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  • 1. Anupama Phene University of Utah David Eccles School of Business, Department of Management 1645 East Campus Center Drive, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-9304 Phone : (801) 587 9055 Fax : (801) 581 7214 Email : mgtap@business.utah.edu Education University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX August 1999 Doctor of Philosophy (International Management) Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India May 1990 Master of Business Administration Bombay University, Bombay, India March 1988 Bachelor of Commerce Academic Experience University of Utah Assistant Professor of Strategy August 1999 - Present University of Texas at Dallas Instructor June 1998 – July 1999 Teaching / Research Assistant September 1995 – May 1998 Research Interests Multinational firm and subsidiary strategy Firm learning, innovation, knowledge creation and transfer Knowledge dissemination and the role of geography High technology industries – semiconductors and biotechnology Teaching Interests Firm strategy Multinational firms and the international environment
  • 2. Publications and Accepted Papers 1. Subsidiaries and knowledge creation: The influence of the MNC and host country on innovation, Almeida P. and A. Phene, Strategic Management Journal, 25(8-9), August-September 2004: 847-864 2. Knowledge transfer within the multinational firm: What drives the speed of transfer? Phene, A., Madhok, A . and K. Liu, Management International Review, Forthcoming. 3. How do firms evolve? The patterns of technological evolution of semiconductor subsidiaries, Phene A. and P. Almeida, International Business Review, 12(3), June 2003: 349-367. 4. Knowledge flows and geography in biotechnology, Phene, A. and S. Tallman, International Journal of Medical Marketing 2(3), May 2002: 241-254 5. The coevolutional advantage: Strategic management theory and the eclectic paradigm, Madhok, A. and A. Phene, International Journal of the Economics of Business. 8 (2), July 2001: 243-256 6. The stature of the Journal of International Business Studies, Phene, A. and S. Guisinger, Journal of International Business Studies, 29(3), 1998: 621-632 Under Review 1. Leveraging component knowledge across geographic boundaries, Tallman, S. and A. Phene. Submitted to the Journal of International Business Studies. Revise and Resubmit 2. Breakthrough inventions in the U.S. biotechnology industry: The effects of technological space and geographic origin, Phene, A., Fladmoe-Lindquist, K and L. Marsh. Submitted to the Strategic Management Journal. Revise and Resubmit Work in Progress 1. External knowledge, internal capabilities and multinational subsidiary innovation. Phene, A. and Almeida, P. Brief Description: Firms differ in their ability to recognize, absorb and exploit external knowledge. This paper suggests that the capacity to recognize and absorb outside knowledge (which we term sourcing capacity) is distinct from the capability to integrate it internally with other knowledge (combinative capability) and thus exploit it through innovation. The study constructs and tests a structural model to investigate how sourcing capacity and combinative capability facilitate innovation. The paper studies innovation in
  • 3. the context of the subsidiaries of multinational corporations, which can access knowledge from two sets of external sources – other firms within the multinational corporation and firms in the host country. Thus the study also tests whether (and which) sources of external knowledge are useful to innovation. 2. Learning from regional clusters in the biotechnology industry: Firm, network and region effects, Almeida, P. Phene, A. and S. Tallman Brief Description: This study explores the phenomenon of firm learning from regional clusters, suggesting that firms learn differentially from the cluster. Differential learning is explained by examining three sources – the firm, the network and the region. We hypothesize that firm learning from the cluster is determined by firm characteristics (its ability to assimilate knowledge from the cluster), resources available in the cluster (opportunity for learning from the cluster) and characteristics of the network of linkages that pervade the cluster (access to knowledge in the cluster). We test our hypotheses in the biotechnology industry. Our study suggests that physical location may not be enough to tap into cluster knowledge and a simultaneous analysis of firm, network and region characteristics contributes to understanding heterogeneity in firm learning from clusters. 3. Geographic and technological platforms in firm R&D networks:Implications for innovatory performance in the semiconductor industry Phene, A. and C. Nehrt Brief Description: This paper investigates the influence of diversified R&D structures on firm innovatory performance, by drawing on contingency theory. The firm’s R&D network is characterized by geographic platforms, reflecting international diversification and technological platforms, reflecting core technological focus and core technological dispersion. Our findings demonstrate support for an inverted U relationship between international diversification of R&D and innovation, a nonlinear relationship between core technological focus and innovation and a positive linear relationship between core technological dispersion and innovation. 4. Bridging strategies in the semiconductor industry: The influence on impact, durability and breadth of innovation, Phene, A., Hesterly, W. and T. Felin Brief Description: This paper examines the effects of firm selection of bridging strategies to manage their external environment in the context of innovation. We draw on the resource dependence perspective to examine the bridging strategies that firms adopt. We suggest that firms can build three types of bridges to the external environment, bridging across organizational space, technological space and temporal space, to incorporate external information. We examine the impact of these three bridging strategies on innovation by analyzing the effect on the innovation’s value, durability and breadth. We test our hypotheses, using patent data, on a sample of U.S. semiconductor firms. Our results suggest that building technological bridges and temporal bridges enhances innovation, while organizational bridges limit innovation.
