Technology: empoweringor restricting?   The responsibility     of education Technologie: bevrijdend of beperkend?De verant...
This presentation can be found at                   http://questier.com      http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_QuestierCo...
My background                         Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          May 201104/10/05 | pag. 3           ...
My research interestsCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   4
Research and Innovation Director                                   Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                 ...
Our social responsibility:              how open is the future?                                    Frederik QuestierWerken...
Would you accept                              tools with these rules?    ➢    You are forbidden to           ➢    modify t...
Why do we accept such                            rules for software tools?    ➢    You are forbidden to           ➢    cop...
Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          May 201104/10/05 | pag. 9                        9
Electronic books?    ➢    Would you buy or advise your students           ➢    electronic versions of (educational) books ...
Expensive and incompatible                                                Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          ...
Text To Speech software                         on e-books    ➢    Blessing for the blind    ➢    Copyright violation acco...
DRM:                                    Digital Rights Management or                                    Digital Restrictio...
Regional lockout                         (DVDs, Videogames, UMD, ...)                                                  Fre...
DRM    ➢    is killing innovation    ➢    can prevent legal rights such as           ➢    fair use private copying        ...
Limiting your control                                                 Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios              ...
The horror of                                   Trusted computing    ➢    DVD User Operation Prohibition    ➢    HD-DVD ke...
DRM in cars                         Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          May 201104/10/05 | pag. 20            ...
Side effects                         of DRM    ➢    extra cost    ➢    extra waste    ➢    lower quality    ➢    less comp...
The computer                         of the future?                           ➢   # mobile phones = 3 x # PCs             ...
→ Dead of the                         multi purpose computer !                           ➢   (Initially) forbidden to     ...
iPad tablet-pc                            Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios             May 201104/10/05 | pag. 25   ...
➢    Apple customers           ➢    “We want porn, if necessary with parental control”    ➢    Steve Job, CEO Apple       ...
But maybe (this porn) filtering                         is good for schools?Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit...
Well first of all,             there is something rotten      about what they do filter and do not filterCopyleft Frederik...
Schools for years had an emphasis on office software                       Some of the popular devices today              ...
My fear    ➢    (Media and software) companies         will do everything possible               to limit your possibility...
Effect on education?    ➢    Computers without programming environment    ➢    Black box devices and software    ➢    Poin...
If you train people on a specific software product,                   they will need to be retrained                    wh...
Is parental supervision                                    a protection                                    against the unk...
Is supervision effective?    ➢    There is no simple direct relationship between           ➢    parental supervision      ...
Yearly “Speak Up” survey                           among 300.000 US                           students    ➢    Number one ...
2010 “Speak Up” survey                         among 300.000 US                         students    ➢    Major obstacle to...
2010 “Speak Up” survey                         among 300.000 US                         students    ➢    In terms of strea...
BYOD?    ➢    (How) are we evolving to the “Bring Your Own Device”         model at school?                               ...
1 computer per user?    ➢    Esperenza         Computer         Classroom           ➢    with software                spon...
One library catalog computer per user?Werken met portfolios04/10/05 | pag. 45                                 Frederik Que...
1 computer per user?                         Computer access for every person                                 is a nice go...
Free yourself                         from dogmas!                                         Frederik QuestierWerken met por...
Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          May 201104/10/05 | pag. 48                     48
K12LTSP Linux Terminal Server ProjectNetworked classroomsFat server     runs the applicationsThin clients     visualize th...
"The most fundamental  way of helping other          people,   is to teach peoplehow to do things better or how to better ...
Free Software➢   The freedom to    ➢   use    ➢   study    ➢   distribute    ➢   improve        the program               ...
The software Freedoms               require access to the source codeSource code:          if encrypt(password) == encrypt...
Vrije software voor scholen                  Lees en reflecteer  ➢    Lees         ➢   L. Welther, Scholen met lef kiezen ...
http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/publicaties/default.asp?nr=261Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   54
Desktop                                   Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                    May 201104/10/05 | pag...
