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A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members
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A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members

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F. Questier, E. T. Lwoga, A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members, Medicon 2013, Sevilla, Spain

F. Questier, E. T. Lwoga, A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members, Medicon 2013, Sevilla, Spain

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  • 1. A model for measuring open access adoption & usage behaviour of health sciences faculty members Prof. dr. Frederik Questier Vrije Universiteit Brussel Dr. Edda Tandi Lwoga Muhimbili University of Health & Allied Health Sciences Medicon 2013 Sevilla Spain Medical and Biomedical engineering and computing
  • 2. This presentation can be found at http://questier.com http://www.slideshare.net/Frederik_Questier
  • 3. What's wrong with paywalled publishing?
  • 4. Over 50% of medical institutions in Africa have no journal subscriptions (WHO 2005)
  • 5. Open Access literature: scholarly literature freely available on public internet permitting use, copy, distribution, ...
  • 6. Golden Open Access = OA journals Proportion of journals in Directory of Open Access Journals Green Open Access = non-OA journals + self archival Proportion of repositories in Directory of Open Access Repositories
  • 7. What is influencing Open Access use in Tanzanian health sciences universities?
  • 8. Study location All 8 Tanzanian health sciences universities
  • 9. Methodology ➢ Interviews ➢ Librarians ➢ Medical scientific staff ➢ Model conceptualization ➢ Pilot survey ➢ Cross sectional survey ➢ Medical scientific staff ➢ Model validation
  • 10. Sampling ➢ 617 = total population (all scientific medical staff of all 8 Tanzanian health sciences universities) ➢ 415 = random stratified sample ➢ 295 = # respondents (71.1% response rate)
  • 11. Basis for conceptual model ➢ Social Exchange Theory ➢ Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology ➢ Theory of Reasoned Action ➢ Technology Acceptance Model ➢ Motivational Model ➢ Theory of Planned Behaviour ➢ Combined TAM & TPB ➢ Model of PC Utilization ➢ Innovation Diffusion Theory ➢ Social Cognitive Theory
  • 12. Social Exchange Theory adapted for open access by Kim
  • 13. UTAUT model
  • 14. Our (simplified) conceptual model
  • 15. Our validated model Not significant: trustworthiness, publicity, altruism, fear of plagiarism, peer pressure
  • 16. Significant factors ➢ for intention ➢ Copyright concerns ➢ Attitude ➢ Academic reward ➢ Accessibility ➢ Preservation ➢ Effort expectancy ➢ Culture ➢ for actual usage ➢ Professional recognition ➢ Facilitating conditions ➢ Behavioural intention ➢ Copyright concerns ➢ Professional rank ➢ Technical skills ➢ Number of publications
  • 17. “I support the principle of open access" Around 70% of their research publications are not openly accessible “I support the principle of open access” ➢ Agree 34% ➢ Strongly Agree 52% 1 of the 8 universities had a OA repository 1 of the 8 universities had a OA journal
  • 18. Recommendations for institutions 1.Inform about copyright, e.g. SHERPA/RoMEO
  • 19. Recommendations for institutions 2.Provide an institutional repository
  • 20. Recommendations for institutions 3.Promote OA and self-archival in reward policies
  • 21. Recommendations for institutions 4.Foster development of technical skills
  • 22. 23 ➢ New model based on combination of SET & UTAUT ➢ helps to understand OA adoption (in Tanzanian health universities) ➢ OA awareness is low ➢ OA publishing is not common practice ➢ OA principles are easily accepted by staff ➢ Actions needed to move forward Conclusions
  • 23. Copyright acknowledgements ➢ Cartoon-pat-CC-BY-by-Patrick-Hochstenbach ➢ African Doctors, CC-BY-SA by Julien Harneis ➢ OPEN, CC-by-nc-sa by Tom Magliery ➢ Open arrow, CC-by-nd by ChuckCoker ➢ Question mark CC-by by Stefan Baudy ➢ http://www.projectnafasi.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/tanzania_africa.jpg ➢ DOAJ ➢ OpenDOAR ➢ Open CC-by-nc-nd-by late night movie [Mart] ➢ “Azage Tegegne being awarded his degree” CC-BY-NC-SA by ILRI ➢ “People using computers in an internet cafe in Kampala, Uganda” CC-BY-NC-ND by Arne Hoel / World Bank http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/7556691768/in/set- 72157601463732327 ➢ GNU Head Joseph W. Reiss Free Art License or the GNU GPLv2
  • 24. Thanks to
  • 25. This presentation was made with 100% Free Software No animals were harmed

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