Genetically Modified Foods: Are They Safe?


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Frost & Sullivan analysis of the safety of genetically modified foods.

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Genetically Modified Foods: Are They Safe?

  1. 1. Genetically Modified Foods: Are They Safe? W.F. Kee – Industry Analyst Technical Insights Group AGRI-FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS SEMINAR 2010 Berjaya Times Square Hotel & Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur January 26, 2010
  2. 2. 1 3 4 2 Who is Frost & Sullivan? Introduction to GMO Agenda Key Drivers and Challenges, Key Players Overview of GM Industry and Trends 5 Malaysia’s Biosafety Act 2007
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Growth Consulting Company </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1,700 employees across 31 global locations in 22 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 10,000 clients worldwide including emerging companies, the global 1000 and the investment community </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Developers of the Growth Acceleration System, which includes the CEO’s 360 Degree Perspective, CEO’s Growth Team, Growth Model, Growth Excellence Matrix and Growth Workshop. </li></ul>Who is Frost & Sullivan? 1
  4. 4. Frost & Sullivan’s Industry Coverage <ul><li>Aerospace & Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Automotive & Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals, Materials & Food </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics & Security </li></ul><ul><li>Energy & Power Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental & Building Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Automation & Process Control </li></ul><ul><li>Information & Communications Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement & Instrumentation </li></ul>1
  5. 5. Introduction to GMO <ul><li>Definition of GMO: A genetically modified organism (GMO) whose genetic material material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic engineering techniques include gene targeting, gene splicing, gene silencing, gene transfer, etc. </li></ul>Source: ISAAA, 2008 2 0.6 0.7 1.8 2.7 3.8 7.6 7.6 15.8 21.0 62.5 Area (million hectares) Soybean Soybean, corn Corn, soybean, cotton Soybean Cotton, tomato, poplar, petunia, papaya, sweet pepper Canola, corn, soybean, sugarbeet Cotton Soybean, corn, cotton Soybean, corn, cotton Soybean, corn, cotton, canola, squash, papaya, alfalfa, sugarbeet Types of Crops Bolivia 10 Uruguay 9 South Africa 8 Paraguay 7 China 6 Canada 5 India 4 Brazil 3 Argentina 2 USA 1 Country Rank
  6. 6. Key Drivers 3 Sustainability Climate Change High Price of Food Alleviation of Poverty and Hunger Source: Frost & Sullivan. Food Security
  7. 7. Key Challenges Intellectual Property Rights Source: Frost & Sullivan. 3 Ecological Concerns Difficulty in Obtaining Biological Sequences Prohibitive Costs Safety of GMO on Human Health
  8. 8. Key Players GM Seeds BASF Plant Science Bayer Bioscience (division of Bayer Cropscience) DuPont Dow Agrosciences Syngenta Monsanto 3 Source: Frost & Sullivan.
  9. 9. Desired Crop Traits Crop Traits Enhanced Nutrition Delayed Ripening Drought Tolerance Virus Resistance Stacked Traits Soil Tolerance Insect Resistance Herbicide Tolerance 4 Source: Frost & Sullivan.
  10. 10. GM Crops 4 Soybean <ul><li>70% (65.8 million has.) of </li></ul><ul><li>total global soybean planted is GM </li></ul><ul><li>• Countries growing GM soybean: </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, </li></ul><ul><li>Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa, and the USA. </li></ul>Corn <ul><li>24% (37.3 million has.) of total </li></ul><ul><li>global corn planted is GM </li></ul><ul><li>• Countries growing GM corn: </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Republic, Egypt, </li></ul><ul><li>Germany, Honduras, Philippines, </li></ul><ul><li>Poland, Portugal, Romania, </li></ul><ul><li>Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay, and the USA. </li></ul>Canola <ul><li>20% (5.9 million has.) of </li></ul><ul><li>total global canola planted </li></ul><ul><li>is GM </li></ul><ul><li>• Countries growing GM </li></ul><ul><li>canola: Canada, Chile, and </li></ul><ul><li>the USA. </li></ul>Cotton <ul><li>46% (15.5 million has.) of </li></ul><ul><li>total global cotton planted </li></ul><ul><li>is GM </li></ul><ul><li>• Countries growing GM cotton: </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina, Australia, Brazil, </li></ul><ul><li>Burkina Faso, China, Colombia, </li></ul><ul><li>India, Mexico, South Africa, </li></ul><ul><li>and the USA. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Breakdown of GM Crops 4 Source: Frost & Sullivan.
  12. 12. Countries Growing GM Crops Source: Clive James, 2008 4
  13. 13. Varieties of GM Crops 4 Vitamin A enriched (“golden rice”) Rice Herbicide resistant Sugar beet High sucrose content, pesticide resistant Sugar cane Higher starch content Potato Delayed ripening Tomato Virus resistant Papaya Pest resistant Cotton Herbicide resistant, different lipid profile Rapeseed / Canola Herbicide and insect resistant, vitamin enriched Corn Herbicide resistant, different lipid profile Soybean GM Property Crop
  14. 14. Technology Trends in GM Crops <ul><li>Patent-protected food crops (herbicide resistant) </li></ul><ul><li>First commercialized in the 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Stress tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple traits </li></ul><ul><li>Therapeutic crops </li></ul><ul><li>Disease resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Insect resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Stacked trait seeds </li></ul>Past Present Future 4 Source: Frost & Sullivan.
  15. 15. Malaysia’s Biosafety Act 2007 <ul><li>According to the Act, a “living modified organism &quot; means any living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>The Act calls for the establishment of the Genetic Modification Advisory Committee, whose function is to provide scientific, technical and other relevant advice to the Minister or the Board </li></ul><ul><li>With regards to GM labelling, the Act requires that all living modified organisms, items containing living modified organisms and products of such organisms shall be clearly identified and labelled </li></ul>5
  16. 16. Q & A W.F. Kee Industry Analyst Technical Insights (+603) 6207-1051 [email_address]