSS<br />

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