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Climate alliance ghent indra van sande



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  • 1. Climate AllianceFrom vision to action Indra Van Sande Service of Environment City of Ghent
  • 2. Positioning Ghent GHENT
  • 3. Partner of
  • 4. Why do we work on climate?
  • 5. Focus on end of cheap fossile fuelsEconomic :“to prevent is cheaper than to cure” (Stern)Social:Rising energy prizes disturb livability in a cityCity should “arm” citizens and companies by helpingthem to become more independent of energyDelay only makes it more difficultGhent Climate neutral in 2050 means:100.000 dwellings => 2.560 a year21.000 businesses => 540 a year600 own buildings => 15 a year
  • 6. Climate neutral in …2030, 2040, 2050, 2070, 2100? Every ambition has to take into account the specific context of every city Important to start moving “Ghent strives for… “
  • 7. Ghent, an atypical city CO2 emissions in the city (direct + indirect, 2009) source: survey Totale emissies 12000 10000CO2-emissies (in kton) 8000 Landbouw Transport Handel en diensten 6000 Huishoudens Energieproductie Industrie 4000 2000 0 2007 2009 9
  • 8. Gent Klimaatneutraal tegen 2050 ?
  • 9. Making a puzzle with
  • 10. How to act?Parallel tracks: study, action and being a model• Building strategic and policy supporting instruments• Participation project ‘Ghent Climate Alliance’• Being an example as City While knowledge is being buildcreating support and enthusiasm for actions or
  • 11. Website + E-zine + social media Duurzaamheidsmeter Climate stage CO2-monitoring E Input- Output Knowledge centers Business cases Thermal photo Energy mapsRE-scan Paden  uitstippelen Visie vormen 2 Subsidies climate projects 3 Systemen  analyseren 1 Opvolgen Verankeren Group Experimenteren 4 5 6 purchasesAbatement Cost Curve Transition management Education and climate transition Pilot electric vehicles
  • 12. STUDY
  • 13. To objectify policy by strategic instruments• First Flemish city with CO2 baseline and two yearly update• Renewable energy scan• Energy maps (GIS – MUSIC project)• Climate maps for adaptation (urban heat islands)• Modelling transition paths based on abatement cost curve
  • 14. Why 2050 scope?• Important to know what’s ahead to be prepared• 2050 seems far away but it’s only 1 or 2 investment cycles away• Is the EU ambition -80% in 2050 feasible?• Limits of local policy levers: defining the roles• The temptation of low hanging fruit vs. measures on mid and long term: aligning is essential• Spotting opportunities for innovationFocus on strengths and Energy loop in The Loopbusiness cases for tomorrow 16
  • 15. How to act on short, mid and long termFrom CO2 baseline toward transition … through cooperation Measure a Measure b Measure c Sector x Measure d Measure e household x Measure? innovation Measure?2007 BAU 205010,9 Mton CO2 14,7 Mton CO2 17
  • 16. 2012 Rerofitting 10,9 Mton LE building MobilityNew techniques Optimalisation processes Wind energy Solar potential Bio-energy Innovation Abatement cost curve Gent 14,7Mton 2050
  • 17. Scenarios of possible transition paths10,9 Mton • 4 P’s • Mix of low and high hanging fruit per legislation = MODELLING2012 2050
  • 18. Transition path X for e.g. existingdwellings could be ...micro Energy roof windows HP Solar behavior use thermal
  • 19. Transition path X for e.g. dwellingscould be ... Remaining District meso demand heating
  • 20. Transition path X for e.g. dwellingscould be ... Remaining wind bio-energy macro demand
  • 21. Transition path X for e.g. dwellings could be roof windows HP solar behavior district wind bio-use thermal heating energy
  • 22. To do: 3.000 CO2N houses/y – WHERE?• Energy maps = tools to prioritize geographically• Defining objective criteria to tackle a specific district firstExample: existing building stock for dwellings
  • 23. ACTION
  • 24. Transition has always been there… but should be getting a push 1960s and 70s 2011 Future Momentum 35
  • 25. Transition process Visie vormenProf. Rotmans (DRIFT) Paden  uitstippelen 2 3 Systemen  analyseren 1 Opvolgen Verankeren 5 6 Experimenteren 4
  • 26. Images of the future 2050 : as many citizens as many images of the future Consumer pushes demand From prosperity to well being Waste is history Keep on moving Paths Ghent blue gate Product services Ghent is a RES plant Authenticity Smart energy systems Knowlegde without borders EE at the top Buildings are RES plants Quality at close rangeEconomy and consumption Mobility, space &well being Energy and waste Involvement and activation
  • 27. From vision to actionCommuniction tool: magazine + website
  • 28. Valorisation sewage 23 cultural water & organic waste Organisations > 100.000 visitors GREEN TRACK Political support of 3 Energy efficiency parties business < 0,5 PJ City farming Consumer pushesarena demand 6th of October 2012 Transition UGent Transition arena on mobility Business case 38.000 students district heating 7.100 staff …. Networks Climate working groups Expertiments
  • 29. A new beginningTarget Climate Working Groups – Activating stakeholders for a concrete targets and business cases – Head hunting – Finding new levers for concrete “actions of tomorrow” – Creating a dynamic towards real transition with a broadening group of stakeholders – Stimulating co-ownership and co-implementationResult contains 4Ps (people, planet, profit, participation/policy)but also: 5th P of PROOF It’s working
  • 31. Priorities layered out in time based on all P’s PRIORITISING POLICY • High and low hanging fruit for every council period • Aligning short, mid long and long term research and investments • ... IGUESS Social factors Ecological factors e.g. Fuel poverty first! Trias ecologica next trias energetica next CO2 Participation Economic factors Transitie arena No concrete prioritising FILTERING Taking in to account that not all positive in time only in measures are feasible measures right now ADDING • Possible to qualify • Possible to qualify andSubjective priorities • Not always possible to quantify Objective priorities quantify • GIS helps visualizing • Offers handles to prioritizeResult: transition paths based on feelings and experience, containing Result: measures towards CO2N sorted by €/reduced ton CO2 integrated sustainability = facts and figures containing 1P of sustainability Stakeholders Politicians ... ACC ETEM GIS energy maps
  • 33. Ghent as rolemodel and partner some examples ...
  • 34. For public buildingsOffice building Port of GhentTotal use of electricity: +15 %in spite of the double surfaceTotal use of fuel is 17% lower than beforeShare of passive wing: 50% of sharerenovated wingreturn on extra investment : 4 yearsFor city development projectsDuurzaamheidsmeteror a measuring system for sustainable city development 46
  • 35. Measuring sustainability 47
  • 36. ImplementationThe Gas Site (7 ha)from brownfield to demonstration site Oude Dokken : reconverted harbour area Gent St-Pieters (at the main railway station) 48
  • 37. For public lightingLichtplan II • Targets for existing lighting: min. -20% in 2020 c.t. 2008 (estimated -24%) • Targets for new developments: -20% c.t. standards 2008Examples • LED light for all trafic lights (investment 660.000€, EE 413.770 kWh/y, return 13 years) • accelerated remediation: 3,6 M€, return 5,9 years, 3.685.279 kWh/y, targets 2020 in 2013
  • 38. Part of one Alliance
  • 39.
  • 40. Keep up the spirit!