Acceptance model for Free Open Source Software in (Flemish) schools
Acceptance model forFree Open Source Softwarein (Flemish) schoolsProf. dr. Frederik QuestierSébastien FroeligerVrije Universiteit Brussel28th of August 2012
This presentation can be found at http://questier.comhttp://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
Our social responsibility:how open is the future? 3
"The most fundamental way of helping other people, is to teach peoplehow to do things better or how to better their lives. For people who use computers, this means sharing the recipes you use on your computer, in other wordsthe programs you run." 4
1980s: Stallman defined “Free Software”➢ The freedom to ➢ use ➢ study ➢ distribute ➢ improve the program 5
1998: “Open Source” sounds better as “Free Software”?
The software Freedoms require access to the source codeSource code: if encrypt(password) == encryptedpassword, then login=1, endCompiled code: 001001011101010011001100001111011000110001110001101 → “Open Source Software” Free Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) 7
The free software world characteristics➢ FLOSS exists for all tasks➢ Huge ➢ e.g. 324K projects, 3.4M contributors @ sourceforge.net ➢ e.g. IBM > 1 billion $ per year➢ Several business models➢ Well organised➢ User friendly ← written by users for users➢ Cross-platform ← recompile source code➢ High development pace ← reuse of best modules➢ High quality ← peer review, reuse = survival of the fittest➢ High security ← peer review, Unix origin, modular, encryption
Why FLOSS?➢ reduce (license) costs➢ reduce digital divide➢ eliminate software piracy➢ easier license management➢ easy to localize and customize➢ better quality (peer review, intrinsic-motivated developers)➢ increase security (security by design vs security by obscurity)➢ increase interoperability (open standards)➢ reduce dependencies from monopolies & foreign software companies
Wh at FL is OSS inf lueby use nci sc h ng oo l s taf f?
Methodology➢ Interviews➢ Model conceptualization➢ Pilot survey➢ Web based survey➢ Model validation
Basis for conceptual model➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory➢ Innovation diffusion Model
What is holding back the adoption of FLOSS in your school?
Conclusions➢ FLOSS is being used, but not as a routine➢ Lack of knowledge➢ Misconceptions➢ Perceived barriers 23
Recommendations➢ for schools ➢ Develop FLOSS vision, plan, expertise ➢ Teach students how to share➢ for government and managing structures ➢ Give central role to ICT-coordinators ➢ Create an expertise network ➢ Improve FLOSS information 24
DARE TO SHARECopyleft Frederik Questier, Vrije Universiteit Brussel 25
Credits➢ L’associazione studentesca S.P.R.I.Te. http://www.geektees.com/funny- shirts/software-is-like-sex-its-better-when-its-free-t-shirt/➢ Cartoon Open Source Fish by openssoft➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker➢ Share matches CC-by-nc-nd by Josh Harper