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Cyprus

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For my Geed 162 Course

For my Geed 162 Course

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology

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  • 1. Fuat SUMER 071635 ‘Conflict in Cyprus ’ in 20th century Yesterday , Today , Tomorrow on the Cyprus… 1
  • 2. Location Of Cyprus 1 2
  • 3. Location Of Cyprus 2 • Cyprus is located in the Middle East, Asia. • It is an island in the Mediterranean. • South of Turkey. West of Syria and Lebanon. Israel to the southeast, Egypt to the south, and Greece to the west- north-west. 75 kms South of Turkey • 105 kms West of Syria • 380 kms North of Egypt • 800 kms from the Greek Mainland. • 3
  • 4. A Short History • 330 BC to AD 58 - Hellenistic Rule • AD 58 to 395 - Romans Rule • 395 to 647 - Byzantine Rule • 647 to 965 - Arab Influence • 1192 to 1571 - Venetians Influence • 1571 - Turkish Rule • 1878 - Turks Cede Cyprus to Britich Colonial Rule • 1914 -British annexation of island – When Turkey sided with Germany During WW1 • 1925 - Formally declared British Crown Colony – Turkey Formally renounced all Controls • 1960 - First President of Independent Cyprus • 1983 - Turks proclaim Turkish Republic of Cyprus • 2004 - Cyprus Become part of EU 4
  • 5. Geo – Demo Characteristics • Area: 9,251 km2 – 3rd Largest Mediterranean Island(1.Sicily , 2.Sardinia) • Official Languages: Greek , Turkish , English widely spoken • Capital : Nicosia ( GR: Lefkosia, TR Lefkoşa • Currency: Euro , TL , Pound(£) • Religion(s) : Greek Cypriots are Greek Orthodox, Turkish Cypriots are Muslim, also small groups of Jews, Baha’i, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Maronite, and Armenian Apostolic. 5
  • 6. Present Population • The population of Cyprus ( in July 2009) is 796,740. • The population is mostly Greek(78%), followed by Turkish (18%), and lastly, other (5%). 6
  • 7. Brief History Of Turks on Cyprus • In 1570, a full scale conquest under Piyale Pasha with 60,000 troops brought the island under Ottoman Control. • The island remained under Ottoman rule for the next three centuries. 7
  • 8. Brief History Of Greeks on Cyprus • The ancient Greeks and Phoenicians colonized Cyprus. • Cyprus changed hands several times after Greeks but they came back to Cyprus after the conquest of Ottoman Empire . 8
  • 9. Brief History Of Great Britain on Cyprus In 1878, the Ottoman Empire • ceded Cyprus to Great Britain so that Russian ambitions in the Mediterranean could be checked. During World War one, Cyprus was formally annexed by Great Britain as a result of the Ottoman Empire's decision to become an ally of Germany. n 1923, British rule over • Cyprus was formalized by the Treaty of Lausanne while Turkey formally renounced all claims to Cyprus. 9
  • 10. What are the Reasons of conflict? • Autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus expressed their desire for quot;enosisquot; between Cyprus and Greece. • The movement for quot;enosisquot; ceased until the 1950's as a result of British hostility and repression. • Many Turkish Cypriots were killing from the Greeks day by day. • In 1964, a United Nations peace force was sent to the island and secured a cease-fire. The truce was occasionally broken by clashes between the two sides. • Turkey made a Peace operation(Barış Harekatı) On 20 july 1974 to protect the Turkish cypriots from the Greek Cypriots. 10
  • 11. Effects on Turks •Turkish Cypriots were protect From the Greek Cypriots , their Crime ana their Hellenistic ideas. •Creation of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.Leader:Rauf Dentaş 1964: Don McCullin was covering the conflict in Cyprus for The Observer newspaper when he took this picture of a Turkish woman who has discovered her  husband’s body. 11
  • 12. Effects on Greeks • Some Greek people were Lost in the war. • Greek Cypriots were stop the ‘enosis’ which is integration with Greece and establish a Hellen State. 12
  • 13. Effects for Each Side • The last divided capital city in the world is Nicosia, Cyprus. • Armed soldiers line each side of a buffer zone, with Greeks living on one side and Turks on the other. • It became a very important issue For Turkey to Join EU in 15 years but south Cyprus joined EU. • Many people lost their families , goods and homes… 13
  • 14. Where are we now and Possible Solutions? • Today,both sides started to peace talks. If Both sides make an equal agreement the peace will come. If the island achieves unification, both sides have much to gain. In addition to reducing poverty in the north by way of its integration into the EU, many Greek refugees who fled south in 1974 may finally have the opportunity to return home. But Cyprus today might be closer to a solution than ever before… We seek peace, knowing that peace is the climate of freedom and Ease. 14
  • 15. Pictures of Famagusta 15
  • 16. Pictures of Kyrenia 16
  • 17. Pictures From Nicosia 17
  • 18. Bibliography for Sites • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/cy.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Cyprus • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus_under_the_Otto man_Empire • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Cyprus • http://history.howstuffworks.com/asian- history/history-of-cyprus.htm • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_history_of_Cyp rus 18
  • 19. Bibliography for Pictures 1 • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Cyprus_ topo.png (Physical map of Cyprus) • http://cns.miis.edu/research/cyprus/region.gif ( Location Of Cyprus) • http://www.dzkk.tsk.mil.tr/images/tarihce/PiyalePasa.JPG (Piyale Pasa) • http://www.ntimages.net/Maps_Sat-views/cyprus-600.jpg • http://www.costumes.org/history/greece/1882ancientgreece2.j pg (Greek People) • http://homepage.ntlworld.com/rob.latchford/PSB/Army07PSBC vr.jpg (British Army) • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/tr/2/21/Sarayonu_Lefko sa.JPG (Turkish tank) • http://www.magusa.org/Arsiv/farsiv.htm ( Famagusta Pictures) • http://www.girnebelediyesi.com/photogallery/ ( Kyrenia) 19
  • 20. Bibliography for Pictures 2 http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.pigbird. • com/images/press/4.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.pigbird.com/i mages_press5.html&usg=__pwRr1fj60u9bZ0I9BOWoByx4LgQ =&h=400&w=600&sz=65&hl=en&start=18&um=1&tbnid=v2V uugEmRiaX3M:&tbnh=90&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3 Dconflict%2Bin%2Bcyprus%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26um %3D1 http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikim • edia.org/wikipedia/en/8/8a/Greek_Cypriot_prisoners_taken_to _Adana_camps_Turkey_.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.middleeas tinfo.org/forum/index.php%3Fshowtopic%3D14874&usg=__p 8ma8PNybTqzjGP- UdCUwApQk8k=&h=444&w=600&sz=86&hl=en&start=25&um =1&tbnid=uN2T3HTI8MmuAM:&tbnh=100&tbnw=135&prev=/i mages%3Fq%3DGreek%2Bperson%2Bbefore%2B1974%26nd sp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um %3D1 http://www.sentezhaber.com/yazi_resim/lefkos.jpg • 20