Bernd Kosch - Visit 2010 - Energy Efficiency by ICT


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Bernd Kosch - Visit 2010 - Energy Efficiency by ICT

  1. 1. VISIT 2010 – Fujitsu Forum Europe 1
  2. 2. Technology & Trends – Room 4 Shaping Energy-Efficiency BY ICT – tomorrow with you. Status and Perspectives p Dr. Bernd Kosch Head of Environmental Technology, Fujitsu Technology Solutions 9:00 hVISIT 2010 – Fujitsu Forum Europe
  3. 3. Energy-Efficiency by ICT Status d P St t and Perspectives ti Dr. Bernd Kosch November 25 2010 25,VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 4 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  4. 4. The Different Faces of Green ICT Environmental optimization of ICT products Hazardous materials / Resource-efficiency / Waste (Recycling) Product-lifecycle CO2-aspects (PCF, LCA) Energy-efficiency / CO2-reduction in ICT Hardware-aspects and systems-management ICT-Concepts / -architectures (virtualisation) Efficiency-aspects in data center facility Energy-efficiency / CO2-reduction by ICT Direct potentials for power-grids / buildings / traffic, indirect effects by factor-substitution in business processes (materials, travel, space) Assessment methods to quantify the enabling effects of ICT Transparency by applying “carbon management“ carbon managementVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 5 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  5. 5. Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) Fujitsu had started a PCF project in our A F ji h d d j i Augsburg b factory location in January, 2010. Completion was in Sptember This project has been a cooperative effort with bifa, a German environmental institute (f G i t l i tit t (founded b th state d d by the t t of Bavaria), and Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft a recognized German public research organization Major findings have been achieved in measurability, carbon characteristics of different product groups and prerequisites of PCF-reporting ISO reporting standards (14067) are expected to become available in 2012VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 6 6 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  6. 6. Energy-Efficiency IN ICT – some examples 0-Watt PC 0W Patented technology to switch PC to de0p-sleep standby-mode (at 0 Watt power consumption) while system remains centrally manageable Zero-Client Zero Client Client-virtualization enabling PC-user-experience without any local CPU-power. Standard configuration uses 8 Zero-Clients per (server-) CPU-core. This translates into net PC-power reduction of about 90%. New Data Center for a customer in the German public sector Expected PUE: 1 25 E t d PUE 1.25 3.4 MW total electrical power on 400 square meters machine- room floor 2.7 – 6 kW power per square meter Completed on target date October 30, 2010 (built from scratch in 7 months) INTERNAL USE ONLYVISIT 2010 – Fujitsu Forum Europe 77 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  7. 7. CO2 Reduction by Green Policy Innovation Reduction of environmental load of ICT infrastructure, and reduction by utilization of ICT (global, short-term) Global target FY2009-2012 cumulative 15 million tons OF ICT BY ICT Environmental load reduction Environmental load reduction cumulative 3 million tons cumulative 12 million tonsVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 8 8 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  8. 8. Evaluation Method for ICT Solutions Quantitative analysis Use of paper (documents) and CD etc. of CO2 emissions Resource Use Travel Movement by train, bus and car etc. Supply Chain & Transportation by truck and train etc. Transportation Office Space Space for person and IT equipment etc. Warehouse & Keeping documents and goods other storage space Power Consumption Po er Cons mption Electricity consumed by ICT equipment of ICT Equipment Data Space for person and IT equipment etc. Communication Before After implementation implementation Database of CO2 Intensity/UnitVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 9 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  9. 9. Implemented Environmental ICT Solutions Method for CO2 impact assessment published in the Fujitsu Scientific & Technical Journal (FSTJ), vol 45(1), 2009 http://www fujitsu com/downloads/MAG/vol45- 1/paper12.pdf More than 200 solutions / cases have been assessed assessed, grouped in 14 categories So far, all implementations are in Japan Rollout of specific applications to other regions presently i R ll f ifi li i h i l in planning / preparation stage First examples described in English, published in the Fujitsu CSR Report 2009 R These applications constitute the basis for the CO2 reduction commitments “BY IT” of Fujitsu Efforts to standardize the assessment method through industry consortia (e.g. ITU) are under wayVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 10 10 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  10. 