  • 4. 5. Creating durable knowledge in the biotechnology industry: The role of modularity and decay, Phene, A., Fladmoe-Lindquist, K. and L. Marsh. Brief Description: Our study examines how firms can create dynamic capabilities to succeed in high technology environments. We focus on the role of durable knowledge in creating dynamic capabilities and determine how firms can create durable knowledge. Theoretically, we make a contribution by examining the characteristics of durable knowledge – modularity and decay. Knowledge that is durable, exhibits high modularity and low levels of decay thereby maximizing the firm’s investment in creating the knowledge. We hypothesize that step function learning and the breadth of the firm’s technological base positively affect the extent of modularity. Modularity, in turn, is posited to have a negative impact on decay. Empirically, we use patent data from the U.S. biotechnology industry to operationalize characteristics of knowledge. 6. Alliance and venture capital networks: An analysis of start-up firms in the biotechnology industry, Archambeau, L., Phene, A. and T. Galvin. Brief Description: This study examines how biotechnology start-up companies build external relationships that allow them to overcome the liability of newness. We investigate two distinct networks that a biotechnology firm belongs to: Venture Capital networks and alliance networks. We identify the overlap between these two networks and examine the factors that drive this relationship. We hypothesize that the phase of development of the start-up, its innovatory capabilities, and the prominence and capital investment of the venture capitalists determine the extent of overlap between the two networks. Book Chapters 1. Innovation and knowledge management: Scanning, sourcing and intergration, Almeida, P., Phene, A. and R. Grant, in M. Easterby-Smith and M. Lyles (eds.), Handbook of Organizational Learning and Management, Blackwell Publishing 2. Knowledge transfer through alliances: The role of culture, Almeida, P., Grant, R. and A. Phene, in M. Gannon and K. Newman (eds.), Handbook of Cross Cultural Management, Blackwell Publishing. 3. The co-evolutional advantage : Strategic management theory and the eclectic paradigm, Madhok, A. and A. Phene in J. Cantwell and R. Narula (eds.), International Business and the Eclectic Paradigm, Routledge Book Review Multinationals and East Asian Integration, A. Phene and S. Guisinger, Asia Pacific Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. 1 (2), December 1997.
  • 5. Conference Presentations Innovation in Multinational Subsidiaries: The Role of External Knowledge, Sourcing Capacity and Combinative Capability, Phene and Almeida. 2004 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Stockholm, Sweden Unpacking innovation: Bridging strategies and their influence on impact, durability and breadth, Phene, Hesterly and Felin, 2003 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Seattle, Washington. Alliance and venture capital networks: An analysis of start-up firms in the biotechnology industry, Archambeau, Phene and Galvin. 2003 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, Baltimore, Maryland. Learning from regional clusters in the biotechnology industry: Firm network and region effects, Almeida, Phene and Tallman, 2002 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, Paris, France Bridging and buffering strategies in the semiconductor industry: The role of dyads, networks and firm characteristics, Phene, Hesterly and Felin, 2002 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, Paris, France The effects of regional clusters on knowledge stocks and flows: Evidence from the biotechnology industry, Phene and Tallman, 2002 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, San Juan, Puerto Rico. External and internal influences on subsidiary innovation, Phene and Almeida, 2002 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Unpacking absorptive capacity: The effect of sourcing and combinative capability on subsidiary innovation, Phene and Almeida, 2002 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Denver, Colorado Knowledge transfer within the firm: What drives the speed of transfer?, Phene, Madhok and Liu, 2002 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Denver, Colorado. Creating durable knowledge in the biotechnology industry: The role of decay and modularity, Phene and Fladmoe-Linquist, 2001 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, San Francisco, CA. How do diversified knowledge networks emerge? A rational adaptation perspective, Phene and Nehrt, 2001, Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, San Francisco, CA.