Linux    ➢    GPL unix-like kernel    ➢    1991 Comp Sci student Linus Torvalds -> 1000 dev, 100 professionals    ➢    GNU...
Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   57
Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   58
Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   59
Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel   60
➢    Free Open Source version of Suns StarOffice    ➢    Compatible with MS Office    ➢    Cross-platform (Win, Linux, Mac...
➢   Platform independent web browser (Win, Linux, Mac, PDA, ...)➢   40 languages➢   101 reasons why Mozilla is better than...
FLOSS characteristics    ➢    User friendly           ← written by users for users    ➢    Cross-platform          ← recom...
64
Study on Economic impact                         Study on the Economic impact of open source software on innovation       ...
Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios          May 201104/10/05 | pag. 66                     66
Android                                   Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                    May 201104/10/05 | pag...
Why is FLOSS                                   not used more?    ➢    Anti-competitive behaviour of closed source companie...
Who can                            break the monopoly?    ➢    Education           ➢    We teach MS because that is what c...
Why for education?    ➢    Social responsibility           ➢    freedom and user rights           ➢    home use for studen...
Why for education?    ➢    Social responsibility           ➢    freedom and user rights           ➢    home use for studen...
The possible effects                                    Example: extremadura           ➢    poorly developed region → econ...
Where to find more                             FLOSS?    ➢    Use your software package manager           ➢    if your are...
Where to find more                              FLOSS?    ➢    http://livecdlist.com/           ➢    If you want to test s...
Total Cost of Ownership    ➢    Free Software is about freedom, not price           ➢    In practice: zero cost acquisitio...
What should we teach our                 students about copyright?         How and why to avoid plagiarism?               ...
Information and Communication                     Technologies                    have amplified                  the poss...
Copyright           th              st         18 century vs 21 century➢   “for the encouragement of learning”        ➢   ...
Creative Commons  ➢    www.creativecommons.org         Share what you         want,         keep what you want  ➢    6 com...
Why Open Course Ware?    ➢    Increase quality           ➢    Teachers working together           ➢    Best course modules...
(Firefox) Creative                         Commons Search                                              Frederik QuestierWe...
www.gutenberg.org                         (public domain)                                             Frederik QuestierWer...
ocw.mit.edu (CCPL)                                              Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                    ...
www.merlot.org                                          Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                           M...
cnx.org                                   Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                    May 201104/10/05 | pag...
wikibooks.org                                         Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                          May ...
Example made with my students  nl.wikibooks.org/wiki/Onderwijstechnologie                                               Fr...
Recommendations                                   for teachers    ➢    Publish your teaching material using           ➢   ...
Recommendations                              for schools    ➢    Start with pioneers and sensitization    ➢    Consider mi...
Questions? Comments?                                           Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios                     ...
Credits    ➢    Photo Keys CC By-SA-NC By BlakJakDavy    ➢    Photo Gears: Ralphbijker @ Flickr (CC-by)    ➢    Screenshot...
DARE                                                         TO SHARECopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brusse...
