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Frontline Kelvin Friebel Nov.6, 2010

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Frontline Kelvin Friebel Nov.6, 2010

Frontline Kelvin Friebel Nov.6, 2010

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  • Picture: http://freakytrigger.co.uk/ft/2007/05/i-was-a-goblin-worlds-in-collusion/
  • Picture: Westarkchurchofchrist_org
  • Genesis 8
    http://www.songbirde.com/flood.htm
  • Genesis 8
    http://www.songbirde.com/flood.htm
  • How does the Patriarchal History fit into the Theme of Genesis chs. 1-11?
  • Fits in the “Re-Creation” theme:
  • Look at the broad contours of the 3 major narratives:
    (1) Abraham Narrative:
    Abraham brings “blessing”  counteracting the “curse” of Gen 3
  • (2) Jacob- Esau narrative
    (a) -thematic similarities between Cain & Abel story & Jacob & Esau
    --both there is animosity between 2 brothers:
    Cain & Abel story ends with Cain killing Abel
    Esau wants to kill Jacob, Jacob flees
    but end: reconciliation, not murder
    --through his chosen line, God is reversing affects of the De-Creation because of Sin
    (b) also in the character of Jacob: change that takes place, God’s working or Undo De-Creation,
    not through Judging, but through redemptively working in the lives of individuals & changing them from within
  • “Re-Creation” theme is literarily presented through “good” Leitwort
    --way in which God doing the Re-Creation is radically different that after the Flood
    --now working redemptively through a specific chosen line of individuals
    --working redemptively in individual lives & community
  • “Re-Creation” theme is literarily presented through “good” Leitwort
    --way in which God doing the Re-Creation is radically different that after the Flood
    --now working redemptively through a specific chosen line of individuals
    --working redemptively in individual lives & community
  • “Re-Creation” theme is literarily presented through “good” Leitwort
    --way in which God doing the Re-Creation is radically different that after the Flood
    --now working redemptively through a specific chosen line of individuals
    --working redemptively in individual lives & community
  • Fits in the “Re-Creation” theme:
  • Theme around which Genesis chs. 12 through end of Deuteronomy revolve
    Promise originally given to Abraham, then transmitted to the subsequent Patriarchs
    Gen 12:1-3
    Gen ch. 15 (esp. vv. 5-6, 18)
    Gen 17 (esp vv. 6-8)
    Repeated Gen 22:17-18
    Has 3 aspects to it:
    1) Posterity / Descendants
    --as numerous as the “sand of the sea”(22:17) / “stars in the sky” (15:5)
    --make “great nation”
    2) Divine – Human Relationship
    --emphasis that special dynamic of relationship between Abraham’s descendents & God
    --defined more precisely as go through Pentateuch:
    (a) covenant relationship
    --phraseology: “I will be your God” and “you will be my people”—technical covenant language
    (b) affirmation of the divine presence with children of Abraham
    “I will be with you”
    Sign of that covenant: circumcision (ch. 17)
    --performed before the birth of Isaac
    (but Ishmael receives the sign—indicates that Ishmael is part of the covenant descendants / community
    Ishmael is just not the specific son through whom God will work salvation history
    just like later is goes through Jacob rather than Esau
    --yet descendants of Ishmael & of Esau are seen as part of the fulfillment of the promises to Abraham
    3) Land
  • Various parts of the Promise are the focal point of the subsequent narratives in Pentateuch, as each one focuses on one aspect of the Promise:
    --once promise given, we read, looking for, anticipating its fulfillment
    So subsequent narratives focus on how various parts of it are fulfilled
    1. Genesis chs. 12-50: aspect of Posterity / Descendants—key point of the narrative in those chapters
    --as being, Abram & Sarai have NO children
    --birth of Ishmael, but then God comes in ch. 17 & says that child will be born from Abraham & Sarah (old age & barren!)
    --finally Isaac born in ch. 21—but still far cry from like “stars in heaven”
    --then ch. 22: told to sacrifice Isaac! –will even the son of th epromise survive?
    --as progress through Gen, emphasis is on the children, lineage, so Isaac has 2: Jacob & Esau—
    yet Jacob, for time, has to flee for his life in fear of Esau!
