Comparison Of English And German2


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Comparison of German and English

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Comparison Of English And German2

  1. 1. Comparison of English and German
  2. 2. Zahnarztgehilfin Eisenbahnstrecke Marienkäfernest … German: difficult to learn?
  3. 3. Mein Name ist Markus. Ich bin 25 Jahre alt und ich bin Englischlehrer.
  4. 4. English, German, Norwegian,… have common roots  Germanic languages West Germanic Languages: English, German, Dutch North Germanic Languages: Danish, Norwegian, Swedish,…
  5. 5. Some words are identical <ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finger </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Germanisms, Anglicisms <ul><li>In the English language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food and drink: hamburger, sauerkraut, wiener… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sports: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to abseil, rucksack (backpack in AmE)… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bildunsroman, künstlerroman,… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other aspects: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kindergarten, zeitgeist ,… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In the German language </li></ul><ul><li>Computer, internet, mouse,…. </li></ul><ul><li>Mountainbike, Skateboard,… </li></ul><ul><li>Fastfood, … </li></ul>
  7. 7. Language spread <ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>300 – 400 million native speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Spoken on all continents </li></ul><ul><li>Official language in many countries of the former British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>(eg.: Ghana, NOTE: English is no official language neither in the USA nor in Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><li>Over a 100 million native speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Spoken mainly in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Most widely spoken language in Europe (as a native language!) </li></ul><ul><li>38% of Europe‘s population say they can converse in German </li></ul>
  9. 9. Politics <ul><li>Former British Empire (Canada, Australia, UK) </li></ul><ul><li>by the late 19th century truly global </li></ul><ul><li>The USA as a global superpower since WW II </li></ul><ul><li>=> importance of English </li></ul>
  10. 10. European Union <ul><li>About 500 million people </li></ul><ul><li>27 members </li></ul><ul><li>23 official languages </li></ul><ul><li>3 working languages: English, French, German </li></ul>
  11. 11. Business <ul><li>The USA? </li></ul><ul><li>… an economic superpower </li></ul><ul><li>What about the German-speaking countries? </li></ul><ul><li>… … </li></ul>
  12. 12. Germany <ul><li>The powerhouse of the EU </li></ul><ul><li>The most important trading partner for almost all European partners and many non-European partners </li></ul><ul><li>The 3rd largest industrial nation </li></ul><ul><li>Germans spend the most on tourism worldwide </li></ul>
  13. 13. German companies
  14. 14. … and the rest of the German-speaking countries? <ul><li>Tourism: a major industry in Austria, Switzerland and parts of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland and Luxembourg – the wealthiest countries in Europe </li></ul>
  15. 15. Nevertheless, German is losing out to English… <ul><li>&quot;Whereas in Hungary and Slovakia, Germany was stronger after reunification for traditional reasons, English is winning out nowadays more and more in the business world. […] English has even become the dominant foreign language in the Czech Republic in recent years. Whereas a few years ago, companies from the German linguistic area preferred local workers with a knowledge of German, they now accept more and more English-speaking employees.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  16. 17. German in America <ul><li>Americans of German descent the largest self-reported group in the US </li></ul><ul><li>At 1990 census: one of four Americans claimed some form of German ancestry </li></ul><ul><li>As late as 1910 nine million people in the US spoke German </li></ul>
  17. 18. Science <ul><li>Today: English the international language of science </li></ul><ul><li>Around 1920: German-speaking countries the forefront of scientific disciplines </li></ul><ul><li>30% of scientific publications were written in German (now less than 5%) </li></ul><ul><li>40% of Nobel Prize winners spoke German (now less than 10%) </li></ul>
  18. 19. Nevertheless, <ul><li>German is the second most commonly used language for scholarly publications worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>40% of scientists in the USA recommend the study of German. In Poland and Hungary the figure is over 70% </li></ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul>
  19. 20. Arts and Culture <ul><li>Books, magazines and newspapers written in English available all around the world </li></ul><ul><li>German: 2nd most used language in the internet after English </li></ul><ul><li>Literature: one in ten books in the world published in German (80,000 new book titles a year) </li></ul><ul><li>German-speaking countries – rich cultural heritage: „land of the poets and thinkers“ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classical music: Mozart, Beethoven, Strauss,… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philosophies of Kant, Marx,… </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Negative evaluation of German culture <ul><li>Because people don‘t go there on holidays? </li></ul><ul><li>Because history teaching concentrates too much on Germany‘s nazi era? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of WWII films? </li></ul><ul><li>… .? </li></ul><ul><li>… .? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>