Hawai‘i Wetlands and                 the Pacific Island Plant             Restoration (PIPR) DatabaseChristopher F. Puttoc...
Evolution of the PIPR project   2003 COE workshop provided need   2004 Hawai‘i riparian plant restoration   v.1.0    (Cr...
What’s in the Database I    A decision key based on 24 multi-state    attributes   Scoring of species on life requirement...
What’s in the Database I    A decision key based on 24 multi-state    attributes   Scoring of species on life requirement...
What’s in the Database II   155 plant species in the PIPR database   104 are native to Hawai‘i and 22 introduced   91 i...
What’s in the Database II   155 plant species in the PIPR database   104 are native to Hawai‘i and 22 introduced   91 i...
Restoration of Hawaiian WetlandsGoals of wetland restoration Restoring for control of invasive plants Restoring for Hawa...
Restore to this?
Or restore to this?     Whatever we do it should benefit . . .
Wetlandsfor wildlife
How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands                      Today    ...
How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands                      Today 1000...
How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands                      Today 1000...
How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands                      Today* 100...
So what did Hawai‘i’s prehistoricwetlands really look like? Typical transect Mudflats Sedgeland with few forbs Loulu or...
Loulu         HalaNativeSedges
Loulu         HalaNativeSedges                        Water table
© L.M. Crago
Cyperus laevigatus   Ps. Makaloa is really good for making mats© L.M. Crago
Hala woodland on lava
NO MORE LOULU FOREST
Restore Kawainui Marsh?Let’s remove the floating introduced weeds
Kawainui WetlandsKawainui Lake
Typical modern wetland transect
Non-native       NativeNon-native
Why do we treat Loulu like coconut palms                         - as feature trees
A dense planting of Loulu
Pritchardia martii
Loulu on Nihoa
Monotypic stands (forests) ofLoulu ~ 100% shade
Monotypic stands (forests) ofLoulu ~ 100% shadeVirtually none left in Hawai‘iWhy? Rapid demise of all Louluspecies in Hawa...
Nutritious fruit (especially for rats)                         Pritchardia martii
To improve the survival for these Loulu …..© L.M. Crago
To improve the survival for these Loulu …..                          …..try this density
Playing the PIPR Database   Pacific Island 2008 v.2.0 LucID 3 for PC or    Mac (155 species)     http://hawaiiconservati...
Acknowledgements   Laura Crago (primary author    of the series)   Michael Robotham and    Greg Koob (NRCS)   Jody Smit...
Hydric soils map
Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database
Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database
Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database
Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database
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Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database

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Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database

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Transcript of "Hawaii Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration Database"