    --Jacob finally have 12 kids (still not quite like stars of the heavens)
    End of Gen, have 70 descendants (Gen 46:27)
    --family will survive, yet far from fulfillment of promise)
  • Exodus:
    When get to beginning of Exodus, what about descendants?
    --Israelites all over the place! Exodus 1:7
    Focus of narrative shifts off of posterity / descendants (seen as being fulfilled)
    refers in Deuteronomy just after the exodus
    So part one is fulfilled, narrative shifts to story of how another aspect will be fulfilled:
    3 major parts of Exodus:(a) exodus out of Egypt
    (b) covenant on Mt. Sinai
    (c) building of the Tabernacle
    --shifts to Divine-Human Relationship
    Exodus results from promise to Abraham:
    Exodus 2:24- “God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”
    Exod 6:6-8: v. 7: “I will take you as my people, and I will be your God”
    through the exodus, God has taken Israelites as His people
    on Mt. Sinai, asks the people to take Him as their God
    @ Mt. Sinai, see God, experience God, hear God talking to them
    --enters into covenant with him
    --divine-human relationship is defined through the terms of the covenant (law being given)
    (c) Tabernacle: purpose, was that presence of God that had established divine-human relationship on Mt. Sinai would continue to be with his people as journeyed to the Land
    Exodus 25:22 “there I will meet with you”
    end Exodus 40:34: “Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.”
    Exodus gives the story of Divine-Human Relationship through Covenant & through his presence in the tabernacle
  • Leviticus: (narrative standpoint, takes place while still at Mt. Sinai
    --they are still there, continuing to receive covenant instructions from God
    as it continues the instructions about sacrifices, about festivals, about worship ritual,
    it’s focus is a continuing to defining what the divine-Human covenant relationship will be
  • Numbers:
    10:11-13—set out from Mt. Sinai—headed toward the promised land
    narrative now shifts off of the Divine-Human Relationship
    focuses on their entering into the Land
    (descendants part of the promise is fulfilled; divine-human relationship is fulfilled; 3rd aspect of the land becomes story focus:
    Why bring out of Egypt?—take them to the land! (Exod 6:8)
    In ch. 10, the journey starts toward the land
    --get to the southern edge of it
    chs. 13-14, because of their disobedience, they prevented from entering
    --so Num now has to cover the intervening 40 yrs for that generation to die off
    In ch. 20, story picks up at very end of the 40 yrs, with new generation now setting out on the journey to land
    --this time travel to the east (Transjordan)
    --so narrative recounts movements, victories in Transjordan side
    --preparations for the division of the land (before they actually possess it)
    --instructions of what to do when get into the land (chs. 34-36)
    but all anticipating fulfilling of the promise to Abraham of moving into land
    --when get to end of Numbers, on the very east side of Jordan River, ready to cross over
    --but don’t (actually have to wait for Bk of Joshua to read of the fulfillment of promise)
    --on brink of the fulfillment (like cliff hanger at season end of t.v. show—next wait for new season to see how it ends)
  • Deuternomy: narrative, story part: there on Transjordan
    --getting read to cross into promised land
    --Moses is about to die, so transition of leadership to Joshua
    & Moses leads them in a covenant-renewal ceremony
    --term “Deuteronomy” (second-giving of the Law)
    --this new generation that has arisen, to them law is reiterated,
    and just like previous generation had entered into covenant @ Mt. Sinai,
    they go thru/ covenant renewal ceremony
    So narrative focus on Deuteronomy harkens back to Bk of Exodus: focus is on Divine-Human Relationship as defined in the Covenant
  • http://www.solarviews.com/raw/earth/bluemarblewest.jpg
  • http://www.xmwallpapers.com/wallpaper/storms/tornados/imagepages/image2.htm
  • http://www.allbestpictures.com/nature_and_scenery-aspen_trees,_montana_picture.html
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/Stork-nest-muenster-zoo-germany.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/21/Glacier-park-mountain-goats.jpg
  • http://www.indiaonrent.com/view/s/sunset-at-the-north-pole-an-amazing-photo.html#
  • tripod.com mariahharris.tripod.com/id12.html –nancy praising God under a rainbow
  • tripod.com mariahharris.tripod.com/id12.html –nancy praising God under a rainbow

Transcript

  • 1. Genesis:Genesis: Creation & CovenantCreation & Covenant in the Flow ofin the Flow of the Old Testament Storythe Old Testament Story Dr. Kelvin Friebel Frontline Community Church Nov 6th , 2010
  • 2. “I believe in God the Father, the Maker of heaven and earth . . .” “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth . . .”