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education

1,539
-1

Published on

F. Questier, Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education. Studie- en ontmoetingsdag IDLO, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 4th of May 2011

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,539
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
33
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Technologies: empowering or restricting? The responsibility of education

  1. 1. Technology: empoweringor restricting? The responsibility of education Technologie: bevrijdend of beperkend?De verantwoordelijkheid van het onderwijs Prof. dr. Frederik QuestierSamen werken aan de leraar van morgen Studie- en ontmoetingsdag IDLO Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 4 mei 2011
  2. 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_QuestierCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 2
  3. 3. My background Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 3 3
  4. 4. My research interestsCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 4
  5. 5. Research and Innovation Director Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 5 5
  6. 6. Our social responsibility: how open is the future? Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 6 6
  7. 7. Would you accept tools with these rules? ➢ You are forbidden to ➢ modify this paper-clip ➢ let other people use your hammer ➢ use this hammer for removing nails ➢ tell others what is written in this book Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 7 7
  8. 8. Why do we accept such rules for software tools? ➢ You are forbidden to ➢ copy ➢ reverse engineer ➢ modify ➢ use in certain circumstances ➢ use in certain countries ➢ ... Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 8 8
  9. 9. Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 9 9
  10. 10. Electronic books? ➢ Would you buy or advise your students ➢ electronic versions of (educational) books ➢ if they were 30% cheaper than paper books ➢ maybe many books on a good reading device ~ paper? ➢ ➢ Be aware: often ➢ limited to 1 year ➢ no access in the higher years of study ➢ limited to buyer ➢ no second hand buying or sale ➢ no library ➢ no extensive printing Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 10 10
  11. 11. Expensive and incompatible Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 11 11
  12. 12. Text To Speech software on e-books ➢ Blessing for the blind ➢ Copyright violation according to Authors Guild (publishers) → TTS disabled in Amazon Kindle 2 Remote kill flags discovered! Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 12 12
  13. 13. DRM: Digital Rights Management or Digital Restrictions Management? ➢ Restricted ➢ export ➢ copying ➢ printing ➢ Text To Speech ➢ in time ➢ to buyer (no second hand market) ➢ biometric identification ➢ user info “inscribed” in the work (Microsoft Reader) ➢ access info sent back to publisher ➢ to certain hardware (e.g. Mac OS X - Apple hardware) ➢ to geographic regions Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 13 13
  14. 14. Regional lockout (DVDs, Videogames, UMD, ...) Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 14 14
  15. 15. DRM ➢ is killing innovation ➢ can prevent legal rights such as ➢ fair use private copying ➢ time shifting ➢ lending services (library) ➢ 2nd hand resale of works ➢ donation ➢ access for disabled ➢ archival ➢ public domain ➢ … Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 15 15
  16. 16. Limiting your control Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 16 16
  17. 17. The horror of Trusted computing ➢ DVD User Operation Prohibition ➢ HD-DVD key revocation system (disable your player) ➢ Broadcast flag (no TV recording) ➢ Advanced Access Content System (AACP) ➢ High-Definition Content Protection (HDCP) ➢ Image Constraint Token (ICT) ➢ MS Next-Generation Secure Computing Base (NGSCB) ➢ not protecting ➢ users against viruses and malware, ➢ but media companies against users Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 17 17
  18. 18. DRM in cars Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 20 20
  19. 19. Side effects of DRM ➢ extra cost ➢ extra waste ➢ lower quality ➢ less competition ➢ less innovation Digital Rights Management: A failure in the developed world, a danger to the developing world http://www.eff.org/IP/DRM/itu_drm.php Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 21 21
  20. 20. The computer of the future? ➢ # mobile phones = 3 x # PCs ➢ powerful performance ➢ positive mobile e-learning studies! ➢ P. Thornton & C. Houser, Using mobile phones in English education in Japan, 2005, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 21, pp217–228 Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 22 22
  21. 21. → Dead of the multi purpose computer ! ➢ (Initially) forbidden to ➢ run your own programs ➢ use other phone company ➢ Unlocked iPhones remotely destroyed ➢ Now ➢ software requires ➢ approval ➢ non disclosure agreement ➢ no approval for duplicate software ➢ e.g. no iTunes competition ➢ remote software kill switch Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 23 23
  22. 22. iPad tablet-pc Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 25 25
  23. 23. ➢ Apple customers ➢ “We want porn, if necessary with parental control” ➢ Steve Job, CEO Apple ➢ “Folks who want porn, can buy an Android phone” Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 26 26
  24. 24. But maybe (this porn) filtering is good for schools?Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 29
  25. 25. Well first of all, there is something rotten about what they do filter and do not filterCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 30
  26. 26. Schools for years had an emphasis on office software Some of the popular devices today are designed to make commercial consumers of its users In schools we need software and devices that invite and inspire kids to learn and to be creative!Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 33