  1. 1. Hawai‘i Wetlands and the Pacific Island Plant Restoration (PIPR) DatabaseChristopher F. Puttockand Laura M. CragoHCC 2008
  2. 2. Evolution of the PIPR project 2003 COE workshop provided need 2004 Hawai‘i riparian plant restoration v.1.0 (Crago, Puttock & James) 2005 Hawai‘i riparian plant restoration v.2.0 (Crago, Puttock & James) 2006 W Pacific Island plant restoration v.1.0 (Crago & Phillipson) 2008 Pacific Island plant restoration v.2.0 (Crago & Puttock)
  3. 3. What’s in the Database I A decision key based on 24 multi-state attributes Scoring of species on life requirements  What the plant needs to thrive. Site attributes?Photo © D.A. Polhemus
  4. 4. What’s in the Database I A decision key based on 24 multi-state attributes Scoring of species on life requirements  What the plant needs to thrive. Site attributes? Scoring of species on restoration project requirements  What are your goals? Desired attributes?
  5. 5. What’s in the Database II 155 plant species in the PIPR database 104 are native to Hawai‘i and 22 introduced 91 in Hawai‘i riparian (OBL to FACU) 56 in Hawai‘i wetlands (OBL to FAC)
  6. 6. What’s in the Database II 155 plant species in the PIPR database 104 are native to Hawai‘i and 22 introduced 91 in Hawai‘i riparian (OBL to FACU) 56 in Hawai‘i wetlands (OBL to FAC) Basic floristic information (description, distribution, habitat, habitat indicator, images) Pests and Diseases Soil Reactivity Propagation and Trials Wildlife benefits
  7. 7. Restoration of Hawaiian WetlandsGoals of wetland restoration Restoring for control of invasive plants Restoring for Hawaiian (agri)culture Restoring for native plants Restoring for native wildlife
  8. 8. Restore to this?
  9. 9. Or restore to this? Whatever we do it should benefit . . .
  10. 10. Wetlandsfor wildlife
  11. 11. How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands Today  Aquatic herbs 20  Ferns 15  Woody plants 38  Dicot herbs 42  Monocot herbs 16  Sedges 35  Grasses 27
  12. 12. How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands Today 1000bp  Aquatic herbs 20 2  Ferns 15 5  Woody plants 38 7  Dicot herbs 42 5  Monocot herbs 16 1  Sedges 35 12  Grasses 27 1
  13. 13. How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands Today 1000bp 2000bp  Aquatic herbs 20 2 2  Ferns 15 5 4  Woody plants 38 7 5  Dicot herbs 42 5 3  Monocot herbs 16 1 0  Sedges 35 12 12  Grasses 27 1 1
  14. 14. How different are today’swetlands from the pastPlant biodiversity in HI’s lowland wetlands Today* 1000bp 2000bp  Aquatic herbs 20 2 2  Ferns 15 5 4  Woody plants 38 7 5  Dicot herbs 42 5 3  Monocot herbs 16 1 0  Sedges 35 12 12  Grasses 27 1 1*~800% increase in wetland plant biodiversity
  15. 15. So what did Hawai‘i’s prehistoricwetlands really look like? Typical transect Mudflats Sedgeland with few forbs Loulu or Hala forests
  16. 16. Loulu HalaNativeSedges
  17. 17. Loulu HalaNativeSedges Water table
  18. 18. © L.M. Crago
  19. 19. Cyperus laevigatus Ps. Makaloa is really good for making mats© L.M. Crago
  20. 20. Hala woodland on lava
  21. 21. NO MORE LOULU FOREST
  22. 22. Restore Kawainui Marsh?Let’s remove the floating introduced weeds
  23. 23. Kawainui WetlandsKawainui Lake
  24. 24. Typical modern wetland transect
  25. 25. Non-native NativeNon-native
  26. 26. Why do we treat Loulu like coconut palms - as feature trees
  27. 27. A dense planting of Loulu
  28. 28. Pritchardia martii
  29. 29. Loulu on Nihoa
  30. 30. Monotypic stands (forests) ofLoulu ~ 100% shade
  31. 31. Monotypic stands (forests) ofLoulu ~ 100% shadeVirtually none left in Hawai‘iWhy? Rapid demise of all Louluspecies in Hawai‘i c.1500 yrs bpBuilding materials for thatchingand posts
  32. 32. Nutritious fruit (especially for rats) Pritchardia martii
  33. 33. To improve the survival for these Loulu …..© L.M. Crago
  34. 34. To improve the survival for these Loulu ….. …..try this density
  35. 35. Playing the PIPR Database Pacific Island 2008 v.2.0 LucID 3 for PC or Mac (155 species)  http://hawaiiconservation.org Supersedes Hawai‘i Riparian 2005 v.2.0 LucID 2 for PC (103 species)  http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/botany/riparian/ Need Assistance with LucID  http://lucidcentral.com
  36. 36. Acknowledgements Laura Crago (primary author of the series) Michael Robotham and Greg Koob (NRCS) Jody Smith (UH, networking) More than 100 field conservationists from Federal State and private agencies around the Pacific Mariza Silva (HCA website)
  37. 37. Hydric soils map
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