10. Emerging Climate Related ICT-BusinessVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 11 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  11. 11. Climate Crisis Enables New ICT-Markets Recent studies, lik the “SMART2020” i di R di like h “SMART2020”, indicate that ICT h has significant potential to enable CO2 reduction in industrialized economies For Germany, the ICT related potential alone is expected to be sufficient to satisfy the 2020 CO2 reduction targets requested by the UN IPCC (raise (BAU) 31% to 40% relative to 1990 baseline)) The leading target sectors for ICT-related climate protection are Transport / Buildings / Power- Distribution. Distribution While part of the theoretical CO2 reduction potential is enabled by market forces, the majority will require forces changes in political boundary-conditions for business- activity in Europe Industry associations assist politics by analysis / suggestions. At the EU-level this is the charter of theVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 12 12 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  12. 12. New Technologies Enabling “Green BY ICT” Application-level technologies Software In new vertical application fields like electricity meter (data) management real-time billing and demand-side management, real time demand side management, advanced buildings control or continuous monitoring of trucks Many such applications give rise t new f M h li ti i i to forms and t i of d topics f highlevel-services generated in the cloud Hardware technologies like digital metering devices, on-board g g g units in trucks and various sensors, e.g. in buildings Sensor network Sensor-network technologies Sensor networks can be very large and constitute a new form “internet-like” communication structures (“Internet of Things” (IOT)) Such networks need new forms of cost-efficient, reliable base technology that can enable simple forms of deployment and can adjust to changing environmentsVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 13 13 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  13. 13. WisReed Sensor-Network Communication Is a new ad hoc routing protocol that automatically ad-hoc performs network communication and restores itself in an event of failure Uses the DADR 2) routing algorithm which enables superior scalability compared to AODV, OLSR (1000 notes per gateway), gateway) additional gateways to enable social infrastructures quick auto restoration: each node monitors the quality of communication with the surrounding nodes and learns the optimal communication route. Instantaneous switching to route provide stable communication. Is also applicable to wired networks pp Can provide a basis for several application areas in “Green-BY-IT”, particularly in SMART buildings, SMART Grid (last mile communication) 1) Name coined from “Wise” and “Reed”, inspired by a famous Blaise Pacal quote: “Man is but a reed the most feeble thing in nature but he is a Man reed, nature, thinking reed”. 2) DADR = Distributed Autonomous Depth-First Routing (Fujitsu proprietary)VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 14 14 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  14. 14. Fujitsu’s value-add to Smart NetworksFujitsu has developed a proprietary and competitive technology in ad hoc networking for ad-hoc sensor networks. It is backed by middleware and process engine that can handle large amounts of sensing data. Sensor Ad-Hoc Network Datacenter Technology Value Chain IC Sensing Access Network Base Network Process Sensor Connecting Business Application/ Device Device (PAN/LAN) (MAN/WAN) Sensing Data Application Accuator Fujitsu’s Technological Advantage y Sensor ADSL,FTTH,Mobile Sensor Data Proce Engine Chip Wireless Ad-Hoc Sensor Meter Data AMR System Coms Device Network PC Middle- Meter Data CRM System Ca e Grade Carrier G ade ware n ess WEB Cam Coms Device Wired Ad-Hoc Security Security System Coms Device Datacenter Wireless AP : : Proprietary Ad-Hoc Protocol (Ad-Hoc Engine) Middleware Technology Sensor Network Middleware Technology Enable large scale network configuration which other routing methods Efficient and fast data collection from numerous / various sensors (AODV, OLSR) cannot do. Easy sensor installation with plug & play function Autonomous rerouting and failure point detection Real-time N/W configuration & traffic monitoring / control Ad-Hoc Engine Router Data Process Engine Data Process Engine Easy set up. (No protocol setting=Setting Free) up Enable real time processing to accommodate to various changes High speed routing(10Gbps or more) Can easily develop sensor connecting application Detect congested and cut off area, and reroute to secure network Easy to use, reusable templatesVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 15 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  15. 