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Analysis  pakistan and shanghai cooperation organization - terminal x
 

Analysis pakistan and shanghai cooperation organization - terminal x

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    Analysis  pakistan and shanghai cooperation organization - terminal x Analysis pakistan and shanghai cooperation organization - terminal x Document Transcript

    • Analysis: Pakistan's relations with SCO states | Terminal X Home About Us Coverage Reports TX DropBox Links Downloads Contact Français Trending: Syrian Crisis SPECIAL COVERAGE OCTOBER 21, 2013 Analysis: Pakistan's relations with SCO states like http://www.terminalx.org/2013/10/pakistans-relations-with-sco-states.html AVq-Sl_e 1 Submit Like Like 9 6 Cliquez ici pour lire cet article en français Click on the image to access SEARCH TX Search Terminal X Like Like You like this 40 981 TX SPECIALS Analyse: Les relations du Pakistan avec les États SCO Venezuela: In the context of a changing geopolitical oil environment in South America Equipment of anti-state elements in contact with Israel, India and Somalia uncovered in Peshawar by Uzma Mushtaque Follow @uzzay [Terminal X Analysis] The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, abbreviated as SCO, is a Eurasian political, economic and military organization whose foundations were laid down in 2001 in Shanghai by the People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, http://www.terminalx.org/2013/10/pakistans-relations-with-sco-states.html[10/22/2013 12:16:59 PM]
    • Analysis: Pakistan's relations with SCO states | Terminal X Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Except for Uzbekistan, the other countries had been members of the Shanghai Five, founded in 1996; after the inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001, the members renamed the organization. Russian President Vladimir Putin, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Former Chinese President Jiang Zemin, Former Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev, and Tajik President Emomali Rakhmonov, were the members of the Shanghai Five before Uzbekistan joined in. The Shanghai Five grouping was originally created on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai by the heads of states of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. On April 24, 1997, the same countries signed the Treaty on Reduction of Military Forces in Border Regions in a meeting in Moscow. FOLLOW TX BY EMAIL Submit TX HAS BEEN QUOTED ON: Subsequent annual summits of the Shanghai Five group occurred in Almaty (Kazakhstan) in 1998, Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) in 1999, Dushanbe (Tajikistan) in 2000 and Shanghai (People's Republic of China) in 2001. The six states signed the Declaration of Shanghai Cooperation Organization on 15 June 2001, aiming to transform it to a higher level of cooperation. On 16 July 2001, Russia and the People's Republic of China, the organization’s two leading nations, signed the Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation. The SCO Charter was signed in June 2002 which expounded on the organization’s purposes, principles, structures and forms of operation, and established it officially from the point of view of international law. Its six full members account for 60% of the land mass of Eurasia and its population is a quarter of the worlds. With observer states included, its affiliates account for half of the human race. In July 2005, at its fifth summit in Astana, Kazakhstan, for the very first time the representatives from India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan also took part. The president of the host country, Nursultan Nazarbayev, greeted the guests in these words "The leaders of the states sitting at this negotiation table are representatives of half of humanity". The SCO had instigated over twenty large-scale projects related to transportation, energy and telecommunications and held regular meetings of security, military, defence, foreign affairs, economic, cultural, banking and other officials from its member states by 2007, thus expanding its area of focus and cooperation. Furthermore, it established relations with the United Nations, where it is an observer in the General Assembly, the European Union, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Organization. Although SCO has vowed not to induct any member in the near future into the organization, Pakistan’s entry can be of great importance for the country itself, the organization and the region at large. Islamabad’s initial attempts to establish good relations with the Central Asian Republics (CARs) ended with mixed results. Under the shadow of the successful Afghan resistance, Pakistan’s desire to have good relations with the newly independent CARs was seen as an attempt to build an Islamic block.  This did not find many supporters in the region. As such, Islamabad’s ambitions to form an Islamic bloc or, “a Muslim security belt stretching from Turkey to Pakistan http://www.terminalx.org/2013/10/pakistans-relations-with-sco-states.html[10/22/2013 12:16:59 PM] NEWS ARCHIVES News Archives News Archives
