������������������������������������ ������������������������������������ ���������� S O ��� �� E S � � C IL A R � N U �� D O � �� �� W A T E R R E S ��� ��� � �� �� ������Fact Sheet 92–2 Water Efficiency in Your Own Back YardY ou and your family should begin to practice Lawn Sprinklers and Hoses water efficiency right in your own back A single lawn sprinkler can use as much as 600 yard. While you may have learned to make gallons of water per hour. Position your sprinklerthe most efficient use of water inside your home so that every last drop of water reaches the lawn and– in the kitchen, bath and laundry – you should also only the lawn – not sidewalks, driveways or streets.know how to save water when caring for your com- You’ll also make better use of your sprinkler if youmitment to back yard water conservation avoid the fine mist setting, which loses too muchWatering Lawns and Gardens water to evaporation. A garden hose can discharge as much as six gal- During the hot, dry summer months, frequent lons of water per minute or up to 360 gallons perwatering of lawns and gardens can more than double hour. Equip the hose with a quick–shutoff nozzlea normal Ohio household’s water usage. You’ll con- and, again, avoid the mist setting.serve precious water resources by watering lawns Don’t waste water by using it on anything that’sand garden plants early in the day, before 10 a.m., to not green and growing. That means using a broomreduce evaporation and sun scalding. Water slowly, (instead of your hose and a lot of water) to cleandeeply – and less frequently. Your lawn shouldn’t sidewalks and driveways. Wash your car only whenneed more than one inch of water per week, either necessary and use the hose only for rinsing. If thethrough natural rainfall, watering or a combination youngsters want to keep cool with the sprinklerof both. You can measure that easily by setting an or garden hose, make sure their play area movesempty tuna can on a shaded, open area of lawn. frequently around the lawn. That way the water Most important of all, don’t lock yourself into a does double–duty by wetting down as much grass asfixed watering schedule. Let conditions and com- possible.mon sense be your guide – and water only whennecessary. For example, you shouldn’t need to Gardens, Shrubs and Treeswater on a cloudy day or during a cool spell. Gardens, ornamental plants, shrubs and young During the hottest weeks of the summer, brown trees (those with trunks less than 3" diameter)grass doesn’t necessarily mean dead grass. Turf should be your first priority for watering duringgrasses protect themselves during hot, dry spells by hot weather. They’re not as well equipped as turfbecoming brown and dormant. Their root systems grasses to survive a drought. A typical residentialwill usually remain alive and healthy. Mow less landscape can lose as much as 80% of its irrigationfrequently during hot weather and set your mower to water through evaporation. You can save a greatkeep the grass taller (about three inches). This will deal of that water (as well as a lot of your own time)allow the grass to shade its own roots and reduce the by using mulch in your garden, in raised beds andwatering required. around shrubs and young trees. The mulch holds in“The Foot–Print Test” water, shades sensitive roots and keeps down weeds as well. You might also want to consider installation Your feet may be your best guide to an efficient of a water–saving drip irrigation system for yourlawn–watering schedule. Use the Foot–Print Test by garden plants and shrubs.walking across your lawn. If the grass springs backafter it’s been walked on, your lawn doesn’t needwatering. Continued on back!
An efficient way to water young trees is to drill Private Wellsa 1/16" hole in the bottom of a five–gallon bucket. If you’re among the many Ohioans who dependFill the bucket with water and place it beside the upon private wells for their household water needs,tree’s trunk base. A very slow, but steady trickle consult the Division Fact Sheet, “Private Wellsof water will reach the tree’s roots rather than – Solutions to Common Problems”.surrounding grass that competes with the tree formoisture. For additional information on water efficiency and theSwimming Pools conservation of Ohio’s water resources, contact: Because they hold a great deal of water, swimmingpools also offer a big potential for wasting water.Reduce water losses by keeping the level lowerthan usual to minimize splashing. The use of a pool Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Soil and Water Resourcescover will not only slow water evaporation, but also Water Resources Programkeep the pool cleaner and reduce maintenance. 2045 Morse RoadInside the House Columbus, Ohio 43229-6693 Voice: (614) 265-6740 Fax: (614) 265-6767 Water conservation inside your house is a year– Website: http://www.ohiodnr.com/soilandwaterround activity. The Division Fact Sheet, “Water Ef-ficiency at Home” offers detailed information andtips to help you conserve water around the house. R 10/07/2011