  • 3. Patriarchal History (chs. 12 - 50) Primeval History (chs. 1 - 11)
  • 4. Theme of Genesis chs. 1 - 11 Creation De-creation Re-creation (a) Sin (b) Judgment Primeval History (chs. 1 - 11)
  • 5. Creation World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2)
  • 6. Creation De-creation (a) Sin World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 7. Creation De-creation (a) Sin World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) 6:5-6, 11-12 6:5 The LORD saw that the wickedness of humankind was great in the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of their hearts was only evil continually. (NRSV) 1:4, 9, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25 And God saw that it was good 1:31 And God saw that it was very good The ONLY Previous Places where God “sees” 6:11 Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and the earth was filled with violence. 12 And God saw that the earth was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted its ways upon the earth. (NRSV)
  • 8. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 9. Flood Narrative (Gen chs. 6-9) & Creation Narrative (Gen ch. 1) Literary Links:  6:20; 7:14: “according to their kind” → 1:21, 24, 25  7 days significance (7:4, 10; 8:10, 12) → 7 day Framework  6:21: food → 1:29-30
  • 10. Flood Narrative (Gen chs. 6-9) & Creation Narrative (Gen ch. 1) De-creation 7:11 windows of heaven opened Obliteration of separation of waters above & waters below (Day 2 - - 1:6-7) 7:19-20 dry land is covered Obliteration of separation of water & dry land (Day 3 - - 1:9-10) 7:21-23 all living creatures die Pre-Day 6 situation with No animals or humans Undoing Creation
  • 11. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Re-Creation Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) Receding of Flood (chs. 8-9) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 12. Re-Creation 8:1: wind (rûaḥ) blowing over earth Pre-creation: Spirit (rûaḥ) hovering over deep (1:2) 8:2: division of waters Day 2: Separation of waters above & waters below (1:6-7) 8:5-13: appearance of dry land Day 3: Separation of waters & dry land (1:9-10) 8:11: growth of trees Day 3: Vegetation created (1:11-12) 8:17, 19: repopulating with birds & land animals Day 5: Birds created (1:20-21) Day 6: Land Animals created (1:24-25) 8:17: animals could “multiply, be fruitful, & increase” Day 6: Blessing of animals (1:22) “be fruitful & increase” 8:15, 18: repopulation with humans Day 6: Humans created (1:26-27) 8:22: re-establishing of seasons Day 4: (1:14) 9:1-7: blessing of humans & giving of food Day 6: blessing & provision of food (1:28-30) Redoing of Creation
  • 13. Noah as a “New Adam”  animals brought to him Noah’s bringing the animals into the ark (6:19-21; 7:2-3, 8-9, 13-16) ≈ God bringing animals to Adam (2:19-20) Comparisons:  progenitors of the human race 9:19 . . .. And from these the whole earth was peopled. ≈v3: 20 The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all living.  tiller of the ground 9:20 Noah, a man of the soil, was the first to plant a vineyard. ≈v2:15 The LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to till it and keep it.  reiteration of the blessing 9:1-7 // 1:26-30
  • 14. Genesis 1:26-30 Genesis 9:1-7 26 And God said, "Let us make humans in our image, according to our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth." 27 And God created the human in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. 28 And God blessed them; and God said to them, "Be fruitful and increase, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the sky, and over every living (beast) that creeps on the earth." 29 And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant seeding seed that is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree which has in it the of the tree seeding seed; for you, it shall be food; 30 and to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the skies, and to every creeping thing on the earth which was a living creature, every green plant for food". 1 And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase, and fill the earth. 2 And the fear of you and the terror of you shall be on every beast of the earth, and on every bird of the skies, on everything that creeps on the ground, and on every fish of the sea; into your hand they are given. 3 Every creeping thing that is alive shall be food for you; as (I gave) the green plant, I give everything to you. 4 Surely you shall not eat flesh with its life, (that is,) its blood. 5 And surely I will require your blood for your lives; from the hand of every living thing I will require it. And from the hand of humans, from the hand of each person's brother, I will require the life of humans. 6 The one who sheds the blood of humans, by humans their blood shall be shed. For in the image of God he made humans. 7 And as for you, be fruitful and increase; Swarm in the earth and increase in it."
