The Many Good Reasons for Open Educational Resources: Why Universities should adopt Open Policies Frederik Truyen, OER-HE stakeholder workshop, March 2011
Open Education ...is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
OCW "The Open Courseware concept is based on the philosophical view of knowledge as a collective social product and so it is also desirable to make it a social property." V. S. Prasad, Vice-Chancellor - Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, India
OER Initiatives open courseware and content; open software tools (e.g. learning management systems); open material for e-learning capacity building of faculty staff; repositories of learning objects; and free educationalcourses. Hylén, J. (2005). Open educational resources: Opportunities and challenges. OECD-CERI. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/1/49/35733548.doc see also: Downes, Stephen (2007). "Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources" in: Interdisciplinary Journal of Knwoledge and Learning Objects, Vol. 3, p. 29-44.
OER definition "OER are teaching, learning, and researchresourcesthat reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge." The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
OER definition OECD "digitisedmaterials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences." OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) and UNESCO
Criticism Beware of paternalistic agenda Contents need to be interculturally adjusted Economic model unclear Static vision on knowledge and learning contents !
Knowledge economy Learning economy Bengt-Åke Lundvall Creative economy Charles Landry, John Howkins, Richard Florida Open knowledge economy Yochai Benkler Peters, M. A. (2010). Three Forms of the Knowledge Economy: Learning, Creativity and Openness. British Journal of Educational Studies, 58(1), 67-88.
Reframing Resources Open EducationalResources go beyond Learning materialsand involve the stakeholder communitiesand key actors involved in the relevant knowledge domains The ultimate Open EducationalResource is part of the socialnetworkthat warrants the supply chain, validates the knowledge claims, and makes it sustainableand fostersitsgrowth
Course as a defining feature for the structure and purpose of OER, in providing: a summary of a field structure and an outline references and links teaching & learning activities intensity, depth assessment authority
Users Products Experts Exploitation Industry Local Stakeholders and actors Professionals Publishers Stakeholders OER Teaching Community Journals Books ScientificCommunity Organisations Blogs & wiki's Conferences Exercises Course notes Archives Assessment Libraries
Good reasons for OER Widening Participation & LifeLong Learning Internationalization Profiling & Mainstreaming Reaching out to stakeholders Quality control / Cost control Learning in the Digital Age Interdisciplinary research
Widening Participation LifeLong Learning Accessibility Reaching out to professional communities
Internationalization Enhanced visibility and findability Possibility to engage students at a distance International collaboration and sharing of workload