    • Analysis: Pakistan's relations with SCO states | Terminal X with Central Asia as the ‘buckle,’ to provide both ‘strategic depth’ and needed allies in her policy struggles over Afghanistan and Kashmir,” as described by an American military analyst, failed to materialize. Later, Islamabad’s support to the Taliban, which the CARs opposed and perceived as a threat to their national security, created further problems, which became the primary reason why Pakistan’s bid for observer status in the SCO was rejected. Against this backdrop, former President Musharraf accentuated Pakistan’s strong credentials for securing full membership in the SCO at the summit in Shanghai in June 2006: "We hope that the SCO member-states will seriously consider our bid for full membership of this organization," and that “Pakistan could play the role of a trade-economic corridor on the SCO territory and will be committed to the organization's charter”. “Pakistan provides the natural link between the SCO states to connect the Eurasian heartland with the Arabian Sea and South Asia,” he said, adding that: “We offer the critical overland routes and connectivity for mutually beneficial trade and energy transactions intra-regionally and inter-regionally.” Recently, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan signed an agreement on electricity exports from Central Asian states in order to make up for the present Pakistani shortage. Russian President Vladimir Putin has also expressed his interest in the Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline by announcing that Gazprom would be ready to participate in the project. Moreover, Pakistan, China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have agreed to initiate a bus service that would not only enhance trade but also be an important tool to promote people-to-people contacts between the four countries. Lately, Russia has requested the SCO to incorporate Pakistan and India as members. "I expect that it will be possible soon to make decisions on the applications that have come in. One of them is from India. We believe that this application must be satisfied, we support it. The SCO would benefit if countries such as India and Pakistan joined it," Russian Foregn Minister Sergei Lavrov pointed out in a news conference in Moscow. Pakistan's Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Ashfaq Kayani, on his recent visit to Kazakhstan and Tajikistan, spoke of regional, defence and trade cooperation between the three countries. These positive developments, together with the Gwadar project, make Pakistan an indispensable link for SCO member states, and should be considered an ideal candidate for membership. Although the Gwadar port is primarily built for economic and trade purposes, its geostrategic location cannot be overlooked, especially if seen through the prism of any future geopolitical competition in the Indian Ocean. Some Central Asian states are also dissatisfied with Pakistan’s efforts to curb the remnants of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, while others have expressed their concerns over its support for US foreign policy in Afghanistan. Improvement in Pakistan-India relations and Pakistan-Afghanistan relations is also important, for a number of reasons. If Pakistan becomes an energy corridor, it has to have good relations with Afghanistan and India. The latter cannot extend its trade to Central Asia without a friendly Pakistan, and unless both Pakistan and India have a good working relationship, Afghanistan cannot become a stable and viable state. Bad relations not only impact them but also have a negative effect on the SCO’s potential to grow beyond the Central Asian region. The writer is a senior geopolitical analyst and Assistant Director at Terminal X. She is currently working on her thesis while pursuing an M. Phil in International Relations from the National Defence University Tweet to @uzzay http://www.terminalx.org/2013/10/pakistans-relations-with-sco-states.html[10/22/2013 12:16:59 PM]
    • Analysis: Pakistan's relations with SCO states | Terminal X in Islamabad can be reached at uzma@terminalx.org and at Monday, October 21, 2013 0 Comments Labels: CARs, Central Asia, Exclusive, General Kayani, geopolitics, Kazakhstan, pakistan, SCO, tajikistan, Uzma Mushtaque AROUND THE WEB ALSO ON TERMINAL X Obamacare Could Soon Cause Massive Layoffs Money Morning Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty: Gimmick or an honest … 6 comments Citizens Over 50 May Qualify to Get $20,500 this Year Moneynews Indian Army trained and financially sponsored Tamil Tiger … 1 comment The Unbelievable Thing Firefox Is Doing Now OPEN Forum Air Marshal Syed Athar Hussain Bukhari appointed Vice … 1 comment Cancer in a Can: The Shocking Truth Behind Pringles Daily Health Post Indian security forces butcher 6 peaceful protesters in … 1 comment WHAT'S THIS? ★ 0 comments 0 Leave a message... Best Share Community ⤤ ⚙ No one has commented yet. Newer Post Home Disclaimer Terms of Use http://www.terminalx.org/2013/10/pakistans-relations-with-sco-states.html[10/22/2013 12:16:59 PM] Older Post © 2013 Terminal X Media. All Rights Reserved. No exclusive content from the website is to be shared or reproduced without proper accreditation and link back to the original post.