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They say a child gets more exposure to aluminum in breast milk and that aluminum is safe  wrong again vaccines and aluminum  - the children's hospital of philadelphia
 

They say a child gets more exposure to aluminum in breast milk and that aluminum is safe wrong again vaccines and aluminum - the children's hospital of philadelphia

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    They say a child gets more exposure to aluminum in breast milk and that aluminum is safe  wrong again vaccines and aluminum  - the children's hospital of philadelphia They say a child gets more exposure to aluminum in breast milk and that aluminum is safe wrong again vaccines and aluminum - the children's hospital of philadelphia Document Transcript

    • Vaccines and Aluminum? | The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia http://www.chop.edu/service/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-safety/vaccine-ingredients/aluminum.html[4/23/2014 6:53:19 PM] Vaccine Education Center About the Center View and Order VEC Resources A Look at Each Vaccine Vaccine Schedule Vaccine Safety General Safety Concerns Vaccines and the Immune System Vaccines and Health Conditions Vaccine Ingredients Adjuvants Aluminum Antibiotics DNA Egg Allergies Fetal Tissues Formaldehyde Gelatin Allergies Human Proteins SV40 Thimerosal Yeast Allergies Vaccines: Practical Considerations Vaccine Science Vaccine-Related News Additional Resources Related News CHOP’s New Mobile App Assists Parents with Contact Us We would like to hear from you. Please use our online form to contact us with questions or comments. Contact Us Online Aluminum in Vaccines Q&A "Aluminum in Vaccines: What you should know" Q&A sheet: English» (PDF) Spanish» (PDF) Vaccine Ingredients Q&A "Vaccine Ingredients: What you should know" Q&A sheet: English» (PDF) Spanish» (PDF) Related Specialties and Services Parents PACK Vaccine Update for Healthcare Providers Vaccines and Aluminum Do vaccines contain aluminum? Aluminum is the third most abundant element after oxygen and silicon, and it is the most abundant metal making up almost 9 percent of the earth's crust. Aluminum is found in plants, soil, water and air. Most plants have low quantities of aluminum, but a few are known to be aluminum accumulators, including some types of tea plants, grasses and orchids. Aluminum is used extensively in various ways: Aluminum in vaccines Aluminum is used in vaccines as an adjuvant. An adjuvant is a vaccine component that boosts the immune response to the vaccine. The adjuvant effects of aluminum were discovered in 1926. Aluminum adjuvants are used in vaccines such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, diphtheria-tetanus-containing vaccines, Haemophilus influenzae type b, and pneumococcal vaccines, but they are not used in the live, viral vaccines, such as measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, or rotavirus. Vaccines containing adjuvants are tested extensively in clinical trials before being licensed. Aluminum salts are the only materials that can be used as adjuvants in the United States. The quantities of aluminum present in vaccines are low and are regulated by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER). The aluminum contained in vaccines is similar to that found in a liter (about 1 quart or 32 fluid ounces) of infant formula. While infants receive about 4.4 milligrams* of aluminum in the first six months of life from vaccines, they receive more than that in their diet. Breast-fed infants ingest about 7 milligrams, formula-fed infants ingest about 38 milligrams, and infants who are fed soy formula ingest almost 117 milligrams of aluminum during the same period. *Note: One milligram is one-thousandth of a gram. One gram is the weight of one-fifth of a teaspoon of water. Quantities of Aluminum in Vaccines Pneumococcal vaccine 0.125 mg/dose Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine < 0.17 to < 0.625 mg/dose Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine 0.225 mg/dose It can be found in food-related products including pots and pans; storage containers, such as beverage cans; and foil. It is found in numerous foods and beverages, including fruits and vegetables, beer and wine, seasonings, flour, cereals, nuts, dairy products, baby formulas, and honey. Typical adults ingest 7 to 9 milligrams of aluminum per day. It is used for manufacturing of airplanes, siding, roofing materials, paints, pigments, fuels and cigarette filters. It is found in health products including antacids, buffered aspirin, antiperspirants, and some vaccines. Vaccine Education Center CHOP Home Specialties and Services Vaccine Education Center Vaccine Safety Vaccine Ingredients Aluminum Give to CHOP Research For Healthcare Professionals News Room Careers Search
    • Vaccines and Aluminum? | The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia http://www.chop.edu/service/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-safety/vaccine-ingredients/aluminum.html[4/23/2014 6:53:19 PM] Vaccine Decisions Hib/ Hep B vaccine 0.225 mg/dose Hepatitis A vaccine (Hep A) 0.225 to 0.25 mg/dose (pediatrics) 0.45 to 0.5 mg/dose (adults) Hepatitis B vaccine (Hep B) 0.225 to 0.5 mg/dose Hep A/ Hep B vaccine 0.45 mg/dose DTaP/inactivated polio/ Hep B vaccine < 0.85 mg/dose DTaP/inactivated polio/Hib vaccine 0.33 mg/dose Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine 0.225 mg/dose Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccine 0.25 mg/dose Quantities of Aluminum in Other Things Breast milk 0.04 milligrams per liter (mg/L) Ponds, lakes, streams 0.1 mg/L Infant formula 0.225 mg/L Soy-based formula 0.46 to 0.93 mg/L Buffered aspirin 10 to 20 mg/tablet Antacid 104-208 mg/tablet Given the quantities of aluminum we are exposed to on a daily basis, the quantity of aluminum in vaccines is miniscule. Aluminum-containing vaccines have been used for decades and have been given to over one billion people without problem. In spring 2000, the