Australia and Aboriginies


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  • Did you know? Tully in Queensland is the wettest town in Australia, with an average annual rainfall of 4204 millimeters
  • The Canberra Times, 11 January 2001 The Day offers the community the opportunity to participate and be involved in activities to acknowledge the impact of the policies of forcible removal on Australia's indigenous populations. The Prime Minister said last month that reconciliation is an ‘unstoppable force’. So the latest statistics on Aboriginal health come as a nasty shock. They show that Aboriginal life expectancy, already 19 years less than the Australian average, is now nearly 20 years less. Australia is the only developed nation with a declining Indigenous life expectancy. In the sixties, the average Maori died at the same age as an Aboriginal. Now the Maori can expect to live 15 years longer than his Aboriginal counterpart. As Sir William Deane has pointed out, we will not achieve reconciliation until ‘the life expectancy of an Aboriginal baby is in the same realm as that of a non-Aboriginal.’ Why are we going backwards, when the rest of the developed world is going forwards? Canberra Times 11. January 2001
  • Australia and Aboriginies

    1. 1. Scenes from Australia
    2. 2. Australia Australian coat of arms
    3. 3. Australian flag
    4. 4. Australia in proportion to Europe
    5. 5. New South Wales <ul><li>Sydney, population 4 million </li></ul>
    6. 6. Victoria <ul><li>Melbourne, population 3,5 million </li></ul>
    7. 7. Queensland <ul><li>Brisbane nearly 2 million </li></ul>
    8. 8. South Australia <ul><li>Adelaide just over 1 million </li></ul>
    9. 9. Tasmania <ul><li>Hobart population just under 200,000 </li></ul>
    10. 10. Northern Territory Darwin close to 100,000 Outback Australia
    11. 11. Western Australia <ul><li>Perth 1, 5 million </li></ul>
    12. 13. Australian Flowers Alpine Bluebell ACT Cooktown Orchid QLD Blue Gum TAS Kangaroo Paw WA
    13. 14. Australian flowers Pink Heath VIC Sturt’s Desert Rose NT Waratah NSW Sturt’s Desert Pea SA
    14. 15. Australian Aboriginies Read Fact File on Page 142 eXperience <ul><li> </li></ul>
    15. 16. Aboriginal history <ul><li>They may have come </li></ul><ul><li>from South East Australia </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 years ago Almost </li></ul><ul><li>completely isolated they lived in </li></ul><ul><li>harmony with the land. . </li></ul><ul><li>When Europeans arrived at the </li></ul><ul><li>beginning of the 17th century </li></ul><ul><li>they almost destroyed their </li></ul><ul><li>centuries-old culture </li></ul>
    16. 17. British settlements started at the end of the 18th Century <ul><li>Up until the 1930s the government systematically removed Aboriginal children from their mothers “for their own good”, in an attempt to integrate them into white society and obliterate their aboriginality forever. </li></ul><ul><li>The aim was to eliminate the Aboriginal race altogether. This was thought to be the “kindest” strategy for dealing with “the problem”. </li></ul>
    17. 18. Aboriginal reform <ul><li>In the 1960’s Australian assimilation policy decided where the Aborigines could live and whom they could marry. </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal tribes began to develop self-supporting communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Today Aboriginal Land Rights Reform has given back about 11% of the country. </li></ul>Picture: Lake Tyers Victoria Picture: Mugarinya people WA
    18. 19. National Sorry Day The first was held on 26 May 1998 <ul><li>'Bringing them Home' an inquiry into the forced removal of Aboriginal children - the 'Stolen Generation' - from their parents, families, communities and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Officially acknowledged the responsibility of their predecessors for the laws, policies and practices of forced removal.  </li></ul>
    19. 20. Australian Aboriginals - music <ul><li>A good Ydaki </li></ul><ul><li>(didgeridoo) is hard to </li></ul><ul><li>come by. A Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>harvester walks over his </li></ul><ul><li>country tapping the </li></ul><ul><li>trunks of large trees, </li></ul><ul><li>and listens for the right </li></ul><ul><li>resonance from the hollows </li></ul><ul><li>created by the termites </li></ul>
    20. 21. Traditional Aboriginal Art <ul><li>Dot painting by Pansy </li></ul><ul><li>Napangati, Central </li></ul><ul><li>Australia. Uses the designs </li></ul><ul><li>of her mother’s Dreaming. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything i seen from above. </li></ul><ul><li>U-symbol is people, </li></ul><ul><li>A circle or bull’s eye is a waterhole </li></ul><ul><li>Spiralling lines represent water. </li></ul>
