study of political science<br />Meaning of political science<br />polis<br />scire<br />1. A basic knowledge and understanding of the state and of the principles and ideals which underlie its organization and activities.<br />2. Primarily concerned with the association of human beings into a “body politic,” or a political community (one organized under government and law)<br />3. It deals with those relations among men and groups which are subject to control by the state, with the relations of men and groups to the state itself, and with the relations of the state to other states.<br />
scope of political science<br />Political Theory – the entire body of doctrines relating to the origin, form, behavior, and purposes of the state are dealt with in the study of this subject<br />Public Law – (a) organization of government (b) limitations upon government authority (c) the power and duties of governmental offices and officers, and (d) the obligations of one state to another are handles in the study of public law<br />Public Administration – focused upon the methods and techniques used in the actual management of state affairs by executive, legislative and judicial branches of the government.<br />
Interrelationship with other branches<br />History – study of the past events that gives light to the present and prepares us to the future.<br />Economics – the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services<br />Geography – study of the physical features of the earth<br />Sociology – society as a whole<br />Anthropology – study of mankind in relation to physical, social, and cultural development<br />
Interrelationship with other branches<br />6. Psychology – study of man’s mental, attitude and behavior<br />7. Philosophy – love for wisdom; beliefs, concepts and attitudes of an individual or group<br />8. Statistics and Logic – science of gathering and evaluating data and in drawing conclusions<br />9. Jurisprudence – the philosophy or science of law to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature of law, of legal reasoning, legal systems and of legal institutions.<br />
Function and importance of political science<br />To know....<br />To analyze....<br />To solve....<br />
Goal in the study of political science courses<br />Education for citizenship<br />Essential parts of liberal education<br />Knowledge and understanding of government<br />
Concepts of State and Government<br />State – is a community of persons more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control<br />
Elements of State<br />People – population of the state<br />Territory – the place where the people of the state lives<br />Government – the agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out.<br />Sovereignty – the supreme power of the state to command and enforce obedience to its will from people within its jurisdiction and corollarily to have freedom from foreign control.<br /> a. Internal or the power of the state to rule within its territory;<br /> b. External or the freedom of the state to carry out activities without subjection to or control by other states.<br />
Origin of States<br />Divine Right Theory<br />Necessity or Force Theory<br />
Origin of States<br />Paternalistic/Maternalistic Theory<br />Social Contract Theory<br />
State distinguished from Nation<br />State distinguished from Government<br />
Purpose and necessity of the Government<br />Advancement of the public welfare<br />Consequence of Absence<br />
Forms of Government<br />As to number of persons exercising sovereign powers<br />As to extent of powers exercised by the central or national government<br />As to relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of the government <br />
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