  27. 27. My fear ➢ (Media and software) companies will do everything possible to limit your possibility to copy their works, or to maximize their profits, even if it means that user freedoms and privacy are reduced in internet, technologies and law, to an unworkable level. Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 34 34
  28. 28. Effect on education? ➢ Computers without programming environment ➢ Black box devices and software ➢ Point and click courses → less students study computer science Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 36 36
  29. 29. If you train people on a specific software product, they will need to be retrained when the product changes Give them the opportunity to explore programsCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 37
  30. 30. Is parental supervision a protection against the unknown? ➢ Internet literacy of parents ➢ Low ➢ → high parental supervision ➢ High ➢ → trust their children and hardly regulate Internet usage. ➢ Lou et al., 2010 S.-J. Lou, R.-C. Shih, H.-T. Liu, Y.-C. Guo and K.-H. Tseng, The influences of the sixth graders’ parents’ internet literacy and parenting style on internet parenting, Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology 9 (4) (2010), pp. 173–184 Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 38 38
  31. 31. Is supervision effective? ➢ There is no simple direct relationship between ➢ parental supervision ➢ and the (un)safe Internet usage by their children ➢ S. Livingstone, M. Bober and E. Helsper, Internet literacy among children and young people: Findings from the UK Children Go Online project, LES Research Online, London (2005) Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 39 39
  32. 32. Yearly “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students ➢ Number one complaint about the technological school infrastructure: ➢ 2005 ➢ “internet at school is too slow” ➢ 2010 ➢ “school filters and firewalls block websites that we need for our schoolwork” Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 40 40
  33. 33. 2010 “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students ➢ Major obstacle to better technology use in schools? ➢ “The ban of personal devices” Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 41 41
  34. 34. 2010 “Speak Up” survey among 300.000 US students ➢ In terms of streamlining or increasing the effectiveness of their traditional school processes, high school students say that they would use their mobile device at school to: ➢ check grades (74 percent) ➢ take notes in class (59 percent) ➢ use the calendar (50 percent) ➢ access online textbooks (44 percent) ➢ send an email (44 percent) ➢ learn about school activities (40 percent) Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 42 42
  35. 35. BYOD? ➢ (How) are we evolving to the “Bring Your Own Device” model at school? Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 43 43
  36. 36. 1 computer per user? ➢ Esperenza Computer Classroom ➢ with software sponsored by Microsoft Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 44 44
  37. 37. One library catalog computer per user?Werken met portfolios04/10/05 | pag. 45 Frederik Questier May 2011 45
  38. 38. 1 computer per user? Computer access for every person is a nice goal ! But is there really a need for one computer per user? The typical commercial model: “maximum one concurrent user per license (computer)!” Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 46 46
  39. 39. Free yourself from dogmas! Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 47 47
  40. 40. Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 48 48
  41. 41. K12LTSP Linux Terminal Server ProjectNetworked classroomsFat server runs the applicationsThin clients visualize the applications Frederik Questier need no hard diskWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | be 15 years old PCs can pag. 49 49
  42. 42. "The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach peoplehow to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other wordsthe programs you run." 50
  43. 43. Free Software➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 51
  44. 44. The software Freedoms require access to the source codeSource code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, endCompiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 52
  45. 45. Vrije software voor scholen Lees en reflecteer ➢ Lees ➢ L. Welther, Scholen met lef kiezen vrije software, ➢ Didaktief jaargang 37 (juni 2007) Nr. 6 ➢ Reflecteer en beantwoord: ➢ Waarom belangrijk voor onderwijs? ➢ Maatschappelijk belang? ➢ Uitdagingen ➢ Vragen rondom het onderwerp?Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 53
  46. 46. http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/publicaties/default.asp?nr=261Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 54
  47. 47. Desktop Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 55 55
  48. 48. Linux ➢ GPL unix-like kernel ➢ 1991 Comp Sci student Linus Torvalds -> 1000 dev, 100 professionals ➢ GNU/Linux distributions ➢ (K)ubuntu (35K programs), Debian, Redhat, Mandriva, Suse, ... ➢ With user friendly window managers (KDE, Gnome, ...) ➢ Support for many languages, also the non-commercial profitable Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 56 56
  49. 49. Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 57
  50. 50. Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 58
  51. 51. Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 59
  52. 52. Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 60
  53. 53. ➢ Free Open Source version of Suns StarOffice ➢ Compatible with MS Office ➢ Cross-platform (Win, Linux, Mac, ...) ➢ Open document Format (ODF) XML based, OASIS & ISO standard ➢ ➢ >50M users, 170K community members, 12500 developers ➢ 60 languages ➢ PDF & Flash export ➢ Bibliographic manager Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 61 61
  54. 54. ➢ Platform independent web browser (Win, Linux, Mac, PDA, ...)➢ 40 languages➢ 101 reasons why Mozilla is better than MS IE ➢ Standards compliancy, popup-blokkers, tabbed browsing, ...➢ in contrast with MS IE which ➢ Security problems! ➢ Only for Windows. (no longer for Mac) ➢ Development was stalled for many years ➢ MSHTML violates W3C standards ➢ Try validator.w3.org !