  • 15.  Noah’s obedience vs. Adam’s disobedience 6:22 Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him. 7:5 And Noah did all that the LORD had commanded him. 7:9 . . . As God had commanded Noah. 7:16 . . . As God had commanded him.  reversing of the curse: 5:29 he named him Noah, saying, “Out of the ground that the LORD has cursed this one shall bring us relief from our work and from the toil of our hands.” 8:21 And when the LORD smelled the pleasing odor, the LORD said in his heart, “I will never again curse the ground because of humankind . . .” Noah as a “New Adam” Re-Creation Reversals:
  • 16. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Re-Creation Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) De-creation (a) Sin Ham’s Sin Babel (ch. 11) Receding of Flood (chs. 8-9) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 17. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Re-Creation Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) De-creation (a) Sin Ham’s Sin Babel (ch. 11) De-creation (b) Judgment Dispersion Receding of Flood (chs. 8-9) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 18. Theme of Genesis chs. 1 - 11 Creation De-creation Re-creation (a) Sin (b) Judgment Patriarchal History (11:27 – 50:26)
  • 19. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Re-Creation Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) De-creation (a) Sin Babel (ch. 11) De-creation (b) Judgment Dispersion Receding of Flood (chs. 8-9) Re-Creation Covenant with Abraham (chs. 12ff.) Ham’s Sin (ch. 9:20-27) 6:5-6, 11-12
  • 20. Patriarchal Narratives & “Re-Creation” 1) Abraham Narrative:  Abraham will bring “blessing” Gen 12:2-3: “I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” vs. De-Creation of Sin resulting in “curse”
  • 21. Patriarchal Narratives & “Re-Creation” 2) Jacob - Esau Narrative (a) Narrative begins with “family conflict”, but ends with “reconciliation” (b) There is a transformation in Jacob’s character from a “schemer / deceiver” vs. De-Creation of Cain & Abel story vs. De-Creation of Humans not changing (e.g. Cain), becoming more sinful (Gen 6:5-6, 11-12)
  • 22. 3) Joseph Narrative (Gen chs. 37-50) A) Joseph Fulfills Creation Mandate (Gen ch. 1): (1) Joseph as Administrator / Manager of Resources Gen 1: 26: “let them rule over . . . all the earth” B) Joseph Reverses “The Fall” (Genesis chs. 3-4): (3) Joseph Not Succumbing to Temptation (4) Joseph & Family Reconciliation (2) Multiplying Descendants (47:27) Gen 1: 28: “Be fruitful and increase in number.” (5) Transformation of “evil” to “good” (50:20) vs. De-Creation of Cain & Abel story (Gen ch. 4) vs. De-Creation of Adam & Eve story (Gen ch. 3)
  • 23. 1:4: And God saw that the light was good; 1:10: And God saw that it was good. 1:12: And God saw that it was good. 1:18: And God saw that it was good. 1:21: And God saw that it was good. 1:25: And God saw that it was good. 1:31: God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good.