  • 6. Domains of knowledge: Organizational and geographic boundedness and innovation in the biotechnology industry, Phene, Fladmoe-Lindquist and Marsh, 2001 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Washington, DC. Internal and external network influences on multinational subsidiary innovation: An evolutionary perspective, Phene and Almeida, 2001 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Washington, DC. Knowledge spillovers in the biotechnology industry: Does physical proximity matter? Phene and Tallman, 17th Colloquium of the European Group for Organizational Studies (2001), Lyon, France. Strategic management theory and the eclectic paradigm: Expanding the envelope, with Madhok and Phene, 2000 Annual Congress, European International Business Academy. The evolving influences on multinational subsidiary innovation: A network approach, Almeida and Phene, 2000 Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, Phoenix, AZ. Multinational firm innovation: Networks of learning, Panel on Networks, innovation processes and multinational strategy, 2000 Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business, Phoenix, AZ. Spatial bounds of innovation: Knowledge production and dissemination in the biotechnology industry, Phene and Tallman, 2000 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, Vancouver, Canada. Do weak ties lead to significant innovations? Knowledge sourcing strategies in the biotechnology industry, Phene and Fladmoe-Lindquist, 2000 Annual Conference, Strategic Management Society, Vancouver, Canada. External knowledge, internal capabilities and multinational subsidiary innovation, with Phene and Almeida, 2000 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Toronto, Canada. Are all your eggs in one basket? Diversified knowledge networks and innovatory performance, Phene and Nehrt, 2000 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Toronto, Canada. How do firms evolve? The changing scale, scope and technological influences of semiconductor subsidiaries, Phene and Almeida, 1999 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Charleston, SC. Alliance formation in the biotechnology industry: Impact of base and scope of knowledge, Phene and Hasenhuttl, 1999 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Charleston, SC.
  • 7. The evolution of technological capabilities in U.S. semiconductor subsidiaries, Phene and Almeida, 1999 Annual Meeting, Academy of Management, Chicago, IL. Implications of tax policy on Japanese MNE strategies: An OLI perspective, Phene and Guisinger, 1999 Annual Conference, Association of Japanese Business Studies, Salt Lake City, UT. A methodology investigation of inconsistent findings on international diversification, Nehrt and Phene, 1998 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Vienna, Austria. The stature of the Journal of International Business Studies among scholarly journals, Phene and Guisinger, 1998 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Vienna, Austria. Re-examining the effects of international diversification on firm performance, Dobbs and Phene, 1998 Meeting, Southwestern Academy of International Business, Dallas, TX. Dual diversification: Theory extension and empirical evidence, Nehrt, Phene and Mileski, 1997 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business, Monterrey, Mexico. On the multidimensionality of international diversification, Nehrt and Phene, 1997 New England Business Association Conference, Connecticut. Research Grants 2000 University Research Committee grant 2001 CIBER grant Teaching Awards 2000-2001 Runner-up Marvin J. Ashton Undergraduate Teaching Excellence Award 1999-2000 Nominated Marvin J. Ashton Undergraduate Teaching Excellence Award Academic Honors Faculty inductee into the Beta Gamma Sigma Honor Society, 2004. Ranked fifth in Bombay University, 1988 Ranked twenty third in Maharashtra State, 1985 National Merit Scholar, 1983 Teaching Experience
  • 8. Courses Spring 2004 PhD Strategy Seminar (MGT 7620) – mean overall teaching rating – 6.0/6.0 Fall 2003 International Management (MGT 6790) - mean overall teaching rating – 5.70/6.0 Advanced Strategic Management (MGT 5700) - mean overall teaching rating – 5.66/6.0 Fall 2002 International Management (MGT 6790) - mean overall teaching rating – 5.63/6.0 Advanced Strategic Management (MGT 5700) - mean overall teaching rating – 5.55/6.0 Fall 2001 International Management (MGT 6790) – mean overall teaching rating – 5.74/6.0 Advanced Strategic Management (MGT 5700) - mean overall teaching rating – 5.71/6.0 Fall 2000 Advanced Strategic Management (MGT 5700) – mean overall teaching rating – 5.63/6.0 Spring 2000 Advanced Strategic Management (MGT 5700) – mean overall teaching rating – 4.83/6.0 MBA Field Study Faculty Advisor Spring 2004 – Questar Gas Spring 2003 - Fidelity Investments Spring 2002 - Idaho Technology Spring 2001 – Sinclair Oil Independent study – Knowledge based theory of the firm Spring 2003 - Mehendi Das, Krupa Sukavaneshvar Spring 2001 - Carl Liu Professional Work Experience SCICI SECURITIES LIMITED, Bombay, India Project Manager 1992 - 1995 AMERICAN EXPRESS BANK LIMITED, Bombay, India Assistant Manager, Foreign Exchange and Treasury 1990 - 1992 Service Coordinator Department Speaker Series 2002 - Present Ad Hoc Reviewer, Journal of International Business Studies Academic Committees 2001- Present University of Utah, Undergraduate Council 2003- Present David Eccles School of Business, Undergraduate Committee 2003- Present David Eccles School of Business, Database Review Committee
  • 9. 2000-2003 Social Sciences Intellectual Exploration Committee