evolucion homo sapiens

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evolucion homo sapiens

  1. 1. Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225 <ul><li>Homo erectus I </li></ul><ul><li>Pithecanthropus erectus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka Homo erectus erectus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka “Java Man” </li></ul></ul>Class Slides Set # 25 Tim Roufs’ section
  2. 2. www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/10/28/1098667862380.html?oneclick=true &quot;The ‘hobbit’ as envisaged by National Geographic . &quot; (Image: National Geographic ) -- BBC ?
  3. 4. Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens Neandertals “ Moderns” Pleistocene
  4. 5. Homo erectus <ul><li>Orrorin </li></ul><ul><li>Ardipithecus </li></ul><ul><li>Australopithecus </li></ul><ul><li>Paranthropus </li></ul><ul><li>Homo </li></ul><ul><li>tugenensis </li></ul><ul><li>ramidus </li></ul><ul><li>anamensis </li></ul><ul><li>afarensis </li></ul><ul><li>africanus </li></ul><ul><li>garhi </li></ul><ul><li>aethiopicus </li></ul><ul><li>boisei </li></ul><ul><li>robustus </li></ul><ul><li>rudolfensis ( “early” ) </li></ul><ul><li>habilis ( “early” ) </li></ul><ul><li>erectus </li></ul><ul><li>sapiens </li></ul>
  5. 6. Homo <ul><li>Genus </li></ul><ul><li>Homo </li></ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul><ul><li>rudolfensis ( “early” ) </li></ul><ul><li>habilis ( “early” ) </li></ul><ul><li>erectus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Java (Trinil) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pithecanthropus erectus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China (Beijing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Homo erectus pekinensis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sapiens </li></ul>
  6. 7. www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth1602/pchomoer.html#title
  7. 8. Time 23 July 2001
  8. 9. Time 23 July 2001
  9. 10. Time 23 July 2001 The “hobbit”
  10. 11. Time 23 July 2001
  11. 12. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 268
  12. 14. www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/10/28/1098667862380.html?oneclick=true &quot;The ‘hobbit’ as envisaged by National Geographic . &quot; (Image: National Geographic ) -- BBC ?
  13. 15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3948165.stm “ Homo floresiensis ” The Homo floresiensis type specimen (LB1) Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia
  14. 16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3948165.stm Homo floresiensis (LB1) “ The Hobbit”
  15. 17. Major Sites / Species <ul><li>Pithecanthropus erectus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka Homo erectus erectus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka “Java Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka “Java People” </li></ul></ul>Java, 1891
  16. 18. Eugene Dubois 1858-1940
  17. 19. Eugene Dubois 1858-1940 Lewis et al , 9 th p. 230
  18. 20. Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed ., p. 295
  19. 21. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/mapshells/south_east_asia/indonesia/indonesia.htm “ Hobbit” “ Java Man” Homo erectus Tsunami Quake Epicentre 20 Dec 2004 Earthquake Epicentre 28 Mar 2005 Earthquake Epicentre 12 Sept 2007
  20. 22. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/mapshells/south_east_asia/indonesia/indonesia.htm “ Hobbit” “ Java Man” Homo erectus Tsunami Quake Epicentre 20 Dec 2004 Earthquake Epicentre 28 Mar 2005 Earthquake Epicentre 12 Sept 2007
  21. 23. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed ., p. 103
  22. 24. John E. Pfeiffer, The Emergence of Man, 4 th ed . (NY: Harper and Row, 1985), p. 101. Miocene Pleistocene Plocene
  23. 25. Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens
  24. 27. Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens
  25. 28. Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed ., p. 295 Solo River
  26. 29. The First Men (NY: Little, Brown, 1973), p. 42
  27. 30. Homo erectus <ul><li>Modern deposits and bones </li></ul><ul><li>Sampoeng stratum (Neolithic) </li></ul><ul><li>Ngandong stratum (Upper Pleistocene) </li></ul><ul><li>Trinil stratum (Middle Pleistocene) </li></ul><ul><li>Djetis stratum (Lower Pleistocene) </li></ul><ul><li>Three or more strata (Pliocene) </li></ul>Java stratigraphy
  28. 31. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed ., p. 238
  29. 32. Major Sites / Species <ul><li>Pithecanthropus erectus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka Homo erectus erectus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka “Java Man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka “Java People” </li></ul></ul>Java, 1891
  30. 33. Trinil Homo erectus erectus Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 225
  31. 34. From Franz Weidenreich, “Morphology of Solo Man” 1951 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 227
  32. 35. From Franz Weidenreich, “Morphology of Solo Man” 1951 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 227
  33. 38. Dubois’s model of Pithecanthropus erectus Humankind Emerging 7 th Ed ., p. 300
  34. 40. The Emergence of Humankind 4 th Ed ., p. 105
  35. 42. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 8th ed., p. 254
  36. 43. Pithecanthropus erectus = Homo erectus erectus = “ Java Man”
  37. 45. Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 202.
  38. 46. Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p. 203.
  39. 47. Homo erectus erectus <ul><li>tool maker (Padjitan industry) </li></ul>Java people
  40. 50. Australopithecus Homo habilis Homo erectus Homo sapiens
  41. 51. Homo erectus Homo erecti are hand axe people
  42. 55. Glossary divided the world of Homo erectus and their immediate descendants into the Acheulean hand-ax cultures of the West and the “chopper-chopping” cultures to the east The Movius Line ? -- Hallam Movius, 1948
  43. 57. Source: Campbell and Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed , p. 334
  44. 58. Homo erectus erectus <ul><li>tool maker (Padjitan industry) </li></ul><ul><li>lived in the open </li></ul><ul><li>had not yet invented fire </li></ul><ul><li>no evidence of hunting prowess, but was a predator </li></ul><ul><li>later descendents = Solo people </li></ul>Java people
  45. 59. Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed ., p. 544
  46. 60. Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7 th ed ., p. 326
  47. 61. <ul><ul><li>Homo erectus - Homo sapiens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(very late Homo erectus ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>probably had a capacity for </li></ul></ul><ul><li>language close to that of modern human </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 and 200,000 y.b.p . </li></ul></ul>“ Madeleine”
  48. 63. <ul><li>“ Peking Man” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aka Homo erectus pekinensis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>aka Sinanthropus </li></ul></ul>Class Slides Set # 26A Tim Roufs’ section Next

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