  • 24. 1:4: And God saw that the light was good; 1:10: And God saw that it was good. 1:12: And God saw that it was good. 1:18: And God saw that it was good. 1:21: And God saw that it was good. 1:25: And God saw that it was good. 1:31: God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good. Genesis 3: Conflict between good and evil
  • 25. 1:4: And God saw that the light was good; 1:10: And God saw that it was good. 1:12: And God saw that it was good. 1:18: And God saw that it was good. 1:21: And God saw that it was good. 1:25: And God saw that it was good. 1:31: God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good. 50:20: You intended to harm (literally “do evil to”) me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives.” Genesis 3: Conflict between good and evil
  • 26. Creation De-creation (a) Sin De-creation (b) Judgment World Creation (ch. 1) Human Creation (ch. 2) Flood (chs. 6-7) Re-Creation Adam & Eve’s Sin (ch. 3) Cain kills Abel (ch. 4) De-creation (a) Sin Babel (ch. 11) De-creation (b) Judgment Dispersion Receding of Flood (chs. 8-9) Ham’s Sin (ch. 9:20-27) 6:5-6, 11-12 In the midst of on-going De-Creation, God works to bring about Re-Creation by choosing a single family through whom Salvation History will occur Re-Creation Covenant with Abram (ch. 12)
  • 27. God: Creator Perfect Creation (Gen 1-2) Sin (Gen 3) CreationundertheCurse The Covenants with Abraham & at Mt. Sinai (& New Covenant in Jesus) are a Response to Sin’s Disruption of Creation God: Covenant Overlord SalvationHistory CovenantPeople Covenants are the means through which God is doing His Re-Creation in the world
  • 28. God: Creator Perfect Creation (Gen 1-2) Sin (Gen 3) CreationundertheCurse Restored Creation The Goal of God’s Redemptive Work is a Restored Creation as in Gen 1 & 2, but with modifications The Covenants with Abraham & at Mt. Sinai (& New Covenant in Jesus) are a Response to Sin’s Disruption of Creation God: Covenant Overlord SalvationHistory CovenantPeople Covenants are the means through which God is doing His Re-Creation in the world
  • 29. c. 2000 B.C. Abraham c. 1450 B.C. Mt. Sinai Abrahamic Covenant Sinai (Deuteronomic) Covenant Covenants (of Redemption History = God’s Work of Re-Creation) Gen 12 – Exod 18 Exod 19 -- Malachi
  • 30. Theme of the Pentateuch Promise to the Patriarchs Genesis 12:1-3; ch. 15; ch. 17 1) Posterity / Descendants 3) Land a) Covenant God: “I will be your God” b) Divine Presence: “I will be with you” 2) Divine – Human Relationship God’s Promise to “Bless” Abraham with:
  • 31. chs. 12-50 = 1) Posterity / Descendants Theme of the Pentateuch 3-Part Promise to the Patriarchs
  • 32. chs. 12-50 = 1) Posterity / Descendants = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Mt. Sinai Covenant & Tabernacle) Theme of the Pentateuch 3-Part Promise to the Patriarchs “I will be your God, and you will be my people”
  • 33. chs. 12-50 = 1) Posterity / Descendants = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Mt. Sinai Covenant & Tabernacle) Theme of the Pentateuch 3-Part Promise to the Patriarchs = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Covenant Worship) “I will be with you”
  • 34. chs. 12-50 = 1) Posterity / Descendants = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Mt. Sinai Covenant & Tabernacle) Theme of the Pentateuch 3-Part Promise to the Patriarchs = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Covenant Worship) = 3) Land (journey to the Land)
  • 35. chs. 12-50 = 1) Posterity / Descendants = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Mt. Sinai Covenant & Tabernacle) Theme of the Pentateuch 3-Part Promise to the Patriarchs = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Covenant Worship) = 2) Divine - Human Relationship (Renewing the Covenant) = 3) Land (journey to the Land)
  • 36. c. 2000 B.C. Abraham c. 1450 B.C. Mt. Sinai Abrahamic Covenant Sinai (Deuteronomic) Covenant Covenants (of Redemption History = God’s Work of Re-Creation) Gen 12 – Exod 18 Exod 19 -- Malachi
  • 37. c. 2000 B.C. Abraham c. 1450 B.C. Mt. Sinai c. 1000 B.C. David Abrahamic Covenant Sinai (Deuteronomic) Covenant Davidic Covenant Covenants (of Redemption History = God’s Work of Re-Creation) Gen 12 – Exod 18 Exod 19 -- Malachi
  • 38. c. 2000 B.C. Abraham c. 1450 B.C. Mt. Sinai c. 1000 B.C. David Abrahamic Covenant Sinai (Deuteronomic) Covenant Davidic Covenant Covenants (of Redemption History) Gen 12 – Exod 18 Exod 19 -- Malachi New Testament In Prophetic Literature: Anticipation of “New Covenant” Hosea chs. 1-2 Jeremiah 31:31-34 Jeremiah 32:40 Jeremiah 50:4-5 Ezekiel 16:60 63‑ Ezekiel 34:25-27. Ezekiel 37:23, 26-27