  55. 55. FLOSS characteristics ➢ User friendly ← written by users for users ➢ Cross-platform ← recompile source code ➢ High development pace ← reuse of best modules ➢ High quality ← peer review, reuse = survival of the fittest ➢ High security ← peer review, Unix origin, modular, encryption ➢ Many business models Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 63 63
  56. 56. 64
  57. 57. Study on Economic impact Study on the Economic impact of open source software on innovation and the competitiveness of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, R.A. Ghosh, UNU-MERIT, NL. et al., 287 pp. Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 65 65
  58. 58. Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 66 66
  59. 59. Android Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 67 67
  60. 60. Why is FLOSS not used more? ➢ Anti-competitive behaviour of closed source companies ➢ Monopoly abuse ➢ Secret formats & protocols ➢ Data lock-in ➢ Vendor lock-in ➢ Not a lot of advertising ➢ Not a lot of teaching Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 68 68
  61. 61. Who can break the monopoly? ➢ Education ➢ We teach MS because that is what companies use ➢ Companies ➢ We cannot use OSS because our employees dont know it ➢ Employees ➢ Growing number starts using OSS at home ➢ Not happy with inferior software at work Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 69 69
  62. 62. Why for education? ➢ Social responsibility ➢ freedom and user rights ➢ home use for students without costs or piracy ! ➢ Savings ➢ Zero cost of software acquisition ➢ Less administration effort ➢ No license management effort ➢ Study of internal workings of software ➢ Student projects ➢ experience international online collaboration ➢ FLOSS knowledge = competitive advantage Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 70 70
  63. 63. Why for education? ➢ Social responsibility ➢ freedom and user rights ➢ home use for students without costs or piracy ! ➢ Savings ➢ Zero cost of software acquisition ➢ Less administration effort ➢ No license management effort ➢ Study of internal workings of software ➢ Student projects ➢ experience international online collaboration ➢ FLOSS knowledge = competitive advantage Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 71 71
  64. 64. The possible effects Example: extremadura ➢ poorly developed region → economic revival ➢ based on FLOSS (customized GNU/LinEx) ➢ computer access for every student ➢ saved >18M € on initial 80,000 school computers ➢ total software cost: 1.08 Euro/PC/year ➢ bigger project ➢ stimuli for companies, centres for citizens ➢ economic revival -> European regional innovation award Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 72 72
  65. 65. Where to find more FLOSS? ➢ Use your software package manager ➢ if your are using a Free and Open Operating System! ➢ Sourceforge.net ➢ Hosting and tools for >240K Open Source projects ➢ >2M registered users (contributors) ➢ Freshmeat.net ➢ >40.000 projects, mostly Free Software ➢ Google: x AND GPL OR “open source” Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 73 73
  66. 66. Where to find more FLOSS? ➢ http://livecdlist.com/ ➢ If you want to test software without installing ➢ http://www.theopendisc.com/ ➢ High Quality OSS for Windows: Firefox, Openoffice, Inkscape, Scribus, Clamwin, GIMP, Audacity, Filezilla, 7- zip, PDFCreator, Freemind, ... Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 74 74
  67. 67. Total Cost of Ownership ➢ Free Software is about freedom, not price ➢ In practice: zero cost acquisition ➢ Support is similar or cheaper because of competition ➢ No license management / procurement needed ➢ Cheaper hardware can be used ➢ Less administration work ➢ Bandwidth savings (local central update/software repository) ➢ Training ➢ Usability tests ➢ {MS Windows XP → Vista} = {MS Windows → Linux} ➢ {MS Office 2003 → 2007} > {MS Office 2003 → OpenOffice} Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 75 75