15. Network Infrastructure for SMART Grid Pilot successfully completed Based on cooperation with a select utility provider More th 1400 wireless (WiFi) nodes i an urban environment M than i l d in b i t Joint press-release with Fuji Electric ( p j (Tokyo, March 26, 2010): y ) 01.html Peripheral network constituted by ad-hoc network ad- Backbone network Data Center Gateway Device Data Collection Server Surveillance Server Network surveillance Ad-hoc route construction Communication control Security-measures s Interference measures counter-measures Surveillance for Terminated at each gateway node-availabilityVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 16 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  16. 16. Political Activity by FUJITSU in Europe ICT4EE Forum (Digital Europe) Participation in all three working groups (WG) and in steering committee Chairman (Bernd Kosch) of WG 2 (Enabling effect of ICT) Present WG 2 status and roadmap: • finalized the discussion on taxonomy, p y, priorities and g group- p substructure • Staring the discussion on assessment methodologies to quantify the carbon-reduction effect of ICT-applications and –processes • Staring the process of liaison with vertical industry associations (buildings sector (October), transport sector (November), energy sector (February)) • P iti cooperation with the European Commission Positive ti ith th E C i i ITU-T Associate Rapporteur (Takafumi Hashitani) in SG5 (Environment and Climate Change) In Germany: Green IT Allianz (BITKOM) Chairman (Bernd Kosch) of WG 1 (Enabling effect of ICT) WG 1 has created a recommendations paper for the German INTERNAL USE ONLYVISIT 2010 – Fujitsu Forum Europe 17 17 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  17. 17. External Assessment of the ICT Industry* Gartner / WWF Report G The second report (first was 2008) of this sort from the leading analyst firm and the biggest NGO on the subject: Low Carbon Low-Carbon and Environmental Leadership in the ICT Industry, October 22, 2010 Comprehensive report on „GREEN IN and BY ICT”, as well as companies’ own environmental performance“, 113 items in a questionnaire covering 9 dimensions, global scope, analysis took about 1 year FUJITSU input was provided in global cooperation (FAI, FJ, FANZ, FTS, UK&I), FTS coordinated the response and was the communication interface (Gartner/WWF were working out of the UK and Sweden). Initial input process , clarifications and discussion took approximately6 months 28 ICT companies were invited, from all areas of ICT: Hardware, Software, Services Telecom Software Services, Telecom. 19 participants, 9 refused to participants answerVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 18 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  18. 18. Ranking Results* Ranking results ki l Aggregated into one „All-round“ score and 4 special scoring areas: • „Transformation BY IT“ / „Transformation IN IT“ • „Internal environmental performance“ / „Supply chain“ FUJITSU results (out of 28 invited ICT companies) Number 2 position in the overall ranking • Number 1 position in Transformation IN IT“ • Number 1 position in „Internal environmental performance“ • Number 7 p position in „ „Transformation BY IT“ • Number 6 position in „Supply chain“VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 19 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  19. 19. Ranking Results - Details * Source: Gartner Inc., Summary Report: Low Carbon and Environmental Leadership in the ICT Industry, Simon Mingay, Dennis Pamlin, October 22, 2010VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 20 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  20. 20. Summary and Perspectives ICT has already enabled many f h l d bl d forms of CO2 reduction f d ti Many solutions, implemented to maximize business efficiency, have a CO2 reducing side-effect: Supply-Chain-Management is an examplel However, there is no accepted, standardized assessment methodology yet, to quantify the CO2 impact. FUJITSU has created a proposal l The climate crisis is creating new, very big ICT-markets with strong business potential in the SMART sectors Smart Grid will probably soon be the biggest overall ICT market at all Critical dates in the climate discussion are 2015 (peak), 2020 (- ( 40%) Fujitsu has strong innovation, enabling substantial new j g g business opportunities in SMART sectors Chip-level technology for Smart Grid and Smart Buildings Middleware platform for a variety of sensor networks (As-a-) service software technology, e.g. in Smart Traffic/Logistics FUJITSU is a leader in environmental contribution andVISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 21 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU
  21. 21. VISIT 2010 – FujitsuUSE ONLY INTERNAL Forum Europe 22 Copyright 2010 FUJITSU