Connecting Northern Tanzania     A socio-economic comparison of thealternative routes for a highway from Arusha           ...
Tanzania’s Road Network & New Alternative Routes
Three Alternative Routes
Three Alternative Routes
Three Alternative Routes
Elevation and Distance: North Route
Elevation and Distance: North Route                              Total distance: 548 km                               Elev...
Elevation and Distance: Eyasi Route
Elevation and Distance: Eyasi Route                               Total distance: 628 km                               Ele...
Elevation and Distance: Mbulu Route
Elevation and Distance: Mbulu Route                              Total distance: 692 km                              Eleva...
Elevation and Distance: Summary
Elevation and Distance: Summary                                           • shortest distance                             ...
Current Conditions
Current Conditions              North Route is shortest, but requires the                                most amount of ne...
Estimated Travel Times
Estimated Travel Times                North Route is shorter distance, but would                                          ...
Human Density
Human Density                • fewest number of                people                • connects very few                hi...
Voter Population
Voter Population                   • fewest number of                   voters
Economic Activity
Economic Activity                    • fewest number of                    economically active                    people  ...
Total Number of Unemployed
Total Number of Unemployed                             • largest unemployment                             in the south    ...
School Aged Children (5-19 years old)
School Aged Children (5-19 years old)                                        • greatest number of                         ...
Access to Agriculture
Access to Agriculture                                          • twice as much agriculture / km2                          ...
Livestock Density
Livestock Density                                                    • three times as many livestock than                 ...
Future Agriculture: Rainfall
Future Agriculture: Rainfall          • highest annual rainfall
Future Agriculture: Soil Quality
Future Agriculture: Soil Quality           • high average soil fertility           but low rainfall
Biodiversity & Conservation Issues
Wildebeest Migration: Wet Season
Wildebeest Migration: Wet to Dry Transition
Wildebeest Migration: Dry Season
Threatened Species: Rhino and Wild dog
Letter from Tanzania’s Ministry of Natural    Resources and Tourism (22, June 2011)                      1) The proposed r...
Sources of Data Elevation: NASA SRTM Digital Elevation Model Human demography: Tanzania Bureau of Statistics Livestock: FA...
THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA          MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISMTelegrams: "MALIASILI"                  ...
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FZS presentation_ConnectingNorthernTanzania_Evaluation_of_alternative_routes

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Frankfurt Zoological Society conducted alternative routes connecting Northern Tanzania - two southern routes vs crossing through Serengeti in the north. The data show the advantages of surrounding Serengeti National Park via a southern route instead crossing.

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FZS presentation_ConnectingNorthernTanzania_Evaluation_of_alternative_routes