    21. 22. Hunting weapons Spear throwing with a “wommera” Throwing a boomerang
    22. 23. The Pitjandjara tribe believe that Ayers Rock, their Uluru, rose miraculously out of a large red sand hill Uluru (Ayers Rock)
    23. 24. Uluru
    24. 25. Rabbit-Proof Fence
    25. 27. Current Aboriginal issues 2009
    26. 28. Mining and indigenous leaders work to lift communities out of poverty <ul><li>Several mining companies and indigenous leaders are working on a plan to lift Aboriginal communities out of poverty. Tuesday, May 19, 2009 </li></ul>
    27. 29. Main service provider on remote Aboriginal lands runs into trouble <ul><li>The Federal Government intervenes as the main service provider on the remote APY Aboriginal lands runs into trouble. </li></ul> Monday, May 18, 2009
    28. 30. Gap is still a gulf <ul><li>Little evidence so far that the Closing the Gap initiative is working in the Northern Territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The Territory Government has released the first progress report on the implementation of the $300 million initiative to close the gap on Indigenous disadvantage. </li></ul><ul><li>The Government aims to advance the social, economic and health outcomes for Indigenous people and says the progress report shows improvements. </li></ul>
    29. 31. Indigenous languages under threat <ul><li>The United Nations cultural agency UNESCO says more than 100 languages in Australia are in danger of extinction. </li></ul><ul><li>The latest edition of UNESCO's atlas of world languages in danger was launched in Paris yesterday and shows almost half the 6,700 languages spoken worldwide could disappear. </li></ul><ul><li>Sarah Cutfield from the Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies says the map is a great resource for those working to preserve traditional languages. </li></ul><ul><li>She says there is still hope for languages such as Dalabon - from south-western Arnhem Land - as long as it is passed on to the next generation. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;There's only about five fluent speakers of Dalabon that are still remaining and they're spread throughout the Territory,&quot; she said. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;So there's a lot that needs to be done to document this language before these elderly speakers pass away.&quot; </li></ul>
    30. 32. Research shows that attachment to traditional culture is important for Indigenous wellbeing .
    31. 33. Convicts
    32. 34. Captain James Cook’s landing at Botany Bay to take possession of Australia in 1770
    33. 35. Gold miners 1886
    34. 36. Swagman Once a jolly swagman camped by a billabong , Under the shade of a coolibah-tree , And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled, &quot;Who'll come a- waltzing Matilda with me? Waltzing Matilda,Waltzing Matilda, Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?&quot; And he sang as he watched and waited till his billy boiled, &quot;Who'll come a-waltzing Matilda with me?&quot;
    35. 37. Fauna <ul><li>Too many kangaroos? The </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Grey Kangaroo </li></ul><ul><li>has increased since </li></ul><ul><li>farmers cleared the land </li></ul><ul><li>and built dams. </li></ul>Australia is home to many marsupials (pouched animals) like the koala and kangaroo
    36. 38. Snakes <ul><li>This researcher from The </li></ul><ul><li>University of Sydney </li></ul><ul><li>discovered that snakes are </li></ul><ul><li>truly creatures of habit </li></ul><ul><li>they always crossed the </li></ul><ul><li>road at the same time of </li></ul><ul><li>year and at the same place, </li></ul><ul><li>give or take 50 meters. </li></ul>
    37. 39. Monotremes <ul><li>The only two </li></ul><ul><li>monotremes in the </li></ul><ul><li>world, the echidna </li></ul><ul><li>and the platypus , are </li></ul><ul><li>found in Australia. </li></ul>
    38. 40. Birds <ul><li>Kookaburras ”laugh” to </li></ul><ul><li>mark their territory. Live on </li></ul><ul><li>snakes. Made famous by </li></ul><ul><li>the song “Kookaburra sits </li></ul><ul><li>in an old gum tree” </li></ul><ul><li>There are over 700 species </li></ul><ul><li>of parrots. </li></ul>
    39. 41. <ul><li>The Tasmanian devil is the last surviving carnivorous (meat eating) marsupial. It only comes out at night and is very shy. It is the size of a small dog but has enough strength in its teeth to eat a whole sheep, including the scull. </li></ul>
    40. 43. Building The Harbour Bridge 1930
    41. 44. Opal Mining
    42. 45. Living in the opal fields
    43. 46. Dogs life
    44. 47. Sporting heroes:- Sir Donald Bradman
    45. 48. Thredbo village 1964