  68. 68. What should we teach our students about copyright? How and why to avoid plagiarism? How to share and reuse!Copyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 76
  69. 69. Information and Communication Technologies have amplified the possibilities for mass collaboration and (incremental) innovation But laws are far from perfect for itCopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 77
  70. 70. Copyright th st 18 century vs 21 century➢ “for the encouragement of learning” ➢ Economic motives➢ “to promote the progress of science and useful arts”➢ Protection on request of author ➢ Protection automatically ➢ 14+14y ➢ Till 70y after death author ➢ Protect authors against publishers ➢ Publishers demand the copyrights ➢ If you give copy to every library➢ Private and non-commercial reproductions ➢ “Private copiers are pirates” allowed ➢ Protection for DRM
  71. 71. Creative Commons ➢ www.creativecommons.org Share what you want, keep what you want ➢ 6 combinations of ➢ Commercial – no commercial use allowed ➢ Modifications – no modifications allowed ➢ Sharealike – not sharealike Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 79 79
  72. 72. Why Open Course Ware? ➢ Increase quality ➢ Teachers working together ➢ Best course modules are ➢ reused most often ➢ getting most feedback ➢ getting better again ➢ Saving time & costs ➢ Teachers can start building course from existing material ➢ Creation of animated or interactive learning objects is often too expensive for development/use by only one institution Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 80 80
  73. 73. (Firefox) Creative Commons Search Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 82 82
  74. 74. www.gutenberg.org (public domain) Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 83 83
  75. 75. ocw.mit.edu (CCPL) Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 84 84
  76. 76. www.merlot.org Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 85 85
  77. 77. cnx.org Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 86 86
  78. 78. wikibooks.org Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 88 88
  79. 79. Example made with my students nl.wikibooks.org/wiki/Onderwijstechnologie Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 89 89
  80. 80. Recommendations for teachers ➢ Publish your teaching material using ➢ Free Licenses ➢ Open repositories ➢ Teach students FLOSS and give Free CD/DVDs ➢ Dont ask your students to give their home work in ➢ a secret format ➢ from software that is ➢ not Free ➢ closed source ➢ non-cross-platform Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 90 90
  81. 81. Recommendations for schools ➢ Start with pioneers and sensitization ➢ Consider migrating in phases ➢ servers / (multiplatform) desktop applications / desktop OS ➢ starting with new computers ➢ Policy: FLOSS, except if no good alternative ➢ Ask argumentation and which alternatives considered ➢ Policy: open formats ➢ Share experiences Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 91 91
  82. 82. Questions? Comments? Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 92 92
  83. 83. Credits ➢ Photo Keys CC By-SA-NC By BlakJakDavy ➢ Photo Gears: Ralphbijker @ Flickr (CC-by) ➢ Screenshot http://www.olsonbroserv.com/autorepair.htm ➢ Screenshot http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2009/05/right-repair-law-pro ➢ Screenshot http://www.openhandsetalliance.com/ ➢ Screenshot Google ➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper Frederik QuestierWerken met portfolios May 201104/10/05 | pag. 93 93
  84. 84. DARE TO SHARECopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 94
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×