National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO) reviewed aluminum exposure through vaccines and determined that no changes to vaccine recommendations were needed based on aluminum content. The Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety, part of the World Health Organization (WHO), has also reviewed studies and found no evidence of health risks that would require changes to vaccine policy. Health effects of aluminum The health effects of aluminum have been studied; however, few have been shown to result from aluminum exposure. Kidney dialysis patients have developed disorders of the brain and bones due to the aluminum content in water following years of dialysis. Both disorders have decreased in occurrence due to improvements to dialysis systems. The bone disease was due to poor absorption of phosphate in the presence of high quantities of aluminum. Children taking large amounts of aluminum-based medications have also been found to suffer this bone disorder. It has been suggested that some diseases involving the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease, are caused by aluminum accumulation in brain tissues. However, studies have not consistently found increased levels of aluminum leading some to hypothesize that the aluminum accumulation may be the result of tissue damage rather than the cause of disease. Aluminum and pregnancy Aluminum quantities fluctuate naturally during normal cellular activity. It is found in all tissues and is also believed to play an important role in the development of a healthy fetus. This is supported by several findings: During healthy pregnancies the amount of aluminum in a woman's blood increases. The amount of aluminum in the blood of the fetus increases between four and a half and six months gestation and again at eight months gestation. At delivery, the blood of full-term infants contains more aluminum than the mother's, but it decreases shortly after delivery. The blood of premature infants has more aluminum than that of full-term infants.
    • Vaccines and Aluminum? | The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia http://www.chop.edu/service/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-safety/vaccine-ingredients/aluminum.html[4/23/2014 6:53:19 PM] © 1996-2014 The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard Philadelphia, Pa. 19104 Main Number: 215-590-1000 Physician Referral Service: 1-800-879-2467 Coordinates: 39.9486937, -75.1929596   An Equal Opportunity Employer The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is an equal Short Cuts Cancer Center Cardiac Center Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program Site Map Family-Centered Care Directions, Maps and Parking Hospital Virtual Tour Guide to Your Child's Surgery Your Child's Bill Sign Up for Newsletters Social Media at CHOP Physician Referral Services Fellowships at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Continuing Medical Education Web Accessibility Web Accessibility and CHOP Awards and Honors Why Choose CHOP? Magnet Award for Nursing Excellence Legal Terms of Use Privacy Policy References Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry. (2006). Public Health Statement Aluminum CAS # 7429-90-5. Cherin, P. and J. Authier. (2001). Macrophagic Myofasciitis (PDF). Retrieved May 19, 2008 from Orphanet encyclopedia Web site. Finn, T. M. and W. Egan. (2008). Vaccine Additives and Manufacturing Residuals in U.S.- Licensed Vaccines. In S. Plotkin, W. Orenstein, and P. Offit (Eds.), Vaccines, Fifth Edition (pp. 73-81). China: Saunders Elsevier. Ganrot, P. O. (1986). Metabolism & Possible Health Effects of Aluminum. Env. Health Perspect. 65, 363-441. Mineral Information Institute. Aluminum & Bauxite. Retrieved May 19, 2008, from Mineral Information Institute Web site. Offit, P.A. and R. K. Jew. (2003). Addressing Parents Concerns: Do Vaccines Contain Harmful Preservatives, Adjuvants, Additives or Residuals? Pediatrics, 112(6), 1394-1401. Sorenson, J. R. J., Campbell, I. R., et. al. (1974). Aluminum in the Environment and Human Health. Env. Health Perspect. 8, 3-95. Vogel, F. R. and S. L. Hem. (2008). Immunologic Adjuvants In S. Plotkin, W. Orenstein, and P. Offit (Eds.), Vaccines, Fifth Edition (pp. 59-71). China: Saunders Elsevier. World Health Organization. (1999). Macrophagic Myofasciitis and Aluminum-Containing Vaccines. Weekly Epidemiological Record.74, 338-340. World Health Organization. (2002). Aluminum-Containing Vaccines and Macrophagic Myofasciitis. Weekly Epidemiological Record. 77, 392-393. World Health Organization. (2004). Aluminum-Containing Vaccines and Macrophagic Myofasciitis. Weekly Epidemiological Record.79, 20. Reviewed by: Paul A. Offit, MD Date: March 2014 Materials in this section are updated as new information and vaccines become available. The Vaccine Education Center staff regularly reviews materials for accuracy. You should not consider the information in this site to be specific, professional medical advice for your personal health or for your family's personal health. You should not use it to replace any relationship with a physician or other qualified healthcare professional. For medical concerns, including decisions about vaccinations, medications and other treatments, you should always consult your physician or, in serious cases, seek immediate assistance from emergency personnel.       The concentrations of aluminum in brain tissue are high during gestation and highest immediately after birth. The breast milk of moms with premature infants contains more aluminum than that of moms who carried their babies to term. Print Share Follow us: Twitter Facebook Youtube
    • Vaccines and Aluminum? | The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia http://www.chop.edu/service/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-safety/vaccine-ingredients/aluminum.html[4/23/2014 6:53:19 PM] opportunity employer. We do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion, national or ethnic origin, disability or protected veteran status. HIPAA: Protecting Patient Privacy