The Moral Dangers of Non-Lethal Weapons

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  • The Moral Dangers of Non-Lethal Weapons

    1. 1. THE MORAL DANGERS OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS
    2. 2. THE MORAL DANGERS OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS By Chan Jia Ler & Tay Kun Yao
    3. 3. What Are Non-Lethal Weapons?
    4. 4. What Are Non-Lethal Weapons?Non-Lethal Weapons are weapons designed to stop a person or acrowd without doing permanent damage or causing death.
    5. 5. What Kinds of Non-Lethal Weapons Are There?
    6. 6. O.C. Spray (a.k.a. Pepper Spray)
    7. 7. O.C. Spray (a.k.a. Pepper Spray)O.C. Spray is used by Policemen to control riots,or crowds that are out of control.When sprayed at a person’s eyes, it causes tears,pain, and temporary blindness, due to a specialcompound in the spray, which causes the personto be incapacitated, allowing the police to easilyrestrain the person.O.C. Spray can also be bought by regularcitizens in certain countries & states for selfdefence.While considered a “less than lethal” agent,O.C. Spray may cause death in some rare cases,and O.C. Spray has been a contributing factor incertain deaths.
    8. 8. O.C. Spray (a.k.a. Pepper Spray)O.C. Spray is used by Policemen to control riots,or crowds that are out of control.When sprayed at a person’s eyes, it causes tears,pain, and temporary blindness, due to a specialcompound in the spray, which causes the personto be incapacitated, allowing the police to easilyrestrain the person.O.C. Spray can also be bought by regularcitizens in certain countries & states for selfdefence.While considered a “less than lethal” agent,O.C. Spray may cause death in some rare cases,and O.C. Spray has been a contributing factor incertain deaths.
    9. 9. Thomas A. Swift’s Electric Rifle (a.k.a. TASER)
    10. 10. Thomas A. Swift’s Electric Rifle (a.k.a. TASER)The TASER is an electroshock weapon which useselectrical currents to disrupt voluntary control ofmuscles when used against a person.The TASER is used by policemen to subduefleeing or potentially dangerous people, and can bebought by regular citizens in certain countries &states.According to Police Surveys, TASERs have savedapproximately 75,000 lives.However, TASERs can cause death due to ignitingflammable materials, and heart attacks, and canincrease chances of death in drug-users.
    11. 11. Thomas A. Swift’s Electric Rifle (a.k.a. TASER)The TASER is an electroshock weapon which useselectrical currents to disrupt voluntary control ofmuscles when used against a person.The TASER is used by policemen to subduefleeing or potentially dangerous people, and can bebought by regular citizens in certain countries &states.According to Police Surveys, TASERs have savedapproximately 75,000 lives.However, TASERs can cause death due to ignitingflammable materials, and heart attacks, and canincrease chances of death in drug-users.
    12. 12. Active Denial System (a.k.a. Heat Ray)
    13. 13. Active Denial System (a.k.a. Heat Ray)The Active Denial System is developed by the U.S.Military to control crowds, and secure perimeterswithout causing any fatalities.It works by firing a high-powered beam of 95GHzhigh frequency waves at the target, exciting the water& fat molecules in the skin, and instantly heatingthem. This will cause the target to experience extremediscomfort, and will move out of the area.However, if the target does not move out of the area,the waves will continue to penetrate the skin, whichmay cause 2nd-Degree burns.
    14. 14. Active Denial System (a.k.a. Heat Ray)The Active Denial System is developed by the U.S.Military to control crowds, and secure perimeterswithout causing any fatalities.It works by firing a high-powered beam of 95GHzhigh frequency waves at the target, exciting the water& fat molecules in the skin, and instantly heatingthem. This will cause the target to experience extremediscomfort, and will move out of the area.However, if the target does not move out of the area,the waves will continue to penetrate the skin, whichmay cause 2nd-Degree burns.
    15. 15. What Are The Advantages of Non-Lethal Weapons?
    16. 16. What Are The Advantages of Non-Lethal Weapons?People can be incapacitated without them being killed, so incases where the police have gotten the wrong culprit, no deathswill result from that mistake.Some non-lethal weapons can be bought by citizens in certainstates & countries for self-defense, and possibly preventing theuser from suffering serious injuries.
    17. 17. What Are The Disadvantages of Non-Lethal Weapons?
    18. 18. What Are The Disadvantages of Non-Lethal Weapons?However, as non-lethal weapons do not kill, people are lesscareful with them compared to lethal weapons, like guns.Due to this, people tend to use these non-lethal weapons againstpeople even when the situation isn’t very serious.Also, as certain non-lethal weapons can be bought by regularcitizens in certain countries, some citizens might use them forulterior motives.
    19. 19. Are These Non-Lethal Weapons Better Than The Lethal Ones?
    20. 20. Are These Non-Lethal Weapons Better Than The Lethal Ones?While lethal weapons may fully ensure the incapacitation of thetarget, it may kill a possibly innocent person, or a bystander. Non-Lethal weapons on the other hand, while may fail, leaves the targetincapacitated, but alive. So, in most cases, non-lethal weapons aremore effective than lethal weapons.In conclusion, while lethal weapons are more effective, non lethalweapons are more practical.
    21. 21. Thank You!

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