  • 39. c. 2000 B.C. Abraham c. 1450 B.C. Mt. Sinai c. 1000 B.C. David B.C. / A.D. Jesus Abrahamic Covenant Sinai (Deuteronomic) Covenant Davidic Covenant New Covenant Covenants (of Redemption History) Gen 12 – Exod 18 Exod 19 -- Malachi New Testament
  • 40. Genesis chs. 1-11 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Wisdom Literature: Job Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Creation Psalms (8 19:1-6, 33, 104, 139, 148) Creation Themes in Prophets 2 Underlying Theological “Streams” in the Old Testament Creation Theology Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel
  • 41. Creation Theology (Genesis chs. 1-2) Covenant Theology (Sinai Covenant; Deuteronomy) God God as Creator ► Creator  Creation Relationship God as Covenant Overlord► Master / Suzerain  Servant / Vassal Relationship
  • 42. God’s Revelation of Himself Natural Revelation ►God is known through non-speaking Creation Special / Propositional Revelation ►God communicates directly with humans through speech and other communication forms Creation Theology (Genesis chs. 1-2) Covenant Theology (Sinai Covenant; Deuteronomy)
  • 43. Ethical Behavior Moral Order is Part of Creation Morals are delineated in the Covenant Natural Law: All Humans are held Accountable Covenant Law: Only Covenant Members are held Accountable Creation Theology (Genesis chs. 1-2) Covenant Theology (Sinai Covenant; Deuteronomy)
  • 44. Humans International Intercultural ► All Humans are “brothers & sisters” made in the “image of God” ►Focus in on Worldwide Community ► God deals with All Peoples ►God Sovereignly Controls All Nations Chosen People Israelite Specific Ethno-Centric ► Are “brothers & sisters” as part of the Covenant Community ► Focus is on the Covenant Community ► God has a Special Relationship with His Chosen People ► God’s Redemptive Work occurs through the Covenant Community Creation Theology (Genesis chs. 1-2) Covenant Theology (Sinai Covenant; Deuteronomy)
  • 45. Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel
  • 46. Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel What happens in Israel’s history is understood through the lens of the Covenant Theology of Deuteronomy Deuteronomistic History
  • 47. Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel Prophets indicted the people for covenant violations and called the people to return to covenant loyalty 4) Prophecies of restoration: Correspond to the covenant declarations of restoration & blessing (Deut 30:1-10) 4 Major Prophetic Literary Types: 3) Calls to Repentance Correspond to the Covenant Call to Return when the Covenant has been violated (Deut 30:2-3, 6) 2) Predicted judgments: Correspond to the covenant curses (Lev 26; Deut 28) for disobedience 1) Prophetic indictments for sin: People are being held accountable to the covenant obligations
  • 48. Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel
  • 49. God: Creator Perfect Creation (Gen 1-2) Sin (Gen 3) CreationundertheCurse Restored Creation The Goal of God’s Redemptive Work is a Restored Creation as in Gen 1 & 2, but with modifications Covenant Theology is basis upon which God works with His “covenant” people God: Covenant Overlord SalvationHistory CovenantPeople Creation Theology is basis upon which God works with non- covenant people
  • 50. Genesis chs. 1-11 Wisdom Literature: Job Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Creation Psalms (8 19:1-6, 33, 104m 139m 148) Creation Themes in Prophets Creation Theology
  • 51. Genesis chs. 1-11 Wisdom Literature: Job Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Creation Psalms (8 19:1-6, 33, 104m 139m 148) Creation Themes in Prophets Creation Theology
  • 52. Creation Theology & Wisdom Literature (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs) ► God created the World using Wisdom Proverbs 3:19-20 Proverbs 8:22-31 Job 28:23-27
  • 53. God has made inherent within Creation a natural order that involves not just physical laws of science, but morals & ethics, and practical living (common sense) Assumption of “Creation” Theology:Assumption of “Creation” Theology: Creation Theology & Wisdom Literature (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs)
  • 54. “Wisdom” is: (1) discerning that creation order and (2) living in harmony with that order, in relationship to God (“fear God”), in relationship with other human beings, and in relationship to the rest of creation. Creation Theology & Wisdom Literature (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs)