  1. 1. Connecting Northern Tanzania A socio-economic comparison of thealternative routes for a highway from Arusha to Musoma by Frankfurt Zoological Society J. Grant C. Hopcraft (May, 2011)
  2. 2. Tanzania’s Road Network & New Alternative Routes
  3. 3. Three Alternative Routes
  4. 4. Three Alternative Routes
  5. 5. Three Alternative Routes
  6. 6. Elevation and Distance: North Route
  7. 7. Elevation and Distance: North Route Total distance: 548 km Elevation change: 1537 m
  8. 8. Elevation and Distance: Eyasi Route
  9. 9. Elevation and Distance: Eyasi Route Total distance: 628 km Elevation change: 674 m
  10. 10. Elevation and Distance: Mbulu Route
  11. 11. Elevation and Distance: Mbulu Route Total distance: 692 km Elevation change: 1099 m
  12. 12. Elevation and Distance: Summary
  13. 13. Elevation and Distance: Summary • shortest distance • greatest elevation 1537 m 548 km gain • too steep for oil / gas pipelines or railways 674 m 628 km • least elevation gain • longest distance 1099 m 692 km
  14. 14. Current Conditions
  15. 15. Current Conditions North Route is shortest, but requires the most amount of new pavement (i.e. most expensive) Proposed  Total Km Km  Km  Km  Km of new  Route Currently  Currently  Currently  pavement  Paved All‐Seasonal  Seasonal  required Murum Tracks or No  Road North  Route 547.8 119.5 219.7 208.6 428.2 South  Eyasi 628.3 296.0 83.1 249.3 332.4 South  Mbulu 691.5 288.5 132.2 270.8 402.9
  16. 16. Estimated Travel Times
  17. 17. Estimated Travel Times North Route is shorter distance, but would be longer travel time Total Km inside  Total Km outside  Total  Proposed  Total Km Protected Areas (50  Protected Areas (80  Travel  Route km/hr speed limit)  km/hr speed limit) Time North  7.9  Route 547.8 151.1 396.6 hours South  7.8  Eyasi 628.3 0 628.3 hours South  8.6  Mbulu 691.5 0 691.5 hours
  18. 18. Human Density
  19. 19. Human Density • fewest number of people • connects very few high human density areas (ie red bars)
  20. 20. Voter Population
  21. 21. Voter Population • fewest number of voters
  22. 22. Economic Activity
  23. 23. Economic Activity • fewest number of economically active people • connects the least number of economic hubs (red bars)
  24. 24. Total Number of Unemployed
  25. 25. Total Number of Unemployed • largest unemployment in the south • number of unemployed people on South Mbulu route is almost equal to total number of people on North route
  26. 26. School Aged Children (5-19 years old)
  27. 27. School Aged Children (5-19 years old) • greatest number of school aged children in the south • many centres with large numbers of school aged children (red bars)
  28. 28. Access to Agriculture
  29. 29. Access to Agriculture • twice as much agriculture / km2 • mainly herbaceous crops sold at local markets (and some cash crops) Area under agriculture per km of road 50 45 Tree / Shrub Crops 40 Herbaceous Crops 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 South Mbulu South Eyasi North Route
  30. 30. Livestock Density
  31. 31. Livestock Density • three times as many livestock than northern route 70000 Total number of Livestock within 20km of route 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 South Mbulu South Eyasi North Route
  32. 32. Future Agriculture: Rainfall
  33. 33. Future Agriculture: Rainfall • highest annual rainfall
  34. 34. Future Agriculture: Soil Quality
  35. 35. Future Agriculture: Soil Quality • high average soil fertility but low rainfall
  36. 36. Biodiversity & Conservation Issues
  37. 37. Wildebeest Migration: Wet Season
  38. 38. Wildebeest Migration: Wet to Dry Transition
  39. 39. Wildebeest Migration: Dry Season
  40. 40. Threatened Species: Rhino and Wild dog
  41. 41. Letter from Tanzania’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (22, June 2011) 1) The proposed road will not dissect the Serengeti National Park 2) TANAPA will maintain jurisdiction of all roads in the Serengeti for tourism and administration only (not commercial traffic) 3) New paved roads to address the socio- economic needs of rural communities will not be adjacent to the park (122 km of ecologically sensitive area between Loliondo and Mugumu will be left) 4) The Government of Tanzania is considering the construction of a route south of the park (many donors including the World Bank and the German Government have already offered support)
  42. 42. Sources of Data Elevation: NASA SRTM Digital Elevation Model Human demography: Tanzania Bureau of Statistics Livestock: FAO Gridded Livestock of the World 2007 Agriculture, Crops & Rainfall: FAO AfriCover Soil: World Harmonized Soil Data base Maps: Frankfurt Zoological Society and Tanzania National Parks
  43. 43. THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISMTelegrams: "MALIASILI" P.O. Box 9372DAR ES SALAAM DAR ES SALAAMTelephone: 255 22 21 11063Fax: 255 22 2123158On reply please quote:Ref. NO. EA.297?593/01/20 22"d June 201 1Director,World Heritage Centre,7, Place de Fontenoy75352 Paris 07 SP,FRANCE Re: STATE OF CONSERVATION OF SERENGETI NATIONAL PARKThe United Republic of Tanzania is honored to take this opportunity to clarify on the proposedtarmac road in northern Tanzania.The proposed road will be constructed in two sections: (i) The eastern stretch of 214 km tarmac road which will be constructed from Mto wa Mbu to Loliondo, (ii) The western stretch tarmac road that will be constructed from Makutano-Natta-Mugumu, adistance of 117 km. The stretch of 12 km from Mugumu to the Serengeti National Park westernborder plus a corresponding stretch of 57.6 km from Loliondo to Serengeti National Parkeastern border will not be tannac. The 53 km section traversing Serengeti National Park willremain gravel road and continue to be managed by TANAPA mainly for tourism and administrative purposes as it is currently.In view of this intended plan of constsuction, the State Party confirms that the proposed road willnot dissect the Serengeti National Park and therefore will not affect the migration andconservation values of the Property. The ongoing ESIA will take into consideration thesedevelopments and will be submitted to WHC accordingly.This decision has been reached in order to address the increasing socio-economic needs of therural communities in Northern Tanzania while safeguarding the Outstanding Universal Value(OUV) of Serengeti National Park. The Government of United Republic of Tanzania is alsoseriously considering the constsuction of a road from Mugumu to Arusha running south ofNgorongoro Conservation Area and Serengeti National Park. EZEKIEL MAIGE MINISTER FOR NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM

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