  • 55. is Humble Recognition of our Limitations as Humans in both (a) Understanding Creation Ecclesiastes 2:18-19; 3:11, 21; 6:12; 7:14b; 23-24; 8:6-7, 16-17; 9:1, 11-12; 10:14b; 11:5-6 (b) Being Able to Control Creation ► the Appropriate Response to God as Creator Creation Theology & Wisdom Literature (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs)
  • 56. Genesis chs. 1-11 Wisdom Literature: Job Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Creation Psalms (8 19:1-6, 33, 104m 139m 148) Creation Themes in Prophets Creation Theology
  • 57. Arguments related to God as Creator:Arguments related to God as Creator: Creation Theology in Prophetic Literature ► As Creator, it means Yahweh is the Lord of Creation, and therefore a) Is Sovereign over ALL Nations b) Controls all of Human History Isaiah 40:12-31 Isaiah 44:24-28 Isaiah 45:1-8 (vv. 7 & 8, “create”, ‫ברא‬(,11-13 Isaiah 48:12-16 Isaiah 51:12-13 Jeremiah 32:17 Zechariah 12:1-3
  • 58. Genesis chs. 1-11 Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Historical Books: Joshua Judges Ruth 1 & 2 Samuel 1 & 2 Kings 1& 2 Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah Esther Books of the Prophets: Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel 12 Minor Prophets Psalms Lamentations Wisdom Literature: Job Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Songs Creation Psalms (8 19:1-6, 33, 104, 139, 148) Creation Themes in Prophets 2 Underlying Theological “Streams” in the Old Testament Creation Theology Deuteronomic Covenant Theology Genesis chs. 12-50 Daniel
  • 59. Creation Psalms Psalms 8 19:1-6 33 104 139 148
  • 60. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 61. Psalm 139 (NRSV) 7 Where can I go from your Spirit? Or where can I flee from your presence?
  • 62. 8 If I ascend to heaven, you are there;
  • 63. If I make my bed in the Depths, you are
  • 64. 9 If I take the wings of the and settle at the farthest limits of the sea,
  • 65. 10 even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me fast.
  • 66. “Surely the darkness shall cover me and the light around me become night.” 11 If I say,
  • 67. 12 even the darkness is not dark to you; the night is as bright as the day,
  • 68. for darkness is as light to you.
  • 69. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: (b) As Creator, God has On-going Awareness of all that Happens in Creation Pss 33:13-19; 139:1-4, 15-16a, 23-24 Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 70. Psalm 33Psalm 33 (NRSV)(NRSV) 13 The L13 The LORDORD looks down from heaven;looks down from heaven; he sees all humankind.he sees all humankind. 14 From where he sits enthroned he watches14 From where he sits enthroned he watches all the inhabitants of the earth —all the inhabitants of the earth — 15 he who fashions the hearts of them all,15 he who fashions the hearts of them all, and observes all their deeds.and observes all their deeds. 16 A king is not saved by his great army;16 A king is not saved by his great army; a warrior is not delivered by his great strength.a warrior is not delivered by his great strength. 17 The war horse is a vain hope for victory,17 The war horse is a vain hope for victory, and by its great might it cannot save.and by its great might it cannot save. 18 Truly the eye of the L18 Truly the eye of the LORDORD is on those who fear him,is on those who fear him, on those who hope in his steadfast love,on those who hope in his steadfast love, 1919 to deliver their soul from death,to deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.and to keep them alive in famine.
  • 71. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: (b) As Creator, God has On-going Awareness of all that Happens in Creation Pss 33:13-19; 139:1-4, 15-16a, 23-24 (c) As Creator, God exercises On-going Control of Creation (even Humans) Ps 33:10-12 Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 72. Psalm 33 (NRSV) 10 The LORD brings the counsel of the nations to nothing; he frustrates the plans of the peoples. 11 The counsel of the LORD stands forever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations. 12 Happy is the nation whose God is the LORD, the people whom he has chosen as his heritage.
  • 73. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: (b) As Creator, God has On-going Awareness of all that Happens in Creation Pss 33:13-19; 139:1-4, 15-16a, 23-24 (e) As Creator, God continues his Creative Activity Ps 139:13 (c) As Creator, God exercises On-going Control of Creation (even Humans) Ps 33:10-12 (d) As Creator, God executes Judgment in Creation Pss 104:31-35; 139:19-20 Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 74. 13 For it was you who formed my inward parts; you knit me together in my mother’s womb.
  • 75. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: (b) As Creator, God has On-going Awareness of all that Happens in Creation Pss 33:13-19; 139:1-4, 15-16a, 23-24 (e) As Creator, God continues his Creative Activity Ps 139:13 (c) As Creator, God exercises On-going Control of Creation (even Humans) Ps 33:10-12 (d) As Creator, God executes Judgment in Creation Pss 104:31-35; 139:19-20 (f) As Creator, God is the On-going Sustainer of Creation Ps 104:10-23, 27-30 Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 76. 1a Praise the LORD, O my soul. Psalm 104 (NIV)
  • 77. 1b O LORD my God, you are very great; you are clothed with splendor and majesty.
  • 78. 2 He wraps himself in light as with a garment; he stretches out the heavens like a tent
  • 79. 3a and lays the beams of his upper chambers on their waters.
  • 80. 3b He makes the clouds his chariot and rides on the wings of the wind.
  • 81. 4 He makes winds his messengers, flames of fire his servants.
  • 82. 5 He set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved.
  • 83. 10a He makes springs pour water into the ravines;
  • 84. 10b it flows between the mountains.
  • 85. 11a They give water to all the beasts of the field;
  • 86. 11b the wild donkeys quench their thirst.
  • 87. The birds of the air nest by the waters;
  • 88. 12b they sing among the branches.
  • 89. 13a He waters the mountains from his upper chambers;
  • 90. 13b the earth is satisfied by the fruit of his work.
  • 91. 14a He makes grass grow for the cattle,
  • 92. 14b and plants for humans to cultivate – bringing forth food from the earth:
  • 93. 15 wine that gladdens the heart of humans, oil to make their faces shine, and bread that sustains their hearts.
  • 94. 1616The trees of the LThe trees of the LORDORD are well wateredare well watered,, the cedars of Lebanon that he plantedthe cedars of Lebanon that he planted..
  • 95. 17 There the birds make their nests; the stork has its home in the pine trees.
  • 96. 18 The high mountains18 The high mountains belong to the wild goats;belong to the wild goats; the crags are a refugethe crags are a refuge for the coneys.for the coneys.
  • 97. 19 The moon marks off the seasons, and the sun knows when to go down.
  • 98. 20 You bring darkness, it becomes night, and all the beasts of the forest prowl.
  • 99. 21 The lions roar for their prey and seek their food from God.
  • 100. 22 The sun rises, and they steal away; they return and lie down in their dens.
  • 101. 23 Then humans go out to their work, to their labor until evening.
  • 102. 24 How many are your works, O LORD! In wisdom you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.
  • 103. 25 There is the sea, vast and spacious, teeming with creatures beyond number-- living things both large and small.
  • 104. 27 These all look to you to give them their food at the proper time.
  • 105. 28 When you give it to them, they gather it up; when you open your hand, they are satisfied with good things.
  • 106. when you take away their breath, they die and return to the dust. 29 When you hide your face, they are terrified;
  • 107. 30 When you send your Spirit, they are created, and you renew the face of the earth.
  • 108. 31 May the glory of the LORD endure forever; may the LORD rejoice in his works --
  • 109. 33 I will sing to the LORD all my life; I will sing praise to my God as long as I live. 34 May my meditation be pleasing to him, as I rejoice in the LORD.
  • 110. 35b Praise the LORD, O my soul. Praise the LORD.
  • 111. (a) As Creator, God is Present throughout all of Creation Ps 139:5, 7-12 ► God’s Working in the World: (b) As Creator, God has On-going Awareness of all that Happens in Creation Pss 33:13-19; 139:1-4, 15-16a, 23-24 (e) As Creator, God continues his Creative Activity Ps 139:13 (c) As Creator, God exercises On-going Control of Creation (even Humans) Ps 33:10-12 (d) As Creator, God executes Judgment in Creation Pss 104:31-35; 139:19-20 (f) As Creator, God is the On-going Sustainer of Creation Ps 104:10-23, 27-30 Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”
  • 112. Psalm 8:1, 9Psalm 8:1, 9 Psalm 33:1-3, 8Psalm 33:1-3, 8 Psalm 104:1, 31-34Psalm 104:1, 31-34 Psalm 148Psalm 148 ► Appropriate Response to God as Creator is “Praise” Creation Theology in the “Creation Psalms”